MED-Amin network
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MED-Amin network
(Mediterranean Agricultural Information Network) Fostering cooperation and experience sharing among the national information systems on agricultural (cereals) markets in the Mediterranean. The network of 13 countries is coordinated by CIHEAM, and more specifically by its Mediterranean Agronomic Institute (MAI) of Montpellier.
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Covid-19 and FOOD SECURITY: can emerging economies mitigate rising prices?

Covid-19 and FOOD SECURITY: can emerging economies mitigate rising prices? | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it
An increase in food prices following the coronavirus pandemic has intensified concerns related to global food security. For emerging markets, this has further underlined the importance of regional cooperation and innovative solutions to help overcome the challenges.
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LEBANON's domestic agricultural production is faltering

LEBANON's domestic agricultural production is faltering | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

SULTAN YAQOUB, Western Bekaa — In a shed on Najib Fares’ farm in the Western Bekaa, next to a broken-down tractor, sacks of unsold wheat from June’s harvest are piled up on pallets, a visible reminder of the collapse of some of the key systems set up to support local farmers and maintain the country’s food security.

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WORLD: Covid crisis is fuelling food price rises for world's poorest

WORLD: Covid crisis is fuelling food price rises for world's poorest | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Over the last year, Covid-19 has undone the economic, health and food security of millions, pushing as many as 150 million people into extreme poverty. While the health and economic impacts of the pandemic have been devastating, the rise in hunger has been one of its most tangible symptoms.

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LEBANON: Food Insecurity and the Path Toward Agricultural Reform 

LEBANON: Food Insecurity and the Path Toward Agricultural Reform  | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

One hundred years after its creation, Lebanon is invited to rethink its economic model in the context of a profound internal crisis and regional turmoil. The collapse of its financial and banking sectors, paired with the domination of a corrupt and incompetent political elite, has led the country to the verge of becoming a failed state in which people cannot access food and basic services. Within this overall environment, rethinking agriculture is a key element in building a sustainable economic model that reduces geographical inequalities and ensures food security.

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Lebanon: 'Money is worth nothing now': how Lebanon is finding a future in farming 

Lebanon: 'Money is worth nothing now': how Lebanon is finding a future in farming  | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

With food in short supply and prices rocketing, a wave of new farmers are growing produce on roofs, balconies and beyond.

Long before the Covid-19 pandemic and the devastating explosion in Beirut on 4 August, Lebanon was already deep in economic crisis. For many, farming is emerging as a solution.

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Malta Farm Map

Malta Farm Map | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

The “Malta Farm Map” aims to support local farmers sell their local fruits and vegetables by connecting farmers and customers directly in this time of crisis.

Farmers put a lot of work and passion into growing food, and we want citizens to get a glimpse of that. Right now people want to support local farmers but are finding it hard to purchase from them. Customers can now locate their nearest friendly farmer and buy their fresh local produce directly. In that way they will be promoting the local farming community which had already been struggling even before the current crisis.

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Turkey launches digital market for agriculture - COVID-19 raises fears about food security

Turkey launches digital market for agriculture - COVID-19 raises fears about food security | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Daily Sabah, 30/04 - Launching the Digital Agriculture Market, the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry said that it will enable stakeholders dealing with agricultural supply and demand to meet in the digital marketplace and ensure that farmers will earn more income. It will also help consumers access cheaper agricultural products.

''By managing the pandemic era well, we need to prepare the Turkish agriculture sector for the post-coronavirus period,'' the minister said.

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Sécurité alimentaire : La FAO et la CEA forment des experts marocains

Sécurité alimentaire : La FAO et la CEA forment des experts marocains | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Par EcoActu, 11/12/2018

La Commission économique pour l’Afrique des Nations Unies (CEA, Bureau pour l’Afrique du Nord) et l’Organisation des Nations Unies pour l’Alimentation et l’Agriculture (FAO, Bureau Maroc) ont initié le 10 décembre à Rabat (Maroc), un atelier national de formation de trois jours sur le suivi de la sécurité alimentaire dans le contexte de l’Agenda de développement durable à l’horizon 2030.

« Les ODD sont désormais la principale référence pour les politiques et les programmes de développement au niveau national, mais leur suivi et mise en œuvre requièrent encore un immense effort. Cet atelier vise à répondre à une demande d’appui technique précise du gouvernement, en particulier en ce qui concerne la production de données suffisantes et fiables pour la mesure des indicateurs liés à la sécurité alimentaire », a indiqué Florence Marie Rolle, Représentante de la FAO au Maroc.

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Best practices on Agriculture and Food towards the sustainable development goals

Best practices on Agriculture and Food towards the sustainable development goals | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

The report of the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) investigates best practices in food sustainability across the world. It uses the three pillars—sustainable agriculture, nutritional challenges, and food loss and waste—of the Food Sustainability Index (FSI) as a framework.

Changes to farming systems do not always come without trade-offs. For example, solar power can transform livelihoods for smallholder farmers by providing free electricity, which enables them to tap into groundwater for irrigation. “There’s been a huge expansion in solar irrigation, especially in India,” says Sri Lanka-based Soumya Balasubramanya, senior researcher in environmental and development economics at the International Water Management Institute. “But there’s a trade-off. In the longer term, you’re going to have a problem of groundwater depletion.”

CIHEAM News's insight:

Read the full paper on http://foodsustainability.eiu.com/

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World wheat production problems come to the fore

World wheat production problems come to the fore | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By Drew Lerner (World Grain), 26/11/2018

Just a couple of years ago this meteorologist had his hands slapped for trying to make an issue out of world wheat production problems. The word was that there was too much wheat in the world and that a focus on that crop was a waste of time.

Today, of course, the trade has a little different mindset. Smaller crops in Australia, Canada, Europe and Russia this year allowed the commodity “trade” winds to blow from a different direction. Now that everyone thinks there is a problem the question that begs to be answered is, “Can world wheat production potentials improve?”.

This review points out the current and future difficulties occurring in the most productive regions of the world...

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How agricultural policies failed a fertile country

How agricultural policies failed a fertile country | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it
By Noha El Tawil (Egypt Today), 27/11/2018
As domestic crop supply fails to meet market needs, Business Today Egypt looks at agriculture sector and the challenges of ensuring food security.
Agriculture, forestry and fishing constituted 11.5% of Egypt’ GDP (gross domestic product) last year, according to the World Bank, which may seem a significantly high number compared to developed countries like France (1.5%) and the UK (0.5). However, farmers in Egypt are suffering on various fronts.
Citizens’ complaints about the prices of food have been on the rise, and a campaign was launched to boycott fruits. President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi criticized homeowners building on agricultural land. With rising costs and various violations to deal with, the agricultural sector has had alot to contend with recently.
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New review finds fundamental gaps and new opportunities for world’s agricultural monitoring systems

New review finds fundamental gaps and new opportunities for world’s agricultural monitoring systems | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By IFPRI, 05/11/2018

The world’s agricultural monitoring systems provide up-to-date information on food production to decision makers that is crucial to global and national food security. When prices become dangerously volatile—as they did during the food price crisis of 2007-2011—these systems spread critical information quickly that can reduce the risks of market and supply upheavals.

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November 2018 Food Outlook of the Global Information and Early Warning System (GIEWS, FAO)

November 2018 Food Outlook of the Global Information and Early Warning System (GIEWS, FAO) | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Food Outlook (biannual report), released on 07/11/2018 (FAO)

The outlook for global supplies of agricultural commodities in the 2018/19 marketing season remains broadly in line with earlier expectations. While the weather had some impact on crop prospects, the overall production at global level did not change significantly from the forecasts published in the July issue of Food Outlook. Beyond weather-induced revisions, the latest FAO revisions take into consideration the mounting uncertainties regarding trade policies, as well as the changes in exchange rates and rising energy prices. Several MED-Amin countries are concerned by this statement.

CIHEAM News's insight:

Food Outlook and other GIEWS reports are available on the internet as part of the FAO world wide web at the following URL address: http://www.fao.org/giews/. Other relevant studies on markets and the global food situation can be found at http://www.fao.org/worldfoodsituation.

Bientôt disponible en français.

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Covid-19 and FOOD SECURITY: can emerging economies mitigate rising prices?

Covid-19 and FOOD SECURITY: can emerging economies mitigate rising prices? | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it
An increase in food prices following the coronavirus pandemic has intensified concerns related to global food security. For emerging markets, this has further underlined the importance of regional cooperation and innovative solutions to help overcome the challenges.
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MALTA: Agricultural land 'being killed off' to highest bidder

MALTA: Agricultural land 'being killed off' to highest bidder | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Farmers are calling on the government to enforce a capping on prices of agricultural land, as budding growers are finding it impossible to acquire their own fields to till.
With one tumolo of land going for at least €40,000, and an average of 12 tumoli needed to start a full-time agribusiness, young farmers are expected to fork out half a million euros in land, over and above their investment in cultivation machinery and tools.

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EUROPE: Can low-income households afford a healthy diet? 

EUROPE: Can low-income households afford a healthy diet?  | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it
In Europe, food insecurity is still a serious concern for individual and public health. Although progress has been made in reducing undernourishment, other types of malnutrition such as obesity and overweight are on the rise. Policies that aim at improving healthy eating and addressing food insecurity tend to focus on food aid, nutritional education and financial incentives. These policies are generally not targeted at the problem of insufficient income as a key barrier to access a healthy diet.
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SYRIA: Food Security in Decline as Wheat Shortages Loom

SYRIA: Food Security in Decline as Wheat Shortages Loom | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Syria’s food security issues seem set to continue this year, as the government warns that the country will need to import up to 200,000 tonnes of wheat each month to make up for domestic shortfalls. According to Mohammad Samer al-Khalil, the Minister of Economy and Foreign Trade, the imports are likely to cost around US$400 million ($565 million). Syria’s economy has weakened in recent months, following the economic crisis in neighbouring Lebanon. The crisis has had serious economic consequences for Damascus, which was already struggling after years of civil war. Concerns over government procurement of wheat also grew earlier this year when Kurdish wheat growers increased purchasing prices, directly competing with the government in Damascus.

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THE STATE OF FOOD SECURITY AND NUTRITION IN THE WORLD 2020

This year, the report includes a special focus on transforming food systems for affordable healthy diets. It analyses the cost and affordability of healthy diets around the world, by region and in different development contexts. New analysis is presented on the “hidden” health and climate-change costs associated with our current food consumption patterns, as well as the cost savings if we shift towards healthy diets that include sustainability considerations. The report also offers policy recommendations to transform current food systems and make them able to deliver affordable healthy diets for all – crucial to all efforts to achieve Zero Hunger – SDG2.

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Food Security in Tunisia: A Need to Move Back to Sovereignty

Food Security in Tunisia: A Need to Move Back to Sovereignty | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Since the end of French colonization in 1956, successive Tunisian governments have managed to ensure access to healthy and sufficient food for the vast majority of its citizens. Tunisia has a low level of hunger, with a 2018 score of 7.9 out of 50 on the Global Hunger Index (GHI), and this number has continued to trend downwards. Most Tunisians eat their fill and some even allow themselves luxury food products from time to time. Physical access to something to eat without too much trouble is not the challenge. The question is, given the context of a stagnant economy and high unemployment: at what cost?

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Lebanon considers first wheat imports in six years

Lebanon considers first wheat imports in six years | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Daily Star, 07/04 - Lebanon’s government is considering importing wheat for the first time since 2014, weighing its dwindling supply of dollars against concerns that the coronavirus may threaten the nation’s food security.

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Food Security and Conflicts in the Mediterranean Region

Sébastien Abis, Economy & Territory (IEMed, Mediterranean Year Book 2018)

There has always been a close connection between geopolitics and food security. Though this conflict dynamic is not new, it could intensify in the future. Such a world-wide observation takes on an exacerbated dimension in the Mediterranean Basin. To understand the interactions between agriculture, food and security, it is useful to put the challenges posed into perspective over time and recall certain factors.

Sébastien Abis (Director of the Club DEMETER and Research Fellow at the French Institute for International and Strategic Affairs (IRIS)), gives us his perspective in this new article.

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WTO Members Weigh Options for Addressing Farm Export Restrictions

WTO Members Weigh Options for Addressing Farm Export Restrictions | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By the ICTSD (International Center for Trade and Sustainable Development), 22/11/2018

WTO members are debating how to resolve long-standing disagreements over agricultural export restrictions and their impact on humanitarian food aid, sources told Bridges, with the issue taking centre stage during an informal meeting convened on 15 November by the chair of the organisation’s agriculture negotiations. Two new submissions from food-importing countries were discussed at the session, which was called by Guyana’s Ambassador John “Deep” Ford. At the same meeting, negotiators also discussed unresolved agricultural export competition issues, which involve measures seen as analogous to export subsidies at the WTO. 

A paper by Singapore highlighted the impact of export restrictions on food bought by the UN’s World Food Programme (WFP) for humanitarian aid, while another paper by Japan and five other co-sponsors examined the use of export restrictions more broadly, drawing on governments’ notifications to the World Trade Organization. The US also tabled a submission on tariffs, although sources said this was not discussed in great depth by participants...

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EBRD and EU improve Egypt’s wheat supply

EBRD and EU improve Egypt’s wheat supply | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By Bojana Gajic (ERBD), 28/11/2018

Egypt is one of the world’s biggest consumers of wheat – and one of its biggest importers. Egypt is currently producing 8 Mt of wheat every year, but consumes around 20 Mt. This huge gap is covered by imports from other markets such as Ukraine and North and South America.

The role of private companies that specialise in grain import will become even more important in the future as imports are projected to increase to 27 Mt by 2025.

Agribusiness companies have an untapped potential to become a crucial component of the Egyptian economy. But their growth is often hampered by lack of innovation, poor productivity and substantial skills mismatches.

The EBRD helps companies to modernise their operations and improve productivity, like Medsofts, a family-run company, today one of the biggest importers and suppliers of grains and oilseeds for the local market.

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Turkey's skyrocketing food prices show no sign of slowing

Turkey's skyrocketing food prices show no sign of slowing | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By Al Monitor, 07/11/2018

Turkey’s consumer inflation overshot expectations in October, climbing 2.67% and bringing year-on-year inflation to 25.2%, much to the chagrin of Treasury and Finance Minister Berat Albayrak, the president’s son-in-law, who had declared an “all-out fight against inflation” in mid-September.

The details of the inflation data, released Nov. 5, show that food prices shot up nearly 30% from October last year. In the subcategory of fresh fruits and vegetables, the increase was even more staggering, hitting 50%. For Turkey, such inflation is unprecedented since 2004.

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Indice FAO des prix des produits alimentaires a baissé pour le 5ème mois consécutif

Indice FAO des prix des produits alimentaires a baissé pour le 5ème mois consécutif | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

L’Indice FAO des prix des produits alimentaires est à son niveau le plus bas depuis mai dernier.

L’Indice FAO des prix des céréales s’est établi en moyenne à 166,3 points en octobre, soit un rebond de 2,2 points (1,3 pour cent) par rapport à septembre et une hausse de 13,6 points (8,9 pour cent) en glissement annuel. Parmi les principales céréales, la plus forte progression est à mettre au compte du maïs des États Unis, dont les cours ont été soutenus par de fortes exportations. Les prix du blé ont également progressé, principalement en raison du resserrement des projections de disponibilités, qui s’explique en particulier par la dégradation des perspectives de récoltes en Australie. En revanche, les prix du riz ont fortement baissé, car la pression des récoltes, la concurrence entre les exportateurs et les fluctuations des cours du change ont pesé sur les cours du riz Japonica et du riz parfumé.

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