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MED-Amin network
(Mediterranean Agricultural Information Network) Fostering cooperation and experience sharing among the national information systems on agricultural (cereals) markets in the Mediterranean. The network of 13 countries is coordinated by CIHEAM, and more specifically by its Mediterranean Agronomic Institute (MAI) of Montpellier.
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Researchers Working On GMO Wheat That Can Be Safely Consumed By Individuals With Celiac Illness

Researchers Working On GMO Wheat That Can Be Safely Consumed By Individuals With Celiac Illness | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Infosurhoy, 28/02/2019 - Having celiac disease meant fewer food options for people with the condition. However, scientists have created a variety of wheat that will not only be safe to eat, but also pave the way for the development of new treatments.

In the United States, more than 2 million people have celiac disease... And there is currently no treatment for celiac disease... People who have the condition can only avoid food that triggers their symptoms, including nausea, vomiting, constipation, weight loss, fatigue, and depression/anxiety. Some take an enzyme supplement before every meal to avoid feeling sick.

However, researchers might have made a major leap forward for people who have celiac disease. A study published in the January issue of Functional and Integrative Genomics detailed a new genotype of wheat that has built-in enzymes that could break down the proteins that cause adverse effects on the body.

The researchers were able to create a new variety of wheat by introducing a new DNA into the grain. The new variety, they stated, contains enzymes from barley and a bacteria called Flavobacterium meningosepticum. These enzymes have the capacity to break down gluten in the digestive system without triggering an immune response in the small intestine.

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L’Union Européenne autorise la vente des semences paysannes !

L’Union Européenne autorise la vente des semences paysannes ! | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Après des années de combat, les paysans et partisans du bio obtiennent enfin satisfaction. Désormais, les agriculteurs pourront céder leurs graines sans être des hors-la-loi.

Jusqu’alors, seules les semences répertoriées par un catalogue officiel pouvaient être légalement commercialisées. Or, comme le souligne Le Figaro, « la majorité de ces semences appartenait à des multinationales comme Monsanto. » Résultat : une uniformisation des fruits et légumes, une standardisation de notre alimentation et un appauvrissement de la biodiversité.

Désormais, chaque paysan redeviendra libre de développer ses propres variétés et de les mettre sur le marché, comme cela s’était toujours pratiqué depuis les origines de l'agriculture.

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Engineering of a novel gene from a halophyte: potential for agriculture in degraded coastal saline soil

Published by Land Degradation and Development on Dec 2018.

To feed the ever increasing world population, more crops production per hectare has become a necessity. Soil salinity is one of the important factors causing land degradation leading to low soil aeration and water conductance. It adversely impacts plant growth and development. Adaption through modern molecular tools is an important strategy for alternative use for degraded land. To achieve this aim, we have cloned a novel salt responsive gene SbRPC5L (Salicornia brachiata RNA Poly III Complex 5 Like subunit) from an extreme halophyte and transformed it into tobacco for abiotic stress tolerance. The gene is intronless, 1202 bp long, membrane‐localized, encoding a protein of 196 amino acids and shows up‐regulation under salt and osmotic stress. Tobacco plants harboring SbRPC5L perform better under stress and have more water content, membrane stability and stress tolerance indices as compared to control plants. The results suggest that this novel gene has a potential to be used as a promising alternative to impart abiotic stress tolerance for climate resilient agriculture in degraded costal saline areas.

CIHEAM Newss insight:

For more info, https://doi.org/10.1002/ldr.3241

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Organic, non-GMO flour verification continues to be vital | World Grain

Organic, non-GMO flour verification continues to be vital | World Grain | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Organic and non-GMO are two certifications that carry a lot of weight with certain consumers. From a functionality standpoint, flours made from these crops perform the same as their conventional counterparts in a bakery formulation. A new trend of consuming that might change the agricultures and supply chains deserving them (grain sourcing, transportation and milled ingredient production). Better transparency and robust standards are still in need.

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