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MED-Amin network
(Mediterranean Agricultural Information Network) Fostering cooperation and experience sharing among the national information systems on agricultural (cereals) markets in the Mediterranean. The network of 13 countries is coordinated by CIHEAM, and more specifically by its Mediterranean Agronomic Institute (MAI) of Montpellier.
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Lebanon considers first wheat imports in six years

Lebanon considers first wheat imports in six years | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Daily Star, 07/04 - Lebanon’s government is considering importing wheat for the first time since 2014, weighing its dwindling supply of dollars against concerns that the coronavirus may threaten the nation’s food security.

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Australian wheat share grows in south-east Asia

Australian wheat share grows in south-east Asia | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Sunraysiadaily.com, 05/03/2019 - The Australian wheat industry is looking to Myanmar as an increasingly important and valued market in the South-East Asian region.

Australia holds almost 90 per cent of the Myanmar wheat market, having doubled exports from 200,000 tonnes in 2012 to 400,000 tonnes, worth $117 million, in 2017.

To maintain Australia’s dominance of this market as it continues to grow, the Australian Export Grain Innovation Centre (AEGIC) has ...

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South Africa's Government has taken steps to increase local wheat production

South Africa's Government has taken steps to increase local wheat production | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By Bekezela Phakathi (Business Live), 27/02/2019 - Agricultural Research Council is conducting breeding programmes for the grain, MPs told.

High production costs, fluctuating commodity prices, climate change and outbreaks of pests and diseases have caused a significant drop in wheat production in SA.

Wheat is the second-most important grain crop produced in SA after maize. However, local production averages 2.3-million tons, far below the levels of consumption. To meet demand, SA imports about 1.7-million tons of wheat annually.

The department of agriculture, forestry & fisheries is concerned about the low levels of local wheat production.

The department “supports wheat producers with technical advice, which includes [that about] cultivar choice, production site selection, soil preparation, cultivation practices, pest and disease control measures, harvesting, as well as post-harvest practices”, agriculture minister Senzeni Zokwana said in a written reply to a question from African Christian Democratic Party (ACDP) MP Cheryllyn Dudley.

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Australian wheat output falls to 11-year low

Australian wheat output falls to 11-year low | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

World Grain, 20/02/2019 - Wheat production in Australia fell to an 11-year low during the 2018-19 season, according to a recent report from the Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics (ABARES). The final wheat harvest total for the year was 17.3 million tonnes, down from 21.2 million tonnes the previous year, according to ABARES. It marks Australia’s smallest wheat crop since 2007-08, when output was 13.6 million tonnes. The decline in production in 2018-19 was due to a drought that affected New South Wales and . . .

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Plant Breeding Innovation Benefits the Entire Wheat Supply Chain

Plant Breeding Innovation Benefits the Entire Wheat Supply Chain | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it
By Elizabeth Westendorf, USW Assistant Director of Policy This week, Wageningan University —one of the top agricultural universities in the world, located in the Netherlands —issued a press release about their research on using gene editing to produce “gluten safe” wheat so that individuals with Celiac disease can enjoy wheat products. It is possible to …
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India’s wheat production may cross record 100 MT in 2018-19

India’s wheat production may cross record 100 MT in 2018-19 | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

by Kashmir Reader, 25/01/2019 - India’s wheat production might cross 100 million tonne, an all-time high level, in the current rabi season, helped by good weather conditions during winter, a senior government official on Thursday said.
Wheat production stood at record 99.70 million tonne in the 2017-18 crop year (July-June).
“Wheat production is estimated to cross 100 million tonne based on the feedback we are getting from state governments,” Agriculture Commissioner S K Malhotra told reporters here.

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Deux bonnes récoltes de céréales et un record à l’import au Maroc

Deux bonnes récoltes de céréales et un record à l’import au Maroc | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

L'import des céréales explose! En 2018, la facture a crevé le plafond à 12,8 milliards de dirhams. Et les deux tiers ont concerné les achats de blé. Le reste a été dédié à l’importation du maïs dont le pays est importateur net. Ceci, intervient après deux campagnes record. L’explication tient en partie à la structure des écrasements des minoteries qui font toujours une large place au blé d’importation. Au-delà, c’est la difficulté à transformer la filière céréalière.

Repères

  • 200 kg de consommation de blé/habitant/an: 3 fois plus que la moyenne mondiale!
  • Un coût moyen annuel à l’import de 8 milliards de DH (moyenne 2008-2018)
  • 66 millions de quintaux importés dont 38 millions de blé
  • 55% des besoins en céréales couverts par la production locale (moyenne 2007-2017)
  • 83 millions de quintaux de production des céréales (moyenne 2008-2018)
  • 96,8 millions de quintaux en 2017-2018, dont 50% de blé tendre
  • 17 millions de quintaux de blé tendre collectés en 2017-2018.
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L’agriculture commerciale présente un risque pour le système alimentaire mondial

L’agriculture commerciale présente un risque pour le système alimentaire mondial | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Ecofin Hebdo, 25/01/2019 - Environ 50% des calories d’origine végétale présente dans l’alimentation humaine, proviennent de trois céréales: le riz, le blé, et le maïs. A elle trois, ces cultures occupent 583 millions d’hectares, soit 5 830 000 kilomètres carrés. Ceci représente environ la superficie combinée de l’Algérie, la République démocratique du Congo, et l’Ethiopie.

Selon une étude du World Economic Forum, le cas de ces céréales est symptomatique des dérives de l’agriculture commerciale. En effet, sur environ 30 000 espèces végétales comestibles, seulement 170 le sont à une échelle commerciale.

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Russian influence key in U.S. wheat area decline

Russian influence key in U.S. wheat area decline | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By Josh Sosland (World Grain), 02/01/2019 — In a Dec. 6 posting, Kansas Wheat indicated wheat acreage in the state will likely be down from 2018; in fact, planted area may be the smallest in 100 years. Wet weather during planting season has been identified as a culprit in keeping growers from their fields. But 2018 is hardly the first year rainy or snowy weather has interfered with wheat growers during planting season — many more influences have brought about wheat area atrophy in Kansas and across the United States.

One factor gaining attention has been the sluggish improvement in wheat yields versus those for corn and soybeans. The second reason comes from the emergence of Russia and Ukraine as major grain exporters. While the nations have been gaining prominence as exporters for many years, the transformative heights achieved over the past few bear note.

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Progression comparée des rendements moyens français du blé tendre et du maïs grain (1960-2017)

Progression comparée des rendements moyens français du blé tendre et du maïs grain (1960-2017) | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Agreste, décembre 2018

L'opinion répandue :

« La productivité des maïs augmente régulièrement mais celle du blé tendre stagne ».

L'Académie d'Agriculture de France nous donne son analyse.

CIHEAM News's insight:

Pour en savoir plus, téléchargez le rapport https://www.academie-agriculture.fr/sites/default/files/publications/encyclopedie/repere_france_ble_mais_progression_comparee_des_rendements_1960-2017.pdf

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To Ag or Not to Ag - EU/USA trade links from the US point of view

To Ag or Not to Ag - EU/USA trade links from the US point of view | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By Ben Conner, USW Vice President of Policy, 13/12/2018.

To Ag. That is obviously the answer. The question is if the trade negotiations between the United States and the European Union should include agriculture at all. We already covered that in August after the two governments agreed to begin negotiations.

This week, the U.S. Wheat Associates (USW) submitted comments to the U.S. Trade Representative on wheat growers’ priorities for the negotiations. One of the priority, of course, is that the negotiations should cover agricultural products like wheat. That would avoid running afoul of WTO rules requiring free trade agreements to cover substantially all trade. It would also avoid a likely quick death in the U.S. Congress should an agreement without agriculture be presented to it.

Assuming those issues are addressed, USW wants to see protective EU wheat tariffs eliminated. Most EU imports from the United States are duty-free, but only for wheat that meets certain quality thresholds. Full tariff elimination would benefit buyers in the EU who may see opportunities to import U.S. wheat with different qualities.

The most significant challenges U.S. wheat growers currently face in the EU are non-tariff barriers also designed primarily to protect EU wheat producers. Pesticide residue and plant breeding regulations, phytosanitary tests and labeling requirements can disrupt U.S. wheat imports and create additional market uncertainty. A comprehensive agreement with the EU is long overdue and should end this sea of troubles.

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India's 2019 wheat output could fall from record on scanty rains

India's 2019 wheat output could fall from record on scanty rains | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By Times Now News, 02/12/2018

Local wheat prices have risen more than 15 per cent in the last five months on the low rainfall levels and as depreciation in the rupee made imports more expensive.

India's wheat production could fall in 2019 from record output this year as lower moisture levels and higher temperatures in key growing regions are threatening yields of the winter-sown crop, farmers and analysts told Reuters. A drop in output could lift local wheat prices and force the world's second-biggest producer to reduce import taxes on the grain to augment supply. Higher imports from India could support global wheat prices, while a local price increase could calm angry farmers in northern India.

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World wheat production problems come to the fore

World wheat production problems come to the fore | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By Drew Lerner (World Grain), 26/11/2018

Just a couple of years ago this meteorologist had his hands slapped for trying to make an issue out of world wheat production problems. The word was that there was too much wheat in the world and that a focus on that crop was a waste of time.

Today, of course, the trade has a little different mindset. Smaller crops in Australia, Canada, Europe and Russia this year allowed the commodity “trade” winds to blow from a different direction. Now that everyone thinks there is a problem the question that begs to be answered is, “Can world wheat production potentials improve?”.

This review points out the current and future difficulties occurring in the most productive regions of the world...

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Le cours du blé rebondit à Chicago

Le cours du blé rebondit à Chicago | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Terre-net.fr, 06/03/2019 - Le cours du blé a nettement rebondi mardi à Chicago après un récent plongeon de plus de 13 %, la hausse s'avérant avant tout d'ordre technique, au même titre que pour le maïs, tandis que le soja a cédé du terrain.

e cours du blé a connu un très mauvais mois de février et on voit simplement le cours rebondir de manière technique », a commenté Dax Wedemeyer, de US Commodities, qui observe un retour des investisseurs pariant sur une hausse du cours. Le prix du boisseau de blé pour livraison en mai, le plus échangé actuellement, avait perdu plus de 13 % entre le 13 février et la clôture de lundi, touchant même à cette occasion son plus bas niveau depuis que ce contrat est échangé, à 4,55 dollars le boisseau. Mais mardi, le boisseau de blé a terminé à 4,63 dollars, soit une hausse de 1,59 %.

« On a besoin de voir un peu d'action » sur le dossier de la guerre commerciale, a indiqué mardi Steve Georgy, de la maison de courtage Allendale, en référence aux informations de presse ayant évoqué dimanche la perspective d'un accord d'ici à la fin du mois. Un avis partagé par les analystes de CHS Hedging qui ont pointé « l'absence de nouvelles après les gros titres de lundi ».

Plus généralement, les investisseurs s'impatientent après que les membres de l'administration américaine ont vanté à de multiples reprises ces dernières semaines l'avancée dans les négociations et évoqué l'imminence d'un accord, sans que cela ne se matérialise toutefois dans les faits.

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Researchers Working On GMO Wheat That Can Be Safely Consumed By Individuals With Celiac Illness

Researchers Working On GMO Wheat That Can Be Safely Consumed By Individuals With Celiac Illness | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Infosurhoy, 28/02/2019 - Having celiac disease meant fewer food options for people with the condition. However, scientists have created a variety of wheat that will not only be safe to eat, but also pave the way for the development of new treatments.

In the United States, more than 2 million people have celiac disease... And there is currently no treatment for celiac disease... People who have the condition can only avoid food that triggers their symptoms, including nausea, vomiting, constipation, weight loss, fatigue, and depression/anxiety. Some take an enzyme supplement before every meal to avoid feeling sick.

However, researchers might have made a major leap forward for people who have celiac disease. A study published in the January issue of Functional and Integrative Genomics detailed a new genotype of wheat that has built-in enzymes that could break down the proteins that cause adverse effects on the body.

The researchers were able to create a new variety of wheat by introducing a new DNA into the grain. The new variety, they stated, contains enzymes from barley and a bacteria called Flavobacterium meningosepticum. These enzymes have the capacity to break down gluten in the digestive system without triggering an immune response in the small intestine.

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Culture du blé et changement climatique, les variétés sahariennes sont la solution

Culture du blé et changement climatique, les variétés sahariennes sont la solution | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

WikiAgri, 25/02/2019 - Isolées, les caractéristiques des variétés sahariennes pourraient être transposées dans les variétés cultivées dans les grands bassins céréaliers de l’hémisphère nord pour les rendre plus résistantes au changement climatique.

Les populations de blé oasiennes (terme préféré à celui de variété car leurs critères ne sont pas spécifiquement définis) possèdent déjà les caractéristiques, dont les prochaines variétés de céréales cultivées dans les grands bassins céréaliers devront être dotées, pour que les agriculteurs des grands bassins de l’hémisphère nord poursuivent leurs cultures avec l’assurance d’obtenir de bons rendements. De nos jours, les conditions climatiques de plus en plus rudes, caractérisées entre autres par des pics de chaleur et des déficits hydriques importants, génèrent des baisses de production en quantité et en qualité.

Les céréales oasiennes cultivées depuis 5 000 ans résultent de sélections inter et intra-spécifiques, opérées entre populations d’origines différentes (inde, Moyen-Orient, etc.). Or comme « l’échange de semences avec d’autres régions du monde est resté limité jusqu’au siècle dernier, les populations de blé sahariennes ayant subi de fortes pressions de sélection naturelle liée aux contraintes particulières des oasis (chocs thermiques, sécheresse et salinité) ont alors développé une tolérance notable à ces stress abiotiques », écrivent Alain P. Bonjean, Philippe Monneveux et Maria Zaharieva, contributeurs de la 25e édition du Déméter (1). Autrement dit, la nature a sélectionné en quelques sortes ses propres modifications génétiques pour disposer de plantes résistantes à des conditions extrêmes !

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Egypt’s Wheat Tenders – A Public Notice Board For Black Sea Grain Notations?

Egypt, the world’s biggest wheat importer, is the largest market for Black Sea wheat exports. Half of Egypt’s wheat imports are purchased by its government’s General Authority for Supply of Commodities (GASC), employing a tender system. Based on a unique data base of GASC tender prices, the price relationships between the GASC tender and Black Sea wheat exporters (Russia, Ukraine, Romania and Kazakhstan) and also France and the USA are investigated. Results of linear and threshold vector error correction models suggest that export prices in the Black Sea region continuously and rapidly adjust to GASC tender prices, while the GASC tender price only adjusts to the French export price. Obviously, the GASC tender price has the function of a wheat world market price in the Black Sea region. Also, the GASC tender system creates strong price competition between the Black Sea exporters and France. We trace this back to the fact that the GASC tender system enhances transparency about competitive prices of the Black Sea wheat market, where an effective price discovery mechanism is still missing.

CIHEAM News's insight:

Download here http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/275853/files/Vortrag_157.pdf

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Trop de mycotoxines dans le pain ?

Trop de mycotoxines dans le pain ? | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Terre-net, 24/01/2019 - Additifs, résidus de produits phytosanitaires ou encore mycotoxines : certains pains contiennent des substances controversées, avertit jeudi la revue 60 Millions de consommateurs, qui précise que les quantités détectées respectent, dans la plupart des cas, les limites réglementaires.

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Les marchés agricoles doivent concilier filières locales et export

Les marchés agricoles doivent concilier filières locales et export | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Filières locales et marchés mondiaux : dans les années à venir, les filières agricoles françaises devront jouer sur ces deux tableaux, qui peuvent paraître antagonistes. La valorisation des différentes productions en dépend.

La valorisation des productions agricoles, un enjeu majeur pour les filières françaises dans les années à venir, s'est retrouvé au centre des débats du dernier colloque de la Fédération du commerce agricole et agroalimentaire (FC2A), fin 2018. Pour y répondre, les produits agricoles français « doivent monter en gamme » ont estimé plusieurs intervenants, notamment le député LREM Jean-Baptiste Moreau ou l'agriculteur Jean-Paul Kihm.

Et cela passe par la diversification des exploitations et le développement des circuits de proximité. Par exemple, des filières comme celle du "blé CRC" (créée en 1990, au départ pour l'alimentation des bébés, cette démarche est devenue une véritable filière en 2000 avec, en 2014, le lancement de la marque "le blé de nos campagnes, 100 % français, 100 % certifié, 100 % responsable") permettent de s'orienter vers « des marchés plus exigeants ». 

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Egypt’s self-sufficiency rate of wheat stood at 34.5% in 2017

Egypt’s self-sufficiency rate of wheat stood at 34.5% in 2017 | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

UkrAgroConsult, 28/01/2019 - Egypt’s self-sufficiency rate of rice reached 94.2% in 2017, with an average rice consumption per capita of 38.7 kg versus 34.7 kg in 2016, an increase of 11.5%,” the Central Agency for Public Mobilisation and Statistics (CAPMAS) announced in its annual bulletin of production movement, foreign trade, and available agriculture commodities for consumption in 2017.

It continued that the self-sufficiency rate of wheat stood at 34.5% in 2017 with an average wheat consumption per capita of 163.9 kg versus 137.8 kg in 2016, an increase of 18.9%.

 

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Decline in climate resilience of European wheat

Decline in climate resilience of European wheat | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Published in issue on 2 January 2019 on National Academy of Sciences - Food security under climate change depends on the yield performance of staple food crops. We found a decline in the climate resilience of European wheat in most countries during the last 5 to 15 y, depending on the country. The yield responses of all the cultivars to different weather events were relatively similar within northern and central Europe, within southern European countries, and specifically regarding durum wheat. We also found serious Europe-wide gaps in wheat resilience, especially regarding yield performance under abundant rain. Climate resilience is currently not receiving the attention it deserves by breeders, seed and wheat traders, and farmers. Consequently, the results provide insights into the required learning tools, economic incentives, and role of public actors.

According to the authors, the causes of this decline in climate resilience of wheat are to be found in the economic incentives of breeders, which favor the maximization of potential yield to the detriment of robustness to hazards. Far from opposing, these two dimensions should, for them, be complementary, and agricultural policy and seed regulations have a role to play to ensure the necessary incentives in this area.

CIHEAM News's insight:
PNAS January 2, 2019 116 (1) 123-128; published ahead of print December 24, 2018 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1804387115
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Evolution du rendement moyen annuel du blé France entière de 1815 à 2018 | Académie d'Agriculture de France

Evolution du rendement moyen annuel du blé France entière de 1815 à 2018 | Académie d'Agriculture de France | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Académie d'Agriculture de france, novembre 2018

L'opinion répandue : « L’abandon des moyens mis au service de la production après 1950 tels que variétés modernes, produits de synthèse, etc... n’aurait que peu de conséquences sur la productivité du blé tendre. »

L'Académie d'Agriculture de France nous donne son analyse à ce sujet et finit par " s’interroger sur l’impact que pourrait avoir sur la productivité un abandon des variétés de blé modernes et des produits de synthèse, ce qui pourrait conduire rapidement à rendre notre pays dépendant des importations, situation qui prévalait avant 1950."

CIHEAM News's insight:

Pour en savoir plus, téléchargez le rapport https://www.academie-agriculture.fr/sites/default/files/publications/encyclopedie/repere_france_rendement_moyen_du_ble_tendre_1815-2018_vf.pdf

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Le Maroc a supprimé les droits de douane pour le blé russe

Le Maroc a supprimé les droits de douane pour le blé russe | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

AgriMaroc, 13/12/2018 - Les exportations de produits agricoles russes au Maroc ont été multipliées par 2,5 pour atteindre 86,5 millions de dollars, principalement en raison de la croissance des exportations de blé et d'huiles végétales.

Le ministre russe de l’Agriculture Dmitri Patrouchev, a déclaré en octobre dernier , aux journalistes que les échanges entre la Russie et le Maroc s’étaient élevés au cours de la première moitié de 2018 à 900 millions de dollars, soit 20% de plus que l’année dernière à la même période.

Selon Sputnik, l’ambassadeur russe à Rabat, Valerian Shouvaev, a annoncé un changement concernant la taxe sur les céréales importées au Maroc depuis la Russie.

«Nos amis marocains ont déjà abaissé la taxe sur les céréales à zéro pour nous […]. Bien sûr, c’est une bonne nouvelle parce que les exportations de céréales au Maroc sont l’une des principales exportations russes au Maroc. Cela nous donne davantage de possibilité d’augmenter le volume des livraisons et, en général, de développer nos échanges commerciaux», a souligné l’ambassadeur.

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Gov't announces wheat cultivated areas rise to 1.5M feddans in winter

Gov't announces wheat cultivated areas rise to 1.5M feddans in winter | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By Egypt Today, 01/12/2018

The size of wheat cultivated areas increased to 1.5 million feddans at the beginning of this year's winter season as there is a target to reach 3.4 million feddans, according to a report by the Ministry of Agriculture.

The ministry told press on Saturday that subsidized fertilizers are provided to farmers cultivating wheat, and that it is running awareness campaigns to encourage more wheat cultivation.

The ministry has also launched inspection campaigns on vegetable crops, especially tomato and potato crops, to follow up on productivity, provide needed guidelines and instructions, and avoid the repercussions of climate change.

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GASC sets basic commodities tenders’ delivery in January

GASC sets basic commodities tenders’ delivery in January | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By Ahmed Lamloum (The Daily News Egypt), 27/11/2018

Egypt’s state grains’ buyer, the General Authority for Supply Commodities (GASC), announced the winning bid of Egypt’s first international rice buying tender on Tuesday, while it seeks to launch two vegetable oils and wheat international purchasing tenders for delivery in January.

The rice tender will be approved by the Minister of Supply, Ali Moselhy, after testing rice samples that were submitted by the bidders, a source in the ministry told Daily News Egypt. The financial offers of this tender were between $419.7 and $444 per tonne.

Also, Egypt is the world’s biggest wheat importer as it consumes 100bn of bread loaves annually. The Egyptian people spend EGP 5bn while the government pays EGP 60bn in subsidies for the bakery owners, according to Finance Minister Mohamed Moeit.

In an interview with Ahram newspaper on Saturday, Moeit said there will be no change in “the bread subsidy system no matter how much cost the country has to bear”.

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