MED-Amin network
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MED-Amin network
(Mediterranean Agricultural Information Network) Fostering cooperation and experience sharing among the national information systems on agricultural (cereals) markets in the Mediterranean. The network of 13 countries is coordinated by CIHEAM, and more specifically by its Mediterranean Agronomic Institute (MAI) of Montpellier.
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After the Shutdown, a Deluge of Major USDA Reports

After the Shutdown, a Deluge of Major USDA Reports | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Successfull Farming, 28/01/2019 - The USDA will begin today to clear out a month’s worth of backlogged data, including major reports that could jolt commodity markets and color farmers’ decisions on crops to plant this spring.

Chief Economist Robert Johansson said there will be one exception — the globe-spanning WASDE Report that serves as a monthly crop report for the world.

“We will quickly and smoothly get back to full speed,” said Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue on social media.

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Europe’s wheat not bred to withstand climate change

Europe’s wheat not bred to withstand climate change | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By Arvin Donley (World Grain), 27/12/2018 — A group of European researchers have found that current breeding programs and cultivar selection practices in Europe do not provide the needed resilience to climate change. The authors state in a paper recently published in PNAS (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences) that the response diversity of wheat on farmers’ fields in most European countries has worsened in the past 5 to 15 years, depending on the country. Researchers predict that greater variability and extremeness of local weather conditions will lead to...

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NASA and FAO launch next-generation geospatial tool

NASA and FAO launch next-generation geospatial tool | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

FAO News, 12/12/2018

Seeing both forests and trees is about to get easier, thanks to a new open-access tool developed by US National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the UN's Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), with support from the Google Earth Engine Team and the US Government's SilvaCarbon Program  - allowing anyone to track land-use and landscape changes anywhere.

Collect Earth Online (CEO) amplifies the power of FAO's Open Foris Collect Earth tool, which for the past few years has enabled the collection of data on land use, deforestation and for other purposes with the help of satellite imagery. CEO will become a central technology supporting FAO's global Remote Sensing Survey. The new platform is web-based, free of charge, open to all, requires no downloads or installation, and allows users to systematically inspect any location on the Earth with satellite data.

The next generation tool makes it easier to conduct surveys, collect samples and use crowdsourcing techniques. CEO can be accessed by simply clicking on a link http://collect.earth/ and registering on the platform.

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New AMIS Market Monitor: November 2018

New AMIS Market Monitor: November 2018 | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

November issue, released on 01/11/2018 by AMIS

"With impacts of adverse weather having largely faded and tariff hikes already factored in, markets have become calmer in recent weeks. Nevertheless, despite firmer production estimates and the increased likelihood of a generally positive supply situation in the 2018/19 season, robust demand has kept prices tilted to the upside. Recent strong movements in currency and energy markets seem to have had little impact on market sentiment. The market’s focus is gradually shifting to growing conditions of crops in the ground or soon to be planted, against a backdrop of uncertainty given a possible El Niño event."

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GEOGLAM Crop Monitor for AMIS of September 2018

GEOGLAM Crop Monitor for AMIS of September 2018 | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

GEOGLAM Crop Monitor of September 2018 released on September 5, based on information as of 28 August 2018.

As of the end of August, soybean conditions are favourable while wheat, maize, and rice conditions are mixed. Winter wheat in the northern hemisphere has wrapped up with further reduced yield prospects in the EU and Ukraine. While spring wheat conditions are favourable with the exception of Canada. For maize in the southern hemisphere, the summer-planted crop in Brazil finishes up with a good national production despite lower yields. In the northern hemisphere, conditions are mixed in Europe and exceptional in the US. Rice in China and India are favourable while in Southeast Asia conditions are mixed. Soybean conditions are exceptional in US Midwest and mostly favourable throughout the rest of the northern hemisphere.

CIHEAM News's insight:

To download the full report, click here https://cropmonitor.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/AMIS_CropMonitor_201809.pdf

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MARS bulletin of North African countries for 2017-2018 campaign (last release)

MARS bulletin of North African countries for 2017-2018 campaign (last release) | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

27/07/2018 - MARS bulletins - crop monitoring in Europe - The European Commission's science and knowledge service

The second (and the last) bulletin of North African countries for 2017-2018 campaign has just been released by the JRC.

CIHEAM News's insight:

To download the whole bulletin, please click here

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An evaluation framework to build a cost-efficient crop monitoring system: from the European crop monitoring system case

An evaluation framework to build a cost-efficient crop monitoring system: from the European crop monitoring system case | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

This paper presents an evaluation framework followed to identify cost-efficient alternatives to extend the MARS Crop Yield Forecasting System (MCYFS), run by the European Commission Joint Research Centre since 1992, to other main producing areas of the world: Eastern European Neighbourhood, Asia, Australia, South America and North America. These new systems would follow the principles and components of the MCYFS Europe: a meteorological data infrastructure, a remote sensing data infrastructure, a crop modelling platform, statistical tools, a team of analysts and a crop area estimation component. The framework designed evaluates the performance of the possible MCYFS-like system realizations against six defined objectives and their costs. Possible monitoring systems are based on a combination of different technical solutions for each of the MCYFS components, and are evaluated through an automatic algorithm that calculates the expected system performance –relying on a priori expert judgement–, the costs, and possible risks to construct some technical solutions, to finally identify the cost-efficient ones. A baseline system, achieving the minimum required performance, was identified as the most efficient starting point for the MCYFS extension in all the geographical areas. Such system would be built upon: (i) near real-time reanalysis meteorological products; (ii) remote sensing data from low-resolution (~1 km) platforms with a long-term product archive; (iii) crop models based on crop-specific model calibration from experimental data published in scientific literature; (iv) statistical methods based on trend and regression analysis applied to national level; (v) a team of analysts with specific technical profiles (on meteorology, remote sensing, and agronomy); and (vi) digital classification of very high resolution imagery supported by non-expensive ground surveys for area estimation. In countries where accessibility to local data and resources is high the baseline system can be upgraded enhancing some of the components: sub-national statistical analysis with additional statistical methods like multiple regression or scenario analysis; recruitment of experts on local agricultural conditions in the team of analysts; local calibration of crop models with experimental data; and exploiting high and low resolution biophysical products from remote sensing for crop monitoring.

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Crop modelers to meet in Montpellier, France (iCROPM2020 Symposium) Save the Date !

Four years after the first International Crop Modelling Symposium in Berlin (iCROPM2016), crop modelers from around the world will meet at the iCROPM2020 Symposium in Montpellier (France), 3-5 February 2020, to exchange on advances in crop modelling and identify challenges and new opportunities for future research.

iCROPM2020 will focus on recent improvements and applications of crop simulation models to better support agricultural production and food security under global change. All types of crops and cropping systems (arable, grasslands, intercrops) and world regions will be considered, including high and low inputs systems,
with relevance for large agricultural enterprises to smallholder farmers.

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More floods and water scarcity ahead, but there is still time to mitigate their severity

More floods and water scarcity ahead, but there is still time to mitigate their severity | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

EU releases, 11/12/2018 - Flooding and water scarcity in Europe will increase in the coming decades, but to a much lesser extent if the objectives of the Paris Agreement on climate change are met.

A new JRC study looks at the impact of the changing climate, land use and water usage on Europe's water resources.

"We used a water resources model to estimate the impact of the changing climate under two 30-year scenarios. In one scenario, the targets of the Paris Agreement to keep global temperature rise below 2˚C are met. In the other, global temperatures increase by more than 2˚C. We modelled the consequences on Europe's water resources under these two scenarios", said JRC researcher Ad De Roo.

Researchers concluded that while the impacts would be substantially less severe if the Paris Agreement targets were met, flooding and summer water scarcity are projected to increase under both scenarios.

"To minimise future consequences, it is essential that the targets of the Paris Agreement are met sooner rather than later, and it is even better if we manage to stay well below those targets. We also believe that mitigation alone is not enough but that adaptation strategies such as water saving and efficiency measures will also be needed to cope with the future climate change impacts", Ad De Roo said.

CIHEAM News's insight:

https://ec.europa.eu/clima/news/europe-ready-climate-impacts-commission-evaluates-its-strategy_en

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Crop Monitor for AMIS | December 2018

Crop Monitor for AMIS | December 2018 | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

AMIS Crop Monitor released on 6 December 2018

As of the end of November, conditions are generally favourable for all four crops with most seasons drawing to a close in the northern hemisphere. Winter wheat in the southern hemisphere is entering harvest under generally favourable conditions with the exception of Australia. In the northern hemisphere winter wheat is going into dormancy with some areas of concern in China and Europe. Maize sowing in the southern hemisphere is progressing under favourable conditions, albeit with some dryness in South Africa. Rice in Asia is generally favourable with some mixed conditions in Thailand and the Philippines. Soybean conditions are favourable as sowing progresses in Brazil and Argentina.

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Agricultural Market Information System: November 2018 Crop Monitoring Bulletin

Agricultural Market Information System: November 2018 Crop Monitoring Bulletin | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

by AMIS, 01/11/2018

The November Crop Monitor for AMIS countries has been released.

Despite a generally positive supply outlook for 2018/19, the latest edition of the AMIS Market Monitor notes that robust demand has kept prices tilted to the upside for all AMIS crops while recent strong movements in currency and energy markets seem to have had little impact on market sentiment. With El Niño possibly developing later this year, the market’s focus is gradually shifting to growing conditions of crops in the ground or soon to be planted.

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Le secteur agricole mise sur l’exploitation des données spatiales

Le secteur agricole mise sur l’exploitation des données spatiales | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Par Claire Guyot, Euractiv.fr, 12/07/2018.

L’accès aux données est devenu un enjeu central pour le secteur  agricole. Et pourrait bénéficier des programmes spatiaux européens.

Du champ à l’espace, il n’y a qu’un pas. Avec le développement de l’agriculture de précision, l’accès aux données devient de plus en plus central pour le secteur agricole.

Au niveau européen, trois programmes spatiaux peuvent être mobilisés par le secteur agricole. Le programme d’observation de la Terre Copernicus tout d’abord, dont les données collectées trouvent des applications pour la compréhension du changement climatique, de l’évolution de la biomasse ou encore de la gestion de l’eau. Les programmes de navigation par satellite Galileo et EGNOS ensuite particulièrement utiles pour l’agriculture de précision, les usages de ces systèmes vont du guidages des engins agricoles à l’application de débit variables, le suivi des récoltes et du bétail.

Si l'ouverture de l'approche européenne donne accès à une masse de données considérables, elle pose la question de leur compréhension et de leur exploitation par les agriculteurs. Un besoin de sensibilisation de ces derniers semblent urgent et primordial afin de "ne pas manquer la marche".
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La sécheresse en Europe de l'est fait monter le prix du blé

La sécheresse en Europe de l'est fait monter le prix du blé | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

jeu. 21 juin 2018 à 14:03 •  AFP

Les prix du blé étaient encore en légère hausse jeudi à la mi-journée, prolongeant le mouvement de rebond de la veille à la faveur d'une parité euro/dollar encore un peu plus avantageuse et de conditions météo difficiles en Europe de l'Est.

L'euro baissait face au dollar, tout comme la livre avant une décision de la Banque d'Angleterre, dans un marché s'interrogeant sur les politiques monétaires des grandes banques centrales.

Le Premier ministre polonais Mateusz Morawiecki a mis en garde contre des pertes « très importantes » de récoltes de blé, alors que son gouvernement cherche à aider les agriculteurs touchés par une sécheresse et des chaleurs inhabituelles.

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Cold and Wet Conditions Delay Spring Sowing : MARS bulletins of April- crop monitoring in Europe

Cold and Wet Conditions Delay Spring Sowing : MARS bulletins of April- crop monitoring in Europe | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

MARS bulletins - crop monitoring in Europe - The European Commission's science and knowledge service

In particular, it shows how extreme meteorological conditions affect the spring sowing campaign in some EU and Mediterranean regions. Yields could be slightly affected...

CIHEAM News's insight:

To download the report, click here

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