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2019: The International Year of the Periodic Table of Elements

2019: The International Year of the Periodic Table of Elements | Design, Comm, Sci and Tech | Scoop.it
2019 is the International Year of the Periodic Table of Elements. Here, we discuss the history of the periodic table as well as the designated year.

 

Elements 113, 115, 117 and 118 — fill out the seventh row of the periodic table of the elements. All are superheavies. That’s why they sit at the base right of the bench (see above). Naming rights classically go to those who find an element. And that’s what happen here. Element 113 was found by scientists at RIKEN in Wako, Japan. They have requested to call it Nihonium, to be shortened as Nh. This name comes from Nihon. It’s Japanese for “Land of the Rising Sun,” which is what a lot of people call Japan. Element 115 will turn out to be Moscovium, abridged as Mc. It refers to the Moscow area. And that was where the combined organization for Nuclear Research is based (Dubna). It exposed number 115 in a teamwork with researchers at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in Tennessee. That's why Tennessee also gets a periodic table entry. It’s the home location of ORNL, Vanderbilt University & the University of Tennessee. So element 117 will become Tennessine and will be represented by the symbol Ts.

Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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Time Travel Is Possible: Math Proves Paradox-Free Time Travel

Time Travel Is Possible: Math Proves Paradox-Free Time Travel | Design, Comm, Sci and Tech | Scoop.it
A college student has mathematically proven the physical feasibility of paradox-free time travel. Does this mean we can all go back to 2019?
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Most Americans to be vaccinated for COVID-19 by July 2021, CDC chief expects

Most Americans to be vaccinated for COVID-19 by July 2021, CDC chief expects | Design, Comm, Sci and Tech | Scoop.it
A top U.S. health official told a U.S. Senate committee on Wednesday that he expects COVID-19 vaccinations to take place over many months and that most Americans could be vaccinated by July of 2021 at the latest.

 

U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention head Robert Redfield said he expects there to be about 700 million doses of vaccines available by late March or April, enough for 350 million people. “I think that’s going to take us April, May, June, you know, possibly July, to get the entire American public completely vaccinated,” Redfield told the U.S. Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee.

 


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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Microbial life on Venus? Phosphine gas in clouds of Venus detected

Microbial life on Venus? Phosphine gas in clouds of Venus detected | Design, Comm, Sci and Tech | Scoop.it

Measurements of trace gases in planetary atmospheres help us explore chemical conditions different to those on Earth. Our nearest neighbor planet, Venus, has clouds that are temperate but hyperacidic. Here we report the apparent presence of phosphine (PH3) gas in Venus’s atmosphere, where any phosphorus should be in oxidized forms. Single-line millimeter-waveband spectral detections (quality up to ~15σ) from the JCMT and ALMA telescopes have no other plausible identification.

 

Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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The phosphine discovered in Venus' clouds may be a big deal. Here's what you need to know. | Space

The phosphine discovered in Venus' clouds may be a big deal. Here's what you need to know. | Space | Design, Comm, Sci and Tech | Scoop.it

A chemical you've likely never heard of has burst into the news thanks to scientists' announcement that they have detected phosphine, which they say may be a sign of life, in the clouds of Venus.

Here's everything you need to know about phosphine, the strange chemical detected in the atmosphere of Venus.

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A.I. Tool Promises Faster, More Accurate Alzheimer’s Diagnosis

A.I. Tool Promises Faster, More Accurate Alzheimer’s Diagnosis | Design, Comm, Sci and Tech | Scoop.it

By detecting subtle differences in the way that Alzheimer’s sufferers use language, researchers at Stevens Institute of Technology have developed an A.I. algorithm that promises to accurately diagnose Alzheimer’s without the need for expensive scans or in-person testing. The software not only can diagnose Alzheimer’s, at negligible cost, with more than 95 percent accuracy, but is also capable of explaining its conclusions, allowing physicians to double check the accuracy of its diagnosis.


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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Mark Sagar: how humans will interact with machines in ten years

Mark Sagar: how humans will interact with machines in ten years | Design, Comm, Sci and Tech | Scoop.it

In ten years artificially intelligent robots will be living and working with us, according to Dr. Mark Sagar, CEO of Soul Machines, an Auckland, New Zealand-based company that develops intelligent, emotionally responsive avatars.

 

Sagar, an AI engineer, is the inventor of a virtual nervous system that powers autonomous animated avatars like Baby X — a virtual infant that learns through experience and can “feel” emotions.

 

“We are creating realistic adult avatars serving as virtual assistants. You can use them to plug into existing systems like IBM Watson or Cortana — putting a face on a chatbot,” said Sagar.

Within a decade humans will be interacting with lifelike emotionally-responsive AI robots, very similar to the premise of the the HBO hit series Westworld, said Sagar.

 

But before that scenario becomes a reality robotics will have to catch up to AI technology. “Robotics technology is not really at the level of control that’s required,” he said.


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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Overview Timelapse: A New Book Documents Vast Changes to the Earth’s Surface by Human Hands

Overview Timelapse: A New Book Documents Vast Changes to the Earth’s Surface by Human Hands | Design, Comm, Sci and Tech | Scoop.it
In a follow-up to the 2016 book Overview featuring stunning imagery of the Earth from above, Overview Timelapse: How We Change the Earth takes a critical look at the numerous ways humans have completely altered the surface of our planet in a very short time through urban development, climate change,

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A Dozing Owl and Tussling Hummingbirds Top the 2020 Bird Photographer of the Year Competition

A Dozing Owl and Tussling Hummingbirds Top the 2020 Bird Photographer of the Year Competition | Design, Comm, Sci and Tech | Scoop.it
The winning shots from the renowned Bird Photographer of the Year contest capture the mundane moments and extraordinary adventures of our avian neighbors. From a sleepy owl camouflaged by tree bark to a lurching great crested grebe, the stunning birds shown here were chosen out of more than 15,000 e

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The reusable Octo Safety Device is designed to outperform the N95

The reusable Octo Safety Device is designed to outperform the N95 | Design, Comm, Sci and Tech | Scoop.it
After SARS, the government outlined ways the N95 needed to improve. The new Octo Safety Device fixes most of those issues.

Via Emilio Mordini
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Can 5G Replace Your Home Internet? | WSJ

Can 5G Replace Your Home Internet? | WSJ | Design, Comm, Sci and Tech | Scoop.it
Technology News
Blazing fast 5G speeds are here but they aren't all that useful on the new 5G smartphones. WSJ's Joanna Stern packed up a motor home to see if the connection could power all her connected gadgets, including laptops, printers, Xboxes and camera-equipped doorbells.



Credit Wall St

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This company wants to be the Google for the 3D world

This company wants to be the Google for the 3D world | Design, Comm, Sci and Tech | Scoop.it
Physna is launching a search engine for 3D models. It's a first step toward digitally indexing the physical world.
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NASA’s Mars Rover Perseverance Will Be Powered by US-Made Plutonium

NASA’s Mars Rover Perseverance Will Be Powered by US-Made Plutonium | Design, Comm, Sci and Tech | Scoop.it

NASA new Mars rover, Perseverance, is on a mission to search for signs of ancient life on the Red Planet. It’s the agency’s largest and most autonomous Martian explorer yet. It’s also the first to be powered entirely with American plutonium.

At the heart of Perseverance is a small “nuclear battery” the size of a beer keg called a radioisotope thermoelectric generator, or RTG. Unlike the nuclear reactors that create electricity on Earth, RTGs don’t have to initiate or sustain a fission reaction to generate power. They don’t even have any moving parts. Instead, they passively harvest the natural heat produced by the decay of plutonium-238 and convert it into electricity. They can reliably provide energy and heat to a spacecraft for decades—the two plutonium-powered Voyager probes launched in the late 1970s are still transmitting from interstellar space—and have been NASA’s go-to power source for more than two dozen deep-space missions.



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This Fully Functional, 9000 Pound Mech Suit Looks Absolutely Amazing

This Fully Functional, 9000 Pound Mech Suit Looks Absolutely Amazing | Design, Comm, Sci and Tech | Scoop.it
Engineering firm Furrion has built a four-legged exo-suit, a 9,000 pound monstrosity straight out of "Pacific Rim" — and it wants you to pilot it.

Via Al Cannistra
Al Cannistra's curator insight, August 21, 5:38 PM

Definitely on my Christmas wish list. Guess I need to get a bigger garage…

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Covid-19 Long-Term Effects: Some Patients Need Very Long-Term Care

Covid-19 Long-Term Effects: Some Patients Need Very Long-Term Care | Design, Comm, Sci and Tech | Scoop.it

Like many other illnesses, Covid-19 can cause enduring problems. Some victims report serious symptoms weeks and months after infection, even many who were never ill enough to be hospitalized. Nearly 100 different long-term problems, detailed in the chart below, were reported to Indiana University Medical School researcher Natalie Lambert, in a survey of more than 1,500 patients. Some of these issues go well beyond typical Covid-19 symptoms.


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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Computational modeling explains why blues and greens are brightest structural colors in nature

Computational modeling explains why blues and greens are brightest structural colors in nature | Design, Comm, Sci and Tech | Scoop.it

Researchers from the University of Cambridge used a numerical experiment to determine the limits of matt structural color – a phenomenon which is responsible for some of the most intense colors in nature – and found that it extends only as far as blue and green in the visible spectrum. The results, published in PNAS, could be useful in the development of non-toxic paints or coatings with intense color that never fades.

 

Structural color, which is seen in some bird feathers, butterfly wings or insects, is not caused by pigments or dyes, but internal structure alone. The appearance of the color, whether matt or iridescent, will depending on how the structures are arranged at the nanoscale.

 


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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Flying car successfully tested in Japan | #Research

Flying car successfully tested in Japan | #Research | Design, Comm, Sci and Tech | Scoop.it

(CNN)A Japanese company has announced the successful test drive of a flying car.

Sky Drive Inc. conducted the public demonstration on August 25, the company said in a news release, at the Toyota Test Field, one of the largest in Japan and home to the car company's development base. It was the first public demonstration for a flying car in Japanese history.
The car, named SD-03, manned with a pilot, took off and circled the field for about four minutes.
"We are extremely excited to have achieved Japan's first-ever manned flight of a flying car in the two years since we founded SkyDrive... with the goal of commercializing such aircraft," CEO Tomohiro Fukuzawa said in a statement.


Via Gust MEES
Gust MEES's curator insight, September 17, 7:17 AM

(CNN)A Japanese company has announced the successful test drive of a flying car.

Sky Drive Inc. conducted the public demonstration on August 25, the company said in a news release, at the Toyota Test Field, one of the largest in Japan and home to the car company's development base. It was the first public demonstration for a flying car in Japanese history.
The car, named SD-03, manned with a pilot, took off and circled the field for about four minutes.
"We are extremely excited to have achieved Japan's first-ever manned flight of a flying car in the two years since we founded SkyDrive... with the goal of commercializing such aircraft," CEO Tomohiro Fukuzawa said in a statement.

What's more fancy than a Porsche? A flying Porsche. Luxury automakers race to perfect the flying car
"We want to realize a society where flying cars are an accessible and convenient means of transportation in the skies and people are able to experience a safe, secure, and comfortable new way of life.

 

Learn more / En savoir plus / Mehr erfahren:

 

https://www.scoop.it/topic/21st-century-innovative-technologies-and-developments/?&tag=Flying