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Un think tank américain souligne le rôle vital de Gibraltar pour les opérations des sous-marins nucléaires de l'US Navy

Un think tank américain souligne le rôle vital de Gibraltar pour les opérations des sous-marins nucléaires de l'US Navy | Newsletter navale | Scoop.it

Gibraltar plays a ‘vital’ role for the US Navy’s submarine operations at a time of increased Russian naval activity, a US think tank said. The Heritage Foundation made the statement in its Index of US Military Strength 2015, a wide-ranging annual research project that assesses the ability of the United States Armed Forces.

The document notes that the US Navy keeps a number of submarines in the European region and that these contribute to the intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance capacities of EURCOM, the US military’s Germany-based European Command.
Some of these submarines ‘frequently’ dock at the Z Berth in the naval base at Gibraltar, the Heritage Foundation said. “The US cannot dock nuclear powered submarines in Spain making access to Gibraltar’s Z berths vital,” the report added.
“Gibraltar is the best place in the Mediterranean to carry out repair work.” “Strong US–UK military cooperation assists the US in keeping submarine assets integrated into the European theatre.”
The Heritage Foundation cites retired US Navy Admiral James Stavridis, who in 2012 highlighted the importance of the US Navy’s European submarine operations against the backdrop of increased Russian naval activity. Since then, Russian ships have remained active in the Mediterranean and regularly sail through the Strait of Gibraltar, including calls at Ceuta for fuel.
“These [US submarine] capabilities are increasingly important as the Russian Federation Navy increases the pace, scope and sophistication of its submarine fleet,” Admiral Stavridis said.
The US Navy also has a fleet of P-3 Maritime Patrol Aircraft and EP-3 Reconnaissance Aircraft operating from US bases in Italy, Greece, Spain and Turkey. These aircraft complement the intelligence-gathering capabilities of US submarines.
In its regional assessment of the European operating environment, the Heritage Foundation also notes the strategic importance of the Strait of Gibraltar. At 40 miles long and 8 miles wide at its narrowest point, the strait is one of the world’s most important maritime choke points.
“More than 200 cargo vessels pass through the Strait of Gibraltar every day carrying cargoes between Asia, Europe, Africa, and the Americas,” the report notes.
“Its proximity to North Africa, combined with the narrowness of the strait, has presented security challenges for US and allied warships.”
The report notes the importance of the US military’s presence in southern Europe, particularly at a time of mounting instability across much of North Africa.
It highlights the role of US naval bases in Europe including the Naval Air Station in Sigonella, Italy; the Naval Support Activity Base in Souda Bay, Greece; and the Naval Station at Rota, Spain.
Naval Station Rota will be home to four destroyers equipped with the Aegis ballistic missile air defense system. In addition, the USS Mount Whitney, a Blue Ridge-class command ship, is permanently based in the region. This ship provides a key command-and-control platform, which was successfully employed during the early days of the recent Libyan operation.

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La Marine péruvienne commande un nouveau navire polaire de recherches océanographiques à un chantier espagnol

La Marine péruvienne commande un nouveau navire polaire de recherches océanographiques à un chantier espagnol | Newsletter navale | Scoop.it

Key Points

  • Peru signs a contract with Spanish shipyard Construcciones Navales P. Freire S.A. to build a new polar research vessel
  • Keel laying is expected in 2015, with the final trials phase for the new vessel scheduled to begin in December 2017

The Peruvian Navy (Marina de Guerra del Peru, or MGP) has signed a contract with Spanish shipyard Construcciones Navales P. Freire S.A. for the build of its new polar oceanographic research vessel (Buque Oceanografico Polar, or BOP).

IHS Jane's reported on 9 December that the contract was due for completion before the end of the month. The acquisition was confirmed on 12 December, with the signing in Lima of a EUR79.2 million (USD97.3 million) contract.

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Indra va moderniser les systèmes de guerre électronique de la Marine espagnole avec un contrat de 1,7 million d'euros

Indra va moderniser les systèmes de guerre électronique de la Marine espagnole avec un contrat de 1,7 million d'euros | Newsletter navale | Scoop.it

(Infodefensa.com) Madrid - Indra Systems has been awarded a contract from the Directorate General of Ordnance to carry out the design, development, installation and testing of a series of upgrades and new features HW and SW in warfare systems Navy electronics. The contract is 1.74 million.

The contracting authority has been the General Procurement Branch Ordnance of the DGAM, which awarded the contract negotiated without publicity and ordinary processing procedure.

The period of performance of the services starts next December 16th and ends on October 31, 2016.

The minutes of award of the contract is fixed expenditure committed for 2014 will be 110,000 euros, while for the years 2015 and 2016 an expense of 820,000 and 810,000 euros respectively undertakes.

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Le Gouvernement espagnol a autorisé un financement supplémentaire de 759 millions d'euros pour terminer le programme de sous-marins S-80

Le Gouvernement espagnol a autorisé un financement supplémentaire de 759 millions d'euros pour terminer le programme de sous-marins S-80 | Newsletter navale | Scoop.it

11/2/2014

(Infodefensa.com) Madrid - The Government of Mariano Rajoy has authorized an increase of 759 million euros for the construction of the four units of class submarines S-80 holding public company Navantia for the Spanish Navy and whose first unit is expected in 2018.

The new 759 million euros will be provided by the Ministry of Industry, currently held by José Manuel Soria over the next four years and, by all repayments are rescheduled to be returned with monies from the Ministry Of Defence in 2019-2030 period.

The decision of the Council of Ministers is produced at the request of Defense Minister Pedro Morenés and subscription is like the fourth addendum to the agreement signed in 2003 between the Ministry of Science and Technology and the predecessor of Navantia, Naval Construction Izar .

Under the agreement, in the next four years Navantia will receive 750 million euros in the following annuities: Year 2014, 192.8 million; 2015 204 800 000; 2016, 150 million; 2017 135 300 000 2018, 76.1 million.


Returning to 2030

Also, the schedule back by Navantia to Treasury of funding committed by the Ministry of Industry for the program S-80 in the period 2013-2018 has been modified annuities can be grouped into three main types of deadlines.

Between 2019 and 2023 have similar annuities 240 million; between 2024 and 2026 similar annuities 190 million, while in the third, annuities have different amounts: 2027, 150 million; 2028, 110 million; 2029, 100 million and finally, in 2030, 4.9 million.

The authorization modifies the current funding commitment of the Ministry of Industry to adapt to new requirements due to shortcomings in the design of the submarine, which overweight in the stack that gives oxygen to the ship would prevent return to the surface once submerged.


Monies refunded without interest

This program, as reference, is part of the cooperation agreement signed between the m inistries of Industry and Defence in 1996 by the former undertook to finance certain qualified industrial technological projects related to defense programs.
The project consists of Financing, by Industry, in the form of repayable advances without interest, Navantia for the development of submarine S-80 .

The 2003 agreement provides that in the event that a new program planning affects annuities approved, would be necessary to sign an addendum which would require the prior approval of the Cabinet .
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Navantia a terminé les études de faisabilité des futures frégates espagnoles F-110 et commence les études de définition

Navantia a terminé les études de faisabilité des futures frégates espagnoles F-110 et commence les études de définition | Newsletter navale | Scoop.it

10/29/2014

(Infodefensa.com) NF, Paris - The public company Navantia has completed the feasibility phase of the project for future frigate F-110 and is about to commence the definition phase, which will last this year and throughout 2015.

The announcement Francisco Vilchez, deputy director of Naval Software Company, during his presentation of the program at the international fair Euronaval 2014 , held in Paris-Le Bourget from 27 to 31 October.

Vilchez stressed that the company has worked closely with the Spanish Armada in defining requirements. He explained that to meet these requirements, shipyards defined in the feasibility phase three alternatives: one covering only the essential requirements, another covering the essential requirements and more desirable, and a much more ambitious third.

"Of the three, the Navy has said that best fits your goals and shift costs is the second alternative," stated a Infodefensa.com the manager, who added that the decisions have now passed the General Ordnance, you have to see if the project meets your expectations.

Maximize participation of domestic industry

Vilchez has affected both Navantia and the Navy will "maximize the participation of Spanish industry" in the program, and has revealed that there are a number of R & D initiatives promoted by the Spanish Ministry of Defense and are being developed by domestic companies to get the F-110 integrates the most innovative systems.

In the words of the manager, it is the future frigate "not only replace the frigates of the Santa Maria class but that is configured as a ship fully equipped to deal with new threats and undertake new missions."

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Navantia déclare avoir corrigé les problèmes de poids du projet de sous-marin S-80 et espère la reprise de la construction

Navantia déclare avoir corrigé les problèmes de poids du projet de sous-marin S-80 et espère la reprise de la construction | Newsletter navale | Scoop.it

24/09/2014

(Infodefensa.com) Madrid - The state company Navantia has already solved the problems of excess weight detected in the proposed submarine S-80 . This has been assured the President of Murcia, Alberto Garre , after a visit to the shipyard of Cartagena, where he learned firsthand the progress of work of these submarines and large fairing Tramontana .

Navantia expects to receive approval from the Ministry of Defence to the corrections on the plans. Is expected to be approved during the month of October, when the construction work will resume. Meanwhile, in the shipyards are making the pressure hull sections that will have to incorporate the four submarines to increase their length and balance the weight.

On the great hull of S-74 Tramontana , Garre said going well. Work on the modernization of the submarine will cost 42.9 million euros and will provide employment to 300 workers for two years.

Accompanied by the company president, Jose Manuel Revuelta , and director of the shipyard, José Manuel Sanjurjo , President of Murcia toured various workshops and facilities where the S-80 was built and where the large fairing is performed S-74. He also met with members of the committee, to whom he showed his full support, because the workload is ensured for the coming years.

Patrick H. 's insight:

Un peu d'historique sur la vie mouvementée de ce projet espagnol :

http://www.scoop.it/t/newsletter-navale/p/4014467369/2014/01/20/sous-marin-espagnol-s-80-trop-lourd-nouveau-retard-de-livraison-le-portail-des-sous-marins


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La Marine du Guatemala va acquérir 2 patrouilleurs probablement construits en Espagne grâce à un prêt auprès de la Banco Santander

La Marine du Guatemala va acquérir 2 patrouilleurs probablement construits en Espagne grâce à un prêt auprès de la Banco Santander | Newsletter navale | Scoop.it

08/18/2014

(Infodefensa.com) A. Lopez, San Salvador - The Navy Guatemala acquire two patrol ships, which would be managed for a loan with Banco Santander of Spain for a total investment of 30 million dollars.

This was confirmed by the Minister of Defense of Guatemala, Major General Manuel López Ambrosio , who did not specify the type of model boats that would be processed acquire, although the origin of the bank that could make the loan good could come from a Spanish shipyard.

Although only 30 billion market for new patrol coming direct shipyard is reduced or, rather, suggests that computers could be used, given the high prices per ton of displacement that are used in the marine market new naval and Central budgets are not as substantial acquisitions to face tens of millions of dollars.

Except for the case of Honduras faced a multimillion dollar contract with the Dutch builder Damen , a strange figure of 18 and lease-purchase once elapsed, two patrol boats intercepting six for $ 62 million, more than double the loan you are looking for Guatemala.


Financing

According to Lopez, the Guatemalan Congress should also give their endorsement for credit and purchase of ships, just as was the case of the loan of 169 million dollars for the purchase of a fleet of Brazilian aircraft and four radars to Spanish Indra , of which the acquisition of the aircraft was stopped and only continued with the purchase of radar, for $ 36 million, the first device will be in operation from September 1.

For example, in the case of these Spanish radar, the Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria ( BBVA ) of Spain granted the funds.


Guatemalan Fleet

Guatemala has no patrol ships in its fleet or much less oceanic patrol as its neighbor Mexico ; at most, only has a few speedboats and patrol guard, like a pair purchased in the seventies the American shipyard Sewart Seacraft , the Utatlán (GC851) built in New Orleans in 1967, 60 tons displacement and 85 feet in length or longer; addition Saravia (GC852), also in New Orleans armed but in 1972 already under Swiftships Inc ., of equal weight and length of travel that Utatlán .

We must also add six patrol class Cutlas , 34 tons displacement, built by Halter Marine  shipyard in its New Orleans and delivered between 1971 and 1981, of which several are preserved including operating Tecunuman (CG-651 ) and Tzacol (CG-654), which last May made an official visit the Colombian island of San Andres in the Caribbean .  

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La Marine espagnole "optimiste" pour l'énorme travail de reconception du futur sous-marin S-80

La Marine espagnole "optimiste" pour l'énorme travail de reconception du futur sous-marin S-80 | Newsletter navale | Scoop.it

07/17/2014

(Infodefensa.com) Madrid - The Navy recognizes that the new design of the S-80 submarine is demanding a "tremendous job" but is optimistic about the results.

This was said Wednesday Arsenal boss Cartagena, Admiral Fernando Zumalacárregui during the celebrations of the Virgen del Carmen, patron saint of sailors. When discussing the current situation of the Navy, Admiral stated that "the reality is optimistic," recorded by the newspaper La Verdad .

"The S-80 is in a process of redesign, and work is at cruising speed and fine, with support from Electric Boa t "he explained. "So far the results are as expected. We have made the first design review and we are following the normal process of the program. It requires a tremendous job, but we are also optimistic. There will be difficulties, but I think it will be solved perfectly, "said Zumalacárregui.

For the vast hull of S-74 Tramontana , the admiral said the repair is underway in Navantia and in September, probably "on all cylinders" will be to try to finish ASAP.

Asked by The Truth , Zumalacárregui also explained that the layout plan goes ahead a year ago by the Ministry of Defense to transport facilities and other disused close in order to save. In Cartagena, the measure will affect the factory keeps the Avenida Reina Victoria, stores that exist in the ancient tunnels of the submarine Espalmador and magnetic calibration station Trincabotijas near Cala Cortina.

"That plan requires investment," said the admiral. "For example, we have the idea of bringing the factory keeps Arsenal or The Naval Station Algameca because we now have fewer needs; There is a centralized contract provisions and no longer need a factory of that size, just need a little support to specific circumstances, "said the high command.

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De la technologie de la firme espagnole Indra sera implantée sur les nouveaux sous-marins sud-coréens

De la technologie de la firme espagnole Indra sera implantée sur les nouveaux sous-marins sud-coréens | Newsletter navale | Scoop.it

Indra will equip two new submarines of the Republic of Korea Navy (ROKN) with its electronic defense system PEGASO.

These submarines are part of the third phase of the submarine acquisition program started by the ROKN in the 90’s. New submarines will be designed and developed in South Korea and will incorporate significant improvements.

This solution will allow the submarines to detect and analyze the radar signals in the mission environment and to identify the type radar and the associated threat level, becoming an essential contribution to the protection of the platform.

PEGASO is a latest generation RESM system (Radar Electronic Support Measurement) based on wideband digital reception technology. This type of signal processing guarantees a high sensitivity and detection range even in dense electromagnetic scenarios, combined with excellent reaction time and accuracy.

PEGASO technology will give the new boats of the ROKN an important operational advantage in threats identification. Same technology has already been selected by the Navies of Spain, Germany, Italy or Indonesia for their submarines.

With this project Indra closes a very important deal in Korea as technological supplier of naval solutions. At the same time Indra reinforces its commercial position in the Asia-Pacific region where the company has permanent presence with centers in China, India, Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia and Australia.

Indra

Indra, chaired by Javier Monzón, is Spain's number 1 consulting and technology multinational and one of the main multinationals in Europe and Latin America. Innovation and sustainability are the cornerstone of its business, having assigned over €570 million to R&D&I in the last three years, a figure that places it among the top European companies in its sector in terms of investment. With approximate sales of €3,000 M, 61% of its sales revenue is from the international market. It has 42,000 employees and customers in over 138 countries.

 

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Le gouvernement espagnol autorise 376 millions d'euros pour la construction de 2 BAM et la refonte du sous-marin Tramontana

Le gouvernement espagnol autorise 376 millions d'euros pour la construction de 2 BAM et la refonte du sous-marin Tramontana | Newsletter navale | Scoop.it

(Infodefensa.com) Madrid - The Council of Ministers has given the green light to two agreements through which the ministries of Defense and Industry will invest a total of 376 million euros in the construction of two new Maritime Action Ship (BAM ) and in the embodiment of the hull of the submarine large Tramontana S-72 .

The two agreements, which will directly benefit the Navy involve workload for Andalusian and Galician shipyards of the state company Navantia and ensure work for at least six years.

In the press conference after the Council of Ministers , the Deputy Prime Minister Soraya Saenz de Santamaria , said that they have articulated two specific agreements to allow these contracts, the first major receiving Armada Spanish since 2006, when the crisis began economical.


BAM 333 million

On the one hand, explained that they have amended certain limits so that they can acquire spending commitments from other exercises. This enables the Ministry of Industry to sign a cooperation agreement with Navantia to develop the program of Maritime Action Ship or BAM, to be made in the shipyards of San Fernando (Cádiz) and Ferrol (La Coruña).

This program has a budget of 333 million in six years.

This recruitment, stressed the vice president, is a major burden for Navantia and job creation that will extend the auxiliary industry.


42.9 million for the Tramontana

Moreover, the government approved another agreement that allows the Defense Ministry to carry out the great hull of the submarine Tramontana (S-74), another demand that had the Armada to the delays the program S-80.

Saenz de Santamaria said that the agreement reached 42.9 million in four annual installments and will allow the Navy to maintain two operating units, to extend the operational life of the Tramontana until at least 2019.

According to business forecasts, the great hull involve about half a million working hours (18 months) that primarily benefit the shipyards Navantia has in Cartagena . Initially, it was estimated that this would cost review of submersible about 30 million euros.

The S-74 was immobilized for a while now, so the Navy has only two operational submarines: the Galerna S-71 and S-73 Mistral . The first complete its operational life in 2016, so that from that date, only continue in service Mistral .

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Espagne : le MinDef rappelle le besoin pour sa Marine de disposer de nouveaux navires type BAM

Espagne : le MinDef rappelle le besoin pour sa Marine de disposer de nouveaux navires type BAM | Newsletter navale | Scoop.it

02/05/2014

(Infodefensa.com) Madrid - "The Ministry of Defence has spent years asking that their allocation of patrol vessels to expand and at this moment of Finance recognizes that economic conditions in Spain are becoming something less serious, contemplating to occur the recruitment of new vessels, "said the Secretary of State for Defence ( SEDEF ), Pedro Argüelles , when asked about the announcement made by the Minister of Hacienda , Cristóbal Montoro , that the Government will commission a ship to Navantia . "We welcome this as good news because it is an operational demand Armada Spanish, "he added.

Thus, the option gains the whole BAM (seagoing action, conceived mainly as patrol boat) as an object of possible request.

Argüelles was speaking at Malaga , where he inaugurated on Tuesday the Plenary Session of the Sixteenth Meeting of Presidents of the Club Malaga Valley , which has focused this time on Defence, Security and Technology .

Number two Ministry also stressed the need for Navantia aspire to not have "a single client," referring to Defense, but "we have to make to be competitive and to maintain so far as relevant participation in international markets" , as quoted by Europa Press .

In this context, he added, "we need to keep up their technology and production efficiency and design new ship capacity." For this purpose the finance minister, Cristobal Montoro, announced on 19 February that the Government will appoint a new military Navantia ship awaiting new orders .

Since then it has been speculated with various options, met this announcement that Industry sources have indicated that there was no concrete plan before the words of Montoro. In mid-April it emerged that the Treasury ran a total amount of between 300 million and 350 million euros for an order that could be either a new amphibious helicopter carriers ( LHD ), as Juan Carlos I , or two new BAM .

Besides the possible commercialization of the new order in the foreign market arises and that, not only achieve this goal would join the fleet of the Spanish Armada.

Argüelles recalled Tuesday that his department "Navantia is part of the industrial sectors considered strategic defense" and that the "capacity of shipyards in technology and capacity competitiveness are essential for the Ministry of Defense."

To take forward the request again possible, the Ministry of Finance provides the necessary appropriations to enable and Industry, through its budget and Chapter VIII, would make possible the realization of this initiative.

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Espagne : le gouvernement envisagerait la construction d'un nouveau LHD type Juan Carlos I ou de 2 BAM

Espagne : le gouvernement envisagerait la construction d'un nouveau LHD type Juan Carlos I ou de 2 BAM | Newsletter navale | Scoop.it

17/04/2014

(Infodefensa.com) Madrid - The government is considering whether to instruct a new amphibious helicopter carrier Navantia ( LHD ), as Juan Carlos I , or two Maritime Action Ship ( BAM ) for a total amount of 300 million to 350 million euros . These options are specific plans developed by the Minister of Finance , Cristobal Montoro , in an appearance in Congress last February.

So says elEconomista on information on citing "reliable sources in the Ministry of Finance , "and added that the necessary funding would be made through the Ministry of Industry .

The Ministry of Defense consulted Infodefensa.com not want the moment to comment on this issue, which neither confirms nor denies. Industry sources noted at the time that even the promise of Montoro did not respond to any particular plan were already in place before their statements.

Finally ordered a new LHD, Spain would have two units of the largest military vessel in the history of the Navy , a goal that self AJEMA ( Chief of Navy ) includes in its estimates for the 2020-2025 period. In that case, it would be more difficult is to obtain a substitute for carrier planes Harrier , which at that time no longer expected to be operational and will be difficult to replace the only option: F35B , short version of vertical takeoff and landing program multinational Joint Strike Fighter which is not part of Spain.


The outdoor sale first choice


If the chosen option is the construction of two new BAM, then resume partially deferred construction of a second phase of these ships (the Navy already has four units in the first phase), which included the construction of five ships total .

For your information, the business daily said that option would be shuffling the new order they were first to market in the international market, which not only met this goal would join the fleet of the Spanish Armada.

Patrick H. 's insight:

Analyse de Valerie I. sur la page "Defense" :


L'Espagne hésite entre commander un nouveau porte-hélicoptères amphibie similaire au Juan Carlos I, ou deux navires de classe BAM.

En acquérant le premier, la Marine espagnole aurait deux des navires les plus grands de son histoire, objectif que le Chef dÉtat Major de la Marine prévoit d'accomplir pour la période 2020-2025.

La difficulté se trouverait dans le remplacement des Harriers qui ne fonctionneront plus à cette époque là. À présent, la seule option existante est celle des F-35B (décollage court et atterissage vertical), du programme Joint Strike Fighterdel dont l'Espagne ne fait pas partie.

En optant pour les BAM, la Marine reprendrait la deuxième phase de construction prévue pour cette classe de navires (aujourd'hui il y en a 4 des 5 initialement prévus).

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Valerie I.'s curator insight, April 17, 2014 8:59 AM

L'Espagne hésite entre commander un nouveau porte-hélicoptères amphibie similaire au Juan Carlos I, ou deux navires de classe BAM.

En acquérant le premier, la Marine espagnole aurait deux des navires les plus grands de son histoire, objectif que le Chef dÉtat Major de la Marine prévoit d'accomplir pour la période 2020-2025.

La difficulté se trouverait dans le remplacement des Harriers qui ne fonctionneront plus à cette époque là. À présent, la seule option existante est celle des F-35B (décollage court et atterissage vertical), du programme Joint Strike Fighterdel dont l'Espagne ne fait pas partie.

En optant pour les BAM, la Marine reprendrait la deuxième phase de construction prévue pour cette classe de navires (aujourd'hui il y en a 4 des 5 initialement prévus).

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Navantia signe un accord avec l'industriel Synergy Group avec l'objectif de contrats pour la Marine brésilienne

Navantia signe un accord avec l'industriel  Synergy Group avec l'objectif de contrats pour la Marine brésilienne | Newsletter navale | Scoop.it

Infodefensa.com) Madrid - Navantia prepares to land in Brazil through the front door. The Spanish shipbuilder has signed a memorandum of understanding ( MoU ) with Synergy Group , a military shipyard in the country, to create a strategic defense company ( EED ) with which to supply the Brazilian Navy . Certificate of EED , created last year, involves, among others, tax benefits and better access to the Brazilian military programs.

The new company, called Construções Navais of Defesa do Brasil , Navantia promote products in the South American country to become a supplier of reference Marinha do Brasil explained from the Spanish firm.

In it, they add, "the tech Navantia in military shipbuilding, with manufacturing capacity of Synergy Group" will be combined.

A large naval contracts by

The agreement was signed in Madrid by the president of Synergy Group, Germán Eframovich and President of Navantia, Jose Manuel Revuelta . With this agreement, Navantia consolidates its presence in Brazil and strengthens its commercial options to get the great naval engagements, since the technology partner is the only Brazilian shipyard is currently building boats for Marinha Brazil.

Patrick H. 's insight:

Il s'agit, pour Navantia, de se placer en position favorable dans la perspective du grand programme de construction navale brésilien PROSUPER :

"Navantia is hoping to beat off perhaps as many as six rivals to win a design order for up to 11 ships - including five 6,000 tonne frigates, five 1,800 tonne OPV patrol boats and a logistics support ship."

http://www.janes.com/article/36536/navantia-inks-naval-agreement-with-brazil-s-synergy-group


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La marine espagnole inquiète face au “fiasco” du sous-marin S-80 (Le portail des sous-marins)

La marine espagnole inquiète face au “fiasco” du sous-marin S-80 (Le portail des sous-marins) | Newsletter navale | Scoop.it


Traduction : Le portail des sous-marins

http://www.corlobe.tk/spip.php?article37245

Un profond pessimisme s’est installé au sein de la marine espagnole à propos du projet de sous-marins S-80. Le programme ambitieux visait à doter la marine espagnole de sous-marins de dernière génération. Hélas, il a connu de nombreux revers, faisant apparaitre des doutes parmi les responsables à propos de son avenir. Au ce jour, certains estiment même que le programme devrait être repris depuis le début. Et, en attendant, de recourir à des sous-marins d’occasion.

Incertitude. C’est le terme que les commandants de la marine espagnole utilisent pour définir la situation dans laquelle se retrouve le futur de la force sous-marine espagnole. Les sous-marins de la classe Agosta vivent leurs dernières années, et les retards qu’a connu le programme S-80 menacent de laisser l’Espagne sans sous-marins.

Les responsables de la marine espagnole ont exprimé leurs craintes pour l’avenir, à l’horizon de la fin de la décennie, au cours de plusieurs réunions informelles qui se sont tenues au cours des derniers mois.

Lors de ces réunions, ils ont mis sur la table les retards continuels que connait le programme, depuis les célèbres erreurs commises lors de la phase de définition, qui ont entrainé un sur-poids, obligeant à allonger de 7 m les sous-marins, jusqu’aux problèmes rencontrés avec le système de propulsion anaérobie.

« Le projet est radicalement différent, de la façon dont il a été conçu à la celle dont il sera livré. Que ce soit au niveau des capacités techniques, des innovations ou du prix prévu, » assurent des sources militaires.

 Les problèmes du système de propulsion anaérobie

Le système de propulsion anaérobie qui équipera les sous-marins S-80 « sera beaucoup moins ambitieux pour l’autonomie qu’il apporte que ce qui était prévu au départ. Il devait permettre au sous-marin de rester en plongée jusqu’à 20 jours. Aujourd’hui, selon les ingénieurs qui travaillent dessus, il est pratiquement impossible d’atteindre ce chiffre, » assurent des sources militaires.

« Un sous-marin plus gros, avec moins d’autonomie et coutant entre 750 millions et 1 milliard € pièce, » concluent-ils. Un projet qui « coutera très cher à l’Espagne et qui repoussera tout pays qui aurait pu être intéressé. »

C’est pourquoi, parmi l’état-major de la marine espagnole, de plus en plus d’officiers soutiennent une autre option : suspendre la construction des sous-marins et reprendre à zéro la conception en évitant de nouveaux dépassements de budget et sans précipitation. Le problème, c’est le temps : d’ici la fin de la décennie, l’Espagne n’aura plus de sous-marins opérationnels.

 Sans sous-marin jusqu’à la mise en service du S-82

Les sous-marins de la classe Agosta qui sont encore opérationnels — Mistral, Galerna et Tramontana — ont subi des grands carénages au cours des dernières années afin de prolonger leur espérance de vie opérationnelle de 5 ans. Le Tramontona a été le dernier, et la marine espère qu’il lui sera rendu cette année.

Cependant, la marine a des doutes raisonnables sur ces prévisions. Certains jugent « trop optimiste » que ces sous-marins puissent rester opérationnels encore 5 ans.

« En 2016, nous n’aurons plus que 2 sous-marins après le désarmement du Galerna, le plus ancien. Et il nous faudra attendre jusqu’à 2020 avec le Tramontana et le Mistral, en tenant compte des entretiens et des réparations, et cela en supposant qu’ils puissent tenir 5 ans, » estiment les sources consultées au sein de la marine.

 Recourir à des sous-marins d’occasion

Selon le calendrier de Navantia, le constructeur des S-80, le premier exemplaire sera livré en 2020. Concrètement, il s’agira du S-82, baptisé Narciso de Monturiol. Mais si les Agosta ne « survivent » pas jusqu’à cette date, l’Espagne n’aurait plus de sous-marins.

Certains à l’état-major proposent donc que l’Espagne acquiert des sous-marins d’occasion, que ce soit par un achat ou une location, auprès d’autres marines.

« Certains pays se sont lancés dans la rénovation de leur flotte sous-marine, alors qu’ils connaissaient la prospérité. Maintenant qu’ils ne peuvent plus payer, ils cherchent une porte de sortie. Ce serait une bonne option pour ne pas attendre le S-80, l’eau jusqu’au cou, et pour ne pas courir plus de risques que surviennent d nouvelles erreurs, » assurent-ils.

 L’Australie ne veut déjà plus du S-80

Le dernier revers, survenu il y a seulement quelques jours, est le refus de l’Australie de retenir le S-80 dans la liste des candidats pour son projet de rénovation. Alors que le projet espagnol avait été inclus jusqu’à présent dans la liste, finalement, seuls les projets japonais, français et allemand ont été retenus.

Rester à la porte de l’appel d’offres lancé par le pays qui avait montré le plus d’intérêt pour le S-80 constitue un « important échec commercial » pour les chantiers navals espagnols, et par conséquent, pour la marine espagnole comme le reconnaissent les sources militaires.

Jusqu’à présent, il y avait l’espoir des éventuelles exportations sous-marins, de façon à ce que le cout total du projet et des recherches et développements nécessaires au développement d’un projet de cette ampleur ne repose pas uniquement sur l’Espagne, jusqu’à présent, le seul client, et probablement qui le restera.


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Navantia débute la construction des 2 nouveaux patrouilleurs hauturiers BAM pour la Marine espagnole

Navantia débute la construction des 2 nouveaux patrouilleurs hauturiers BAM pour la Marine espagnole | Newsletter navale | Scoop.it

(Infodefensa.com) Madrid - Navantia today started the work program of the two new ships Maritime Action for the Ministry of Defence and the Spanish Armada by cutting the first steel simultaneously shipyards in the Bay of Cadiz and Ria Ferrol .

At 13 hours Navantia president, José Manuel Revuelta , attended the Ministry of Defence to the signing ceremony of the order of execution of the two BAM with the CEO of Ordnance , Major General Juan Manuel García Montaño . Minutes after the company started simultaneously in Ferrol and Cadiz sheet cutting each of the two BAM responsible for the Navy.

This Executive Order is a return to military construction after more than eight years since this occurred in July 2006 with the manufacture of the frigate F-105 and the four BAM in the first series. The program director of these vessels in Navantia, Jaime Vidal , remember that supposed "after many years, a return to shipbuilding for the Spanish Armada and certainly gives the company a significant workload".

2.2 million working hours

Work started today on ships involves cutting the first steel block 3011, corresponding to the keel and weighing 67 tons.

The two vessels are part of the extension of the first series of BAM. An operating time will join the four ships of this existing model from 2018. The ships incorporate all measures regarding environmental MARPOL regulations, as new propulsion engines, auxiliary and emergency and ART treatment plant wastewater.

They will also have improvements aimed at weight reduction, new equipment obsolescence derivatives, fitness for a greater allocation and implementation of the updated information on prevention and operational safety regulations.

This contract has a value of 333.48 million euros and represents 2.2 million working hours for both own staff and for the auxiliary industry.

It is, according to its builder, a ship of moderate size, high performance, versatility in terms of missions, high level of commonality with other Navy ships and an acquisition cost and reduced cycle life.

The main tasks for which they have been designed include the protection and escort of other ships, maritime traffic control, control and neutralization of terrorist and piracy operations against drug trafficking and human trafficking, rescue missions and Salvage, support for crisis situations and humanitarian aid, control of fisheries legislation and control of environmental legislation and anti-pollution.

The program manager at Navantia stresses that the construction of the two new vessels "management system applying Lean ". By "this management system, will take virtually all engineering development at first, thanks to it after construction is done in shorter deadlines."

Vidal clarifies that those responsible for the construction "will each shipyard, but the management team only program for the construction of the two vessels give uniformity to the realization of both. The organization of engineering in the company allows a single design the two vessels and homogenization of procedures and processes allow the construction is done with the same standards. "

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Le portail des sous-marins > Le nouveau sous-marin S-80 de la marine espagnole accumule 1 milliard € de surcoût

Le portail des sous-marins > Le nouveau sous-marin S-80 de la marine espagnole accumule 1 milliard € de surcoût | Newsletter navale | Scoop.it

Le programme d’armement le plus compliqué actuellement en développement par l’Espagne, accumule 7 ans de retard et des centaines de millions € de surcout.

Chaque innovation comporte des risques, et marcher en solitaire aussi. A cela s’ajoute la gestion d’entreprise et politique d’un programme industriel de défense par une entreprise publique. Tout ceci se conjugue dans le programme des nouveaux sous-marins espagnols S-80 développés par Navantia.

Le programme est né en 2003 avec un budget prévisionnel de 1,7 milliard €. Aujourd’hui, il dépasse les 2,1 milliards au moins, puisque ni le ministère, ni Navantia, ne donnent de chiffres. La livraison à la marine espagnole du premier exemplaire est prévue pour 2018, avec 7 ans de retard sur les plans initiaux, retard qui a aussi un cout, puisqu’il a obligé à moderniser les sous-marins actuellement en service pour prolonger leur durée de vie.

Les problèmes de surpoids rencontrés (plus de 100 t) ont nécessité une modification, un allongement de 7 m de la coque, alors que la construction du 1er exemplaire était déjà très avancée.

Le ministère de la défense a répété que le cout du programme n’allait pas augmenter. Mais il apparait que le nombre de sous-marins construits serait finalement réduit à 3. Le prix de chaque sous-marin passerait de 438 millions € (en 2003) à 711 millions (+62 %).

Devant les difficultés techniques rencontrées, il faut souligner l’impossibilité techniques, aujourd’hui encore, d’intégrer le système de propulsion anaérobie à l’intérieur de la coque.

L’Espagne a dû faire appel aux Etats-Unis pour sauver le programme. Un contrat a été signé avec Electric Boat pour son assistance technique, d’abord pour solutionner le problème de surpoids, et maintenant pour trouver une solution pour l’intégration du système de propulsion.

Les obstacles techniques rencontrés par le programme trouvent en partie leur origine dans la séparation d’avec l’associé français, DCNS, qui accompagnait Navantia pour les sous-marins, d’abord pour les Agosta actuellement en service, ensuite pour la conception du Scorpène, un produit conçu au départ en commun. Ce différent s’est retrouvé devant les tribunaux. Les problèmes trouvent aussi leur cause dans la définition insuffisante du projet, tant sur le plan technique que financier.

Référence :

La Estrella Digital (Espagne)

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Espagne : le Mindef attribue 47,6 millions d'euros pour prolonger la durée de vie des AV-8B Plus Harrier jusqu'en 2034

Espagne : le Mindef attribue 47,6 millions d'euros pour prolonger la durée de vie des AV-8B Plus Harrier jusqu'en 2034 | Newsletter navale | Scoop.it

11/2/2014

(Infodefensa.com) Madrid - The Ministry of Defense has been authorized to spend 47.6 million euros with which to extend the maintenance of aircraft Harrier AV-8B Plus for ten years until 2034, which means the recognition that not undertake replacement until then.

These vertical takeoff aircraft, which should be operational by that date will be the only fighter jets that can operate the vessel or aircraft carriers strategic protection Juan Carlos .

The Spanish Armada has highlighted the need to launch a program that provides replacement. Some claim that Spain should substitute for the US development F-35 to the current absence of a European option as decided by the other three major users of the Harrier , the United States, Britain and Italy .

According to the review, the Council of Ministers authorized the department heads Pedro Morenés to sign the amendment to the expiration date of the amendment to the memorandum of understanding (MOU) Support Lifecycle Program AV-8B Harrier Plus ", which involving an expenditure of 47.66 million euros to be distributed in eleven annuities between 2014 and 2024.

No short-term replacement

The MOU is scheduled to be in effect until December 9, 2014.

However, the Spanish Government states that "the current economic circumstances and the environment of not having a weapon system to replace the AV-8B Plus to maintain the ability to project the Spanish Armed Forces beyond the year 2025 with the media air board, makes it necessary to increase the life of this program. "

Therefore, the defense ministry proposes to extend the term of this Agreement for a period of ten years, changing the scope of work and setting new limits of financial costs for the extension period.

In 1990 created the Joint Program Office (JPO) AV-8B from the US, Italy and Spain , by signing a first MOU for development, production and support of a fighter equipped with radar.

In 1992 the program was consolidated with a second MOU signed for the modernization, remanufacturing and life cycle support of AV-8B ; and in 2004 a third MOU was signed for post-production and life cycle support of the aircraft.

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Espagne : le Secrétaire d'Etat à la Défense confirme la livraison du premier sous-marin S-80 en 2018

Espagne : le Secrétaire d'Etat à la Défense confirme la livraison du premier sous-marin S-80 en 2018 | Newsletter navale | Scoop.it

10/07/2014

(Infodefensa.com) NF, Madrid - The Secretary of State for Defence, Pedro Argüelles, has confirmed that the first submarine S-80 manufactured by Navantia will be delivered to the Spanish Armada in 2018.

During the press presentation of the defense budgets for 2015, Arguelles said the problem of overweight submarine forcing redefine the design are done you can say that is already "a useful submarine".

The SEDEF also referred to delays in system development Air Independent Propulsion (AIP) that had hindered progress in submersible technology training, and said that in this area and "begin to see that milestones are being met."

When asked by the media for the current contractual relationship with the company Abengoa , responsible for developing the AIP, Argüelles said Abengoa remains the supplier of the system and hope that it can be integrated into the submarine. However, he confirmed that the Ministry held "conversations" with the company Technical Gathered to have a "plan B".

Despite the difficulties and delays in production of the new S-80, the Secretary of State wanted to convey a "comfort" that was two years ago.

The draft Law on State Budget ( PGE ) 2015 included in the section " Support for technological innovation in the field of defense " of the Ministry of Industry a game of 205 million euros for the S-80 program.

Patrick H. 's insight:

L'industriel constructeur Navantia avait récemment déclaré avoir résolu les problèmes d'excès de poids dans la conception de ce nouveau type de sous-marin :

http://www.scoop.it/t/newsletter-navale/p/4028619359/2014/09/24/navantia-declare-avoir-corrige-les-problemes-de-poids-du-projet-de-sous-marin-s-80-et-espere-la-reprise-de-la-construction

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Navantia commence à Carthagène l'IPER du sous-marin Tramontana

Navantia commence à Carthagène l'IPER du sous-marin Tramontana | Newsletter navale | Scoop.it

(Infodefensa.com) Madrid - The state company Navantia has launched at its facilities in Cartagena Great Carena submarine Tramontana S-74 of the Spanish Armada .

Disassembly of the boarding hatch engines work is the first of what will be the fourth major overhaul that takes place on this ship, which has been made possible by the firm in mid-August, the corresponding execution order between the Spanish Armada and Navantia. The end result will be the prolongation of life underwater for five years.

The completion of this work will employ about 300 workers, including company employees of Navantia and related industry personnel.

"This time, the scope of the work will be higher than usual because, besides the own work of a Great Carena, we have included others who directly managed the Navy or included in other contracts, such as the purchase and installation of main switchboards submarine, providing all necessary for the execution of the work parts, buying batteries and submarine maintenance and overhaul of electronic equipment of the vessel, "explained from the shipping company. The total budget of the project amounts to 42.9 million euros.

The submarine Tramontana remains covered facilities Navantia shipyard in Cartagena since last April 23.

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Le MinDef espagnol se fait présenter les travaux de développement de la future frégate type F110 de l'Armada

Le MinDef espagnol se fait présenter les travaux de développement de la future frégate type F110 de l'Armada | Newsletter navale | Scoop.it

08/04/2014

(Infodefensa.com) Madrid - The Defence Minister Peter Morenés , last visited July 30, the General Headquarters of the Navy, where he was received by the Chief of Staff of the Navy (AJEMA) Admiral, Jaime Muñoz-Delgado and Diaz del Rio , during a workshop on the development of new frigates F-110 .

In the outbuildings of Staff of the Navy, the minister was briefed on the progress of the construction of the F-110 frigates, vessels will replace the frigates "Santa Maria" class. The project includes the construction of five units, is currently under design.

The meeting was also attended by the Head of Logistic Support, Estanislao Admiral Admiral Pery Paredes ; the Naval Construction Director Admiral, Vice Admiral Engineer Sanchez Antonio Godinez, and the Head of the Planning Division of the General Staff of the Navy, Vice Adm. Jose Luis Verdugo Urcelay .

According to information provided to Infodefensa.com earlier this year, the future program of the great Armada , building these frigates, prepared for both coastal and low intensity operations for sea missions in high intensity, should be a reality in 2022, the due date for delivery of the first unit. These come in successive years until last do around 2030.

The Navy already suggested then that will be treated in a boat with features and is halfway between the current Maritime Action Ship ( BAM ), just over 93.9 meters in length and 2,670 tons displacement, and the frigates F-100 , with a displacement of 5,800 tons is spread over its 147 meters.

Its design will highlight the innovation of having a single mast which will built all antennas and just rotating elements.

Additionally, each ship will have a towed sonar for its outstanding mission antisubmarine warfare. At this point, the F-110 markedly exceed the F-100 , considered one of the best frigates in the world active, and the best of Europe , but that just has to deal with elements submersibles.

The new frigates will also be equipped to repel especially asymmetric threats, an area that until recently was barely considered.

Also, to suit the objectives of each moment, the F-110 , with which the Navy expects to beyond the year 2050, will have a multimission modular space. So, as appropriate, in this space may stay unmanned vehicles, vessels or containers for special operations use different, depending on the nature of the operations to be undertaken.

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La refonte du sous-marin espagnol Tramontana retardée en raison de désaccords entre le MinDef et Navantia

La refonte du sous-marin espagnol Tramontana retardée en raison de désaccords entre le MinDef et Navantia | Newsletter navale | Scoop.it

The Defense Ministry and the public company Navantia still not fully agree to start work on the fourth and last great hull of the submarine 'Tramontana' (S-74), which are pending tens of Cartagena shipyard workers and its subsidiary companies. The project continues to accumulate delays, even after being authorized by the government, spending 42.9 million euros needed to fund such work.

The execution order is still pending the Navy and public construction company and ship repairs close some details of the project ahead of knowledgeable 'The Truth' sources of that work. The boat remains stranded in the yard for two months because the Navy called off the sea to avoid serious hull damage due to moisture.

At its last meeting in May, the Cabinet authorized defense spending needed to execute the work of the fourth and last major hull of S-74. The news was welcomed at the factory in Navantia Cartagena because that work, pending since 2012, should provide workload for two years its staff and ancillary workers in some companies.

But the situation has not progressed at all since over a month ago. The order of execution is at the expense of the government and the public company signed two agreements that articulate the financing of large fairing 'Tramontana' and construction of two new seagoing action. Both projects amount to 376 million euros and for the departure of the submarine, the payment will be deferred in four annual installments.

Morenés no details

But it seems that the work will start soon. In his visit yesterday to San Javier Defence Minister Peter Morenés to deliver shipments to the new officers of the Air Force, he offered no new data. He reiterated that the Cartagena shipyard will take care of the great hull of the 'Tramontana' without providing start date, and that his department will continue to drive the construction of the submarine S-80, without specifying details.

The fourth major hull of S-74 is performed by the need for the Navy to maintain two submarines operational always, do not go forward while the new S-80. With it, the 'Tramontana' may remain active until about 2020. Then, should already have two service four new submarines, provided that this program will not further delay the already accumulated.

The situation worries at the shipyard, where regional leaders of trade unions General Union of Workers (UGT) and the Workers' Commissions (CCOO) yesterday held a protest rally at the main entrance on the occasion of the campaign in defense of freedom of association and to protest the prosecution of trade unionists who participated in informational picketing in the general strike of March 2012.

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Le ministère espagnol de la défense remplace le concepteur du module AIP de son futur sous-marin S-80

Le ministère espagnol de la défense remplace le concepteur du module AIP de son futur sous-marin S-80 | Newsletter navale | Scoop.it

Traduction "Le Portail des sous-marins" :

Le ministère espagnol de la défense a décidé de remplacer la société Abengoa, jusqu’à présent chargée de concevoir le système de propulsion anaérobie de son futur sous-marin S-80, par la société Técnicas Reunidas. Cette décision est la conséquence des retards et échecs que connait le développement de ce module.

Selon des sources de confiance ayant connaissance du dossier, le ministère ne résiliera pas le contrat déjà signé avec Abengoa. Mais avant la fin du mois de juin, il signera avec Técnicas Reunidas un contrat similaire afin de lui confier la conception du module anaérobie.

Le premier prototype de propulsion anaérobie développé par les ingénieurs d’Abengoa, au travers de sa filiale Hynergreen, a brûlé lors des essais.

Le module de propulsion anaérobie est une des avancées principales du sous-marin S-80. Combiné au moteur électrique traditionnel, il permettra au sous-marin de rester en plongée plus longtemps — de 15 à 20 jours — sans recourir à la propulsion nucléaire.

Les sous-marins classiques doivent remonter en surface afin de recharger leurs batteries, ce qui limite leurs capacités opérationnelles et l’élément de surprise dans les missions militaires.

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Le gouvernement espagnol commande à Navantia 2 nouveaux bâtiments type BAM

Le gouvernement espagnol commande à Navantia 2 nouveaux bâtiments type BAM | Newsletter navale | Scoop.it

(Infodefensa.com) Madrid - doubts were cleared. There will be two Maritime Action Ship. The request that the Minister of Finance , Cristobal Montoro , announced on 19 February that Navantia maintain his workload awaiting new orders, will cost 400 million euros and will give 2.2 million hours of work during two and a half years to shipyards in Ferrol , in Galicia , and San Fernando-Puerto Real in Cádiz .

The announcement was made today the president of the State Industrial Holdings Company ( SEPI ), Ramón Aguirre , who this morning Galicia has met with President of the Xunta , Alberto Nunez Feijoo , with the Minister of Industries , Count Francisco , and the mayor of Ferrol , José Manuel Rey Varela .

Aguirre explained that with this commission from the Ministry of Defence procurement is recovered by the Navy and the continuity of the BAM program started in July 2006 and already has four built in the first phase ensures vessels.

That of BAM was the choice had been the most likely after the Secretary of State for Defence , Pedro Argüelles , when asked by the then undefined custom Navantia, remembered last week repeated request of the ministry of more vessels of this kind .

The choice of two BAM was also until this morning, before jumping the news, the one chosen by most readers Infodefensa.com in recent days have responded to a survey on what the Government should commission ship to arrive while Navantia other orders .

Had also handled the possibility that the government take charge of a new amphibious LHD as Juan Carlos I , another Combat Supply Ship ( BAC ), as Cantabria , or even the sixth frigate F100 .

The information provided by this custom Navantia notes that in the construction of these two ships equipment and systems will integrate other national subcontractors. Hiring bring an important workload Navantia short term and contribute positively to improve the financial position of the company. Similarly, the impact of this order will be extended to the auxiliary industry and Navantia to said system and equipment suppliers, causing a direct effect on employment of the various affected communities.

2,490 tons and 93.9 meters

The primary mission of these ships will be controlling the Exclusive Maritime Zone ( EEZ ) and protection against asymmetric threats and conventional small entity. Other missions will be monitoring, salvage, or pollution and smuggling.

These vessels have a maximum displacement of 2,490 tons and a range of between 3,500 and 8,700 miles, and can reach a top speed of 20.5 knots. Staffing can range from 35 people who may eventually add another 80 shipped.

They also have sufficient capacity to operate an airborne helicopter and all within a length of 93.9 meters and a maximum width of 14.2 meters.

Among the particular characteristics of this type of vessel stresses that have a bow thruster, stabilizer fins and liabilities tanks as well as a high degree of automation and mass pollution.


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Le portail des sous-marins > Le S-80, programme du futur “super-sous-marin” espagnol "prend l'eau"

Le portail des sous-marins > Le S-80, programme du futur “super-sous-marin” espagnol "prend l'eau" | Newsletter navale | Scoop.it

Le ministère espagnol de la défense a confirmé les pires craintes concernant le futur sous-marin S-80, supposé devenir l’un des plus modernes parmi les sous-marins à propulsion non-nucléaire.

En réponse à une question posée au Parlement, le ministre espagnol de la défense, Pedro Morenés, a reconnu la semaine dernière que le plus important projet dans l’histoire de l’industrie espagnole de défense, présenterait un dépassement de budget d’au moins 700 millions €, sur les 2,135 milliards € prévus au départ.

Et ce n’est pas tout. Il a aussi reconnu que, à ce stade, on ne pouvait prévoir une date pour la livraison à la marine espagnole pour le premier exemplaire des 4 commandés à Navantia. Malgré tout cela, le ministère considère que « continuer à soutenir le développement de ce programme, sera avantageux pour tous ».

Tout découle d’un unique problème : le sous-marin est trop gros. Il est dû à une erreur dans la conception initiale qui fait que, aujourd’hui, le sous-marin pèse 75 tonnes de plus que ce qu’il devrait, ce qui l’empêche de remonter à la surface. La seule solution possible, avancée par les ingénieurs américains, est d’allonger le sous-marin de 6 mètres pour compenser le sur-poids, ce qui suppose que le ministère espagnol de la défense débourser ces 700 millions € au moment où les forces armées espagnoles rencontrent d’énormes difficultés économiques à cause des réductions budgétaires.

Le ministère de la défense maintient le cap et que « les problèmes découverts dans le développement du programme sont habituels dans des projets de ce type, comme cela s’est produit dans d’autres pays. »

Ici, la solution pour le moment, passe par deux possibilités : soit le ministère apporte de l’argent supplémentaires, soit il réduit le nombre de sous-marins construits. mais dans tous les cas, le sur-cout est inévitable.

La marine espagnole attend

La construction du premier des 4 sous-marins S-80 a commencé en 2005 et, selon les prévisions, il devrait être livré à la marine en 2015. Les autres devraient entrer en service en 2016, 2018 et 2019.

Actuellement, néanmoins, le ministère prévient qu’il « est prématuré d’avancer un calendrier précis, bien que l’objectif soit de terminer la construction aussi vite que possible. » Cette incertitude constitue un sérieux contre-temps pour la marine qui, actuellement, ne dispose plus que de 3 sous-marins opérationnels dans la classe obsolète des Agosta — le Galerna, le Mistral et le Tramontana — des sous-marins ayant déjà 30 ans de service.

En plus d’apporter à la marine un sous-marin moderne, Navantia a aussi pour objectif de vendre le S-80 à l’étranger, ce qui apporterait d’importants bénéfices. Pour le ministère, « le développement du programme apporte à l’industrie navale des capacités technologiques de pointe qui lui permettent de concourir sur le marché international avec leur propre modèle. »

L’idée affichée de l’entreprise publique espagnole est de transformer son siège de Cathagène en un chantier naval de référence pour la conception et la construction de ce type de sous-marins. Le S-80 a déjà été proposé aux marines d’autres pays, comme l’Australie, la Norvège et l’Inde.

Néanmoins, la possibilité de commercialisation est fortement compromise par les difficultés du programme, dans un secteur très concurrentiel au niveau mondial.

Référence :

La Rioja (Espagne)

Patrick H. 's insight:

Il est intéressant de rappeler que le Mindef espagnol vient tout juste d'aller au Pentagone solliciter la prolongation de l'aide américaine pour arriver enfin à résoudre les problèmes de conception de ce programme :

http://www.scoop.it/t/newsletter-navale/p/4019649841/2014/04/15/le-mindef-espagnol-au-pentagone-pour-prolonger-la-collaboration-navantia-general-dynamics-dans-le-programme-s80


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Le Mindef espagnol au Pentagone pour prolonger la collaboration Navantia-General Dynamics dans le programme S80

Le Mindef espagnol au Pentagone pour prolonger la collaboration Navantia-General Dynamics dans le programme S80 | Newsletter navale | Scoop.it

(Infodefensa.com) Madrid - The Secretary of State for Defence, Pedro Arguelles , performs a three-day visit to Washington during which, among other things, seeking the Pentagon will strengthen and continue the collaboration of the public shipyards Navantia with the multinational General Dynamics in relation to the development of the submarine S-80 .

According to the ministry itself, Argüelles seeks the support of the United States Navy two to the Spanish program at S-80 to solve their design problems.

"Currently, says the department heads Pedro More nés-formulas are sought to give continuity to the collaboration between companies Navantia and Electric Boat which can overcome the technological rut that runs through the program. "

Electric Boat is the naval branch of the U.S. company General Dynamics and owner in Spain to Santa Barbara systems , and specializes in nuclear submarines but abandoned conventional years. Navantia and Electric Boat have collaborated on several projects in the past on several occasions .

In this case, according to reliable sources, the Spanish policy decision was that the collaboration between private companies conduct through official channels, ie through the two armed to give more consistency to the project.

These sources, who spoke to Infodefensa.com on condition of anonymity, said that a team of technicians Electric Boat is in Spain for a few months and collaborates with engineers Navantia , under the supervision of the Spanish Armada , to find the solution technique to correct the problems of design S-80 and passing through lengthening the submersible.

Patrick H. 's insight:

Retour sur l'historique mouvementé du programme des futurs sous-marins espagnols type S-80 :

http://www.scoop.it/t/newsletter-navale/p/4014467369/2014/01/20/sous-marin-espagnol-s-80-trop-lourd-nouveau-retard-de-livraison-le-portail-des-sous-marins


et sur le premier audit réalisé par l'industriel américain GD-Electric Boat ;

http://www.scoop.it/t/newsletter-navale/p/4009112231/2013/10/11/le-sous-marin-espagnol-s-80-sera-allonge-de-7-metres-pour-resoudre-ses-problemes-de-sur-poids


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