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Many HIV-positive people not receiving recommended prevention counselling as part of their routine care

Many HIV-positive people not receiving recommended prevention counselling as part of their routine care | HelpHiv | Scoop.it

Approximately half
of HIV-positive people in the United States are not receiving prevention
counselling as part of their routine care, results of a study published in the
online edition of AIDS show.
“We found that
less than half our clinic-based sample reported receiving individual-level
HIV/STD prevention counseling from healthcare providers,” comment the authors.

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VIHdéo game, un serious game sur le SIDA

VIHdéo game, un serious game sur le SIDA | HelpHiv | Scoop.it
Le laboratoire Janssen, en partenariat avec l’association Sida Info Service, a mis au point un serious game pour informer sur le VIH.

Via Philippe Marchal/Pharma Hub
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HIV negative men who have sex with men should consider taking daily antiretroviral, says WHO

Men who have sex with men and who have tested negative for HIV are being urged by the World Health Organization to consider including antiretroviral drugs as part of their standard HIV preventive measures.

The recommendation comes in new guidelines published by WHO for people most at risk of HIV infection.1 Modelling carried out by WHO showed that the incidence of HIV among men who have sex with men could be cut by 20-25% over the next 10 years, equivalent to one million new infections, if they followed the recommendation.

WHO said that the continuing high incidence of HIV worldwide among men who have sex with men indicated that this additional measure, known as pre-exposure prophylaxis, was necessary. The guidelines quote the iPrEx study,2 which found that the rate of new HIV infections in men who were given a daily pill containing two HIV drugs was nearly 44% lower than the rate in men who were given a placebo.

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HIV/AIDS - Una selezione di articoli per ridurre lo stigma e sensibilizzare al test

HIV/AIDS - Una selezione di articoli per ridurre lo stigma e sensibilizzare al test | HelpHiv | Scoop.it

 Il materiale presentato (articoli e guide) è una risorsa per cittadini, operatori e decisori. Segui l'hashtag #HIVstigma su Symplur e scopri quali influencer stanno parlando di stigma e HIV sulla rete. 
Aree tematiche --> [aids

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Challenging HIV stigma 'essential' to boosting prevention: expert

Challenging HIV stigma 'essential' to boosting prevention: expert | HelpHiv | Scoop.it
Challenging negative assumptions around HIV is essential in halting the disease's spread, experts say.

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Reducing Stigma and Discrimination Related to HIV and AIDS : EngenderHealth

Reducing Stigma and Discrimination Related to HIV and AIDS : EngenderHealth | HelpHiv | Scoop.it

Stigma and discrimination related to HIV and AIDS are almost as old as the pandemic itself, and, regrettably, often exist in health care settings. Discrimination against people living with HIV or AIDS results in poor quality of care for those who are infected or ill (or suspected of being infected), frightens away potential clients in need of care, and undermines effective HIV prevention efforts by limiting individuals' access to and use of health care services. - See more at: http://www.engenderhealth.org/pubs/hiv-aids-sti/reducing-stigma.php#sthash.X84e8LTz.dpuf

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HIV testing and management of newly diagnosed HIV

HIV testing and management of newly diagnosed HIV | HelpHiv | Scoop.it
  • HIV testing is the gateway to both HIV treatment and HIV prevention

  • Patients with a diagnosis of HIV infection before moderate to severe immunosuppression occurs should plan for a normal life expectancy with effective access to antiretroviral therapy

  • The UK HIV epidemic continues to grow and remains marred by a high proportion of cases (50%) diagnosed at a late stage in the clinical course of the infection, and a persistent undiagnosed fraction (22% of patients living with HIV are unaware of their status)

  • Every clinician can, and should, offer patients an HIV test in line with national guidelines

  • Primary HIV infection should be considered, and an HIV test offered to all patients with a mononucleosis-like illness

  • All patients living with HIV infection should be encouraged to disclose their HIV status to other healthcare providers, especially their general practitioner

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New videos combat HIV stigma with human stories

New videos combat HIV stigma with human stories | HelpHiv | Scoop.it
A BRAND new series of videos that aims to break down the stigma surrounding HIV has just been released by HIV Foundation Queensland. In the series, which was made in
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President of Brazil joins the UNAIDS’ Protect the Goal campaign

President of Brazil joins the UNAIDS’ Protect the Goal campaign | HelpHiv | Scoop.it
President of Brazil Dilma Rousseff joined on 10 June the UNAIDS’ Protect the Goal campaign to raise global awareness of HIV.
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Living with HIV when over 50

Living with HIV when over 50 | HelpHiv | Scoop.it
About a quarter of the 100,000 people with HIV in the UK are aged over 50.
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Barriers to HIV Testing in Older Children

Barriers to HIV Testing in Older Children | HelpHiv | Scoop.it

Medical Xpress reported on a study in which Rashida A. Ferrand of the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine and colleagues examined the offer and acceptance of provider-initiated HIV testing and counseling (PITC) for 6–15-year olds. PITC entails healthcare workers routinely offering HIV testing and counseling during health visits. The researchers collected and analyzed data from six Harare, Zimbabwe, clinics. Results show that of 2,831 children eligible, providers offered PITC to approximately three-quarters of them; 1,534 (54.2 percent) accepted. Researchers diagnosed HIV infection in approximately one in 20 (5.3 percent) of the children. One of five of the accompanying guardians also tested positive for HIV infection. Healthcare workers’ reasons for not offering PITC include their perceived unsuitability of the guardian to give consent on the child’s behalf and lack of availability of staff or testing kits. Healthcare workers were less likely to offer testing to asymptomatic and older children or children with a male or a younger guardian. Also, male guardians were less likely to consent to testing. Healthcare workers expressed concern about abusive treatment if the child tested positive, and were uncertain if testing the guardian was mandatory; whether only a parent, if living, could legally give consent; or if parents were alive but not present, whether asking consent from another adult raised ethical concerns that a child’s positive test might reveal the status of a parent who did not provide consent. Ferrand concluded that fear of stigma for the child and family seemed to discourage caregivers from testing children, and suggested clearer guidelines, greater staff support and training, and organizational adjustments in clinics would improve healthcare workers’ commitment and properly implement HIV testing and counseling. The full report, “Barriers to Provider-Initiated Testing and Counselling for Children in a High HIV Prevalence Setting: A Mixed Methods Study,” was published online in the journal PLoS Medicine (2014; doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001649).

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Using Online Social Media for Recruitment of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Positive Participants: A Cross-Sectional Survey

Using Online Social Media for Recruitment of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Positive Participants: A Cross-Sectional Survey | HelpHiv | Scoop.it

There are many challenges in recruiting and engaging participants when conducting research, especially with HIV-positive individuals. Some of these challenges include geographical barriers, insufficient time and financial resources, and perceived HIV-related stigma.

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Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender–Related Content in Undergraduate Medical Education

Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender–Related Content in Undergraduate Medical Education | HelpHiv | Scoop.it
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals experience health and health care disparities and have specific health care needs. Medical education organizations have called for LGBT-sensitive training, but how and to what extent schools educate students to deliver comprehensive LGBT patient care is unknown.
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Sida : le traitement préventif anti-VIH, une solution contre l'épidémie ?

Sida : le traitement préventif anti-VIH, une solution contre l'épidémie ? | HelpHiv | Scoop.it
Alors que la Conférence mondiale sur le sida débute en Australie, l'OMS recommande aux personnes les plus "exposées" un traitement préventif pour réduire le risque d'infection. Efficace ?

Via L'Info Autrement
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PREEXPOSURE PROPHYLAXIS FOR THE PREVENTION OF HIV INFECTION IN THE UNITED STATES - 2014

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Stigma Research and Prevention 2.0: Stepping Up the Pace for Evidence-Based Stigma-Reduction Interventions for HIV Prevention, Treatment, and Care

HIV and Key Population-related stigma is a barrier to HIV prevention, treatment and care that undermines investments in all aspects of the HIV response. Stepping up the pace for a more effective and efficient HIV response requires a more concerted effort to accelerate the pace and scope of the response to stigma. The field of stigma-reduction has made significant strides in the past decade, increasing both understanding of how stigma impacts prevention, treatment and care, as well as how to respond programmatically through the development and testing of intervention models and measurement tools. Now is the moment to build on this evidence to step up the pace of stigma-reduction. This session will include: 1) an overview presentation of the current state of the field for stigma-reduction programming and measurement; 2) presentations focusing on stigma-reduction interventions from the perspective of community, researcher, and program implementer-led responses; 3) donor perspectives on challenges and opportunities.

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Obama Says His Administration Remains Committed To Reducing Stigma of HIV/AIDS

Obama Says His Administration Remains Committed To Reducing Stigma of HIV/AIDS | HelpHiv | Scoop.it
Each year on World AIDS Day, we come together as a global community to fight a devastating pandemic. We remember the friends and loved ones we have lost, stand with the estimated 35 million people living with HIV/AIDS, and renew our commitment to preventing the spread of this virus at home and abroad. If we…
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“I was looked at like a disease”: HIV’s enduring stigma

“I was looked at like a disease”: HIV’s enduring stigma | HelpHiv | Scoop.it
Treatments have advanced -- but that doesn't mean discrimination against people with HIV is over
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HIV, stigma and discrimination - What is stigma?

HIV, stigma and discrimination - What is stigma? | HelpHiv | Scoop.it
Stigma means different things to different people.
This is one dictionary’s definition: “The shame or disgrace
attached to something regarded as socially unacceptable.
There may be a feeling of ‘us and them’. People who are
stigmatised are marked out as being different and are blamed for that
difference.
“Some people when they
hear that someone’s HIV positive - especially us Africans - they’ll be seeing
someone who’s dying, someone who is not supposed to touch anyone.”
HIV is an infection which many people have fears, prejudices
or negative attitudes about. Stigma can result in people with HIV being
insulted, rejected, gossiped about and excluded from social activities.
Fear of this happening can lead to people with HIV being
nervous about telling others that they have HIV or avoiding contact with other
people. They may end up suffering in silence instead of getting the help they
need.
Stigma can also result in people with HIV believing the
things that other people say about HIV. For example, they may think it’s true
that HIV is a death sentence or that most people with HIV are immoral or irresponsible.
Stigma is often attached to things people are afraid of. Ever
since the first cases of AIDS in the early 1980s, people with HIV have been
stigmatised. There are a number of reasons for this:
HIV is a serious, life-threatening illness.
There is a long history of illnesses being stigmatised - cancer and
tuberculosis are two other examples.People who don’t understand how HIV is
transmitted may be afraid of ‘catching’ it through social contact.Some people have strong views about sexual
behaviour. They may think that there are situations in which sex is wrong or
that certain people shouldn’t behave in particular ways.The way people think about HIV depends on the
way they think about the social groups that are most affected by HIV. Some
people already have negative feelings about women, gay men, immigrants, black
people, drug users and others.
Stigma leads to people not being treated with dignity and
respect.
“People just don’t
understand it. They just put you in a box. If you’ve got HIV then you’ve been
very promiscuous, you have been a drug user. Whereas people like X and I who
were married and leading a normal life … we still end up…in the same boat.”
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The People Living with HIV (PLHIV) Stigma Index

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Why Talking about HIV Can Protect You and Your Partner

Why Talking about HIV Can Protect You and Your Partner | HelpHiv | Scoop.it
CDC's Start Talking. Stop HIV. campaign is working to reduce the number of new HIV infections in gay and bisexual men by encouraging open discussion about a range of HIV prevention strategies.
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The AMA Adopts a Resolution Opposing HIV Criminalization | The Center for HIV Law and Policy

The AMA Adopts a Resolution Opposing HIV Criminalization | The Center for HIV Law and Policy | HelpHiv | Scoop.it

The American Medical Association’s (AMA) House of Delegates, the principal policy-making body of the AMA, has adopted a resolution condemning discrimination based on HIV status, including mandatory discharge from the military based solely on HIV, and supporting the modernization of HIV related criminal laws.  The resolution encourages vigorous enforcement of existing anti-discrimination laws and the incorporation of HIV in future federal anti-discrimination legislation. It also supports making federal and state laws consistent with current medical knowledge, avoiding criminal punishment based on health and disability status, and educating the public on the stigma and negative health consequences of HIV criminalization.

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CDC - Library - National HIV Testing Day - Infographic Resources - HIV/AIDS

CDC - Library - National HIV Testing Day - Infographic Resources - HIV/AIDS | HelpHiv | Scoop.it
Collection of resources presenting CDC’s HIV prevention information
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An assessment of the GYT: Get Yourself Tested campaign: an integrated approach to sexually transmitted disease prevention communication.

Youth in the United States bear a disproportionate burden of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Stigma, misconceptions, and access challenges keep many from getting tested or treated. The GYT: Get Yourself Tested campaign was launched in 2009 to reducestigma and promote STD communication and testing. This evaluation sought to assess the first 2 years of campaign engagement and associations with STD testing among youth.
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Prevention through Health Care Website: A Guide to the Changing Health System

Prevention through Health Care Website: A Guide to the Changing Health System | HelpHiv | Scoop.it
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recently launched the Prevention of HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STDs, and TB through Health Care website. This online resource is intended to help state, tribal, local, and territorial public health agencies, community- and faith-based organizations, and other partners leverage changes in the health system to strengthen the delivery of...
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