PLASTICITIES « Between matter and form, between experience and consciousness, the active plasticity of the world »
8.5K views | +0 today
Follow
PLASTICITIES  « Between matter and form, between experience and consciousness, the active plasticity of the world »
TRANSDISCIPLINARY NETWORK ON PLASTICITIES    /    RÉSEAU TRANSDISCIPLINAIRE SUR LES PLASTICITÉS  
Your new post is loading...
Your new post is loading...
Rescooped by Plasticities Sciences Arts from Neuroscience_topics
Scoop.it!

Autism as a disorder of prediction

Autism as a disorder of prediction | PLASTICITIES  « Between matter and form, between experience and consciousness, the active plasticity of the world » | Scoop.it

Autism is characterized by diverse behavioral traits. Guided by theoretical considerations and empirical data, this paper develops the hypothesis that many of autism's salient traits may be manifestations of an underlying impairment in predictive abilities. This impairment renders an otherwise orderly world to be experienced as a capriciously “magical” one. The hypothesis elucidates the information-processing roots of autism and, thereby, can aid the identification of neural structures likely to be differentially affected. Behavioral and neural measures of prediction might serve as early assays of predictive abilities in infants, and serve as useful tools in intervention design and in monitoring their effectiveness. The hypothesis also points to avenues for further research to determine molecular and circuit-level causal underpinnings of predictive impairments.(...) - by Sinha P et al., PNAS,  vol. 111 no. 42, 15220–15225, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1416797111


Via Julien Hering, PhD
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Plasticities Sciences Arts from Les voies de la lumière, de la peinture vers les mots en livres
Scoop.it!

ETHEROSPERMIA: Conceptual Art, Science and Allegory in the sky-seeding project

ETHEROSPERMIA: Conceptual Art, Science and Allegory in the sky-seeding project | PLASTICITIES  « Between matter and form, between experience and consciousness, the active plasticity of the world » | Scoop.it

 This paper presents the practice of the artist/researcher Ioannis Michaloudis. It showcaseshis use of a space technology nanomaterial, silica aerogel, and its potential in the culturalutilization of space. Since 2001, his projects have centered around the esthetic, sculpturaland conceptual use of silica aerogel. For Michaloudis, this material is highly allegorical of what he terms‘our breaking sky’. For the authors, the step towards space is a real‘bridgemoment’, analogous to the evolutionary progression of organisms from water to earth. Inthis current era of space exploration, it is clear that humans need to develop new organsand survival skills–or, cultivate new skies in response tothe breaking of our atmosphere'sdome. It is also clear that science and art need to collaborate more productively. To thisend, it is argued that allegory provides the link between imaginability, experiment andrepresentation in both scientific and artistic practices.Etherospermia(εθεροσπερμία) isan invented word frometherandpanspermia. TheEtherospermiaproject pursues,allegorically, the creation of new atmospheres on other planets, in order to draw attentionto the degradation and destruction of the earth's protective veil. Imagine an astronautwho, during a space walk, scatters fragments of Michaloudis' silica aerogel as seedmaterial to alter the atmospheres of other planets, making them habitable. The paperdiscusses nine artworks as a way of presenting the conceptual core of theetherospermiaallegory. ...


Via Jacques Urbanska, Lambert Savigneux
No comment yet.