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Zero Marginal Thinking: Jeremy Rifkin gets it all wrong

Zero Marginal Thinking: Jeremy Rifkin gets it all wrong | Networked Society |

In this book, Rifkin is fascinated by the phenomenon of goods for which the marginal cost of production is zero, or so close to zero that it can be ignored.

All of the present-day examples of these he points at are information goods – software, music, visual art, novels.

He joins this to the overarching obsession of all his books, which are variations on a theme of “Let us write an epitaph for capitalism”.

In doing so, Rifkin effectively ignores what capitalists do and what capitalism actually is. “Capital” is wealth paying for setup costs.

Even for pure information goods those costs can be quite high. Music is a good example; it has zero marginal cost to reproduce, but the first copy is expensive.

Musicians must own costly instruments, be paid to perform, and require other capital goods such as recording studios. If those setup costs are not reliably priced into the final good, production of music will not remain economically viable.

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

Here is a contrary view to what is making the rounds on Jeremy Rifkin's latest book, The Zero Marginal Cost Society.

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The Dangers of the Centralized Internet....and An Alternative You've Never Heard About

The centralized internet is another name for an internet owned and controlled by less than 1% of the world. It is an internet without privacy, precariously dependent on centralized service providers whose failure would result in denial of access to all dependent websites, and where the user has only the illusion of choice when it comes to the type of content they are provided. Consider that
Amazon alone controls 40% of the cloud market. And that Twitter and Facebook recently de-platformed a sitting US president.

Information is the currency of democracy, so what happens when a few, unelected individuals and companies control the flow? How can democratic principles possible in such a situation?

In the past year, due to the response to Covid-19, we’ve seen the largest redistribution of wealth, power and influence the world has ever seen, under the auspices of “protecting the world against COVID.” We saw trillions of dollars being printed, entire countries locked down for months, millions of jobs lost and many driven online in order to find a way to make a living, connect with others, and survive the transformation of society and the world some have described as “The Great Reset” and “The Fourth Industrial Revolution.”

How do we navigate these transitions? Is there a way to decentralize the internet, sharing information directly peer-to-peer without a “trusted third party,” or government or corporation, spying on us and capturing our data, whose value has become greater than oil in the new digital economy. How about our money? Do we need a “middle man” like a bank to execute and validate our transactions?

We’ll be asking and answering these, and many more questions, in the upcoming live interview with two of the founders of Qortal, an open source, collaborative project created by a group of visionary developers, now 7 years in development.

Join Sayer Ji with Mike Winner and Jason Crowe to discuss the launch of this completely new internet infrastructure. We'll be discussing blockchain, crypto, value/wealth creation and preservation, censorship, community building, activism, and much more!

This conversation promises to be extremely uplifting, enlightening, and provocative. Make sure to bookmark, share and attend the event here:√ Make sure to bookmark, share and attend the event here:√ Get live updates before and after the events via our Telegram channel here:

Learn about Qortal here:
Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

An initiative to achieve real de-centralization, starting out as a crypto mining project that is not competitive but collaborative... interesting idea and full of potential. 

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Building an Ethical Children's App in a Dopamine Addicted World (ichigo's "off-white"​ paper)

Building an Ethical Children's App in a Dopamine Addicted World (ichigo's "off-white"​ paper) | Networked Society |

“Whereas Google envisages an era of machine dominance through artificial intelligence, you will rule your machines, and they will serve you as intelligent, willing slaves. You will be the ‘oracle’ that programs your life and dictates to your tools." 


The current system of centralized networks is broken, leading to broken health, relationships, emotions, security, and privacy. To me, this is unacceptable. Why must it be this way? Are we completely powerless against the forces of 'big tech' and advertising companies? Maybe so, unless we as a society (and perhaps more importantly, as consumers) take a stand, stop using their apps, and start developing decentralized alternatives.


We must take control of our technology and make it be known that our personal data is not theirs to use as they see fit.

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

A laudable initiative, to break with Big Tech''s monetization of users' data. Developing a decentralized app for children to communicate with their friends... 

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Holochain Ecosystem Session with Kizuna

#holochain #OpenSource #Kizuna
Welcome to Holochain Ecosystem Sessions! David Atkinson interviewed Kizuna Team. Watch the interview now!

Kizuna is a distributed, peer-to-peer, non-profit messaging application that prioritizes privacy, security, and user-centricity.

✅Kickstarter Campaign is Live here:

✅Join their newsletter now to find out more details:


A more human internet

Each of us wants to have control over how and with whom we interact. In order to evolve and thrive, our communities must support everyone's uniqueness. Yet today, our online relationships are dominated by centralized corporate web sites.

Holochain enables a distributed web with user autonomy built directly into its architecture and protocols. Data is about remembering our lived and shared experiences. Distributing the storage and processing of that data can change how we coordinate and interact. With digital integration under user control, Holochain liberates our online lives from corporate control over our choices and information.

✅Developer Forum:

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

This is real p2p internet coming alive. Holo is building a network that basically runs on users' resources, not on centralized servers. This video discusses a messaging application called Kizuna that's being developed to run on that network...

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Solutions for Resisting Technocracy

James Corbett joins Vinny Eastwood of The Vinny Eastwood Show to discuss solutions for an increasingly technocratic world.


From acts of resistance like culture jamming to building alternative currencies and self-sustaining communities in the peer-to-peer economy, don't miss this important discussion of what people can do to take their lives back into their own hands. 



Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

What is the antidote to a technocratic, fully controlled society ?  It involves going local, linking up directly in p2p mode. Local self sufficient communities can make big government, multinational industry, big banking and the technocrats irrelevant...

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Why Your Nation-State Is On Its Way To The Scrap Heap of History

Why Your Nation-State Is On Its Way To The Scrap Heap of History | Networked Society |

Here’s where the ongoing communications revolution comes in. It’s facilitated the possibility of Phyles.


The concept of phyles originated with the sci-fi writer Neil Stephenson, in his seminal book Diamond Age. I’ve always been a big fan of quality science fiction. There’s no question sci-fi has been, and still is, a vastly better predictor of social and technological trends than anything else—including full-time “think tanks.”


The book, set mostly in China in the near future, posits that while states still exist, they’ve been overwhelmed in importance by the formation of phyles. Phyles are groups of people bound by whatever is important to them. Maybe it will be their race, religion, or culture. Maybe their occupation or hobby. Maybe their worldview or what they want to accomplish in life. Maybe it’s a fairly short-term objective. There are thousands—millions—of possibilities.


The key is that a phyle might provide much more than a fraternal or beneficial organization (like Rotary or Lions) does. I take the concept quite seriously. It’s one reason I believe organized charity is on its way out. “Big charity” is mostly a scam to benefit its managers and allow its enablers to feel righteous, while generally degrading its supposed beneficiaries.


Phyles would know their members personally, obviating most fraud and self-aggrandizement.


In the same vein, phyles might provide insurance services very effectively, since a like-minded group—held together by peer pressure and social approbation—eliminates a lot of moral risk. It might very well offer protection services; a criminal might readily harm a citizen “protected” by a State. But they’ll think twice before attacking members of the Mafia—which is, in fact, a criminal variety of phyle.


People are social. They’ll inevitably organize themselves into groups for all the reasons you can imagine.

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

Are nation states in trouble? One might be forgiven for thinking so when observing the absolutely assinine and frankly destructive reactions to a "deadly virus", all dictated from some back room at the WHO ... With economic breakdowns in the offing, something must give, and the author of this piece thinks it is the nation state...

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Big Brother, Blockchain Babies, Coded Religion, and “Good” Behavior –

Big Brother, Blockchain Babies, Coded Religion, and “Good” Behavior – | Networked Society |

I wrapped up my previous post about the blockchain social impact platform noting that digital identity is THE KEY element required to make speculative markets in human capital data function. The game of gambling on life outcomes requires:


1) unique personal identifiers


2) predictive analytics protocols to set the odds


3) constant monitoring of those receiving services, including inputs and outputs


4) fluid cross-border payment systems tied to real-time data flows, and


5) data aggregation and deal fulfillment platforms.


If you don’t have the first item, the unique identifier, the game cannot even start...


Read the whole article here 

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

Our lives regulated by digital big brother? - Hmmmm

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The Holocene Explosion (2.1): Game-Changing Possibilities in a World of Unenclosable Carriers

The nutritional content per calorie of the modern diet has declined significantly over the last 100 years, thanks to the predominance of ultra-processed food, the filling of many mass-produced products with simple carbohydrates and non-nutritional fillers, changes in varieties of crops grown to increase yields, and a decline in the quality of fresh food as a result of soil depletion and possibly even increased carbon in the atmosphere. 

But what if…

…these surface-level problems exist because there are structural issues with the very mechanisms by which food is created, sold, and distributed? What if the soil is depleted and the food is overprocessed because of enclosed-carrier dynamics that have created big-ag and big-food giants who control much of the market — and whose incentives are directly misaligned with our nutritional needs?


Our access to food is controlled by centralized market players that we don’t get to choose. Mega-corporations like Kraft & Nestle control companies up and down the whole supply chain. Shelves at supermarket chains display the products that most serve the interests of the industry’s major stakeholders, and those products are filled with ingredients that do the same. Farmers are paid simply for pounds of yield, and so they understandably favor the cheapest way to achieve high outputs, without regard to the nutritional content of the food or the harmful effects of chemical herbicides or fertilizers. 


Even as healthier growing practices become theoretically more profitable as a result of rising consumer demand, many farmers remain entrenched in low-nutrition, high-chemical growing practices because they lack access to the funding required to make the requisite shifts in their operations. It’s the biggest agriculture companies that have access to the cheapest funding, and they make that funding available to growers who buy the company’s products, sell the company their yields, or both. 


Projects like JOOLES turn these downward-spiral economics on their heads by providing funding needed for growers to tap into new, profitable markets based on high-quality (not just high-quantity) output metrics. And they help us begin to imagine a world of unenclosable carriers in which consumers are empowered to reinvent incentive structures that encourage the existence of the nutrition they actually want, free from the enclosures of entrenched interests that today serve to protect the status quo. 


To read the whole article, which is part of a series that explains what Holochain will be doing, go here... 


Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

Is food production rigged to favour Big-Ag and Big-Food? Certainly. Will it be possible to change that? The people behind Holochain think so. Here is an article, part of a series, explaining how food could and should be produced differently.

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Free Software Foundation — working together for free software

Free Software Foundation — working together for free software | Networked Society |

The FSF is a charity with a worldwide mission to advance software freedom.


Free software developers guarantee everyone equal rights to their programs; any user can study the source code, modify it, and share the program. By contrast, most software carries fine print that denies users these basic rights, leaving them susceptible to the whims of its owners and vulnerable to surveillance. 


ShoeTool is an animated fairy tale about an elf shoemaker who thinks he buys a machine to help him make shoes... only to find out that there are there are strings attached to his "purchase."


Please show your support for free software and this video by promoting it on your social media using the #shoetool hashtag.


Here's a short URL to it:

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

Free software seeks to give users control over the programs they use. It's all about the restrictive licenses that constrain use and re-use in pretty much everything these days... 

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IRREGULATORS vs. FCC: Exposing and prosecuting a vast, illegal financial scandal behind 5G

IRREGULATORS vs. FCC: Exposing and prosecuting a vast, illegal financial scandal behind 5G | Networked Society |

A groundbreaking conversation with the IRREGULATORS. This may be the most significant development since our 5G Crisis Summit, to redirect 5G in the United States.


Scott McCollough is a career telecom legal expert, and former Assistant Texas Attorney General and Contract Consumer Advocate. Reminding me of “Red” from That 70s Show, Scott is a lovable Texan hardass with a big heart underneath. He also happens to know the legal side of telecom and utilities better than virtually anyone else in the nation. 


In the highlights compiled in the first 3 minutes of the interview, Scott outlined some key points in this scandal involving misappropriated funds which he estimates now totals a shocking $1 Trillion over the last 16 years:

“We had a bait and switch. We paid for a bunch of fiber to the home, and now we’re getting 5G instead.”

“We started this accounting thing not because we wanted to kill 5G, but because it was the right thing to do, once we figured out how badly local and intra-state wireline ratepayers were getting screwed.”


In the interview, Bruce Kushnick reveals how they have obtained financial documents from Verizon NY — which has previously been quietly designated as New York’s official telecom utility — that clearly show several billion dollars per year in misappropriation and theft. 


Scott estimates the amount of funds that wireless giants are stealing from wireline ratepayers to be $60 Billion per year, and sees this as a cash cow that has illegally funded 5G deployments.

“[The IRREGULATORS’ suit] is a knife in the heart of the underlying economics that currently drive 5G.


“If we are successful… 5G cannot sustain itself on an economic basis if it has to pay its own way.” 

Video 1:30 hours and article here... 

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

Legal challenge to the rollout of 5G in the USA. “We had a bait and switch. We paid for a bunch of fiber to the home, and now we’re getting 5G instead...”

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Wikipedia's Jimmy Wales has launched an alternative to Facebook and Twitter

Wikipedia's Jimmy Wales has launched an alternative to Facebook and Twitter | Networked Society |

Wikipedia co-founder Jimmy Wales is launching a social-media website called WT: Social. The platform aims to compete with Facebook and Twitter, except instead of funding it using advertising, Wales is taking a page from the Wikipedia playbook and financing it through user donations.


"The business model of social media companies, of pure advertising, is problematic," Wales told Financial Times. "It turns out the huge winner is low-quality content."


WT: Social got its start as Wikitribune, a site that published original news stories with the community fact-checking and sub-editing articles. The venture never gained much traction, so Wales is moving it to the new platform with a more social networking focus.

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

This is like a pre-announcement, the site is in no way ready for prime time yet. You can sign up and contribute to the development, but it is far away from feeling like either Facebook or Twitter. Still, a laudable initiative.

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Introducing the Commons Engine – HOLO –

Introducing the Commons Engine – HOLO – | Networked Society |

Let’s face it: reflecting on the substantial patterns of the last twenty years of digital economic culture returns a bleak assessment. That promise to connect us that we call the “sharing economy” has turned out to be the perfect set of business practices to extract corporate profits while remaining indifferent to the well-being of participants and public infrastructure.


Meanwhile, cryptocurrency players, who ostensibly set out to level the playing field of the digital economy, ended up delivering a hyper-capitalist gambling ring with precious few useful or usable apps …


Imagine replacing extractive sharing economy platforms with a new type of cooperative model that uses crypto-accounting methods to create distributed networks of providers…of energy, food, housing, transportation…who knows what else? Holochain’s architecture is lightweight enough to process tens of thousands of transactions a minute.


What’s more, a federation of exchangeable asset-backed currencies using the Holo/Holochain pattern could have sufficient force to propel mainstream economic activity into directly peer-to-peer means.


To read the whole article, click in the headline...

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

Next generation networking will include not only social networks but real life economic engines that mediate our exchanges directly...

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Can the open hardware revolution help to democratise technology?

Can the open hardware revolution help to democratise technology? | Networked Society |

A fast-growing open hardware movement is creating ingenious versions of all sorts of technologies, and freely sharing them through social media.

CERN is home to some of the largest and most complex scientific equipment on the planet. Yet back in March, scientists gathered there for a conference about DIY laboratory tools. Scientists in poorly funded labs, particularly in the global south, have used DIY tools for many years. But well-resourced institutes are increasingly interested in the collaborative possibilities of open labware. Citizen scientists are also using it to build instruments for tasks like environmental monitoring, which can then be used to support community demands for justice from polluters. 


It is not only scientists – citizen or professional – who are going DIY. An open hardware movement of hobbyists, activists, geeks, designers, engineers, students and social entrepreneurs is creating ingenious versions of all sorts of technologies, and freely sharing the know-how through social media.


Open hardware is also encroaching upon centres of manufacturing. In August, for instance, the global gathering of FabLabs met in Shenzhen (already host to Maker Faires) to review how their network can help to decentralise design and manufacture. 


You can read the whole article here...

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

Maker spaces and the open hardware movement ... the Do-It-Yourself of the future will decentralize much of manufacturing.

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Open Source is Tech’s Explosive Organic Movement

Open Source is Tech’s Explosive Organic Movement | Networked Society |

The explosive growth of the organic food industry represents an ethical response to the conventional agro-chemical world, one projected to continue through 2018 and beyond. But the organic movement doesn’t just stop at food. Let’s consider another thing we consume every day: information. 


For anyone who has bought into the food revolution, it’s not much of a stretch to see we’re ripe for an open information revolution. Not one defined simply by the omnipresence of information via the Internet, but one — like the food revolution — in which people demand accountability, transparency, and participation in the dissemination and consumption of information. Likewise, the outcome would be a new set of practices and players contributing to more healthy and sustainable environmental and personal practices. 


If information is like food, packaged in technological bits and bytes, then you might say free and open source software is equivalent to organic, labeled products. Just as we care about what we put into our bodies, we should care about what we install in our technology systems. Some of the big players we currently know and trust are, frankly, serving up a bunch of cookies that aren’t great for us. They help advertisers track us, compromise our privacy, and in some cases, make us susceptible to infections in the form of viruses and malware. When you navigate the app market, what do you put in your basket? What are you allowing into your life?


Read the whole article here

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

Transparency and accountability in the world of information.


Our "walled garden" social networks - facebook is a prime example - actually isolate us from the world by putting us into a bubble of their construction. So do the big search engines, Google ahead of them all.


The algorithm rules, and by hiding some information and highlighting other bits and pieces, elections are skewed and social movements are effectively killed off or deviated.


We do need a revolution in the way we obtain and exchange data, and open source software is the antidote we are looking for, similar to the organic revolution that has already transformed our eating habits...

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Brave browser takes step toward enabling a decentralized web

Brave browser takes step toward enabling a decentralized web | Networked Society |

Brave has just taken a step toward supporting a decentralized web by becoming the first browser to offer native integration with a peer-to-peer networking protocol that aims to fundamentally change how the internet works.


The technology is called IPFS (which stands for InterPlanetary File System), a relatively obscure transport protocol that promises to improve on the dominant HTTP standard by making content faster to access and more resilient to failure and control. 


Benefits of the new approach include faster speeds because data can be distributed and stored closer to the people who are accessing it, as well as lower server costs for the original publisher of the content. But perhaps most importantly, IPFS has the potential to make web content much more resilient to failures and resistant to censorship. 


Read the whole article here: 

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

Going towards a decentralized internet, where not everything comes from a central server. Brave is the first browser that supports the protocol in native mode. Other browsers need an extension. It's a small step, but we're moving... 

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A Real People World, Anyone?

A Real People World, Anyone? | Networked Society |

Despite being bombarded by news of the Great Reset (what the United Nations has been advocating since 1992 as a “comprehensive blueprint for the reorganization of human society”), too many are still unaware of the outcome of our accumulated self-interested actions.


This systemic outcome is explained by German-born Italian sociologist Robert Michels in Political Parties. Published in 1911, Michels shares his first-hand experience as a member of the German Social Democratic Party. Of how by their very nature and designall complex organizations, no matter how democratic at the start, eventually evolve into oligarchieswhere power ends up in the hands of the very few.


Since our default setting fuels a debt-based/rent-seeking system, isn’t this how corporate persons (especially Big Business) addict us to co-creating and living a social contracta “from cradle to grave” business plan?


As your behavior systemically aligns with Smith’s vision and the system addicts many to wanting to win at all costs, won’t you be on auto-pilot to just think and do more of the same for yourself?


Read all of it here: 

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

Are you thinking about how the world could be different? What Betty Lim says here is that we must first realize how, by conforming to "business as usual" it is really us who create the world we have. Once we realize that, perhaps we can figure out how to bring about the change we want. 

Betty Lim's comment, December 25, 2020 10:12 PM
Will strangers anywhere co-catalyze actualizing a social contract that's legally Pro Real People (instead of being Pro Corporate Persons)? It will require a mindset shift from "Me" to "We" as we move from "Control" to "Empowerment" by Doing.

To Gift a Real People World to each other, start by
Liking, clapping and sharing and/or

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Are food Commons the next innovation pathway for urban food policies?

Are food Commons the next innovation pathway for urban food policies? | Networked Society |

The concept of “commons” is one of these ideas that is difficult to pin down: what exactly are commons? And what do they have to do with food? In a book co-edited by Jose Luis Vivero-Pol, Tomaso Ferrando, Olivier De Schutter and Ugo Mattei, called the Routledge Handbook of Food as a Commons, engaged scholars and activists from different backgrounds introduce us to this notion and give us a peak into what food policies relying on the premise that food is a commons could look like. 


What is at the heart of the commons is a decision made by a community that some resources should be governed by all for everybody’s interest, because those resources are essential to all. In this sense, food can be valued as a commons. 


Our societies have turned a fundamental need into a for-profit commodity. 


If cities were to recognize that food is not only a commodity, then it would open great opportunities for innovation. 


Find it here... 

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

What is at the heart of the commons is a decision made by a community that some resources should be governed by all for everybody’s interest, because those resources are essential to all. In this sense, food can be valued as a commons. 

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Imagine no money - every peer enterprise can & network

Imagine no money - every peer enterprise can & network | Networked Society |

Peer Enterprise Commons Alliance Network - PECAN

Imagine no possessions; I wonder if you can. John Lennon

The “no money” concept is a paradigm shift from a single currency (money) to multiple currencies which have each other as reserves as well as their unique value input as a commitment.


The other paradigm shift is about private ownership or possession, compared to sharing an asset or enterprise, a share of benefits, an allocation, a role in the entirety of all the required contributions, a share of “to have and to hold”, to make available, appreciate, enjoy, improve and maintain.

More viable than single token ecosystem: The 80/20 dual token network model. 


A) 80% (market cap) native primary stable token, unit shares of liquidity basket for spending and financial transactions B) 20% (proportional issuance) tertiary staking token for saving, investment in the ecosystem, prefunding the ecosystem budgets and securing the consensus validation network.

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

Can local currencies and tokens be linked and made interoperable? It would seem so, per this proposal, that would go a long way towards building a local currency ecosystem...

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Platform Transparency

Platform Transparency | Networked Society |

Platforms and big tech determine much of our lives, it is only just they should be transparent to users. Algorithms and rules must be transparent. 


It has become abundantly clear in these times that the major social media platforms and search engines we use to get information and to communicate with our friends the world over, are less than transparent and that several of them actually engage in censorship of “unwelcome” views and information. 


Since many of our interactions happen through these electronic means of communication, this is a less than satisfactory state of affairs. It actually constitutes serious interference in our freedom of expression and our ability to form views to express. 


Censorship of views, the skewing of search results and deliberate deviation away from certain topics of discussion, have no place in a free society. I would therefore like to introduce a concept, a principle that needs to find its way into our legislation and perhaps more than that, into networking codes of practice. It is the concept of platform transparency... 

You can find the whole artice here: 

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

Platforms and big tech determine much of our lives, it is only just they should be transparent to users. Algorithms and rules must be transparent.

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The Rise and Fall of Networks -  by Jordan Hall 

The Rise and Fall of Networks -  by Jordan Hall  | Networked Society |

We are aware of the phenomenon called “Metcalfe’s Law.” Roughly that the value of a network is proportional to the square of the number of users connected to the system. This “network effect” is perhaps the most important value driver in the world today. Because the value of the network increases with the number of people on the network, there is a self fulfilling prophecy. Past a critical point the biggest network is more attractive than any other competing network. Which means that it gets more users. Which means that it gets more valuable. Which means that it is more attractive. 


It can be a pretty quick ride to monopolistic vastness. Just ask Facebook, YouTube and Twitter. 


OK. Lets call this feedback loop the “network attractor.” Once you have achieved some critical point, your platform is like a black hole that sucks in everything and makes escape increasingly impossible. 


Now I would like to introduce a new concept. Perhaps even a new law.


Any for-profit entity that is founded on the value of network effects must maximally extract that value to the limit of the network attractor. This produces an ‘extractive repulsor’ force. As the limit is approached, the network becomes poised at fragility.


Read the whole article here 

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

The straw that will break the camel's back ... "Any for-profit entity that is founded on the value of network effects must maximally extract that value..."

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Unenclosable Carriers and the Future of Communication

All communication relies on one or more carriers. At the most basic level, when you’re speaking to a group of people in a room, the air is the carrier for the sound waves moving through it. You pass breath through your vocal chords and shape your mouth in funny ways, and a bunch of compression waves emerge and fill the room with information that others then decode. No one can just grab the words out of the air to stop them from reaching someone else. The carrier is unenclosable


As the speed and scale of communication has increased, so have the layers of enclosable carriers on which our communication relies. In newsprint and on television, it’s the advertisers, as well as executives who are bound to the interests of boards and shareholders, who exert both apparent and hidden control over the content we receive. 


And of course we have the internet, which has given us a taste of radical participation and democratized access to information, but whose filters on access and information have caused increasing alarm.


One key ingredient in making any system fundamentally unenclosable is the ability for anyone to create segmented spaces of coherence into and out of which people can freely associate, with rulesets that are particular to those spaces. 


Another key ingredient of our unenclosable system is forkability, which means that anyone is free to leave any space, create another based on the same (or similar) source codes and rulesets, and invite people to the new version.


For true forkability, users need to be able to migrate easily between versions, taking their data from one version — for example their complete activity on a social network or search engine — and load it into the new version. 


Holochain is designed precisely to foster the kind of ecosystem we’ve been describing, with the ‘islands’ being applications that anyone can easily spin up by creating or forking code. Holochain also makes it simple to move between ‘islands’ by allowing users to control their data in such a way that it’s easy to bring along to new applications. 


We believe that by providing an unenclosable carrier for an unlimited range of applications, Holochain will enable the next internet — one that doesn’t involve corporations, governments, or surveillance systems in the middle of our communication and collaboration. 

To read the whole article from which this has been excerpted, go here... 

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

Our communications and our interactions are controlled in various ways by those who think they know what's best for us and who can profit from having such controling power. How would it be if we had ways to interact directly with each other, that were outside of anyone's ability to control? Some people are working on this, and here is an article - first in a series of three - describing how this will be achieved.

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Music On The Blockchain: An Overview Of The Leading Developments Transforming The Industry —

Music On The Blockchain: An Overview Of The Leading Developments Transforming The Industry — | Networked Society |

"The music industry is broken,” has been said many times. Built upon models designed in a pre-digital world, the back-end infrastructure of the music business has failed to adapt to the needs of musicians, markets, and industry organizations.


Systems of rights management, accounting, and payment distributions used in the industry have not upgraded along with the other internet technologies that have changed the industry, becoming a fragmented mess, leaving countless artists unable to make any sort of decent living off their work, and delivering equally-damaging blows to the profitability of record labels and publishers.


While the problems plaguing the music industry are broad and complex, the emergence of blockchain technology has been foreseen to be THE disruptive, transformative force in solving the challenges faced. 


Not only will the blockchain level the playing field for artists, granting them direct access to markets and means to get paid instantly for the sale of their art - versus middlemen taking huge cuts and slowing payments through overcomplicated processes - industry-wide infrastructural evolution built upon blockchain developments hold the potentially for massively increasing organizational accounting & payment efficiencies, while simultaneously unlocking billions worth of assets through new licensing structures possible though an integrated, collaborative ecosystem utilizing a transparent distributed ledger, smart contracts, and digital-identity-based reputation systems. 


The article is a collection of the information of what is happening with music in the blockchain space.

It also has some short video presentations.

You can find it here... 


Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

Musicians want clear rules and a simple-to-use system for distributing their music and getting paid for it. Blockchain technology offers a way to achieve that.

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Wikipedia: Rotten to the Core - Helen Buyniski

For some time, I’d heard rumors that Wikipedia was not the open-source knowledge utopia it claimed to be. Despite a comprehensive set of rules replete with checks and balances and a seemingly open democratic editing process, stories of pay-for-play editing, character assassinations, ideologically-driven trolling, and other offenses against public knowledge suggested all was not right in Jimmy Wales’ empire.


Authors and public figures in fields as diverse as Complementary and Alternative Medicine and progressive politics (including Deepak Chopra, Rupert Sheldrake, Gary Null, John Pilger, and George Galloway) have complained of persistent negative coverage on Wikipedia despite the site’s vaunted neutrality and the promise that “Biographies of Living Persons” are held to the highest standard. Efforts to have misinformation corrected were fruitless and their reputations have suffered as a result. 


This seemed implausible. How could a site with over 100,000 volunteer editors, with open access for anyone looking to get involved, be engaged in such widespread bias? As an investigative journalist and activist who has spent many years seeking the truth in a landscape of obfuscation and lies, I decided to find out exactly what was going on at Wikipedia...

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

We think of Wikipedia as a good and impartial source of information, but there is nothing impartial about the information we get. Senior editors and administrators are having their own, at times paid-for, agendas and they enforce those with all means available. The result ... fake information on many important topics. This in-depth article has the facts. 

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Telcos aren’t the future. You are. 

Helium Hotspots make up the foundation of a new type of network, one that rewards individuals for providing wireless connectivity. Using an approach similar to Airbnb, this peer-to-peer wireless network can rapidly deploy complete coverage for cities at a speed not possible by large centralized entities. 


The result? A secure, ubiquitous, and affordable network that enables companies to focus on applications and use cases, not cellular plans for devices or managing network infrastructure. 


Owned and operated by a community of individuals means this network eliminates the chance that a single company can monitor data, throttle traffic, or be a central point for attackers.

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

Internet of things ... an initiative to provide connectivity for sensors and stuff by user owned long range hotspots.

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Tim Berners-Lee's radical new plan to upend the World Wide Web

Tim Berners-Lee's radical new plan to upend the World Wide Web | Networked Society |

With an ambitious decentralized platform, the father of the web hopes it’s game on for corporate tech giants like Facebook and Google.


This week, Berners-Lee will launch Inrupt, a startup that he has been building, in stealth mode, for the past nine months. Backed by Glasswing Ventures, its mission is to turbocharge a broader movement afoot, among developers around the world, to decentralize the web and take back power from the forces that have profited from centralizing it. In other words, it’s game on for Facebook, Google, Amazon.


For years now, Berners-Lee and other internet activists have been dreaming of a digital utopia where individuals control their own data and the internet remains free and open. But for Berners-Lee, the time for dreaming is over. 


“We have to do it now,” he says, displaying an intensity and urgency that is uncharacteristic for this soft-spoken academic. “It’s a historical moment.”


Ever since revelations emerged that Facebook had allowed people’s data to be misused by political operatives, Berners-Lee has felt an imperative to get this digital idyll into the real world. In a post published this weekend, Berners-Lee explains that he is taking a sabbatical from MIT to work full time on Inrupt... 

You can find the article here...

Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

Berners-Lee, the inventor of the Internet, is working on a cure ... something that can replace the closed social spaces and search giants that see us and our data as their "product"...

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Democracy in Jeopardy: Manipulating Feelings – Holochain –

As long as these platforms have to generate significant revenue to maintain or grow themselves, they will reasonably use every available and creative option to trigger human engagement. And we can’t change how humans are wired with any degree of speed or accuracy (and would we want to — it sounds like a recipe for cascading unintended side effects).


What we can change is the business models those platforms are based on. Since Holochain is run by a community, there isn’t a requirement for a business model to support the heavy costs of servers. We can do things differently and magnify different signals. 


  • Holochain can save democracy by encouraging organization models that don’t depend on the outcome of a manipulation.
  • Holochain can help enable payment direct to journalists.
  • Holochain can offer the infrastructure for Vendor Relationship Management .


Read the whole article here 


Sepp Hasslberger's insight:

Holochain is an emerging model of internet based networking that isn't married to a business model which needs to maximize profits and therefore sell us down the drain in the process. 

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