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Rescooped by Bernard Rentier from Open Science
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Alessandro Vespignani: open data is key to preserve nature of science

Alessandro Vespignani: open data is key to preserve nature of science | Open-Up Public Science! | Scoop.it

Big data changes the way we do science and replicate it

Physicist Alessandro Vespignani is one of the main experts in networks and statistical and numerical simulations. An Italian scientist, he is currently working at the College of Computer and Information Sciences at Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. In this EuroScientist podcast interview, he shares his views on the need to re-think the concepts of replicability and reproducibility. (...) - Euroscientist, by Luca Tancredi Barone, 29 April 2015


Via Tree of Science
Tree of Science's curator insight, August 8, 2015 2:58 PM

While the #bigdata revolution is ongoing, there are new challenges in data reproducibility  #openscience #openresearch #opendata

Nicolas Pettiaux's curator insight, August 12, 2015 5:12 AM

One of the key aspect of science is reproducibility. For me that is "if some affirmation said to be science cannot be claimed, based on an independent study, by another team/person, there is NO scientific process taking place. Hence reproducibility is impossible". In order to allows for reproducibility, there are some necessary conditions : the full process must be described, the data must be accessible too. Either by independent production if possible, or by giving full access to the data first analyzed. And the software used must be fully accessible too, because it contains the details of the process, if any software is used. And we all know that the devil hides in the details.


Alessandro Vespignani, rightfully says "the (scientific) validation happens when you have different teams that work at the same time on the same set of data to recover results.” Hence, the data must often, at least if their production or storage is difficult or expensive, be open if not libre (in the sense of libre access)

 In short, in many (most ?) cases, in 2015, in order to do science, the description of the results (= the paper), the data, the software and the comments by the community must all be open and sharable without barrier. Cost is one such barrier.
Rescooped by Bernard Rentier from Science ouverte - Open science
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L’Union Européenne s'est engagée en faveur du libre accès

L’Union Européenne s'est engagée en faveur du libre accès | Open-Up Public Science! | Scoop.it

Le Septième programme-cadre, dit FP7, qui s’achève fin 2013, comprend depuis 2008 un projet pilote en faveur du libre accès aux résultats de la recherche, pour 20% de son budget global. Les domaines concernés sont l’énergie, l’environnement, la santé, les technologies de l’information et de la communication, les infrastructures électroniques de recherche et les SHS. Dans ce cadre, les cofinancements accordés par l’Union européenne s’accompagnent d’une obligation de mise à disposition des résultats en libre accès. Les chercheurs restent libres d’opter pour la voie qui leur convient le mieux, dorée, publication en open access, ou verte, dépôt en archive ouverte. Attention: les publications "dorées" doivent également être déposées, dans l'intérêt des dépôts institutionnels en tant qu'inventaire complet de la production institutionnelle, en "vert".


Via Florence Piron
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Rescooped by Bernard Rentier from Science ouverte - Open science
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Reconciling Law and Ethics with Open Science in Biotechnology Research

Do the current ethical and legal policies applicable to research with genomic databases sufficiently account for the new reality of open biotechnology? How could the current policy framework be improved to facilitate the transition to a more transparent, collaborative research context? Our research will investigate the impact of open biotechnology on research ethics and legal policies with a particular focus placed on informed consent (scope of consent, privacy, data ownership) to large open database projects. We will use a combination of quantitative and qualitative research strategies that will offer complementary applied legal and ethical data on the impact of open biotechnology on the governance of genomic research. The use of a common research methodology in all streams of the project will facilitate comparisons and integration of our results. Our methods will include comparative legal and ethical research (policy review, legal research), questionnaire analysis and focus group interviews. To validate our findings, we will engage stakeholders at the annual meetings of two major organizations involved in research with open databases: The Public Population Project in Genomics (P3G) and the International Cancer Genome Consortium (ICGC).


Via Florence Piron
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