AP human geography
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Rescooped by Jacqueline Garcia pd1 from BIODIVERSITY IS LIFE –
onto AP human geography

Unit 3: Unprecedented study: Language and Culture Disappear with Western Development and Globalization

Unit 3: Unprecedented study:  Language and Culture Disappear with Western Development and Globalization | AP human geography | Scoop.it

   -▶  BIODIVERSITY AND SUSTAINABILITY ARE CLOSELY LINKED TO SURVIVAL OF LANGUAGE AND CULTURE. An unprecedented study published by Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Loss of global biological and cultural diversity paints a dire picture of the state and future of our species. The world’s animal and plant species are disappearing 1,000 times faster than ever in recorded history. Some areas of the world have lost 60 percent of their languages since the mid-1970’s, and 90 percent of the world’s languages are expected to vanish by the year 2099. Life, in general, has suffered horribly from the runaway spread of European values and the notions of progress that began with the Industrial Revolution. A sharp bit of mathematics finally brings forth the maps that expose the poverty of the world’s major carbon emitters and the wealth that remains in those parts of the world where the indigenous are making their final stand....http://newsjunkiepost.com/2012/10/11/biodiversity-and-sustainability-are-closely-linked-to-language-and-culture/



The Ecologist, March 1-, 2015
-▶ ANTHROPOLOGY IS SO IMPORTANT, ALL CHILDREN SHOULD LEARN IT http://www.theecologist.org/campaigning/2778425/anthropology_is_so_important_all_children_should_learn_it.html



                                 "LANGUAGE MATTERS" 1:49:18

                    Winner of the Grand Festival Award for Documentary

               at the 23rd Annual Berkeley Video and Film Festival 2014

"Language Matters" asks what we lose when languages die and how we can save them. It was filmed around the world: on a remote island off the coast of Australia, where 400 Aboriginal people speak 10 different languages, all at risk; in Wales, where Welsh, once in danger, is today making a comeback; and in Hawaii, where a group of Hawaiian activists is fighting to save the native tongue. http://video.pbs.org/video/2365391566/

                        WEBSITE "Language Matters" with Bob Holman

What do we lose when a language dies? What does it take to save a language? There are over 6000 languages in the whole world. We lose one every two weeks. Hundreds will be lost within the next generation. By the end of this century, half of the world’s languages will have vanished.



Science AAAS, September 02, 2014
-▶ LANGUAGES ARE BEING WIPED OUT BY ECONOMIC GROWTH AND GLOBALIZATION http://news.sciencemag.org/brain-behavior/2014/09/languages-are-being-wiped-out-economic-growth


Guardian Environment, June 07, 2014
 ▶  AS FORESTS FALL AND SPECIES VANISH, THERE'S ONE OTHER LOSS:  A WORLD OF LANGUAGE: A new report shows a direct link between disappearing habitats and the loss of languages. One in four of the world's 7,000 spoken tongues is now at risk of falling silent for ever as the threat to cultural biodiversity grows http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/jun/08/why-we-are-losing-a-world-of-languages

VIA... Centre for Environmental Change & Human Resilience, University of Dundee http://www.dundee.ac.uk/centres/cechr/



Embassy of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela in the U.S. , October 14, -▶ 2014 VENEZUELA TO CREATE INSTITUTE FOR INDIGENOUS LANGUAGES. Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro announced Monday the creation of the Institute for Indigenous Languages in order to rescue the culture of native peoples.  http://venezuela-us.org/2014/10/14/venezuela-to-create-institute-for-indigenous-languages/


Peak Prosperity, October 12, 2014
▶ RICHARD GOULD: LEARNING FROM ANCIENT HUMAN CULTURES: Were they happier than we are? http://www.peakprosperity.com/podcast/87967/richard-gould-learning-ancient-human-cultures


Mongabay, February 11, 2014
▶ HELPING THE AMAZON'S JAGUAR PEOPLE PROTECT THEIR CULTURE AND TRADITIONAL WISDOM. The process of acculturation transformed once proud cultures into fragmented remnants, their self-sufficiency and social cohesion stripped away, left to struggle in a new world marked by poverty and external dependence. ...
Read more at http://news.mongabay.com/2014/0211-matses-fleck-interview.html


                                          Yale Environment 360

                         INTO THE HEART OF ECUADOR'S YASUNI

                           A PENDING CORPORATE OIL PLUNDER



Natural News, March 02, 2015



The Ecologist, February 06, 2015



June 3, 2013 Culture Collapse Disorder

 ▶  WHAT IS CULTURE COLLAPSE DISORDER? ECOPSYCHOPATHY AND THE END OF CULTURE AS WE KNOW IT http://www.culturecollapsedisorder.com/blog/what-is-culture-collapse-disorder-ecopsychopathy-and-the-end-of-culture-as-we-know-it/






-▶ THE VANISHING CULTURES PROJECT: The Vanishing Cultures Project is devoted to assisting indigenous, traditional groups preserve their culture by documenting their lifestyle through photography and research, assisting local preservation initiatives, and educating the public

In this era of rapid change, indigenous communities with rich cultural heritages urgently need the world’s attention. Anthropologists estimate that every two weeks a tribal elder dies with the last remaining knowledge of his or her people’s language, and along with them dies many other living expressions—the crafts, skills, beliefs, lore—of a unique heritage... http://www.vcproject.org


Cultural Survival
▶ ECOCIDE OR GENOCIDE? THE ONGE IN THE ANDAMAN ISLANDS http://www.culturalsurvival.org/ourpublications/csq/article/ecocide-or-genocide-the-onge-andaman-islands


The Independent, October 13, 2014



                                              Global Alliance



National Geographic - Special Report:
▶ BIODIVERSITY AND CULTURAL TRADITION http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2011/02/110223-biodiversity-moorea-biocode/


One Green Planet, February 18, 2015
▶ THE SURPRISING EFFECT BEING DISCONNECTED FROM NATURE HAS ON OUR HEALTH AND WELL-BEING  http://www.onegreenplanet.org/environment/natural-world-impact-on-human-health-and-well-being/


Vox, February 23, 2015
▶ THE US's CENTURY-LONG DESTRUCTION OF NATIVE AMERICAN LAND, IN ONE ANIMATED MAP  http://www.vox.com/2015/2/23/8090157/native-american-theft


HuffPost Arts and Culture, February 18, 2015
▶ PHOTOS OF MONGOLIA'S DESERTIFICATION REVEAL SHOCKING EFFECTS OF CHANGING CLIMATE.  To this day, at least 25% of Mongolia's population lives a nomadic life, and in doing so, they remain fiercely dependent on open land for survival. However, due to the fluctuation in climate in recent years, changes to the landscape have rendered this lifestyle difficult, if not impossible, to maintain. Over the course of the past 30 years, approximately a quarter of the country has turned to desert, with around 850 lakes and 2,000 rivers having dried out. If this pattern persists, the Mongolian tradition that's existed for thousands of years will become extinct.  http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2015/02/10/daesung-lee_n_6648868.html


International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs (IWGIA), November 2014
Non-Carbon Benefits in REDD+

▶ NON-CARBON BENEFITS ARE CRITICAL FOR INDIGENOUS PEOPLES CONTINUED SURVIVAL AND FUTURE GENERATIONS, as their identities, livelihoods and cultural heritage are historically rooted in their forests that are part of their traditional territories. It is therefore necessary and imperative to ensure the recognition of indigenous peoples’ collective rights to their forest, land and resources as part of the human rights framework in approaches to Non-Carbon Benefits as well as to the overall design and implementation of REDD+. Likewise, incentivizing Non-Carbon Benefits should take into account the historical role of indigenous peoples and, in particular, indigenous women in forest protection and conservation with a view of providing for their needs and priorities for their overall wellbeing. http://www.iwgia.org/publications/search-pubs?publication_id=700


                           BETWEEN THE FOREST AND THE SEA


                                                3-PART SERIES

The island-dwelling Guna people of Panama are one of the most sovereign indigenous communities in the world, being endowed with extensive land tenure and self-governance rights. And like many of the world’s traditional cultures, they have a tiny carbon footprint...


                                     THE YARSUISUIT PART II

Thanks in part to their exceptional sovereignty and land tenure, the Guna have preserved their primary forests for hundreds of years through their cooperative use of the land and their cultural and spiritual traditions rooted in conservation.


Washington Post, November 03, 2014
 -▶ GUARDIANS OF LIFE:  THE INDIGENOUS WOMEN FIGHTING OIL EXPLOITATION IN THE AMAZON  http://www.washingtonpost.com/news/in-sight/wp/2014/11/03/3211/indigenous-women-fighting-oil-amazon/


Guardian, May 02, 2014
 -▶ NEANDERTHALS AREN'T THE GRUNTING, CLUB-WIELDING IDIOTS - WE ARE http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2014/may/02/neanderthals-arent-grunting-club-wielding-idiots-stereotype


OpEd News, August 16, 2014
-▶ SHIFTING FROM A PATRIARCHAL TO AN EARTH CENTRIC PARADIGM http://www.opednews.com/articles/Shifting-from-a-Patriarcha-by-Anthony-J-Gerst-Earth-Policy-Institute_Existentialism_Gaia_Paradigm-Shifts-140816-107.html



                      Intercontinental Cry Magazine, April 19, 2014
                             RESISTING 'THE FOREIGN TENTACLE'
The story of the last of the Kuna people, and their struggle to maintain its culture in a quickly developing country. http://intercontinentalcry.org/resisting-foreign-tentacle/


Care2 Causes, July 18, 2014
-▶ 5 REMOTE CULTURES FROM AROUND THE GLOBE http://www.care2.com/causes/5-remote-cultures-from-around-the-globe.html


Intercontinental Cry Magazine, June 27, 2014
▶  NICARAGUA'S MAYAGNA PEOPLE AND THEIR RAINFOREST COULD VANISH – More than 30,000 members of the Mayagna indigenous community are in danger of disappearing, along with the rainforest which is their home in Nicaragua, if the state fails to take immediate action to curb the destruction of the Bosawas Biosphere Reserve, the largest forest reserve in Central America and the third-largest in the world.  http://intercontinentalcry.org/nicaraguas-mayagna-people-rainforest-vanish-24439/


InterPress Service, September 08, 2014

 -▶ MEXICO'S COCOPAH PEOPLE REFUSE TO DISAPPEAR http://www.ipsnews.net/2014/09/mexicos-cocopah-people-refuse-to-disappear/


The Independent, July 2, 2014
 -▶ "LOST" TRIBE RETURNS TO THE RAINFOREST DESPITE THREAT OF VIOLENCE AND INTRODUCED DISEASES. First-world illness and drug traffickers infiltrate an isolated people  http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/lost-tribe-returns-to-the-rainforest-despite-the-threat-of-violence-and-disease-9616935.html






Mother Nature Network, January 29, 2015
▶ 7 CULTURAL CONCEPTS WE DON'T HAVE IN THE U.S. Perhaps one of these ideas will inspire you to think differently in your day-to-day life http://www.mnn.com/lifestyle/arts-culture/blogs/7-cultural-concepts-we-dont-have-in-the-us


The Ecologist, January 31, 2015
 ▶ THE WAY OF THE WHITE CLOUD. In search for alternatives to consumerism and industrialism http://www.theecologist.org/green_green_living/2680647/the_way_of_the_white_cloud.html


Guardian, December 30, 2014, John Vidal
 ▶  'PEOPLE IN THE WEST LIVE SQUEEZED TOGETHER, FRENZIED AS WASPS IN THE NEST' An indigenous Yanomami leader and shaman from Brazil shares his views on wealth, the environment and politics



Earthblog, August 04, 2014
 -▶  NEW SCIENCE SUGGESTS MORE LAND-BASED ECOSYSTEMS LOST THAN BIOSPHERE CAN BEAR An important scientific journal article published today finds that 66% of Earth’s land area must be maintained as natural and agro-ecological ecosystems to sustain a livable environment. Yet about 50% have already been lost, threatening global biosphere collapse  http://www.ecointernet.org/2014/08/04/biosphere_collapse/



                       THE NEW CORPORATE COLONIALISM.




▶ BOLIVIA GIVES LEGAL RIGHT TO THE EARTH. Law of Mother Earth sees Bolivia pilot new social and economic model based on protection of and respect for nature. Bolivia is to become the first country in the world to give nature comprehensive legal rights in an effort to halt climate change and the exploitation of the natural world, and to improve quality of life for the Bolivian people. http://sco.lt/9EV0jZ


Mongabay, August 11, 2014
 ▶ INDONESIA'S CHILDREN SEE RAVAGED ENVIRONMENT IN THEIR FUTURE. A generation ago, Borneo was one of the wildest places on the planet, a stronghold for species like orangutan, pygmy elephants, Sumatran rhinos, and clouded leopards among tens-of-thousands of other. But decades of logging and oil palm plantations has changed the landscape of Borneo forever: in fact a recent study found that the island has lost 73 percent of its intact lowland forest and 30 percent of its total forest cover since 1973. In the face of this large-scale environmental destruction, a new study in PLOS ONE finds that Indonesian Borneo's children have a pessimistic view of their future, predicting rising temperatures, wildlife declines, and continued destruction of the island's great rainforests. http://news.mongabay.com/2014/0811-hance-kalimantan-children.html


Intercontinental Cry Magazine, July 17, 2014

▶  INDIGENOUS MOUNTAIN FARMERS UNITE ON CLIMATE CHANGE AND RIGHT TO THEIR OWN SEED http://intercontinentalcry.org/indigenous-mountain-farmers-unite-climate-change-24793/



Mother Nature Network, January 28, 2014
-▶ MEET THE WOMAN WHO ELEVATED CONSERVATION/INDIGENOUS PHOTOGRAPHY TO A WHOLE NEW LEVEL  http://www.mnn.com/leaderboard/stories/meet-the-woman-who-elevated-conservation-photography-to-a-whole-new-level





-▶ THE 2013 FOREST PEOPLES PROGRAMME - ANNUAL REPORT http://www.forestpeoples.org/sites/fpp/files/publication/2014/07/fppannualreport2013-2.pdf




                               ERADICATING ECOCIDE AND GENOCIDE:

                Why Business Leaders Must Step Up To The Challenge



BBC News, June 05, 2014
-▶  U.N. URGES ACTION TO PROTECT FORESTS GENETIC DIVERSITY http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-27715552


Vanity Fair, December 2013
 -▶  THE AWA INDIANS OF AMAZONIAN BRAZIL:  THE MOST ENDANGERED TRIBE ON EARTH - Photos by  Sebastião Salgado http://www.vanityfair.com/culture/2013/12/awa-indians-endangered-amazon-tribe


National Post, March 21, 2014
 -▶  AS BURMA OPENS A PRISTINE 'LOST WORLD; OF 800 ISLANDS IN MERGUI ARCHIPELAGO, ENVIRONMENT, INDIGENOUS CULTURES UNDER THREAT  http://news.nationalpost.com/2014/03/21/as-burma-opens-itself-to-the-world-the-pristine-lost-world-of-800-islands-in-the-mergui-archipelago-is-under-threat/


                                              VIDEO EXPOSE: 

                                             "STEALING AFRICA" 




Guardian Environment, June 29, 2014
▶  PERU NOW HAS A 'LICENSE TO KILL' ENVIRONMENTAL PROTESTERS http://www.theguardian.com/environment/andes-to-the-amazon/2014/jun/29/peru-licence-to-kill-environmental-protestors


 Mongabay, May 14, 2014
▶  NEW REPORT REVEALS HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES BY CORPORATIONS, GOVERNMENTS IN THE AMAZON. The report took over six months to complete and gives an in-depth account of the conflicts activists and indigenous peoples (IPs) are having with corporations and governmental agencies. It relays a situation that does not look good.
The report details everything from physical attacks to “systematic pressure” by corporations and governments. According to the report, conflicts over land and territories have reached a ten-year peak in Brazil. In Peru, social conflicts have tripled since 2008, with two-thirds of the reported cases defined as “socioenvironmental” conflicts. http://news.mongabay.com/2014/0514-dulaney-regnskogfondet.html


First Peoples Worldwide
▶  NEW STUDY FINDS 94% OF U.S. EXTRACTIVE COMPANIES IGNORE RURAL AND INDIGENOUS COMMUNITY IMPACTS…INDIGENOUS RIGHTS RISK REPORT  http://firstpeoples.org/wp/new-study-finds-94-of-us-companies-ignore-rural-community-impacts/



 The Borgen Project, February 13, 2014





Intercontinental Cry Magazine, May 12, 2014

 ▶  MASS TRIAL OF INDIGENOUS LEADERS SET TO BEGIN THIS WEEK IN PERU http://intercontinentalcry.org/mass-trial-indigenous-leaders-set-begin-week-23042/




















                                     IN ONE SHORT VIDEO :







  farmlandgrab.org, May 07, 2014
-▶ WHEN OUR LAND IS FREE, WE'RE ALL FREE. Communities are resisting this corporate takeover of their land and they are winning. All over Africa people are sending a clear message to their governments; stop selling Africa to corporations. The Jogbahn Clan in Liberia is one such community and here is their story. http://farmlandgrab.org/post/view/23469


Intercontinental Cry Magazine, December 24, 2013
▶ BOLIVIA'S INDIGENOUS FUTURE:  A BALANCE OF PRESERVATION, PROTECTION AND CONNECTION http://intercontinentalcry.org/bolivias-indigenous-future-a-balance-of-preservation-protection-and-connection-21527/




 March 23, 3012 -  The Ecologist


-▶  MAYBE IN 100 YEARS THERE WILL BE NO MORE HUMANS ON THE PLANET   http://www.scoop.it/t/environmental-and-human-health/p/1474669518/thich-nhat-hanh-maybe-in-100-years-there-will-be-no-more-humans-on-the-planet-the-ecologist


The Atlantic, April 30, 2014
 ▶ THE PERUVIAN WOMAN WHO BREAKS MEGA-DAMS http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2014/04/the-woman-who-fights-dams/361352/



                      -▶  DAMS, ECOCIDE AND WATER RIGHTS -▶ 

                                BIG MONEY DRIVES EXTINCTION

             Indigenous Communities, EcoSystems, Forests Devastated






Reuters: August 29, 2013

  -▶  COLUMBIA DISPLACEMENT: Thousands die and tens of thousands are displaced every year by a conflict that started in the mid-1960s as a Marxist-inspired uprising about inequality, land redistribution and poverty. It has gradually turned into a seemingly interminable war that has disrupted life in rural villages and remote indigenous and Afro-Colombian communities, creating urban slums. http://www.trust.org/spotlight/Colombia-displacement/?tab=background


  -▶  THE NOMADIC HERDERS OF MONGOLIA http://www.vcproject.org/projects/mongolia/



                                         "REMEMBERING GREEN"

     Award Winning Documentary on Indonesian Deforestation Ecocide


















                  "INSIDE THE GARBAGE OF THE WORLD" (80 min)
We're living on a beautiful planet and as a human race we've been here for thousands of years. Our planet didn't need to be protected; life was flourishing on its own, with its own agenda. However for the past 100 years we've made a tremendous impact with our footprint due to the growth of world population and the industrialization of our everyday life. Economy, profit and capitalization became more important than respecting our planet and an ancient knowledge to advance a new way of life. http://topdocumentaryfilms.com/inside-garbage-world/


                                                -- WATCH --

                                                     "HOME" -

                                  An Exquisite Story of Our World







                          AN URGENT MEMO TO THE WORLD

                                       The Natural Eye Project






Via pdjmoo
Jacqueline Garcia pd1's insight:

In this scoop i noticed many key points including, acculturation, placelessness, loss of language, and groups of indigenous people. We can see the acculturation since through the years languages, animal species and traditions have started disappearing 1000 times faster.Soon 90% of all languages will be gone. This will lead to loss of uniqueness and inevitably placelessness among the world. The reason why languages are being lost is because these indigenous people want  to take the opportunity to get a higher level education and end up leaving their homes. Also they could be out on reserves and are confined to a certain area with many restrictions. If we continue this pattern we will lose the diverse groups in the world. 

pdjmoo's curator insight, November 4, 2014 4:31 AM



▶FOREST PEOPLES PROGRAMME http://www.forestpeoples.org/

 ▶INTER PRESS SERVICE - INDIGENOUS RIGHTS http://www.ipsnews.net/news/human-rights/indigenous-rights/

 ▶VIA SURVIVAL INTERNATIONAL http://www.survivalinternational.org/news/8626

 ▶LA VIA CAMPESINA - The International Peasants Voice http://viacampesina.org/en/

 ▶INDIGENOUS PEOPLES ISSUES AND RESOURCES  http://indigenouspeoplesissues.com/

 ▶INTERNATIONAL CRY MAGAZINE - Essential News and Film On World's Indigenous People


 ▶INDIGENOUS ENVIRONMENTAL NETWORK  http://www.ienearth.org/

 ▶CULTURAL SURVIVAL http://www.culturalsurvival.org/


Indigenous for global development news & analysis http://www.scidev.net/global/governance/indigenous/



Ethan Bernick's curator insight, March 22, 2015 10:33 PM

This scoop explains the rate at which the worlds languages are disappearing and how many languages have been lost. It compares the languages of the world to endangered species, being found in less and less areas. 

Charline's curator insight, August 10, 2015 9:58 AM



▶FOREST PEOPLES PROGRAMME http://www.forestpeoples.org/

 ▶INTER PRESS SERVICE - INDIGENOUS RIGHTS http://www.ipsnews.net/news/human-rights/indigenous-rights/

 ▶VIA SURVIVAL INTERNATIONAL http://www.survivalinternational.org/news/8626

 ▶LA VIA CAMPESINA - The International Peasants Voice http://viacampesina.org/en/

 ▶INDIGENOUS PEOPLES ISSUES AND RESOURCES  http://indigenouspeoplesissues.com/

 ▶INTERNATIONAL CRY MAGAZINE - Essential News and Film On World's Indigenous People


 ▶INDIGENOUS ENVIRONMENTAL NETWORK  http://www.ienearth.org/

 ▶CULTURAL SURVIVAL http://www.culturalsurvival.org/


Indigenous for global development news & analysis http://www.scidev.net/global/governance/indigenous/



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Rescooped by Jacqueline Garcia pd1 from Ap Human Geography Units - Chris Plummer

Unit 5- GMO Facts

Unit 5- GMO Facts | AP human geography | Scoop.it
Frequently Asked Questions What are GMOs? GMOs (or “genetically modified organisms”) are living organisms whose genetic material has been artificially m

Via Chris Plummer
Jacqueline Garcia pd1's insight:

In this article it is conveyed to the reader that most of these GMO'S are contaminated with herbicides and pesticides which are very harmful to humans. Also these can damage the environment in many ways. In my opinion it is too late for us to really stop the use of GMOs but we can control how we preserve our environment and also we can come up with more ways to eliminate harmful organisms. 

Chris Plummer's curator insight, May 26, 2015 1:16 AM

Summary- GMOs are living organisms, which their genetic code has been manipulated through genetic engineering. Anti- GMO critics say that GMOs propose violation on the environment, peoples heath, and consumer rights. Many countries have banned GMOs within their borders due to these reasons. The use of GMOs often involves chemicals cause people and environmental heath issues. Also, many GMO food products are not labeled potentially providing a risk to the customer. 


Insight- In unit 5, we study the effects of the green revolution. GMOs play a big factor into this study. We know the advancement of technology and how that plays into agriculture. In this case, technology has brought it self to a whole new level. Knowing and studying the advancement of agriculture plays a big role in the advancement of the world for future generations. It determines the heath and well being of humans and the rest of the living things on earth.  

Savannah Rains's curator insight, May 27, 2015 1:35 AM

GMO's are genetically modified foods or crops that are modified to produce bigger fruit, have higher yields, and grow year- round. This article is useful because it answers common questions people want to know about GMO's, because the reality is that not many humans are awake of the franken foods they are consuming. Gmo's are not labeled and often kept secret from consumers because they might not eat the modified foods if they knew what it was really made of. 

Ryan Tibari's curator insight, May 27, 2015 9:53 AM

More in depth about GMO's. As a society we are still unsure as to what the effects of these genetically modified organisms are, but scientists continue to study and develop information regarding them, in hope for an eventual answer. 

Rescooped by Jacqueline Garcia pd1 from Global Affairs & Human Geography Digital Knowledge Source

Unit 3 : Is This A Mosque, Or A Kaleidoscope?

Unit 3 : Is This A Mosque, Or A Kaleidoscope? | AP human geography | Scoop.it

From the outside, the Nasir al-Mulk Mosque in Shiraz, Iran, seems like a fairly traditional house of worship -- but it's hiding a gorgeously colorful secret.

Via Allison Anthony
Jacqueline Garcia pd1's insight:

In this article it talks about the traditional colours and designs of mosques and how they are known for their intricate  designs. 

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Rescooped by Jacqueline Garcia pd1 from Geography & Current Events

Unit 6: This map shows which is the deadliest infectious disease where you live

Unit 6: This map shows which is the deadliest infectious disease where you live | AP human geography | Scoop.it
'Tuberculosis' and 'AIDS' aren't trending on Twitter, but they probably should be.

Via Mr. David Burton
Jacqueline Garcia pd1's insight:

In this article it discusses the number one causes of death within the continents and shows how the ebola outbreak does not compare to these diseases.

Savannah Rains's curator insight, March 24, 2015 12:19 AM

This article was written to depict the worlds most deadly diseases. Popular assumption about world diseases is that HIV/AIDS is only bad in Africa, when we think of aids we typically think of Africa. When using examining skills to further look at the geospatial data that this map gives, the observer can see that these diseases are everywhere and are killing a lot more people than you think. The world health organization gathered up the data to create this educational map for the public to finally realize that more attention should be paid to the pressing issues of the world. I enjoyed this article because it allowed me to look at a map and think about the geospatial reasons as to why the diseases are so bad in some places and not the other.

Adriene Mannas's curator insight, May 26, 2015 5:59 PM

This scoop is a page with a map of the world showing the most popular and wide spread diseases are and which is the deadliest in that area.  These diseases vary all around the world with Tuberculosis, HIV/ AIDS, and diarrheal diseases being the most wide spread and popular. 


This relates to the year into the Industrialization and Economic year because one of the main focuses was globalization and the MDGs. One of the Millennium Development Goals is to lessen the spread of HIV/ Aids and this map shows how truly wide spread the disease is and how many lives it threatens and has taken.  

Ellen Van Daele's curator insight, May 26, 2015 8:25 PM

These series of maps show what the deadliest disease in this area is. Across the globe this is most commonly HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis, with Diarrheal Diseases and Malaria also being common.  


It is interesting how some diseases get so much attention from the media that you assume they are the main issue in these countries, while it is often the diseases that do not get that much attention, such as HIV/AIDS, are the deadliest.

Scooped by Jacqueline Garcia pd1

Unit 1: Australia Plant Available Soil moisture maps 18 th may 2015

Unit 1: Australia Plant Available Soil moisture maps 18 th may 2015 | AP human geography | Scoop.it

The plant available soil moisture map displays the soil moisture in millimetres (mm).

Jacqueline Garcia pd1's insight:

In this amp we can notice the mapping key and legend which helps geographers better understand and interpret the map. 

McKenzie6's curator insight, May 22, 2015 1:58 PM

What do you think this means for the droughts in Australia, what seems to be the best place? 

Jake Clay's curator insight, May 25, 2015 12:18 AM

Area/geography - What significance do you think this information has towards Australia?

Scooped by Jacqueline Garcia pd1

Unit 3: How Long Will Obsolete Religious Fantasies Govern Sensible Secular Governance?

Unit 3: How Long Will Obsolete Religious Fantasies Govern Sensible Secular Governance? | AP human geography | Scoop.it

Religions don’t own the key principles of correct moral behavior. Read the Christian 10 Commandments. Wikipedia tells us: “The Ten Commandments, also known as the Decalogue, are a set of biblical principles relating to ethics and worship, which play a fundamental role in Judism and Christianity. They include instructions to worship only God and to keep the Sabbath and prohibitions against idolatry, blasphemy, murder, theft, dishonesty, and adultery. Different groups follow slightly different traditions for interpreting and numbering them.” [.] Watching the often dismal daily news and listening to the views of so many leaders who would impose religiously driven laws on abortion, same sex marriages, on everyone else are behaving obsoletely. Hey, you can be gay, and still be honest! As the late Rodney King so poignantly asked, “Can we all get along?” Not if we let religion biases into secular governance.

Jacqueline Garcia pd1's insight:

In this article one can see the effects of religion on the world and its landscape. I believe that the world would not have the same fundamentals nor belief systems without religion and it helps better our world and society. 

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Rescooped by Jacqueline Garcia pd1 from Human Geography

Unit 2: China's Empty Cities - YouTube

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Via Matt Richardson
Jacqueline Garcia pd1's insight:

In this video one could notice the "multiculturalism" and cultural diffuse between france and China. We can see that placelessness is also involved in this video. I believe that in this development of china we will see more replicas to bring in more tourism which in the long run will boost the countries economy. 

Matt Richardson's curator insight, May 6, 2015 10:56 AM

This is a fascinating story of multi-culturalism, urban planning, and clumsy top-down policy by Chinese authorities. It begs the question what if you build a city and nobody comes?

Rescooped by Jacqueline Garcia pd1 from Human Geography

Unit: 6/7: A Giant, Fake City in the Middle of the Desert

Unit: 6/7: A Giant, Fake City in the Middle of the Desert | AP human geography | Scoop.it
The mock metropolis is meant to have everything but people who live there.

Via Matt Richardson
Jacqueline Garcia pd1's insight:

In this article it talks about how cities are all fabricated to fit every persons needs and hoe they are spatially laid out to help boost the economy . I think that this also ties into the topic we were introduced to at the beginning of this year of placelessness. We can also use this ghost town to better study the lay out of cities and urban models. 

Matt Richardson's curator insight, May 19, 2015 1:17 PM

This is a cool urban design project.

Adriene Mannas's curator insight, May 26, 2015 4:15 PM

This article is all about building a city in the middle of the desert in New Mexico that will have no people living in it. The city will be a giant experiment to model and work on city planning. Scientists will work and study and tests will be run making plans that will be put in place on actual cities in the future. It will be divided into different districts to get the perfect ratio and spaces of things like a school area and a energy district correct.


This relates to the urban portion of Human Geography because it is all about urban planning. The scientists will plan out the political organization perfectly and apply the results of the experiments to real cities for the epitome of smart growth.  

Isabella El-Hage's curator insight, May 26, 2015 7:12 PM

This article discusses the plans of "Pegasus Global Holdings" to create the world's largest scale testing center on Earth, they will call it CITE, Center of Innovation, Testing, and Evaluation. They will locate it in New Mexico, and it is planned to be 26 square miles. They are essentially creating a fake city that will be fully functioning but with no people to occupy it. The goal of CITE is like any other testing simulation, so create the best city using the latest technology, and testing what works best. They will be essentially experimenting to create best functioning and well planned city, using a fake city, with no people. 

This article relates to Unit Seven, Cities and Urban Land Use, because it shows city planning in action and at a life size scale, by using real everything, except no people. 

Rescooped by Jacqueline Garcia pd1 from Geography

Unit 6: 2014 World Population Data Sheet

Unit 6: 2014 World Population Data Sheet | AP human geography | Scoop.it
PRB’s Digital Visualization highlights key global demographic trends. Explore current and projected population by region and country. And look at changes in total fertility, infant mortality, and life expectancy since 1970. A U.S. “What-If” scenario focuses on the effects of race and ethnicity on child poverty, child obesity, and college degrees. Also check out PRB’s 2014 World Population Data Sheet, interactive map, and DataFinder.

Via Tadd Farmer
Jacqueline Garcia pd1's insight:

Here we can look at how the age structure has changed over the years as the this country has begun to develop. We can notice the obvious decrease in birth rate at the bottom, which was most likely caused by women's education and women find jobs. We can also see mortality rates decrease when countries become more developed.  

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Rescooped by Jacqueline Garcia pd1 from Amazing Science

NATURE: Coal-burning in China cuts more than 5 years off the life expectancy of 500 million people

NATURE: Coal-burning in China cuts more than 5 years off the life expectancy of 500 million people | AP human geography | Scoop.it
Historical study links higher levels of pollution to higher mortality.


In the same northern areas of China where government used to provide free coal for heating, particulate matter in the air was 55% higher — and respiratory ailments shortened life expectancy by five years. High levels of particulates from coal burning in China’s highly polluted north may have cut more than five years from life expectancy for the 500 million people who lived there in the 1990s, scientists report today in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. The study can help to forecast the health effects of pollution in present-day China — where air quality has only gotten worse — as well as in other countries.


Chinese air pollution made global headlines during the 2008 Beijing Olympics and again this winter, when particulate levels in Beijing exceeded 700 micrograms per cubic metre — more than 50 times higher than those allowed by US air-quality standards.


But prior efforts to quantify the long-term risks of living in such conditions have been problematic, says Michael Greenstone, an environmental economist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge and a co-author of the latest study. That’s because earlier studies attempted to extrapolate health effects from US data, where even in the most polluted cities particulate levels are an order of magnitude lower than those found in China. Data for the health effects of high pollution levels are scarce, he says.


To fill the gap, Greenstone and his colleagues looked into the effects of a Chinese government policy that from 1950 to 1980 provided free coal for heating to people in the region north of the Huai River and the Qinling mountain range, a fairly traditional demarcation between northern and southern China.


The goal of the Huai River Policy was to provide a minimum of heating resources to those who most needed them. But in the process it accidentally provided an unintended experiment in which people north of the river were exposed to air particulate levels 55% higher than those to the south, with reported levels reaching 550 micrograms per cubic meter.

Adding to the impact was that during this period, Chinese citizens tended to stay in one city, breathing the same air, rather than moving away.


“There was not a lot of migration,” Greenstone says. “In fact, it was restricted by law.” Furthermore, the policy left a legacy of higher coal use north of the dividing line, where to this day homes are more likely to have coal-fired heating built decades ago.


Comparing Chinese air pollution and health data, Greenstone and colleagues found a marked jump not only in death rates, but in a single air-pollution variable — particulates — right at the Huai River line. Even more strikingly, the increased death rate north of the line was entirely due to cardiorespiratory illnesses.


Even though the study was based on data from two decades ago, the researchers say it can help to predict the health effects of the current levels of atmospheric pollution, which are even higher than in the 1990s. The finding, Greenstone says, is useful information to developing countries trying to find the balance between economic growth and environmental health. But it could also play a role in global climate-change debates.

Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
Jacqueline Garcia pd1's insight:




In this article i found it shocking and alarming how serious air pollution has come in China. This shows the negatives impacts of development and technology on countries. If this pattern continues, in my opinion our world is in for a horrible fate. These are only some of the effects that industrialization has on the environment. 

Grace Macpherson's curator insight, July 27, 2013 11:10 PM

This article suggests that due to the extreme amounts of pollutants in the air, those that lived in the north region of China have a lower life expectancy compared to other regions, especially those living in there through the 1990's. The porr air quality in the north but also throughout the rest of china has major health effects on it's pooluation. The results published are targetd to the north reigion and particularly around the Huai River and Qinling mountain ranges. The reason for this is primarily due to what's known as the 'Haui river Policy', a governmnet funded policy, wich provided free heating to the people. But it caused large amounts of pollution in the air, degrading the air qaulity. This reigion is most effected because of the coal buring, but also because as suggested in the article during the 1900's their was a large migration to this area, increasing the pollution, also people tended to stay in the one city, breathing the same air, rather than moving.

Rescooped by Jacqueline Garcia pd1 from Amazing Science

Unit 2: British Isles mapped out by genetic ancestry: Finest-scale DNA survey of any country reveals historic migrations

Unit 2: British Isles mapped out by genetic ancestry: Finest-scale DNA survey of any country reveals historic migrations | AP human geography | Scoop.it

Researchers have found genetic signatures among Britons that betray their historical roots in particular locales of the UK, leading to the finest-scale map of genetic variation yet created. The analysis — which shows a snapshot of clusters of genetic variation in the late 1800s, when people were less likely to migrate far from their region of birth — reflects historical waves of migration by different populations into the island. “The patterns we see are extraordinary,” says Peter Donnelly, director of the Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics in Oxford, UK, who co-led the study published 18 March in Nature1. “The genetic effects we’re looking at are the result of, probably, thousands of years of history.”

Today, few Britons have ancestors from just one local region of the UK, so it is hard to identify patterns of genetic variation specific to any one place. But Donnelley and his team found 2,039 Britons of European ancestry who lived in rural areas and knew that their four grandparents were all born within 80-kilometres of each other. Since these volunteers’ DNA was a mosaic of their grandparents’, who themselves were to known be strongly linked to one British region in the late nineteenth century, Donnelley hoped to find genetic variation that clustered neatly with their grandparents' geographic location.

So it proved: a statistical model lumped participants into 17 groups based only on their DNA, and these groupings matched geography. People across central and southern England fell into the largest group, but many groupings were more isolated, such as the split between Devonians and Cornish in Britain’s southwest. People who trace their ancestry to the Orkney Islands, off the northeast coast of Scotland, fell into three distinct categories. They are likely so differentiated because the islands made it hard for different populations to mingle.

As well as geographic barriers like these, the patchwork was formed by migrations into and around Britain, Donnelley says. The team analyzed the genomes of 6,209 people from continental Europe to understand their ancestors’ contributions to Britons’ ancestry. This confirmed the flow of Anglo-Saxons from present-day Germany into Britain after the departure of the Romans in 410 ad. They interbred with local residents instead of replacing them wholly, as some historians and archaeologists have suggested. Danish Vikings, who occupied Britain between 700s and 1100s ad, by contrast, left little signature in most Britons’ genomes.

Now that DNA signatures linked to historical local settlement are known, Donnelly says Britons or people with British heritage could conceivably use their genomes to trace the homelands of their ancestors.The team’s study should also help researchers find genetic variations linked to disease by ruling out the differences that are due to geography. Graham Coop, a population geneticist at the University of California, Davis, says it should be possible to also map the British ancestry of people from more diverse genetic backgrounds, such as Americans. However, he says, "it gets trickier the further back that ancestry is in your family tree, as less and less of your genome is from any one ancestor."

Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
Jacqueline Garcia pd1's insight:

In this article and photo we can better understand the population clusters within a region where groups of people have made settlements. I think that we can learn a lot from this and realize that our ancestors have dictated where we live and raise our future generations. 

Wyatt Fratnz's curator insight, March 19, 2015 10:33 PM

This item shows us how migration has changed over time, starting from years when people wouldn't travel far from their house, until today,  when people travel everywhere. This study shows that these different patterns are evident through DNA tests. Different ethnicities are linked to significant settlements and regions that benefit them.


This is a great foundation that shows how migration works and why it works that way. It branches out from here, to many different specifics of the field of migration.

Pilar Moral's curator insight, March 26, 2015 1:09 PM


Flo Cuadra Scrofft's curator insight, May 26, 2015 12:49 PM

I think it is remarkable that there is a huge part of England that is made up of families that have been in the same place for hundreds of years. Although this does not represent the situation of the entire country, since migration waves have affected the genetics of the locals, the study can tell us more about the migration waves inside England and the connectivity and accessibility of each place.

The study might even be applied to different countries, if we wanted to have a general idea of where people lived in, a couple of hundred years ago

Rescooped by Jacqueline Garcia pd1 from World Regional Geography with Dr Jensen

Unit 5: Von Thunen's Regional Land Use Model

Unit 5: Von Thunen's Regional Land Use Model | AP human geography | Scoop.it

Via Natalie K Jensen
Jacqueline Garcia pd1's insight:

In this photo we can see how the land actually effects the von thunen model. One can observe how in the isolated state it is just in a small area with no global exports but in modified conditions they have river transport and competition. I feel like this really helps us better understand the layout of the von thunen model. 

Miles Gibson's curator insight, March 11, 2015 6:20 PM

Unit 5 agriculture 

This picture explains how the isolated state contrasts the modified land that has water access. With this river the central city can access goods faster therefore having a better chance at distributing goods faster and more efficiently. 

This picture relates to unit 5 because it shows how agriculture is apart of the current societal states and the von thunen model's relevancy in a reasonable situation. The rings of this model are depicted clearly therefore creating the ideal agricultural situation as created by unit 5's definitional information.

Rescooped by Jacqueline Garcia pd1 from Italia Mia

Unit 4: Things to Know If You’re Going to Italy | Italian Unification

Unit 4: Things to Know If You’re Going to Italy | Italian Unification | AP human geography | Scoop.it

The Italian unification was the political and social movement, known as Risorgimento, meaning the Resurgence, that agglomerated different states of the Italian peninsula into the single state of the Kingdom of Italy in the 19th century, overcoming 1300 years of disunity. The process began in 1815 with the Congress of Vienna and the end of Napoleonic rule, and ended in 1870 with the Capture of Rome. Some of the terre irredente did not, however, join the Kingdom of Italy until after World War I with the Treaty of Saint-Germain. Some nationalists see the Armistice of Villa Giusti as the end of unification.

Click on the photo to read more

Via Mariano Pallottini
Jacqueline Garcia pd1's insight:

This article mainly shows the ways that countries can become unified, and the difficulties and obstacles that occur within the country. I feel like this method of bringing nations together is helpful and necessary in a lot of places. 

venarbol's curator insight, November 14, 2013 2:32 AM

Présentation synthétique du "Risorgimento" = unification de l'Italie


Storia d'Italia: il Risorgimento

Rescooped by Jacqueline Garcia pd1 from Geography Education

Unit #: Mapping World Religions

Via Seth Dixon
Jacqueline Garcia pd1's insight:

In this video we are able to see the growth and fall of religions. It was quite fascinating to see the number of people in each religion and where in the world the spread. I thought it was helpful to see the dates of events that either caused spread or destruction of religions . For example the birth of Muhammad and the Crusades. THis shows the spatial distribution of religion. 

Quentin Sylvester's curator insight, March 17, 2015 1:30 AM

This shows the major world religions and their diffusion and current impacts and geography across the world, contrasting the far reaching religions of Christianity and Islam to more isolated religions like Hinduism, which still has many followers, but just in one specific area.

Elle Reagan's curator insight, March 22, 2015 3:17 PM

This was a nice video of good length that allowed me to see how the world is broke up into different regions. I know that religion is a main factor of how places are divided and so I thought this video was a nice visualization of that. The map with the timeline was nice to have and I liked how it gave us an estimate of how many people are following each religion today. The video also helped me see how religion can be a main factor in defining world regions.

Ryan Tibari's curator insight, May 27, 2015 9:58 AM

This video puts world religions in a more basic form. Shows the patterns that religions take on a global scale, outlining the most prominent and least prominent throughout the world. 

Rescooped by Jacqueline Garcia pd1 from AP Human Geography

Unit 3: Is This the World's Most Interesting Border Crossing?

Unit 3: Is This the World's Most Interesting Border Crossing? | AP human geography | Scoop.it

Across the Americas, border towns can be sketchy, Wild West-like places with an aura of desolation. Usually, the only reason to stop is to endure the...

Via Ashley Hillier
Jacqueline Garcia pd1's insight:

This shows how religion and culture an effect a regions boundaries and migration. 

Rescooped by Jacqueline Garcia pd1 from Global Affairs & Human Geography Digital Knowledge Source

Unit 6&7: If the U.S. Were Graded Using the UN's Index For African Development, Here's What We'd See

Unit 6&7: If the U.S. Were Graded Using the UN's Index For African Development, Here's What We'd See | AP human geography | Scoop.it
Five variables are taken into account: life expectancy, income per capita, school enrollment, percentage of high school graduates, and percentage of college graduates.

Via Allison Anthony
Jacqueline Garcia pd1's insight:

This shows how underdevelopment some parts of the united states are. 

Allison Anthony's curator insight, March 19, 2014 10:38 PM

This map of the US is very revealing in terms of regional development levels.

Rescooped by Jacqueline Garcia pd1 from AP Human Geography

Unit 2,6&7: Before-and-after maps show how freeways transformed America's cities

Unit 2,6&7: Before-and-after maps show how freeways transformed America's cities | AP human geography | Scoop.it
Beginning in the 1950s, cities demolished thousands of homes in walkable neighborhoods to make room for freeways.


At the time, this was seen as a sign of progress. Not only did planners hope to help people get downtown more quickly, they saw many of the neighborhoods being torn down as blighted and in need of urban renewal.  But tearing down a struggling neighborhood rarely made problems like crime and overcrowding go away. To the contrary, displaced people would move to other neighborhoods, often exacerbating overcrowding problems. Crime rates rose, not fell, in the years after these projects.  By cutting urban neighborhoods in half, planners undermined the blocks on either side of the freeway. The freeways made nearby neighborhoods less walkable. Reduced foot traffic made them less attractive places for stores and restaurants. And that, in turn, made them even less walkable. Those with the means to do so moved to the suburbs, accelerating the neighborhoods' decline.

Via Seth Dixon, Janet Espinosa
Jacqueline Garcia pd1's insight:

Here we can see how development and globalization has affected the landscape. As cities are introduced to more urban and industrial ideas the more they become the center of the city. We can relate this to the central place theory. I believe that this is an accurate picture of how most cities freeways are shaped. 

Shane C Cook's curator insight, May 27, 2015 4:00 AM

It is really interesting to see how urbanization has affected not just us today but our parents and grandparents. Of course with innovation includes consequence whether good or bad it happens. Go America!

MsPerry's curator insight, May 27, 2015 9:34 AM

Urbanization - transportation


Ryan Tibari's curator insight, May 27, 2015 10:16 AM

Industrialization changed not only the physical face of cities, but also the social. Innovations such as highways have caused transportation to become widely easier, allowing people from all different regions of the city to travel easily back and forth from place to place. 

Rescooped by Jacqueline Garcia pd1 from GarryRogers Biosphere News

Unit 5: Climate Change Is Killing Agriculture As We Know It

Unit 5: Climate Change Is Killing Agriculture As We Know It | AP human geography | Scoop.it
If we don't drown or suffocate first, it's a very real possibility that life on earth will starve to death as climate change ravages planet Earth. Though it serves as the background story for Christopher Nolan's film Interstellar, the agricultural implications of climate change haven't been the face of the planetary event—polar bears are much cuter, of course—but a new documentary film from Academy Award-winning director Sandy McLeod aims to change that, bringing the human toll of drought and crop extinction to the forefront of the discussion.

The film, Seeds Of Time, tracks agriculture pioneer Cary Fowler as he races to preserve as many plant species as possible to retain genetic diversity as plant species extinction marches forward. As the former Executive Director of the Global Crop Diversity Trust, Fowler traveled to places like Peru to help farmers catalogue and archive their crops, specifically potatoes in this case. Together with samples from other parts of the world, Fowler helped to found the Svalbard Global Seed Vault, a seed storage facility in Norway that's like the Noah's Ark for agriculture.

Along with the vault, the film also explores the human angle of what will happen when biodiversity and agriculture fail. Namely, that the drought conditions we're already experiencing will lead first to rising food costs, then to increased conflict in starving regions and finally to the extinction of life-sustaining crops as we know it.

Via Garry Rogers
Jacqueline Garcia pd1's insight:

In this scoop the author dives into the idea that through climate change we will lose the important parts of agriculture that help us thrive and survive. A solution of preserving seeds is being taken into action to help save these important crops. I believe that this is a good idea so if something does occur and humanity needs these essentials we will be prepared for the worst. 

Zeke Robinson's curator insight, May 26, 2015 8:04 PM

this article speaks the truth and this will happen if not by human hands with chemicals and GMO's but by our emissions.

Bella Reagan's curator insight, May 27, 2015 12:10 AM

Agriculture Unit

Climate Change effects

The effects of climate change on agriculture are introduced here in this article. This article references a lot of movies to show its point, and to then relate how the author believes this could actually happen. With climate change coming fast, plants aren;t given enough time to adapt. This leads to plants dying and not being during enough. This then leads to the falling of plant diversity, and the extinction o tweaker plants.


This article was interesting because it showed how the possible effects in the movie could deb possible for us here with climate change. Climate change often is talked about when referring to animals, but here is was interesting because its sole purpose was on plants and plant diversity going away. This can be spotted and should be notices and brought to the attention of people by them looking to see the rising process in food. 

Brandon Chesney's curator insight, May 28, 2015 12:21 AM

With all the rising temperature and climate change if we do not drown of suffocate first then it is likely that humans will starve to death. With temperature rising there is less crop which leads to higher costs which not all people can afford.

Rescooped by Jacqueline Garcia pd1 from Human Geography

Unit 6/7: Rise of Mega Cities

Unit 6/7: Rise of Mega Cities | AP human geography | Scoop.it

Via Matt Richardson
Jacqueline Garcia pd1's insight:

In this photo we can see how the population is rising while the surface area and the cities of the world stay the same . This helps us better understand the importance of spatial distribution. 

Matt Richardson's curator insight, March 10, 2015 8:11 AM

Here is a quick chart tracing the astonishing growth of urban centers around the world. 

Rescooped by Jacqueline Garcia pd1 from Human Geography

Unit 4: This is the best explanation of gerrymandering you will ever see

Unit 4: This is the best explanation of gerrymandering you will ever see | AP human geography | Scoop.it
By simplifying gerrymandering we see how problematic it really is.

Via Matt Richardson
Jacqueline Garcia pd1's insight:

In this article the author explains in a simplified version of what gerrymandering is. I fell like i can better understand the concept of the divisions of districts for the benefit of one political party. I think that this could help people better educate themselves about the political problems that one could potentially face when voting. This could also help people be more aware of voting districts. 

Matt Richardson's curator insight, May 18, 2015 8:20 AM

This is a good, clear explanation of Gerrymandering.

Avery Liardon's curator insight, May 20, 2015 10:33 AM

Gerrymandering is somewhat of a difficult concept to grasp. I find it very interesting, and I think that this video allowed me to understand it on a level in which i can apply it to real life situations, and not just memorize the definition with no knowledge of the effects.

Raychel Johnson's curator insight, May 25, 2015 10:15 PM

Summary: This article talks about the concept of gerrymandering, which is the unusual redistricting of an area to give one party an unfair advantage over the other party. This is done so that one party can be represented in the house instead of the other. Either the majority party is broken up and put into other districts, or the minority party is encompassed into majority districts. Usually, the way the lines are redrawn, the district isn't compact. 


Insight: This article only talks about gerrymandering, which is an unfair redistricting to earn the majority in an area. There is already a software created that can divide areas into equal population, that would be more efficient and unbiased than people drawing the lines, but the problem is getting the people that are drawing the lines to agree to use the software created. 

Rescooped by Jacqueline Garcia pd1 from Social Finance Matters (investing and business models for good)

Unit 4: Exploring New Approaches For Poverty Reduction · Global Voices

Unit 4: Exploring New Approaches For Poverty Reduction · Global Voices | AP human geography | Scoop.it

The quest is on for solutions to poverty reduction with the approach of the 2015 deadline for the UN Millenium Development Goals (MDG). Many organizations are exploring new avenues for answers.

Via W. Robert de Jongh
Jacqueline Garcia pd1's insight:

In this article the author writes about different solutions to the worlds problems and ways to reach the millennium development goals. This relates to ch.10 where the textbook discusses development. I believe that through these ideas fir the MDGs we will be able to 

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Rescooped by Jacqueline Garcia pd1 from Leading Schools

Unit 6: Gender Gap in Education Cuts Both Ways

Unit 6: Gender Gap in Education Cuts Both Ways | AP human geography | Scoop.it

Gender Gaps In Education Puzzle Policymakers.

The New York Times (3/11, Porter, Subscription Publication) runs an article about the decades-long debate over why highly educated boys outperform highly educated girls in math, noting that the “din over top girls’ mathematical abilities” has obscured the fact “that so many boys are falling behind in pretty much everything else.” The article reports that the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development recently “published a report about gender inequality in education, based on the latest edition of its PISA standardized tests taken by 15-year-olds around the world.” The article explores the ramifications of the report.



Via Mel Riddile
Jacqueline Garcia pd1's insight:

In this article he author discusses a gap noticed in the math expertise between girls and boys. This is just on of the many examples where our world is consumed with the ideas of gender inequality. There is a good point in this article where they talk about how boys are actually falling behind in other cases, so it might not necessarily be inequality. 

Altaira Wallquist's curator insight, March 18, 2015 9:04 PM

This article briefly covers the education gap in boys and girls. It shows that girls are for some reason scoring higher than boys.


This connects to Unit 1 because it discusses gender issues. It asks the question about whether the schooling system is biased or if this is another underlying problem. The article was an interesting read and brought to light things I hadn't know or thought about before.

Rescooped by Jacqueline Garcia pd1 from green streets

Unit2: 10 Ways to Improve High-Density Cities

Unit2: 10 Ways to Improve High-Density Cities | AP human geography | Scoop.it

Getting the right city density – generally expressed in the US as people per square mile or homes per acre – to support sustainable and pleasant living is one of the trickiest problems we face as we address the future of our communities. 

The typically low densities of suburban sprawl built in the last half of the 20th century, despite their popularity at the time with a considerable share of the market, have been shown by a voluminous body of research to produce unsustainable rates of driving, carbon emissions, pollution. stormwater runoff, and adverse health impacts. ..

Via Lauren Moss
Jacqueline Garcia pd1's insight:

This article shows the implications of high density areas. The solutions that the author discussed make a good point but sound kinda difficult. For example , its not that easy to bring nature into the cities because of the pollution which makes it hard to sustain the sort of growth we need. 

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Rescooped by Jacqueline Garcia pd1 from Ag Biotech News

Unit 5: Scientists say new computer model amounts to a lot more than a hill of beans - U Illinois (2014)

Unit 5: Scientists say new computer model amounts to a lot more than a hill of beans - U Illinois (2014) | AP human geography | Scoop.it

Crops that produce more while using less water seem like a dream for a world with a burgeoning population and already strained food and water resources. This dream is coming closer to reality... researchers... have developed a new computer model that can help plant scientists breed better soybean crops.

Under current climate conditions, the model predicts a design for a soybean crop with 8.5 percent more productivity, but using 13 percent less water, and reflecting 34 percent more radiation back into space, by breeding for slightly different leaf distribution, angles and reflectivity... 
Plants have evolved to outcompete other plants – for example, shading out other plants or using water and nutrients liberally to the detriment of neighboring plants. However, in an agricultural setting, the plants don’t need such competitive measures.

“Our crop plants reflect many millions of years of evolution in the wild under these competitive conditions,” said... plant biology professor Stephen P. Long... “In a crop field we want plants to share resources and conserve water and nutrients, so we have been looking at what leaf arrangements would best do this.”

The researchers aimed for three specific areas of improvement. First, productivity. Second, water usage. Third, combating climate change by reflecting more sunlight off the leaves. To address all three, they used the unique tactic of computationally modeling the whole soybean plant... 

The model looks at biological functions, such as photosynthesis and water use, as well as the physical environment. The researchers looked at how the plant’s biology changed with varying structural traits such as leaf area distributions, how the leaves are arranged vertically on the stalk, and the angles of the leaves.

For example, by changing the structure so that leaves are more evenly distributed, more light can penetrate through the canopy. This lets photosynthesis happen on multiple levels, instead of being limited to the top, thus increasing the plant’s bean-producing power. A less dense canopy uses less water without affecting productivity. And changing the angle of the leaves can let the plant reflect back more solar radiation to offset climate change.

“Most of the genetic approaches have looked at very specific traits,” Kumar said. “They haven’t looked at restructuring the whole canopy. We have a very unique modeling capability where we can model the entire plant canopy in a lot of detail. We can also model what these plant canopies can do in a future climate, so that it will still be valid 40 or 50 years down the line.”

Once the computer predicts an optimal plant structure, then the crop can be selected or bred from the diverse forms of soybeans that are already available – without the regulation and costs associated with genetic engineering. 

“This kind of numerical approach – using realistic models of plant canopies – can provide a method for trying many more trait combinations than are possible through field breeding... This approach then can help guide field programs by pointing to plants with particular combinations of traits, already tested in the computer, which may have the biggest payoff in the field”... 

According to Long, “The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations predict that by 2050 we will need 70 percent more primary foodstuffs to feed the world than we are producing today – and yet will have to do that with probably no more water while at the same time dealing with climate change.” 

“We need new innovations to achieve the yield jump... We’ve shown that by altering leaf arrangement we could have a yield increase, without using more water and also providing an offset to global warming.” 

Next, the researchers plan to use their model to analyze other crops for their structural traits. As part of a project supported by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Long is leading an international effort to improve rice, soybean and cassava guided by similar computational approaches, with the end goal of making more productive and sustainable crops... 




Original article: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/gcb.12567


Via Alexander J. Stein
Jacqueline Garcia pd1's insight:

In this article these scientists are trying to find a way to have crops use less water and want to be able to change the structural traits of the crops. This would be a significant help for food distribution among the world! we would be able to have the best traits modified to each crop to help it thrive in its environment. 

Scooped by Jacqueline Garcia pd1

Unit 4: Has a Startup Solved Agriculture's Nitrogen Puzzle?

Unit 4: Has a Startup Solved Agriculture's Nitrogen Puzzle? | AP human geography | Scoop.it

Peter Blezard believes the most significant technological leap in agriculture for 100 years is waiting on the cusp of farmland. According to Blezard, founder and CEO of UK-based biotech company Azotic Technologies, nitrogen fixation across all types of crops has arrived. If he’s correct, agriculture may have a groundbreaking opportunity to reduce nitrogen fertilizer use by 50% in all major global food crops within a decade.


Azotic has licensed a patented seed coating technology from the University of Nottingham and developed N-Fix, a product based on a beneficial bacterium (Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus) that builds a symbiotic relationship with plants allowing the substitution of soil-derived nitrogen with atmospheric nitrogen. Pared down, N-Fix reduces crop dependency on nitrogen fertilizer. Ted Cocking, world-renowned plant cell scientist and Emeritus Professor at the University of Nottingham, invented the technology that led to N-Fix.  

Field trials

Azotic has completed three seasons of field trials in oilseed rape, wheat and pasture grass (as well as four trials in amenity turf), and achieved 50% nitrogen fertilizer reduction in all of those crops. What’s the differentiator with N-Fix technology? It’s intracellular and functions inside plant cells, according to Blezard. “This makes our technology unique and it’s much more efficient for fixing nitrogen inside the cell. It moves to the nitrogen rich chloroplasts that photosynthesize, producing sugars that provide the bacterium with the energy source it needs to fix nitrogen, which it delivers to the cell. The bacterium colonizes every crop we’ve worked with, and I’m talking about any crop type – not just legumes. ”

G. diazotrophicus is presently used in foodstuffs and cosmetics. It is part of the vinegar producing family of bacteria and found in sugarcane, but Azotic has isolated a very unique strain. N-Fix can be utilized through liquid inoculants, freeze dry powders, and seed coatings.

Azotic will conduct multiple contract research trials in major row crops in the United States in 2015, with plans to move forward through U.S. grower trials in 2016. “Once the contract research trials are finished, we’ll have independent validated evidence available,” Blezard notes. “We’re working with USDA at Penn State University as well, and they are very keen on a new nitrogen source. This is a benchmark win-win for agriculture and the environment, and it will reduce fertilizer bills for farmers and reduce nitrate runoff and nitrous oxide emissions.”

Non-legume crops

Blezard’s confidence is bolstered by a heavyweight voice in agriculture, Malcolm Elliott, founding director, The Norman Borlaug Institute for Global Food Security; and editor in chief, Agriculture and Food Security. “It is impossible to exaggerate the importance of this work for the future of humankind. I grieve that Borlaug himself did not live to see the way that Azotic Technologies Ltd. pressed forward with Ted Cocking's work and demonstrated that their symbiotic bacterium can fix enough nitrogen to reduce, by 50%, the need for expensive nitrogen fertilizer to be added to the crop.”

Azotic is in discussion with several major industry partners and governments interested in N-Fix, according to Blezard, with an initial focus on canola, corn, grass, potatoes, barley and wheat. “This is a groundbreaking technology and we’re looking for partners in the U.S. and worldwide to help take this technology to market.”

In testing, Azotic has introduced the bacterium to 14 crops and reportedly can prove colonization in each one. Blezard describes it as a true, food grade symbiotic bacteria that does no harm and serves as a biofertilizer.

Borlaug, the father of the Green Revolution, in his acceptance speech upon winning the Nobel Prize in 1970, said microbes – not fertilizer – were the means to feed the world. Are nitrogen-fixing bacteria now a reality in non-legume crops? “There are always those in the agriculture industry that think this is too good to be true and remain to be convinced, regardless of the evidence,” Blezard says. “I just want farmers to know there is an option coming that’s an alternative to the current nitrogen program. All we’re doing is giving a nature a helping hand.”

Jacqueline Garcia pd1's insight:

This article is a major break through for the agricultural industry. If we are able to make our foods safer and healthier for the environment this would be a huge success on our part. This reminds me of the green revolution because we are taking yet another leap at improving our farming. 

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Unit 4: On Israel's system of segregated roads in the occupied Palestinian territories

Unit 4: On Israel's system of segregated roads in the occupied Palestinian territories | AP human geography | Scoop.it

Tags: MiddleEast, territoriality, transportation, borders, conflict, governance, political, unit 4 political. 

Via Seth Dixon
Jacqueline Garcia pd1's insight:

Here one can see the political territoriality among Israel. For example in this article webpage we saw that people with Palestinian license plates can not drive on Israeli roads. This is one of the many instances where people are segregated according to their beliefs. 

Cam E's curator insight, March 4, 2014 11:32 AM

A relatively grim reminder that even things as clear-cut as road systems can be inherently political. This system forces segregation by the law of which roads can be driven on, but it's a good jumping point to remember that even the placement of roads can exclude or include communities. I'm reminded of the proposed idea for a NAFTA superhighway running through Mexico, Canada, and the US. One of the criticisms was that the highway would not provide exits for anywhere but major economics centers, effectively cutting off small towns from the rest of the area.

Zach & Wafeeq's curator insight, November 4, 2014 5:04 PM

Area/Geography: This is a diagram of what Israel is like for Palestinians and Israelis. It shows extremely restricted access for Palestinians. Whereas Israelis have all of the roads. This diagram fairly falls under the Area/Geography category because of the fact of how the Israeli government is manipulating the area/geography of the land of Israel to suit their best interest. 

Olivia Campanella's curator insight, October 31, 2018 11:30 AM
In this article you can see a map of how the roads in the Palestinian territories were split. There is a key down at the bottom to see which roads were for Israel and which were for Palestinians.