Financing and Distribution of Pharmaceuticals in the United States | Pharmaguy's Insights Into Drug Industry News |

Adapted from a figure by the Congressional Budget Office.1 Services represent contractual relationships between entities. Rebates are payments from manufacturers to pharmaceutical benefit managers. Chargebacks are payments from manufacturers to distributors. Retailers include pharmacies, hospitals, group purchasing organizations, and mail-order programs. AMP indicates average manufacturer price; WAC, wholesale acquisition cost.