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Self-organizing systems
Exploring the self-organizing dynamics of interactive entities
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Sand Pile Model of the Mind Grows in Popularity

Sand Pile Model of the Mind Grows in Popularity | Self-organizing systems | Scoop.it
Support is growing for a decades-old physics idea suggesting that localized episodes of disordered brain activity help keep the overall system in healthy balance

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HISTORY: First World War had complex beginnings

HISTORY: First World War had complex beginnings | Self-organizing systems | Scoop.it
“Vienna, 28 July 1914 — The Royal Serbian Government not having answered in a satisfactory manner the note of July 23, 1914, presented by the Austro-Hungarian Minister at Belgrade, the Imperial and Royal Government are themselves compelled to see to the safeguarding of their rights and interests, and, with this object, to have recourse to force of
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Fractal free energy landscapes in structural glasses : Nature Communications : Nature Publishing Group

Fractal free energy landscapes in structural glasses : Nature Communications : Nature Publishing Group | Self-organizing systems | Scoop.it
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The éToile Platform offers registration to 10 students at ECCS'14, Lucca 22-26 Sept

The éToile Platform offers registration to 10 students at ECCS'14, Lucca 22-26 Sept | Self-organizing systems | Scoop.it

The éToile Platform supports students aiming to participate in the ECCS14 - European Conference in Complex Systems, Lucca, Sept 22-26, 2014 ( http://eccs14.eu ). 10 registrations will be offered to students according to their contributions to the platform.

 

Master and PhD students, from any university, are invited to register in the platform and improve their reputation within the new éToile community.

 

Reputation is related to each one contribution to the "Curriculum in Complex Systems Sciences". See the éToile help on "How to increase your reputation" at http://www.etoileplatform.net/helpincreasereputation

 

The 10 students with more reputation on the 20th May at 11:00am CET will be awarded a registration to ECCS'14 (value of one student registration: € 265).

 

Grab this opportunity and participate !


Via Jorge Louçã, NESS
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Ants Swarm Like Brains Think

Ants Swarm Like Brains Think | Self-organizing systems | Scoop.it

Both ants and brains actually rely on two types of feedback, held in a delicate balance: negative (or inhibitory) feedback, and positive (or excitatory) feedback. “Negative feedback tends to cause stability. Positive feedback tends to cause runaway behavior,” said Tomer Czaczkes, an ant biologist at the University of Regensburg in Germany. “These two simple rules make something very powerful.”

 

http://nautil.us/issue/12/feedback/ants-swarm-like-brains-think ;


Via Complexity Digest
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Eli Levine's curator insight, May 1, 7:14 AM

Small changes in behavior, thought or action can lead to dramatic changes, in time and with persistence, in the overall quality and function of the brain.

 

Imagine if we worked to heal each other and ourselves of our delusions, illusions, false perceptions, misconceptions, anger, depression, anxiety, etc?  What if we invented machines that could help us correct our brains' function, must like how we use glasses or hearing aids to correct our senses?

 

Consciousness must flow through the biological infrastructure of the brain.  You alter that in a majority of the people of this planet, you technically alter the entirety of the universe (although, I would add, that theoretically that higher level of conscious state had always been present, and that it is we who are arriving at it in our perceptions, while the essential universe itself remains unchanged).  This means that we'd simply be adapting to the universe in a more positive fashion, rather than actually altering it; conforming more to its natural law than shifting the paradigm of our existence on this planet, in this place.

 

Cool cool stuff here.

 

Think about it.

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SIX DEGREES OF SEPARATION Trailer

SIX DEGREES OF SEPARATION Trailer | Self-organizing systems | Scoop.it
SIX DEGREES OF SEPARATION Trailer

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How Can the Study of Complexity Transform Our Understanding of the World?

How Can the Study of Complexity Transform Our Understanding of the World? | Self-organizing systems | Scoop.it
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▶ Alessandro Vespignani on theoretical developments for complex networks and systems

This interview with Alessandro Vespignani is about the future of modelling and forecasting of epidemics and is part of the Futurium Talking Futures interview series. More information is available here:

https://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/futurium/en/interviews


Via Jean-Philippe BOCQUENET, Complexity Digest
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The Heart as a Complex Adaptive System

The Heart as a Complex Adaptive System | Self-organizing systems | Scoop.it

There is mounting evidence that the heart is a system onto itself and that it is intimately intertwined with the nervous and endocrine system residing within its borders. The capacity of self-organized systems to adapt is embodied in the functional organization of the intrinsic control mechanisms. How these regulatory subsystems communicate and how uncoupling of the hierarchical organization results in loss of adaptive "fitness"remains a challenge in human biology. The principles by which "emergent properties" and functional order of a self-organizingsystem, such as the heart, achieve (homeo)dynamic stability provide a non-reductionist framework for understanding how biological system adapts to imposed internal and external stresses, e.g., ischemia, organ/tissue transplantation. In particular, the newly emergent dynamics of cardiac rhythm observed after the heart is transplanted may reflect a more stable,versatile and adaptive (as per "law of requisite variety") bipartite whole. The integrative action of the living organism can not be gotten from their concatenated fractions but is evolved "relationally", i.e., it emanates from emergent internal requirements of the constitutive parts.

J. Yasha Kresh, Igor Izrailtyan, Andrew S. Wechsler 
Depts. of Cardiothoracic Surgery and Medicine 
MCP-Hahnemann School of Medicine / Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA


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John Symons's curator insight, December 19, 2013 9:23 AM

deeply interesting study of the dynamics of the heart.  

june holley's curator insight, January 7, 5:09 AM

The heart can help us understand self-organization.

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Eric Berlow: Simplifying complexity

Ecologist Eric Berlow doesn't feel overwhelmed when faced with complex systems. He knows that more information can lead to a better, simpler solution.

Via NESS, Eugene Ch'ng
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António F Fonseca's curator insight, January 1, 4:16 AM

"Complexity is not allways complicated"

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Physicists discover 'clearest evidence yet' that the Universe is a hologram

Physicists discover 'clearest evidence yet' that the Universe is a hologram | Self-organizing systems | Scoop.it
A team of physicists have provided what has been described by the journal Nature as the “clearest evidence yet” that our universe is a hologram.

Via Eugene Ch'ng
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2014 Proposal Workspace - MIT Climate CoLab

In this workspace, you can submit your proposal on what you think should be done to address global climate change. Try out new ideas, connect with other members, recruit collaborators, share your work, engage support, and invite a global community to review and help develop your proposal. This is just to get you started. When we release the 2014 round of Climate CoLab contests, you will be able to move your proposals from here to any relevant contest. All submissions are welcome: technologies, policies, products, public outreach campaigns, educational programs, economic models, community projects; new ideas or improvements on something that already exists; addressing climate change mitigation, adaptation, or geoengineering; local, regional, national, or global in scope.


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How far should we trust scientific models? – Jon Turney – Aeon

How far should we trust scientific models? – Jon Turney – Aeon | Self-organizing systems | Scoop.it
In economics, climate science and public health, computer models help us decide how to act. But can we trust them?

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luiy's curator insight, December 17, 2013 1:23 AM

Here’s a simple recipe for doing science. Find a plausible theory for how some bits of the world behave, make predictions, test them experimentally. If the results fit the predictions, then the theory might describe what’s really going on. If not, you need to think again. Scientific work is vastly diverse and full of fascinating complexities. Still, the recipe captures crucial features of how most of it has been done for the past few hundred years.

 

Now, however, there is a new ingredient. Computer simulation, only a few decades old, is transforming scientific projects as mind-bending as plotting the evolution of the cosmos, and as mundane as predicting traffic snarl-ups. What should we make of this scientific nouvelle cuisine? While it is related to experiment, all the action is in silico — not in the world, or even the lab. It might involve theory, transformed into equations, then computer code. Or it might just incorporate some rough approximations, which are good enough to get by with. Made digestible, the results affect us all.

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How bird flocks are like liquid helium

How bird flocks are like liquid helium | Self-organizing systems | Scoop.it

Mathematical model shows how hundreds of starlings coordinate their movements in flight.

A flock of starlings flies as one, a spectacular display in which each bird flits about as if in a well-choreographed dance. Everyone seems to know exactly when and where to turn. Now, for the first time, researchers have measured how that knowledge moves through the flock—a behavior that mirrors certain quantum phenomena of liquid helium.


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Interview: Prof Geoffrey West on complexity science

CLC interviewed Prof. Geoffrey West, Distinguished Professor and Past President of Sante Fe Institute, at the World Cities Summit 2014 on the study of cities in relation to complexity science....

Via Roger D. Jones, PhD, Complexity Digest
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Non c'è vetro senza frattali - Le Scienze

Non c'è vetro senza frattali - Le Scienze | Self-organizing systems | Scoop.it
Nella vetrificazione, il processo nel quale il vetro allo stato liquido, raffreddandosi, diventa solido, l'insieme delle configurazioni possibili per le molecole ha una struttura frattale. Lo ha dimostrato un nuovo studio di fisica matematica i cui risultati sono stati confermati da una simulazione numerica
Complexity Institute's insight:

"In termini matematici, un frattale è uno oggetto geometrico dotato di una invarianza di scala: in pratica, esso sembra avere la stessa struttura a qualunque scala dimensionale lo si consideri. Le strutture frattali si ritrovano spesso in natura, e accomunano oggetti incredibilmente diversi tra loro, quali possono essere per esempio un broccolo romanesco, un tratto di costa e il bordo di una foglia." 

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Morte annunciata di un sistema economico - Pagina99.it

Morte annunciata di un sistema economico  - Pagina99.it | Self-organizing systems | Scoop.it
Qualsiasi sistema vivente o sociale, se isolato dall’ambiente esterno, degrada, si decompone e scompare: dalle teorie dei sistemi complessi adattativi emerge un’analisi scientifica allarmante della crisi economica attuale.
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Obesity

Obesity | Self-organizing systems | Scoop.it

The best way to lose weight is to eat less and exercise more. But as a strategy to combat obesity at the population level, this common-sense prescription is proving ineffective over the long term. Tailored treatment programmes that factor in the stresses and temptations of the real world, using insights from behavioural research, are showing some success. Drugs may also form part of the solution. Or perhaps the pharmaceutical option should be a last resort, and society should instead use the power of government regulation to encourage healthier lifestyle options.

 

Obesity
• Tony Scully
Nature 508, S49 (17 April 2014) http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/508S49a


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Applications to organize a satellite meeting at ECCS'14 are open

Applications to organize a satellite meeting at ECCS'14 are open | Self-organizing systems | Scoop.it

Prospective organizers are invited to submit an informal proposal (less than 1000 words) by email to satellites@eccs14.eu with subject line 'Satellite proposal'. In the message header, please specify the satellite title, as well as the names and institutions of the members of the organizing committee.
The proposal should include detailed information regarding the subjects covered by the satellite meeting and their relevance to the conference main tracks, relation to previous such meetings, duration of the meeting (from 1/2 day to 2 days), a preliminary schedule
(including a list of invited speakers), paper selection standards, and a budget assessment*.
Also bear in mind that all the participants to a satellite meeting *must be* registered to the main conference.
The deadline for applications for satellite meetings has been now extended to *15 March 2014*.  Official notification of acceptance will be sent on *30 March 2014* at the latest.


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Complexity Explorer -- Course Syllabi

The Course Syllabi database contains a collection of annotated links to course syllabi related to complex systems. These syllabi can be searched according to class topics, institution, instructor, education level, and several other attributes. These syllabi will be useful for instructors developing their own courses on various topics, as well as serving as guides to people who want to learn on their own.


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Robot costruttori che imitano le termiti - Le Scienze

Robot costruttori che imitano le termiti - Le Scienze | Self-organizing systems | Scoop.it
Adottando la strategia di coordinamento delle termiti, gruppi di robot-manovali, autonomi e interscambiabili, sono stati in grado di costruire strutture complesse senza aver bisogno di una precedente pianificazione complessiva delle azioni da eseguire per concludere con successo i diversi progetti 
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Steven Strogatz - Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos: Part 5 - YouTube

Synchronized Chaos and Private Communications, with Kevin Cuomo, MIT Lincoln Laboratory

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The Use of Haiku to Convey Complex Concepts in Neuroscience

The Use of Haiku to Convey Complex Concepts in Neuroscience | Self-organizing systems | Scoop.it

Conveying scientific content with accuracy and fluency takes practice and requires deep understanding of the concepts being conveyed. This depth of knowledge comes from internalizing information and constructing it into a form that is unique and coherent to the individual. Often in science classrooms there is little or no opportunity for students to practice this type of thinking, activities that we believe are fundamental to effective science communication. This article describes the use of haiku – a 17 syllable poem – as a means for students to convey neurobiological concepts in a succinct manner by forcing them to focus on the most salient features of the observed processes. In our assignments haiku writing was successfully paired with explanations of the students’ thought processes (Addiction course) or the scientific evidence to support claims (Neurodegenerative Disease course). We provide examples of student haiku and explanations as evidence of the power of this approach. The coupling of poetry and prose together create rich, accurate descriptions of scientific phenomena by encouraging higher-order thinking. Poetry writing can thus be used across the curriculum to forge comprehension of complex ideas in any discipline and to bridge the arts and the sciences.


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▶ On the Nature of Causality in Complex Systems, George F.R. Ellis - YouTube

Big Bang cosmology, chemical and biological evolutionary theory, and associated sciences have been extraordinarily successful in revealing and enabling us to understand the development of the universe from the Planck era to the present, as well as the emergence of complexity, life, and consciousness here on Earth. After briefly sketching this amazing story, and the key characteristics of nature, this paper will reflect on the different types and levels of causality involved -- stressing the important and pervasive role of highly differentiated and dynamic relationships and networks of relationships. Philosophical considerations build on and enrich scientific ones to probe these relationships. They also take us beyond the limits of strictly scientific methodology to consider and model -- however inadequately -- the ultimate sources of existence and order. This is the issue of creation, which introduces another very different -- and transcendent -- level of causality. We show that this is compatible with the -- and even essential to -- the causalities operative in nature, including those of quantum cosmology, if we acknowledge the limits of physics.

This lecture was delivered by George Ellis during the 16th Kraków Methodological Conference "The Causal Universe", May 17-18, 2012.


Via Bernard Ryefield
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António F Fonseca's curator insight, January 25, 2:57 AM

Very interesting from the philosophical point of view.

Zaphod Beeblebrox's curator insight, January 30, 10:39 AM

This really brings up the question - what is the nature of choice inherent in the universe?  If causality defines itself as the operation of a cause onto a single, definable effect, then how does it relate to the POSSIBILITES that exist as a consequence of probability and human limitation?  In other words, can physics be the perpatrator of - and therefore the potential predictor of - what can be viewed as choice as an inexorable consequence of the surrounding conditions?

Eli Levine's curator insight, March 25, 7:59 PM

I've said it several times before.

 

It's going to take a change in the logic of politics, a different program, as it were, to operate and produce a new base level of hardware.  We are bound by some of the lower levels of physics, biology and psychology and the realities of the economic market.  These are the lower level, mechanistic laws that have to be obeyed first, in order to realize what ought to be a common goal of leading relatively happy, prosperous, sustainable and resilient lives.

 

But the politics, by engaging in a different logic that's not meant to benefit only the well to do, will ultimately save itself from collapse and destruction (ironically, the big goal for conservatives, who are so keen on implementing these boot-licking, elite worshipping and poor-punishing programs and policies) and produce a new effect from the established lower level laws that could, potentially, mitigate against major economic and social collapses that, ultimately, ruins the politics as well.

 

Way cool stuff here.  Very relevant for government and governing policy.

 

Think about it.

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Complexity Rising: From Human Beings to Human Civilization, a Complexity Profile | Yaneer Bar-Yam

Complexity Rising: From Human Beings to Human Civilization, a Complexity Profile | Yaneer Bar-Yam | Self-organizing systems | Scoop.it

It is generally recognized that life is becoming more complex. This article analyzes the 
human social environment using the "complexity profile," a mathematical tool for 
characterizing the collective behavior of a system. The analysis is used to justify the 
qualitative observation that complexity of existence has increased and is increasing. The 
increase in complexity is directly related to sweeping changes in the structure and 
dynamics of human civilization—the increasing interdependence of the global economic 
and social system, and the instabilities of dictatorships, communism and corporate 
hierarchies. Our complex social environment is consistent with identifying global human 
civilization as an organism capable of complex behavior that protects its components 
(us) and which should be capable of responding effectively to complex environmental 
demands


Via Bernard Ryefield
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Lorien Pratt's curator insight, January 25, 6:47 PM

This is so important!  We all feel that things are becoming more complex, now here's some evidence to show we're right. And as we suspected, it comes from increasing interdependence and "sweeping changes in the structure and dynamics of civilization".   Thought so!

Eli Levine's curator insight, February 5, 1:34 PM

You see this in the devolution of religion from hierarchically based forms of morality.

 

Or on the decentralization of wealth from a handful of individuals to the general masses.

 

Or the collaborative work of government, rather than the command and control central systems that dominated the 20th century.

 

We're evolving.

 

And we've only begun this journey.

 

Think about it.

Anastasia Baranowski's curator insight, April 3, 11:40 AM

Dear Sirs,

 

I think that people from different nationalities have to have marriages between different nationalities. The idea is multinational planet, where people live everywhere they want and they don't have any ideas of nationalizm or rasism. In this case all people can live in peace and harmony. No wars, only worldwide police. Economical development is possible only if people from different countries can come to each other and co-operate. The most important problem behind the human race is ecological! All people on the planet have to co-operate and communicate and help each other to save the planet and themselves and future generations!