Odin Prometheus: Earth's History
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"You know, I really don't know my history": Historical Memory, Slavery, and Plantation Day

"You know, I really don't know my history": Historical Memory, Slavery, and Plantation Day | Odin Prometheus: Earth's History | Scoop.it


"Take a quick look at the Texas Historical Commission's plaque about the plantation again. There is no mention of enslaved African Americans. Credit for the plantation's success is given to machines, horses, and Jackson himself. Likewise, none of the other signs recognized the constant, coerced labor African Americans faced. Additionally, we know black women were very likely to face all kinds of sexual abuse.
Enslaved African-Americans in Brazoria County produced 3/4s of the entire state’s output.

In no way did anyone running Plantation Day try to recreate the cruel dynamics that existed under slave societies.
In no way did anyone running Plantation Day try to recreate the cruel dynamics that existed under slave societies."

Via Community Village Sites
Community Village Sites's curator insight, September 8, 2013 1:24 AM

Plantations for profits turned into prisons for profits.


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The Fate of #Captive Orcas in 2014.

The Fate of #Captive Orcas in 2014. | Odin Prometheus: Earth's History | Scoop.it
Killer whales, more properly known as orcas, have been kept in captivity since 1961, helpless victims of a blatantly commercial experiment which has seen dozens of wild orcas plucked from their families and forced to live in artificial social groupings which bear scant resemblance to their natural order.TALKING POINTSAt least 144 orcas have been taken into captivity from the wild125 of these (or 87%) orcas are now deadThere are currently 53 orcas in captivity around the worldOf the 33 orcas that were born in captivity and have since died (excluding stillbirths), they survived an average of 4.5 yearsAt least 44 orcas have died at SeaWorld

Unaware of their plight, millions of people flock each year to watch the orca show, seduced by the extravagant promises of the display industry. Glossy brochures herald a spectacle which will simultaneously 'entertain and educate the whole family'. Visitors are invited to enter a fantasy land, where orcasweighing several tonnes circle, leap and tail-slap seemingly out of sheer high spirits. Highly-choreographed show routines, performed to a background of tired old rock songs, are presented as 'natural behaviour'. Entranced, many of the spectators fail to register the bare concrete walls of the tank. At show's end, as they file out, few people notice the endless circling of the captives in the holding pools or the drooping dorsal fins of the males.

Clever marketing and showmanship have, however, failed to completely conceal the reality behind the razzmatazz. Visitors may experience feelings of disappointment, distaste and disillusionment after watching the orcas perform, finding it hard to articulate these feelings precisely, but aware that the docile, playful orca portrayed is far removed from the real animal. Similar emotions have been reported after seeing captive tigers or elephants - an awareness that the animal's dignity is demeaned and that, in 'taming the spirit of the great beasts', we, too, are somehow reduced in stature.

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Orcas deceased in captivity " The deadly history of captive killer whales. "

Orcas deceased in captivity " The deadly history of captive killer whales. " | Odin Prometheus: Earth's History | Scoop.it

Also not included are mortalities during capture operations which were, at least in the years until 1970, another 10 orcas in WA, USA and 1 orca in BC, Canada. Another orca died during the 1992 capture in Argentina. On September 26, 2003, a juvenile female orca died during a capture in Russia. In August 2012 at least one more orca died during a Russian capture. 
All these included would bring the total death count up to 203 orcas.

Note: According to data recently released by the Japanese Fisheries Agency, in total 63 orcas have been taken in Japanese waters since 1972. Two of these orcas are still alive, 18 are listed as dead in the above count. That means that in addition to the ones listed above another 43 orcas have been taken, possibly killed during captures or more probably killed for meat or pet food.

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10 Of The Most Bizarre Books Ever Written - Listverse.

10 Of The Most Bizarre Books Ever Written - Listverse. | Odin Prometheus: Earth's History | Scoop.it
If literary history teaches us one thing, it’s that people were just as confused and immature in the Middle Ages as they are now. From unsolvable codes to13th-century penis doodles in the margins of bibles, history is like an all-encompassing high school cliche that never comes to an end. These books span the course of written history, and they’re all utterly bizarre.
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Best temples to see at Angkor, Siem Reap, Cambodia.

Best temples to see at Angkor, Siem Reap, Cambodia. | Odin Prometheus: Earth's History | Scoop.it


Michael Turtle

There is no doubt that the region of Angkor is one of the most important archaeological sites in the world. For more than 500 years it was the centre of the Khmer empire and still today it is the spiritual heart of Cambodia. That the national flag has the main temple Angkor Wat in its design speaks volumes.

The whole area stretches out over 400 square kilometres and has more than a thousand temples (in various states of disrepair). Shortly I’ll let you know what I think the best temples to visit around Siem Reap are. Preservation and restoration have become a priority at Angkor and it was only in 2004 that the site was removed from the ‘in danger’ section of UNESCO’s World Heritage List. But, as with many sites of this notoriety, the threat to its conservation is now coming from booming tourist numbers. There are now more than two million visitors to the Angkor site each year.

(If you’re after something a bit quieter, you should check out Beng Mealea temple.)

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Darius, Apadana of

Darius, Apadana of | Odin Prometheus: Earth's History | Scoop.it
Multimedia for Darius, Apadana of. Explore the updated online encyclopedia from Encyclopaedia Britannica with hundreds of thousands of articles, biographies, videos, images, and web sites.
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The Eleusinian Mysteries: The Rites of Demeter

The Eleusinian Mysteries: The Rites of Demeter | Odin Prometheus: Earth's History | Scoop.it

What, exactly, this mystic ritual was, no one knows; but why the ancient Greeks participated in it can be understood by the testimonials of the initiated.

The Eleusinian Mysteries, held each year at Eleusis, Greece, fourteen miles northwest of Athens, were so important to the Greeks that, until the arrival of the Romans, The Sacred Way (the road from Athens to Eleusis) was the only road, not a goat path, in all of central Greece. The mysteries celebrated the story ofDemeter and Persephone but, as the initiated were sworn to secrecy on pain of death as to the details of the ritual, we do not know what form this celebration took. We do know, though, that those who participated in the mysteries were forever changed for the better and that they no longer feared death.

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The Ash Heap of History

The Ash Heap of History | Odin Prometheus: Earth's History | Scoop.it
For over half of a millennium, the lands encompassing present-day Ethiopia and portions of both Sudan and Somalia have been a source of deep and abiding mystery. It is a land steeped in religious and mystical significance, said by some to be the final resting place of the Ark of the Covenant and the home of one of the biblical magi.[1] In addition, many archeologists and explorers have independently uncovered evidence that a complex civilization — the kingdom of the Aksumites (or Auxumites) — once thrived there, but disappeared suddenly.
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2600 years of history in one object.

2600 years of history in one object. | Odin Prometheus: Earth's History | Scoop.it
A clay cylinder covered in Akkadian cuneiform script, damaged and broken, the Cyrus Cylinder is a powerful symbol of religious tolerance and multi-culturalism. In this enthralling talk Neil MacGregor, Director of the British Museum, traces 2600 years of Middle Eastern history through this single object.
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5 Ancient Acts of War That Changed the Face of the Earth.

5 Ancient Acts of War That Changed the Face of the Earth. | Odin Prometheus: Earth's History | Scoop.it

Nothing motivates people like war. That's how the Great Wall of China got built--they were protecting themselves against enemies who lived to the north.

But that wall is hardly the only time we've changed the face of the planet in the name of winning a war. Some of the ass kickings unleashed with ancient empires on the line were so mind-boggling, the Earth still hasn't recovered.

Read more: http://www.cracked.com/article_18476_5-ancient-acts-war-that-changed-face-earth.html#ixzz3127vcGoQ
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Zooniverse - Real Science Online.

Zooniverse - Real Science Online. | Odin Prometheus: Earth's History | Scoop.it

The Zooniverse is home to the internet's largest, most popular and most successful citizen science projects. Our current projects are here but plenty more are on the way. If you're new to the Zooniverse, we suggest picking a project and diving in - the same account will get you into all of our projects, and you can keep track of what you've contributed by watching 'My Zooniverse'.

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Did the #Phoenicians Discover the New World?

Did the #Phoenicians Discover the New World? | Odin Prometheus: Earth's History | Scoop.it

If Mark McMenamin is correct, neither Columbus nor the Vikings were the first non-natives to set foot on the Americas. McMenamin, the Mount Holyoke geologist who last year led an expedition that discovered the oldest animal fossil found to date, may have made another discovery--one that sheds radical new light on present conceptions of the Classical world and on the discovery of the New World.

Working with computer-enhanced images of gold coins minted in the Punic/Phoenician city in North Africa of Carthage between 350 and 320 BC, (please see sketch of coin right and where the world map is supposed to have been inscribed) McMenamin has interpreted a series of designs appearing on these coins, the meaning of which has long puzzled scholars. McMenamin believes the designs represent a map of the ancient world, including the area surrounding the Mediterranean Sea and the land mass representing the Americas.

If this is true, these coins not only represent the oldest maps found to date, but would also indicate that Carthaginian explorers had sailed to the New World.

In fact, it was his interest in the Carthaginians as explorers that led McMenamin to study the coins. The Carthaginians were closely linked to the Phoenicians of the Middle East in terms of origin, culture, language, and naval enterprise. Both peoples are widely credited with significant sailing exploits through the Mediterranean, to the British Isles, and along the coast of Africa.

Read more: Did the Phoenicians Discover the New World? http://phoenicia.org/america.html#ixzz2oCwZQMwf
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Welcome to The Ancient Web - The Ancient World's Great Civilizations.

Welcome to The Ancient Web - The Ancient World's Great Civilizations. | Odin Prometheus: Earth's History | Scoop.it

About the Ancient Web:

The Ancientweb strives to become the best online destinationthat provides information, a community and resources for those interested in the cultural heritage left to us by our ancient ancestors. As our site and creative efforts continue to evolve and will provide the following benefits for our growing community.

For Students & Teachers

We believe that by developing the tools necessary for teachers and students to connect, we can foster learning and appreciation of the past. We are still striving to develop a suite of tools that will help us achieve these aims.

For Our Community

We would like our community to grow, and become a destination for anyone interested in the ancient past of their own culture, as well as those they would like to learn about. We are going to create the tools necessary to allow for everyone to contribute to an amazing online user experience.

To Preserve the Past

We believe that the trade in antiquities and the destruction of cultural sites is destroying our past. We hope to begin awareness campaigns to promote the proper study of our ancient heritage, and will partner with authors, professionals in the field, museums, and cultural institutions to help them raise revenue for their ongoing studies and efforts to preserve our ancient past.

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10 of the most fascinating lost cities of the world | Getaway Travel Blog.

10 of the most fascinating lost cities of the world | Getaway Travel Blog. | Odin Prometheus: Earth's History | Scoop.it

As lost cities of the world go, Atlantis is at the top of the list of mythical places that have enticed the interest of explorers and historians through the ages. It was originally mentioned by ancient Greek philosopher Plato in his dialogues, Timaeus and Critias, written around 360 BC. As Plato explains: the city of Atlantis conquered Western Europe and Africa and was considered a naval power in the ancient world. After failing to conquer Athens, Atlantis sunk into the ocean in a single day and night, never to be seen or heard from again. Whether the lost city of Atlantis exists or not is irrelevant, the idea of a great civilisation brought to its knees by nature is enough to tug on the curiosity of all. Here is a list of 10 actual lost cities that have fascinated the imaginations of people and archaeologists alike.


1. Machu Picchu, Peru

Image by world-wide-gifts.com

Machu Picchu is a fifteenth century Inca site in Peru, built at the height of the Inca Empire. It is the most legendary icon of Inca civilisation. Archaeologists believe it was built as an estate in 1450 for the Inca emperor Pachacuti. It was rediscovered in 1911 by American historian and politician Hiram Bingha. Reasons for the desertion of  this ancient Inca city is still largely unknown but it’s believed to have been abandoned a century later because of the Spanish conquest. Another theory hypothesises that the inhabitants of Machu Picchu had been infected with smallpox by travellers before the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors and died out (read: Machu Picchu – mystery in the mountains). Machu Picchu is now considered a World Heritage Site and was voted one of the Seven Wonders of the World in 2007.

Visit Machu Picchu

Follow the Inca traditions from Cuzco, through the fertile heartland of the Sacred Valley and to the magnificent Ollantaytambo ruins, before trekking to Machu Picchu on a six-night Inca Trail adventure. Visit Getaway Travel – Inca Trail adventure for more details. Here are a few handy tips for surviving Peru’s Inca Trail.


2. Pompeii, Italy

Image by Cliff Hellis

The vanished city of Pompeii (a favourite in our 10 ancient places to spend the Apocalypse) was a Roman city situated at the foot of Mount Vesuvius near modern day Naples in Italy. It was a popular destination for ancient Romans who had holiday villas in the area. In AD 79 Mount Vesuvius erupted, leaving in its wake destruction and death. Pompeii was buried under millions of tons of volcanic ash that measure four to six meters thick. It was rediscovered by explorers in 1748 and had remained largely intact underneath the thick layer of ash and pumice that had protected it against natural decay. The artefacts have provided us with detailed insight into the life of the city during the Pax Romana era. Pompeii has been a tourist destination for over 250 years and in now a World Heritage Site and is one of Italy’s most popular tourist destinations.


3. Great Enclosures, Zimbabwe

Image by Richard Pluck

The stone ruins of Great Zimbabwe span across an area of almost 728 hectares of the southeastern hills of Zimbabwe, near Lake Mutrikwe. These ancient lost city of Africa ruins are renowned for its architecture of stone walls constructed without mortar. It was built by the ancestors of the Shona people and served as a palace for the Zimbabwean monarch during the Iron Age. The walls of the Great Enclosures tower as high as 11 m and extend as wide as 250 metres, making it the largest structure south of the Sahara Desert. The construction of Great Zimbabwe started in the eleventh century and continued into the fourteenth century. Great Zimbabwe has been adopted as a national monument by the Zimbabwean government and is recognised as a World Heritage Site (read: 10 of the best World Heritage Sites in Africa).

Visit Zimbabwe

Hop on a houseboat in Kariba, throw yourself off the Victoria Falls bungee and enjoy a safari next to the wild Zambezi on one of these affordable Zimbabwe travel packages with Getaway Travel.


4. Angkor Wat, Cambodia

Image by Pigalle

Originally an ancient Hindu temple built in honour of god Vishnu, Angkor Wat later became a Buddhist temple in the fourteenth century. It is the largest religious monument in the world covering an area of 82 hectares. Its name means ‘temple-city’ and it was constructed in the early twelfth century by the Khmer King, Suryavarman II as his state temple and his eventual mausoleum. Angkor Wat was considered the capital of the Khmer Empire during his reign. The temple was built at the height of Khmer classical style architecture and was made by using over five million tons of sandstone. It is recognised as a World Heritage Site and is a symbol for Cambodia, appearing on its national flag.


5. Mahendraparvata, Cambodia

 Image by Pigalle 

The recent discovery of Mahendraparvata by Australian archaeologist in June 2013, is a testament to the legendary Khmer Empire. It pre-dates Angor Wat by 350 years and was founded in AD 802. It is a medieval city situated in the thick jungle brush on the Phnom Kulen Mountains located 40 kilometres north of Angor Wat. The discovery of this lost city is owed to state of the art airborne laser technology called the Lidar. With the help of Lidar Australian archaeologist discovered that the scattered ruins in that area all belonged to the temple-city Mahendraparvata, It is linked by a network of roads, dykes, ponds and temples divided into city blocks.


6. Petra, Jordan

Image by Cliff Hellis

The Rose City, better known as the Lost City of Petra (another one of our 10 ancient places to spend the Apocalypse), is a stone city that rises out of a cliff face between the Red and Dead Sea. This ancient Nabataean caravan-city was inhabited since the pre-historic era. Its inhabitants, the Nabataeans, were Arabian nomads. For reasons not fully understood, they moved from a nomadic lifestyle to living in a city. The city was an important crossroad and cultural hub between Arabia, Egypt and Syria-Phoenicia. During the Hellenistic and Roman period it was a major centre for incense of Arabia, the silks of China and the spices of India. It is recognised as a World Heritage Site and is famous for its monuments cut into the surrounding cliffs.


7. Palmyra, Syria

Image by Ulrich Waack

The ancient oasis city of Palmyra, situated in central Syria and located north-east of Damascus, houses the ruins of a monumental city that was one of the most prominent cultural centres in the ancient world. The architecture is a combination of Graeco-Roman techniques with the local influences of Persia. The earliest documented references to Palmyra in its Semitic name Tadmor is found in Babylonian tablets, Mari, in the second millennium BC. It was a prominent trade route linking Persia, India and China with the Roman Empire. The bible attributes the building of Palmyra to Solomon as part of his Kingdom. Palmyra was inhabited by Arabian tribes and fell into disuse in the 16 century. It was replaced with a newer town of the same name, Tadmor, located next to it. It is recognised as a World Heritage Site and its most notable building is the temple of Ba’al. This temple is considered to be a very important religious building of the first century AD in the Middle East.


8. Derinkuyu Underground City, Turkey

Image from Wikimedia Commons

The underground city of Derinkuyu is an ancient 13-storey underground city of the Median Empire in Nevesehir Province, Turkey. The city extends to depths of more than 85 metres and is large enough to house approximately 20 000 people together with livestock and food stores.  It is the largest excavated underground city in the historical region of Cappadocia where there are many underground complexes (read: the fairy chimneys of central Turkey).  The city was built out of soft volcanic rock and was possibly constructed by the Phrygians, a Bronze Age people related to the Trojans, in the seventh and eighth centuries BC. Some believe it was built by the Hittites, a warrior nation mentioned in the bible. It is unknown why the underground city of Derinkuyu was built or how the civilisation had access to the technology needed in order to build it. Theories range from building a temporary shelter to protect from invasions to extraterrestrials coming to earth and assisting early civilisations through the ice age.


9. Pavlopetri, Greece

Image by ToNToN CoPT

The city of Pavlopetri is a sunken city, off the coast of southern Laconia in Peloponnese, Greece. It is about 5 000 years old and was originally founded in 2800 BC. The underwater city has an almost complete town plan. It was discovered in Nicolas Flemming in 1967 and was mapped by a team of archaeologist in 1968. Studies of city ruins show that the town was flooded around 1000 BC as artefacts dating back to the Mycenaean period as well as the Bronze Age were found. It has a minimum of 15 buildings under three to four metres of water. The ancient name of the city is unknown but the given name is the name of the islet and surrounding beaches. After 40 years after its discovery, the Greek government have now allowed archaeologists to excavate the sight in order to understand more about the people and the town.


10. Timgad, Algeria

Image by PhR61

Located on the northern slopes of the Aures Massif, 60 kilometres east of Batna and 170 kilometres south of the Mediterranean coast is the Algerian city of Timgad. It was built in 100 AD by the Roman Emperor Trajan as a military garrison town controlling one of the main passes through the Aures Mountains to the Sahara. The town was only built to house approximately 15 000 people but its popularity and surrounding fertile land, attracted more. It soon outgrow its original plan and additional infrastructure and buildings were later added. In the fifth century the town was attached by vandals and fell into disrepair. Solomon, the Byzantine general found the city in AD 535 and came to occupy it. The city was briefly repopulated with early Christians before it was attacked by Berbers in the seventh century after which it was abandoned. It is recognised as a World Heritage Site in Algeria.

- See more at: http://blog.getaway.co.za/travel-ideas/destinations/lost-cities-of-the-world/#sthash.6uZR8Uax.dpuf
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Top 10 Ancient Civilizations With Advanced Technology.

Top 10 Ancient Civilizations With Advanced Technology. | Odin Prometheus: Earth's History | Scoop.it

Like a real life Indiana Jones, maverick archeologist David Hatcher Childress has taken many incredible journeys to some of the oldest and most remote spots on earth. Writing prolifically of lost cities and ancient civilizations, he has produced no less than six lengthy books (the Lost Cities series) chronicling the dimly remembered glories of obscure locales from the Gobi desert to Puma Punku in Bolivia, from Mohenjo Daro to Ba'albek. We caught up with him shortly before taking off for New Guinea on yet another archeological expedition and asked him if he would be willing to write an exclusive for Atlantis Rising on the Top 10 Ancient Civilizations with Advanced Technology. He agreed to dig through his archives and give us a story.


According to various esoteric sources, the first civilization arose 78,000 years ago on the giant continent known as Mu or Lemuria and lasted for an astonishing 52,000 years. It is sometimes said to have been destroyed in earthquakes generated by a pole shift which occurred some 26,000 years ago, or at approximately 24,000 B.C. 

While Mu did not reach as high a technology, supposedly, as other later civilizations, it is, nevertheless, said to have attained some advanced technology, particularly in the building of long-lasting megalithic buildings that were able to withstand earthquakes. However, it was the science of government that is sometimes said to have been Mu's greatest achievement. 

Supposedly, there was one language and one government. Education was the keynote of the Empire's success, and because every citizen was versed in the laws of the universe and was given thorough training in a profession or trade, magnificent prosperity resulted. A child's education was compulsory to the age of 21 in order for him to be eligible to attend citizenship school. This training period lasted for seven years; so the earliest age at which a person could become a citizen of the empire was 28. 


It is said that when the continent of Mu sank, the oceans of the world lowered drastically as water rushed into the newly formed Pacific Basin. The relatively small islands which had existed in the Atlantic during the time of the Lemurian civilization were left high and dry by the receding ocean. The newly emerged land joined the Poseid Archipelago of the Atlantic Ocean to form a small continent. This continent is called Atlantis by historians today, though its real name was Poseid. 

Atlantis is believed to have taken technology to very advanced stages, well beyond what exists on our planet today. In the book A Dweller On Two Planets, first dictated in 1884 by Phylos the Thibetan to a young Californian named Frederick Spencer Oliver, as well as in a 1940 sequel, An Earth Dweller Returns, there is mention of such inventions and devices as air conditioners to overcome deadly and noxious vapors; airless cylinder lamps, tubes of crystal illuminated by the night side forces; electric rifles, guns employing electricity as a propulsive force (rail-guns are similar, and a very new invention); mono-rail transportation; water generators, an instrument for condensing water from the atmosphere; and the Vailx, an aerial ship governed by forces of levitation and repulsion. 

The sleeping clairvoyant, Edgar Cayce, in a reading spoke of the use of aeroplanes and of crystals or firestones used for energy and related applications. He also speaks of the misuse of power and warnings of destruction to come. 


Fortunately, the ancient books of India's Rama Empire have been preserved, unlike those of China, Egypt, Central America, Peru. Many of these ancient nations are now either desert wastelands, swallowed by thick jungle or literally at the bottom of some ocean. Yet India, despite devastation by wars and invasion, managed to maintain a large part of its ancient history. 

For a long time, Indian civilization was not believed to date from much earlier than about 500 B.C., only about 200 years prior to Alexander the Great's invasion of the subcontinent. In the past century, however, the extremely sophisticated cities of Mohenjo Daro (Mound of the Dead) and Harappa have been discovered in the Indus Valley of modern-day Pakistan. 

The discoveries of these cities forced archaeologists to push the dates for the origin of Indian civilization back thousands of years. A wonder to modern-day researchers, the cities were highly developed and caused leading archaeologists to believe that they were conceived as a whole before they were built: a remarkable early example of city planning. Even more remarkable is that the plumbing-sewage system throughout the large city is superior to that found in Pakistan, India, and most Asian countries today. 


It is said that at the time of Atlantis and Rama, the Mediterranean was a large and fertile valley. This ancient civilization, pre-dating dynastic Egypt, was known as the Osirian Civilization. The Nile river came out of Africa, as it does today, and was called the River Stix. However, instead of flowing into the Mediterranean Sea at the Nile Delta in northern Egypt, it continued into the valley, and then turned westward to flow in the deepest part of the Mediterranean Valley where it created a large lake and then flowed out between Malta and Sicily, and south of Sardinia into the Atlantic at Gibraltar (the Pillars of Hercules). When Atlantis was destroyed in a cataclysmic upheaval, this cataclysmic change in the Atlantic slowly flooded the Mediterranean Basin, destroying the Osirian's great cities and forcing them to move to higher ground. This theory helps explain the strange megalithic remains found throughout the Mediterranean. 

It is an archaeological fact that there are more than 200 known sunken cities in the Mediterranean. Egyptian civilization, along with the Minoan and Mycenean in Crete and Greece are, in theory, remnants of this great, ancient culture. The civilization built huge earthquake-proof megalithic structures and had electricity and other conveniences common during the time of Atlantis. Like Atlantis and Rama, they had airships and other modes of transport, often electrical in nature. The mysterious cart tracks of Malta, which go over cliffs and under water, may well be part of some ancient Osirian tram-line, possibly taking quarried stone to cities that are now submerged. 

Probably the best example of the high technology of the Osirians is the amazing platform found at Ba'albek, Lebanon. The main platform is composed of the largest hewn rocks in the world, the famous ashlars of Ba'albek. Some of the individual stones are 82 feet long and 15 feet thick and are estimated to weigh between 1,200 and 1,500 tons each! 


Many ancient cities are said to have existed at the time of Atlantis and Rama in the Uiger civilization of the Gobi Desert. Though the Gobi is now a parched land-licked desert, these cities were ocean ports. Edgar Cayce once said that elevators would be discovered in a lost city in the Gobi Desert, and while this has not happened yet, it is not out of the question. 

Vimanas and other advanced devices are said to have been in use in the Uiger area, and the famous Russian explorer Nicholas Roerich reported seeing a flying disc over northern Tibet in the 1930s. Perhaps the craft was an ancient vimana coming from a still active city using Uiger technology that exists in Northern Tibet or the Gobi Desert. 

Significantly, it is claimed that the Elders of Lemuria, known as the Thirteenth School, moved their headquarters prior to the cataclysm to the uninhabited plateau of Central Asia that we now call Tibet. Here they supposedly established a library and school known as The Great White Brotherhood. 

For instance, the great Chinese Philosopher Lao Tzu, born in 604 B.C., talked frequently of Ancient Masters and their profound wisdom. He wrote the famous book, Tao Te Ching, probably the most popular book ever written in Chinese. When he finally left China, near the close of his very long life, he journeyed to the west to the legendary land of Hsi Wang Mu. According to the ancient Chinese, this was the headquarters of the Ancient Ones. Could this have been The Great White Brotherhood and the Thirteenth School of Mu? 


As in Mu and Atlantis, construction in South America was on megalithic scale with polygonal construction techniques designed to make the massive walls earthquake-proof. Earthquake-resistant walls were important all around the Ring-of-Fire, ancient Mu. 

Homes and communal buildings were built out of megalithic blocks of stone. Because of the high regard the culture had for the well being of future generations and the value they placed upon the gradual, sustained growth of the community, structures were built to last for thousands of years. A house built of cement, wood and plaster-wall will last a hundred years or so, if kept up. Witness the megalithic construction of Egypt, Malta, Peru. These buildings are still standing today. Cuzco, the ancient capital of Peru, which was probably built before the Incas, is still inhabited today after thousands of years. Indeed, most of the buildings of downtown Cuzco today incorporate walls that are many hundreds of years old (whereas more recent buildings constructed by the Spanish are already crumbling). 

Only a few hundred miles to the south of Cuzco lie the fantastic ruins of Puma Punku, high in the Altiplano of Bolivia. The ruins of Puma Punku, about one mile from the famous ruins of Tiahuanaco, are massive megalithic constructions that are tossed about like toy building blocks. What kind of cataclysmic upheaval could have done such a thing? Here is the kind of megalithic construction meant to last for thousands of years, yet, the 100-ton blocks have been torn asunder by mighty geological forces. 

It would appear that the South American continent was suddenly and violently thrust upward during some kind of cataclysm, most likely a pole shift. A former sea-level canal can now be seen at 13,000 feet in the Andes Mountains. As possible evidence for this scenario, many ocean fossils can be found near Lake Titicaca. The lake is even inhabited by the only known fresh water sea horses. 


Mayan pyramids are found from Central America to as far away as the Indonesian island of Java. The pyramid of Sukuh, on the slopes of Mount Lawu near Surakarta in central Java is an amazing temple with stone stelae and a step pyramid that would match any in the jungles of Central America. The pyramid is in fact virtually identical to the pyramids found at the ancient Mayan site at Uaxactun, near Tikal. 

The ancient Mayans were brilliant astronomers and mathematicians whose early cities lived in agrarian harmony with earth. They built canals and hydroponic garden cities throughout the ancient Yucatan Peninsula. Some of the Mayan glyphs were allegedly radionic-type insect control devices that broadcast an etheric vibration of the targeted pest. 

Edgar Cayce mentions the Mayas and their technology in one reading: As for a description of the manner of construction of the stone: we find it was a large cylindrical glass (as would be termed today); cut with facets in such manner that the capstone on top of it made for centralizing the power or force that concentrated between the end of the cylinder and the capstone itself. As indicated, the records as to ways of constructing same are in three places in the earth, as it stands today: in the sunken portion of Atlantis, or Poseidia, where a portion of the temples may yet be discovered under the slime of ages of sea water, near what is known as Bimini, off the coast of Florida. And (secondly) in the temple records that were in Egypt, where the entity acted later in cooperation with others towards preserving the records that came from the land where these had been kept. Also (thirdly) in records that were carried to what is now Yucatan, in America, where these stones (which they know so little about) are now, during the last few months, being uncovered. 

It is believed that an ancient Hall of Records resides somewhere in the Mayan region, probably beneath an existing pyramid complex, in an underground tunnel and chamber system. Some sources say that this repository of ancient knowledge is kept in quartz crystals that are of exceptional quality and capable of holding large amounts of information in the similar manner as a modern CD. 


Ancient China, known as Han China, is said to have come, like all civilizations, from the huge Pacific continent Mu. The ancient Chinese are known for their sky-chariots, their geomancy, and the jade manufacture that they shared with the Mayas. Indeed, the ancient histories of the Chinese and the Mayas seem indelibly linked. 

Anthropologists makes a good case for a Taoist influence coming to Central America by showing Shang dynasty symbols and motifs (the yin-yang is the most famous, but there are many more) and then relating them to known Mayan art and sculpture. Jade was of particular importance to the Shang Chinese. So far, the source of Chinese jade has not been pinpointed. Much of it may have come from Central America. Even the source of Central American jade is a mystery; many ancient jade mines are believed to be still undiscovered. Anthropologists suggest that Chinese voyages to Mexico, between 500-300 B.C., may have been related to Taoist trade in magic mushrooms or drugs of longevity. 

The ancient Chinese are often said to be the originators of every invention from toilet paper, earthquake detectors, paper money, canons, rocket technology, printing methods, and thousands of other clever and high-tech items. In 1959 archaeologists in China discovered belt buckles made out of aluminum thousands of years ago. Aluminum is generally processed from bauxite with electricity! 


From such ancient texts as the Bible and the Ethiopian book Kebra Negast, we have tales of the high technology of ancient Ethiopia and Israel. The temple at Jerusalem is said to have been founded upon three gigantic ashlar blocks of stone similar to those at Ba'albek, Lebanon. Today, the revered Temple of Solomon and Muslim Dome of the Rock mosque exist on this site, whose foundations apparently reach back to the Osirian civilization. 

Like much of the later Phoenician construction, the building at the Temple to hold the Ark of the Covenant and the temples in Ethiopia are the last of the megalithic stone constructions. The massive Temple Mount, built by King Solomon on the ruins of earlier megalithic temple, was made to house the ancient relic known as the Ark of the Covenant. 

The Ark of the Covenant is said to have been an electrical generator box which housed several sacred objects, including a solid gold statue from earlier cultures that is called the Holy of Holies. This box and gold statue were said to have been removed from the King's Chamber in the Great Pyramid in Egypt by Moses during the period of the Exodus. 

Many scholars believe that the Ark of the Covenant, as well as other ancient artifacts, were actually electrical devices, some of which were worshipped in temples as oracles. The Bible recounts how certain unauthorized persons would touch the Ark and be electrocuted. 


The last of my list of ancient civilizations is that of the virtually unknown ancient culture of the Aroi Sun Kingdom of the Pacific. While the so-called lost continent of Mu sank over 24,000 years ago in a pole shift, the Pacific was later repopulated by a racial mixture of all civilizations, coming from Rama, China, Africa and the Americas. 

An advanced island nation, with larger areas of land than are currently in the Pacific, grew up around Polynesia, Melanesia and Micronesia. Ancient legends in Polynesia attribute this remarkable civilization to the Aroi Kingdom that existed many thousands of years before the European rediscovery of the Pacific. The Aroi allegedly built many of the megalithic pyramids, platforms, arches, roads and statues throughout the central Pacific. 

When some of the more than 400 gravel hills on New Caledonia were excavated in the 1960s, cement columns of lime and shell matter were carbon dated by Yale and the New Caledonia Museum as having been made before 5120 B.C. and 10,950 B.C. These weird cement columns can be found in the southern part of New Caledonia and on the Isle of Pines. 

According to the Easter Islanders, the statues of the islands walked or levitated in order to move in a clock-wise spiral around the island. On the island of Pohnpei, the Micronesians claim that the stones of the eleven-square-mile city were levitated into place. 

The Polynesians of New Zealand, Easter Island, Hawaii and Tahiti all believe that their ancestors had the ability of flight and would travel through the air from island to island. Was this the Air Atlantis flight that stopped in Malta, Ba'albek, and Rama destined for the remote but popular convention center at Easter Island?

Taryn Gregg's curator insight, February 25, 2016 3:18 PM

All of these are great but lets skip down to number 7 and read how advanced the Mayan's were.

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Other Captive #Orcas - Historical Chronology | A Whale Of A Business | FRONTLINE | PBS

Other Captive #Orcas - Historical Chronology | A Whale Of A Business | FRONTLINE | PBS | Odin Prometheus: Earth's History | Scoop.it

U.S. Marine Mammal Protection Act. 


passed by the U.S. Congress.


1994 as amended, jurisdiction of the care and management of captive marine mammals passes from the U.S. National Marine Fisheries Service to the Animal Plant and Health Inspection Service.


Early Killer Whale Capture Attempts on Record:

1961, November Marineland of the Pacific, south of Los Angeles, discovers a single orca feeding alone in nearby Newport Harbor. They corral the female whale, finally hoisting it onto a flatbed. When the whale is introduced into the tank, she smashes head-on into the wall. Frank Brocato, Marineland's head animal collector at the time, recalls: "We'd suspected the animal was in trouble because of its erratic behavior in the harbor...But the next day, she went crazy. She started swimming at high speed around the tank, striking her body repeatedly. Finally, she convulsed and died." The autopsy reveals she suffered from acute gastroenteritis and pneumonia.


1962, September

Frank Brocato, Marineland's head animal collector, and his assistant, Boots Calandrino, bring their 40-foot collecting boat, the Geronimo, to Puget Sound, Washington, to search for another killer whale for the aquarium. After a month of searching, they found a mature male and female orca in Haro Strait, off San Juan Island. "The female, who seemed to be chasing something, headed straight for the boat. At that moment, Brocato saw a harbor porpoise cross the bow and skirt the ship...The porpoise was followed by the female orca, in hot pursuit." The two animals circled the boat, the little porpoise apparently using the boat as a shield. "'I reeled there was a good chance to use the lasso,' said Brocato, remembering the incident. 'So I put my partner out on the bowsprit and told him to watch for that porpoise... because the orca might be right behind it. And it was. He slipped on the lasso. We had her. But then everything started to go wrong.' The cow cut sharply and dived under the boat,...its last few turns caught the heavy nylon line and wound it around the propeller shaft, immobilizing the boat. ...The female ran the end of her 250-foot-long tether and surfaced at the edge of the mist. Then Brocato heard screaming high-pitched piercing cries coming from the female. ...the big male appeared out of the mist a few minutes later, and together, the two animals started swimming at great speed toward the boat. They charged several times, turning away only at the last instant but thumping the boat with a sound thwack of the flukes as they passed. ...Brocato grabbed his 375-magnum rifle and started shooting. He put one bullet into the male, who then disappeared. But it took 10 shots to kill the female. ... That night, Brocato towed the carcass to nearby Bellingham to have the animal weighed and measured. ...Brocato took the teeth as souvenirs, and the animal was rendered for dog food."

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10 Ancient Civilizations That History Forgot - Listverse

10 Ancient Civilizations That History Forgot - Listverse | Odin Prometheus: Earth's History | Scoop.it
Much like Isaac Newton imagined when he gave his famous “shoulders of giants” quote, our modern civilizations owe a great deal to those which came before us. While examples like the Sumerians or Egyptians are deeply ingrained in nearly everyone’s minds, there are a number of other civilizations which have been largely forgotten. Here are 10 of them.
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600 year old mystery manuscript decoded by University of Bedfordshire professor - beds.ac.uk.

600 year old mystery manuscript decoded by University of Bedfordshire professor - beds.ac.uk. | Odin Prometheus: Earth's History | Scoop.it
AN award-winning professor from the University has followed in the footsteps of Indiana Jones by cracking the code of a 600 year old manuscript, deemed as ‘the most mysterious’ document in the world.

Stephen Bax, Professor of Applied Linguistics, has just become the first professional linguist to crack the code of the Voynich manuscript using an analytical approach.

The world-renowned manuscript is full of illustrations of exotic plants, stars, and mysterious human figures, as well as many pages written in an unknown text.

Up until now the 15th century cryptic work has baffled scholars, cryptographers and codebreakers who have failed to read a single letter of the script or any word of the text.

Over time it has attained an infamous reputation, even featuring in the latest hit computer game Assassin’s Creed, as well as in the Indiana Jones novels, when Indiana decoded the Voynich and used it to find the ‘Philosopher's Stone’.

However in reality no one has come close to revealing the Voynich’s true messages.

Many grand theories have been proposed. Some suggest it was the work of Leonardo da Vinci as a boy, or secret Cathars, or the lost tribe of Israel, or most recently Aztecs … some have even proclaimed it was done by aliens!

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10 Epic Roman Military Disasters Your History Books Forgot - Listverse

10 Epic Roman Military Disasters Your History Books Forgot - Listverse | Odin Prometheus: Earth's History | Scoop.it
One of the main reasons the Roman civilization managed to occupy such a vast territory and then lasted for so long was its military fighting prowess. However, while the Romans did win amazing victories, they also figured in some of the worst military disasters ever, proving to us that no fighting force in history can ever be truly invincible.
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30 GIFs That Explain The World Around Us

Satiate your appetite for knowledge with thirty incredible GIFs that explain the world around us!
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Amazing temple ruins of the Roman period in Baalbek | World Religion Culture and People.

Amazing temple ruins of the Roman period in Baalbek | World Religion Culture and People. | Odin Prometheus: Earth's History | Scoop.it
Baalbek  is a town in the Bekaa Valley of Lebanon, altitude 1,170 metres, situated east of the Litani River. It is famous for its exquisitely detailed yet monumentally scaled temple ruins of the Roman period, when Baalbek, then known as Heliopolis, was one of the largest sanctuaries in the Empire. It is Lebanon’s greatest Roman treasure, and it can be counted among the wonders of the ancient world. It contains the largest and most noble Roman temples ever built, and they are among the best preserved.
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#ATLANTEAN GARDENS: Legendary Pre-Flood Civilizations.

#ATLANTEAN GARDENS: Legendary Pre-Flood Civilizations. | Odin Prometheus: Earth's History | Scoop.it

The legendary pre-Flood civilizations like Atlantis, Thule, and Hyperborea were said to have been built on highly advanced science and technology, with a possibly direct connection with what is happening now around the world.  

Sir Francis Bacon, a key leader in the Rosicrucians which later became known as the Illuminati, planned for America to become the “New Atlantis” and the center of the New World Order about a hundred years before America became a nation. To better understand the occult connections between antediluvian civilizations, such as Atlantis or Thule, and modern times, it becomes necessary to review the accounts of those who supposedly established these civilizations.

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8 Ruined Cities That Remain a Mystery to This Day.

8 Ruined Cities That Remain a Mystery to This Day. | Odin Prometheus: Earth's History | Scoop.it
The world is full of ruined cities, but some have such mysterious rises and falls that they haunt our imaginations. Even if we know who built them, certain aspects of the city may simply defy comprehension in the modern age. Here are 8 ancient cities that we may never fully understand.
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Operation War Diary: Working together with Citizen Historians during the First World War Centenary.

Operation War Diary: Working together with Citizen Historians during the First World War Centenary. | Odin Prometheus: Earth's History | Scoop.it
About Operation War Diary

Operation War Diary brings together original First World War documents from The National Archives, the historical expertise of IWM and the power of the Zooniverse community.

It will create new ‘Citizen Historians'. Working together we will make previously inaccessible information available to academics, researchers and family historians worldwide, leaving a lasting legacy for the centenary of the First World War.

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The Revelation of the #Pyramids

The Revelation of the #Pyramids | Odin Prometheus: Earth's History | Scoop.it

The Revelation Of The Pyramids takes an in depth look into one of the seven wonders of the world, the Great Pyramids of Egypt. Mystery has surrounded these epic structures for centuries with theories varying from the scientific to the bizarre.

However with over thirty-seven years of in depth research taking in sites from China, Peru, Mexico and Egypt, one scientist has as at last managed first to understand and then to reveal what lies behind this greatest of archaeological mysteries: a message of paramount importance for all mankind, through time and space.

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Earth Science Institute World.

Earth Science Institute World. | Odin Prometheus: Earth's History | Scoop.it
OBJECTIVE: "Bring the wonders of Science to as many as we can one day at a time"
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