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Initiative FARM : conséquences de la guerre en Ukraine et réponses stratégiques

Dans le cadre de l'initiative française FARM (Food and Agriculture Resilience Mission), lancée en mars 2022, un « groupe de travail académique », réunissant une dizaine d'experts de haut niveau, a analysé les implications du conflit actuel et réfléchi à des réponses stratégiques. Leurs premières conclusions, livrées en mai, décrivent la complexification des enjeux agricoles, les effets en cascade de la guerre sur la sécurité alimentaire mondiale, et les nouveaux engagements attendus de l'Union européenne et de la France.

L'extrême importance de la question alimentaire est d'abord rappelée. Il faut nourrir une population croissante, dans un contexte de pressions environnementales et géo-stratégiques exacerbées. Les déstabilisations de la guerre, après celles causées par deux années de pandémie, obligent à repenser les principes de régulation et de gouvernance, et même toute l'architecture de la mondialisation, mais en veillant à maintenir les processus de transition vers une durabilité forte.

Plus globalement, l'intensification des jeux et enjeux géopolitiques, en matières agricole et

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MED-Amin network
(Mediterranean Agricultural Information Network) Fostering cooperation and experience sharing among the national information systems on agricultural (cereals) markets in the Mediterranean. The network of 13 countries is coordinated by CIHEAM, and more specifically by its Mediterranean Agronomic Institute (MAI) of Montpellier.
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Rapport 2022 de l’Observatoire de la formation des prix et des marges | FranceAgriMer - établissement national des produits de l'agriculture et de la mer

Rapport 2022 de l’Observatoire de la formation des prix et des marges | FranceAgriMer - établissement national des produits de l'agriculture et de la mer | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it
L’Observatoire de la formation des prix et des marges des produits alimentaires a remis son onzième rapport au Parlement le 29 juin 2022.
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MOROCCO : Imports up pressure on Morocco’s foreign reserves

MOROCCO : Imports up pressure on Morocco’s foreign reserves | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Energy and food imports alongside a growing trade deficit put pressure on Morocco’s foreign currency reserves.


Via Système de veille, CIHEAM News
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MAROC : Agriculture : la “bonne” campagne agricole se heurte à l’inflation

MAROC : Agriculture : la “bonne” campagne agricole se heurte à l’inflation | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Personne n’aurait misé sur de bonnes récoltes cette année au Maroc tant la situation pluviométrique était catastrophique au début de la campagne. Pourtant, les résultats obtenus jusqu’ici sont pour le moins encourageants pour certaines cultures. Mais ces performances sont à relativiser par la hausse des intrants, la baisse des marges et le risque d’une nouvelle sécheresse en 2023.  L’hécatombe tant redoutée de la campagne agricole n’aura finalement pas lieu.

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MIDDLE-EAST: As global FOOD crisis deepens, solutions grow in Mideast

MIDDLE-EAST: As global FOOD crisis deepens, solutions grow in Mideast | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

The global food crisis spurred by fighting in Ukraine is affecting the Middle East in uneven ways. Countries such as Lebanon and Yemen, struggling with economic instability and conflict before the war began, have been hit particularly hard. Egypt, which is deeply reliant on wheat and other grains from Ukraine and Russia, has also struggled to manage the crisis and keep food supplies stable. 

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Last 2022 Harvest Bulletin released (June)

Last 2022 Harvest Bulletin released (June) | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

The present bulletin gives an outlook about the progress of cereal crops in the Mediterranean region. It provides early qualitative forecasting of the 2021-2022 campaign, with particular focus on soft wheat, durum wheat and barley. This third and last outlook reviews crop conditions from the sowing up to 31 May 2022, with a specific focus on the 1 May-31 May period, which is close to the harvest in several Mediterranean countries.

CIHEAM News's insight:

https://www.med-amin.org/en/ressources-2/files/docs-communication/reports-rapport/433-med-amin-bulletin-de-prevision-de-recolte-2022-3-juin/file

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Heads of FAO and OECD emphasise the importance of peace and transforming our agrifood systems - OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2022-2031

The global agrifood sector faces fundamental challenges over the coming decade, particularly the need to feed an ever-increasing population in a sustainable manner, the impacts of the climate crisis and the economic consequences and disruptions to food supply linked to the war in Ukraine, according to a report released today by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

The OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2022-2031 focuses on assessing the medium-term prospects for agricultural commodity markets. The findings of the report underscore the crucial role of additional public spending and private investment in production, information technology and infrastructure as well as human capital to raise agricultural productivity. 

CIHEAM News's insight:

https://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/agriculture-and-food/oecd-fao-agricultural-outlook-2022-2031_f1b0b29c-en

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Climate Change Impacts in the Levant

Climate Change Impacts in the Levant | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it
Climate change is expected to increase the vulnerability of Levant countries to extreme weather events. Here's about climate change impacts in the Levant region
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En Italie, une sécheresse historique affecte la production agricole et énergétique

En Italie, une sécheresse historique affecte la production agricole et énergétique | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it
Un déficit de pluviométrie de plus de 50 % depuis le début de l’année 2022 touche tout le nord et le centre du pays, provoquant une crise inédite. Dans le delta du Pô, le débit du fleuve est si faible que l’eau de la mer Adriatique remonte de plus en plus loin dans les terres.
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EGYPT | Home-grown wheat, home-baked bread | MadaMasr

EGYPT | Home-grown wheat, home-baked bread | MadaMasr | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it
Perceiving a threat to its strategic wheat reserves following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February, the Egyptian government initially planned to turn to local production to close the gap, though it would later resort to additional wheat imports from the war-inflated export markets.
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EGYPT NPS SEMINAR SERIES: Global Food Crises and One CGIAR’s Response

EGYPT NPS SEMINAR SERIES: Global Food Crises and One CGIAR’s Response | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it
Recurrent food crises and shocks in the world necessitate immediate national as well as global responses to provide short-term relief and longer-term policy change. As economies began recovering from the global COVID-19 pandemic during 2021, the Russian-Ukraine crisis emerged and has become a major setback to global recovering, sparking another global food security crisis. Some countries are particularly vulnerable, including those experiencing uneven economic recovery due to the COVID-19 pandemic, conflict-affected and fragile economies, and low-income countries with high levels of food import dependence.
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TUNISIE : Bonne nouvelle pour le pays qui voit sa production de céréales augmenter de 30 à 40%

TUNISIE : Bonne nouvelle pour le pays qui voit sa production de céréales augmenter de 30 à 40% | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

En Afrique du Nord, la Tunisie est le plus petit producteur de céréales. Cette situation la rend dépendante des achats sur le marché mondial pour satisfaire ses besoins. 

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TURKEY to host Ukraine grain talks next week:

TURKEY to host Ukraine grain talks next week: | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Turkey next week will host Russian, Ukrainian and UN officials for talks aimed at resuming stalled grain exports across the Black Sea, local media reported Tuesday.
The meeting in Istanbul would be preceded by a visit to Moscow by a Turkish defence delegation this week, NTV television and CNN Turk cited Turkish presidential sources as saying.

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China hungry for more

China hungry for more | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it
KANSAS CITY, MISSOURI, US — It has the world’s most people and the second largest economy. It has successfully produced one-fourth of the world’s grain and fed one-fifth of the world’s population with less than 10% of the world’s arable land.But China wants — and needs — more.In 2019, China...
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VEYSEL MEMIS: EXPORT TO FAR MARKETS INCREASES THE UNIT PRICE IN CEREALS AND PULSES –

VEYSEL MEMIS: EXPORT TO FAR MARKETS INCREASES THE UNIT PRICE IN CEREALS AND PULSES – | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it
Press release... Veysel Memiş, Chairman of the Mediterranean Cereals, Pulses, Oilseeds and Products
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World Bank to Provide EGYPT with $500 Million to Boost Food Security

World Bank to Provide EGYPT with $500 Million to Boost Food Security | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it
The World Bank has agreed to provide Egypt $500 million in development funds to boost food security in light of the repercussions faced by the COVID-19 pandemic and the Russian-Ukrainian war, according to a statement by the Ministry of International Cooperation.   View this post on Instagram   A post shared by Ministry of Int’l […]
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As Ukraine war rages, EGYPT races to secure wheat imports amid global food crisis

As Ukraine war rages, EGYPT races to secure wheat imports amid global food crisis | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Egypt is paying the price of disruption to vital wheat imports and sharply rising import costs due to Russia's invasion of Ukraine, prompting Cairo to take new measures to secure adequate reserves.
The disruption has raised fears that Egypt could face a shortage of flour needed for the subsidised bread that is available to more than 70 million of the country's 103 million population.

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ESPAGNE : le gouvernement veut imposer des amendes contre le gaspillage alimentaire

ESPAGNE : le gouvernement veut imposer des amendes contre le gaspillage alimentaire | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it
D’autres pays comme l’Italie et la France ont adopté ces dernières années des mesures destinées à lutter contre le gaspillage alimentaire

Après la France ou l’Italie, le gouvernement espagnol a présenté mardi 7 juin un projet de loi visant à en finir avec le gaspillage alimentaire. Ce projet prévoit notamment des amendes contre les restaurants et supermarchés jetant de la nourriture.

 

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How to achieve Zero Hunger and reduce emissions from agriculture

The global agri-food sector is facing fundamental challenges, including disruptions to food supply linked to the Russian war in Ukraine, the need to feed an ever-increasing world population in a sustainable manner and the impacts of the climate crisis. To achieve Zero Hunger and a considerable reduction in its GHG emissions by 2030, the sector must increase average agricultural productivity by 28%.

More in the new OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2022-2031: www.agri-outlook.org

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Food Insecurity in Lebanon: Dashboard

Food Insecurity in Lebanon: Dashboard | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it
Lebanon is currently facing marginal food security and low food security where households are facing anxiety over food sufficiency or shortage of food, as well as the reduction in quality and variety of food. This phenomenon is caused due to poverty and the lack of adequate resources. Contributors: Sara Ramadan, Jana El Oud, Wael El Aridi, Mohammad Mohsen, Mahdi Mohammad, Amir Bazzi
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Lebanon's Food Crisis Will Get Worse — Global Issues

Lebanon's Food Crisis Will Get Worse — Global Issues | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it
BEIRUT, Lebanon, Apr 27 (IPS) - Lebanon is perpetually at a crossroads, one where local, regional, and international interests seem to play against each other—all the more so today with the war in Ukraine.
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Desperate Chinese property developer willing to 'swap wheat for house'

Desperate Chinese property developer willing to 'swap wheat for house' | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it
A desperate developer in China's softening property market is coming up with a novel promotion to attract buyers, recently offering to take wheat and garlic as down payments.
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The Impact of Higher Input Prices for Farmers, FOOD SECURITY, and the Planet 

The Impact of Higher Input Prices for Farmers, FOOD SECURITY, and the Planet  | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

The global food price index of the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) made headlines when it reached its all-time record in March. And rightly so, as it suggested an increasingly difficult situation for food security globally, particularly for lower-income consumers who already struggle to afford healthy food and for humanitarian programs challenged to feed a growing number of people facing crisis-level hunger.

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Sustainable farming can revolutionize FOOD SECURITY

Sustainable farming can revolutionize FOOD SECURITY | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it
Farming sustainably means leaving something to the earth rather than destroying agricultural land for years.
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EGYPT, France boost cooperation ahead of COP27

EGYPT, France boost cooperation ahead of COP27 | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it
Egypt and France are boosting their bilateral cooperation, especially with respect to temperature-tolerant and sustainable crops, in the midst of Egypt's preparations to hold the COP27 conference at the end of this year.
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MONDE : Géopolitique : la puissance de l’arme alimentaire

MONDE : Géopolitique : la puissance de l’arme alimentaire | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it
L'alimentation ne sert pas qu'à approvisionner les populations : elle alimente aussi des rêves de puissance à l'international. En Europe, on l'avait un peu oublié, à l'inverse d'autres régions du globe.…
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