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MED-Amin network
(Mediterranean Agricultural Information Network) Fostering cooperation and experience sharing among the national information systems on agricultural (cereals) markets in the Mediterranean. The network of 13 countries is coordinated by CIHEAM, and more specifically by its Mediterranean Agronomic Institute (MAI) of Montpellier.
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World wheat production problems come to the fore

World wheat production problems come to the fore | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By Drew Lerner (World Grain), 26/11/2018

Just a couple of years ago this meteorologist had his hands slapped for trying to make an issue out of world wheat production problems. The word was that there was too much wheat in the world and that a focus on that crop was a waste of time.

Today, of course, the trade has a little different mindset. Smaller crops in Australia, Canada, Europe and Russia this year allowed the commodity “trade” winds to blow from a different direction. Now that everyone thinks there is a problem the question that begs to be answered is, “Can world wheat production potentials improve?”.

This review points out the current and future difficulties occurring in the most productive regions of the world...

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OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2018-2027: Projections on Cereals

OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2018-2027: Projections on Cereals | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

The OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2018-2027 released on the 3 of July 2018 describes, among other chapters, the market situation and highlights the latest set of quantitative medium-term projections for world and national cereals markets for the ten-year period 2018-27.

Global cereal production is projected to expand by 13% by 2027, accounted for in large part by higher yields. Production of wheat is projected to increase from 750 Mt in the base period to 833 Mt in 2027, with most of the growth in India (20 Mt), followed by the European Union (12 Mt), the Russian Federation (10 Mt), Pakistan (6 Mt) and Turkey (5 Mt). Maize production is expected to rise by 161 Mt to 1.2 bln t, led by the People’s Republic of China (hereafter “China”) (31 Mt), Brazil (24 Mt) and the United States (22 Mt).

For maize and wheat, the Russian Federation is emerging as a major player on international markets, having surpassed the European Union in 2016 to become the top wheat exporter. For maize, market shares will increase for Brazil, Argentina and the Russian Federation while declining for the United States. Thailand, India, and Viet Nam are expected to remain the major suppliers on international rice markets, while Cambodia and Myanmar are projected to capture a greater share of the global export market. Over the projection period, prices are expected to increase slightly in nominal terms but decline modestly in real terms.

CIHEAM Newss insight:

To download the related chapter on cereals, please click on the link.

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Deux scénarios prospectifs contrastés pour le système agroalimentaire français à l'horizon 2040

Deux scénarios prospectifs contrastés pour le système agroalimentaire français à l'horizon 2040 | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

José Ramanantsoa, Centre d'études et de prospective

Source : Science of the Total Environment

Dans une étude prospective à horizon 2040, parue dans la revue Science of the Total Environment en mai 2018, trois chercheurs (UMR Metis – Sorbonne Université-CNRS-EPHE) présentent deux visions contrastées des évolutions du système agroalimentaire français, en prenant en compte 33 régions agricoles.

Les deux scénarios ont été quantifiés avec la méthode GRAFS (Generalized Representation of Agro-Food Systems), qui bâtit une image complète des flux d'azote, de phosphore et de carbone, sur la base des données des 33 régions étudiées, et permet d'approcher les grandes caractéristiques des productions agricoles.

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Perspectives agricoles de l'OCDE et de la FAO 2018-2027: Focus sur la région MENA

Perspectives agricoles de l'OCDE et de la FAO 2018-2027: Focus sur la région MENA | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Les Perspectives agricoles de l'OCDE et de la FAO 2018-2027 tout juste publiées consacre un chapitre aux perspectives et aux difficultés du secteur agricole dans la région du Moyen Orient et de l’Afrique du Nord (MENA). L’une des préoccupations majeures tient au fait que l’approvisionnement de cette région en produits alimentaires de base clés dépend beaucoup, et de plus en plus, des marchés internationaux, les terres arables et les ressources en eau devenant de plus en plus rares. Les politiques menées
soutiennent la production et la consommation de céréales, ce qui a pour effet que ces produits exigeants en eau, notamment le blé, qui occupe une grande place dans la ration calorique, mobilisent 65 % des superficies cultivées. D’après les projections, la consommation de produits alimentaires devrait croître lentement dans la région, l’alimentation évoluer graduellement en faveur des produits animaux, l’utilisation de l’eau se maintenir à des niveaux non durables, et la dépendance à l’égard des marchés mondiaux persister et s’accroître. Pour assurer la sécurité alimentaire, il pourrait être envisagé de réorienter l’action menée vers le développement rural, la réduction de la pauvreté et le soutien à la production horticole, plus rentable. Un tel changement stratégique serait propice à une alimentation plus variée et plus saine, mais il
nécessiterait de développer la capacité des agriculteurs pratiquant des cultures d’un meilleur rapport à minimiser les risques.

CIHEAM Newss insight:

To download the chapter related to the MENA region, please click on the link

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Predictable agricultural trade conditions needed to address food security challenges (OECD-FAO release)

Predictable agricultural trade conditions needed to address food security challenges (OECD-FAO release) | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

3 July 2018, Paris - Global agricultural production is growing steadily across most commodities, reaching record levels in 2017 for most cereals, meat types, dairy products and fish, while cereal stock levels have climbed to all-time highs, according to an annual report from the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and the UN's Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).

The report stresses that agricultural trade plays an important role in promoting food security, underscoring the need for an enabling trade policy environment.

OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2018-2027 sees weakening growth in global demand for agricultural commodities and food, while anticipating continuing productivity improvements in the sector. As a result prices of main agricultural commodities are expected to remain low for the coming decade.

The report attributes the demand slowdown to a deceleration of demand growth in major emerging economies, stagnating per capita consumption of staple foods, and a further gradual decline in global population growth rates. 

This year's edition of the Agricultural Outlook includes a special chapter on the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), which faces simultaneous issues of food insecurity, rising malnutrition and management of limited natural resources.

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