Maghreb - Proche et Moyen Orient
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La France appuie la Turquie sur la mise en oeuvre des IG

La France appuie la Turquie sur la mise en oeuvre des IG | Maghreb - Proche et Moyen Orient | Scoop.it

Un programme bilatéral de coopération technique est en cours depuis 2015 dans le domaine des Indications Géographiques (IG) entre la France et la Turquie. Initialement, en mars 2015, un séminaire d’échanges des expériences françaises et turques avait permis d’analyser la situation des IG en Turquie. Les experts de l’INAO, du Ministère de l’Agriculture et du CIHEAM y ont notamment fait des présentations. Un programme bilatéral de coopération technique a alors été élaboré pour 2015-2016 entre nos deux pays.


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Le Kazakhstan, la Russie et l'Iran ont signé un mémorandum sur le commerce du blé

Le Kazakhstan, la Russie et l'Iran ont signé un mémorandum sur le commerce du blé | Maghreb - Proche et Moyen Orient | Scoop.it

Les ministère de l’Agriculture du Kazakhstan, de la Russie et de l’Iran ont conclu un mémorandum d’accord tripartite sur le commerce du blé, rapporte la Commission économique eurasienne (CEE).

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Heritage crops that feed on sea water could feed the UAE's growing population

Heritage crops that feed on sea water could feed the UAE's growing population | Maghreb - Proche et Moyen Orient | Scoop.it

Scientists are hoping to tackle the region’s food insecurity by reintroducing heritage crops that have been genetically modified to grow using saltwater straight from the sea.

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Can Iraq beat the drought and become the breadbasket of the Middle East again?

Can Iraq beat the drought and become the breadbasket of the Middle East again? | Maghreb - Proche et Moyen Orient | Scoop.it

Despite an environmental crisis, award-winning expert Azzam Alwash believes that Iraq can revive its agriculture.

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Afghan Women Socio-economic Status and Gender Equality in Afghanistan

Afghan Women Socio-economic Status and Gender Equality in Afghanistan | Maghreb - Proche et Moyen Orient | Scoop.it

Gender inequality refers to unequal treatment or perceptions of individuals based on their gender. It results from differences in socially determined gender roles and through the biological differences between men and women we discussed in the earlier session.

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Afghanistan: China’s increasing role in the brokering peace 

Afghanistan: China’s increasing role in the brokering peace  | Maghreb - Proche et Moyen Orient | Scoop.it

As China continues to embrace its role as a major regional power, its increasing willingness to engage with the Afghan peace process offers an interesting indication to the emerging dynamics of the wider Central Asian region. 

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Dans la ville yéménite de Hodeida, la nourriture comme arme de guerre

Dans la ville yéménite de Hodeida, la nourriture comme arme de guerre | Maghreb - Proche et Moyen Orient | Scoop.it

Les silos à grains renvoient l'écho de tirs: dans la ville portuaire de Hodeida, dans l'ouest du Yémen en guerre, un important stock de blé reste inaccessible à la population menacée de famine, malgré une trêve entre le gouvernement et les rebelles.

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L’UE inaugure un système de troc avec l’Iran 

L’UE inaugure un système de troc avec l’Iran  | Maghreb - Proche et Moyen Orient | Scoop.it

L’UE s’apprête à mettre en place un système de troc avec l’Iran, afin de contourner les sanctions américaines.

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The neo-Ottoman issue

The neo-Ottoman issue | Maghreb - Proche et Moyen Orient | Scoop.it

Turkey is currently pursuing the following aims: 1) ​​becoming a Eurasian regional power; 2) later uniting all Turkmen ethnic groups from Anatolia to Xinjiang; 3) finally becoming a leading country in the Sunni Muslim world.

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An Israeli startup is combining AI and drones to yield more fruit

An Israeli startup is combining AI and drones to yield more fruit | Maghreb - Proche et Moyen Orient | Scoop.it

A Tel Aviv-based startup has just announced the launch of a new service called SeeTree that will provide farmers with important on trees.

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Le Qatar et l’Iran face au blocus : une entente conjoncturelle 

Le Qatar et l’Iran face au blocus : une entente conjoncturelle  | Maghreb - Proche et Moyen Orient | Scoop.it

Au-delà des éléments politiques, le rapprochement irano-qatari est marqué par l’augmentation des échanges entre les deux pays depuis la mise au ban de l’émirat par ses voisins en juin 2017. Mais l’Iran représente-t-il pour autant une solution durable pour que le Qatar parvienne à contourner les sanctions de ses anciens partenaires du Conseil de coopération du Golfe (CCG) ?

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The geopolitics of the Black Sea 

The geopolitics of the Black Sea  | Maghreb - Proche et Moyen Orient | Scoop.it

Crimea is essential to Russia strategically and economically, but talk of Turkey helping to increase the US presence in the Black Sea seems far-fetched given Turkey's energy deals with Moscow.

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CPSEC: The Saudi addition to CPEC

CPSEC: The Saudi addition to CPEC | Maghreb - Proche et Moyen Orient | Scoop.it

CPEC has been a cornerstone of Pakistan’s long-term macroeconomic policy, and no matter who has been in power, the resolve to continue it further has been steadfast. Pakistan has realized its geopolitical advantage and has focused on constructing trade, energy and transportation corridors throughout its length.

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How silicon makes Israel’s desert bloom 

How silicon makes Israel’s desert bloom  | Maghreb - Proche et Moyen Orient | Scoop.it

Pink boolworms are the scourge of cotton farmers. The insect is less than an inch long, but it has a voracious appetite for the plant’s seeds. As a child living on Kibbutz Ginosar, in Israel’s north, Ofir Schlam would wake up at dawn to inspect leaves for the pest. “They were really hard to find,” he recalls.

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Le nord-est syrien : les enjeux du grenier à blé 

Le nord-est syrien : les enjeux du grenier à blé  | Maghreb - Proche et Moyen Orient | Scoop.it

Dans la guerre qui secoue la Syrie depuis 2011, un enjeu reste majeur : le contrôle des terres agricoles. Dans le nord-est du pays, où le Parti de l’union démocratique (PYD) gère un territoire autonome, les récoltes de blé ont été catastrophiques en 2018. Si les autorités invoquent des conditions climatiques désastreuses, le conflit a accentué la dégradation des modes d’exploitation et a désorganisé le marché, obligeant à s’interroger sur l’avenir du « Rojava ».

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Israel agriculture minister raids Al-Aqsa Mosque with 93 settlers 

Israel agriculture minister raids Al-Aqsa Mosque with 93 settlers  | Maghreb - Proche et Moyen Orient | Scoop.it

Israeli agriculture minister Uri Ariel, along with dozens of settlers, stormed Al-Aqsa Mosque in occupied Jerusalem yesterday. 

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Iran, Russia, Kazakhstan sign deal on wheat trade

Iran, Russia, Kazakhstan sign deal on wheat trade | Maghreb - Proche et Moyen Orient | Scoop.it

The ministries of agriculture of Iran, Russia and Kazakhstan have concluded a trilateral memorandum of understanding on the issue of wheat trade.

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Israel and Kazakhstan have close ties in education, medicine, agriculture and technology

Israel and Kazakhstan have close ties in education, medicine, agriculture and technology | Maghreb - Proche et Moyen Orient | Scoop.it

Israel and Kazakhstan have been developing close ties in different spheres and on various levels, exchanging experience and knowledge in education, medicine, agriculture and technology, said Israeli Ambassador Liat Wexelman.

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IRAN: support for US Iran policy out of left field: China dramatically reduces trade with Tehran

IRAN: support for US Iran policy out of left field: China dramatically reduces trade with Tehran | Maghreb - Proche et Moyen Orient | Scoop.it

China has dramatically reduced its trade with Iran in line with US sanctions, raising questions whether Iran will remain committed to an international agreement that puts severe limits on its nuclear endeavours. 

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Syria and Iran sign 'strategic' economic agreement

Syria and Iran sign 'strategic' economic agreement | Maghreb - Proche et Moyen Orient | Scoop.it

Syria and Iran signed 11 agreements and memoranda of understanding late Monday (Jan 28), including a "long-term strategic economic cooperation" deal aimed at strengthening cooperation between Damascus and one of its key allies in the civil war that has torn the country apart. The agreements covered a range of fields including economy, culture, education, infrastructure, investment and housing.

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Desalinated water affects the energy equation in the Middle East

Desalinated water affects the energy equation in the Middle East | Maghreb - Proche et Moyen Orient | Scoop.it

Perhaps more than in other parts of the world, in the Middle East energy and water are closely intertwined. Any discussion about the outlook for electricity in the region also becomes a discussion about water. As we examined in detail in the latest WEO special report, Outlook for Producer Economies, this is largely because of the way that the Middle East has turned to desalination to help narrow the gap between freshwater withdrawals and sustainable supply.

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Argentina ships beef to Tunisia

Argentina ships beef to Tunisia | Maghreb - Proche et Moyen Orient | Scoop.it

Following a six-year absence, Argentina’s Ministry of Agriculture has revealed it will ship its first 25 tonnes of boneless beef to Tunisian agribusiness Farah.

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En situation de pénurie record de blé, la Syrie en achète 200.000 tonnes à la Russie 

En situation de pénurie record de blé, la Syrie en achète 200.000 tonnes à la Russie  | Maghreb - Proche et Moyen Orient | Scoop.it

Ses récoltes de blé ayant été très faibles en 2018, la Syrie a acheté à la Russie 200.000 tonnes de cette céréale au mois de janvier et envisage d'en acheter le même volume le mois prochain, écrit le quotidien syrien al-Baath.

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Getting around sanctions with crypto-rial

Getting around sanctions with crypto-rial | Maghreb - Proche et Moyen Orient | Scoop.it

In April 2018, the Central Bank of Iran banned domestic banks and people from dealing in foreign cryptocurrency because of money laundering and financing risks. However, the CBI decided to take a more moderate stance toward the digital money and blockchain technology following the imposition of a new round of U.S. sanctions, hoping that the digital technology would facilitate Iran’s international money transfers and let the country evade the sanctions.

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Cannabis and hemp in the Ottoman Empire

Cannabis and hemp in the Ottoman Empire | Maghreb - Proche et Moyen Orient | Scoop.it

Turkey is looking to revive cannabis cultivation in order to begin using it in industry. Though the Ottoman Empire had a huge hemp industry, the plant has not been cultivated in Anatolia for decades.

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Iran’s oil market facing the new sanctions era: What to expect

Iran’s oil market facing the new sanctions era: What to expect | Maghreb - Proche et Moyen Orient | Scoop.it

After an expected hiatus in Iran’s oil exports to some of the country’s main customers following the reimposition of the US sanctions, once again the country’s old buyers are coming back to take advantage of the 180-day window which has been presented by the waivers granted in November. 

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