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Bilan Agreste 2020 : notre dépendance aux importations persiste malgré la pandémie /

Bilan Agreste 2020 : notre dépendance aux importations persiste malgré la pandémie / | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

La pandémie nous a fait prendre conscience d’une dépendance forte aux échanges, à la production des autres pays. Nous avons manqué de masques, de vaccins, nous avons eu peur de manquer d’alimentation. Pour autant, cette prise de conscience n’a pas révolutionné les politiques agricoles. La constitution de stocks reste un tabou, la relocalisation de l’alimentation n’est vue qu’au travers de l’engouement pour les circuits courts, qui ne concerne pourtant qu’une très petite part de l’alimentation française, et qui reste éphémère.

La note de conjoncture Agreste de février 2021, que nous reproduisons ci-dessous, montre également qu’en 2020, les importations de produits agro-alimentaires sont restées au niveau de 2019. Alors qu’on pouvait s’attendre à une réduction des importations en lien avec la fermeture d’une grande partie de la restauration hors domicile, souvent accusée de ne servir que des viandes d’origine extérieure, on ne constate qu’une très légère diminution des importations de viande et de l’ensemble des produits transformés, et une légère augmentation de fruits, de légumes et d’oléoprotéagineux et du total des produits bruts… La pandémie ne semble pas avoir pas changé nos habitudes de fond.

CIHEAM News's insight:

https://www.agriculture-strategies.eu/wp-content/uploads/2021/04/chapo-agreste.pdf

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MED-Amin network
(Mediterranean Agricultural Information Network) Fostering cooperation and experience sharing among the national information systems on agricultural (cereals) markets in the Mediterranean. The network of 13 countries is coordinated by CIHEAM, and more specifically by its Mediterranean Agronomic Institute (MAI) of Montpellier.
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FranceAgriMer revoit les stocks finaux français à la hausse

FranceAgriMer revoit les stocks finaux français à la hausse | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it
FranceAgriMer a présenté le 9 juin ses prévisions pour la campagne céréalière française, révisant à la hausse les stocks finaux. L’année exceptionnelle a en effet rendu difficiles les prévisions de commercialisation, entrainant ces évolutions habituellement peu fréquentes en fin de campagne. Du côté mondial, les cours semblent se stabiliser.
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Surging trade, record import bills and rising food prices: how the international food system kept a lid on a global health crisis (Special Feature, FAO Food Outlook 2021)

Surging trade, record import bills and rising food prices: how the international food system kept a lid on a global health crisis (Special Feature, FAO Food Outlook 2021) | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

The Special Feature puts recent trends in global food trade under the spotlight, with particular focus on how commodity flows have measured-up during the COVID-19 pandemic. Contrary to widespread predictions of a collapse in global markets, recent data show that trade continues to reach new heights. With rapidly rising international food prices, alternative indicators to better capture this momentum are also presented.

CIHEAM News's insight:

http://newsletters.fao.org/c/1cLOvdGj8hNNj82YmSLuERCfd

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OECD iLibrary | Building Agricultural Resilience to Natural Hazard-induced Disasters: Insights from Country Case Studies

OECD iLibrary | Building Agricultural Resilience to Natural Hazard-induced Disasters: Insights from Country Case Studies | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Natural hazard-induced disasters (NHID), such as floods, droughts, severe storms, and animal pests and diseases have significant, widespread and long-lasting impacts on agricultural sectors around the world. With climate change set to amplify many of these impacts, a “business-as-usual” approach to disaster risk management in agriculture cannot continue if we are to meet the challenges of agricultural productivity and sustainability growth, and sustainable development. Drawing from seven case studies – Chile, Italy, Japan, Namibia, New Zealand, Turkey and the United States – this joint OECD-FAO report argues for a new approach to building resilience to NHID in agriculture. It explores the policy measures, governance arrangements, on-farm strategies and other initiatives that countries are using to increase agricultural resilience to NHID, highlighting emerging good practices. It offers concrete recommendations on what more needs to be done to shift from coping with the impacts of disasters, to an ex ante approach that focuses on preventing and mitigating the impacts of disasters, helping the sector be better prepared to respond to disasters, and to adapt and transform in order to be better positioned for future disasters.

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Tunisie : Portail Open Data du Ministère l'agriculture, des ressources hydrauliques et de la pêche fait peau neuve

Tunisie : Portail Open Data du Ministère l'agriculture, des ressources hydrauliques et de la pêche fait peau neuve | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Agridata.tn est le portail sectoriel des données ouvertes de l'agriculture, des ressources hydrauliques et de la pêche en Tunisie. Il a fait peau neuve!

CIHEAM News's insight:

http://www.agridata.tn/

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The role of the UK food system in meeting global agreements: potential scenarios

The role of the UK food system in meeting global agreements: potential scenarios | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

This scenarios report is based on the outputs of a cross-stakeholder scenarios exercise exploring the role of the UK food system in meeting global agreements. The four plausible food system scenarios highlight the potential opportunities, challenges and trade-offs that could arise during food system transformation, with the aim of stimulating thought and discussion about the future of the UK food system to inform long-term decision-making.

According to the authors, two variables will be decisive: on the one hand, globalization, which could either continue in new forms or experience a deep decline due to geopolitical tensions; on the other hand, the degree to which the SDGs are taken into account, with a focus on strict on the reduction of greenhouse gases (GHG), or a more comprehensive approach including biodiversity, landscapes, health, etc. Four contrasting scenarios result.

CIHEAM News's insight:

https://www.foodsecurity.ac.uk/publications/uk-food-system-scenarios-report.pdf

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Il 7 giugno è la Giornata mondiale della sicurezza alimentare - Fiere & Eventi

Il 7 giugno è la Giornata mondiale della sicurezza alimentare - Fiere & Eventi | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it
Fao, con pandemia più attenzione. Coldiretti, cibi italiani i più sicuri in Europa

(ANSA)
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MENA: Water and cross-sectoral collaboration are key to food system transformations

MENA: Water and cross-sectoral collaboration are key to food system transformations | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

At a series of dialogues convened as part of the UNFSS preparatory process, experts argued that well-managed water systems and cross-sectoral collaboration are critically important measures to transform food systems and protect fragile ecosystems. The dialogues were organized by the CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE), with significant input from the International Water Management Institute (IWMI), the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and many other national, regional and international partners.

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ALGERIE : La Chambre nationale d'agriculture se dote d'un portail électronique.

ALGERIE : La Chambre nationale d'agriculture se dote d'un portail électronique. | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it
La Chambre nationale de l’agriculture (CNA) a lancé jeudi à Alger son portail électronique, dénommé Ghorfati, afin de faciliter l’élaboration d’une cartographie nationale de la production agricole et lutter contre la bureaucratie administrative. « Les statistiques étant la base pour la conception des politiques publiques et des stratégies économiques, il est impossible de continuer à travailler […]
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Nouveau Bulletin 2021-2 de prévision de récolte (mai 2021)

Nouveau Bulletin 2021-2 de prévision de récolte (mai 2021) | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Grâce à la contribution du réseau, et la collaboration bénéfique du CCR, nous sommes en mesure de partager précocément un aperçu général de l'évolution des cultures céréalières dans la région méditerranéenne. Le présent bulletin fournit des prévisions qualitatives de récolte pour la campagne 2020-2021, avec mettant l'accent sur le blé tendre, le blé dur et l'orge. La période de suivi s'étend des semis à fin avril 2021, avec une mise à jour sur les conditions de culture au cours de ces deux derniers mois. Une évaluation finale sera réalisée en juin, pour continuer à suivre les conditions des cultures dans la région méditerranéenne jusqu'à la récolte.

CIHEAM News's insight:

https://www.med-amin.org/fr/ressources/fichiers/docs-communication/reports-rapport/412-bulletin-med-amin-previsions-de-recolte-2021-2/file

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Agricultural trade & policy responses during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020

Agricultural trade & policy responses during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Measures adopted around the world to contain the COVID-19 outbreak helped curb the spread of the virus and lowered the pressure on health systems. However, they also affected the global trading system, and the supply and demand of agricultural and food products. In response to concerns over food security and food safety worldwide, many countries reacted immediately to apply policy measures aiming to limit potentially adverse impacts on domestic markets.

Covering the first half of 2020, the report provides an overview of short-term changes in trade patterns and policy measures related to agricultural trade that countries adopted in response to the pandemic.

Despite the shocks caused by the COVID-19 pandemic and containment measures, the efforts of governments and agricultural sector stakeholders to keep agricultural markets open and trade flowing smoothly contributed to remarkably resilient value chains. Effects on global trade in food and agriculture remained limited to short-term disruptions at the very beginning of the pandemic. 

CIHEAM News's insight:

http://www.fao.org/documents/card/en/c/cb4553en

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FAO - News Article: Global food prices rise at rapid pace in May. FAO Food Price Index posts fastest monthly increase to reach highest value since September 2011

FAO - News Article: Global food prices rise at rapid pace in May. FAO Food Price Index posts fastest monthly increase to reach highest value since September 2011 | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Global food prices rose in May at their fastest monthly rate in more than a decade, even as world cereal production is on course to reach a new record high, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) reported today.

The FAO Food Price Index averaged 127.1 points in May, 4.8 percent higher than in April and 39.7 percent higher than in May 2020.

A surge in the international prices of vegetable oils, sugar and cereals led the increase in the index, which tracks monthly changes in the international prices of commonly-traded food commodities, to its highest value since September 2011 and only 7.6 percent below its all-time peak in nominal terms.

The FAO Cereal Price Index increased 6.0 percent from April, led by international maize prices, which averaged 89.9 percent above their year-earlier value. However, maize prices started to retreat at the end of May, mostly on improved production prospects in the United States of America. International wheat prices also showed a late-month decline but averaged 6.8 percent higher in May than in April, while international rice quotations held steady.

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Crop Monitor for Early Warning No. 61: Published June 3rd, 2021 (Conditions as of May 28th)

Crop Monitor for Early Warning No. 61: Published June 3rd, 2021 (Conditions as of May 28th) | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

In the Middle East and North Africa, conditions for wheat crops are mixed as dry conditions impacted parts of the region, and below-average production is likely in some areas.

Harvesting of winter wheat crops is underway in some countries, and overall conditions are mixed as dry conditions are impacting crop development across the region. Parts of Algeria, northeastern Morocco, northwestern Iraq, and northeastern Syria are unlikely to recover from persistent dryness. There is also continued concern in Syria and Libya due to ongoing conflict and socio-economic challenges.

CIHEAM News's insight:

https://cropmonitor.org/documents/EWCM/reports/EarlyWarning_CropMonitor_202106.pdf

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May 2021 CropWatch Bulletin (Vol.21, No.2)

May 2021 CropWatch Bulletin (Vol.21, No.2) | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

May 2021 CropWatch Bulletin is based mainly on current remote sensing inputs in addition to detailed and spatially accurate reference data about crops and their management. Focusing on the months of January to April 2021, chapters cover global, national, and regional level agroclimatic conditions and the condition of crops that were growing during this time. For China, the bulletin presents crop conditions for each of seven key agro-ecological zones, an updated estimate of trade prospects (import/export) of major crops. The focus section reports on the estimate by CropWatch for maize, rice, wheat and soybeans production in 2021, recent disaster events with an impact on agriculture, and the possibility of an El Niño event.

CIHEAM News's insight:

http://www.cropwatch.com.cn/htm/en/files/20214311737159750.pdf

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La Coordination rurale force la porte de l'interprofession céréalière

La Coordination rurale force la porte de l'interprofession céréalière | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it
Mercredi 14 mars, une centaine de céréaliers de la Coordination rurale ont manifesté devant le siège d’Intercéréales avant de forcer l’accès au hall du bâtiment. Les producteurs réclament l’entrée de leur syndicat au sein de l’interprofession et dénoncent l’orientation exportatrice du plan de filière céréalière, « vouée à faire disparaître les céréaliers français ». Les représentants d’Intercéréales ont promis de proposer, lors de leur prochaine assemblée générale en juin, l’ouverture de deux sièges au syndicat minoritaire.
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FAO - News Article: Global food trade is buoyant, as are prices. FAO’s new Food Outlook report tracks the risks associated with rising import bills amid broad upswing in prices

FAO - News Article: Global food trade is buoyant, as are prices. FAO’s new Food Outlook report tracks the risks associated with rising import bills amid broad upswing in prices | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Global food trade is poised for a resilient year ahead even as international food commodity prices are set to remain high amid supply and demand uncertainties, according to a new report released today by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).

The report notes that trade flows continued to reach new highs during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. In fact, on a global level, trade in agricultural products - particularly less-perishable foods - performed more robustly than the broader merchandise sectors.

That has contributed to drive FAO's provisional forecast for the world food import bill in 2021 to $1.72 trillion, a 12 percent increase from its previous high of$1.53 trillion in 2020.

However, rising prices raise concerns that higher outlays may still mask deteriorating quantitative and qualitative dietary trends in vulnerable countries.

Food Outlook, issued twice a year, offers a detailed assessment of market supply and demand trends for the world's major foodstuffs, including cereals, vegetable oils, sugar, meat and dairy and fish. It also looks at trends in futures markets and shipping costs for food commodities.

Among its findings, measured by the FAO Global Food Consumption Price Indices, is that the average worldwide consumer price of protein in May 2021 was 23 percent above its May 2020 level. Calories, in prices, meanwhile, were up 34 percent year-on-year and hit their highest level since February 2013. The difference reflects stronger price rises for wheat, coarse grains and vegetable oils compared to meats, dairy products and fish.

CIHEAM News's insight:

http://www.fao.org/giews/reports/food-outlook/en/

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OECD iLibrary | Building the resilience of Italy’s agricultural sector to drought

OECD iLibrary | Building the resilience of Italy’s agricultural sector to drought | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Increasingly frequent and severe droughts are threatening Italy’s agricultural sector. With climate change forecast to accelerate these trends, the sector must build long-term resilience. This will require better planning and preparing for, absorbing the impact of, and recovering from droughts, as well as more successfully adapting and transforming in response to these events. Recent positive developments include improved data collection on water supplies and agricultural damage and loss from natural hazards to better inform water management and investment decisions; strengthened commitment to ex ante risk management frameworks; and more participatory approaches for water management. Nevertheless, the agricultural policy portfolio currently underemphasises investments in on-farm preparedness and adaptation, in favour of coping tools such as insurance. Further efforts to build agricultural resilience could benefit from a holistic, long-term sectoral risk management strategy; an evaluation of the trade-offs between spending on risk coping tools versus investments in natural hazard preparedness and measures to mitigate their impacts; and more explicit consideration of farmer demographics and capacities in policy design.

CIHEAM News's insight:

https://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/deliver/799f1ad3-en.pdf?itemId=%2Fcontent%2Fpaper%2F799f1ad3-en&mimeType=pdf

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Severe Drought Continues in U.S. Spring Wheat Country

Severe Drought Continues in U.S. Spring Wheat Country | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Hard red spring (HRS) futures rose $0.85 week-over-week to close at $8.10 per bushel on Friday, June 4, a level nearly $3.00 more per bushel than they were a year ago. Some recent rain in western Canada took some pressure off HRS prices, but severe drought in North Dakota, the top producing HRS state, remains the crucial market factor. AgriCensus on June 8 said the USDA is likely to slash its spring wheat forecast in its June 10 WASDE report, following the prolonged period of drought.

An unusually dry winter with very little snow cover meant that soil moisture was far below average for the state when spring wheat planting started. Dryness persisted through planting, and following very cool conditions, the HRS production region had been in one of the hottest and driest periods in over 30 years. The dry soil makes it hard for rain to absorb into the hard ground when it has come in localized areas, leading to water runoff. The unusual heat causes the moisture to evaporate quickly.

Farmers in the Canadian Prairie Provinces are also experiencing unseasonably hot weather but recently received what was dubbed the “billion-dollar rainfall” for their spring wheat crops.

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Global option space for organic agriculture is delimited by nitrogen availability (Nature Food)

Global option space for organic agriculture is delimited by nitrogen availability (Nature Food) | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Organic agriculture is widely accepted as a strategy to reduce the environmental impacts of food production and help achieve global climate and biodiversity targets. However, studies concluding that organic farming could satisfy global food demand have overlooked the key role that nitrogen plays in sustaining crop yields. Using a spatially explicit biophysical optimization model that accounts for crop growth nitrogen requirements, we show that, in the absence of synthetic nitrogen fertilizers, the production gap between organic and conventional agriculture increases as organic agriculture expands globally (with organic producing 36% less food for human consumption than conventional in a fully organic world). Yet, by targeting both food supply (via a redesign of the livestock sector) and demand (by reducing average per capita caloric intake), public policies could support a transition towards organic agriculture in 40–60% of the global agricultural area even under current nitrogen limitations thus helping to achieve important environmental and health benefits. The ability of organic agriculture to feed the world population remains contentious. A biophysical optimization model indicates the extent to which nitrogen availability could limit the expansion of organic production systems and what measures could alleviate this limitation.

CIHEAM News's insight:

Barbieri, P., Pellerin, S., Seufert, V. et al. Global option space for organic agriculture is delimited by nitrogen availability. Nat Food 2, 363–372 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s43016-021-00276-y

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Participation in Pulses Market session (IGC Conference 2021)

Participation in Pulses Market session (IGC Conference 2021) | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

The MED-Amin Secretariat participated in the Pulses Session during the IGC Conference 2021. Ms. Elen Lemaître-Currin deputy director of CIHEAM Montpellier introduced the pulses market in the Mediterranean region and associated challenges, with a specific focus on Egypt (the major importer of lentils and broadbeans).

Context:

  • On recent and wider awareness as well as growing popularity of healthy and ethical eating, is the current uptake of pulses can go further?
  • How the availability of innovative food products may led to more use of pulses in the processing sector
  • As the prospects of pulses market looks up, it is worthwhile to enhance the market transparency on the sustained demand or fall back, the supply situation and developments ...
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ALGERIE : Importations algériennes de blé : Vers une augmentation de plus de 17%

ALGERIE : Importations algériennes de blé : Vers une augmentation de plus de 17% | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it
Etant un grand importateur de blé tendre dans le monde, avec des quantités dépassant les 5,5 millions de tonnes par an, l’Algérie devrait voir sa facture en hausse de 17% durant la campagne de commercialisation de 2021/2022.
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New Release: MED-Amin Newsletter 35 - May 2021

New Release: MED-Amin Newsletter 35 - May 2021 | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

We are pleased to release the Newsletter #35 Mar./Apr. 2021.

--> https://www.med-amin.org/fr/ressources/fichiers/newsletters/410-med-amin-newsletter-35-mar-apr-2021/file

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AMIS Market Monitor June 2021

AMIS Market Monitor June 2021 | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Despite an overall favourable production outlook, global supplies of AMIS crops could still prove vulnerable in 2021/22, in particular because of uncertainties relating to demand from the feed and industrial sectors. The month of May registered yet another increase in international prices of most food commodities, underpinned by brisk trade and a weaker dollar. The coming months will be critical for how food markets evolve. Global grain and soybean inventories could prove barely sufficient in case of a major production shortfall, while a speedier recovery in global economic activity could spur demand for these crops at a much faster rate than currently anticipated.

CIHEAM News's insight:

http://www.amis-outlook.org/fileadmin/user_upload/amis/docs/Market_monitor/AMIS_Market_Monitor_current.pdf

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World cereal markets heading towards a record production in 2021/22 but only a marginal increase foreseen for stocks. FAO Cereal Supply and Demand Brief

World cereal markets heading towards a record production in 2021/22 but only a marginal increase foreseen for stocks. FAO Cereal Supply and Demand Brief | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Current prospects for world cereal production point to a third successive year of moderate growth, with FAO’s first forecast for the world cereal output in 2021 now pegged at nearly 2 821 million tonnes (including rice in milled equivalent), a new record and 1.9 percent above the outturn in 2020. The bulk of this year’s foreseen growth relates to maize, with output anticipated up 3.7 percent from 2020. Global wheat production is also expected to increase, up 1.4 percent year on year, while rice production is set to go up by 1.0 percent.  

World cereal utilization in 2021/22 is expected to expand by 1.7 percent, to a new peak of 2 826 million tonnes. Total cereal food consumption is forecast to rise in tandem with world population, resulting in a stable annual per capita level of 150 kg. As for animal feed use of cereals, similar to 2020/21, a notable feature is an anticipated continued growth in the use of wheat for feed, which is seen to rise to 156 million tonnes, still well below the ...

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Crop Monitor for AMIS No. 84: Published June 3rd, 2021 Conditions as of May 28th

Crop Monitor for AMIS No. 84: Published June 3rd, 2021 Conditions as of May 28th | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

As of the end of May, conditions are generally favourable for wheat, maize, rice, and soybeans with only some areas of concern. For wheat in the northern hemisphere, winter wheat is entering the critical reproductive stage while spring wheat sowing is beginning. For maize, harvesting is continuing in the southern hemisphere while sowing is proceeding in the northern hemisphere. Rice conditions are generally favourable in southeast Asia while harvesting is wrapping up in India and sowing begins in China. Soybean harvesting is ongoing in the southern hemisphere while sowing begins in the northern hemisphere.

CIHEAM News's insight:

https://cropmonitor.org/documents/AMIS/reports/AMIS_CropMonitor_202106.pdf

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Overexpression of an Agave Phosphoenolpyruvate Carboxylase Improves Plant Growth and Stress Tolerance. Single gene boosts climate resilience, yield and carbon capture in crops

Overexpression of an Agave Phosphoenolpyruvate Carboxylase Improves Plant Growth and Stress Tolerance. Single gene boosts climate resilience, yield and carbon capture in crops | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it
It has been challenging to simultaneously improve photosynthesis and stress tolerance in plants. Crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) is a CO2-concentrating mechanism that facilitates plant adaptation to water-limited environments. We hypothesized that the ectopic expression of a CAM-specific phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPC), an enzyme that catalyzes primary CO2 fixation in CAM plants, would enhance both photosynthesis and abiotic stress tolerance. To test this hypothesis, we engineered a CAM-specific PEPC gene (named AaPEPC1) from Agave americana into tobacco. In comparison with wild-type and empty vector controls, transgenic tobacco plants constitutively expressing AaPEPC1 showed a higher photosynthetic rate and biomass production under normal conditions, along with significant carbon metabolism changes in malate accumulation, the carbon isotope ratio δ13C, and the expression of multiple orthologs of CAM-related genes. Furthermore, AaPEPC1 overexpression enhanced proline biosynthesis, and improved salt and drought tolerance in the transgenic plants. Under salt and drought stress conditions, the dry weight of transgenic tobacco plants overexpressing AaPEPC1 was increased by up to 81.8% and 37.2%, respectively, in comparison with wild-type plants. Our findings open a new door to the simultaneous improvement of photosynthesis and stress tolerance in plants.
CIHEAM News's insight:

https://www.mdpi.com/2073-4409/10/3/582/pdf

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