Principios e valores do Next Journalism
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Principios e valores do Next Journalism
Que princípios e valores essenciais devem ser preservados no "next journalism"?
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Fórum O Futuro do Jornalismo - U.Porto Programa

Fórum O Futuro do Jornalismo - U.Porto   Programa | Principios e valores do Next Journalism |

Universidade do Porto – Pólo de Ciências da Comunicação

Praça Coronel Pacheco, 15 – Anfiteatro 1


3 maio 2012


Dia Mundial da Liberdade de Imprensa
Operação Nacional “Um Dia com os Media”


Fórum O Futuro do Jornalismo - Académicos, jornalistas e cidadãos debatem no Porto uma carta de princípios, direitos e responsabilidades para o jornalismo do futuro


14h00: Abertura e apresentação do projeto

- Jorge Gonçalves, vice-reitor da U.Porto e diretor do C2COM

- Rui Centeno, diretor da Licenciatura e do Mestrado em Ciências da Comunicação da U.Porto
- Fernanda Ribeiro, presidente do Departamento de Jornalismo e Ciências da Comunicação da Faculdade de Letras da U.Porto
- Gustavo Cardoso e Susana Santos (organização nacional)
- Fernando Zamith (organização local)


14h30: Painel 1 - Em que medida o jornalismo é diferente de outras formas de comunicação?
- Gustavo Cardoso, presidente do Observatório da Comunicação
- Carlos Magno, presidente da Entidade Reguladora para a Comunicação Social


15h30: Painel 2 - Que princípios e valores essenciais devem ser preservados no "next journalism"?
- Helder Bastos, professor de jornalismo da U.Porto
- Alfredo Maia, jornalista do Jornal de Notícias e presidente do Sindicato dos Jornalistas


16h30: Coffee-break


16h45: Painel 3 - Como respeitar o princípio da verificação no "real time news cycle"?
- Ricardo Jorge Pinto, diretor adjunto de Informação da Lusa e professor de jornalismo da Universidade Fernando Pessoa
- Tiago Azevedo Fernandes, moderador do blogue A Baixa do Porto


17:45: Comentários finais
- Adelino Gomes (organização nacional), investigador do ISCTE – Instituto Universitário de Lisboa


18:00 Encerramento


• Cada orador disporá de 5/7 minutos, a que seguirão intervenções livres (2/3 minutos) da assistência e debate.
• A assistência poderá participar também por escrito, sugerindo até cinco princípios para o jornalismo do futuro e respondendo a um questionário que será distribuído à entrada.

Via Fernando Zamith
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The Play Ethic: The next journalism: a retro-futurist view from 1998

The Play Ethic: The next journalism: a retro-futurist view from 1998 | Principios e valores do Next Journalism |

There are roughly five current developments, both technological and cultural, that might well fuse into what we're going to call here "The Slate" - the portable digital document which, in 2028, will be the best way to read your morning Herald.


1. Hand-held phone-PC's, in an increasingly mobile society. 
Modern information workers will not be tied to any one office, will move flexibly between home and work spaces, will require ever more comprehensive means of communication to organise their complex, busy lives. So they will increasingly want to bring the network with them - something popped into their handbag, briefcase or satchel, as useful as a wallet or an umbrella. Whoever brings together the elements of the PC, the Internet, the mobile phone, and the newspaper/database into one object will have created the Model T Ford of digital culture.


2. New computing and display technologies, and the drive to ergonomics.
A cursory read of any of the scientific weekly magazines reveals a tremendous effort towards developing newer, more efficient, more durable kinds of computer display technology. And the forces that will drive these technologies to the marketplace will be that of ergonomics - the whole physical dimension of cyberspace. In a world where connections can easily be made between individuals far distant in space and time, it will seem more and more perverse that the world can only be surfed from a fixed point - that is, trapped before an office or domestic PC, frozen into the typists' perch for hours on end.


3. The Complete Globalization of Bandwidth.
Already, in gadgets like car guidance systems and the "Palm Pilot" beloved of Hollywood executives, the realities of global satellite positioning (or GPS) are feeding into the consumer market, away from the realms of espionage and other military applications. In the First World, certainly, this means that our social spaces will be filled by a thick web of perpetually updated, invisibly transmitted information - a data-environment for which personalised tools will undoubtedly be developed.


4. A Net Generation, Scaling Up Media Standards.
Twenty years from now, there will be a generation of 25-40 year olds who will simply presume that digital cultures - media surfing, Net searching and socialising, e-mail and mobile telephony - is part of the natural background of their lives. The media products grabbing their attention will be those which extend and enrich that generational experience of connectedness and digitality. 


5. The Need For Continuity and Tradition.

Nothing scares people about our expanding info-culture that the lurid post-human rhetoric which often accompanies it. We will all be cyborgs, say the seers - running around with glasses that flash up information, with brain implants that allow us to be effective telepaths. In this context, the prizes will go to those providers of products and services who provide reassurance and a sense of history: those who can make the new information era seem like (in McLuhan's words) an extension of man, rather than a replacement or modification of him.

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Nieman Reports | The Next Journalism’s Objective Reporting

Nieman Reports | The Next Journalism’s Objective Reporting | Principios e valores do Next Journalism |

Listen up, young journalists. Here’s some bad news from an old-timer: The economic basis for the detached, aloof-observer model of journalism that my generation built is crumbling fast.


The good news: You get to invent the next journalism.


The old system worked because print and broadcast journalism were naturally monopolistic. Broadcasting had a limited number of channels, and printing required expensive machines that broke easily. It wasn’t efficient to have more than a very limited number of them per market. That constraint produced a system geared to sending a few messages to lots of people.


Now, because of technology, the massiveness of the mass media is disappearing. We’re moving toward a system of many messages, each directed to a comparatively few people, and the new system is experimenting with different ways to do that. As markets will, it is trying the cheap ways first. Taking obvious facts and fitting them into a preconceived theory favored by the target segment is one way. It’s all the explanation we need for the success of right-wing talk radio.

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Five myths about the future of journalism - Washington Post

Five myths about the future of journalism - Washington Post | Principios e valores do Next Journalism |

As media organizations plot their future, it’s worth discarding some misconceptions about what it will take to keep the press from becoming yesterday’s news.


1. The traditional news media are losing their audience.

Many predicted that the rise of the Internet and online publishing meant that mainstream media organizations would lose their readers and viewers, with technology breaking their oligarchic control over news. But that’s not the overall picture. Yes, people are migrating online.But online news consumers are heading primarily to traditional sources. Of the 25 most popular news Web sites in the United States, for instance, all but two are “legacy” media sources, such as the New York Times or CNN, or aggregators of traditional media, such as Yahoo or Google News. Of the roughly 200 news sites with the highest traffic, 81 percent are traditional media or aggregators of it. And some old media are seeing their overall audience — in print and on the Web — grow. The crisis facing traditional media is about revenue, not audience.


2. Online news will be fine as soon as the advertising revenue catches up.

Such hopes are misplaced. In 2010, Web advertising in the United States surpassed print advertising for the first time, reaching $26 billion. But only a small fraction of that, perhaps less than a fifth, went to news organizations. The largest share, roughly half, went to search engines, primarily Google. The newspaper industry illustrates the problem. Even though about half the audience may now be accessing papers online, the newspaper industry took in $22.8 billion last year in print ad revenue but only $3 billion in Web-based revenue. Journalism thrived in decades past because news media were the primary means by which industry reached customers. In the new media landscape, there are many ways to reach the audience, and news represents only a small share.


3. Content will always be king.

The syllogism that helped journalism prosper in the 20th century was simple: Produce the journalism (or “content”) that people want, and you will succeed. But that may no longer be enough. The key to media in the 21st century may be who has the most knowledge of audience behavior, not who produces the most popular content. Understanding what sites people visit, what content they view, what products they buy and even their geographic coordinates will allow advertisers to better target individual consumers. And more of that knowledge will reside with technology companies than with content producers.


4. Newspapers around the world are on the decline.

Actually, print circulation worldwide was up more than 5 percent in the past five years, and the number of newspapers is growing. In general, print media are thriving in the developing world and suffering in rich nations. The forces tied to a thriving print newspaper industry include growing literacy, expanding population, economic development and low broadband penetration.


5. The solution is to focus on local news.

Going “hyperlocal” was the war cry of Wall Street to the news industry five years ago. The reasoning was simple: In the Internet age, when users can access content from anywhere, it didn’t make sense for local operations to compete with the big national news providers. The problem is that hyperlocal content, by definition, has limited appeal. To amass an audience large enough to generate significant ad revenue, you have to produce a large volume of content from different places, and that is expensive. On top of that, many hyperlocal advertisers are not yet online, limiting the ad dollars.

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Next Generation Journalism

This special edition of Columbus On The Record takes a break from the weekly news grind to focus on the issues facing the next generation of community/political journalists and activists.


Special Guests:

Dan McKeever and Tom O'Hara, The Lantern (student paper)
Ben Ferree, Capital Unversity's The Chimes

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Visible not critical: What next journalism? |

Visible not critical: What next journalism? | | Principios e valores do Next Journalism |

I read a few interesting posts over the last few days. The first was I’m Glad We Didn’t Have Facebook or Twitter on 9/11.


"That’s the real problem with attempting to make sense of 9/11 using social media: The former requires deep thought while the latter feeds on immediacy. Ten years and millions of articles after 9/11, we’re still trying to come to terms with what happened that day. We’re still sifting through the debris and our collective emotions in order to find whatever it is we lost, or to explain why things are the way they are now. I have a hard time believing 9/11 tweets or Facebook updates would have changed any of that for the better. And by now they’d be forgotten anyway, buried under 10 years of more shouting into the abyss."


The second was (a trail for) a piece in the press gazette by the Guardians Paul Lewis on the way the riots have proved the need for paid journalists


“Some people argued the digital era would see paid journalists replaced by an army of citizen reporters,” he said.


“The riots proved otherwise: people might consume news differently, but they still want it told straight, and by reporters on the ground.”


I found myself agreeing with both posts but was a little uncomfortable about that.

The 9/11 post made so much sense given the recent experience of the coverage of the riots on twitter. Not that I am, for one moment, equating the events. No, its more the position that the rumour and hearsay where dangerous, pervasive and perhaps even a distraction from more important stuff.


Perhaps Lewis’ point about the need for journalists in that is even more valid but that in itself makes me feel uncomfortable.


What next, Journalism?


I suppose I can sum up my discomfort in terms of a question. “Ok journalism,. What are you going to do next?”


If you are that important and social media needs your influence and control what are you going to do to keep your place at the table? Do we have to wait for another riot or MP’s expenses or wikipedia to prove that you are doing journalism? All great work but not a huge hit rate given the number of you out there.


Visible not critical


Of course the truth is that there are loads of journo’s doing loads of great things at every level. Really good journalism. But we don’t hear about them. At least we don’t hear about them because we are often too busy telling people why all the other stuff is not as good.


So maybe I feel uncomfortable because, whilst twitter would have had a roll to play the rumour and lack of facts would have been a nightmare. But maybe it would have been a necessary evil. Maybe it would have had to be there to fill a gap.


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The Future of Journalism - Papers from a conference organised by the BBC College of Journalism

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Future of Journalism: How can online video be different from TV? - The Guardian

Future of Journalism: How can online video be different from TV? - The Guardian | Principios e valores do Next Journalism |
Suranga Chandratillake, Tom Happold, Anthony Lilley and Maggie O’Kane discuss how internet video can be different from television, in a debate moderated by Jonathan Freedland...
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Fifty years in Media: Changes in Journalism

Sydney Schanberg, an american journalist, on the principles of good journalism:


"If we don't want to be lap dogs or be regarded as just a pickup band of nomadic storytellers then we're going to have to stand up and fight for the profession," says Sydney Schanberg.

While the ways by which one recieves news are going through rapid, according to Mr. Schanberg, the principles and requirements of good journalism have remained the same. "Good journalism requires professionalism and a commitment to pursue the story to its conclusion," argues Mr. Schanberg.


Mr. Schanberg explains that the changes in technology have shifted the way journalists do their work. Mr. Schanberg contends that technological improvements "have made the typewriter a museum piece" and that laptops, personal computers, and vast digital libraries serve as resources and "devices to help journalists, not the journalism itself."


He emphasizes that journalists cannot simply ignore quality in order to beat competitors; instead, journalists must "stop being passive" and adhere to the principles of good journalism. "Being able to send your news story from...Kansas City in the flutter of an eyelid is a good thing, but it's meaningless if what you're sending isn't thorough, isn't complete, if it's something that's been rushed together because everything else in global communication seems to be traveling faster than the speed of light," says Mr. Schanberg.

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