NSW Senior Geography ( Current syllabus)
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The changing face of Japan: labour shortage opens doors to immigrant workers

The changing face of Japan: labour shortage opens doors to immigrant workers | NSW Senior Geography ( Current syllabus) | Scoop.it
Japan – once one of the world’s most homogenous societies – is starting to unwind its traditional opposition to large-scale immigration

Via Seth Dixon
Lorraine Chaffer's insight:

Population 

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Seth Dixon's curator insight, April 3, 7:05 PM

Japan is one of the closest examples of a nation-state.  And like Iceland, that is in part because the ocean historically has acted as a massive barrier to cultural diffusion and migration. Today though, modern transportation makes that barrier negligible.  Cultural attitudes have continued to not favor international immigration but their declining population has forced a change towards the end of 2018 (see any of theses five articles from Washington Post, Japanese Times, Nippon.com, the Guardian, and the Diplomat).

Japan has traditionally been one on the countries most opposed to allowing large number of migrants into their country.  The administration is still presenting themselves as tough on immigration; the 2018 policy change will allow semi-skilled workers to enter Japan for 5 years, but they cannot bring their family members with them, and they still must pass a Japanese-language exam.  These shifts are not an abandonment of policies that seek to preserve cultural homogeneity, but they are also an acknowledgement of the demographic realities and struggles of a declining population.     

Until 2018, Japanese policy only highly-skilled migrants were allowed in to Japan, with advantages given to those with Japanese ancestry.  However, these stringent migration policies coupled with Japan’s declining birth rates meant that Japan’s population was declining substantially enough to negatively impact their economy.  There were foreign workers filling in the gaps, but only 20% of those workers had functioning work visas under the old prohibitive system. This new policy is primarily aimed at replacing workers in sectors that are facing severe labor shortages, that are being classified as “semi-skilled workers.”  The law is trying to walk a fine line, trying to bring in more workers to Japan while simultaneously making it very difficult still trying to make it very tough for these workers to settle permanently in Japan. This will have a significant impact on Japanese society, and in the near future, it’s cultural institutions.   

 

GeoEd Tags: Japan, East Asia, declining population, migration.

Frances Meetze's curator insight, June 12, 12:01 PM
Insight on Population issues and migration in Japan
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Virtual visits: how Finland is coping with an ageing population | Sarah Johnson | Society | The Guardian

Virtual visits: how Finland is coping with an ageing population | Sarah Johnson | Society | The Guardian | NSW Senior Geography ( Current syllabus) | Scoop.it
Online lunch clubs are the start of a remote care revolution to reduce the spiralling costs of caring for older people
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The Three Most Important Graphs in Climate Change –

Why? Many people might point to the lack of robust science literacy in America today. Others might point to the deliberate attempts by industry groups and their political allies to obfuscate the…
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Bison are back, and that benefits many other species on the Great Plains

Bison are back, and that benefits many other species on the Great Plains | NSW Senior Geography ( Current syllabus) | Scoop.it
Bison once dominated the Great Plains but were nearly wiped out by hunters in the 1800s. Now scientists are learning that bison's presence improves plant and wildlife diversity on the prairies.
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Has Tokyo reached ‘peak city’? | Cities | The Guardian

Has Tokyo reached ‘peak city’? | Cities | The Guardian | NSW Senior Geography ( Current syllabus) | Scoop.it
You could argue that the world’s biggest city has hit a sweet spot: a flatlining population, pervasive transit and little gentrification. But is ‘peak city’ even possible – and where does Tokyo go from here?
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Living Planet Index

Living Planet Index | NSW Senior Geography ( Current syllabus) | Scoop.it
The Living Planet Index is a measure of the state of the world’s biological diversity based on vertebrate population trends from around the world.
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Abandoned Chacaltaya Ski Resort – La Paz, Bolivia

Abandoned Chacaltaya Ski Resort – La Paz, Bolivia | NSW Senior Geography ( Current syllabus) | Scoop.it
Discover Abandoned Chacaltaya Ski Resort in La Paz, Bolivia: The world’s highest ski resort was deserted after an 18,000-year-old glacier melted away.
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Melting permafrost in Arctic will have $70tn climate impact – study | Environment | The Guardian

Melting permafrost in Arctic will have $70tn climate impact – study | Environment | The Guardian | NSW Senior Geography ( Current syllabus) | Scoop.it
Study shows how destabilised natural systems will worsen man-made problem
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Overtourism in 2019: How can popular cities cope with tourist hordes?

Overtourism in 2019: How can popular cities cope with tourist hordes? | NSW Senior Geography ( Current syllabus) | Scoop.it
The high tourism season hasn't started yet, and there are already signs that landmarks in Europe are bursting at the seams.
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Plant extinction 'bad news for all species'

Plant extinction 'bad news for all species' | NSW Senior Geography ( Current syllabus) | Scoop.it
Almost 600 plant species have been lost from the wild in the last 250 years, according to a study.
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Interactive: Everything you need to know about Adani – from cost, environmental impact and jobs to its possible future

Interactive: Everything you need to know about Adani – from cost, environmental impact and jobs to its possible future | NSW Senior Geography ( Current syllabus) | Scoop.it
Everything you need to know – where it is, the environmental impact, Indigenous land rights issues and actual profitability – of the Adani Carmichael coal mine in one simple interactive.
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Disappearing sea ice is changing the whole ecosystem of the Arctic Ocean

Disappearing sea ice is changing the whole ecosystem of the Arctic Ocean | NSW Senior Geography ( Current syllabus) | Scoop.it
Algae at the bottom of the Arctic food chain relies on sea ice.
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London population: Why so many people leave the UK's capital

London population: Why so many people leave the UK's capital | NSW Senior Geography ( Current syllabus) | Scoop.it
The UK's capital has grown rapidly, yet more Britons leave the city than arrive.
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Greenland’s ice sheet is melting unusually fast - Climate change

Greenland’s ice sheet is melting unusually fast - Climate change | NSW Senior Geography ( Current syllabus) | Scoop.it
That may raise the sea level by an extra millimetre this year
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Population change game | factors affecting population change | KS3 geography | KS4 geography

Population change game | factors affecting population change | KS3 geography | KS4 geography | NSW Senior Geography ( Current syllabus) | Scoop.it
A dice game to introduce to reasons why populations grow and decline, referring to birth rates, death rates, migration and conflict etc. Students can use it to develop their understnading of the causes of population change.
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China’s National Panda Park Will Be Three Times the Size of Yellowstone

China’s National Panda Park Will Be Three Times the Size of Yellowstone | NSW Senior Geography ( Current syllabus) | Scoop.it

The vast space will connect China’s fragmented panda populations, enabling the land giants to better find mates and diversify their species’ gene pool
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Assessing the Global Climate in May 2019 | News

Assessing the Global Climate in May 2019 | News | NSW Senior Geography ( Current syllabus) | Scoop.it
The global land and ocean temperature departure from average for May 2019 was fourth highest on record for the month of May.
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Scientists shocked by Arctic permafrost thawing 70 years sooner than predicted | Environment | The Guardian

Scientists shocked by Arctic permafrost thawing 70 years sooner than predicted | Environment | The Guardian | NSW Senior Geography ( Current syllabus) | Scoop.it
Weakened permafrost in Canadian Arctic a further sign that global climate crisis accelerating faster than scientists had feared
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3 reasons we should all care about biodiversity

3 reasons we should all care about biodiversity | NSW Senior Geography ( Current syllabus) | Scoop.it
Human activity is causing disruption across the natural world - from areas as large as the Great Barrier Reef to as small as the parasites inside a crab's shell.
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Greenland map captures changing Arctic in fine detail

Greenland map captures changing Arctic in fine detail | NSW Senior Geography ( Current syllabus) | Scoop.it
The British Antarctic Survey produces an exquisite new printed sheet map of Greenland and the European Arctic.
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From cheeseburgers to coral reefs, the science of decision-making can change the world

From cheeseburgers to coral reefs, the science of decision-making can change the world | NSW Senior Geography ( Current syllabus) | Scoop.it
As public crises like obesity and environmental destruction continue to worsen, behavioural science is more vital than ever to policy-makers.
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World Population Growth

World Population Growth | NSW Senior Geography ( Current syllabus) | Scoop.it
In the 20th century the world population increased from 1.5 billion to 6.1 billion. Now closing in on 8 billion, population growth is slowing. How has population growth varied across the world? How has population changed over our history? See global and country-level data.
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Antarctic Ice Loss 2002-2016

Antarctic Ice Loss 2002-2016 | NSW Senior Geography ( Current syllabus) | Scoop.it
Between 2002 and 2016, Antarctica shed approximately 125 gigatons of ice per year, causing global sea level to rise by 0.35 millimeters per year.
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Queenstown, New Zealand tourist tax: Locals vote for bed tax to help with overcrowding

Queenstown, New Zealand tourist tax: Locals vote for bed tax to help with overcrowding | NSW Senior Geography ( Current syllabus) | Scoop.it
Faced with a flood of sightseers each year, the residents of the poster-child town of New Zealand's tourism boom have overwhelmingly called for a tax on tourists.
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