SRI Global News: Nov. 2023 - Jan. 2024 **sririce.org -- System of Rice Intensification
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SRI 2.0 and Beyond: Sequencing the Protean Evolution of the System of Rice Intensification

SRI 2.0 and Beyond: Sequencing the Protean Evolution of the System of Rice Intensification | SRI Global News: Nov. 2023 - Jan. 2024 **sririce.org -- System of Rice Intensification | Scoop.it

As the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) has evolved in many ways and in several directions over the past two decades, this review follows the evolution of SRI over time. This overview explains how rainfed SRI, direct-seeded SRI, mechanized SRI, and other modifications have emerged since 2000, and how versions of SRI have been adapted to improve the production of other crops such as wheat, finger millet, maize, and sugar cane.

 

SRI thinking and practices are also being incorporated into diversified farming systems, broadening the impact of SRI beyond monoculture to achieve broader objectives like the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and the conservation of biodiversity. SRI observations and research have been contributing to the crop and soil sciences by focusing attention on plant roots and soil ecology and by showing how crop management can elicit more desirable phenotypes from a given genotype.

SRI-Rice's insight:

Norman Uphoff. 2023. SRI 2.0 and beyond: Sequencing the protean evolution of the System of Rice Intensification. Agronomy 13(5): 1253. doi:10.3390/agronomy13051253

Orientation Professionnelle's curator insight, December 27, 2023 3:39 PM

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INDIA: System of Crop Intensification (ICSCI 2022) for Climate Smart, Food and Nutritional Security - An International Conference

At this conference (note new dates!), the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) and System of Crop Intensification (SCI) [which includes a wider range of crops] will be considered in terms of policy, farming systems research, climate change, resource conservation technologies, resource use efficiency, etc.
Date: Dec. 12-14, 2022
Venue: [hybid] ICAR - Indian Institute of Rice  Research, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad, India
Organized by: Society for Advancement of Rice Research
Registration: https://forms.gle/gesvRdQbupjaJie26
More information:  See website or e-mail: icsci82022@gmail.com  or kumaricsci2022@gmail.com

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MALI:  From West Africa, Here Comes the Next Miracle Grain: Fonio

MALI:  From West Africa, Here Comes the Next Miracle Grain: Fonio | SRI Global News: Nov. 2023 - Jan. 2024 **sririce.org -- System of Rice Intensification | Scoop.it

Fonio may be Africa’s oldest cultivated cereal crop, with an ancient lineage going back more than 5,000 years. Because it matures quickly rural communities have long counted on fonio to bridge the lean season between harvests. Now, a research project carried out by Cornell’s Climate-Resilient Farming Systems (CRFS) program and the NGO 3-A Sahel in Mali has found that, after two years of study, farmers in the Mopti region almost doubled their yields of fonio by adapting System of Rice Intensification (SRI) principles.

 

Significantly less seed was needed (12 kilograms per hectare compared to 20) and plants were taller, stronger and had more tillers, or shoots, sprouting off from the main stem to produce more seeds. Yolélé Foods, which is determined to bring fonio to a wider audience, is helping fonio farmers wilth better milling technology and marketing.

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INDIA: Financial Security from Agriculture | Rajiv Gandhi Charitable Trust

INDIA: Financial Security from Agriculture | Rajiv Gandhi Charitable Trust | SRI Global News: Nov. 2023 - Jan. 2024 **sririce.org -- System of Rice Intensification | Scoop.it

RGMVP teaches System of Rice Intensification (SRI) and System of Wheat Intensification (SWI), which leads to yield improvement due to better root development... The farmers trained in SRI/SWI methods have experienced yields increase by 30 per cent.

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BELGIUM / NETHERLANDS: Seeding Rates -- Influence on Phenotypic Expression of Wheat Populations for Participatory Plant Breeding

BELGIUM / NETHERLANDS: Seeding Rates -- Influence on Phenotypic Expression of Wheat Populations for Participatory Plant Breeding | SRI Global News: Nov. 2023 - Jan. 2024 **sririce.org -- System of Rice Intensification | Scoop.it

 In Belgium and The Netherlands, bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is getting attention. The few varieties available are pure lines that do not match the range of environments and organic farming practices, so  yields and milling quality are often disappointing.

 

Composite Cross Populations (CCP) have been created with the idea of evolutionary plant breeding through on-farm mass selection and seed saving. In 2015–2016, one CCP of winter wheat was cropped side by side with a pure line variety in four organic farms with different wheat cropping practices. Seeding rates ranged from the standard high to the very low ones practiced under the System of Wheat Intensification (SWI). Multivariate data analysis confirmed greater differentiation of the CCP both compared with pure line varieties and within populations where inter-plant competition was less intense. Low seeding rates seem to enhance phenotypic expression potential of a CCP, yet this is often neglected by plant breeders. Since both CCP and SWI have great potential for ecological intensification within organic farming, more work is needed to combine innovation in farming practices and on-farm plant breeding.

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NAGALAND, INDIA: A review: System of Crop Intensification on field crops

NAGALAND, INDIA: A review: System of Crop Intensification on field crops | SRI Global News: Nov. 2023 - Jan. 2024 **sririce.org -- System of Rice Intensification | Scoop.it
With the ever increasing demand for food accompanied by the constraints of climate change and the availability and quality of soil and water, the farmers are challenged to produce more food per hectare with less water and with fewer agrochemical inputs if possible. The ideas and methods of the system of rice intensification which is improving irrigated rice production are now being extended and adapted to many other crops viz., wheat, maize, finger millet, sugarcane, legumes, vegetables, and even spices. Promoting better root growth and enhancing the soil’s fertility with organic materials are being found effective means for raising the yields of many crop plants with less water, less fertilizer, reduced seeds, fewer agrochemicals, and greater climate resilience. The principles and practices that improve the productivity and resilience of these varied crops are broadly referred to as the system of crop intensification (SCI).
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INDIA: 2019 International Conference on Innovative Climate-Smart Sustainable Crop Production Systems For Livelihood Security

INDIA: 2019 International Conference on Innovative Climate-Smart Sustainable Crop Production Systems For Livelihood Security | SRI Global News: Nov. 2023 - Jan. 2024 **sririce.org -- System of Rice Intensification | Scoop.it

ICPS-2019
International Conference on Innovative Climate-Smart Sustainable Crop Production Systems For Livelihood Security.

  • Experiences and empirical evidence on refining the understanding of SRI
  • Experiences with extending SRI concepts to other crops (sugarcane, wheat, pulses, oilseeds, nutri crops, vegetables etc.) and other systems (conservation agriculture, ZBNM, etc.)
  • Socio-economic analyses of ICPS regarding food, nutrition and livelihood security, gender equity, and labour issues
  • Role and contribution of ICPS towards improving agroecosystems, climate-resilience, and soil and human health.
  • Experiences and challenges on scaling-up of ICPS
SRI-Rice's insight:
Conference will be held Dec. 19-22, 2019 at the SRM Institute of Science & Technology, Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu. Abstract submission closes Sept 30, Register here: https://www.srmist.edu.in/forms/icps-2019-registration
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UTTARAKHAND, INDIA: #WhySRI - Dr Ravi Chopra tells us his story

UTTARAKHAND, INDIA: #WhySRI - Dr Ravi Chopra tells us his story | SRI Global News: Nov. 2023 - Jan. 2024 **sririce.org -- System of Rice Intensification | Scoop.it

#SRI is the System of Rice Intensification. It’s a new approach to cultivating crops – not just paddy or rice – and it tries to understand the principles of nature and maximise the various energies that are present in the microbes, in the soil, in the water and in the air. My name is Ravi Chopra and I work as a research scientist at People’s Science Institute.. The story goes back about 10 or 12 years...

 

Bc Barah's curator insight, June 5, 2019 1:14 AM
Technique of SRI emerged from grass root (farmers centric), unlike the top down technique. It is easy to adopt once farmers realize its merit and rap the benefits. Let the institutions gear up, create awareness and prepare action plan to achieve sustainable food security of the people.

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LIBERIA: Community of Hope Agriculture Project (CHAP) - Activities and Impact Update for the Ministry of Agriculture

Presentation by Robert Bimba (Community of Hope Agriculture) to the Ministry of Agriculture in  Liberia (January 11, 2019).
CHAP, an SRI pioneer in Liberia, has been helping to improve farmers' productivity since 2008. Among other activities, CHAP provides leadership in SRI/SCI extension and helps farmers adapt and access new equipment, acquire certified seed, develop local markets for rice, and trial organic inputs.

SRI-Rice's insight:

CHAP just finished working on a two year project associated with the Japanese Rice Grant (entitled ‘Economic recovery of Liberian rice farmers in Ebola affected counties’). The project, which worked with 9,000 farmers in five counties and promoted SRI, was funded by the Japanese Govt. through IFAD. See impact report on the SRI-Rice website for more information.

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UTTAR PRADESH, INDIA: Bumper vegetable, wheat yields push back farm distress in UP

UTTAR PRADESH, INDIA: Bumper vegetable, wheat yields push back farm distress in UP | SRI Global News: Nov. 2023 - Jan. 2024 **sririce.org -- System of Rice Intensification | Scoop.it

At a time when farmers  are feeling marginalised, many unable to meet the rising costs of seeds and fertilisers, and weighed down by loans they are unable to pay back, farmers from Chittaura block of Bahraich, Uttar Pradesh, with help from the Aga Khan Foundation (AKF), are upbeat. Their fields are lush green with vegetables and golden brown with the ripened and harvested wheat.

Using System of Rice Intensification (SRI) and System of Wheat Intensification (SWI), yields of both crops have increased 50 to 100 per cent; additional income has come from high value vegetables.

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ETHIOPIA: Intensification and semi-intensification of tef production in Ethiopia: applications of the System of Crop Intensification.

"Future strategies for sustainable food security will need to get greater productivity from available land, labour, water and other resources, producing more food, as much as possible, with reduced inputs. The System of Crop Intensification (SCI) which emerged from an agroecological production strategy developed for rice in Madagascar in the 1980s has shown promise in various countries for raising the yields of diverse crops with less reliance on purchased external inputs, using less seed and needing less water because of enhanced root growth and soil improvement. Here we review the adaptation and application of SCI principles to increasing the production and availability of Ethiopia's most important indigenous grain crop, tef."

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AFGHANISTAN: The System of Wheat Intensification (SWI) in Afghanistan - YouTube

In Afghanistan, weeds are the major problem in wheat cultivation. To improve the productivity of wheat, the FAO-MAIL IPM project introduced the System of Wheat Intensification (SWI) several years ago. Two simple devices were introduced. The first one is a wooden rake suitable to make furrows in perfect rows. The rake can be pulled by animals or by hand. Seeds are then sown in the furrows by hands or by drum seeders, another tool to make sowing faster. After germination of the seeds, when plants are 4 to 5 centimeters tall, the second device, a rotary weeder cleans the weeds and aerates the soil, which supports better growth of wheat plants. Two to three times weeding at 10-15 days intervals is sufficient. [For larger-scale projects,  mechanical drum seeders can be attached to a tractor or power tiller.] 

SRI-Rice's insight:

The System of Wheat Intensification (SWI) is based on SRI principles. A version of this video in Afghanistan's Dari language is also available at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aGJZoj_iWkE

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Visit the SRI-Rice website!

Visit the SRI-Rice website! | SRI Global News: Nov. 2023 - Jan. 2024 **sririce.org -- System of Rice Intensification | Scoop.it

Welcome to SRI-Rice Online!
SRI-Rice ONLINE and its associated social networking sites are maintained by the SRI International Network and Resources Center (SRI-Rice) at Cornell University. SRI-Rice ONLINE contains the most comprehensive collection of information on the System of Rice Intensification globally. Many of the documents we publish come directly from our partners: Farmers, researchers, NGOs, government agencies and other stakeholders from around the world.

SRI-Rice's insight:

Haven't been to the SRI-Rice website recently? The SRI-Rice website (http://sririce.org) has video collections and field manuals in several languages, pages for individual countries, access to the SRI Research Network and database,  and links to various social media platforms. Write to us if you can't find what you need! sririce@cornell.edu

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SRI 1.0 and Beyond: Understanding the System of Crop Intensification as SRI 3.0

SRI 1.0 and Beyond: Understanding the System of Crop Intensification as SRI 3.0 | SRI Global News: Nov. 2023 - Jan. 2024 **sririce.org -- System of Rice Intensification | Scoop.it

...SRI 2.0 is a set of adaptations of the original practices to be effective under different constraints or opportunities. The principles remain the same – rainfed SRI, direct-seeded SRI, mechanized SRI, etc. SRI 3.0 is the extension and adaptation of SRI ideas and principles to other crops – wheat, millet, sugarcane, mustard, etc. – in other words, the System of Crop Intensification. SRI 4.0 is the integration of SRI ideas into farming systems, going beyond monocropping. SRI 5.0 is the use of SRI beyond agricultural production like reducing GHG emissions, climate-proofing crops, improving women’s working conditions, increasing the nutritional quality, and other ‘externalities’. SRI 6.0 is the research to advance scientific understanding of how and why SRI works. (These versions are not sequential).

 

SRI has shown the prime importance of two factors: plant roots  and the life in the soil. SRI seeks to elicit the genetic potentials to evoke better, more robust phenotypes from a given variety (genotype). In a changing climate, it will become important to grow crops with bigger root systems in soils that have greater abundance of beneficial soil organisms.

SRI-Rice's insight:

This paper accompanied Norman Uphoff's keynote address at the International Conference on the System of Crop Intensification for Climate-Smart Livelihoods and Nutritional Security (ICSCI22) that took place December 12-14, 2022, at ICAR, Hyderabad, India. [This paper, along with other lead speakers' presentations, is included in a special edition (vol. 15) of SARR's Journal of Rice Research: https://sarr.co.in/2023/02/05/volume-15-special-issue/]

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ODISHA, INDIA: Best Method-SMI in Finger Millet Enhances Productivity

ODISHA, INDIA: Best Method-SMI in Finger Millet Enhances Productivity | SRI Global News: Nov. 2023 - Jan. 2024 **sririce.org -- System of Rice Intensification | Scoop.it

SMI in Finger Millet:

"SMI stands for System of Millet Intensification. It is similar to SRI (System of Rice Intensification) in rice. This method of agronomic practice is to enhance productivity and to increase the production in Millets. Now SMI in Finger Millet is practiced by most of the farmers in Odisha under Odisha Millet Mission. This practice is getting popular in the farmer field because it is giving promising yield as compared to the traditional method. Generally, this method is followed only for Finger Millet. But this year I made a trial with Barnyard Millet and the performance is good. Let us see the package of practices followed in SMI..."

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INDIA: Indigenous youth in agriculture during COVID-19

INDIA: Indigenous youth in agriculture during COVID-19 | SRI Global News: Nov. 2023 - Jan. 2024 **sririce.org -- System of Rice Intensification | Scoop.it

The COVID-19 pandemic has forced many people to re-examine everything: their priorities, their jobs, even their roles in society. Here are success stories of several indigenous farmers from India who have studied and applied the System of Crop Intensification during the COVID pandemic.

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System of Rice Intensification - Over 500 PowerPoint Presentations on SRI and SCI!

System of Rice Intensification - Over 500 PowerPoint Presentations on SRI and SCI! | SRI Global News: Nov. 2023 - Jan. 2024 **sririce.org -- System of Rice Intensification | Scoop.it

SRI-Rice has uploaded hundreds of PowerPoint presentations about SRI and SCI over the past 15 years... You can find them here!

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Agronomy | Contribute to the Special Issue on The System of Rice Intensification (SRI)

Agronomy | Contribute to the Special Issue on The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) | SRI Global News: Nov. 2023 - Jan. 2024 **sririce.org -- System of Rice Intensification | Scoop.it

Articles are being accepted UNTIL NOV. 1 for an upcoming special edition of Agronomy that will focus on the  System of Rice Intensification (SRI)!  As SRI methods have been found repeatedly to evoke more productive and robust rice phenotypes from given genotypes, its use has spread, and the methodology has now been validated in >60 countries. During this process, the practices that apply SRI’s basic principles have been diversified and modified. For example, SRI is now applied for rainfed and direct-seeded rice, not only to transplanted, irrigated cultivation. SRI principles have also been extrapolated to other crops, such as wheat, sugarcane, millet, mustard, teff, etc.

SRI-Rice's insight:

Time is running out to contribute an article as the deadline for submission is November 1, 2020! [Please send abstract first] This issue, to be edited by Norman Uphoff, will present findings on ways in which SRI concepts are being utilized in diverse environments with modified practices, such as reducing labor requirements through mechanization and improving the productivity of crops other than rice. It will thus update understanding and application of the original ideas that constitute SRI, welcoming critical and empirical evaluations of SRI.

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ODISHA, INDIA: System of Millet Intensification, Finger Millet (Ragi) - YouTube

SMI is an acronym for System of Millet Intensification. This method has been developed on the lines of the SRI (System of Rice Intensification) for paddy with emphasis on root intensification. It leads to lower seed requirement, easier intercultural operations, more tillers and panicles.

Farmers have been experiencing higher yield under SMI method, upto 20-25 quintals per hectare. Some farmers have experienced yield of over 30 quintals per hectare as well. The Odisha Millets Mission is promoting SMI for Ragi.

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Développer le potentiel du système de riziculture intensive

Développer le potentiel du système de riziculture intensive | SRI Global News: Nov. 2023 - Jan. 2024 **sririce.org -- System of Rice Intensification | Scoop.it

Solutions intelligentes face au climat

Le SRI et le SCI sont des techniques d’“agriculture intelligente face au climat” car les cultures qui suivent ces principes sont moins affectées par les sécheresses, tempêtes, inondations et températures extrêmes. Elles sont aussi moins vulnérables aux nuisibles et aux maladies, ce qui limite le besoin de protection agrochimique, au bénéfice de la santé du sol et de la qualité de l’eau. Ces effets sont dus à des racines plus solides et profondes, à une meilleure nutrition des plantes et aux services des micro-organismes dans le sol. En évitant d’inonder continuellement les rizières, le SRI entraîne aussi d’importantes réductions des émissions de gaz à effet de serre. En outre, comme il permet aussi une application plus limitée d’engrais azotés, le SRI contribue à atténuer le changement climatique, tout en aidant les agriculteurs à s’adapter à ses risques.

Le SRI et le SCI sont tous deux en plein développement, mais il existe désormais une importante base de littérature scientifique sur le SRI, avec plus de 1 000 articles déjà publiés. Plus de 20 millions d’agriculteurs profitent probablement déjà des principes et méthodes SRI, même si leur diffusion doit se faire au fur et à mesure, pays par pays, avec peu de soutien institutionnel. Cependant, l’approche SRI est désormais reconnue par de nombreuses ONG et organismes donateurs, comme la FAO, le FIDA, Oxfam et la Banque mondiale.

SRI-Rice's insight:

This article by Norman Uphoff, which is published on May 31 in  SPORE magazine, is also available in English with the title "Realising the System of Rice Intensification's potential."

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TAJIKISTAN: System for Rice Intensification: Enhancing food security and increasing income for smallholder farmers in Tajikistan

Oxfam has launched an ambitious System for Crop Intensification (SCI) programme in Tajikistan with a view to transforming crop productivity and the food security landscape in the country. Oxfam has launched an ambitious System for Crop Intensification (SCI) programme in Tajikistan with a view to transforming crop productivity and the food security landscape in the country. Within the broader framework of SCI, a field trial of System for Rice Intensification (SRI) was carried out in Khatlon region in the summer cropping season of 2018. Preliminary results from the limited trial show an increase in rice productivity of up to 60% using standard SRI methodology (compared with traditional methods). Furthermore, there was a dramatic reduction in the use of seeds, fertilizers and water, which led to a significant cutback in the cost of rice cultivation for farmers.

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BIHAR, INDIA: Anil Verma | Strengthening grassroots for self-sustenance

BIHAR, INDIA: Anil Verma | Strengthening grassroots for self-sustenance | SRI Global News: Nov. 2023 - Jan. 2024 **sririce.org -- System of Rice Intensification | Scoop.it

Many of us are aware of the impact of Anil Verma’s work on SRI/SCI through the NGO he founded in Bihar-- Preservation and Proliferation of Rural Resources and Nature (PRAN). At a recent Rural India conference organized by Vikas Anvesh Foundation, he was recognized for his work, along with 16 others. You can read more about his amazing story here....

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JHARKHAND, INIDA: Empowering Jharkhand’s female farmers

JHARKHAND, INIDA: Empowering Jharkhand’s female farmers | SRI Global News: Nov. 2023 - Jan. 2024 **sririce.org -- System of Rice Intensification | Scoop.it

..The first training that Saraswati and the women in her self help group received in 2014 was of seed treatment and SRI (the system of rice intensification), known locally as sribidi. The MKSP has had a few set-backs – most notably in the form of unpredictable rains. In the first year, the kharif of 2014, the farmers had sown paddy, as usual, on both lowland (donr) and upland (tanr). The rains failed, and the paddy on the upland died. Yet while other farmers’ paddy in the lowland turned yellow and died, Saraswati’s paddy crop retained a healthy green colour. For this reason, from 2015 onwards they have only practiced sribidi in lowland paddy where water is assured. Under MKSP the female farmers also received training on SMI (system of millet intensification).

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INDIA & W. AFRICA: Opportunities for ecological intensification: Lessons and insights from the System of Rice/Crop Intensification - implications for agricultural research and development approaches

INDIA & W. AFRICA: Opportunities for ecological intensification: Lessons and insights from the System of Rice/Crop Intensification - implications for agricultural research and development approaches | SRI Global News: Nov. 2023 - Jan. 2024 **sririce.org -- System of Rice Intensification | Scoop.it

This paper seeks to capitalize on the lessons learned from SRI, also with respect to other crops, and explores additional opportunities for intensification based on ecological processes as supported by insights from (soil) microbiological, biochemical and molecular research. Recent studies suggest that soil organic matter, plant roots, soil biota and biodiversity of plants and (micro-) organisms - rather than agrochemicals - will be the critical elements of environment-friendly and sustainable forms of agriculture. To capitalize on these factors, large reductions in plant densities (>50%) would be required to allow expanded root systems as the basis for increased plant physiological efficiency. The paper elaborates also on the socioeconomic/cultural issues involved in possible transitions as farmer's technical/managerial skills and insights were crucial in the successful introduction and dissemination of SRI practices so far.

SRI-Rice's insight:

Stoop, W. A., et al. 2017. Opportunities for ecological intensification: lessons and insights from the System of Rice/crop Intensification - their implications for agricultural research and development approaches. CAB Reviews 12(036): 1-19. [The article is based on an extensive review of literature complemented by field observations and farmer interviews in different parts of India and West Africa.]

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GLOBAL: SRI-Rice Resources (What we found during 2017!)

GLOBAL: SRI-Rice Resources (What we found during 2017!) | SRI Global News: Nov. 2023 - Jan. 2024 **sririce.org -- System of Rice Intensification | Scoop.it

Happy New Year! Here's a recap of what SRI-Rice at Cornell found and either linked to or uploaded during 2017! We linked to (among others) 275 press/blogs/website articles; 130+ research articles/theses; 68 videos; and 39 PowerPoints. We have also uploaded project documents and other material from numerous countries to help our SRI colleagues share their successes. You can find the 2017 compilation along with info from the past several decades in the SRI online library.

SRI-Rice's insight:

We hope you'll enjoy the 2017 System of Rice Intensification (SRI) collection. As our listings go back several decades, we are happy to help you to use our online library or research databases if you get lost! Just write to: sririce@cornell.edu

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