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Les nouveaux programmes de la Marine indienne en dépassement budgétaire,dont le porte-avions INS Vikrant en construction

Les nouveaux programmes de la Marine indienne en dépassement budgétaire,dont le porte-avions INS Vikrant en construction | Newsletter navale | Scoop.it

New Delhi India's new aircraft carrier, INS Vikrant (named after India's first carrier), has bust its budget by 600 per cent. It will now cost a whopping nearly Rs. 19,000 crore instead of the original estimate of about Rs. 3,000 crore.
The warship, India's first home-built aircraft carrier, is presently being fitted out in Kochi and will be the Navy's flagship once it enters service in a few years.

According to the Standing Committee's report, three major indigenous warship programmes are collectively a whopping Rs. 29,000 crore over budget.
The three destroyers of the Project 15 class, the first of which, INS Kolkata, has just been commissioned, are about Rs. 8,000 crore over-budget. Similarly, corvettes of the Project 28 class, which are being constructed at Garden Reach in Kolkata, will cost about Rs. 8,000 crore instead of Rs. 3,000 crore.
There are several reasons why these cost and time over-runs are taking place. According to the parliamentary committee's report, construction costs for the Kolkata Class destroyers went up because Mazgaon Docks, Mumbai, where the ships were meant to be built, was already constructing other ships. With a delay in the construction of the ships, the cost of materials went up and there was also a delay in the supply of warship-grade steel from Russia along with higher labour costs. Further, the identification and assessment of the costs of weapons and sensors was also delayed and the revised estimated was well over-budget.
Similarly, in the case of the Project 28 corvettes, there was a delay in producing indigenous warship-grade steel, the development of which became a priority because of the massive costs associated with importing this grade of steel from traditional exporters such as Russia. The new, indigenous replacement, developed by the Steel Authority of India was complex to handle and required new techniques in welding. With a further delay in conducting trials of various systems from competing firms, the overall project costs escalated because of an increase in development costs and the decision to use new, state-of-the-art systems.
Construction of the new aircraft carrier Vikrant also suffered because of the non-availability of warship -grade steel.  Also, new technologies in constructing aircraft carriers had to be mastered.  According to the Standing Committee Report, there was "inadequate domain knowledge" in carrier construction along with the emergence of new technological advances and new generation equipment which needed to be factored in.  Most importantly, the report identifies that the government's sanction for the complex project in 2002 came "at a time when the form & fit (of) the warship was still emerging."
The Standing Committee Report points to glaring lapses in the pace of indigenous warship construction particularly at a time when the Chinese Navy is growing at a very fast pace by inducting an entirely new generation of destroyers, corvettes and frigates. To match this, the Indian Navy needs to desperately induct new warships at a faster pace. In 2012, the government's Defence Acquisition Committee had approved 198 ships and submarines for the Indian Navy. The present force level is 127 ships and 15 submarines.

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La Marine indienne demande au nouveau gouvernement BJP de financer la prochaine phase de construction du porte-avions IAC

La Marine indienne demande au nouveau gouvernement BJP de financer la prochaine phase de construction du porte-avions IAC | Newsletter navale | Scoop.it

The Indian Navy (IN) is seeking INR160 billion (USD2.66 billion) over the next 2-3 years from the newly-elected Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) government to resume construction of the Project 71 indigenous aircraft carrier (IAC).

Official sources told IHS Jane's that the Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS), headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, is expected to imminently clear a "significant portion" of the IN's financial demand to revive work on Phases II and III of the 40,000-tonne IAC at the Cochin Shipyard Limited (CSL) yard at Kochi in southern India.

The carrier was launched and named Vikrant in August 2013, with senior Naval Design Bureau (NDB) sources saying that 75% of the carrier's structure was complete. However, work on the carrier has virtually come to a standstill in recent months due to a resource crunch. This includes modular construction work and the installation of radar, sensors, and weapon systems.

Senior officials said the new CCS would require clearances from the Indian Ministry of Defence (MoD) and the federal Finance Ministry to approve the funds. The CCS of the outgoing Congress Party-led federal coalition had secured both of these approvals earlier in 2014 but failed to implement them - resulting in the near-suspension of work.

IN officials also warned that further delays in sanctioning additional funding for the IAC could delay its commissioning beyond its already extended 2017-18 deadline.

Three quarters of the basic structure of the IAC has been completed at an estimated cost of INR35-40 billion. The carrier is eventually expected to cost between INR240-250 billion.

IN Chief of Staff Admiral D K Joshi told IHS Jane's in January 2013 that work on the IAC had been delayed due to financial and technological hurdles, and a traffic accident involving the truck transporting the carrier's generators.

India currently operates INS Vikramaditya (ex- Admiral Gorshkov ), a modified Kiev-class 44,750-tonne carrier that entered service in January, and INS Viraat (ex-HMS Hermes ), a 54-year-old 28,000-tonne Centaur-class platform that has locally undergone multiple refits.

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L'Inde espère mettre en service son 1er porte-avions conçu et construit nationalement en 2019

L'Inde espère mettre en service son 1er porte-avions conçu et construit nationalement en 2019 | Newsletter navale | Scoop.it

Mumbai : Indian Navy’s first indigenous Vikrant-class aircraft carrier being built at the Cochin Shipyard Limited will be commissioned by 2019; and the plans to build a second one will be initiated soon, announced Vice Admiral Anil Chopra, the Commander-in-Chief of the Western Naval Command, at a press conference held on-board the INS Vikramaditya on Wednesday.

Vice Admiral Chopra discussed several important matters pertaining to the Indian Navy at its annual interaction with the media held at the massive aircraft carrier. He also hinted at the decommissioning of the over 50-year-old aircraft carrier INS Viraat. “We are in the process of appointing a technical board which will review INS Viraat’s viability,” he said.

At any given time, India needs to have at least two aircraft carriers in service. When INS Viraat gets decommissioned, it will become all the more important for the Navy to get another one.

- See more at: http://freepressjournal.in/indias-first-vikrant-class-aircraft-carrier-to-be-commissioned-by-2019/#sthash.UhuM8B5b.dpuf
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