:: The 4th Era ::
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:: The 4th Era ::
Impact of the internet age on human culture and K-20 education policy/administration
Curated by Jim Lerman
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'This is death to the family': Japan's fertility crisis is creating economic and social woes never seen before

'This is death to the family': Japan's fertility crisis is creating economic and social woes never seen before | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it
Shrinking GDP and a falling population are poised to turn Japan into what economists call a "demographic time bomb," and other countries could be next.
Lorraine Chaffer's curator insight, June 20, 2017 10:34 PM

Preliminary HSc - Global challenges: Population

Deanna Wiist's curator insight, September 12, 2017 9:01 PM

The article headline is quite click-baity, but there is some real substance to this article.  The graphs are especially useful to teach concepts such as population momentum and the age-dependency ratio. These were the key parts of the article that caught my eye:

  • An aging population will mean higher costs for the government, a shortage of pension and social security-type funds, a shortage of people to care for the very aged, slow economic growth, and a shortage of young workers.
  • Following feminism's slow build in Japan since the 1970s, today's workers strive for equality between the sexes, something Japan's pyramid-style corporate structure just isn't built for. That's because institutional knowledge is viewed as a big deal in Japan.
  • The elderly now make up 27% of Japan's population. In the US, the rate is only 15%. Experts predict the ratio in Japan could rise to 40% by 2050. With that comes rising social-security costs, which the shrinking younger generations are expected to bear.
  • To make up for an aging population and aversion toward immigrant work, Japan's tech sector has stepped up its efforts in robotics and artificial intelligence.

Tags: culture, genderlabor, populationmigration, JapanEast Asia.

josiewern's curator insight, December 8, 2017 4:33 AM

unit 2 article 1              2

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Intelligence and Other Stereotypes: The Power of Mindset | Scientific American

Intelligence and Other Stereotypes: The Power of Mindset |  Scientific American | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

by Maria Konnikova


"Just as our mindset can hold us back, it can move us forward. Our mindset can change, and with it, our self-perception and our subsequent ability to take on various tasks. Women who are given examples of females successful in scientific and technical fields don’t experience the negative performance effects on math tests. College students exposed to Dweck’s theories of intelligence—specifically, the incremental theory—have higher grades and identify more with the academic process at the end of the semester. In one study, minority students who wrote about the personal significance of a self-defining value (such as family relationships or musical interests) three to five times during the school year had a GPA that was 0.24 grade points higher over the course of two years than those who wrote about neutral topics—and low-achieving African Americans showed improvements of 0.41 points, on average. Moreover, the rate of remediation dropped from 18% to 5%."

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The Role of Rural Women in Agriculture

The Role of Rural Women in Agriculture | :: The 4th Era :: | Scoop.it

"Women are the backbone of the development of rural and national economies. They comprise 43% of the world’s agricultural labor force, which rises to 70% in some countries. In Africa, 80% of the agricultural production comes from small farmers, who are mostly rural women. Women comprise the largest percentage of the workforce in the agricultural sector, but do not have access and control over all land and productive resources. Realizing the importance of rural women in agriculture is an important aspect of gender relations. In many countries, the role of women in agriculture is considered just to be a 'help' and not an important economic contribution to agricultural production. Giving support to rural women is a way of breaking the vicious cycle that leads to rural poverty and to the expansion of slums in the cities, where the poor get poorer. Development strategies should consider rural women as the epicenter, paying special attention to their social skills both within and without agriculture sector."

Nevermore Sithole's curator insight, April 1, 2016 7:34 AM

While rural women play a substantial role in agriculture around the world, it is often not in positions of ownership, regional influence, and agency.  This is an article discussing how empowering rural women in the agricultural sector by changed the cultural and economic institutions that shape their work can truly change the world we live in.  


Tags: gender in agriculture, development, gender, agriculture, labor. 

Allyson Mangold's curator insight, January 10, 2017 11:39 AM

This topic relates to world cultural geography because it discusses agriculture, and what role women hold in the process. Women are a big part of the agricultural process as 43% of women consist of the world's agricultural labor force. Sadly though, women are not considered to be an important contribution to agriculture, instead they are just considered as help. We should give support to the rural women because it will help stop the cycle that leads to poverty. In Africa, women suffer from the highest illiteracy rates and are the most visible face of poverty. 

Savanna Smith's curator insight, January 10, 2017 11:45 AM

This article relates to my topic because it talks about the role that women play in agriculture and how the importance of having women in agriculture helps the production. I believe that women do play a big part in agriculture because they help production and this helps with gender equality.

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Sheryl Sandberg Soundbites and Interviews

"There is work. There is life.  There is no balance" --Sheryl Sandberg

Via Ken Morrison, Jim Lerman
Ken Morrison's curator insight, July 3, 2013 9:13 PM

This is a very nice collection of interviews with Sheryl Sandberg.  She discusses everything from issues surrounding her "Lean In" book, as well as her life at Google and Facebook, her childhood, and many great soundbites about life.