Middle Ages 4A
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Middle Ages 4A
A hardcore informant to all of your Medieval needs
Curated by Julian Danetiu
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Welcome to Medieval Ages Newspaper!

Welcome to Medieval Ages Newspaper! | Middle Ages 4A | Scoop.it

Whether you've stumbled upon our web page by some chance while mindlessly surfing the web, browsing to learn more about the Middle Ages, or just don't care about how efficiently you use your time, welcome! Here you'll find friendly articles, accurate information, and oodles of other stuff the average reader would like to partake in. So sit back, enjoy the media, and read to your heart's content (or until you finish the paper, either one.)
This week's question comes from Jane in Constantinople.
"How did changing economic and social conditions, wars, and the growing power of monarchs begin to build the framework for the modern nation-state?"

Good Question Jane! Well, to start off, today's manor system will be the predecessor to future village and town communities, this analogy also applies to our cities. The vassal's manor will most likely be replaced with something similar to a town hall, and huts and inns will evolve into apartments and houses, building entire communities. This will create tight-knit towns that will sooner or later become part of an interconnected territory ruled under one government. As for education, our universities today have built a foundation for a strong and willing future generations to learn. As humanity advances, universities will probably come to be their own thing, people traveling from great distances to have a chance at learning and owning a diploma, versus the lectures in rented out inns that exist today. These schools will evolve to be their own branch in society, maybe even one day becoming part of these "towns" that will be inside of a "country." The schools' routines will be based off of our "wake-up early, learn, then return back to living quarters" method that exists now and will encourage the building of lesser schools to prepare for this "University." Wars will decide how these "territories," as I mentioned earlier, are formed and divided. Governments and people will go back and forth until one day the borders of their land are finally set in stone. Wars today are also bringing in much export from foreign nations that our lands and governments need for funding and commerce. This will help future civilizations to find a category that best fits our economic advantages, and utilize it to our benefit. Monarchs' heirs will decide the leaders of the land in the future, being as the line of kings and queens are usually decided by heritage.
I hope this answers your question.

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Innocent's Innocence Questioned? Kings try to overpower, Fued Doused Shortly After

Innocent's Innocence Questioned? Kings try to overpower, Fued Doused Shortly After | Middle Ages 4A | Scoop.it

Pope Innocent the third was three times the pope
anyone now could be. Papal supremacy was his top
priority like every other pope in office, but did the others
achieve as much greatness and Innocence did? King
John of England once try to appoint an archbishop
without consent of Innocent. Promptly thereafter,
Innocent doomed his kingdom to excommunication and
deemed it under interdict. We can see who was the
winner of this, especially when John apologized and
Innocent lifted the punishments. Another time a
different emperor ventured to test the Pope's powers,
and this emperor was punished as well. When Philip II
try to invalidate his marriage, Innocent executed his
power into effect and laid upon Philip the same burden
that John of England suffered. We can see that
Innocent's dream to exercise complete control over all
of the major leaders in Europe was finally realized, but
what of the smaller authorities? A group of people
called Albigensians the challenged the Catholic Church.
After amends between Philip and Innocent were
established they quickly marched into southern France
and regained control. Other achievements were
creating a court of approval for the church, improving
the church official seats, extending Papal states, and
reforming official election. Pope Innocent III met his
goals and succeeded with his individual actions. As well
he excelled in providing the church with power and in

Protecting Catholicism. Innocent was truly one of the
greatest popes that had ever lived.

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Boy Makes Political Cartoon, Swoons Central Europe By The Millions, Captures Hearts Of Thousands

Boy Makes Political Cartoon, Swoons Central Europe By The Millions, Captures Hearts Of Thousands | Middle Ages 4A | Scoop.it
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Philip Augustus, Friend of France

Philip Augustus, Friend of France | Middle Ages 4A | Scoop.it

You've heard of our once great king, Hugh Capet, but
what of his beloved descendent, Philip II? The same
Philip that delivered charters to justify our communities,
taxed us fairly for the sake of the kingdom, unified the
church with our government to create an all-powerful
system that would create 300 years of power for
France, and empowered the middle class? Yes, that
Philip. Philip the Second, otherwise known as Philip
Augustus, had some of the strongest relations with the
church since the golden-reign of Charlemagne. Philip
also managed to further expand the middle class and
embroider it with positions in the government, giving a
true meaning to an "equal and represented"
government that citizens back then yearned and fought
for. The bureaucracy that was formed taxed our people
justly and efficiently, charging the entire nation as a
whole and fueling our empire for greatness. Glorified
and renowned throughout not only France, but all of
continental Europe as well, Philip campaigned bravely
against English lands and reaped territory for France to
utilize. If one was to think that he was a war-centered
brute, they would be mistaken. Philip used his
diplomacy skills and slyness to bypass other kingdoms
and make allies Europe. He even helped out the Pope in his time of
need when there were threatening resistance-
organizations trying to overthrow the papal system. This
resulted in a stronger church relation and a precious
addition to the kingdom. Philip Augustus was a noble
and congenial leader, whose example should be
followed by leaders today and to come; quite frankly, I
personally wouldn't even be surprised if the versatile
Philip's head screwdriver was christened after him.

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Knight Dies A Herioc Death In Trying To Take a Vital City

Knight Dies A Herioc Death In Trying To Take a Vital City | Middle Ages 4A | Scoop.it

The following is a passage that was taken from the journal of a fallen knight who recently died in the Crusade.  God bless his soul.


Days 674. The Crusades so far have taken a heavy toll
on both sides. The Muslim Turks now defending
Antioch have bloody streets from our last siege to worry
about, but we suffer from pain and death in our own
camps, as well. A plague has passed by and we have
been reduced to eating our own men! Oh, how God has
filled our paths with hardships! Overall, from a retro-
perspective, I think that this war was bound to have
many losses and suffering, but will bring many fortunes
and advantages. Once God's will of capturing
Jerusalem in his name is completed, we will be able to
balance the Christian population in the local area once
and for all! But, if there are to be more crusades after
this, and I think this one will not be much of the
significance. As of now, the friskers aid, morale is low,
but word of the Holy Lance being found will strengthen
morale and lead our men to victory when we try to take
this wretched city of Antioch. The Crusade was not the
smartest thing to do in order to solve this problem, and
will only reinforce the division between the different
modern religions. We will grow to hate each other more
and more as the war progresses. This will end up with a
more powerful loathing throughout future generations.
This war is most certainly not a step into the future and
is just hindering human advancement. But, I must go
now. The siege starts soon, and I must prepare my
horse for battle. Hopefully we will succeed, and finally

move on towards Jerusalem.

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Europe's Been Schooled

Europe's Been Schooled | Middle Ages 4A | Scoop.it

Recently intuitive advances have been made by the
clergy and other high-ranking officials to further enforce
public and private learning to today's civilization.
Universities and several other institutes of learning have
been set up to educate the general populace. Schools
in Bologna and Salerno are teaching their students to
excel in law and medicine, whilst other schools choose
to focus on language, literature, and other arts. Studies
have seen that we are currently developing a system
that will most likely run for decades, even centuries on
end. More and more citizens in today's medieval
society are earning to read and write, which is helping
us to enrich our written culture, as well as preserve it.
Medical advances are slow, and the Muslims are
beating us on this as they have much more knowledge
on how to care for the sick. Overall I would say that our
literature of this age is being enhanced beyond
recognition thanks to the widespread knowledge that
our colleges are spreading. As well, languages are
becoming more diverse and rich with vocabulary as
more and more peoples' tongues become greater
expanded upon. This, "University" system looks like it
will mold routines for future generations, and will be
devoted to the learning of our children, but until
whenever that day may be, we should stick to this,
"university," system. I have feeling that other than its
average efficiency, the great organization and

convenience will make this technique he passed on for
years to come.

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