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MED-Amin network
(Mediterranean Agricultural Information Network) Fostering cooperation and experience sharing among the national information systems on agricultural (cereals) markets in the Mediterranean. The network of 13 countries is coordinated by CIHEAM, and more specifically by its Mediterranean Agronomic Institute (MAI) of Montpellier.
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India forecast to harvest record rice crop

India forecast to harvest record rice crop | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

World Grain, 13/03/2019 – Despite a weak monsoon season, India’s Ministry of Agriculture and Farmer Welfare is forecasting record production of rice and near record production of wheat in 2018-19. However, it predicts significantly lower output of corn and other coarse grains, which means overall grain production is expected to fall 2 million tonnes short of last year’s record crop. India’s rice production is forecast to reach 115.6 million tonnes, while wheat output has been revised higher to 99.1 million tonnes. According to the Indian . . .

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The carbon sequestration dilemma in rice soils

The carbon sequestration dilemma in rice soils | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By Pauline Chivenge and Bjoern Ole Sander (Rice Today), 10/12/2018.

Is it possible to sequester carbon in rice soils while reducing greenhouse gas emissions? What are the trade-offs and synergies between soil organic carbon sequestration and greenhouse gas emissions?

Soil organic carbon is an important component of the global carbon cycle as it constitutes the largest pool of terrestrial carbon, which is approximately two and three times that in the atmosphere and vegetation, respectively. Intensive cropping systems are typically depleted of soil organic carbon, containing 25-75% of that in natural ecosystems. Hence, there is vast potential and need to increase storage, i.e., the sequestration of carbon, in these systems through the implementation of best-fit management practices depending on local conditions.

The sequestration of carbon in soils is generally considered a win-win situation because it mitigates greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Additionally, soil organic carbon is a measure of soil quality and gives an indication of sustainability in cropping systems. Soil organic carbon is a major component of soil organic matter, which is important for the supply of plant nutrients.

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Protecting the World’s Largest Rice Collection 

Protecting the World’s Largest Rice Collection  | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Two organizations, Crop Trust and The International Rice Research Institute, announce funding in perpetuity of the world’s largest rice collection.


Via Système de veille
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Missouri rice farmers eye export market on banks of Nile River

Missouri rice farmers eye export market on banks of Nile River | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it
By Melody Walker, 13/08/2018

It takes a lot of water to grow rice... Farmers in Missouri’s bootheel have plenty from underground aquifers, replenished by the Mississippi River. But in Egypt, the government has slashed rice planting in half to conserve water. A new dam near the Nile River’s source in Ethiopia is threatening to stem the flow to Egypt’s rice paddies. That could be an opportunity for Missouri, a leading rice-producing state. Half of the U.S. crop is exported. The current trade war and tariffs with China have led American producers to explore other markets.

When Greg Yielding from Missouri, heard about the situation in Egypt he had an idea. The director of emerging markets for the U.S. Rice Producers organization, instantly started thinking about making a trade deal. He proposed that Missouri export “rough” or unmilled rice to Egypt. “It could help them economically as well as be a sustainable food supply for their people,” Yielding said. Egyptian traders have been receptive. To which extent?

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Egypt turns from rice exporter to importer due to water scarcity

Egypt turns from rice exporter to importer due to water scarcity | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it
By Egypt Today, 05/07/2018

After being a rice exporter, Egypt will turn into an importer following the governmental measures reducing the rice-cultivated areas due to the water shortage crisis the country is suffering from.

Prime Minister Moustafa Madbouly and Minister of Supply and Interior Trade Ali Meselhi will discuss on Thursday the possibility of importing rice, one of the basic commodities for Egyptians, to meet the local market’s demands, according to a statement issued from the Cabinet on Thursday. Indeed, it is expected that Egypt will produce about 3.3 million tons this year, while the Egyptians’ annual consumption of rice is estimated at 4.3 million tons.

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Egypt's rice farmers see rough times downstream of new Nile mega-dam (Reuters)

Egypt's rice farmers see rough times downstream of new Nile mega-dam (Reuters) | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Rice farmers in Kafr Ziada village in the Nile River Delta have ignored planting restrictions aimed at conserving water for years, continuing to grow a medium-grain variety of the crop that is prized around the Arab world.

A decision thousands of kilometers to the south is about to change that, however, in another example of how concern about water, one of the world’s most valuable commodities, is forcing change in farming, laws and even international diplomacy.

Far upstream, close to one of the sources of the Nile, Ethiopia is preparing to fill the reservoir behind its new $4 billion Grand Renaissance Dam, possibly as soon as this year...

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Le riz prend de plus en plus de place au Maroc

Le riz prend de plus en plus de place au Maroc | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Infomédiaire, 08/01/2019 - Longtemps associée aux pays asiatiques de tradition purement rizicole, la culture du riz prend de plus en plus de place dans les choix agricoles de la région de Rabat-Salé-Kénitra. Bien que pratiquée dans cette région depuis la fin des années 1940, la riziculture semble enfin trouver son chemin vers l’émergence grâce aux efforts combinés des différentes parties concernées. Elle revêt ainsi une importance socio-économique indéniable d’autant plus qu’elle génère des revenus stables pour 2.500 agriculteurs et plus de 1,2 millions de journées de travail chaque année, dont 87% en amont et 13% en aval pour la seule région du Gharb.

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GASC sets basic commodities tenders’ delivery in January

GASC sets basic commodities tenders’ delivery in January | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By Ahmed Lamloum (The Daily News Egypt), 27/11/2018

Egypt’s state grains’ buyer, the General Authority for Supply Commodities (GASC), announced the winning bid of Egypt’s first international rice buying tender on Tuesday, while it seeks to launch two vegetable oils and wheat international purchasing tenders for delivery in January.

The rice tender will be approved by the Minister of Supply, Ali Moselhy, after testing rice samples that were submitted by the bidders, a source in the ministry told Daily News Egypt. The financial offers of this tender were between $419.7 and $444 per tonne.

Also, Egypt is the world’s biggest wheat importer as it consumes 100bn of bread loaves annually. The Egyptian people spend EGP 5bn while the government pays EGP 60bn in subsidies for the bakery owners, according to Finance Minister Mohamed Moeit.

In an interview with Ahram newspaper on Saturday, Moeit said there will be no change in “the bread subsidy system no matter how much cost the country has to bear”.

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Pour le riz, les enjeux sont immenses pour les prochaines années

Pour le riz, les enjeux sont immenses pour les prochaines années | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Mensuel de septembre 2018 de l'Académie d'Agriculture de France.

La hausse et la volatilité des prix du riz induites par une tension croissante sur l’offre marquent un changement structurel dans l’organisation des échanges mondiaux de riz ayant contribué aux émeutes de la faim de 2008.

Cette réorganisation des marchés mondiaux intervient dans un contexte de changement climatique qui selon l’Institut international de recherche sur les politiques alimentaires (IFPRI) induira d’ici 2050 une augmentation des prix du riz d’environ 35%, alors que les rendements diminueront de 15 % (2), que le stock mondial n’est que de 3 mois, et qu’il conviendrait selon la FAO de produire 700 millions de tonnes de plus d’ici 2030, c’est-à-dire ni plus ni moins que de doubler la production actuelle !

 

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Un mécanisme génétique permet à une espèce de riz de s’adapter aux inondations

Un mécanisme génétique permet à une espèce de riz de s’adapter aux inondations | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

France Diplomatie, 19/07/2018 - Des chercheurs japonais et américains viennent de décrire un mécanisme génétique qui confère à l'espèce de riz Oryza sativa, une capacité d'adaptation à une augmentation importante (plusieurs mètres) et prolongée d’eau suite à des pluies abondantes. Ils ont également mis en évidence le mécanisme moléculaire en cause.

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Increase in Egyptian's rice cultivation of 15% (Egypt Today)

Increase in Egyptian's rice cultivation of 15% (Egypt Today) | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Egyptian government agreed to increase the area allocated for rice cultivation by 100,000 feddans only this season, bringing the total area of rice cultivation to 820,000 feddans. The new areas will be cultivated as experimental fields using high productivity seeds, noting that they will be irrigated by agricultural drainage water despite fears from the building of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) that would cut the country's share of the Nile. 

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