MED-Amin network
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MED-Amin network
(Mediterranean Agricultural Information Network) Fostering cooperation and experience sharing among the national information systems on agricultural (cereals) markets in the Mediterranean. The network of 13 countries is coordinated by CIHEAM, and more specifically by its Mediterranean Agronomic Institute (MAI) of Montpellier.
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Egypt explores using modern irrigation methods in 175,000 feddan land

Egypt explores using modern irrigation methods in 175,000 feddan land | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Minister of Water Resources and Irrigation Mohamed Abdel Aaty and Minister of Agriculture and Land Reclamation El Sayed El Kosayer met on Wednesday to discuss implementation of modern irrigation systems in New Valley governorate. 
During the meeting, they addressed the possibility of converting about ​​175,000 feddan currently irrigated by flooding in New Valley to modern irrigation techniques.

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COVID-19 Food Policy Response Monitor for Egypt

COVID-19 Food Policy Response Monitor for Egypt | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it
The IFPRI Egypt Strategy Support Program (ESSP) is responding to the COVID-19 crisis by providing evidence-based information and analysis. As part of these efforts, IFPRI ESSP has launched the COVID-19 Food Policy Response Monitor for Egypt.
The Food Policy Response Monitor provides an overview of key food policy responses in a tabular format and is updated on a bi-weekly basis.
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Egypt’s self-sufficiency rate of wheat stood at 34.5% in 2017

Egypt’s self-sufficiency rate of wheat stood at 34.5% in 2017 | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

UkrAgroConsult, 28/01/2019 - Egypt’s self-sufficiency rate of rice reached 94.2% in 2017, with an average rice consumption per capita of 38.7 kg versus 34.7 kg in 2016, an increase of 11.5%,” the Central Agency for Public Mobilisation and Statistics (CAPMAS) announced in its annual bulletin of production movement, foreign trade, and available agriculture commodities for consumption in 2017.

It continued that the self-sufficiency rate of wheat stood at 34.5% in 2017 with an average wheat consumption per capita of 163.9 kg versus 137.8 kg in 2016, an increase of 18.9%.

 

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Gov't announces wheat cultivated areas rise to 1.5M feddans in winter

Gov't announces wheat cultivated areas rise to 1.5M feddans in winter | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By Egypt Today, 01/12/2018

The size of wheat cultivated areas increased to 1.5 million feddans at the beginning of this year's winter season as there is a target to reach 3.4 million feddans, according to a report by the Ministry of Agriculture.

The ministry told press on Saturday that subsidized fertilizers are provided to farmers cultivating wheat, and that it is running awareness campaigns to encourage more wheat cultivation.

The ministry has also launched inspection campaigns on vegetable crops, especially tomato and potato crops, to follow up on productivity, provide needed guidelines and instructions, and avoid the repercussions of climate change.

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CBOT wheat futures higher on US sale to Egypt

CBOT wheat futures higher on US sale to Egypt | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By Reuters, 28/11/2018

Chicago Board of Trade wheat futures closed higher on Monday as geopolitical tension in the Black Sea region and confirmation of US wheat sales to Egypt sparked a round of short-covering, traders said. CBOT December soft red winter wheat settled up 7-3/4 cents at $5.07-1/2 per bushel. K.C. December hard red winter wheat ended up 3-1/4 cents at $4.64-1/2 a bushel and MGEX December spring wheat rose 2-3/4 cents at $5.77. The US Department of Agriculture confirmed that private exporters sold 120,000 tonnes of US soft red winter wheat to Egypt for delivery in the 2018/19 marketing year. Escalating tension between Russia and Ukraine could slow grain exports from the Black Sea region, analysts said. Russia ignored Western calls to release three Ukrainian naval ships it had fired on and captured near Crimea over the weekend. The USDA reported export inspections of US wheat in the latest week at 252,489 tonnes, below a range of trade expectations for 350,000 to 600,000 tonnes. Ahead of the

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How agricultural policies failed a fertile country

How agricultural policies failed a fertile country | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it
By Noha El Tawil (Egypt Today), 27/11/2018
As domestic crop supply fails to meet market needs, Business Today Egypt looks at agriculture sector and the challenges of ensuring food security.
Agriculture, forestry and fishing constituted 11.5% of Egypt’ GDP (gross domestic product) last year, according to the World Bank, which may seem a significantly high number compared to developed countries like France (1.5%) and the UK (0.5). However, farmers in Egypt are suffering on various fronts.
Citizens’ complaints about the prices of food have been on the rise, and a campaign was launched to boycott fruits. President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi criticized homeowners building on agricultural land. With rising costs and various violations to deal with, the agricultural sector has had alot to contend with recently.
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Ukraine and Egypt Cooperate on Port Projects

Ukraine and Egypt Cooperate on Port Projects | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By The Maritime Executive, 08/11/2018

The Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority has signed a memorandum of cooperation with the port authorities of two Egyptian ports: Alexandria and Damietta. The agreement, signed in Kyiv in the Ukraine on November 2, involves the establishment of a bilateral working group with representatives of shipping lines, traders and port operators to stimulate the implementation of joint projects. It also provides for information exchange to assist shipping companies, importers, exporters and forwarders, exchange of experience in port modernization and the development of IT services and technologies.

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Egypt talking to banks about hedging for commodities

Egypt talking to banks about hedging for commodities | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By Reuters, 15/10/2018

Egypt, the world's largest wheat importer, is in the early stages of talks with international banks over a plan to hedge against the global rise in commodity prices, a government source said on Monday 15.

Egypt’s Finance Minister Mohamed Maait said in September his country was ready to implement an oil hedging policy but was waiting for the market to cool off. Cairo spends around $1.5 billion annually on wheat imports to stock a sprawling bread subsidy program relied on by tens of millions of Egyptians. 

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Missouri rice farmers eye export market on banks of Nile River

Missouri rice farmers eye export market on banks of Nile River | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it
By Melody Walker, 13/08/2018

It takes a lot of water to grow rice... Farmers in Missouri’s bootheel have plenty from underground aquifers, replenished by the Mississippi River. But in Egypt, the government has slashed rice planting in half to conserve water. A new dam near the Nile River’s source in Ethiopia is threatening to stem the flow to Egypt’s rice paddies. That could be an opportunity for Missouri, a leading rice-producing state. Half of the U.S. crop is exported. The current trade war and tariffs with China have led American producers to explore other markets.

When Greg Yielding from Missouri, heard about the situation in Egypt he had an idea. The director of emerging markets for the U.S. Rice Producers organization, instantly started thinking about making a trade deal. He proposed that Missouri export “rough” or unmilled rice to Egypt. “It could help them economically as well as be a sustainable food supply for their people,” Yielding said. Egyptian traders have been receptive. To which extent?

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Harvest 2018: Egypt's disappointments on wheat

Harvest 2018: Egypt's disappointments on wheat | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By Mona El-Fiqi (Ahram Online), 12 Jul 2018

This year’s wheat harvest has not met expectations, with different explanations being offered on why.

Despite an increase in the land planted with wheat this year (estimated at 3.26 million feddans compared to 2.9 million last year), the crop delivered by farmers to the government has been less than last season. Last year, farmers delivered 3.4 million tons of wheat to the state-operated silos used for storing wheat meant to produce subsidised bread. Due to the increase in wheat cultivation, the government expected to receive more wheat this season. However, the harvest season, lasting until the middle of July, has yielded just 3.15 million tons of wheat.

One of the reasons for the reduction could be the sudden changes in climate during the growing season. The weather was unexpectedly hot and then turned cooler accompanied by wind and rain.

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Faced With Drought, the Pharaohs Tried (and Failed) to Adapt

Faced With Drought, the Pharaohs Tried (and Failed) to Adapt | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By Livia Albeck-Ripka (The New York Times), March 30, 2018

Ancient Egyptian leaders increased their empire’s grain production and crossbred cattle for resilience in an early effort to ward off climate disaster, a study shows.

In a study published in this year’s edition of the journal Egypt and the Levant, the researchers pieced together ancient evidence — including flint and bone records from the fallen city of Megiddo, fossilized pollen data from the Sea of Galilee and ancient cattle DNA — to shed light on how Bronze Age Egyptians used careful planning and policies to adapt to a drought that lasted from around 1250 B.C. to 1100 B.C., while their ancient counterparts appeared to be less well prepared.

In anticipation of a crisis in their empire’s southeastern arid zones, ancient leaders ordered increased grain production in its greener parts, and crossbred local cattle with zebu, or humped cattle, to create a more heat-resistant plow animal, the researchers found.

Even with preparation, however, the Egyptian empire ultimately collapsed. But the study shows how recognizing and preparing for climate disaster can make societies more resilient.

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To download the scientific publication, click on this link

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Egypt’s local wheat buying surges in first two weeks of harvest (BlackSeaGrain)

Egypt’s local wheat buying surges in first two weeks of harvest (BlackSeaGrain) | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Egypt’s local wheat buying surges in first two weeks of harvest. Egypt, the world’s largest wheat importer, has so far bought 1.4 million tonnes of the grain from farmers in its harvest, procuring more than a third of its target in the first two weeks.

The rate of procurement this year is much higher because of weather conditions, which led to an earlier harvest compared to the same period last year. Egypt has tied its local wheat buying price to international prices for the second year in a row, upsetting some farmers who said the buying price was too low to justify growing the crop.

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Egypt world’s largest buyer of wheat aims to import 7M tons in 2018/19 (Egypt Today)

Egypt world’s largest buyer of wheat aims to import 7M tons in 2018/19 (Egypt Today) | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

CAIRO - 17 April 2018: Egypt is planning to import 7 million tons of the grain in the 2018-2019 financial year, according to a budget proposal document seen by Reuters.

Egypt hopes to pay an average price of $220 a ton cost and freight for the wheat during the same year, the proposal said.

A policy of tying local wheat purchase prices to global ones is also set to continue, according to the document.

Egypt annually consumes 14.5-15 million tons of wheat, exported and local, according to the state’s official statements.

The government plans to buy 4 million tons of wheat from local farmers during the current harvest season.

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Coronavirus: Egypt hopes agricultural exports will salvage pandemic-hit economy

Coronavirus: Egypt hopes agricultural exports will salvage pandemic-hit economy | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

The agriculture sector in Egypt, which has suffered neglect over many decades, has found a silver lining in the coronavirus pandemic. The disease outbreak has disrupted the supply chain around the world, with major producers finding it either difficult to send their crops to foreign markets or unable to satisfy demand in local markets. This has opened up a window of opportunity for Egyptian agricultural products in foreign markets, including those that were difficult to enter in the past because of fierce competition with products from other countries.

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Egypt’s Wheat Tenders – A Public Notice Board For Black Sea Grain Notations?

Egypt, the world’s biggest wheat importer, is the largest market for Black Sea wheat exports. Half of Egypt’s wheat imports are purchased by its government’s General Authority for Supply of Commodities (GASC), employing a tender system. Based on a unique data base of GASC tender prices, the price relationships between the GASC tender and Black Sea wheat exporters (Russia, Ukraine, Romania and Kazakhstan) and also France and the USA are investigated. Results of linear and threshold vector error correction models suggest that export prices in the Black Sea region continuously and rapidly adjust to GASC tender prices, while the GASC tender price only adjusts to the French export price. Obviously, the GASC tender price has the function of a wheat world market price in the Black Sea region. Also, the GASC tender system creates strong price competition between the Black Sea exporters and France. We trace this back to the fact that the GASC tender system enhances transparency about competitive prices of the Black Sea wheat market, where an effective price discovery mechanism is still missing.

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Download here http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/275853/files/Vortrag_157.pdf

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To Spain for grain: Egyptian delegation study tour on grain imports

To Spain for grain: Egyptian delegation study tour on grain imports | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By MedAgri News, 06/12/2018

Spain is one of the main grain importers in the Mediterranean region. As such, the country has a wealth of experience to offer to its North African neighbor on the other side of the sea who faces similar challenges managing the increasing demand for grain.  

A high-level public-private Egyptian delegation consisting of government representatives and members of the Egyptian Grain Suppliers Association (EGSA) travelled to Spain for a week-long study tour organized by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), as part of the Public-Private Policy Dialogue in the Egyptian Grain Sector Project.  The trip included visits in Madrid to the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food of Spain and private grain associations, and to the ports of Tarragona and Malaga.

Egypt currently imports over 23 million tonnes of grain, oilseeds, and protein meals and is forecast to increase to 27 million tonnes by 2025.

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GASC sets basic commodities tenders’ delivery in January

GASC sets basic commodities tenders’ delivery in January | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By Ahmed Lamloum (The Daily News Egypt), 27/11/2018

Egypt’s state grains’ buyer, the General Authority for Supply Commodities (GASC), announced the winning bid of Egypt’s first international rice buying tender on Tuesday, while it seeks to launch two vegetable oils and wheat international purchasing tenders for delivery in January.

The rice tender will be approved by the Minister of Supply, Ali Moselhy, after testing rice samples that were submitted by the bidders, a source in the ministry told Daily News Egypt. The financial offers of this tender were between $419.7 and $444 per tonne.

Also, Egypt is the world’s biggest wheat importer as it consumes 100bn of bread loaves annually. The Egyptian people spend EGP 5bn while the government pays EGP 60bn in subsidies for the bakery owners, according to Finance Minister Mohamed Moeit.

In an interview with Ahram newspaper on Saturday, Moeit said there will be no change in “the bread subsidy system no matter how much cost the country has to bear”.

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EBRD and EU improve Egypt’s wheat supply

EBRD and EU improve Egypt’s wheat supply | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By Bojana Gajic (ERBD), 28/11/2018

Egypt is one of the world’s biggest consumers of wheat – and one of its biggest importers. Egypt is currently producing 8 Mt of wheat every year, but consumes around 20 Mt. This huge gap is covered by imports from other markets such as Ukraine and North and South America.

The role of private companies that specialise in grain import will become even more important in the future as imports are projected to increase to 27 Mt by 2025.

Agribusiness companies have an untapped potential to become a crucial component of the Egyptian economy. But their growth is often hampered by lack of innovation, poor productivity and substantial skills mismatches.

The EBRD helps companies to modernise their operations and improve productivity, like Medsofts, a family-run company, today one of the biggest importers and suppliers of grains and oilseeds for the local market.

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Egypt about to fail on wheat self-sufficiency?

Egypt about to fail on wheat self-sufficiency? | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By PhysicsWorld, 29/10/2018

A plan by the Egyptian government to make the country self-sufficient in wheat will likely fail by the 2040s, according to a study by researchers in Egypt and the US.

The plan involves intensifying farming methods and the near-doubling of irrigated land for wheat production by 2035, from 3.9 to 7.7 million hectares. According to the study, however, even a modest growth in population will swiftly consume the extra yield from this expansion.

“As about 30% of wheat is irrigated globally, the challenges Egypt is facing are similar to other countries trying to increase agricultural production,” says Senthold Asseng of the University of Florida, US. “What we learn from our study in Egypt will also apply to other parts of the world.”

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Egypt imported 10 million tonnes of wheat from nine countries since January 2018

Egypt imported 10 million tonnes of wheat from nine countries since January 2018 | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By Ahram online, 08/11/2018

A report by Egypt's Ministry of Agriculture says that Egypt has imported 10.1 million tonnes of wheat from nine countries in Eastern Europe and Asia since January.

One of the world's largest wheat importers, Egypt imported nearly 7.1 million tonnes from Russia, the report said. In second place came Ukraine at 100,000 tonnes. Cairo spends around $1.5 billion annually on wheat imports

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World wheat price rises on Russian concerns

World wheat price rises on Russian concerns | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

by UkrAgroConsutl, 10/10/2018

Russia has played a key role in sending world wheat futures higher over the past couple of weeks.

Last week saw hefty gains in the US and to lesser extent in Europe as the trade became concerned about the potential for Russia to cut its export program, potentially through the use of hyper-strict phytosanitary requirements at port.

Peter McMeekin, consultant with Grain Brokers Australia, said Egypt had just purchased 180,000 tonnes of Russian wheat at its latest GASC tender at a price $US8 higher than the previous tender in mid-September. He said a rumoured Russian go-slow, based on supposed phytosanitary concerns, had caused concerns about delays at a number of key Russian grain export ports, but added over 650,000 tonnes of grain had been offered by Russian exporters over the December delivery window. More to read on the full article...

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FAO, EBRD workshop tackles food security in Egypt

FAO, EBRD workshop tackles food security in Egypt | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

FAO news, 18/07/2018 - The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) held two workshops on 17-18 July 2018 in Cairo (Egypt) on grain market data availability and quality in Egypt and supply chain efficiency and national food security, in cooperation with the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation, the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade, the Egyptian Grain Suppliers Association and other private sector representatives. 

Governmental and private sector representatives attended the workshop including the Egyptian Organization for Standardization and Quality, the General Organization for Export and Import Control, the Central Department of Quarantine, the General Administration of Food Control in the grain sector of the Ministry of Health and the National Food Safety Authority

The discussions during the two workshops focused (1) on reviewing the methodologies used to collect, prepare and validate Egyptian official estimates on areas planted and harvested, yields, consumption, trade and stocks of grains and oilseeds and (2) on identifying obstacles facing grain and oilseed imports to enable a more efficient supply chain that will ensure the availability of strategic commodities and reduce the cost of grain imports in the future.

According to the FAO and the EBRD, the private sector can help improve the sustainability of grain imports in the country by contributing their know-how and financial backing.

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Egypt turns from rice exporter to importer due to water scarcity

Egypt turns from rice exporter to importer due to water scarcity | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it
By Egypt Today, 05/07/2018

After being a rice exporter, Egypt will turn into an importer following the governmental measures reducing the rice-cultivated areas due to the water shortage crisis the country is suffering from.

Prime Minister Moustafa Madbouly and Minister of Supply and Interior Trade Ali Meselhi will discuss on Thursday the possibility of importing rice, one of the basic commodities for Egyptians, to meet the local market’s demands, according to a statement issued from the Cabinet on Thursday. Indeed, it is expected that Egypt will produce about 3.3 million tons this year, while the Egyptians’ annual consumption of rice is estimated at 4.3 million tons.

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Why is Egypt’s government promoting quinoa cultivation?

Why is Egypt’s government promoting quinoa cultivation? | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Having the potential to aid food security in the 21st century in the context of climate change, a national campaign to expand the cultivation of quinoa, a natural food resource of high nutritive value, has been launched by the Ministry of Agriculture. The quinoa seed is one of the alternatives that the Ministry of Agriculture has set to reduce dependence on other staples like wheat and rice where Egypt imports half of the wheat consumed annually. Moreover, quinoa is incredibly resilient and can grow in poor or salty soils, and it also has the ability to be grown well in very harsh circumstances, unlike most grains. Its first plot attempt in 2005 has good perspectives...

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Increase in Egyptian's rice cultivation of 15% (Egypt Today)

Increase in Egyptian's rice cultivation of 15% (Egypt Today) | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Egyptian government agreed to increase the area allocated for rice cultivation by 100,000 feddans only this season, bringing the total area of rice cultivation to 820,000 feddans. The new areas will be cultivated as experimental fields using high productivity seeds, noting that they will be irrigated by agricultural drainage water despite fears from the building of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) that would cut the country's share of the Nile. 

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