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Top six Apps for creating word clouds

Top six Apps for creating word clouds | Language learning |
A post looking at different iOS Apps that can be used to make word clouds

Via Ana Cristina Pratas
Diane Johnson's curator insight, October 21, 2015 3:58 PM

Interesting method for students to demonstrate understanding or find the big ideas from the learning.

Rosemary Tyrrell, Ed.D.'s curator insight, November 8, 2015 9:08 PM

Timely! I was just looking for some great Word Cloud apps. 

Kimberly House's curator insight, January 7, 2016 7:45 AM

From free to pretty cheap, great options for creating word clouds. 

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Google Templates for Students (Updated)

Google Templates for Students (Updated) | Language learning |
Looking for a template to get your students started on a project? We’ve found some great Google Docs and Slides templates to use as they are or change up to match your classroom.
bostmag's curator insight, March 24, 2018 7:37 PM

Something for everybody:

Templates are organized under the following headings:

Cross-curricular resources

Elementary Templates

English/Language Arts


Templates for Science/Social Studies

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30 Free Google Drawings Graphic Organizers

30 Free Google Drawings Graphic Organizers | Language learning |
Graphic organizers are a great tool to share information, explain a concept, or illustrate a relationship using elements including images, shapes, text, colors, and connecting lines. They can be used in education with any age group or subject area.

Via Nik Peachey
Rosemary Tyrrell, Ed.D.'s curator insight, March 12, 2018 1:20 PM
Some nice examples. 
T@T lab's curator insight, March 12, 2018 4:16 PM

Very Useful

Kayleigh Hunter's curator insight, February 9, 2:13 PM

These Google Drawings can be a great help for you to jot down information or record yourself.  This article shows how to create 30 different graphic organizers on Google.

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DesignCap - Online Poster Maker - Free, Simple, No Account Required

DesignCap - Online Poster Maker - Free, Simple, No Account Required | Language learning |
Designing digital posters can provide a quick, creative, and engaging way for students to show what they know. DesignCap is free and easy to use.

Via Tom D'Amico (@TDOttawa)
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25 Teaching Tools To Organize, Innovate, & Manage Your Classroom - TeachThought

25 Teaching Tools To Organize, Innovate, & Manage Your Classroom - TeachThought | Language learning |
Over the years, many of us have personally experienced the growth of technology in today’s classrooms.

Instead of taking notes, students are now occupied by surfing the Internet, scrolling through Facebook, and messaging their friends on their smart phones, tablets, and laptops. Instead of focusing on the instruction, teachers are constantly required to interrupt class in order to remind those students again and again, that class time is for learning, not texting. However, as today’s students are using more technological devices, it is imperative that teachers have access to the resources to keep pace with the growing tech culture.

The use of smart phones, tablets, and other tech items in the classroom do not necessarily have to have a negative impact on student achievement. On the contrary, the increasing accessibility and growth of technology presents teachers with the unique opportunity to take advantage of those once distracting gadgets, and use them to facilitate academic achievement in new and innovative ways. In this capacity, teachers do not need to be constantly fighting for student attention, but can freely accept it, by introducing a new educational environment that will automatically encourage student participation.

Below are some resources that teachers may find useful when attempting to implement technology into their classrooms, separated by 5 common areas that are increasingly important for teachers, and for an effective learning environment—Organization, Project Based Learning, Class Management, Presentations, and Assessment.

Via John Evans
Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s curator insight, February 9, 2018 8:41 AM
This is a good list to review and use within your 21st Century teaching and learning environments.'s curator insight, February 17, 3:07 PM
This article show us a big amount of tools that we can use to teach through technology (cellphones, tablets, laptops) in order to keep students engaged with our classes. Nowadays, we need to be famirialized with this resources since almost everybody has access to this devices.  
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A List of 10 Social Media Skills for Every Modern Teacher [Infographic] by GDC Team

A List of 10 Social Media Skills for Every Modern Teacher [Infographic] by GDC Team | Language learning |
by GDC Team

Via Tom D'Amico (@TDOttawa)
Elizabeth Hutchinson's curator insight, December 12, 2017 1:34 AM
A great place to start as a teacher if you are wanting to think about using social media in the classroom. 
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5 herramientas para crear tus propias actividades interactivas en clase

5 herramientas para crear tus propias actividades interactivas en clase | Language learning |

Desde vídeos hasta presentaciones en PowerPoint, el docente puede incorporar contenido de creación propia a sus clases como complemento al temario de la asignatura. En este sentido, también puede elaborar sus propias actividades interactivas, como crucigramas o sopas de letras, de forma sencilla y rápida con ayuda de estas herramientas on line.

Via Gumersindo Fernández
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If We Talked About the Internet Like We Talk About OER: The Cost Trap and Inclusive Access

Via Miguel Zapata-Ros
Miguel Zapata-Ros's curator insight, November 16, 2017 2:56 AM
Importantísimo artículo de Wiley: ¿De qué valen los OER (Recursos Educativos Abiertos) sin una PEDAGOGÍA DE LO ABIERTO?
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Realidad Virtual desde la secundaria

Realidad Virtual desde la secundaria | Language learning |
Web con la experiencia llevada a cabo por alumnos de 1º de bachillerato y 4º de la ESO en diferentes talleres realizados.

Via Gumersindo Fernández
Presenters's curator insight, December 25, 2017 5:38 AM
La realidad virtual ha irrumpido con fuerza en el panorama actual. Pero, ¿podemos aprender a utilizarla desde jóvenes?
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Innovating Pedagogy 2017 – The Ed Techie

Innovating Pedagogy 2017 – The Ed Techie | Language learning |
When we started the intention was to make it distinct from the NMC New Horizon reports by focusing on pedagogy. I think, to be honest, in those early ones there was probably a technology focus still, but as it’s progressed it has really moved away from this to more pedagogy, socially focused issues.

Via Nik Peachey
melindaannalford's curator insight, December 11, 2017 1:01 AM
Very cool read I like the part about open textbooks 
Norton Gusky's curator insight, December 11, 2017 8:59 AM
A UK product that attempts to look at the pedagogy rather than the technology to emerging trends in education and learning K-12.
Susanna Lavialle's curator insight, February 28, 2018 3:52 PM
Interesting stuff
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Response: Ways to use Questions Effectively in the Classroom

Response: Ways to use Questions Effectively in the Classroom | Language learning |
Jeri Asaro, Dan Rothstein, Diana Laufenberg, Rebecca Mieliwocki, Jenny Edwards, Scott Reed, Cara Jackson and Ben Johnson share suggestions on how to use questions effectively in the classroom.
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AYUDA PARA MAESTROS: 80 herramientas TIC y blogs educativos que no te puedes perder si eres docente

AYUDA PARA MAESTROS: 80 herramientas TIC y blogs educativos que no te puedes perder si eres docente | Language learning |
Blog con recursos para docentes y actividades interactivas para todos los niveles educativos
Via Silvano Poblano Morales
Carmen Herreros insight:
Una lista excelente
jon akarregi's curator insight, November 30, 2016 1:37 PM

Ikten erabilera hezkuntzan

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Uso de videos interactivos para evaluación inmediata del aprendizaje

Uso de videos interactivos para evaluación inmediata del aprendizaje | Language learning |
Hoy en día, la mayoría de los alumnos utilizan sus smartphones como apoyo a
su proceso de aprendizaje. Entre los recursos más populares que utilizan
para aprender, repasar y reforzar su aprendizaje están los videos. 

Via Mariano Fernandez S.
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PDFill PDF Tools: Completo set de herramientas para PDF 

PDFill PDF Tools: Completo set de herramientas para PDF  | Language learning |
Con PDFill PDF Tools podrás agregar encabezados y pie de páginas a los archivos PDF de forma sencilla. La plataforma te permite introducir textos personalizados, pudiendo seleccionar: El tipo y estilo de fuente, los márgenes (superior, izquierdo, derecho e inferior) y los bordes, entre otros parámetros.

Via Gumersindo Fernández
jordi labernia's curator insight, August 28, 2017 9:59 AM
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How Blockchain Will Transform Credentialing (and Education)

How Blockchain Will Transform Credentialing (and Education) | Language learning |
According to a new report by the Joint Research Centre (JRC), the European Commission’s science and knowledge service, Blockchain will end paper based certificates, automate the award, recognition and transfer of credits, increase learner ownership and control over their own data, reduce institutional data costs and risk–but only if open standards are adopted.
Gust MEES's curator insight, March 16, 2018 12:08 PM

According to a new report by the Joint Research Centre (JRC), the European Commission’s science and knowledge service, Blockchain will end paper based certificates, automate the award, recognition and transfer of credits, increase learner ownership and control over their own data, reduce institutional data costs and risk–but only if open standards are adopted.


Learn more / En savoir plus / Mehr erfahren:


davidconover's curator insight, March 20, 2018 1:32 PM
Here is an excellent report on How Blockchain Will Transform Credentialing (and Education). This hyperledger will change your district. Who will create and grant these certifications? #ibm, #blockchain, #IBMchampion, #weteachcs. #IBMcode, #edtech
Joann David's curator insight, March 23, 2018 10:23 AM
The evolution of eportfolios and career management
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Las 7 mejores webs de libros para leer libros gratis

Las 7 mejores webs de libros para leer libros gratis | Language learning |

Gracias a Internet nos pasamos el día leyendo: publicaciones en redes sociales, artículos en medios como este, noticias, etc. Hoy vamos a ir un paso más allá, recopilando las mejores webs para leer libros gratis.

Obviamente, solo hemos tenido en cuenta aquellas plataformas en las que no se vulneran los derechos de autor: o tienen autorización o son obras clásicas que ya forman parte del patrimonio.

Via Gumersindo Fernández
Idoya Puig's curator insight, March 12, 2018 10:59 AM
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To Boost Higher-Order Thinking, Try Curation

To Boost Higher-Order Thinking, Try Curation | Language learning |
Higher-level thinking has been a core value of educators for decades. We learned about it in college. We hear about it in PD. We’re even evaluated on whether we’re cultivating it in our classrooms

Via Nik Peachey
Kim Flintoff's comment, April 23, 2017 8:35 PM
Identified some of this years ago in:
Sarah's curator insight, June 4, 2017 8:20 PM
This is a bit of inception with an article on the benefits of curation, curated into a collection on Scoop It. This article discusses the way that curation can enhance higher order thinking by allowing students understand, analyze and evaluate content matter as they curate it. It gives examples of tasks as well as way to present the information. It is a great resource for planning activities to cultivate higher order thinking.
GwynethJones's curator insight, February 11, 2018 7:47 PM

To Boost Higher-Order Thinking, Try Curation by @cultofpedagogy Super GREAT Post with LOTS of Great ideas!

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SMMRY - Summarize Everything

SMMRY - Summarize Everything | Language learning |
Summarize articles, text, websites, essays and PDF documents online for free with SMMRY. Developers can also implement our free API into applications that may require summarization.

Via Nik Peachey
Nik Peachey's curator insight, January 30, 2018 4:32 AM

Very useful tool for getting a quick overview of any text.

Amin Neghavati's curator insight, January 30, 2018 10:02 PM
Useful to be used with learners to teach them how to summarise articles.
Edward Russell's curator insight, February 2, 2018 5:55 AM
Perfect for busy / lazy people and could make for a good start to teaching summary writing skills! 
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Diccionario para saber todo sobre datos en la era digital

Diccionario para saber todo sobre datos en la era digital | Language learning |
Si eres principiante en materia de datos digitales, con este glosario podrás comprender algunos de los términos y conceptos más comúnmente utilizados en la

Via Silvano Poblano Morales
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Skills vs Competencies. What’s the Difference? - TalentAlign « TalentAlign

Skills vs Competencies. What’s the Difference? - TalentAlign « TalentAlign | Language learning |
Do we use the term Competencies when we mean Skills? What is the difference between Competencies and Skills?

Via Miguel Zapata-Ros
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Storytelling with Data Visualization

Storytelling with Data Visualization | Language learning |
Does your data tell a story and can you visualize it? We look at the history and thought processes behind data visualization and successful infographics.

Via José Carlos
Dianita Páez's curator insight, May 14, 2015 1:23 PM

Infografías que cuenten historias. 

Davies Blake's curator insight, May 28, 1:40 PM
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facts of white widow has a 30% discount going on from 1st till the 15th of April due to the outbreak of corona virus. please stay home place, your orders
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Next generation learning

Next generation learning | Language learning |

Learning 2.0 is socially much richer and more participatory, and relies more on interaction with other learners than any previous learning approach. This change has been realised through access to inexpensive internet tools that offer easy ways to connect with others of similar interest. There is a growing understanding that it's not so much what you know anymore, but who you know. No longer is the computer your only mind tool and extension of your memory - now you can also call on everyone else in the world. Social media are enabling learners everywhere to connect and work together with each other, forming convenient communities and networks of shared interest. The full power of the Learning 2.0 approach has yet to be realised, but already we are seeing radical shifts in the way learning is conducted. I also argued that if we view sequenced versions of the Web, based on the way learners use it, we will inevitably have to think of Learning 3.0, and beyond.

Via Cristóbal Suárez, Edumorfosis
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Some of The Best Tools for Creating Video Lessons

Some of The Best Tools for Creating Video Lessons | Language learning |
Free resource of educational web tools, 21st century skills, tips and tutorials on how teachers and students integrate technology into education
Willem Kuypers's curator insight, November 14, 2017 3:42 AM
Quelques sites web pour créer des vidéos avec commentaire au lieu de simplement montrer les vidéos au cours.
Juanita Amiel Townsend's curator insight, November 15, 2017 11:36 PM

I've used 3 of the 8 tools featured in this article. It's fun to find some new (to me) resources. 

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10 Tools & Resources for Developing Writing Skills

10 Tools & Resources for Developing Writing Skills | Language learning |
Over the last couple of months I've found and written about a number of really great tools and resources to help improve our students' writing skills. This is a collection of links to reviews of ten of the best.

Via Nik Peachey
Nik Peachey's curator insight, October 16, 2017 8:21 AM

Some links to free tools and resources for writing development.

Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.'s curator insight, October 20, 2017 3:04 PM
These are very good resource writing tools that you can adapt and modify to fit within your 21st Century Teaching and Learning environments.
D33ana Sumadianti's curator insight, November 16, 2017 4:00 AM
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Immigrants, Refugees, and Asylum Seekers; Displaced Persons In The United States

“If this country ever goes under, 

it will be for needless, egregious hypocrisy.” 

— Norman Mailer, "Harlot’s Ghost"


Somewhere in Heaven, English author George Orwell is either laughing, crying, or looking on; mouth agape, speechless. The total corruption of the meaning of words in the English language, the acceptance by the general public of propaganda as news, and the surveillance of every single individual by Big Brother that he wrote about in the novel "1984" (published in 1949) have all come true. I’m sure the explanation of “humanitarian bombing” would be of particular interest to him. The mainstream media in this country has reduced the immigration crisis to something like: “Illegal aliens from Mexico are coming to take your jobs and live on your tax money. Good refugees from the Middle East are fleeing to Europe to escape Bashir Assad. Oh, by the way, the Muslims coming to the USA might be terrorists.”


Nowhere is the bastardization of language more apparent than in the current immigration crisis; not only in the Middle East and Europe, but in the United States of America. While the mainstream media is currently obsessed with Syrians fleeing “terrorists” attempting to get to Europe, it completely ignores the fact that the USA has it’s own refugee crisis; both with people fleeing our economic and military warfare around the world, as well as within our own borders, And just as Europe’s refugee crisis is a case of the unintended consequences of (primarily) British, French, and German colonialism coming home to roost, the immigration crisis in the United States is also of our own making.


The only people it is currently politically correct to vilify about immigration are “Mexicans” and Muslims. Nobody talks about the undocumented people here from Australia, Canada, Europe, and India; primarily because they are “model minorities” who will work cheaper than citizens of the United States. Most of them integrate seamlessly into American society, and they are usually conservative, and keep their mouths shut about immigration and foreign policy issues. And of course, they are mostly “white,” and so automatically benefit from the inherent privilege of the dominant Anglo-centric culture.


The United States of America is a nation of refugees. To be clear, a migrant is a person who voluntarily moves from from one geographical location to another for economic or personal reasons. An immigrant is someone who voluntarily decides to become the citizen of another country, and has the resources to do so. A refugee is a person who has been forced to leave their country, often in fear for their lives. Not only is the United States full of refugees from our foreign policy in Central and South America, most of the Muslims who have come here in over the past 20 years are refugees from our follies in the Middle East. (folly, noun: foolishness, foolhardiness, stupidity, idiocy, lunacy, madness, rashness, recklessness, imprudence, injudiciousness, irresponsibility, thoughtlessness, indiscretion; informal craziness. ANTONYMS wisdom).


The refugee crisis in the Americas began in 1492, and has continued unabated since Christopher Columbus landed in the “West Indies.” The indigenous people of this hemisphere have been refugees from genocide, colonization, and European diseases for over 500 years. The conquest of the Americas was the beginning of one of the longest refugee crisis in the history of the world; second only to the exclusion of Jews from Europe. Unfortunately, both the exclusion of the “darker peoples” (Moors and Jews) from European countries, and the expropriation of indigenous people’s land in the Americas (and Australia and Oceana. And Africa. And Asia.) continues to this day. Most of the people crossing the “border” into the United States are actually migrants; their ancestors bones are buried in the Americas, the land is literally in their blood. They consider the plants and animals on these continents to be their relatives. It is the Europeans and Africans who are the “illegal aliens” in these lands.


The public school narrative in our country generally goes something like this: “Christopher Columbus discovered America, and then people from England and Northern Europe founded the colonies that became the United States of America. And Canada and Australia.” Of course it is rarely mentioned that Chris was working for (and was possibly a lover of) the Queen of Spain. There may be a cursory mention of the Spanish conquests of Mexico and Central and South America, but American history is so Anglo-centric that most Americans know next to nothing about the Spanish history of the United States. The Americas are unique, because along with Australia, they are the only continents where the original inhabitants were almost entirely killed off and replaced by another ethnic group. The Inca, Mayan, Aztec, Filipino, and other lesser known civilizations were decimated by disease, firearms, and hard liquor. 

In Europe, Asia, and Africa, different kingdoms took turns conquering each other; but for the most part the Nubians, Egyptians, Greeks, Romans, Huns, Mongols eventually went home. However, once they crossed the Atlantic and discovered the Pacific Ocean, the English, Germans, Spanish, and French did not. They over-stayed their welcome in the Americas, Oceana, Australia (and Africa and Asia), the legacy of which haunts Europe to this day. The Roman Empire morphed into to the Spanish, French, and British Empires. The United States of America is the final stage of this particular brand of militarized theocracy.


The average person going to “The Americas” was doing so out of duress. Like today, most people don’t have the wherewithal or the resources to just pick up and move to a foreign country. Most people never leave their ancestral homes, friends, and families unless there is some very compelling reason for them to do so. This country was not settled by bored dilettantes or timid bourgeois looking for adventure. Nobody in their right mind is going to get on a tiny, leaky, scurvy-ridden boat with a bunch of shifty-eyed strangers, cross an ocean full of sea monsters, and then have to live among people trying to hold onto their ancestral lands with arrows and spears and clubs. Not to mention the bears, wolves, cougars, wolverines, badgers, coyotes, bobcats, strange diseases, and most frightening of all: uncertainty. It wasn’t like they had round-trip tickets, like if they didn’t succeed they could always go back to…wait, that’s why they left; there was no “there” there anymore.


Most of the people who settled America were running from something; the law, a marriage, a disgruntled business partner, a jealous husband. Or perhaps they had been chased off of their ancestral lands by some duke or baron, or the King decided he wanted their 12-year old daughter for one of his serving wenches, or their village or country had been invaded, or disease and starvation had decimated their community.  Sometimes they were individuals who were given a choice by the local magistrate; “Get on that boat, or get your neck stretched.” Whatever, it wasn’t people from polite society suddenly deciding on a whim to go to America for a better life. There was no “better life” until most of the people and animals on these continents and islands had been killed and/or displaced. The people who colonized the land from the Atlantic to the Pacific were not Boy Scouts. It is easy to understand America’s propensity for violence: the code of the frontier was: “Shoot first, ask questions later.”


 The Refugee Crises In The United States


Those paying attention in history class in the U.S.A. may have heard of the Indian Removal Act of 1830. Probably not, though. This involved the “resettlement” of the Five Civilized Tribes, (Cherokee, Choctaw, Muskogee, Chickasaw, and Seminole), from the Deep South to the Oklahoma Territories. While Native Americans had been driven off of  their land since the arrival of the Euros to these shores, this was an official expropriation by President Andrew Jackson, with the consent and approval of Congress. By 1837, at least 46,000 (undoubtedly more) indigenous people had been removed from their homelands, opening up the Southeastern United States for settlement.  These refugees included Europeans and Africans who had been living among the tribes. Thousands of people died along the way; the route became known as the “Trail of Tears. This was the first refugee crisis in America created by government fiat. 


By the mid-1800’s, America was sufficiently “settled” so that the European middle-class could indeed come and seek opportunity, by which I mean riches. Most people didn’t come here to work hard and save their money and blah, blah, blah. The only reason to risk life and limb and spend all of your and your families life savings to come to America was to get rich; fast, and by any means necessary. Let me put it another way; there was precious little need for social workers and designers and managers. There was much need for steely-eyed gunmen, blacksmiths, wranglers, hunters, trappers; hard men, and the women who could put up with them. Farmers? No so much; nobody ate vegetables in those days. Starting with the Gold Rush in 1849, America forever became a symbol of not just a better life, but of getting rich…quick. 


However, once here, “immigrants” faced a sobering reality. Being “white” meant nothing if you were in the way off another mans wealth and power. While there were indeed massacres of settlers by pissed-off locals; there were also scores of “range wars” fought between large land owners and small ranchers and farmers. It was common practice for the afore mentioned steely-eyed gunmen to kill entire families or even whole communities; sometimes while disguised as Native Americans. People only moved West if they had too; and they usually only had too when some railroad baron or big rancher claimed, bought, or just straight out stole their land. “Go West, Young Man” was not only an entreaty of Manifest Destiny; it was often an ultimatum.


Given the current political climate in this country, it’s hard to believe that the United States actually recruited immigrants to populate the Westward expansion, as well as to provide a steady flow of cheap labor for the Eastern and Mid-Western factories (as well as cannon-fodder for future wars). Millions of people left Eastern Europe, Ireland, and Italy fleeing famine, wars, and abject poverty. In 1883, this refugee crisis prompted Emma Lazarus to write a sonnet called “The New Colossus,” which was engraved on a plaque and placed at the base of the Statue of Liberty. This was supposed to be what America was all about: liberty and justice for all. The poem ends with these immortal lines:


“Keep ancient lands, your storied pomp!” cries she

With silent lips. Give me your tired, your poor,

Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free,

The wretched refuse of your teeming shore,

Send these, the homeless, tempest-toss to me,

I lift my lamp beside the golden door!”


Unfortunately, once they got here, many Slavs, Jews, Irish, Portuguese, and Italians found themselves segregated into ghettos, and discriminated against in housing and employment. Apparently Congress did not agree with this whole “give us tired, your poor” thing, and President Chester A. Arthur’s unremarkable term in office was further tarnished when he signed the Chinese Exclusion Act in 1883. This was the first time in this country’s history that a specific ethnic group had been officially excluded from immigrating here. Although this act was initially intended to last for 10 years, it was not repealed until 1943. 


I don’t know what they’re teaching kids in school these days, but I doubt many of them have to read The Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck anymore. Which is a crime, because in addition to being one of the best novels ever written by an American, it demonstrates that the class divide in this country is at least as strong as the racial one. The Dust Bowl migration saw approximately three and a half million people, almost all of them of European descent, move out of the Great Plains and the Southeastern United States; most of them to California. The “dust” in the Dust Bowl was topsoil that has been killed by the modern techniques of plowing and irrigation, followed by severe drought. This resulted in one of greatest ecological catastrophes in the history of the world, as the farmland of the Great Prairie simply dried up and blew away.  Once again, the refugees from these disasters were not exactly welcomed (apparently nobody read Ms. Lazarus’s poem). Anti-“Okie,” “Arkie,” and “Texie” sentiment against these domestic refugees resulted in property destruction, beatings, and even murder. Some of these poor souls ended up in domestic exile in one of the most inhospitable places on Earth at the edge of the Mojave Desert; Bakersfield, California (The last I was there, it was 115•F).  


The Great Migrationis the name given to the movement of approximately six million African Americans from the Dirty South to the Midwest, Northeast, and  Western states in the first half of the 20th Century. Again, nobody leaves their ancestral home without a compelling reason. As in the rest of the Global South, oil, timber, and fertile farmland were bought up by “landlords” and corporations. The land of former slaves and “freedmen” was expropriated by legal and extra-judicial means. If you had a choice, it was to be either a sharecropper or tenant farmer, subject to the whims of the land owner. How many lynchings and other murders were actually about property disputes? We’ll never know. Certainly some of these people were leaving voluntarily to seek better life, but did they really have an option? African Americans (and poor whites) were refugees first, then migrants. The migration from the South to other parts of this country continues to this day; and it’s a one way trip. Nobody decides to go back to the southern states after seeing the rest of the country. The recent events in Ferguson, Missouri show that conditions in The Dirty South are still bad enough to uh, inspire people to “get the Hell out of Dodge.”


Internally Displaced Persons


The United States has approximately two million individuals incarcerated in prisons and jails. We won’t go into how many people are being held in “black” sites around the world; these numbers are just within the borders of the United States. Two million persons without a home, separated for years, or for their entire lives from their families and communities. Conditions in most jails and prisons in the United States are the very definition cruel and unusual punishment; which the Constitution and the Geneva Conventions expressly forbid. These individuals comprise the largest identifiable group of refugees in the United States today. Most of those fortunate (?) enough to be released from Gulag Americana will wander the Earth like hungry ghosts, unable to find jobs or housing, and in many cases unable to even vote in this “democracy.” This results in a constant recidivism rate of about of about 66%. The judicial/prison/industrial  complex in this country feeds itself like the Ouroboros.


The official estimate for the homeless population in the United States is approximately 800,000 individuals. However, this number only includes people who are counted in a census conducted on a single night in major cities. It does not count people living in public and private campgrounds, and in sheds, garages, automobiles, and “intentional communities” outside the range of the census. Nor does it count people who have returned home and cannot afford to move out on their own, or those who are precariously housed in dilapidated buildings in the older sections of every major city in this country. And of course, it doesn’t count the aforementioned  prisoners. So in fact, the number of homeless in this country is “several” million individuals; many of them families with children. The first requirement of being considered a refugee is that you have no place to live. 


The latest round of domestic refugees in this country has been caused by the “tech boom,” which is actually a real-estate speculation bubble. “Tech” hasn’t done anything really impressive since the silicon chip; most “innovation” is really old wine in new bottles. I mean, even the iWatch is just a computer. A really cool, teeny, tiny computer, but…a computer. Dick Tracy’s Wrist Radio (look it up, kiddies). And can someone please tell where is the value in a Twitter? Doesn’t the fact that the company has never made any money seem to bother anyone? ”Bio-tech” has been even less impressive, spending billions to cure diseases that are mostly entirely preventable, and coming up with therapies and drugs only the wealthy can access. Nevertheless, municipalities like San Francisco have gone all-in by giving these companies tax-breaks to move into parts of cities where the property values are low, thereby “revitalizing” them. But revitalization is a code-word for gentrification. When these companies move into a neighborhood, rents go up, driving out long-time residents. When a studio apartment in a run-down neighborhood costs $2000, the people who used to live in these communities become refugees in their own city.


The “Mexicans”


“In the United States there is no history;

only media.” — Carlos Fuentes


“Operation Wetback”  (seriously) was an immigration law enforcement initiative implemented in 1954. This operation was a response to pressure from farmers and businesses North of the border to stop the “illegal entry of “Mexicans” to the United States. It was also supported by the Mexican government, who feared the loss of manpower for it’s agricultural and manufacturing industries. This law resulted in physical abuse, civil-rights violations, and the mass deportation of American citizens. Oh wait, those things are happening today!  A compounding factor has been the growth of the private prison industry, which is now operating “detention centers.” They could also be called refugee camps…or concentration camps. These de facto prisons are full of women with young children waiting to be sent back to unbearable conditions South Of The Border.


Monterey, California was the capital of New Spain in 1776, right about the same time the British colonies decided to stop paying taxes to the King of England and essentially stole this land and called it the “United States.” Spain had been on these shores (and interior) since 1492; you do the math. And by “here,” I mean from Tierra del Fuego at the tip of South America to the Sonoma Mission in California. The Conquistadores were also in the Philippine Islands, Florida (Juan Ponce de Leon’s search for the Fountain of Youth is one of the best adventure stories of all time), and much of the Caribbean, especially Cuba. After Mexico declared independence from Spain in 1821, Spanish Territory in the much of the U.S.A. was divided into ranchos by the Mexican government. The U.S. government declared war on Mexico in 1848, and as a consequence seized all territory North of the present border, which included territories that are now the states of Texas, Colorado, Utah, Nevada, New Mexico, Arizona, and the grand prize: California. 


At least half of the people most uninformed Americans and the mainstream media, call Mexicans are actually peoples from the mountains and jungles of MesoAmerica. While some of these folk are indeed Mexicans, U.S. foreign policies like the War On Drugs, The War On Terror, and the various free-trade agreements have turned much of the Global South into a free-fire zone. U.S.-trained militaries, militias, and goon squads drive indigenous people off of the land for the fruit and oil and lumber companies in Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Panama, Columbia, Peru, and Ecuador, as well as Mexico. Those that refuse to leave are massacred. 


The existence of an imaginary line in the sand cannot keep people from migrating, even with satellites, airplanes, helicopters, drones, walls, fences, tanks, domestic para-military militias, and ridiculous laws. Indigenous peoples have been moving from North to South, and South to North for millennia. The racist joke: “If you have two Mexicans in the room, you have at least one Indian” is basically true. Despite what you see on Telemundo and Univision, most of the people who live in Mexico, Central, and South America are mestizo; European and indigenous blood. Also, unlike the people on Latin American television, most people do not live in modern housing, or drive automobiles. In fact, most people in those countries don’t have enough to eat, clean water, electricity, roads, schools, or access to conveniences like refrigeration, modern medicine, and education. 


Most of this migration is due to covert and overt subversion of these countries by foreign intelligence operatives (guess who?), drug cartels, and of course international capital. Consequently, some people are forced to leave their ancestral homes, families, and friends, and to borrow impossible sums of money to make an impossible trip; from literally the middle of nowhere to the biggest security state on Earth. People are driven from the countryside, usually into over-crowded cities with no prospects of gainful employment. Indeed, the only jobs for poor people in most Latin American countries is to work for the drug cartels in some capacity or other. So when faced with the choice of starving to death or being assassinated in the mountains or jungle, or facing long prison terms in the worst conditions imaginable, or certain death in the drug game, many people try to make it to the United States. Not because most of them want to “find a better life,” or to live like the people in the tele-novellas. No, most people just want to live.


If all the people that the “conservatives” call Mexicans were to leave tomorrow, their over-privileged lifestyles would disappear the first time they ordered a margarita. I mean, do they even know where Tequila is? Or what it is? (No, it’s not “cactus juice”). For starters, there would be nothing to eat at their fast-food joints or chain restaurants, and no one to prepare it if there were. Who is going to make those burritos and tacos Americans scarf up by the ton? And who do you think is really doing the cooking in those chic-chic restaurants (not the celebrity chef, that’s for sure)? There would be nobody to wash the cocaine out of the sheets at the fancy resorts and hotels, nobody to cut the grass and unload the trucks and watch the kids while you go to the mall or wherever. Nobody to do all the ridiculously dangerous and tedious work that is done by “illegal aliens.” Billions dollars would drop out of the U.S. economy overnight. And there would be nobody to scapegoat for the numerous problems the United States of America is causing around the world; or for our own self-inflicted wounds.


San Francisco: A Sanctuary City


Speaking of international war crimes, I met “Bashir” in Belize in 2009, and I asked him to be careful of U.S. meddling in his homeland. Haven’t heard from him in a while. Hope he wasn’t at a wedding party….. San Francisco has been home to refugees from Latin America every since this was Nueva España. The Chinese have come and gone from the Golden Mountain for centuries. The “Chinatowns” in San Francisco, New York, and Los Angeles are among the oldest ghettos in this country. Displaced Filipinos have been making their way to Cali since the Spanish American War in 1898. After WWII, many Russian and Japanese refugees moved to the West, mostly to San Francisco and Los Angeles. “Little Saigon” in the Tenderloin District of San Francisco has become home to people from Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, and Myanmar; most as a direct result of consequences from the Vietnam war. Recently, the City has had an influx of people from Syria, Yemen, Libya, Palestine, Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Somalia, and  Eritrea/Ethiopia. None of them seem particularly thrilled to be here, which indicates they are refugees, not immigrants.


San Francisco is an official “sanctuary city,” which means City officials are not in the business of checking peoples papers. There are asylum seekers here from all over the world. All those great international restaurants that San Francisco is so well known for? Thai, Burmese, Vietnamese, Afghani, Indian, “Middle Eastern,” Persian, Greek, Russian, Brazilian, Columbian, Cuban, Korean, Japanese, Salvadoran, Guatemalan, Nicaraguan, Moroccan, Ethiopian, Senegalese, and of course the many flavors of the many regions of Mexico and China. Most of them have some connections to refugees. If they are not owned by  asylum seekers, the people working in the kitchen and dining room are almost certainly working “off the books.” 


There used to be a gift shop on Market Street near the Cable Car turntable called Afghan Treasures. They sold really nice handcrafted items from Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Tibet and Nepal. This family was one of the first to flee the American invasion in 2001.  I was a regular customer, and I was always afraid to ask how their family was doing back home; but I did anyway. They always said everything was fine, but how could it have been? Although the San Francisco Bay Area is the most liberal place in the United States, rising Islamophobia forced them to change the stores name to…Hidden Treasures. And I’m sure they weren’t trying to be ironic. This was some years ago; they have been subsequently gentrified out of the City (Twitter moved into the neighborhood). But Afghan refugees continue to come to the USA; the closest smoke shop to me is owned by Afghanis, and they sell a brand of cigarette paper papers called “Afghan Hemp” that are the best papers I’ve ever used; (and I’ve used them all).


Todays immigration crisis in the United States is only framed in the most simplistic sound-bites. In fact, it’s an enormously complex issue involving people from the four corners of the Earth. The bottom line is that most refugees, both domestic and foreign, are here as a direct result of the greed, ignorance, and hubris of our leaders. It’s long past time we stop calling the people entering, or attempting to enter the United States “illegal aliens,” especially those that are here as a result of our actions in their countries. All borders are imaginary, and all borders change over time. Many of the people Coming To America are victims American Exceptionalism; hubris, ignorance, coup d'état, vulture capitalism, and benign neglect. The “War on Drugs” and the “War on Terror,” neither of which “we” are winning, produce thousands of refugees each day. Also hundreds of corpses. 


A nation of refugees cannot possibly discriminate against refugees that result from the actions of it’s own foreign policy. But we do; we have gone so far off-track in this country that our moral compass is pointing to "H"…..Hell. We have homeless children starving to death on our own city streets, and yet have the temerity to dictate to people in a foreign country how to live; and we bomb them if they don’t agree. The alleged “Christians” who run this country need to read their Bibles, and to remove the tree from their own eye before worrying about the splinter in the eye of their neighbors.


Joseph Thomas is a San Francisco writer and digital media producer.




Via ThePlanetaryArchives/BlackHorseMedia - San Francisco
ThePlanetaryArchives/BlackHorseMedia - San Francisco's curator insight, March 2, 2018 3:06 PM

Why is the discussion about "immigration," and not about human trafficking, slavery, and organ-harvesting?

Katrina Quigley's curator insight, February 4, 2019 5:30 PM
4. In Immigrants, Refugees, and Asylum Seekers; Displaced Persons In The United States the author is writes about the exact definition of a refugee and the line in which media often crosses. The article discusses how often refugees are often mislabeled, “Nowhere is the bastardization of language more apparent than in the current immigration crisis; not only in the Middle East and Europe, but in the United States of America” and the author is able to make a strong point of the use of language. They also draw a connection from modern refugees to that of the current occupants of the United States. The author tries to get sympathy for the current refugees by comparing the descendants of america as fleeing other countries for a better life. He is able to draw attention to the awful representation of refugees by calling america for it’s treatment of their own people, “A nation of refugees cannot possibly discriminate against refugees that result from the actions of it’s own foreign policy”. While the article doesn’t talk about specifics of languages affect on policy but critzies the language and policy the US forces on refugees.
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