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MED-Amin network
(Mediterranean Agricultural Information Network) Fostering cooperation and experience sharing among the national information systems on agricultural (cereals) markets in the Mediterranean. The network of 13 countries is coordinated by CIHEAM, and more specifically by its Mediterranean Agronomic Institute (MAI) of Montpellier.
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Value Adding Pathways in Agriculture and Food Trade

Value Adding Pathways in Agriculture and Food Trade | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

OECD Food, Agriculture and Fisheries Papers - Global value chains (GVCs) in agriculture and food sectors have the potential to influence trading relationships and the gains from trade for different sectors along the value chain. This report explores the way in which value from trade and GVC participation is created for the agriculture...

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DOI:https://doi.org/10.1787/bb8bb93d-en

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The impacts of Brexit on agricultural trade, food consumption, and diet-related mortality in the UK

The British withdrawal from the EU is expected to lead to significant changes in the UK’s trade relationships with the EU and with other countries who currently have trade agreements with the EU. This could have large impacts on the British food system and diet-related risk factors because the majority of the domestic demand, e.g. for fruits, vegetables, and some meats, is currently met by imports. Here we analyse the potential implications of Brexit for changes in agricultural trade, food consumption, and chronic disease mortality related to changes in dietary risk factors.

Whilst the precise conditions of Brexit and Britain’s future trade regime are uncertain, we show that negative health impacts related to changes in agricultural trade and national food consumption can be expected under a range of possible future trade scenarios. The mechanisms behind these estimates reflect fundamental challenges to the British food system after Brexit. With its large import dependence, in particular of fruits and vegetables, any increase in trade costs can be expected to negatively impact the availability and consumption of foods that are critical components of healthy diets and chronic-disease prevention.

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Les ports normands misent sur une hausse du trafic

Les ports normands misent sur une hausse du trafic | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

AFP, 22/01/2019 - Les ports français de Cherbourg, Caen/Ouistreham et Dieppe (nord-ouest) misent sur une hausse de leur trafic et vont investir 20 à 30 millions d'euros d'ici trois ans en cas de Brexit sans accord, a-t-on appris mardi auprès de Ports de Normandie, le syndicat mixte qui les gère.

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Turkey facing economic challenges

Turkey facing economic challenges | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By Dr. Hikmet Boyacioglu (World Grain), 03/01/2019 — Economic instability has increased in recent months in many parts of the world due to the trade war between the world’s two superpowers — China and the United States — and lower investor confidence, according to global market research company Euromonitor International. Turkey, the world’s leading flour exporter, has been affected by rising trade tensions and a stronger U.S. dollar. “The Turkish lira and Argentine peso have led the decline in emerging market currencies against the U.S. dollar due in part to multiple rate hikes by the Fed, including three in 2018,” the CME Group said.

Due to weakness of the Turkish lira, the cost of imported Russian wheat, used in the production of export flour, exceeded Turkey’s domestic wheat price in August...

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Le marché algérien échappe à la France: l'Argentine entre en jeux

Le marché algérien échappe à la France: l'Argentine entre en jeux | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Par Khaled Bel (Observ'Algérie), 18/12/2018

La France perd le marché algérien. Cette conclusion faites par les spécialistes est tirées des nouvelles stratégies de l'Algérie visant à diversifier ses sources d’approvisionnement. Ainsi, le monopole des français sur plusieurs secteurs d’importations algériennes, notamment les céréales, relève du passé.

Si la Russie affiche sa volonté de déboulonner la France du marché algérien des céréales, l’Argentine entre en jeu grâce à ses avantages concurrentiels. En effet, l’Algérie a acheté une cargaison de 40 000 tonnes de blé argentin. L’Office algérien des Aliments du Bétail (ONAB) a lancé un appel d’offre visant un total de 80 000 tonnes de blé, réparti sur deux cargaisons, pour le mois de décembre.

La démarche de l’Algérie visant sortir de son dépendance vis-à-vis du fournisseur français est en marche. Des négociations avec les autorités russes ont été initiées par le ministère de l’Agriculture concernant l’importation de blé tendre russe.

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Hausse des céréales européennes et attente d'une baisse des exportations russes

Hausse des céréales européennes et attente d'une baisse des exportations russes | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

AFP, 17/12/2018

Les cours des céréales étaient en hausse, lundi à la mi-journée, alors que les opérateurs prévoient une baisse des exportations russes et une détérioration des récoltes en Argentine.

La fermeté des cours origine mer Noire se propage sur l'ensemble des marchés, et les récentes pluies sur l'Argentine laissent craindre une dégradation qualitative des blés sur cette origine, qui deviendra notre principal compétiteur en début d'année 2019 sur la destination Maghreb notamment », indique le cabinet Agritel dans une note. Par ailleurs, à la Bourse de Chicago, de nouvelles rumeurs de baisse des exportations russes ont offert la semaine passée un soutien au blé américain, susceptible d'être rendu plus attractif si cette hypothèse se confirmait.

Vers 12h30 (11h30 GMT) sur le marché à terme européen Euronext, la tonne de blé était en hausse de 1 euro à 207,75 euros, et de 1,25 euro sur l'échéance de mai à 209 euros, avec un peu moins de 10 200 lots échangés. À la même heure, la tonne de maïs gagnait 1 euro à 176,50 euros sur l'échéance de janvier, et 1,75 euro sur celle de mars à 179,25 euros, pour 660 lots échangés.

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CBOT wheat futures higher on US sale to Egypt

CBOT wheat futures higher on US sale to Egypt | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By Reuters, 28/11/2018

Chicago Board of Trade wheat futures closed higher on Monday as geopolitical tension in the Black Sea region and confirmation of US wheat sales to Egypt sparked a round of short-covering, traders said. CBOT December soft red winter wheat settled up 7-3/4 cents at $5.07-1/2 per bushel. K.C. December hard red winter wheat ended up 3-1/4 cents at $4.64-1/2 a bushel and MGEX December spring wheat rose 2-3/4 cents at $5.77. The US Department of Agriculture confirmed that private exporters sold 120,000 tonnes of US soft red winter wheat to Egypt for delivery in the 2018/19 marketing year. Escalating tension between Russia and Ukraine could slow grain exports from the Black Sea region, analysts said. Russia ignored Western calls to release three Ukrainian naval ships it had fired on and captured near Crimea over the weekend. The USDA reported export inspections of US wheat in the latest week at 252,489 tonnes, below a range of trade expectations for 350,000 to 600,000 tonnes. Ahead of the

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I.G.C. lowers world flour trade outlook

I.G.C. lowers world flour trade outlook | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Par Arvin Donley, Baking Business, 27/11/2018

World wheat flour trade for 2018-19 was revised downward by 100,000 tonnes of wheat equivalent (less than 1%) by the International Grains Council but is still in line with last year’s estimated total of 17.1 million tonnes.

The I.G.C. released its quarterly forecast on Nov. 22 as part of its monthly Grain Market Review report. In August, the I.G.C. forecast 2018-19 global flour trade at 17.2 million tonnes.

 “Although only a limited amount of information is so far available, volumes by the main flour exporters (mostly covering June through September) are generally below last season, particularly to sub-Saharan Africa and Pacific Asia,” the I.G.C. said.

In the war-torn Middle East, imports are trending upward, the I.G.C. noted. “In contrast, tonnage shipped to (the Middle East) is slightly higher year on year, where local agricultural production and flour processing continue to be affected by conflict in some countries,” the I.G.C. said.

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Maize imports and no-deal Brexit worries undermine wheat price

Maize imports and no-deal Brexit worries undermine wheat price | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By Jonathan Riley (Farmers Weekly), 15/11/2018

Maize imports, ethanol plant closures and the looming potential of a no-deal Brexit are putting pressure on wheat prices, according to grain traders.

Maize imports are up by one-third and have broken the 540,000t mark since July, HMRC figures show.

In the first three months of this year’s season (July-September 2018) the UK imported 544,000t of maize.

“Because wheat and maize purchases are already on the books, imports will continue to arrive through to next April,” Mr Bright said.

“It means we will have gone from a tight supply to an exportable surplus,” he suggested.

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Un stockage géant de pesticides crée l’inquiétude dans la région de Rouen

Un stockage géant de pesticides crée l’inquiétude dans la région de Rouen | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Par Le Monde, 07/11/2018

L’installation classée Seveso du groupe agroalimentaire Cap Seine, qui peut accueillir jusqu’à 4 150 tonnes de produits, présente des risques pour l’approvisionnement en eau potable.

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Wheat sags as weak exports, firm dollar prompt fund selling

Wheat sags as weak exports, firm dollar prompt fund selling | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By Julie Ingwersen (Reuters), 25/10/2018

U.S. wheat futures fell more than 2% on 25/10, with the benchmark December contract on the Chicago Board of Trade hitting its lowest in nine months, as sluggish export demand and a strong dollar prompted fund liquidation, analysts said. Corn and soybean futures also sank on poor weekly U.S. export sales data coupled with seasonal pressure from the advancing U.S. harvest. CBOT December wheat settled down 12-1/4 cents at $4.87-1/4 per bushel after dipping to $4.85-1/2, the contract's lowest level since Jan. 24 and the lowest for a most active wheat contract since mid-July. CBOT December corn ended down 7-1/4 cents at $3.61 a bushel after hitting a two-week low at $3.60-1/2. November soybeans fell 8-1/2 cents to $8.41-3/4 a bushel after recording a one-month low at $8.40. Wheat posted the biggest declines on a percentage basis as strength in the dollar added to concerns about export demand for U.S. supplies. The worries persisted even as the U.S. Department of Agriculture's weekly U.S. wheat export sales figure, at 442,500 tonnes for the current crop year, was in line with trade expectations. "It's still not enough to make a market. Lower prices are all about trying to find demand, and we're not finding it," said Tom Fritz, a partner with EFG Group in Chicago. Technical selling added to the slide as CBOT December wheat broke below its July low of $4.90, Fritz said, adding: "You are in the process of blowing out every long in there." 

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USDA Releases Wheat Exportable Supplies, Supported by Decreasing Global Wheat Production

USDA Releases Wheat Exportable Supplies, Supported by Decreasing Global Wheat Production | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By Stephanie Bryant-Erdmann, USW Market Analyst USDA updated its monthly World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE) on Oct. 11, showing the United States (US) to have the largest exportable supply of wheat in the world in 2018/19 following devastating losses in the European Union (EU) and Australia, and decreased production in Russia. Due to the decreasing exportable wheat supplies in these three countries (production plus beginning stocks minus domestic consumption), USDA expects the US to have the largest exportable supply of wheat in the world in 2018/19 at 50.1 million tons (Mt) whereas the EU will peak at 27 Mt.

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Morocco to suspend soft wheat customs duty on Nov. 1

Morocco to suspend soft wheat customs duty on Nov. 1 | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

by UkrAgroConsult, 02/10/2018

 

Morocco will cancel customs duty on soft wheat on November 1 to ensure regular supply, the agriculture ministry said on Tuesday. To protect the local harvest, Morocco imposed a 135 percent customs duty which will last until October 31.

The move followed an exceptional cereals output this year of 10.3 million tonnes, including of 4.91 million tonnes of soft wheat, 2.42 million tonnes of hard wheat and 2.92 of durum. The duty cancellation would ensure regular supply "in light of the slow pace of the collection of national output", the agriculture and fisheries ministry said in a statement. It gave no details. The decision, which will enter into force after the approval of the government council, will enable importers to better plan reserves, it said.

Morocco has offered incentives for local millers to opt for domestic wheat instead of imports between mid-May and mid-October. These incentives include a flat rate subsidy of 10 dirhams ($1.068) per 100 kg of soft wheat to millers using local wheat as well as a premium of 2 dirhams per 100 kg per 15 days for storage agencies.

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Algeria tenders to buy nominal 50,000 tonnes feed barley

Algeria tenders to buy nominal 50,000 tonnes feed barley | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Zawya MENA Edition (Reuters), 18/02/2019 - Algerian state grains agency OAIC has issued an international tender to purchase a nominal 50,000 tonnes of feed barley, European traders said on Monday.

Origin was optional and tender deadline is Wednesday, Feb. 20, with offers having to remain valid to Feb. 21. they said.

Shipment was sought between March 16-31.
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Massive maize imports keep EU livestock fed after drought

Massive maize imports keep EU livestock fed after drought | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Reuters, 21/01/2019 - EU set to break last season's maize import record. Imports fuelled by 2018 drought, big Ukraine crop. Maize flows have turned EU into net cereal importer. Imports seen easing next year if EU harvest rebounds.

EU maize imports are running at a record pace, turning the bloc into a net cereal importer for the first time in a decade, as the livestock industry uses a bumper Ukrainian harvest to make up for a lack of forage caused by a torrid summer.

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L’agriculture commerciale présente un risque pour le système alimentaire mondial

L’agriculture commerciale présente un risque pour le système alimentaire mondial | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Ecofin Hebdo, 25/01/2019 - Environ 50% des calories d’origine végétale présente dans l’alimentation humaine, proviennent de trois céréales: le riz, le blé, et le maïs. A elle trois, ces cultures occupent 583 millions d’hectares, soit 5 830 000 kilomètres carrés. Ceci représente environ la superficie combinée de l’Algérie, la République démocratique du Congo, et l’Ethiopie.

Selon une étude du World Economic Forum, le cas de ces céréales est symptomatique des dérives de l’agriculture commerciale. En effet, sur environ 30 000 espèces végétales comestibles, seulement 170 le sont à une échelle commerciale.

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Weather, politics driving grain trade

Weather, politics driving grain trade | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By Chris Lyddon (World Grain), 27/12/2018. The world’s grain markets face a year of challenges and uncertainty, with weather and politics likely to drive trade flows and prices, said the keynote speaker at the Global Grain Conference in Geneva, Switzerland. The trade war between the United States and China has changed the landscape and, if settled, could once again mean massive changes, said Dan Basse, president, AgResource, Chicago, Illinois, U.S. Huge government debt, the likelihood of interest rate increases, and volatile currencies are among the potential threats the market faces. He added that demographic changes mean the demand growth focus is shifting to Africa. Basse described the market ahead as “a more vibrant market and more vibrant opportunity forthcoming.” He noted that over 80% of trade in Chicago is now non-human.

“Today we see the world wheat stocks-to-use ratio at a record low. That makes 2019 a very, very important year for world production.”

At the same time, weather patterns are changing. “This last year we saw a very dramatic drought in Argentina,” he said. “Australians are seeing their second drought in a row. We have problems in Europe. Climate change is real.”

New drivers are emerging in the wheat market. “World wheat trade has increased nearly 90 million tonnes in just the last eight or nine years,” he said. “This is a big change.”

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Le Maroc a supprimé les droits de douane pour le blé russe

Le Maroc a supprimé les droits de douane pour le blé russe | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

AgriMaroc, 13/12/2018 - Les exportations de produits agricoles russes au Maroc ont été multipliées par 2,5 pour atteindre 86,5 millions de dollars, principalement en raison de la croissance des exportations de blé et d'huiles végétales.

Le ministre russe de l’Agriculture Dmitri Patrouchev, a déclaré en octobre dernier , aux journalistes que les échanges entre la Russie et le Maroc s’étaient élevés au cours de la première moitié de 2018 à 900 millions de dollars, soit 20% de plus que l’année dernière à la même période.

Selon Sputnik, l’ambassadeur russe à Rabat, Valerian Shouvaev, a annoncé un changement concernant la taxe sur les céréales importées au Maroc depuis la Russie.

«Nos amis marocains ont déjà abaissé la taxe sur les céréales à zéro pour nous […]. Bien sûr, c’est une bonne nouvelle parce que les exportations de céréales au Maroc sont l’une des principales exportations russes au Maroc. Cela nous donne davantage de possibilité d’augmenter le volume des livraisons et, en général, de développer nos échanges commerciaux», a souligné l’ambassadeur.

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To Ag or Not to Ag - EU/USA trade links from the US point of view

To Ag or Not to Ag - EU/USA trade links from the US point of view | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By Ben Conner, USW Vice President of Policy, 13/12/2018.

To Ag. That is obviously the answer. The question is if the trade negotiations between the United States and the European Union should include agriculture at all. We already covered that in August after the two governments agreed to begin negotiations.

This week, the U.S. Wheat Associates (USW) submitted comments to the U.S. Trade Representative on wheat growers’ priorities for the negotiations. One of the priority, of course, is that the negotiations should cover agricultural products like wheat. That would avoid running afoul of WTO rules requiring free trade agreements to cover substantially all trade. It would also avoid a likely quick death in the U.S. Congress should an agreement without agriculture be presented to it.

Assuming those issues are addressed, USW wants to see protective EU wheat tariffs eliminated. Most EU imports from the United States are duty-free, but only for wheat that meets certain quality thresholds. Full tariff elimination would benefit buyers in the EU who may see opportunities to import U.S. wheat with different qualities.

The most significant challenges U.S. wheat growers currently face in the EU are non-tariff barriers also designed primarily to protect EU wheat producers. Pesticide residue and plant breeding regulations, phytosanitary tests and labeling requirements can disrupt U.S. wheat imports and create additional market uncertainty. A comprehensive agreement with the EU is long overdue and should end this sea of troubles.

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Wheat Prices Finding Their Footing?

Wheat Prices Finding Their Footing? | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By Brennan Turner (Farm Lead), 26/11/2018

Only Wheat prices are in the green this morning for grain prices thanks to some follow-on buying that U.S. wheat is getting more competitive.

Specifically, Egypt bought 240,000 MT of wheat last week, with half of it coming from American ports. It’s been suggested that Egypt may turn away from Russia as its principal wheat supplier as their amount of exportable supplies start to slow, but also there are questions about the quality coming out of their facilities.

The bigger news coming out of the Black Sea this Monday though is Russia having fired upon and then captured three Ukrainian warships off the coast of Crimea, the annexed region that Russia took control of a few years ago. As it relates to grain markets, there are questions about whether or not grain exports in the Azov Sea (where the naval clash took place) will be impacted. Reports are that its business as usual right now. It’s expected that Ukraine will vote today on whether to impose martial law or not. Should wheat exports indeed be impacted, this could be a quality opportunity for wheat prices to find its footing again.

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Le cours des céréales européennes sans direction

Le cours des céréales européennes sans direction | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Par Terre-net, 29/11/2018

Le cours des céréales européennes évoluait sans direction jeudi à la mi-journée, alors que des informations géopolitiques ayant de fortes incidences sur les cours des matières premières mondiales se succèdent.

Les cours du soja, du blé et du maïs ont progressé mercredi à la Bourse de Chicago, portés par des commentaires optimistes sur une potentielle détente dans la guerre commerciale entre les États-Unis et la Chine à quelques jours d'une rencontre entre les présidents Trump et Xi. « Les tensions entre la Russie et l'Ukraine font également l'objet de toutes les attentions, même si le blocage de l'accès à la mer d'Azov pour les exports ukrainiens n'a que peu d'incidence sur nos marchés », assure le cabinet Agritel dans une note.

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Black Sea wheat sees blockchain trade

Black Sea wheat sees blockchain trade | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By UkrAgroConsult, 13/11/2018

Black Sea wheat traded using blockchain Monday in a pilot deal between Solaris and Transoil International via the Cerealia Platform, the platform's developer said.

A Russian 25,000 mt parcel of 11.5% protein wheat on a FOB basis at Novorossiisk for December delivery traded for an undisclosed price. The platform developer said it was the first such Black Sea wheat deal.

Blockchain is a mechanism that allows the chronological and public display of transactions that have taken place on the platform. The goal is to minimize risk and any conflict that may arise by storing all related data on blockchain to settle disputes smoothly, should they arise.

"The next stage is to support emerging market traders in their local domestic currencies using fintech," Cerealia CEO and co-founder Andrei Grigorov said.

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EU agri-food exports remain stable unless wheat

EU agri-food exports remain stable unless wheat | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By the DG AGRI of the European Commission, 26/10/2018

The year on year performance of EU agri-food exports remains remarkably stable with the September 2017 - August 2018 period representing a 0.1% change on the previous 12 months. This was due to a slight decline during August 2018 with exports dropping to €11.3 billion (a decrease of 2%), with imports also falling slightly to €9.1 billion (a drop of 0.6%). These are the main findings from the latest monthly trade report (476.1 KB - PDF) published by the European Commission.

Exports of cereals (other than wheat and rice) have experienced a significant rise (of €51 million) with pasta and bread (a rise of €32 million) also performing strongly. However, wheat has  experienced a significant decrease, down €62 million and €47 million respectively.

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US and China trade war having 'fundamental impact' on world grain - Farming UK News

US and China trade war having 'fundamental impact' on world grain - Farming UK News | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By Farming UK, 18/10/2018

The strained trade relationship between the US and China is having a fundamental impact on world grain markets, according to Grain Market Outlook Conference.

The US Department of Agriculture’s Seth Meyer delivered the keynote presentation at the annual event hosted by the AHDB, which brought together 150 stakeholders from across cereals and oilseeds supply chain.

 He said the US would break with the norm of supplying China for six months of the season and was looking to export to elsewhere in the world year round.
Charles Clack of Rabobank added that the 25 per cent tariff imposed on US imports left China in a dilemma about where to source enough soybeans to meet demand – a potential impossibility.
At a global level, drought in key growing regions has been partly responsible for a tightening of the wheat market, with the market also sensitised by the potential for Russian export controls.
And while rapeseed supplies remain tight, with China forecast to import an additional 11 per cent in 2018/19, record soybean production in the US means prices have not seen a significant a rally.
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Impact du changement climatique sur l'évolution du commerce international à l'horizon 2050-2059

Impact du changement climatique sur l'évolution du commerce international à l'horizon 2050-2059 | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Par Raphaël Beaujeu, Centre d'études et de prospective, 15/10/2018

Une étude, réalisée par l'organisme gouvernemental australien pour la recherche scientifique (CSIRO), publiée début septembre, présente une simulation de l'impact de l'accroissement des émissions de CO2 à l'horizon 2050-2059 sur le commerce mondial de riz, de maïs, d'oléagineux et de céréales secondaires. Les projections climatiques sont estimées à partir de modèles dits de « systèmes terrestres » et les impacts sur la production agricole à partir de modèles de cultures au niveau mondial (Global Gridded Crop Models). Ces modèles sont ensuite couplés à GTEM-C, un modèle d'équilibre général calculable dynamique, afin d'en estimer les effets sur le commerce. Ce travail est original, les impacts des échanges sur le changement climatique étant généralement étudiés, et non l'inverse. En outre, peu d'articles analysent conjointement les conséquences biologiques et économiques des évolutions climatiques.

Les résultats suggèrent que le commerce agricole serait plus concentré dans le scénario pessimiste, quelques régions dominant les marchés. Dans le scénario plus optimiste, les acteurs du commerce international seraient plus diversifiés, ce qui rendrait le système moins vulnérable aux chocs climatiques ou institutionnels.

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To read the full article, click https://www.nature.com/articles/s41599-018-0164-y

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