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Institute for Bioengineering and Biosciences
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Additive Manufactured PCL-Graphene Scaffolds for Tissue Engineering

Additive Manufactured PCL-Graphene Scaffolds for Tissue Engineering | iBB | Scoop.it

Understanding the mechano–biological coupling mechanisms of biomaterials for tissue engineering is of major importance to assure proper scaffold performance in situ. Therefore, it is of paramount importance to establish correlations between biomaterials, their processing conditions, and their mechanical behaviour, as well as their biological performance. In a collaborative work between CDRSP-Politécnico de Leiria and SCERG-iBB  (João C. Silva and Frederico Ferreira), it was possible to infer a correlation between the addition of different concentrations of graphene nanoparticles (GPN) in three-dimensional poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL)-based scaffolds, their extrusion-based processing parameters, and the lamellar crystal orientation observed in the different scaffolds through small-angle X-ray scattering experiments. Moreover, in vitro cell culture studies performed at SCERG-iBB demonstrated the suitability and potential of these novel 3D PCL/GPN scaffolds for tissue engineering applications. The results of this study were just published in Polymers.

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InSilico4OCReg – Computational Models Optimizing In Vitro Biophysical Stimulation Protocols for Osteochondral Regeneration

InSilico4OCReg – Computational Models Optimizing In Vitro Biophysical Stimulation Protocols for Osteochondral Regeneration | iBB | Scoop.it

The research project “InSilico4OCReg - In silico models guiding in vitro biophysical stimulation of biomimetic hierarchical scaffolds: a computational modelling approach towards functional osteochondral regeneration” was recommended for funding by FCT (250,000 euros in the 2021 Call for SR&TD Project Grants). The project started in January 2022 and aims to develop an innovative combined in silico modelling-in vitro experimental system which, inspired by the properties of the native osteochondral tissue, will be able to optimize tissue engineering strategies towards the production of implants with improved functionality and mechanical properties. The multidisciplinary team of InSilico4OCReg includes researchers from iBB, CDRSP-Politécnico de Leiria, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (Troy, NY-USA), and an orthopedic surgeon (Hospital dos Lusíadas). The project, which falls within the scientific area of Mechanical Engineering-Engineering Systems, is headed by João Carlos Silva (PI, SCERG-iBB) and Prof. Paula Pascoal-Faria (co-PI, CDRSP-Politécnico de Leiria).

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Development of Extruded Perfusion Bioreactor Platform for Cartilage Tissue Engineering

Development of Extruded Perfusion Bioreactor Platform for Cartilage Tissue Engineering | iBB | Scoop.it

Bioreactors that provide different biophysical stimuli have been used in tissue engineering approaches aimed at enhancing the quality of the cartilage tissue generated. However, such systems are often highly complex, costly and not very versatile. In a recent study published in Biotechnology Journal, researchers from SCERG-iBB working with colleagues from the Polytechnic Institute of Leiria and Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (USA) developed a novel, cost-effective and customizable perfusion bioreactor fabricated by additive manufacturing (AM) to study of the effect of fluid flow on the chondrogenic differentiation of human bone-marrow mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (hBMSCs) in 3D porous poly (ε-caprolactone) (PCL) scaffolds. Results suggest that the chondrogenic differentiation of hBMSCs was enhanced in cell-scaffold constructs cultured under perfusion and highlights the potential of customizable AM platforms for developing more reliable in vitro models and improved personalized cartilage repair strategies.

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Compositional and Structural Analysis of GAGs in Cell-Derived ECM

Compositional and Structural Analysis of GAGs in Cell-Derived ECM | iBB | Scoop.it

Cell-derived ECM have emerged as promising materials for regenerative medicine due to their ability to recapitulate the native tissue microenvironment. However, little is known about the glycosaminoglycan (GAG) composition of these cell-derived ECM. In a recent study published in Glycoconjugate Journal, researchers from SCERG-iBB, working in collaboration with colleagues from the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, characterized three different cell-derived ECM in terms of their GAG content, composition and sulfation patterns using a highly sensitive LC-MS/MS technique. Distinct GAG compositions and disaccharide sulfation patterns were verified for the different cell-derived ECM. Additionally, the effect of decellularization method on the GAG and disaccharide relative composition was also assessed. The method offers a novel approach to determine the GAG composition of cell-derived ECM, which we believe is critical for a better understanding of ECM role in directing cellular responses and has the potential for generating important knowledge for the development of new ECM-like biomaterials for tissue engineering applications.

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Piezoelectric Nanofibers for Osteochondral Tissue Engineering

Piezoelectric Nanofibers for Osteochondral Tissue Engineering | iBB | Scoop.it

Osteochondral (OC) tissue disorders, particularly osteoarthritis, number among the most prevalent and debilitating diseases in the adult population worldwide. However, despite the recent achievements in the field, no satisfactory clinical treatments have been developed to date to resolve this unmet medical issue. Notably, while the piezoelectric nature of the OC tissue has been extensively reported in different studies, this feature keep being neglected in the design of novel biomaterial scaffolds for OC regeneration. Thus, piezoelectric electrospun scaffolds capable of both recapitulating the piezoelectric nature of the tissue’s fibrous extracellular matrix and of providing a platform for electrical and mechanical stimulation of cells/tissues are promising platforms to promote OC regeneration. In a recent publication in the International Journal of Molecular Sciences, SCERG-iBB researchers MSc Frederico Barbosa, Prof. Frederico Ferreira and Dr. João Silva review and discuss the current state of the art of such piezoelectric biomimetic scaffolds for OC tissue engineering strategies.

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Special Issue on “Advanced Polymeric Scaffolds for Stem Cell Engineering and Regenerative Medicine”

Special Issue on “Advanced Polymeric Scaffolds for Stem Cell Engineering and Regenerative Medicine” | iBB | Scoop.it

João Carlos Silva and Frederico Castelo Ferreira from SCERG-iBB are guest-editing a special issue for the open-access journal “Polymers” entitled “Advanced Polymeric Scaffolds for Stem Cell Engineering and Regenerative Medicine”. Polymer scaffolds play a crucial role in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine applications since they can closely mimic the architecture of a native extracellular matrix (ECM) and improve the biological performance of cells both in vitro and in vivo. This Special Issue welcomes full research papers, communications and reviews on recent exciting developments of polymeric scaffolds for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine applications.

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João Carlos Silva to Defend PhD Thesis in Bioengineering

João Carlos Silva to Defend PhD Thesis in Bioengineering | iBB | Scoop.it

João Carlos Fernandes da Silva will be defending his PhD thesis in Bioengineering (Cell Therapies and regenerative Medicine) at Instituto Superior Técnico, friday the 27th september 2019 (14:00 H, room PA-3). During the last years, and under the supervision of Frederico Ferreira from SCERG-iBB and Robert Linhardt from RPI, João focused his efforts on the fabrication of hierarchical and biomimetic cartilage constructs. The title of his thesis is "Bioengineering strategies towards the in vitro fabrication of hierarchical and biomimetic cartilage constructs".

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