MED-Amin network
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MED-Amin network
(Mediterranean Agricultural Information Network) Fostering cooperation and experience sharing among the national information systems on agricultural (cereals) markets in the Mediterranean. The network of 13 countries is coordinated by CIHEAM, and more specifically by its Mediterranean Agronomic Institute (MAI) of Montpellier.
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COVID-19 and the seed sector: How countries are navigating challenges

COVID-19 and the seed sector: How countries are navigating challenges | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

The seed industry is truly globalised: A seed lot can be expected to travel through several countries for multiplication, production, processing and packaging before it reaches a farmer. It is also time sensitive, with defined periods for sowing and harvesting different crops. As such, the necessary restrictions on movement and transport put in place by governments to protect their people from COVID-19 have the potential to seriously affect the production, certification, distribution and cost of seed.

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Digital Opportunities for Trade in the Agriculture and Food Sectors

Digital Opportunities for Trade in the Agriculture and Food Sectors | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

OECD Food, Agriculture and Fisheries Papers - How are new opportunities to create and share information shaping the digital transformation of the agriculture and food system, and thus potentially fostering its reorganisation? This report focuses on cross-border trade aspects along the global agriculture and food value chain, and looks at...

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DOI:https://doi.org/10.1787/91c40e07-en

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Value Adding Pathways in Agriculture and Food Trade

Value Adding Pathways in Agriculture and Food Trade | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

OECD Food, Agriculture and Fisheries Papers - Global value chains (GVCs) in agriculture and food sectors have the potential to influence trading relationships and the gains from trade for different sectors along the value chain. This report explores the way in which value from trade and GVC participation is created for the agriculture...

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DOI:https://doi.org/10.1787/bb8bb93d-en

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Perspectives agricoles de l'OCDE et de la FAO 2018-2027: Focus sur la région MENA

Perspectives agricoles de l'OCDE et de la FAO 2018-2027: Focus sur la région MENA | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Les Perspectives agricoles de l'OCDE et de la FAO 2018-2027 tout juste publiées consacre un chapitre aux perspectives et aux difficultés du secteur agricole dans la région du Moyen Orient et de l’Afrique du Nord (MENA). L’une des préoccupations majeures tient au fait que l’approvisionnement de cette région en produits alimentaires de base clés dépend beaucoup, et de plus en plus, des marchés internationaux, les terres arables et les ressources en eau devenant de plus en plus rares. Les politiques menées
soutiennent la production et la consommation de céréales, ce qui a pour effet que ces produits exigeants en eau, notamment le blé, qui occupe une grande place dans la ration calorique, mobilisent 65 % des superficies cultivées. D’après les projections, la consommation de produits alimentaires devrait croître lentement dans la région, l’alimentation évoluer graduellement en faveur des produits animaux, l’utilisation de l’eau se maintenir à des niveaux non durables, et la dépendance à l’égard des marchés mondiaux persister et s’accroître. Pour assurer la sécurité alimentaire, il pourrait être envisagé de réorienter l’action menée vers le développement rural, la réduction de la pauvreté et le soutien à la production horticole, plus rentable. Un tel changement stratégique serait propice à une alimentation plus variée et plus saine, mais il
nécessiterait de développer la capacité des agriculteurs pratiquant des cultures d’un meilleur rapport à minimiser les risques.

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To download the chapter related to the MENA region, please click on the link

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Predictable agricultural trade conditions needed to address food security challenges (OECD-FAO release)

Predictable agricultural trade conditions needed to address food security challenges (OECD-FAO release) | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

3 July 2018, Paris - Global agricultural production is growing steadily across most commodities, reaching record levels in 2017 for most cereals, meat types, dairy products and fish, while cereal stock levels have climbed to all-time highs, according to an annual report from the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and the UN's Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).

The report stresses that agricultural trade plays an important role in promoting food security, underscoring the need for an enabling trade policy environment.

OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2018-2027 sees weakening growth in global demand for agricultural commodities and food, while anticipating continuing productivity improvements in the sector. As a result prices of main agricultural commodities are expected to remain low for the coming decade.

The report attributes the demand slowdown to a deceleration of demand growth in major emerging economies, stagnating per capita consumption of staple foods, and a further gradual decline in global population growth rates. 

This year's edition of the Agricultural Outlook includes a special chapter on the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), which faces simultaneous issues of food insecurity, rising malnutrition and management of limited natural resources.

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The Evolution of the Treatment of Agriculture in Preferential Trade Agreements

The Evolution of the Treatment of Agriculture in Preferential Trade Agreements | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

OECD Food, Agriculture and Fisheries Papers - Preferential trading agreements are becoming a more common feature of the global agro food trading environment, a trend that has increased since the early 2000s. While they increasingly cover the majority of trade worldwide, there remains a question as to the extent to which their treatment of...

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DOI:https://doi.org/10.1787/751d274f-en

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Influencing GVCs through Agro-Food Policy and Reform

Influencing GVCs through Agro-Food Policy and Reform | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

OECD Food, Agriculture and Fisjeries Papers - Global value chains (GVCs) in agriculture and food sectors contribute to sector growth and development. However, agricultural trade is subject to significant distortions that limit trade which in turn impacts on its competitiveness world-wide. Using the OECD Metro model, this study analyses the... 

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DOI:https://doi.org/10.1787/9ce888e0-en

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Mesure et impact de la participation des pays aux chaînes de valeur mondiales agricoles et agroalimentaires

Mesure et impact de la participation des pays aux chaînes de valeur mondiales agricoles et agroalimentaires | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Publiée début 2019 par l'Organisation de coopération et de développement économique (OCDE), une étude analyse l'évolution, sur la période 2004-2014, de la participation de soixante-dix pays et régions aux chaînes de valeur mondiales (CVM) agricoles et agroalimentaires, et son impact sur leurs économies.

Dans un premier temps, les auteurs analysent l'évolution de cette participation, pour chaque pays, vers l'amont (part des exportations nationales produites à partir d'intrants étrangers) et vers l'aval (part des exportations nationales utilisées, en tant qu'intrants, dans les exportations d'autres pays). Au niveau sectoriel, l'intégration dans les CVM du blé et autres céréales, des oléagineux et de la viande bovine a particulièrement augmenté, de plus de 50 %.

Dans un deuxième temps, l'étude s'intéresse à l'impact de la participation des pays aux CVM sur leur secteur agricole. À partir d'une analyse économétrique, les auteurs montrent que l'importation d'intrants pour la production d'exportations (participation amont) augmente la création de valeur ajoutée au sein des filières agricoles...

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Pour télécharger le rapport d'étude (en angalis), cliquez sur ce lien https://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/deliver/43b7bcec-en.pdf?itemId=%2Fcontent%2Fpaper%2F43b7bcec-en&mimeType=pdf

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OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2018-2027: Projections on Cereals

OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2018-2027: Projections on Cereals | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

The OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2018-2027 released on the 3 of July 2018 describes, among other chapters, the market situation and highlights the latest set of quantitative medium-term projections for world and national cereals markets for the ten-year period 2018-27.

Global cereal production is projected to expand by 13% by 2027, accounted for in large part by higher yields. Production of wheat is projected to increase from 750 Mt in the base period to 833 Mt in 2027, with most of the growth in India (20 Mt), followed by the European Union (12 Mt), the Russian Federation (10 Mt), Pakistan (6 Mt) and Turkey (5 Mt). Maize production is expected to rise by 161 Mt to 1.2 bln t, led by the People’s Republic of China (hereafter “China”) (31 Mt), Brazil (24 Mt) and the United States (22 Mt).

For maize and wheat, the Russian Federation is emerging as a major player on international markets, having surpassed the European Union in 2016 to become the top wheat exporter. For maize, market shares will increase for Brazil, Argentina and the Russian Federation while declining for the United States. Thailand, India, and Viet Nam are expected to remain the major suppliers on international rice markets, while Cambodia and Myanmar are projected to capture a greater share of the global export market. Over the projection period, prices are expected to increase slightly in nominal terms but decline modestly in real terms.

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To download the related chapter on cereals, please click on the link.

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