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Education and Training Monitor - Education and training - European Commission

Education and Training Monitor - Education and training - European Commission | Daily Newspaper | Scoop.it
The Education and Training Monitor is an instrument to foster and encourage evidence-based policy making.
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This flagship annual report by EU highlights progress in the field of education and training across EU countries. Notable insights and unique data that could drive future research and practice. Worthwhile read for anyone involved in learning.
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Exploring TPACK among pre‐service teachers in Australia and Israel - Redmond - - British Journal of Educational Technology - Wiley Online Library

Exploring TPACK among pre‐service teachers in Australia and Israel - Redmond - - British Journal of Educational Technology - Wiley Online Library | Daily Newspaper | Scoop.it

The ubiquitous nature of technology in the world has not yet translated into the ubiquitous use of technology to transform learning and teaching. Teachers lack the confidence and competence to integrate technology across a broad range of tools within a range of contexts. Technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPACK) has become a common framework to explore technology within teaching and teacher education. However, little research exists to explore the similarities and differences of TPACK between different teacher education programmes, within different countries or even different disciplines, especially in a secondary context. Using a self‐report online survey, this study sought to compare and contrast TPACK results from pre‐service teachers studying in secondary teacher education programmes in Australia and Israel. Findings suggest that TPACK is higher in Australia, and in both countries for those students who were aged over 26. There were no significant differences between gender and disciplines reported. The paper also discusses broad‐scale implications for the future of research in TPACK.

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Unhappy families: using tabletop games as a technology to understand play in education | Lean | Research in Learning Technology

Unhappy families: using tabletop games as a technology to understand play in education | Lean | Research in Learning Technology | Daily Newspaper | Scoop.it
In this article, we argue that tabletop games provide a helpful means of rethinking the affordances of digital games in pedagogy. We argue that tabletop games offer a distinctive technology from digital games in exploring the idea of play as experience, providing a sociable, accessible and tactile platform that can easily be adapted by players to suit their needs.
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Digital games in general are considered as important and relevant to learning in our times. A recent reconceptualization of the term and its relevant approaches and affordances for pedagogy, relates deeply with play. Towards this direction, tabletop games are proposed as an appropriate means to explore the idea of play as experience.

 

This empirical paper draws on the findings from a workshop session during an international conference on play in education. It was evident that there is a rather vogue definition of the term tabletop play, which also stands for what accounts as 'play'. Derived from this ascertainment, the authors discuss play in education as experience with particular emphasis on the use of technology. The intention is to build and contribute to research and practice in the subject-matter, based on the conclusions drawn.

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Using Theoretical Perspectives in Developing Understanding of TPACK

Using Theoretical Perspectives in Developing Understanding of TPACK | Daily Newspaper | Scoop.it

In this chapter complementary theoretical perspectives are elaborated. The theory of technological mediation studies the teacher-technology relationship and accentuates the material dimensions of technology integration. This theory postulates that teachers and technology constitute each other. The theory of situated cognition features the social dimensions technology integration and premises that teachers actively construct their TPACK through experiences in practice. We argue that both social and the material dimensions are needed when teaching is considered a design science. If teachers take the designer’s role and design and enact technology environments for learning they develop their TPACK, in particular when they do so collaboratively.

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Evaluating the Network: A Workflow for Tracking Twitter Interactions Using Social Networking Analysis

Evaluating the Network: A Workflow for Tracking Twitter Interactions Using Social Networking Analysis | Daily Newspaper | Scoop.it

Networking plays an important role in research projects to build a community and audience around a research area. Using social media is popular in project communication as it provides the ability to engage with a group of followers daily. Such online networking tools provide the advantage of providing near-realtime data, which can be used to evaluate communication and networking success. This does, however, present a problem of what data can be collected in a reasonable timeframe to usefully feed back into the project’s strategies. This paper presents the evaluation approach the Research on Open Educational Resources for Development in the Global South (ROER4D) project has applied to understanding the project’s reach and engagement on the social networking site Twitter. 

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MOOCs, disruptive innovation and the future of higher education: A conceptual analysis

MOOCs, disruptive innovation and the future of higher education: A conceptual analysis | Daily Newspaper | Scoop.it
The potential influence of Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) on higher education institutions is much discussed and debated, with some arguing that MOOCs are a disruptive innovation that will radically change existing models of higher education. However, analyses of whether and how MOOCs might disrupt higher education models are relatively scarce. This paper analyses whether MOOCs should be considered a disruptive innovation according to the concept’s defining criteria. It compares characteristics of disruptive innovation with current developments in MOOCs, suggesting three perspectives – performance, benefits, and market – that can be used as a lens and analytic framework to explore and evaluate current practice. The findings indicate that MOOCs do not match all the characteristics of disruptive innovation as they are commonly identified in the literature. However, MOOCs may be a sustaining innovation that establishes new markets for learners who are not served by universities.
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Macrophages orchestrate breast cancer early dissemination and metastasis

Macrophages orchestrate breast cancer early dissemination and metastasis | Daily Newspaper | Scoop.it
Cancer cell dissemination during very early stages of breast cancer proceeds through poorly understood mechanisms. Here we show, in a mouse model of HER2+ breast cancer, that a previously described sub-population of early-evolved cancer cells requires macrophages for early dissemination. Depletion of macrophages specifically during pre-malignant stages reduces early dissemination and also results in reduced metastatic burden at end stages of cancer progression. Mechanistically, we show that, in pre-malignant lesions, CCL2 produced by cancer cells and myeloid cells attracts CD206+/Tie2+ macrophages and induces Wnt-1 upregulation that in turn downregulates E-cadherin junctions in the HER2+ early cancer cells. We also observe macrophage-containing tumor microenvironments of metastasis structures in the pre-malignant lesions that can operate as portals for intravasation. These data support a causal role for macrophages in early dissemination that affects long-term metastasis development much later in cancer progression. A pilot analysis on human specimens revealed intra-epithelial macrophages and loss of E-cadherin junctions in ductal carcinoma in situ, supporting a potential clinical relevance.
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Long-term carbon sink in Borneo’s forests halted by drought and vulnerable to edge effects

Long-term carbon sink in Borneo’s forests halted by drought and vulnerable to edge effects | Daily Newspaper | Scoop.it

Less than half of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions remain in the atmosphere. While carbon balance models imply large carbon uptake in tropical forests, direct on-the-ground observations are still lacking in Southeast Asia. Here, using long-term plot monitoring records of up to half a century, we find that intact forests in Borneo gained 0.43 Mg C ha−1 per year (95% CI 0.14–0.72, mean period 1988–2010) above-ground live biomass. These results closely match those from African and Amazonian plot networks, suggesting that the world’s remaining intact tropical forests are now en masse out-of-equilibrium. Although both pan-tropical and long-term, the sink in remaining intact forests appears vulnerable to climate and land use changes. Across Borneo the 1997–1998 El Niño drought temporarily halted the carbon sink by increasing tree mortality, while fragmentation persistently offset the sink and turned many edge-affected forests into a carbon source to the atmosphere.

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Research on Back Sleeping and SIDS (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome)

Research on Back Sleeping and SIDS (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome) | Daily Newspaper | Scoop.it

The single most effective action that parents and caregivers can take to lower a baby's risk of SIDS is to place the baby to sleep on his or her back for naps and at night.

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Transient three-dimensional CFD modelling of ceiling fans - ScienceDirect

Transient three-dimensional CFD modelling of ceiling fans - ScienceDirect | Daily Newspaper | Scoop.it

The research presented in this paper aimed to develop and validate a three-dimensional transient implicit CFD model of a typical ceiling fan available in India by comparing simulation results obtained using different URANS turbulence models with measured data collected in controlled environment. The results highlight that this ceiling fan model is able to replicate the predominant characteristics of the air flow generated by the fan such as the meandering plume and the local fine free shear layers. The best results are achieved when the SST k-ω turbulence model is used, with 83% of the simulated values being within the error bars of the respective measured value.

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Developing a Student-Generated Virtual Museum for Ubiquitous Learning - A Design-Based Research Study | LinkedIn

Developing a Student-Generated Virtual Museum for Ubiquitous Learning - A Design-Based Research Study | LinkedIn | Daily Newspaper | Scoop.it
Currently, dramatic changes take place in terms of rapidly emerging modes of communication, technologies, increased cultural diversity, evolving workplaces cultures, new challenges for equitable education and the varying and changing identities of students everywhere. Bearing this in mind, this article draws on a design-based research study to argue of the need for museums to respond to global trends and fulfill their social and educational imperatives by investigating the potential of a particular pedagogical framework that is grounded in culturally inclusive pedagogical practices and characteristics of ubiquitous learning.

Via Andreas Christodoulou
THE OFFICIAL ANDREASCY's insight:

In this article, a design-based research approach is presented, which utilizes multiliteracies pedagogy to support ubiquitous learning during the design of a student-generated virtual museum. The findings from implementing the museum-school synergy, indicate that there is potential for beneficial ubiquitous learning experiences for students when theory-based practice is undertaken.

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Andreas Christodoulou's curator insight, October 6, 2017 4:08 PM
A useful resource on appropriate implementation of educational technology and its practical implications for students. This empirically-based study, indicates that addressing museum-based multiliteracies within a blended learning environment can be meaningful for ubiquitous learning.
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Same but Different? Distributed Creativity in the Internet Age (PDF Download Available)

Same but Different? Distributed Creativity in the Internet Age (PDF Download Available) | Daily Newspaper | Scoop.it

This article aims to contribute to a better understanding of the impact of the Internet on distributed creativity. While the social mechanisms that are fundamental for creative expression are not radically different online, and while we want to avoid overly romanticizing the role of the Internet or falling prey to technological determinism, we argue that there are, nevertheless, significant shifts that must be acknowledged and examined.

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An interesting approach to the complex concept of creativity, examining it by adopting the view of a differentiated understanding of the range of changes in creative expression in the Internet age. How do technologies and the widespread use of the internet affect creative practice and expression? This article presents an insightful contribution to the area by introducing a specific framework adhering to social-based understandings of creativity.

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Andreas Christodoulou's curator insight, July 26, 2017 6:05 AM
Identifying elements of Collaborative Creativity in the Internet age.
Stephania Savva, Ph.D's curator insight, July 26, 2017 5:31 PM
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Effective e-learning? Multi-tasking, distractions and boundary management by graduate students in an online environment

Effective e-learning? Multi-tasking, distractions and boundary management by graduate students in an online environment | Daily Newspaper | Scoop.it
This paper reports the findings of a small-scale study that documented the use of information technology for learning by a small group of postgraduate students. Our findings support current knowledge about characteristics displayed by effective e-learners, but also highlight a less researched but potentially important issue in developing e-learning expertise: the ability of students to manage the combination of learning and non-learning activities online.
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A paper that contributes to the scarcity of research regarding students’ effective employment of technology and how they successfully handle multiple tasks through a range of ‘boundary management’ techniques.

 

Useful work for developing instructional strategies in the era of a more systematic use of educational technology.

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(PDF) Enhancing future teachers' competencies for technology integration in education: Turning theory into practice

(PDF) Enhancing future teachers' competencies for technology integration in education: Turning theory into practice | Daily Newspaper | Scoop.it

The main aim of this conceptual paper is to provide an overview of effective strategies to support pre-service teachers to adequately integrate ICT in teaching and learning activities. Specifically, the focus is on the strategies included in the SQD (Synthesis of Qualitative Evidence) model: 1) using teacher educators as role models, 2) reflecting on the role of technology in education, 3) learning how to use technology by design, 4) collaboration with peers, 5) scaffolding authentic technology experiences, and 6) providing continuous feedback. To turn this model into practice, the approach of teacher design teams is adopted. 

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Big Data Semantics (PDF Download Available)

Big Data Semantics (PDF Download Available) | Daily Newspaper | Scoop.it

Big Data technology has discarded traditional data modeling approaches as no longer applicable to distributed data processing. It is, however, largely recognized that Big Data impose novel challenges in data and infrastructure management.

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In the emerging reality of big data and consequent advances in big data technology, a claim has been made that traditional data modeling approaches are no longer feasible to distributed data processing. Nevertheless, the authors in this paper conclude based on their literature review, that methods, principles, and perspectives created as part of Data Semantics researchers have significant contributions to make for Big Data Challenges.

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Social media as a student response system: new evidence on learning impact | Liu | Research in Learning Technology

Social media as a student response system: new evidence on learning impact | Liu | Research in Learning Technology | Daily Newspaper | Scoop.it
The ubiquitousness of social media renders it a potentially powerful tool in higher education. This study explores the use of Twitter as a tool to enhance active learning and improve feedback during large-sized lectures. Students in a final-year undergraduate accounting course at an Australian university engaged in Twitter-based synchronous activities, including answering in-lecture quizzes and posting questions.
THE OFFICIAL ANDREASCY's insight:

Ubiquitous learning as proposed by Cope and Kalantzis (2008), is undeniable in our contemporary times. Driven by the influences of social media in our lives, the authors of this empirical article argue on their potential to act as powerful and dynamic learning tools in the context of higher education.

 

The study specifically addresses the use of Twitter as a means to facilitate active learning and improve feedback in crowded-large sized lectures of an Australian University.

 

The findings of the research indicate there is a correlation between students' active learning and the use of Twitter, whereas it was found that the use of the particular social platform enables a two-way student-teacher communication. Lastly, it seemed that students perceived Twitter activities as being helpful for both synchronous and asynchronous learning.

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Multisensory enhancement elicited by unconscious visual stimuli | Springer for Research & Development

Multisensory enhancement elicited by unconscious visual stimuli | Springer for Research & Development | Daily Newspaper | Scoop.it

Here, we present a case study of a patient with Posterior Cortical Atrophy, who was unable to consciously perceive visual stimuli with our task parameters, yet who nevertheless still exhibited signs of multisensory enhancement even with unlearned relations between audiovisual stimuli. In a simple speeded detection task, both response speed, and the variability of reaction times, decreased in a similar manner to controls for multisensory stimuli. These results are consistent with the view that the conscious perception of stimuli and prior learning are not always a prerequisite for multisensory integration to enhance human performance.

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Sitting is bad for your brain -- not just your metabolism or heart: Thinning in brain regions important for memory linked to sedentary habits

Sitting is bad for your brain -- not just your metabolism or heart: Thinning in brain regions important for memory linked to sedentary habits | Daily Newspaper | Scoop.it
Studies show that too much sitting, like smoking, increases the risk of heart disease, diabetes and premature death. Researchers found sedentary behavior is linked to thinning in regions of the brain that are critical to memory formation.
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Pathogens boosted by food additive

Pathogens boosted by food additive | Daily Newspaper | Scoop.it
Epidemic strains of the bacterium Clostridium difficile have now been found to grow on unusually low levels of the food additive trehalose, providing a possible explanation for C. difficile outbreaks since 2001.
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Sleeping sickness is a circadian disorder

Sleeping sickness is a circadian disorder | Daily Newspaper | Scoop.it

Sleeping sickness is a fatal disease caused by Trypanosoma brucei, a unicellular parasite that lives in the bloodstream and interstitial spaces of peripheral tissues and the brain. Patients have altered sleep/wake cycles, body temperature, and endocrine profiles, but the underlying causes are unknown. Here, we show that the robust circadian rhythms of mice become phase advanced upon infection, with abnormal activity occurring during the rest phase. This advanced phase is caused by shortening of the circadian period both at the behavioral level as well as at the tissue and cell level. Period shortening is T. brucei specific and independent of the host immune response, as co-culturing parasites with explants or fibroblasts also shortens the clock period, whereas malaria infection does not. We propose that T. brucei causes an advanced circadian rhythm disorder, previously associated only with mutations in clock genes, which leads to changes in the timing of sleep.

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Nasa just made all its research available online for free

Nasa just made all its research available online for free | Daily Newspaper | Scoop.it

Want to learn more about Martian tsunamis or keeping fit in space? Now you can.

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Out of this world.

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Copeptin and its association to cardiovascular dysfunction in type 2 diabetes

Copeptin and its association to cardiovascular dysfunction in type 2 diabetes | Daily Newspaper | Scoop.it

We aim to test whether plasma copeptin (copeptin), the C-terminal fragment of vasopressin, has predictive value of cardiovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes without previous cardiovascular disease who were treated in primary care.

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Blood marker can predict heart disease risk in type-2 diabetes patients. This research was presented at the European Congress of Endocrinology.

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Coffee, including caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee, and the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma: a systematic review and dose–response meta-analysis

Coffee, including caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee, and the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma: a systematic review and dose–response meta-analysis | Daily Newspaper | Scoop.it
Increased consumption of caffeinated coffee and, to a lesser extent, decaffeinated coffee are associated with reduced risk of HCC, including in pre-existing liver disease. These findings are important given the increasing incidence of HCC globally and its poor prognosis.
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Multimodality, creativity and children’s meaning making: drawings, writings, imaginings. (PDF Download Available)

Multimodality, creativity and children’s meaning making: drawings, writings, imaginings. (PDF Download Available) | Daily Newspaper | Scoop.it
This paper uses a case study of the drawings, early writings and imaginative role play of two children to illustrate how children use a variety of modes to make meaning in ways that are creative and beyond the design and expectation of adults. It aims to valorise the kinds of practices in which children routinely engage but which are often overlooked and de-valued by adults, both parents and teachers.
THE OFFICIAL ANDREASCY's insight:

Creativity and multimodal ways of expression among children are the core concepts explored in this article, through undertaking a case study approach to children’s drawings, early writings and imaginative role play. It is impressive how children's multimodal literacy practices are creative beyond our imagination as adults. The authors' conceptualizations and interpretations of their findings are based on social semiotic theories, multimodal pedagogies and cognitive accounts of children's drawings. Interesting read!

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Stephania Savva, Ph.D's curator insight, July 26, 2017 5:31 PM
Exploring multimodal meaning making in children's drawings, play and writings.

Also of interest my thesis on multiliteracies and technology- enhanced, museum learning practices:

Ivon Prefontaine, PhD's curator insight, September 26, 2017 2:29 PM
What children play at and create through art and writing can give us insight into what interests them.
Nevermore Sithole's curator insight, September 29, 2017 2:45 AM
Multimodality,
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Solar-driven reforming of lignocellulose to H2 with a CdS/CdOx photocatalyst : Nature Energy

Solar-driven reforming of lignocellulose to H2 with a CdS/CdOx photocatalyst : Nature Energy | Daily Newspaper | Scoop.it

In Nature Energy this week, researchers report a technique that uses natural light to generate hydrogen from biomass. The hydrogen is free of fuel-cell inhibitors, such as carbon monoxide, which allows it to be used for power.

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