Empathy and Justice
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Empathy and Justice
International News about Empathy applied to Conflict, Justice, Restorative Justice, Mediation and the Law. (more at CultureOfEmpathy.com)”
Curated by Edwin Rutsch
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Empathy Movement Magazine Front Page

Empathy Movement Magazine Front Page | Empathy and Justice | Scoop.it

Subscribe to our Emailed Newsletter

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Empathy Cafe Magazine Front Page


Visit the individual magazines specifically for empathy and;

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Edwin Rutsch, Editor

Join us on Facebook Center for Building a Culture of Empathy
http://CultureOfEmpathy.com

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Fair sentences start with empathy

Fair sentences start with empathy | Empathy and Justice | Scoop.it
I have had the privilege of practicing statewide and have often found myself parroting the many poignant comments culled from judges throughout the state.


A constant at any sentencing is whether a client can be shown to have the capacity for empathy. If taught to truly listen, our clients can and will hear judges as they make their sentencing decisions.


Judges, from one end of the state to the other, have fashioned sentences for my clients affirming the proposition that a client-specific, empathy-centric plan is the cornerstone of the least restrictive sentences that still protect the public


. Harsh criminal defense lawyers create harsh judges. We, as defense lawyers, need to reach deep into our own empathic substrata to find and help our clients reconcile their conduct with what Abraham Lincoln, during his first Inaugural address, termed “the better angels of our nature.


Robin Shellow, 

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At UR, Sotomayor says justices are 'members of this society': “That for me is the work of empathy"

At UR, Sotomayor says justices are 'members of this society': “That for me is the work of empathy" | Empathy and Justice | Scoop.it

Sotomayor said she attempts to bring empathy to her decisions by seeing herself “in the other person’s shoes.”

 

“It is that empathy, in my judgment, that is necessary for judges to have in their written opinions,” she said.


She cited as an example a case involving a 13-year-old girl who successfully sued her school after she was subjected to a strip search because she was reported to have taken an aspirin.
During arguments, some justices questioned how such a search was any different from undressing in a locker room.


That prompted Ginsburg to later comment that some of her male colleagues might not understand the sensitivity 13-year-old girls have about their bodies, Sotomayor said.


“It’s not the conclusions we draw but how we express ourselves,” she said. A ruling should not demean the losing party even when the court disagrees.


“That for me is the work of empathy,” she said.

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Encouraging Empathy and Compassion in Today’s Lawyers - Rhonda Magee

Encouraging Empathy and Compassion in Today’s Lawyers - Rhonda Magee


Insight Meditation, Buddhist Insight Meditation, The Traditional Meditation of Insight, contemporary development, contemplative pedagogy, Buddhist Insight Meditation, Compassion and Meditation,
Developing Insight into our Anxieties,


A Line to our own Insight, Thinking Minds, Buddhism, Guided Meditation, The Science of Meditation, Meditation, the Science of Concentration, Tibetan Buddhist Meditation, Buddhism Meditation

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Empathy Movement Newsletter: Empathy as the Best Healing Agent - from Edwin Rutsch: 30 minute free empathic listening session

Empathy Movement Newsletter: Empathy as the Best Healing Agent - from Edwin Rutsch: 30 minute free empathic listening session | Empathy and Justice | Scoop.it

Dear Movement Supporters


Empathy has long been understood to be a healing agent. It has become the core essence in the field of therapy to heal personal problems such as, stress, anxiety, depression, burnout, shame, self-judgment,  stuckness, trauma, PTSD, etc., etc.  It is the core healing agent of interpersonal and social conflicts in mediation and restorative justice processes.


Even in the medical field, studies show that patients with an empathic doctor heal faster since feeling seen, heard, acknowledged and understood reduces stress and inflation, thereby, allowing the natural healing processes of the body to work more effectively.


To build a more empathic culture, we need more people trained and practiced in offering empathic guidance and support.  I am expanding my empathic guide services for healing and invite you to try a 30 minute free empathic listening session.  If you know of others who may benefit from this, do pass it on.


Warmly,
Edwin Rutsch
Director: Center for Building a Culture of Empathy
 

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Restorative Circles Process for conflict mediation via empathic listening.

Restorative Circles Process for conflict mediation via empathic listening. | Empathy and Justice | Scoop.it
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Future Lawyers Should Be Screened and Trained for Empathy

Future Lawyers Should Be Screened and Trained for Empathy | Empathy and Justice | Scoop.it

 I recently read an article by Jill Suttie titled "Should We Train Doctors for Empathy?" ...


Those who tend to be attracted to law school in the first place tend to be logical thinkers (rule oriented) and have low EQ levels. Moreover, the research indicates that the training students receive in law school also causes an "erosion of empathy." Furthermore, the more empathic students tend to drop out of law school at a much higher rate. Moreover, "lawyers with 'higher levels of resilience, empathy, initiative and sociability' are more likely to leave law practice than those with lower levels of those traits."


In fact, "some US law firms have used this assessment metric (a scale to measure sociopaths on a scale of 0 to 40, with higher levels being extreme behaviour) in their hiring practice, preferring to employ lawyers with sociopathic index close to 29.


Image: The Village Lawyer, c. 1621, by Pieter Brueghel the Younger

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Empathy and Fairness

Empathy and Fairness (Novartis Foundation Symposia)

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Empathy is the process that allows us to share the feelings and emotions of others, in the absence of any direct emotional stimulation to the self.


Humans can feel empathy for other people in a wide array of contexts: for basic emotions and sensation such as anger, fear, sadness, joy, pain and lust as well as for more complex emotions such as guilt, embarrassment and love.


It has been proposed that, for most people, empathy is the process that prevents us doing harm to others.

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New Insights on Empathy in Intergroup Conflict

New Insights on Empathy in Intergroup Conflict | Empathy and Justice | Scoop.it

After spending most of my professional life in the conflict resolution field, I have to admit to experiencing a growing frustration with the state of the field in recent years. There have been times when I have felt that various parts of the field were stuck in their own ideologies, with the result that some interventions seemed to be based on little more than assumptions, research on efficacy of interventions was slow to accumulate, and mythology was revered while research results were ignored...


Parochial Empathy. Dr. Bruneau distinguishes various types of empathy and has articulated the concept of “parochial empathy,” which is experiencing greater empathy for ingroup members than outgroup members. Parochial empathy can explain behavior during intergroup conflict. Dr. Bruneau has found interventions that mitigate parochial empathy, including the use of certain kinds of narratives (Ah! Now we are in my field!)


Perspective-taking and Perspective-giving. Dr. Bruneau found that both sides of an asymmetrical conflict were not equally affected by perspective-taking. While the more powerful side did experience positive effects from perspective-taking, the less powerful side actually benefitted more from “perspective-giving:” speaking and being listened to (Again, my field!).


Dorothy J. Della Noce


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(Empathic Policing) Training helps heighten officers’ empathy for victims

(Empathic Policing) Training helps heighten officers’ empathy for victims | Empathy and Justice | Scoop.it
J and his brother also donated their journals and their correspondence with friends and with the perpetrator to provide insight into what they went through for "Illuminations," a training program to build empathy.

"If you can understand truly what somebody else is feeling without judgment, you are more likely to be able to respond in the way that they need and in the end, for the criminal justice system, you're less likely to revictimize them," Pfeifer said.

"If the individual feels like you are genuinely empathic with them, they're more likely to cooperate, and you need that from an investigative standpoint," she continued.
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(Empathic Policing) How can we build better police forces? former Baltimore police officer emphasizes the need for empathy

(Empathic Policing) How can we build better police forces?  former Baltimore police officer emphasizes the need for empathy | Empathy and Justice | Scoop.it

A former Baltimore police officer emphasizes the need for empathy and criticizes the 'us vs. them' attitude common on police forces....


After writing a series of tweets last week naming various instances of corruption he witnessed as a cop, Sergeant Wood criticized urban police forces’ “us vs. them” mentality in an interview with The Washington Post. His prescription for the divided system, he said, is empathy.

“Police officers aren’t warriors. They aren’t soldiers,” Wood told the Post. “The important thing is to change the mindset, to foster a sense of empathy, so police officers see themselves as the protectors of these communities, not as an occupying force that’s at war with them...


Ultimately, he said, the solution "starts with empathy. We need to stop all this warrior talk, the militaristic language, and the us versus them rhetoric. We need a better metaphor. Police officers aren’t warriors. They aren’t soldiers. I don’t even like the mentality that we’re 'enforcing the laws.' Maybe a term like 'protectors.' 


Sarah Caspari

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Communities That Care: Restorative discipline holds children combines accountability, compassion

Communities That Care: Restorative discipline holds children combines accountability, compassion | Empathy and Justice | Scoop.it

Many of us struggle with finding effective ways for our children to learn lessons from their wrongdoings. There are so many discipline techniques and no single type works for every child or every situation.


Compare these two approaches to discipline:


Blame/shame (reactive):


  • Focus is on the past
  • Preoccupied with blame
  • Punishment is selected to keep a child from repeating misbehavior


Relational/restorative (proactive):


  • Focus in past, present and future
  • Emphasis on repairing harm done and personal accountability
  • Consequences are related to the behavior and encourage making amends


BY CONNIE SCHULZ

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Toddlers have an innate sense of justice and empathy say researchers

Toddlers have an innate sense of justice and empathy say researchers | Empathy and Justice | Scoop.it
Maybe toddlers should replace judges. Young children apparently have an innate sense of justice, and they're more interested in setting things right than in punishing wrongdoers, researchers have discovered.

Children 3 and 5 years old who watched different scenarios involving puppets, toys and cookies quickly determined whether or not a "master puppet" was being mean and who was the rightful owner of certain toys or cookies, according to a new study at the University of Manchester in England. And they were much more concerned with restorative justice than with retributive justice. They tended to restore order by returning an item to its owner rather than doling out punishment to thieves or cheaters, said researchers


By Mary Papenfuss

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Empathy Neuroscience: Translational Relevance for Conflict Resolution - British Academy

Empathy Neuroscience: Translational Relevance for Conflict Resolution - British Academy | Empathy and Justice | Scoop.it
This conference brings together empathy neuroscience research to tackle a key translational challenge: its relevance for conflict resolution. It focuses on the idea that taking the other person’s perspective is ultimately necessary to resolve conflict; and that conflicts are perpetuated by adopting a single perspective.


The conference considers the relevance of empathy neuroscience for policy makers working in conflict resolution.


The meeting brings together an international panel of speakers drawn from outstanding scientists, clinicians, scholars, and charities, focusing particularly on the potential role of empathy in the Israel-Palestine conflict. The aims are to enable dialogue and a better understanding of empathy, and to promote the development of evidence-based interventions that foster empathy in conflict zones.


Convenors: 

  • Professor Simon Baron-Cohen FBA, University of Cambridge, UK
  • Haifa Staiti, Gather Fellow, Seeds of Peace, Canada
  • Dr Ahmad Abu-Akel, Birmingham University, UK
  • Professor Ruth Feldman, Bar-Ilan University, Israel and Yale University, USA
  • Professor Simone Shamay-Tsoory, Haifa University, Israel
  • Alex Gabbay, Film Director, London, UK
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Empathy in Conflict Intervention: Authors Richard Bowers & Nelle Moffett interviewed by Edwin Rutsch

Empathy in Conflict Intervention: Authors Richard Bowers & Nelle Moffett interviewed by Edwin Rutsch | Empathy and Justice | Scoop.it

Nelle and I co-authored Empathy in Conflict Intervention: The Key to Successful NVC Mediation. This book brings together theories from psychology, conflict resolution, and sociology to explore the effectiveness of empathy in mediation.


From the book:
"What empathy provides for the mediator is a way to create an unbiased connection with each client without reverting to a cold aloofness that is sometimes taught in mediation training."


"The impact of mediator empathy towards both parties may provide the support needed for successful mediation even when there is no ongoing relationship between the parties.  A better understanding of the power of empathy could lead to increased usage of empathy in mediation. This increased usage of empathy could increase perspective-taking by the parties within mediations, leading to increased connection, collaboration, or satisfaction with the mediation process for both mediators and disputants. "

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Developed sense of justice evident 'in children as young as 3'

Developed sense of justice evident 'in children as young as 3' | Empathy and Justice | Scoop.it
Dr. Jensen claims that the findings provide a new insight into the nature of justice, with the chief implication being that empathy is a core component of a sense of justice, which in turn feeds into an understanding of punishment and cooperation.


He describes the take-home message as being that preschool children are sensitive to harm to others, and given a choice, they would rather restore things to help the victim than punish the perpetrator.

We asked Dr. Jensen what kind of practical interventions might be suggested by the study for use among teachers and parents.

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Empathic Policing: New mental health approach for police: Offering solutions: The course is all about building empathy in the officers

Empathic Policing: New mental health approach for police: Offering solutions: The course is all about building empathy in the officers | Empathy and Justice | Scoop.it

A lot of agencies are coming to the realization that officers need to learn more de-escalation skills, especially with those with a mental illness," Woody said.


"The course is all about building empathy in the officers for people with a mental illness. Once they feel empathy, then they're more receptive to the de-escalation skills they learn later."

The course builds empathy through human interaction. Woody said trained police leaders who facilitate the courses have their students meet people with mental illnesses "when they're having a good day because police officers usually don't see them when they're having a good day, only when they're in crisis."


Marie Wilson

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Freedom, Liberation, and Reaction: Empathy, Inclusion, and Moral Dialog or What Gets in the Way of Negotiating Social Justice?

Freedom, Liberation, and Reaction: Empathy, Inclusion, and Moral Dialog or What Gets in the Way of Negotiating Social Justice? | Empathy and Justice | Scoop.it
Some Thoughts on Empathy and Judgment

Putting myself in another’s shoes so that the fit is comfortable for both of us requires knowing myself and knowing you. Empathy that matters involves action that accurately and immediately takes into consideration the significance of what both of us intends while managing to portray that understanding in a mutually tolerable fashion. I’m going to unpack this as a paradigm case of mutual empathetic engagement in the service of the improvisational practice of moral dialog and negotiation.  As a social practice this involves at least two people deliberately revealing, observing, and critiquing theirs and their partner’s values and status.

Empathy involves appreciating how others make their judgments. Self-knowledge requires knowing how I make my judgments. Speaking practically, self-knowledge and empathy are two sides of the same coin.


Wynn Schwartz, Ph.D.

President, The Society for Descriptive Psychology


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In Defense of Empathy and Justice: John Gibbs and Edwin Rutsch Dialog

In Defense of Empathy and Justice: John Gibbs and Edwin Rutsch Dialog | Empathy and Justice | Scoop.it
John Gibbs is a professor of developmental psychology at The Ohio State University and the author of Moral Development and Reality: Beyond the Theories of Kohlberg, Hoffman, and Haidt. John says, my interests pertain to cross-cultural sociomoral development, parental socialization, empathy, prosocial behavior, and antisocial behavior.


I have, with students and colleagues, developed assessment measures of moral judgment, moral identity, social perspective-taking, self-serving cognitive distortions, and social skills. Together with Martin Hoffman he wrote an article, Hillary has a point: In defense of empathy and justice.


Hillary Rodham Clinton had a point when she recently urged:
"The most important thing each of us can do... is to try even harder to see the world through our neighbors' eyes, to imagine what it is like to walk in their shoes, to share their pain and their hopes and their dreams"....

we emphasize that empathy and justice are co-primary or mutual. If justice serves empathy, the reverse is certainly also true ...

Morality is most objective and compelling when justice and empathy align. That is, the moral prescription to act is strongest when victims are both wronged and harmed.

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Blythe prisons to get new victim-offender program

Blythe prisons to get new victim-offender program | Empathy and Justice | Scoop.it

Insight Prison Project (IPP) has been awarded a grant from the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation to provide a program inside Ironwood State Prison and Chuckawalla State Prison...


This is a unique and critical element to VOEG, as it provides the opportunity for offenders to be accountable directly to a victim of violent crime. It also allows survivors to see and hear accountability, remorse and empathy directly from offenders.

IPP believes that meeting face to face with victims is the single most important factor in transforming harmful behavior. Inmates hear victims describe how violent crimes impacted them, and they develop empathy by interacting with them.

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Empathy Is Incompatible With Shame and Judgment

Empathy Is Incompatible With Shame and Judgment | Empathy and Justice | Scoop.it

I had been meaning to better understand the concept of empathy ever since the United States Supreme Court struck down the part of the Defense of Marriage Act of 1996 that denied federal benefits to legally married same-sex couples.


My interest in the concept had to do with my not understanding how so-called mediators and peacemakers could claim to be empathic people and yet make hateful comments regarding homosexuals and same-sex marriage.


I by no means expected all mediators and peacemakers to agree with the Supreme Court's decision; however, one does not have to agree in order to be empathic. What I found confusing was that self-proclaimed empathic people made such hateful comments. I needed to understand whether it was possible for an empathic person to make hateful statements. The reason this was so important to me was conveyed in my article as follows: "The first sentence in Martin Golder's article titled 'The Journey to Empathy' is 'In conflict resolution empathy is a central tool and way of being.'" You see, I am in complete agreement with Mr. Golder. As set forth in "The Power of Empathy," empathy is an emotional skill and an essential part of emotional intelligence.


By Mark Baer || 27-Jan-2015


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The Power of Empathy

The Power of Empathy | Empathy and Justice | Scoop.it
In actuality, empathy predominantly involves learning about someone else's worldview. Furthermore, that learning process is shaped to a very great degree by one's personal relationships.


Despite the fact that it has long-been known that empathy is a learned skill, the results of this study are incredibly meaningful and important. This is especially true, considering the information contained within Harvard University's Making Caring Common Project's report titled "The Children We Mean to Raise: The Real Messages Adults Are Sending About Values" that was published in 2014. The report stated in pertinent part as follows:


Mark Baer

Family Law Attorney, Mediator, Collaborative Law Practitioner, Speaker, and Author


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(Empathic Policing) Empathy with a badge and a gun: EMPATHY TRAINING

(Empathic Policing) Empathy with a badge and a gun:  EMPATHY TRAINING | Empathy and Justice | Scoop.it

EMPATHY TRAINING

The way law enforcement deals with the mentally ill has come under scrutiny following a spate of officer-involved shootings across the nation. But Hulse said news reports miss the success stories between law enforcement and the public they protect.

"We handle literally hundreds and hundreds of cases where everything went right and we de-escalated the individual and nobody got hurt," Hulse said.

Hulse said the training he administers to his officers is what stops crises and protects the public. But beyond that, he said empathy with people struggling is the real key to solving these issues.

Hulse hosts a voluntary crisis intervention training every year in April. He said a number of officers participate in the 40-hour training innovated by the Memphis Police Department.


The training, called the "Memphis Method" focuses on empathy with those having a mental health crisis.


image  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Police 

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Wired for kindness: Science shows we prefer compassion, and our capacity grows with practice

Wired for kindness: Science shows we prefer compassion, and our capacity grows with practice | Empathy and Justice | Scoop.it
Some of the evidence that compassion can be cultivated comes from studies on “social-emotional learning” (or SEL), school programs that complement the standard emphasis on academics with age-attuned lessons in self-awareness, managing upsetting emotions, empathy, relationship skills, and smart life decisions.

One SEL program, MINDUP, increased not just empathy in elementary school students, but also upped the number of their actual acts of kindness, according to a study published in January in the journal Developmental Psychology.


By Daniel Goleman 

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CNN: Are 3-year-olds mind-reading, justice-seeking superheroes? Learn the building blocks of empathy and a sense of justice

CNN: Are 3-year-olds mind-reading, justice-seeking superheroes? Learn the building blocks of empathy and a sense of justice | Empathy and Justice | Scoop.it

If you want to learn the building blocks of empathy and a sense of justice, just look to the nearest 3-year-old.

While these two traits seem like they might require years of experience and observation to acquire, a new study published in Current Biology reveals that children as young as 3 have a strong sense of restorative justice.

Researchers in Germany observed individual 3- and 5-year-olds in a situation in which they sat at a round table with puppets and a few items, such as cookies or toys. The children had the ability to pull a rope to turn the table. One section of the table was dubbed "the cave," which was inaccessible and could hide the items....


Origins of empathy

What are the origins of this intuitive sense of empathy?

Family environment and cognitive development, according to Dr. Norma Feshbach. There must be a family context that allows and encourages empathy for it to flourish. And cognitively, children must have a physiological readiness that allows them to see someone in an emotional state and elicit a similar response. This also enables them to see the world from another perspective, and feel and experience those emotions.


By Ashley Strickland

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Empathy and motivation for justice: Cognitive empathy and concern, but not emotional empathy, predict sensitivity to injustice for others

Empathy and motivation for justice: Cognitive empathy and concern, but not emotional empathy, predict sensitivity to injustice for others | Empathy and Justice | Scoop.it
Why do people tend to care for upholding principles of justice? This study examined the association between individual differences in the affective, motivational and cognitive components of empathy, sensitivity to justice, and psychopathy in participants (N 265) who were also asked to rate the permissibility of everyday moral situations that pit personal benefit against moral standards of justice.


Counter to common sense, emotional empathy was not associated with sensitivity to injustice for others. Rather, individual differences in cognitive empathy and empathic concern predicted sensitivity to justice for others, as well as the endorsement of moral rules. 


Jean Decety

Keith J. Yoder


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