Allergy (and clinical immunology)
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Allergy (and clinical immunology)
Ressources et Actualités pour la spécialité Allergie
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Scooped by Gilbert C FAURE
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A topic dedicated to allergy

... dans le contexte du DESC d'Immunologie clinique et allergologie en France

 

opened for 8 years, 

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Gilbert C FAURE's insight:

Il peut être complèté par les topics suivants, couvrant des domaines fondamentaux et/ou appliqués

Immunology: http://www.scoop.it/t/immunology

Mucosal immunity: http://www.scoop.it/t/mucosal-immunity

Autoimmunity: http://www.scoop.it/t/autoimmunity

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Immunology and Biotherapies: http://www.scoop.it/t/immunology-and-biotherapies

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Epidemiology of severe anaphylaxis | Physician's Weekly

The documented rise in the frequency of allergy illness in several countries over the last three decades has heightened interest in the epidemiology of severe allergic responses. Researchers examine the challenges of obtaining and understanding these data, as well as the shortcomings of existing data collection methods. Anaphylaxis, as assessed by hospital admission rates, is relatively uncommon and has grown over the previous 10–20 years in the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, and Australia. All big datasets are hindered by a high number of uncoded, ‘unspecified’ anaphylactic causes. Fatal anaphylaxis is still an uncommon occurrence, although it looks to be on the rise in Australia, Canada, and the United States. The risk of fatal food anaphylaxis remains constant in the UK and the US, while it has grown in Australia. The age distribution for fatal food anaphylaxis differs from that of other causes, with evidence indicating an age-related proclivity to fatal results in adolescents and people into their forties. The rising prevalence of food and drug allergies has serious implications for future mortality trends. Improved capacity to collect and analyze population-level anaphylaxis data in a consistent manner is necessary to ultimately reduce risk and enhance management. For latest news and updates By signing up, you will receive emails about Physician's Weekly products and you agree to our Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy. Reference: https://journals.lww.com/co-allergy/Abstract/2016/10000/Epidemiology_of_severe_anaphylaxis__can_we_use.6.aspx
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One hundred and ten years of Allergen Immunotherapy: A journey from empiric observation to evidence - Pfaar - - Allergy

One hundred and ten years of Allergen Immunotherapy: A journey from empiric observation to evidence - Pfaar - - Allergy | Allergy (and clinical immunology) | Scoop.it
Abstract One hundred and ten years after Noon's first clinical report of the subcutaneous application of allergen extracts, allergen immunotherapy (AIT) has evolved as the most important pillar of ...
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Recombinant allergens for immunotherapy: state of the art | Physician's Weekly

The first molecular structures of allergens were identified more than 30 years ago, and characterised recombinant allergens became available. We evaluate the current state of the art in molecular AIT with the purpose of understanding why progress in this field has been modest, despite the fact that there is enormous promise for treatment and allergen-specific prevention. Several AIT techniques have been developed and are being tested in clinical trials based on allergen structures. In clinical AIT trials, promising results were obtained with recombinant and synthetic allergen derivatives inducing allergen-specific IgG antibodies, which interfered with allergen recognition by IgE, whereas clinical efficacy for approaches targeting only allergen-specific T-cell responses could not yet be demonstrated. According to the available research, molecular AIT techniques have significant advantages over allergen extract-based AIT. Clinical trials show that recombinant allergen-based AIT vaccines that outperform existing allergen extract-based AIT vaccines for respiratory, food, and venom allergy can be created. Allergen-specific preventative techniques based on recombinant allergen-based vaccine methods and T-cell tolerance induction are on the horizon and hold the promise of allergy prevention. However, progress is hampered by a shortage of resources for clinical trials, which are required for the development of these novel therapies. For latest news and updates By signing up, you will receive emails about Physician's Weekly products and you agree to our Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy. Reference: https://journals.lww.com/co-allergy/Fulltext/2019/08000/Recombinant_allergens_for_immunotherapy__state_of.20.aspx
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Bronchial angiogenesis in horses with severe asthma and its response to corticosteroids - Millares‐Ramirez - - Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine

Bronchial angiogenesis in horses with severe asthma and its response to corticosteroids - Millares‐Ramirez - - Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine | Allergy (and clinical immunology) | Scoop.it
Abstract Background Severe asthma in horses is characterized by structural changes that thicken the lower airway wall, a change that is only partially reversible by current treatments. Increased va...
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Intranasal delivery of allergen in a nanoemulsion adjuvant inhibits allergen‐specific reactions in mouse models of allergic airway disease - Baker - - Clinical & Experimental Allergy

Intranasal delivery of allergen in a nanoemulsion adjuvant inhibits allergen‐specific reactions in mouse models of allergic airway disease - Baker - - Clinical & Experimental Allergy | Allergy (and clinical immunology) | Scoop.it
Abstract Background Atopic diseases are an increasing problem that involve both immediate hypersensitivity reactions mediated by IgE and unique cellular inflammation. Many forms of specific immunot...
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Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA): Achievements in 10 years and future needs

Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA): Achievements in 10 years and future needs | Allergy (and clinical immunology) | Scoop.it
Allergic rhinitis (AR) and asthma represent global health problems for all age groups.
Asthma and rhinitis frequently coexist in the same subjects. Allergic Rhinitis and
its Impact on Asthma (ARIA) was initiated during a World Health Organization workshop
in 1999 (published in 2001).
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Allergen immunotherapy: the growing role of observational and randomisedtrial “Real‐World Evidence” - Paoletti - - Allergy

Allergen immunotherapy: the growing role of observational and randomisedtrial “Real‐World Evidence” - Paoletti - - Allergy | Allergy (and clinical immunology) | Scoop.it
Abstract Although there is a considerable body of knowledge about allergen immunotherapy (AIT), there is a lack of data on the reliability of real‐world evidence (RWE) in AIT and consequently, a la...
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Food allergy: immune mechanisms, diagnosis and immunotherapy

Food allergy: immune mechanisms, diagnosis and immunotherapy | Allergy (and clinical immunology) | Scoop.it
Food allergy is a pathological, potentially deadly, immune reaction triggered by normally innocuous food protein antigens. The prevalence of food allergies is rising and the standard of care is not optimal, consisting of food-allergen avoidance and treatment ...

Via Krishan Maggon
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First Real-World Effectiveness Analysis of Preschool Peanut Oral Immunotherapy

First Real-World Effectiveness Analysis of Preschool Peanut Oral Immunotherapy | Allergy (and clinical immunology) | Scoop.it
We previously described safety of preschool peanut oral immunotherapy (P-OIT) in a
real-world setting; 0.4% of patients experienced a severe reaction, and 4.1% received
epinephrine, during build-up.
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Advancing Food Allergy Through Omics Sciences

Advancing Food Allergy Through Omics Sciences | Allergy (and clinical immunology) | Scoop.it
Since the publication of the first draft of the human genome, there has been an explosion
of new technologies with increasing power to interrogate the totality of biological
molecules (eg, DNA, RNA, proteins, metabolites) and their modifications (eg, DNA methylation,
histone modifications).
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Allergic Reactions Including Anaphylaxis After Receipt of the First Dose of Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine — United States, December 14–23, 2020 | MMWR

Allergic Reactions Including Anaphylaxis After Receipt of the First Dose of Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine — United States, December 14–23, 2020 | MMWR | Allergy (and clinical immunology) | Scoop.it
As of January 3, 2021, a total of 20,346,372 cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and 349,246 associated deaths have been reported in the United States.
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When it comes to disinformation, the public is a vector, not a target.

Disinformation has always been about getting elites to do things. That's the point that so many who have looked at what percentage of ppl saw what on Facebook have missed. The public isn't a target -- it's a vector (and it's not the only vector).
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Pediatric Immunologist Builds Relationships to Diagnose and Prevent Childhood Allergies | MUSC Health

Pediatric Immunologist Builds Relationships to Diagnose and Prevent Childhood Allergies | MUSC Health | Allergy (and clinical immunology) | Scoop.it
Emily Campbell, MD, is Assistant Professor of Pediatrics who specializes in allergies and immunology at MUSC Children’s Health.

Via Jana Pearce
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Food Allergy Testing Food Fact Sheet | British Dietetic Association (BDA)

Food Allergy Testing Food Fact Sheet | British Dietetic Association (BDA) | Allergy (and clinical immunology) | Scoop.it
There are many different 'tests' available to diagnose food allergy or food intolerance. It can be difficult to know which are reliable or based on science. This fact sheet will examine the tests available and whether they are based on evidence.
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Neutrophils in asthma: the good, the bad and the bacteria | Thorax

Neutrophils in asthma: the good, the bad and the bacteria | Thorax | Allergy (and clinical immunology) | Scoop.it
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Recent progress at the psoriasis and atopic dermatitis research front: An experimental dermatology perspective - Zhang - 2021 - Experimental Dermatology

Recent progress at the psoriasis and atopic dermatitis research front: An experimental dermatology perspective - Zhang - 2021 - Experimental Dermatology | Allergy (and clinical immunology) | Scoop.it
Click on the article title to read more.
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Future of allergic rhinitis management - ScienceDirect

Future of allergic rhinitis management - ScienceDirect | Allergy (and clinical immunology) | Scoop.it
To present a comprehensive, clinically focused scoping review of therapeutic agents and practices comprising the future of allergic rhinitis (AR) mana…
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Long‐term corticosteroid use, adrenal insufficiency and the need for steroid‐sparing treatment in adult severe asthma - Gurnell - - Journal of Internal Medicine

Long‐term corticosteroid use, adrenal insufficiency and the need for steroid‐sparing treatment in adult severe asthma - Gurnell - - Journal of Internal Medicine | Allergy (and clinical immunology) | Scoop.it
Abstract Secondary adrenal insufficiency (AI) occurs as the result of any process that disrupts normal hypothalamic and/or anterior pituitary function and causes a decrease in the secretion of ster...
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Diagnostic value of cutaneous manifestation of SARS-CoV-2 infection

Diagnostic value of cutaneous manifestation of SARS-CoV-2 infection | Allergy (and clinical immunology) | Scoop.it
Skin rashes cluster with other COVID-19 symptoms, are predictive of a positive swab test, and occur in a significant number of cases, either alone or before other classical symptoms. Recognizing rashes is important in identifying new and earlier cases of COVID-19.
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Mast cells and complement system: Ancient interactions between components of innate immunity - Elieh Ali Komi - 2020 - Allergy

Mast cells and complement system: Ancient interactions between components of innate immunity - Elieh Ali Komi - 2020 - Allergy | Allergy (and clinical immunology) | Scoop.it
Abstract The emergence and evolution of the complement system and mast cells (MCs) can be traced back to sea urchins and the ascidian Styela plicata, respectively. Acting as a cascade of enzymatic ...
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Allergic Reactions Including Anaphylaxis After Receipt of the First Dose of Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine | Infectious Diseases | JAMA | JAMA Network

Allergic Reactions Including Anaphylaxis After Receipt of the First Dose of Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine | Infectious Diseases | JAMA | JAMA Network | Allergy (and clinical immunology) | Scoop.it
This JAMA Insights review provides clinical details of anaphylactic reactions reported to and verified by the CDC in the first week of use of the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine in the US, December 14-23, 2020.
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January 2021 | World Allergy Organization

January 2021 | World Allergy Organization | Allergy (and clinical immunology) | Scoop.it
Home: Reviews & News: Medical Journal Reviews: 2021: January 2021 Medical Journal Review January 2021 WAO Reviews – Editors' Choice Articles are selected for their importance to clinicians who care for patients with asthma and allergic/immunologic diseases by Juan Carlos Ivancevich, MD, and John J. Oppenheimer, MD - FACAAI - FAAAAI, WAO Reviews Editor.  Asthma and COVID-19: Do we finally have answers? Eger K, Bel EH European Respiratory Journal 2020; in press https:/doi.org/10.1183/13993003.04451-2020 In this paper, Eger and Bel explore the impact of asthma on COVID 19. While it is well known that older age, obesity, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes are risk factors of poor COVID-19 outcome, much controversy surrounds asthma’s impact. The focus of this manuscript was 2 papers published in the same edition of the ERJ (Choi et al and Izquierdo et al). In summary, these large-scale studies confirmed previous findings regarding risk for asthma patients to develop (severe) COVID-19 – specifically that asthmatics appear to be slightly more susceptible to contracting COVID-19, but severe disease progression does not seem to be related to medication use, including asthma biologics, but rather linked to older age and co-morbidities. The authors stress the fact that often when examining studies of COVID-19 and asthma, potential bias factors have not been considered, leaving many questions unanswered. Furthermore, large-scale, multinational real-life studies with detailed information on asthma phenotype and medication usage in patients with a confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 would be ideal to aid us in resolving these questions. The Metabolomics of Childhood Atopic Diseases: A Comprehensive Pathway-Specific Review Schjødt MS, Gürdeniz G, Chawes B Metabolites 2020;10(12):511 https://doi.org/10.3390/metabo10120511 Asthma, allergic rhinitis, food allergy, and atopic dermatitis are common childhood diseases with several different underlying mechanisms, i.e., endotypes of disease. In this review, the authors stress that metabolomics has the potential to identify disease endotypes, which could beneficially promote personalized prevention and treatment. They do a wonderful job of reviewing the metabolomics literature in children with atopic diseases, focusing on tyrosine and tryptophan metabolism, lipids (particularly, sphingolipids), polyunsaturated fatty acids, microbially derived metabolites (particularly, short-chain fatty acids), and bile acids. Specifically, tyrosine, 3-hydroxyphenylacetic acid, N-acetyltyrosine, tryptophan, indolelactic acid, 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid, p-Cresol sulfate, taurocholic acid, taurochenodeoxycholic acid, glycohyocholic acid, glycocholic acid, and docosapentaenoate n-6 were identified in at least two studies as being impactful. They stress that altered metabolic pathways highlight some of the underlying biochemical mechanisms leading to these common childhood disorders, which in the future could provide utility in clinical practice. Much further work on this topic is still needed. Helicobacter pylori and skin disorders: a comprehensive review of the available literature Guarneri C, Ceccarelli M, Rinaldi L, Cacopardo B, Nunnari G, Guarneri F European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences 2020;24(23):12267-12287 https://www.doi.org/10.26355/eurrev_202012_24019 Helicobacter pylori is a Gram-negative bacterium identified for the first time about 30 years ago and commonly considered as the main pathogenic factor of gastritis and peptic ulcer. Since then, it was found to be associated with several gastrointestinal and extra-gastrointestinal diseases, including skin disorders such as chronic urticaria, rosacea, lichen planus, atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, pemphigus vulgaris, vitiligo, primary cutaneous MALT-type lymphoma, sublamina densa-type linear IgA bullous dermatosis, primary cutaneous marginal zone B-cell lymphomas, and cutaneous T-cell pseudolymphoma. The aim of this review is to summarize the available studies regarding the topic and draw possible conclusions. The authors found that, overall, further clinical and laboratory studies are needed to assess the real plausibility and relevance of these associations, as well as the possible role of Helicobacter pylori with the underlying pathogenic mechanisms. Allergy prevention: An overview of current evidence Royal C, Gray C Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine 2020;93(5):689-698 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7757062/ There has been a rapid rise in allergic disorders worldwide, which has resulted in increased research into the determinants of allergy development in attempt to identify factors that may be manipulated to mitigate risk. Present literature demonstrates that an opportune window in immunological development appears to exist in early life, whereby certain exposures may promote or prevent the development of an allergic disposition. Furthermore, factors that affect the composition and diversity of the microbiome in early life may also be impactful. In this review, the authors explore the current literature and recommendations relating to exposures that may prevent allergy development or promote tolerance. They note several risk factors, including delivery by caesarean section, omission of breastfeeding, vitamin D insufficiency, and environmental exposures, such as cigarette smoke exposure, all increase the risk of an allergic predisposition. Likewise, they note several protective factors, including dietary diversity during pregnancy, lactation, and in infancy is protective. They also note that recommendations for food-allergen exposure have shifted from delayed introduction to early introduction as a tolerance-inducing strategy. Supplements such as probiotics and vitamins during pregnancy and infancy have yet to produce conclusive results for allergy prevention. Finally, they note that emollient use in infancy has not been shown to be protective against eczema or food allergy. The airways microbiome of individuals with asthma treated with high and low doses of inhaled corticosteroids Martin MJ, Zain NMM, Hearson G, Rivett DW, Koller G et al PLoS One 2020;15(12):e0244681 https://www.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0244681 Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) are the mainstay of asthma treatment, but evidence suggests a link between ICS usage and increased rates of respiratory infections. In this study, Martin and colleagues assessed the composition of the asthmatic airways microbiome in patients taking low and high dose ICS and the stability of the microbiome over a 2-week period. Sputum from each subject underwent DNA extraction, amplification and 16S rRNA gene sequencing of the bacterial component of the microbiome. Nineteen subjects returned for further sputum induction after 24 h and 2 weeks. A total of 5,615,037 sequencing reads revealed 167 bacterial taxa in the asthmatic airway samples, with the most abundant being Streptococcus spp. No significant differences in sputum bacterial load or overall community composition were seen between the low- and high-dose ICS groups; however, Streptococcus spp. showed significantly higher relative abundance in subjects taking low-dose ICS (p = 0.002). Furthermore, Haemophilus parainfluenzae was significantly more abundant in subjects on high-dose fluticasone propionate compared to those on high-dose budesonide (p = 0.047). There were no statistically significant changes in microbiota composition over a 2-week period. The authors note that the clinical implications for patients are not known, but suggest that this does provide a possible explanation for the increased risk of pulmonary infection seen in asthma and COPD, particularly with FP.  More research is needed.
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Human Milk Oligosaccharides: New Developments in the Management of Cow’s Milk Protein Allergy

Human Milk Oligosaccharides: New Developments in the Management of Cow’s Milk Protein Allergy | Allergy (and clinical immunology) | Scoop.it
This symposium, which was part of the industry programme at Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Meeting and the European Consortium o
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Vitamin D insufficiency is associated with reduced regulatory T cell frequency in food‐allergic infants - Neeland - - Pediatric Allergy and Immunology

Vitamin D insufficiency is associated with reduced regulatory T cell frequency in food‐allergic infants - Neeland - - Pediatric Allergy and Immunology | Allergy (and clinical immunology) | Scoop.it
Abstract The influence of vitamin D on human health is strongly associated with tolerogenic immune function, skewing the immune response toward a regulatory phenotype. Ecological and epidemiologica...

Via Krishan Maggon
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Polyethylene Glycol-Induced Systemic Allergic Reactions (Anaphylaxis)

Polyethylene Glycol-Induced Systemic Allergic Reactions (Anaphylaxis) | Allergy (and clinical immunology) | Scoop.it
Polyethylene glycols (PEGs) or macrogols are hydrophilic polymers found in everyday products such as foods, cosmetics, and medications. We present 5 cases of confirmed PEG allergy, which to our knowledge is the largest case series to date. Four of the 5 cases developed anaphylaxis to medications con …
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