SRI-Rice Global News: March-April 2021 **sririce.org
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SIERRA LEONE: Krain Krain Leafy Vegetable Grown with System of Crop Intensification (SCI) Methods

SIERRA LEONE: Krain Krain Leafy Vegetable Grown with System of Crop Intensification (SCI) Methods | SRI-Rice Global News: March-April 2021 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

Gerald Aruna, ENGIM Internazionale, has modified the traditional planting method for the local krain krain leafy vegetable (Cochorus Olitorius) to use System of Crop Intensification (SCI) methods. Called "SKKI" (System of Krain Krain Intensification), the modifications use: Less seeds, more organic matter, wide spacing between plants, transplanting of young seedlings between 8 to 15 days old, and overhead shading. The crop is harvested twice, the first time by cutting / pruning branches of the plant at a point which leaves at least two other branches for fast re-growth and for collecting seeds at the end, so farmers can replant with their own seed. Weeding / earthing up / soil aeration of the crop is done every 7 days. This promotes robust root and plant growth and results in robust leaves as well as very big pods of seeds at the end to be harvested.

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INDIA: Scientist Helps 50k Farmers Switch To 'Madagascar Method', Increase Yield By 50%

INDIA: Scientist Helps 50k Farmers Switch To 'Madagascar Method', Increase Yield By 50% | SRI-Rice Global News: March-April 2021 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

The People's Science Institute (PSI), a non-profit research and development organisation, has helped close to 50,000 farmers switch from conventional farming methods to SRI in the last 15 years.  In 2006, Debashish Sen, director of PSI, and his team of agri-experts began training farmers based in Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh in the SRI technique.  In MP’s Shahpur Khurd village, Kavita Singh tells The Better India, “Initially, I was hesitant to adopt a new technique that required planting fewer crops. I thought it would be a waste of space, in addition to being more labour intensive. But the staggering results painted a different picture...”

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GHANA: Rice Production under the System of Rice Intensification and Conventional Methods: Which is more Profitable in Ghana?

Some studies consider the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) method of rice production as more profitable than the conventional method. Others, however, claim that there is no significant difference in yields between the two methods. The study was designed to identify which of the two methods of rice production is more profitable in Ghana. Two-stage sampling technique was used to select 220 farmers, comprising 110 farmers under each of the two methods of rice production which are predominant in Ejura-Sekyedumase Municipality and Sekyere East District of the Ashanti Region of Ghana. The study revealed that, while farmers under the SRI method obtain GH¢60.68 for every GH¢100.00 sale of rice, farmers under the conventional method obtained GH¢44.04 per every GH¢100.00. The study concludes that SRI, though a little more costly, is more profitable resulting from a higher yield brought on by the adoption of best agronomic practices associated with the method. Based on the empirical results, the authors recommend the promotion of the System of Rice Intensification in Ghana through awareness creation, extension services and training.

SRI-Rice's insight:

Vincent Abankwah and Lucy A. Tutu. 2021. Rice production under the System of Rice Intensification and conventional methods: Which is more profitable in Ghana? Journal of Experimental Agriculture International 43(1): 75-83. doi:10.9734/jeai/2021/v43i130633

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CHILE: El arroz más austral del mundo se adapta al cambio climático

CHILE: El arroz más austral del mundo se adapta al cambio climático | SRI-Rice Global News: March-April 2021 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

En el sur de Chile se avanza hacia una producción arrocera sustentable y climáticamente inteligente, que ahorra un 80% de semillas, no utiliza herbicidas y utiliza 50% menos de agua. Karla Cordero, investigadora encargada del Programa de Mejoramiento Genético de Arroz del Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA) de Chile, es llamada también “la Reina del Arroz", y ha liderado la implementación y adopción del Sistema Intensivo de Cultivo de Arroz SRI (System of Rice Intensificaction) en el país, que se presenta como una solución concreta a los productores de la zona y que básicamente permite plantar en seco y en forma intensificada.

La iniciativa, es financiada por el Fondo de Innovación para la Competitividad (FIC) del Gobierno Regional del Maule, promueve la investigación, la innovación y la competitividad en el sector. Proyecta beneficiar a cerca de 1.100 agricultores arroceros, así como a la cadena asociada al rubro que incluye a los asesores técnicos de los productores, empresas, organismos públicos chilenos como ODEPA e INDAP y de forma indirecta a todos los consumidores de arroz nacional.

 

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LIBERIA: 13,620 Farmers to Benefit from Climate-Resilient Rice Production Project

LIBERIA: 13,620 Farmers to Benefit from Climate-Resilient Rice Production Project | SRI-Rice Global News: March-April 2021 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

Stakeholders in the agricultural sector of Liberia have validated a climate-resilient rice production project (CRRP) that is expected to benefit about 13,620 smallholder rice farmers in five of the fifteen counties.

According to the Executive Director of the Community of Hope Agriculture Project (CHAP), Mr. Robert Bimba, the project will seek to improve the resilience to climate change and increase the productivity of the rice system of smallholder farmers, throughout the West African region, using a more climate-adapted production approach. The project is to be implemented by CHAP in collaboration with the Ministry of Agriculture and partners in five counties (Lofa, Bong, Nimba, Bomi, and Grand Gedeh). The Climate Resilient Rice Production Project in West AFRICA (RICOWAS) is funded by Adaption Fund.

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UTTAR PRADESH, INDIA: How an alcohol-addicted village became a model for organic farming

Apr 9 (IANS): From being a village with a high unemployment rate, whose natives were heavily dependent on alcohol, to becoming a model for SRI (System of Rice Intensification) and organic farming, the transformation of Kailashnagar, a tiny forest village in the Bahraich district of eastern Uttar Pradesh, has been phenomenal. Kailashnagar is today completely free of alcohol and is setting new records in SRI. In 2014, Geeta Prasad won an award from the state government for cultivating 118 quintals of organic rice through SRI farming in one hectare and in 2017. [Read more about how Kailashnagar's inhabitants turned their village around...]

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INDIA: Influence of Various Water Saving Techniques on Yield and Water Productivity of Irrigated Rice: A Review

INDIA: Influence of Various Water Saving Techniques on Yield and Water Productivity of Irrigated Rice: A Review | SRI-Rice Global News: March-April 2021 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is one among the most important staple food crops globally. In Asia, more than two billion people are getting 60-70 per cent of their energy requirement from rice and its derived products. In India, rice average production is 112.91 million tonnes. Demand for rice is estimated in 2025 AD to be 140 million tonnes. Food security depends on the power to extend production with decreasing availability of water to grow crops. Rice is one of the greatest water user among cereal crops, consuming about 80% of the total irrigated fresh water resources in Asia. Key technological interventions which could alter or rectify the utilization of freshwater in agriculture include direct seeded rice (DSR), system of rice intensification (SRI), alternate wetting and drying (AWD), furrow irrigated raised bed planting systems (FIRB)... Amongst the water saving techniques, SRI proves to be one of the most promising options to save water and increase water productivity without decreasing land productivity.

 

SRI-Rice's insight:

Sharma, Aaina, et al. 2021. Influence of various water saving techniques on yield and water productivity of irrigated rice: A review. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 10(1): 1993-2004. doi:10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1001.231

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ASSAM, INDIA: Paddy Farmers Reap Rich Harvest through SRI Cultivation

ASSAM, INDIA: Paddy Farmers Reap Rich Harvest through SRI Cultivation | SRI-Rice Global News: March-April 2021 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

During May-June of 2020, the Seven Sisters Development Assistance (SeSTA) started training the villagers of Modhupur in System of Rice Intensification (SRI) methods and the use of homemade organic pesticides and fertilizers. SRI was a new concept in this remote village in Baksa district of Assam, and hence farmers were skeptical and found it risky to adopt. Already bogged by the lockdown, they did not want to take any chances. During the harvesting, Asrita Kerketta noted, “I thought this year my paddy crop would be wasted as I never imagined a single seedling could produce 40 to 50 tillers. I now wish I had cultivated my entire land using SRI method. Next year I will definitely use my entire land for SRI paddy cultivation.” The families that cultivated paddy using SRI method for the first time got a minimum for 40% increase in yield.

SRI-Rice's insight:

SeSTA also produced a video about this program: System of Rice Intensification | SeSTA's Intervention | Northeast India | Assam. Another SeSTA video on SRI produced in 2019 shows SRI progress elsewhere in Assam. This second video has English subtitles: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dsf2RQ1q10E

 

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KASHMIR, INDIA: Rice iCrop - Intercropping Rice and Legumes

This video talks about the intercropping of legumes in rice cultivated under the System of Rice Intensification (SRI). Intercropping leads to an increase in the nutrient uptake in the rice plants and better plant growth. The field experiments in Kashmir resulted in higher yields and increase in the net income of farmers by about 57%.

Download the book here: https://tore.tuhh.de/handle/11420/8769
Online Interactive Lecture: https://www.ruvival.de/sri-with-intercropping/

SRI-Rice's insight:

This video and book are based on Tavseef Shah's dissertation research at the Hamburg University of Technology in Germany.

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SENEGAL: Comparative Analysis of Rice Performance and Profitability with the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) and Traditional Practices (TP) in Ziguinchor District

SENEGAL: Comparative Analysis of Rice Performance and Profitability with the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) and Traditional Practices (TP) in Ziguinchor District | SRI-Rice Global News: March-April 2021 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

The "System of Rice Intensification" (SRI) represents a sustainable alternative to improve household yields and incomes. This study aimed to evaluate the yields and the profitability of the SRI and the Traditional Practices (TP) in Ziguinchor district, Senegal... 18 producers in the Badiate, Essyl, and Fanda sites were involved in direct trials and an individual questionnaire was randomly administered to 55 producers using at least one of the systems to collect data on rice production and costs. The yield and yield parameters, including the number of fertile tillers per m2, the number of spikes, and the weight of 1000 grains, are significantly higher (p<0.05) with SRI compared to the traditional system. Transplanting density and plant duration are higher in TP (26±5.6 plants/m2 and 26 days) than in SRI (16±0.4 plants/m2 and 16 days). The lower the transplanting density, the higher the yield parameters and the yield. The economic profitability, determined based on the benefit/cost ratio, is higher in SRI (1.5) than in TP (1.2). The SRI required a lot of technicality in its implementation and generated more cost of production. However, SRI was more productive and economically more profitable than the traditional system.

SRI-Rice's insight:

Diedhiou, Pierre C.C. 2021. Intensification (SRI) and traditional practices (TP) in Ziguinchor District, Senegal. Forestry & Agriculture Review 2(1): 22-36. doi:10.47285/far.v2i1.64

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MALI:  From West Africa, Here Comes the Next Miracle Grain: Fonio

MALI:  From West Africa, Here Comes the Next Miracle Grain: Fonio | SRI-Rice Global News: March-April 2021 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

Fonio may be Africa’s oldest cultivated cereal crop, with an ancient lineage going back more than 5,000 years. Because it matures quickly rural communities have long counted on fonio to bridge the lean season between harvests. Now, a research project carried out by Cornell’s Climate-Resilient Farming Systems (CRFS) program and the NGO 3-A Sahel in Mali has found that, after two years of study, farmers in the Mopti region almost doubled their yields of fonio by adapting System of Rice Intensification (SRI) principles.

 

Significantly less seed was needed (12 kilograms per hectare compared to 20) and plants were taller, stronger and had more tillers, or shoots, sprouting off from the main stem to produce more seeds. Yolélé Foods, which is determined to bring fonio to a wider audience, is helping fonio farmers wilth better milling technology and marketing.

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CAMEROON: SRI-Related Productivity Increase Contributes to Food Security in Conflict Areas in Northwest Cameroon

CAMEROON: SRI-Related Productivity Increase Contributes to Food Security in Conflict Areas in Northwest Cameroon | SRI-Rice Global News: March-April 2021 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

In March 2021, Chia Benard (Ben) Ful, coordinator of the local NGO BARUDEV in the northwest Cameroon community of Mbueni, Boyo division, reported on the performance of BARUDEV’s SRI progress. Many farmers have more than doubled their yield with SRI methods; the field at left yielded two bags where previously less than one bag was obtained. And only 3-5 kg of seed was used vs 20 kg, a substantial and important saving. Because of the ongoing armed conflict in the region, markets have been disrupted; rice in the market is scarce and more costly. Most households are now subsistence producers. Any rice that is not needed as seed can be saved for household consumption in a rather dire situation of food insecurity. Ben writes, “With the crisis and Covid affecting us, better rice production can reduce hunger and poverty and also reduce malnutrition in children and those displaced by the armed conflict. We need to extend SRI into many communities as the demand for rice keeps increasing...

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BHUTAN: SRI Project Visit in Marangdut

BHUTAN: SRI Project Visit in Marangdut | SRI-Rice Global News: March-April 2021 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

While it's still a bit too early to know the exact results of the new System of Rice Intensification (SRI), we did get some interesting news on our most recent trip to Marangdut to visit the SRI program's farmers...

 

During our visit, we spoke to several villagers in the area who reported an armyworm infestation on their paddies. An infestation like this will likely cause a noticeably lower rice yield at harvest affecting both economic and food sustainability in the region. However, the fields participating in the SRI program, which were applied with a bio-pesticide made from natural elements like cow dung, were unaffected by the armyworm and are nearly ready for harvest.

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IRAQ: System of Rice Intensification -- SRI

SRI presentation by Khidhir Abbas Hameed delivered at a webinar (Dec. 8-9, 2020) on Sustainable Rice Production organized by the Central & West Asian Rice Center. Follow-up activities are being planned by the Center.

SRI-Rice's insight:

For more information on SRI in Iraq, see the Iraq page maintained by SRI-Rice at http://sri.cals.cornell.edu/countries/iraq/. See CWARice's Sustainable Rice Production webinar page for more about the two-day event.

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TANZANIA: Celebrating Sustainable Agriculture on International Day of Forests

TANZANIA: Celebrating Sustainable Agriculture on International Day of Forests | SRI-Rice Global News: March-April 2021 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

African Wildlife Foundation (AWF)-supported farmers in Kilombero are adopting conservation-friendly practices that boost agricultural yield and prevent deforestation. One of the biggest drivers of forest degradation in Africa is agriculture. As human populations grow and the demand for food increases, we are forced to clear more trees to make way for farmland. ...But the trade-off between forests and food is false. A community in Southern Tanzania is leading the way in embracing a new way of farming that not only protects the precious remaining forest resources, it also improves their incomes.

Dorotea Simo Magina has been a farmer for 12 years. The 30-year-old mother of three lives in Kilombero District where she farms rice on two acres of land. For the past two years, she has been practicing a different kind of farming dubbed System of Rice Intensification. Using fewer seeds and less water, Dorotea has managed to more than triple her harvest.

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IRAN: Effect of Rice-Duck Co-Cultivation on Rice Yield, Water Productivity and Weed Control in Different Cultivation Systems

IRAN: Effect of Rice-Duck Co-Cultivation on Rice Yield, Water Productivity and Weed Control in Different Cultivation Systems | SRI-Rice Global News: March-April 2021 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

با توجه به نتایج این مطالعه، انجام یک بار وجین دستی اولیه جهت کنترل بهتر علف‌های هرز غالب در نظام کشت برنج SRIهمراه با پرورش750 قطعه اردک در هکتار می‌تواند برای بهبود نظام تولید برنج و افزایش بهره‌وری آب در شالیزارهای گیلان مناسب باشد.

Rice-duck cultivation could be effective for weed control as well as reducing environmental pollution which is caused by herbicides and providing the development of environmentally-friendly agriculture.

English summary of conclusions: In general, duck use increased plant growth, improved performance of rice, and finally increased rice yield by proper weed control in the field with muddy water and beaks, as well as adding manure to the paddy field. According to the results of this study, probably it is appropriate to use the SRI rice cultivation system, doing an initial hand weeding to control dominant weeds and stocking 750 ducks per ha to improve rice production and to increase water productivity in rice fields of Guilan province in Iran.

SRI-Rice's insight:

[The article is in Farsi language.] Ghanaei-Pashaki, K.Mansour. 2020. Effect of rice-duck co-cultivation on rice yield, water productivity and weed control in different cultivation systems. Iranian Journal of Field Crops Research. 18(3): 341-355. doi: 10.22067/gsc.v18i3.86497

[see English translation on the SRI-Rice Iran page]

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TANZANIA: Comparison of Silicon Status in Rice Grown Under the System of Rice Intensification and Flooding Regime in Mkindo Irrigation Scheme, Morogoro, Tanzania

TANZANIA: Comparison of Silicon Status in Rice Grown Under the System of Rice Intensification and Flooding Regime in Mkindo Irrigation Scheme, Morogoro, Tanzania | SRI-Rice Global News: March-April 2021 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

Silicon (Si), the second most abundant element available in the earth's crust, is a beneficial element for rice crop growth. A study was conducted in Mkindo irrigation scheme, Mvomero District, Morogoro, Tanzania, to assess the Silicon status in rice grown under the System of Rice Intensification and continuous flooding at various growth stages. The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design (RCBD): T1 was alternate wetting and drying using SRI and T2 was continuous flooding; treatments  were replicated three times with variety SARO 5 (TXD 306). ... Si content in rice seeds observed prior to the experiment was 6.76%. Si content in rice grains gradually increased during reproductive stage and later dropped during harvest. Si content in rice plant leaves increased significantly from vegetative to ripening stage whereby the highest Si content was recorded in T1 (12.37%) while T2 recorded the lowest value (10.15%). The authors concluded that the alternate wetting and drying field conditions enhances adequate uptake of Si compared to continuous flooding practices.

SRI-Rice's insight:

H. F. Gowele, F.C. Mahoo, and F.C. Kahimba. 2020. Comparison of silicon status in rice grown under the System of Rice Intensification and flooding regime in Mkindo Irrigation Scheme, Morogoro, Tanzania. Tanzania Journal of Agricultural Sciences 19(2): 216-226

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Compatible package-based agriculture systems: an urgent need for agro-ecological balance and climate change adaptation

Compatible package-based agriculture systems: an urgent need for agro-ecological balance and climate change adaptation | SRI-Rice Global News: March-April 2021 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

This article covers some emergent agronomic practices adopted in the tropical agro-ecosystems that have the potential to be developed as compatible agricultural package in combination. It also explores some key indicators/environmental factors to assess the compatibility of different agronomic practices. For identifying the research transition from single to combined agricultural practices, a bibliometric analysis was performed by using conservation agriculture (CA), the system of rice intensification (SRI), organic agriculture and soil (biochar) amendment as the major agronomic practices being used for improving agro-ecological services such as improving nutrient cycling, soil fertility and crop productivity as well as climate change mitigation. The results revealed that scientific communities are now paying attention to exploring the role of combined agricultural practices for agro-ecological balance and climate change adaptation. The limitations of adopting agronomic packages under different agro-climatic zones have also been highlighted.

SRI-Rice's insight:

R. Singh, T. Kumari, P. Verma, et al. 2021. Compatible package-based agriculture systems: an urgent need for agro-ecological balance and climate change adaptation. Soil Ecology Letters (online first April 28, 2021) doi:10.1007/s42832-021-0087-1

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TAMIL NADU, INDIA: A New Style of Growing Rice

TAMIL NADU, INDIA: A New Style of Growing Rice | SRI-Rice Global News: March-April 2021 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

The “System of Rice Intensification (SRI),” is a way to raise rice which involves the management of seedlings, weeds, and more. See how V. Ravichandran, a farmer in India and member of the Global Farmer Network uses SRI on his farm in this video. [Don't forget to click on the BBC video that accompanies the item about drip irrigation and SRI.]

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System of Rice Intensification - Videos and Audiofiles

System of Rice Intensification - Videos and Audiofiles | SRI-Rice Global News: March-April 2021 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

Find dozens of videos about the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) in the SRI-Rice video library!  These Include various types of SRI equipment, instructional material, country-based programs, and more! And we have collections in over 15 languages! Or, go directly to our SRI playlists on YouTube (though this will not include other formats).

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NIGERIA: SRI-- The Zamfara Rice Farming Experience

One of a series of short videos on the System of Rice Intensification in Zamfara State, Nigeria, produced by the National Agricultural Extension and Research Liaison Services (NAERLS), which is working collaboratively with the Institute of Agricultural Research (IAR) and the Centre for Agricultural Mechanization (NCAM) on the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) activities in this World Bank-sponsored project of Transforming Irrigation Management in Nigeria (TRIMING) in Zamfara State.

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SE ASIA: Food Security and Climate-Smart Agriculture in the Lower Mekong Basin of Southeast Asia: Evaluating Impacts of System of Rice Intensification with Special Reference to Rainfed Agriculture

SE ASIA: Food Security and Climate-Smart Agriculture in the Lower Mekong Basin of Southeast Asia: Evaluating Impacts of System of Rice Intensification with Special Reference to Rainfed Agriculture | SRI-Rice Global News: March-April 2021 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

...The findings reported here derive from a regional collaborative project (http://www.sri-lmb.ait.asia/). More than 15,000 farmers participated in the field trials located in 33 districts of 11 provinces in the Lower-Mekong-Basin (LMB). The number of experiments conducted was more than 1,500. Project data show that System of Rice Intensification practices helped to improve conditions across the LMB region. Average rice yield increased by 52%, net economic returns were raised by 70%. Labour productivity increased by 64%; water productivity by 61%; and the efficiency of mineral fertilizer-use rose by 163%. The total energy input required for farming operations was decreased by 34%, while emissions of greenhouse gas were significantly reduced, by 14% with irrigated rice production, and by 17% per-hectare in rainfed cropping.The results of this farmer-participatory research characterize climate-smart agricultural practices that can promote household-food-security and support market-oriented development at low cost, especially in rainfed areas.

SRI-Rice's insight:

Mishra, Abha, Jan Willem Ketelaar, Norman Uphoff and Max Whitten. 2021. Food security and climate-smart agriculture in the lower Mekong basin of Southeast Asia: evaluating impacts of system of rice intensification with special reference to rainfed agriculture. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability doi: 10.1080/14735903.2020.1866852. NOTE: The full text article is available by subscription, purchase, or by joining the SRI Research Network. (Contact SRI-Rice for details.)

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A Celebration of Women, Water, and Rice – Interview with Emily Sutanto

A Celebration of Women, Water, and Rice – Interview with Emily Sutanto | SRI-Rice Global News: March-April 2021 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

To celebrate International Women’s Day, March 8, and World Water Day, March 22, we want to share some insights from  Emily’s personal journey and why changing rice production to more regenerative practices...

For the Java area, usually to produce rice using non-SRI methods, it takes between 3000-4000 liters of water to grow 1 kilo of rice. Using SRI, we only need about 750 liters of water per kilo of rice.  This is a dramatic difference. 

... SRI is definitely more women friendly.  Because it uses 90% less seedlings with single seedlings planted wider apart, women can save time when planting.  The time saved is used to gather food for their animals which are valuable sources for compost and extra income.  Now they can expand their livestock numbers. Also, the women have less skin disease because they are not working in flooded fields and have fewer cases of malaria. 
 
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TELANGANA, INDIA: Integrated Assessment of System of Rice Intensification vs. Conventional Method of Transplanting for Economic Benefit, Energy Efficiency and Lower Global Warming Potential in India

TELANGANA, INDIA: Integrated Assessment of System of Rice Intensification vs. Conventional Method of Transplanting for Economic Benefit, Energy Efficiency and Lower Global Warming Potential in India | SRI-Rice Global News: March-April 2021 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

There is a close relationship among agriculture, economics, energy and the environment. A comparison was made between conventional and the system of rice intensification (SRI) methods of rice cultivation by conducting two experiments. One field experiment was conducted from 2013 to 2017 at 25 locations across India under the All India Coordinated Rice Improvement Project and another experiment was conducted in 2017 using surveys from 262 randomly selected SRI farmers in Telangana state. The 5-year experimental data revealed that SRI methods produced higher rice grain yield (up to 55%); total costs of rice production with SRI were reduced by 22.71%; and break even output was reduced by 58.1%. Importantly, adoption of SRI also saved total energy inputs by 4350 MJ/ha and resulted in the lowest greenhouse gas emissions (0.280 kg CO2e/kg rice grain). Therefore, for ensuring higher productivity, net returns, energy efficiency and sustainable rice production the authors recommend adopting the environmentally-friendly SRI method of crop establishment in the Telangana region of India.

SRI-Rice's insight:

Nirmala, B., et al. 2021. Integrated assessment of system of rice intensification vs. conventional method of transplanting for economic benefit, energy efficiency and lower global warming potential in India. Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems, doi:10.1080/21683565.2020.1868648 [Full text requires subscription or purchase. You can also join the SRI Research Network or contact the author]

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VIETNAM: System of Rice Intensification Recognized for Climate Policy Impact

VIETNAM: System of Rice Intensification Recognized for Climate Policy Impact | SRI-Rice Global News: March-April 2021 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) has been named as a 2020 climate policy "breakthrough" for government initiatives in Vietnam to increase agricultural production there while reducing methane emissions from rice paddies. SRI was recognized by Apolitical, a peer-to-peer learning platform for sharing government policy ideas, as one of the most beneficial climate policies that can mitigate climate change or enable people to adapt to it successfully. The recognition is for projects worldwide that have demonstrated their potential for scalable, effective change.

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Can Agriculture Overcome Its Own Water Problems?

Can Agriculture Overcome Its Own Water Problems? | SRI-Rice Global News: March-April 2021 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

Agriculture uses 70% of the world’s freshwater supplies. Extreme weather events are on the rise, and drought is as well [...]. To grow just a single kilo of rice takes 5000 litres of water, and it accounts for over a third of the water used in agriculture. The problem isn’t just the amount of water this crop uses, but also production of methane, a massive greenhouse gas. In fact, 20% of all methane on the planet comes from paddy fields, and rice is the number one crop for greenhouse gas emissions...

 ...*India*-- Ravichandran Vanchinathan, is using the method called the System of Rice Intensification (SRI), [SEE VIDEO: https://tinyurl.com/1mn3m5hr] which not only uses less fresh water, but also improves yield. “Many farmers, because of water scarcity, have given up rice cultivation, thinking it’s a water guzzler. But, it’s a myth. In SRI, we don’t irrigate the field as often, only as and when it’s needed... and we use 30-40% less water. Rotating wet and dry periods also means the plant roots get more oxygen, which helps them thrive... Remarkably, the SRI method appears to be producing more rice even though it uses fewer plants and less water. If paddy field alternatives like SRI or drip irrigation were rolled out across the globe, the water savings could be immense and the reduction in greenhouse gas game-changing...

SRI-Rice's insight:

Here is a short, excellent BBC video of Ravichandran Vanchinathan who is featured in this article: https://tinyurl.com/1mn3m5hr.  The info in this video and the above article is from the BBC series "Follow the Food."

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