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The System of Rice Intensification in Sustainable Agriculture

The System of Rice Intensification in Sustainable Agriculture | SRI-Rice Global News: May-July 2021 **sririce.org | Scoop.it
Learn how investing in the System of Rice Intensification can become part of a sustainable solution for future food security.
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How Agroecological Rice Intensification Can Assist in Reaching the Sustainable Development Goals

How Agroecological Rice Intensification Can Assist in Reaching the Sustainable Development Goals | SRI-Rice Global News: May-July 2021 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

The UN Development Program has set forth a roster of sustainable development goals (SDGs) for eradicating hunger and poverty with other consequential targets also to be achieved by 2030. Agroecological production strategies can help accomplish about half of these goals, especially SDG #2 (zero hunger) and SDG #12 (action for climate), utilizing biological processes and potentials that already exist in crop plants and in the soil systems they grow in. An agroecological strategy, the System of Rice Intensification (SRI), has demonstrated that it can raise rice production by 25–50% or more, while lowering production costs and raising farmer incomes. Higher yield is achieved by using 25–50% less water, and SRI practices reduce net emission of greenhouse gases from paddy fields, while reducing crops’ vulnerability to the hazards of climate change. The advantages of SRI methods are being extended also to crops beyond rice, like wheat, millet, and sugarcane. SRI practices contribute to achieving other SDGs as well.

SRI-Rice's insight:

A. K. Thakur, K. G. Mandal, R. K. Mohanty and N. T. Uphoff. 2021. How agroecological rice intensification can assist in reaching the Sustainable Development Goals. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability (online first May 9, 2021) doi: 10.1080/14735903.2021.1925462

ProBuilding Service's curator insight, July 13, 3:55 AM

Extension Builders Swansea

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NORTH KOREA: Agronomist Finds a Niche in Introducing Advanced Farming Method

NORTH KOREA: Agronomist Finds a Niche in Introducing Advanced Farming Method | SRI-Rice Global News: May-July 2021 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

According to an article in the Pyongyang Times, the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) is now widely introduced into farms across the DPRK thanks to Mun Myong Chol, section chief of the rice research institute of the Academy of Agricultural Science. After searching through hundreds of documents and undertaking repeated field tests, he overcame various problems related to differences in rice seedling growing, rice-transplantation, water conservation, manuring fertilizers and weeding techniques.

Mun Myong Chol selected the Chonsam Cooperative Farm in Anbyon County, Kangwon Province, as a trial site for SRI, though it had many more difficult conditions like serious cold-weather damage, strong wind and frequent rain. He gave demonstrations, short courses and presentations and farmers adopted SRI little by little. A farmer explained his experience: “The SRI helps save 20 times more seeds, 30 times more vinyl sheets, and 20-50%  more water than the traditional method. This method has sharply reduced manpower required for farming processes, including seedbed preparation and management and rice transplantation.” SRI is being introduced on an expansion basis into cooperative farms across the country including Pyongyang and North Phyongan Province, and Kangwon Province; it has made it possible to increase 1.5-2 tons of more paddy rice yield per hectare. “I want to contribute to making our country perfectly realize self-sufficiency in food as soon as possible,” said Mun Myong Chol.

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CAMBODIA: It’s Rice Planting Season in Cambodia

CAMBODIA: It’s Rice Planting Season in Cambodia | SRI-Rice Global News: May-July 2021 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

The world is facing a “cannonball” experience caused by Covid-19. The event of 20 February involving a violation of quarantine protocols caused the virus to spread in Cambodia and create some panic. In a little over four months the number of cases, which was only 522 for over a year, is now over 61,000 and nearly 825 deaths.

Programmes involving school children are facing major setbacks because of school closures. Schools can open in August or September depending on the situation, but that is a few months after the beginning of the rice planting season. Nonetheless, at Xavier Jesuit School, seedlings were prepared for some students to practice the System of Rice Intensification (SRI). With this project, students will be able to compare the input cost per yield per hectare of SRI with traditional rice planting methods.

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GUINEA: The West Africa Agricultural Productivity Programme (WAAPP) - Smallholder Paddy Productivity and Market Linkages in Kindia Prefecture, Guinea

GUINEA: The West Africa Agricultural Productivity Programme (WAAPP) - Smallholder Paddy Productivity and Market Linkages in Kindia Prefecture, Guinea | SRI-Rice Global News: May-July 2021 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

An understanding of how the System of Rice Intensification method of the West Africa Agricultural Productivity Programme (WAAPP) has influenced sustainable solutions to smallholder paddy farmers’ challenges of poor yield and marketing in Kindia Prefecture, Guinea informed this study. Causal research design was used, involving a survey of 126 beneficiaries and 78 non-beneficiaries of WAAPP. Data were collected mainly on the farmers’ enterprise characteristics: improvement in productivity, sales, and income from paddy.

WAAPP- and non-WAAPP-participating farmers had >10 years of farming experience. Most WAAPP farmers (67.5%) achieved higher sales and income from paddy than in the past. The productivity of the WAAPP farmers was higher and significantly different from that of the non-WAAPP farmers. Farmers’ opinion of market prospects after waapp intervention  and their age significantly influenced their change in productivity. The WAAPP increased paddy production.

SRI-Rice's insight:

Samuel Fadairo, Olushola, and Moussa Sanguiana Keita. 2021. The West Africa Agricultural Productivity Programme (WAAPP): Smallholder paddy productivity and market linkages in Kindia Prefecture, Guinea. Afrika Focus 34(1): 127-154. doi:10.1163/2031356X-34010003

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NIGERIA: UK-Aid, Silvex International Train Famers on Climate-Smart Agriculture in Jigawa

NIGERIA: UK-Aid, Silvex International Train Famers on Climate-Smart Agriculture in Jigawa | SRI-Rice Global News: May-July 2021 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

Rice farmers in Jigawa state have received climate-smart training on a system of rice intensification (SRI), a new approach to rice production that increases crop productivity and reduces methane emissions by at least 22 per cent to a maximum of 64 per cent. The training was part of a tripartite partnership between the Foreign and Common Wealth Development Office (FCDO) of the British Government through its intervention on investment promotion under the LINKS Project, the Jigawa state government, and a leading commodity trading firm Silvex International Limited.

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ODISHA, INDIA: Best Method-SMI in Finger Millet Enhances Productivity

ODISHA, INDIA: Best Method-SMI in Finger Millet Enhances Productivity | SRI-Rice Global News: May-July 2021 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

SMI in Finger Millet:

"SMI stands for System of Millet Intensification. It is similar to SRI (System of Rice Intensification) in rice. This method of agronomic practice is to enhance productivity and to increase the production in Millets. Now SMI in Finger Millet is practiced by most of the farmers in Odisha under Odisha Millet Mission. This practice is getting popular in the farmer field because it is giving promising yield as compared to the traditional method. Generally, this method is followed only for Finger Millet. But this year I made a trial with Barnyard Millet and the performance is good. Let us see the package of practices followed in SMI..."

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IRAN: Effect of Rice-Duck Co-Cultivation on Rice Yield, Water Productivity and Weed Control in Different Cultivation Systems

IRAN: Effect of Rice-Duck Co-Cultivation on Rice Yield, Water Productivity and Weed Control in Different Cultivation Systems | SRI-Rice Global News: May-July 2021 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

با توجه به نتایج این مطالعه، انجام یک بار وجین دستی اولیه جهت کنترل بهتر علف‌های هرز غالب در نظام کشت برنج SRIهمراه با پرورش750 قطعه اردک در هکتار می‌تواند برای بهبود نظام تولید برنج و افزایش بهره‌وری آب در شالیزارهای گیلان مناسب باشد.

Rice-duck cultivation could be effective for weed control as well as reducing environmental pollution which is caused by herbicides and providing the development of environmentally-friendly agriculture. In general, duck use increased plant growth, improved performance of rice, and finally increased rice yield by proper weed control in the field with muddy water and beaks, as well as adding manure to the paddy field. According to the results of this study, probably it is appropriate to use the SRI rice cultivation system, doing an initial hand weeding to control dominant weeds and stocking 750 ducks per ha to improve rice production and to increase water productivity in rice fields of Guilan province in Iran.

SRI-Rice's insight:

[The article is in Farsi language.] Ghanaei-Pashaki, K.Mansour. 2020. Effect of rice-duck co-cultivation on rice yield, water productivity and weed control in different cultivation systems. Iranian Journal of Field Crops Research. 18(3): 341-355. doi: 10.22067/gsc.v18i3.86497

[see English translation on the SRI-Rice Iran page]

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CHILE: El arroz más austral del mundo se adapta al cambio climático

CHILE: El arroz más austral del mundo se adapta al cambio climático | SRI-Rice Global News: May-July 2021 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

En el sur de Chile se avanza hacia una producción arrocera sustentable y climáticamente inteligente, que ahorra un 80% de semillas, no utiliza herbicidas y utiliza 50% menos de agua. Karla Cordero, investigadora encargada del Programa de Mejoramiento Genético de Arroz del Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA) de Chile, es llamada también “la Reina del Arroz", y ha liderado la implementación y adopción del Sistema Intensivo de Cultivo de Arroz SRI (System of Rice Intensificaction) en el país, que se presenta como una solución concreta a los productores de la zona y que básicamente permite plantar en seco y en forma intensificada.

La iniciativa, es financiada por el Fondo de Innovación para la Competitividad (FIC) del Gobierno Regional del Maule, promueve la investigación, la innovación y la competitividad en el sector. Proyecta beneficiar a cerca de 1.100 agricultores arroceros, así como a la cadena asociada al rubro que incluye a los asesores técnicos de los productores, empresas, organismos públicos chilenos como ODEPA e INDAP y de forma indirecta a todos los consumidores de arroz nacional. [See English version of IICA article]

 

SRI-Rice's insight:

Farmers in the Maule region, who use up to 1,700 liters of water to produce ½ kg of rice, have been affected by a mega drought, making current rice production methods unsustainable. Karla Cordero, from Chile's Genetic Rice Improvement Program, is adapting the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) to Chile’s temperate climate. A regional project, funded by the Innovation Fund for Competitiveness of the Regional Government of Maule, is helping 1,100 rice farmers and others in the value chain to adopt SRI and other measures. [See English version of IICA article]

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GHANA: Rice Production under the System of Rice Intensification and Conventional Methods: Which is more Profitable in Ghana?

Some studies consider the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) method of rice production as more profitable than the conventional method. Others, however, claim that there is no significant difference in yields between the two methods. The study was designed to identify which of the two methods of rice production is more profitable in Ghana. Two-stage sampling technique was used to select 220 farmers, comprising 110 farmers under each of the two methods of rice production which are predominant in Ejura-Sekyedumase Municipality and Sekyere East District of the Ashanti Region of Ghana. The study revealed that, while farmers under the SRI method obtain GH¢60.68 for every GH¢100.00 sale of rice, farmers under the conventional method obtained GH¢44.04 per every GH¢100.00. The study concludes that SRI, though a little more costly, is more profitable resulting from a higher yield brought on by the adoption of best agronomic practices associated with the method. Based on the empirical results, the authors recommend the promotion of the System of Rice Intensification in Ghana through awareness creation, extension services and training.

SRI-Rice's insight:

Vincent Abankwah and Lucy A. Tutu. 2021. Rice production under the System of Rice Intensification and conventional methods: Which is more profitable in Ghana? Journal of Experimental Agriculture International 43(1): 75-83. doi:10.9734/jeai/2021/v43i130633

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TANZANIA: Comparison of Silicon Status in Rice Grown Under the System of Rice Intensification and Flooding Regime in Mkindo Irrigation Scheme, Morogoro, Tanzania

TANZANIA: Comparison of Silicon Status in Rice Grown Under the System of Rice Intensification and Flooding Regime in Mkindo Irrigation Scheme, Morogoro, Tanzania | SRI-Rice Global News: May-July 2021 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

Silicon (Si), the second most abundant element available in the earth's crust, is a beneficial element for rice crop growth. A study was conducted in Mkindo irrigation scheme, Mvomero District, Morogoro, Tanzania, to assess the Silicon status in rice grown under the System of Rice Intensification and continuous flooding at various growth stages. The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design (RCBD): T1 was alternate wetting and drying using SRI and T2 was continuous flooding; treatments  were replicated three times with variety SARO 5 (TXD 306). ... Si content in rice seeds observed prior to the experiment was 6.76%. Si content in rice grains gradually increased during reproductive stage and later dropped during harvest. Si content in rice plant leaves increased significantly from vegetative to ripening stage whereby the highest Si content was recorded in T1 (12.37%) while T2 recorded the lowest value (10.15%). The authors concluded that the alternate wetting and drying field conditions enhances adequate uptake of Si compared to continuous flooding practices.

SRI-Rice's insight:

H. F. Gowele, F.C. Mahoo, and F.C. Kahimba. 2020. Comparison of silicon status in rice grown under the System of Rice Intensification and flooding regime in Mkindo Irrigation Scheme, Morogoro, Tanzania. Tanzania Journal of Agricultural Sciences 19(2): 216-226

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LIBERIA: 13,620 Farmers to Benefit from Climate-Resilient Rice Production Project

LIBERIA: 13,620 Farmers to Benefit from Climate-Resilient Rice Production Project | SRI-Rice Global News: May-July 2021 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

Stakeholders in the agricultural sector of Liberia have validated a climate-resilient rice production project (CRRP) that is expected to benefit about 13,620 smallholder rice farmers in five of the fifteen counties.

According to the Executive Director of the Community of Hope Agriculture Project (CHAP), Mr. Robert Bimba, the project seeks to improve the resilience to climate change and increase productivity of  smallholder rice farmers throughout West African using a more climate-adapted production approach, the System of Rice Intensification (SRI). The project is to be implemented by CHAP in collaboration with the Ministry of Agriculture and partners in five counties (Lofa, Bong, Nimba, Bomi, and Grand Gedeh). The Climate Resilient Rice Production Project in West AFRICA (RICOWAS) is funded by Adaption Fund.

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UTTAR PRADESH, INDIA: How an alcohol-addicted village became a model for organic farming

Apr 9 (IANS): From being a village with a high unemployment rate, whose natives were heavily dependent on alcohol, to becoming a model for SRI (System of Rice Intensification) and organic farming, the transformation of Kailashnagar, a tiny forest village in the Bahraich district of eastern Uttar Pradesh, has been phenomenal. Kailashnagar is today completely free of alcohol and is setting new records in SRI. In 2014, Geeta Prasad won an award from the state government for cultivating 118 quintals of organic rice through SRI farming in one hectare and in 2017. [Read more about how Kailashnagar's inhabitants turned their village around...]

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System of Rice Intensification - Videos and Audiofiles

System of Rice Intensification - Videos and Audiofiles | SRI-Rice Global News: May-July 2021 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

Find dozens of videos about the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) in the SRI-Rice video library!  These Include various types of SRI equipment, instructional material, country-based programs, and more! And we have collections in over 15 languages! Or, go directly to our SRI playlists on YouTube (though this will not include other formats).

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WEST AFRICA: Is the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) Pro Poor? Labour, Class and Technological Change in West Africa

WEST AFRICA: Is the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) Pro Poor? Labour, Class and Technological Change in West Africa | SRI-Rice Global News: May-July 2021 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

SRI increases yield and profitability in West African rice farming, especially when locally adapted. Farmers adjust SRI to fit lowland rice farming, where water cannot be controlled and to address labour constraints. Additional labour for transplanting (instead of broadcasting) – coinciding with an existing labour bottleneck – constrains SRI adoption. SRI is mainly practised by marginal and accumulating farmers and to a lesser extent by medium farmers. Accumulating farmers invest in agriculture, farm profit-oriented and overcome labour constraints by hiring. Thus, they can practise SRI on larger scale and their absolute benefits are higher. Nevertheless, they rely on hired labour to do so, which strengthens workers' bargaining position. Consequently, SRI benefits all: accumulating farmers who employ as well as marginal farmers and hired labourers. Contrary to findings from Asia, SRI seems to be relatively pro-poor in West Africa.

SRI-Rice's insight:

Sarah Lena Graf and Carlos Oya. 2021. Is the system of rice intensification (SRI) pro poor? Labour, class and technological change in West Africa. Agricultural Systems 193: 103229. doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2021.103229

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BANGLADESH: Reaping the Benefits: Training in Rice Growing System Ups Yields and Well-Being

Researchers conducted randomized trials of the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) agronomy method. Following SRI training of 5,486 Bangladeshi rice farmers, they compared trained and untrained farmers. The results showed compelling benefits for SRI's efficacy in increasing yield and profits, how it improves farming households' well-being, and its positive spillover effects in communities. This bolsters support for SRI's value, especially in the Global South.
SRI-Rice's insight:

Read the article referred to here: Barrett, Christopher B., et al. 2021. Experimental evidence on adoption and impact of the System of Rice Intensification. American Journal of Agricultural Economics. doi:10.1111/ajae.12245 [if you don't have access, contact the SRI Research Network (joining is free at https://tinyurl.com/sri-research-network ).

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KENYA: Enhancing Production While Saving Water through the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) in Kenya's Irrigation Schemes

KENYA: Enhancing Production While Saving Water through the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) in Kenya's Irrigation Schemes | SRI-Rice Global News: May-July 2021 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

SRI, as a green methodology, holds promise for food security, water savings, health and environmental benefits and improved productivity of rice in Africa. Over the past decade there has been a  steady rise in adoption of SRI in five irrigation schemes in Kenya: Mwea, Ahero, Budalangi, West Kano and South West Kano. By December 2017, over 10,000 rice farmers had adopted SRI in the five schemes. The high adoption was driven by positive results. In Kenya, research has shown SRI increases rice yields by between 20% -100% depending on variety, with water savings of 25%-33%. The effects of SRI on mosquito breeding showed that all mosquito larvae died in paddies under SRI, while they remained alive and multiplied in conventional flooded paddies, indicating the methodology holds promise for reducing malaria prevalence. Furthermore, SRI produces a harder, better grain which has superior qualities on milling and marketing.

SRI-Rice's insight:

B. M. Mati, W. W. Nyangau, J .A. Ndiiri, and R. Wanjogu. 2021. Enhancing production while saving water through the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) in Kenya's irrigation schemes. Journal of Agriculture, Science and Technology 20(1): 24-40

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INDIA: System of Rice Intensification in India

INDIA: System of Rice Intensification in India | SRI-Rice Global News: May-July 2021 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

This summary document provides an overview of the state of the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) in India. It also covers a literature review of impact studies conducted on SRI in India. It is related to a larger CEEW study-- Sustainable Agriculture in India 2021: What we know and how to scale up (a 92-page handbook on the 16 most promising sustainable agriculture practices in India). [The full study will be covered in the next SRI-Rice newsletter.]

SRI-Rice's insight:

The full study published by the Council on Energy and Water can be found here: Niti, Gupta, Shanal Pradhan, Abhishek Jain and Nayha Patel. 2021. Sustainable Agriculture in India 2021 – What we know and how to scale up. New Delhi: Council on Energy, Environment and Water.

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NTB, INDONESIA: Ini Harapan Gubernur terhadap Metode Tanam Padi Sistem SRI – Jarwo

NTB, INDONESIA: Ini Harapan Gubernur terhadap Metode Tanam Padi Sistem SRI – Jarwo | SRI-Rice Global News: May-July 2021 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

Mataram, DS-Gubernur NTB, Dr. H. Zulkieflimansyah, SE., M.Sc., berharap sistem tanam padi dengan kombinasi Metode System of Rice Intensification (SRI) – Jajar Legowo (Jarwo) pada Program Integrated Farming System (IFS), dapat meningkatkan produksi petani. Pesan tersebut disampaikan Doktor Zul, pada kegiatan panen padi sistem tanam SRI kombinasi Jarwo, Kamis (15/7/2021), di Dusun Dasan Baru Tojong-Ojong, Desa Selebung, Kecamatan Batukliang Loteng.

SRI-Rice's insight:

Mataram, DS-NTB Governor, Dr. H. Zulkieflimansyah, SE., M.Sc., hopes that the rice planting system with the combination of the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) – Jajar Legowo (Jarwo) method in the Integrated Farming System (IFS) Program, can increase farmers' production. The message was delivered by Dr. Zul at the Jarwo combination SRI planting system rice harvesting activity, Thursday (15/7/2021), in Dasan Baru Tojong-Ojong Hamlet, Selebung Village, Batukliang Loteng District, NTB, Indonesia.

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BURUNDI: PNSADR-IM, un Bilan Largement Positif dans la Région de l’Imbo

Les réalisations du Programme National pour la Sécurité Alimentaire et le Développement Rural des régions de l’Imbo et du Moso (PNSADR-IM) sont estimées à 90% dans la plaine de l’Imbo. Cela 10 mois avant sa clôture. Le Programme du Gouvernement financé par le FIDA, le GAFSP et les bénéficiaires, intervient depuis 2015 dans le renforcement de la sécurité alimentaire des populations des 9 communes de la région de l’Imbo et du Moso. « Que soit béni celui qui nous a enseigné le SRI », applaudit Jean Pierre Ndayishimiye, multiplicateur des semences de riz de la commune Mutimbuzi, province Bujumbura. Dans cette commune, le PNSADR-IM a réhabilité un marais de 808 hectares et a fait une extension de 202 hectares.

SRI-Rice's insight:

The achievements of Burundi's 6-year National Program for Food Security and Rural Development of the Imbo and Moso regions (PNSADR-IM), are estimated at 90% in the Imbo. "Blessed be he who taught us SRI," says Jean Pierre Ndayishimiye, a rice seed multiplier in Mutimbuzi commune, Bujumbura province where PNSADR-IM rehabilitated an 808 hectare marsh and extended it by 202 hectares. Before the PNSADR-IM intervention, Ndayishimiye harvested only 30-40 kg of paddy rice/ha. Since beginning to use SRI in 2019, the yield was 8 tonnes/ha. PNSADR-IM also made improvements in water distribution and regulation; provided storage structures, rice hullers, and credit access; and assistance with other crops.

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TANZANIA: Celebrating Sustainable Agriculture on International Day of Forests

TANZANIA: Celebrating Sustainable Agriculture on International Day of Forests | SRI-Rice Global News: May-July 2021 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

African Wildlife Foundation (AWF)-supported farmers in Kilombero are adopting conservation-friendly practices that boost agricultural yield and prevent deforestation. One of the biggest drivers of forest degradation in Africa is agriculture. As the population sand the demand for food increases, we are clearing more trees to make way for farmland. ...But the trade-off between forests and food is false. A community in Southern Tanzania is leading the way in embracing a new way of farming that not only protects the precious remaining forest resources, it also improves their incomes.

Dorotea Simo Magina, a 30-year-old mother of three lives in Kilombero District where she farms two acres of rice. For two years, she has been practicing a different kind of farming-- System of Rice Intensification. Using fewer seeds and less water, Dorotea has more than triple her harvest.

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INDIA: Scientist Helps 50k Farmers Switch To 'Madagascar Method', Increase Yield By 50%

INDIA: Scientist Helps 50k Farmers Switch To 'Madagascar Method', Increase Yield By 50% | SRI-Rice Global News: May-July 2021 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

The People's Science Institute (PSI), a non-profit research and development organisation, has helped close to 50,000 farmers switch from conventional farming methods to SRI in the last 15 years.  In 2006, Debashish Sen, director of PSI, and his team of agri-experts began training farmers based in Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh in the SRI technique.  In MP’s Shahpur Khurd village, Kavita Singh tells The Better India, “Initially, I was hesitant to adopt a new technique that required planting fewer crops. I thought it would be a waste of space, in addition to being more labour intensive. But the staggering results painted a different picture...”

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THE PHILIPPINES: Season-Long Organic SRI Training in Zamboanga del Sur Helps Farmers Adapt to Climate Change

THE PHILIPPINES: Season-Long Organic SRI Training in Zamboanga del Sur Helps Farmers Adapt to Climate Change | SRI-Rice Global News: May-July 2021 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

The changing climate has brought havoc to small farming communities as rice crops have been damaged due to strong winds, floods and droughts. The USAID/CDP Project PROSPER set out to try SRI methods to help mitigate the effects of climate change and at the same time make use of indigenous materials for rice production without sacrificing farm yield. Two rice farming villages in the Municipalities of Ramon Magsaysay and Tambulig, Zamboanga del Sur were chosen for the Climate Resiliency Farm School (CRFS) that ran from October 2020 to March 2021.

Following a number of presentations and discussions, two sets of plots --one for SRI and one for conventional chemical farming-- were prepared. Many farmers were surprised by the outcomes: SRI plots had less wind damage, less pest damage, and similar or higher yields than the conventional plots. Fifty-seven farmers completed the program; all planned to continue using SRI. Additional CRFS/SRI trainings are planned. The SRI Pilipinas network will continue its aggressive advocacy program for organic System of Rice Intensification throughout the Philippines

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Compatible package-based agriculture systems: an urgent need for agro-ecological balance and climate change adaptation

Compatible package-based agriculture systems: an urgent need for agro-ecological balance and climate change adaptation | SRI-Rice Global News: May-July 2021 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

This article covers some emergent agronomic practices adopted in the tropical agro-ecosystems that have the potential to be developed as compatible agricultural package in combination. It also explores some key indicators/environmental factors to assess the compatibility of different agronomic practices. For identifying the research transition from single to combined agricultural practices, a bibliometric analysis was performed by using conservation agriculture (CA), the system of rice intensification (SRI), organic agriculture and soil (biochar) amendment as the major agronomic practices being used for improving agro-ecological services such as improving nutrient cycling, soil fertility and crop productivity as well as climate change mitigation. The results revealed that scientific communities are now paying attention to exploring the role of combined agricultural practices for agro-ecological balance and climate change adaptation.

SRI-Rice's insight:

R. Singh, T. Kumari, P. Verma, et al. 2021. Compatible package-based agriculture systems: an urgent need for agro-ecological balance and climate change adaptation. Soil Ecology Letters (online first April 28, 2021) doi:10.1007/s42832-021-0087-1

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TAMIL NADU, INDIA: A New Style of Growing Rice

TAMIL NADU, INDIA: A New Style of Growing Rice | SRI-Rice Global News: May-July 2021 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

The “System of Rice Intensification (SRI),” is a way to raise rice which involves the management of seedlings, weeds, and more. See how V. Ravichandran, a farmer in India and member of the Global Farmer Network uses SRI on his farm in this video. [Don't forget to click on the BBC video that accompanies the item about drip irrigation and SRI.]

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INDIA: Influence of Various Water Saving Techniques on Yield and Water Productivity of Irrigated Rice: A Review

INDIA: Influence of Various Water Saving Techniques on Yield and Water Productivity of Irrigated Rice: A Review | SRI-Rice Global News: May-July 2021 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is one among the most important staple food crops globally. In Asia, more than two billion people are getting 60-70 per cent of their energy requirement from rice and its derived products. Food security depends on the power to extend production with decreasing availability of water to grow crops. Rice is among the greatest water users, consuming about 80% of the total irrigated fresh water resources in Asia. Key technological interventions which could rectify the utilization of freshwater in agriculture include direct seeded rice (DSR), system of rice intensification (SRI), alternate wetting and drying (AWD), furrow irrigated raised bed planting systems (FIRB)... Amongst the water saving techniques, SRI proves to be one of the most promising options to save water and increase water productivity without decreasing land productivity.

 

SRI-Rice's insight:

Sharma, Aaina, et al. 2021. Influence of various water saving techniques on yield and water productivity of irrigated rice: A review. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 10(1): 1993-2004. doi:10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1001.231

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