SRI Global News: Nov. 2023 - Jan. 2024 **sririce.org -- System of Rice Intensification
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IRAQ: Water Savings, Yield, and Economic Benefits of Using SRI Methods with Deficit Irrigation in Water-Scarce Southern Iraq

IRAQ: Water Savings, Yield, and Economic Benefits of Using SRI Methods with Deficit Irrigation in Water-Scarce Southern Iraq | SRI Global News: Nov. 2023 - Jan. 2024 **sririce.org -- System of Rice Intensification | Scoop.it

This study evaluated what intervals of irrigation in conjunction with the use of SRI methods could achieve the greatest economic, as well as agronomic returns when growing irrigated rice under the water-deficit conditions of southern Iraq. A field study at the Al-Mishkhab Rice Research Station in southern Iraq recorded input and output data for three different irrigation regimes: continuous submergence of the rice crop; irrigation at 3-day intervals; and irrigation at 7-day intervals. Benefit–cost analysis showed 3-day intervals with SRI methods, giving the highest net returns and highest internal rate of return, indicating that the continuous irrigation of rice fields is a waste of water, with neither agronomic nor economic benefit. In Iraq, there are large opportunity costs for any unnecessary use of irrigation water. The highest water productivity was achieved with 7-day intervals of irrigation together with SRI methods, but this entails some sacrifice of the yield ha−1, as 13% less grain is produced than with continuous submergence of the crop. With 7-day intervals compared to 3-day intervals, water-saving was 44%, but compared to continuous submergence of the crop, the water-saving was 72%. This large amount of water could, if redeployed, enable many more farmers to cultivate larger areas of the land, increasing total rice production for Iraq.

SRI-Rice's insight:

See also the related video on SRI in Iraq by Khidhir Hameed--
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KOM4KYWKM5Y

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IRAQ: System of Rice Intensification -- SRI

SRI presentation by Khidhir Abbas Hameed delivered at a webinar (Dec. 8-9, 2020) on Sustainable Rice Production organized by the Central & West Asian Rice Center. Follow-up activities are being planned by the Center.

SRI-Rice's insight:

For more information on SRI in Iraq, see the Iraq page maintained by SRI-Rice at http://sri.cals.cornell.edu/countries/iraq/. See CWARice's Sustainable Rice Production webinar page for more about the two-day event.

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CENTRAL & WEST ASIA: Rice production training to focus on the System of Rice Intensification

CENTRAL & WEST ASIA: Rice production training to focus on the System of Rice Intensification | SRI Global News: Nov. 2023 - Jan. 2024 **sririce.org -- System of Rice Intensification | Scoop.it

A three-day training in Iran on the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) is being sponsored in May/June by the Central & Western Asia Rice Center (CWARice). The primary trainers will come from Iraq and Iran. The event is intended for rice scientists, rice experts/practitioners and professional rice growers.

SRI-Rice's insight:

This is the first international SRI training that we know of in this part of the world!

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IRAQ: First Master's Thesis on System of Rice Intensification (SRI)  in Iraq Completed

IRAQ: First Master's Thesis on System of Rice Intensification (SRI)  in Iraq Completed | SRI Global News: Nov. 2023 - Jan. 2024 **sririce.org -- System of Rice Intensification | Scoop.it

Laith Naeem Hassouni from the College of Agriculture in Baghdad University completed his master's thesis on the effects of irrigation scheduling and the application of organic matter on rice yield under SRI. The thesis showed great benefits from water reduction contributing to a yield increase of 29.5%...

SRI-Rice's insight:

Congratulations to Laith Naeem Hassouni!

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CENTRAL/WESTERN ASIA: SRI Trials in Azerbaijan, Turkey and Iraq Sponsored by CWA-Rice

CENTRAL/WESTERN ASIA: SRI Trials in Azerbaijan, Turkey and Iraq Sponsored by CWA-Rice | SRI Global News: Nov. 2023 - Jan. 2024 **sririce.org -- System of Rice Intensification | Scoop.it

[December 2021]

At the Central and West Asia Rice Center (CWA-Rice) annual meeting, a virtual training course on Sustainable Rice Production was held, which began with SRI. At the start of the 2021 rice season, the head of CWA-Rice Center decided to implement the SRI system with a unified experiment in three member-countries: Iraq, Turkey, and Azerbaijan.
During the past four rice seasons (2018-2021), the Iraqi Ministry of Agriculture included SRI system in its annual scientific program at the Al-Mishkhab Rice Research Station. The ministry also recognized Distinguished Rice Farmers who practice SRI rice-growing in Iraqi provinces, producing high-grade rice seed with nearly 100% purity.

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IRAQ: Khidhir Abbas Hameed presents SRI research from three provinces

IRAQ: Khidhir Abbas Hameed presents SRI research from three provinces | SRI Global News: Nov. 2023 - Jan. 2024 **sririce.org -- System of Rice Intensification | Scoop.it

Studies were conducted in farmers' fields during 2019  in three provinces in southern Iraq to compare SRI methods with farmers’ conventional farming methods (CFM) in terms of grain yield and components of yield. The results of the study were presented by Khidhir Abbas Hameed at the Scientific Symposium held at Muthanna University, Iraq, on Jan. 13, 2020. In all cases, SRI had a more favorable effect on grain yield and components of yield when compared to CFM. SRI also produced higher grain yield: 25.6% in at Muthanna province, 24.5% in Najaf province, and 13.2% in Diwaniya province.

 

This study showed that SRI can produce higher yield (>25%) and better plant performance with increased resilience. At the same time, SRI reduces water requirements by >25%, which is important due to the severe water shortages in Iraq. As an environment-friendly, input-saving and yield-enhancing strategy, the Ministry of Agriculture of Iraq has included SRI as one of the components of its National High Yielding Rice Seeds Production Program.

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 IRAQ - حلقة جديدةمن  البرنامج الزراعي غذاؤنا من ارضنا

An Iraqi video from a TV news show called "Our Food from our Land". The first 7 minutes of this 18 minute news clip are about rice production, in which Khidhir Abbas Hameed explains about SRI principles of organic inputs, wider spacing, and reduced water use with AWD. The Agriculture Extension and Training Center in Najaf convened the rice farmers using Farmer Field School methods.

SRI-Rice's insight:

Khidhir A. Hameed also made presentations on SRI in Iraq at the 5th International Rice Congress in Singapore and Asia SRI Networks Workshop in Malaysia. His presentations will appear in upcoming newsletters focusing on these events.

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IRAQ: Research on the Influence of Irrigation Periods and Organic Manure on SRI-Grown Rice

IRAQ: Research on the Influence of Irrigation Periods and Organic Manure on SRI-Grown Rice | SRI Global News: Nov. 2023 - Jan. 2024 **sririce.org -- System of Rice Intensification | Scoop.it

Because of positive results with the SRI system, Iraq's Ministry of Agriculture and Ministry of High Education and Scientific Research have planned to do studies on the SRI system and put it into their approaches to developing the rice sector in Iraq.

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