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What are the benefits of Internet of Things in Healthcare?

What are the benefits of Internet of Things in Healthcare? | healthcare technology |

The Internet of Things (IoT) is a network of physical objects that can share electronic information when gathered together. They include sensors that have the ability to track information about the human body or industrial machines that transmit the production process data to the nearby sensors.


The IoT is all over and is used in smart homes and even retail. It also plays a crucial role in healthcare.


The Internet of Things (IoT) is changing healthcare in different ways, including improving the care patients get, better results from treatments, and reducing the costs of treatments for patients. Patients get to connect better with the healthcare providers, and their performance is also enhanced.


The main benefits it has brought about to the healthcare industry include:


  • Real-time monitoring of patients remotely, which reduces the costs incurred during readmissions and doctor visits.
  • Errors are much less likely to occur with IoT devices. The data plays an essential role in ensuring effective decision-making, and all the operations in the healthcare industry are functioning smoothly. This helps reduce the overall number of errors.
  • The quality of treatment received is excellent since physicians make decisions from evidence-based information. Hence there’s complete transparency.
  • Equipment and drugs are better managed. It has always been a significant challenge to manage drugs and equipment in healthcare. However, with devices being connected, the drugs and equipment are utilized and managed efficiently, which helps with cost reduction.
  • Diagnosis is much faster and more accurate. A patient can be diagnosed more efficiently due to consistent remote monitoring. Real-time data is collected, and it helps with the diagnosis of a vast number of different diseases. They are diagnosed at an early stage before they worsen or even before the disease develops fully.


IoT devices are revolutionizing how healthcare is delivered and monitored. We guess that we still have only seen the tip of the iceberg. In the years to come, the question will not be if we are connected but how we will be connected and protect our privacy: digital tattoos, smartwatches, smart lenses, or smart pills being just some of the possibilities.


The Internet of Things and the multitude of connected devices it offers is on a path to disrupt how healthcare is carried out.


Discover how by reading the original article at


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Vaccination Passports - What are they?

Vaccination Passports - What are they? | healthcare technology |

As mass vaccination programs are being rolled out globally, vaccine passports have become a major topic of discussion.


COVID test results and proof of vaccine will be required in many countries for quarantine-free travel, just as it has been for polio and yellow fever vaccinations in the past.


Countries will need to look at convenient and secure ways for verifying COVID-19 test results and vaccination information at airports and borders.


The International Air Transport Association (IATA) has also called for a “global standard to securely record digital proof of vaccination”.  They have been promoting the IATA Travel Pass Initiative (



In February, Qantas completed a trial run of an app for this purpose on an international repatriation flight from Frankfurt to Darwin.


The idea behind the app is that health or border officials and airline staff may be able to easily verify COVID-19 test results and vaccination history of an individual.


The app links customers with certified testing labs to allow their results to be automatically uploaded onto it.


Similar digital solutions are being developed in several other countries around the world to enable travel again. For instance, travellers from Singapore will receive a notarized certificate following a negative COVID-19 test that they can present at airports around the world.


Another example is France taking part in a month-long trial of a vaccine passport that leverages a smart phone app. 


Its important that such digital health technologies, whether apps or chip cards, or health tracker add ons, be easy to use. It important that the process  be as seamless as possible for flyers share the relevant information as well as get the information validated by the ground and air staff so they people can  travel internationally, again, safely!



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Corona SEIR Workbench

Corona SEIR Workbench | healthcare technology |

Pandemic SEIR and SEIRV modelling software and infrastructure for the Corona SARS-COV-2 COVID-19 disease with data from Johns-Hopkins-University CSSE, Robert Koch-Institute and vaccination data from Our World In Data.


The SARS-COV-2 pandemic has been affecting our lives for months. The effectiveness of measures against the pandemic can be tested and predicted by using epidemiological models. The Corona SEIR Workbench uses a SEIR model and combines a graphical output of the results with a simple parameter input for the model. Modelled data can be compared country by country with the SARS-COV-2 infection data of the Johns Hopkins University. Additionally, the R₀ values of the Robert Koch Institute can be displayed for Germany. Vaccination data is used from Our World In Data.
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Using the human body as a medium for energy transmission

Using the human body as a medium for energy transmission | healthcare technology |

Wearables that have weaved their way into everyday life include smart watches and wireless earphones, while in the healthcare setting, common devices include wearable injectors, electrocardiogram (ECG) monitoring patches, listening aids, and more.


A major pain point facing the use of these wearables is the issue of keeping these devices properly and conveniently powered. As the number of wearables one uses increases, the need to charge multiple batteries rises in tandem, consuming huge amounts of electricity.


A research team, led by Associate Professor Jerald Yoo from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and the N.1 Institute for Health at the National University of Singapore (NUS), has developed a technology that enables a single device, such as a mobile phone placed in the pocket, to wirelessly power other wearable devices on a user's body, using the human body as a medium for power transmission.


The team's novel system has an added advantage—it can harvest unused energy from electronics in a typical home or office environment to power the wearables.


The NUS team designed a receiver and transmitter system that uses the human body as a medium for power transmission and energy harvesting. Each receiver and transmitter contains a chip that is used as a springboard to extend coverage over the entire body.

A user just needs to place the transmitter on a single power source, such as the smart watch on a user's wrist, while multiple receivers can be placed anywhere on the person's body. The system then harnesses energy from the source to power multiple wearables on the user's body via a process termed as body-coupled power transmission. In this way, the user will only need to charge one device, and the rest of the gadgets that are worn can simultaneously be powered up from that single source. The team's experiments showed that their system allows a single power source that is fully charged to power up to 10 wearable devices on the body, for a duration of over 10 hours.


As a complementary source of power, the NUS team also looked into harvesting energy from the environment. Their research found that typical office and home environments have parasitic electromagnetic (EM) waves that people are exposed to all the time, for instance, from a running laptop. The team's novel receiver scavenges the EM waves from the ambient environment, and through a process referred to as body-coupled powering, the human body is able to harvest this energy to power the wearable devices, regardless of their locations around the body.


This paves the way for smaller, battery-free wearables


read the paper in Nature at


read the original unedited article


nrip's insight:

A part of me smiled and a part of me felt a little scared reading this. Are we looking at the future of us being turned into batteries as shown in the Matrix?


Jokes apart, this is path breaking and can lead to a very sustainable mechanism for the future of wearables, monitoring and diagnostics.


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Case-Initiated COVID-19 Contact Tracing Using Anonymous Notifications

Case-Initiated COVID-19 Contact Tracing Using Anonymous Notifications | healthcare technology |

We discuss the concept of a participatory digital contact notification approach to assist tracing of contacts who are exposed to confirmed cases of coronavirus disease (COVID-19);


The core functionality of our concept is to provide a usable, labor-saving tool for contact tracing by confirmed cases themselves


the approach is simple and affordable for countries with limited access to health care resources and advanced technology.


The proposed tool serves as a supplemental contract tracing approach to counteract the shortage of health care staff while providing privacy protection for both cases and contacts.

  • This tool can be deployed on the internet or as a plugin for a smartphone app.
  • Confirmed cases with COVID-19 can use this tool to provide contact information (either email addresses or mobile phone numbers) of close contacts.
  • The system will then automatically send a message to the contacts informing them of their contact status, what this status means, the actions that should follow (eg, self-quarantine, respiratory hygiene/cough etiquette), and advice for receiving early care if they develop symptoms.
  • The name of the sender of the notification message by email or mobile phone can be anonymous or not.
  • The message received by the contact contains no disease information but contains a security code for the contact to log on the platform to retrieve the information.



The successful application of this tool relies heavily on public social responsibility and credibility, and it remains to be seen if the public would adopt such a tool and what mechanisms are required to prevent misuse.


This is a simple tool that does not require complicated computer techniques despite strict user privacy protection design with respect to countries and regions. Additionally, this tool can help avoid coercive surveillance, facilitate the allocation of health resources, and prioritize clinical service for patients with COVID-19. Information obtained from the platform can also increase our understanding of the epidemiology of COVID-19.


read this concept paper at



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3D printing technology boosts hospital efficiency and eases pressures

3D printing technology boosts hospital efficiency and eases pressures | healthcare technology |

Researchers investigating the benefits of 3D printing technology found it can deliver significant improvements to the running of hospitals.


The research, which compared the drawbacks and advantages of using 3D printing technology in hospitals, has been published in the International Journal of Operations and Production Management.



The study revealed that introducing such technology into hospitals could help alleviate many of the strains the UK healthcare system and healthcare systems worldwide face.

Boosting surgery success rates

- 3D printing makes it possible for surgical teams to print 3D models based on an individual patient’s surgical needs, providing more detailed and exact information for the surgeon to plan and practice the surgery, minimising the risk of error or unexpected complications.

- the use of 3D printed anatomical models was useful when communicating the details of the surgery with the patient, helping to increase their confidence in the procedure.

Speeding up patient recovery time

- significant reduction in post-surgery complications, patient recovery times and the need for subsequent hospital appointments or treatments.

Speeding up procedures

- provide surgeons with custom-built tools for each procedure, with the findings revealing that surgeries with durations of four to eight hours were reduced by 1.5 to 2.5 hours when patient-specific instruments were used.

- could also make surgeries less invasive (for example, removing less bone or tissue)

- result in less associated risks for the patient (for example, by requiring less anaesthesia).

Real-life training opportunities

- enables trainee surgeons to familiarise themselves with the steps to take in complex surgeries by practicing their skills on examples that accurately replicate real patient problems, and with greater variety.

Careful consideration required

Despite the research showing strong and clear benefits of using 3D printing, Dr Chaudhuri and his fellow researchers urge careful consideration for the financial costs.


3D printing is a significant financial investment for hospitals to make. In order to determine whether such an investment is worthwhile, the researchers have also developed a framework to aid hospital decision-makers in determining the return on investment for their particular institution.


read the study at




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Mathematical model predicts effect of bacterial mutations on antibiotic success

Mathematical model predicts effect of bacterial mutations on antibiotic success | healthcare technology |

Antibiotic resistance is a significant public health challenge, caused by changes in bacterial cells that allow them to survive drugs that are designed to kill them. Resistance often occurs through new mutations in bacteria that arise during the treatment of an infection. Understanding how this resistance emerges and spreads through bacterial populations is important to preventing treatment failure.


Scientists have developed a mathematical model that predicts how the number and effects of bacterial mutations leading to drug resistance will influence the success of antibiotic treatments.


Their model, described in the journal eLife, provides new insights on the emergence of drug resistance in clinical settings and hints at how to design novel treatment strategies that help avoid this resistance occurring.

"Mathematical models are a crucial tool for exploring the outcome of drug treatment and assessing the risk of the evolution of antibiotic resistance," explains first author Claudia Igler, Postdoctoral Researcher at ETH Zurich, Switzerland. "These models usually consider a single mutation, which leads to full drug resistance, but multiple mutations that increase antibiotic resistance in bacteria can occur. So there are some mutations that lead to a high level of resistance individually, and some that provide a small level of resistance individually but can accumulate to provide high-level resistance."


"Our work provides a crucial step in understanding the emergence of antibiotic resistance in clinically relevant treatment settings," says senior author Roland Regoes, Group Leader at ETH Zurich. "Together, our findings highlight the importance of measuring the level of antibiotic resistance granted by single mutations to help inform effective antimicrobial treatment strategies."

read the study paper at

read the original unedited article at

nrip's insight:

Mathematical models are a crucial tool for exploring outcomes.

That they can be outcomes of drug treatment , and the further and deeper study into assessing the risk of the evolution of antibiotic resistance is fascinating. This is an excellent paper.

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DNA Could Store Every Movie and More in Jewelry Box-Sized Device

DNA Could Store Every Movie and More in Jewelry Box-Sized Device | healthcare technology |
Data encoded on DNA could last 500 years! Check out a new DNA decoder that can read data at 330 gigabits per square centimeter


Years ago, the world marveled as it recognized that more human information was created on the internet than had been written in thousands of years of human history. But with the information age growing more complex by the day, we may have to look at new ways of storing information, and it turns out the DNA we're made of might hold the key to the ultimate organic hard drive.


A team of scientists has developed a new way of storing data, using pegs and pegboards composed of DNA, which can be retrieved via microscope, in a molecular variant of the traditional Lite-Brite, according to a recent study published in the journal Nature Communications.


The prototype can store information in DNA strands with a 10-nanometer space between them. This distance is less than one-thousandth of the diameter of a human hair, and roughly one-hundredth the size of a living bacterium.


The team tested a digital nucleic acid memory (dNAM) with the storage of a simple statement: "Data is in our DNA/n." Earlier attempts to retrieve data stored in DNA called for DNA sequencing, which involves reading the genetic code of DNA strands — which is a critical tool in biology and medicine, but not very efficient for DNA memory.

Data stored on DNA strands can last for 500 years

Using a microscope, the team imaged hundreds of thousands of DNA pegs in one recording, allowing for an error-correction algorithm to retrieve all data. Once all of the bits were organized via algorithms, the prototype DNA decoder could read data at 330 gigabits per square centimeter. While this technology likely won't show up in smartphones or laptops in the near future, DNA storage has incredible potential for archival use. In case you missed it, DNA evolved to store unconscionable amounts of data. If we knew how, our genes could store all of the emails, tweets, songs, photos, films, and books that ever existed in a DNA volume the size of a jewelry box.


read the original version of this interesting article at



nrip's insight:

DNA storage has a clear advantage over technological alternatives, like quantum computing. Not only because we know it works (we wouldn't be here if it didn't), but because it can already store everything our culture cares about, and last for centuries. While still in its nascent stages, the capacity to store mountains of information in DNA is too promising to ignore in the coming decade.

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New tool activates deep brain neurons by combining ultrasound, genetics

New tool activates deep brain neurons by combining ultrasound, genetics | healthcare technology |

Neurological disorders such as Parkinson's disease and epilepsy have had some treatment success with deep brain stimulation, but those require surgical device implantation.


A multidisciplinary team at Washington University in St. Louis has developed a new brain stimulation technique using focused ultrasound that is able to turn specific types of neurons in the brain on and off and precisely control motor activity without surgical device implantation.


The team, led by Hong Chen, is the first to provide direct evidence showing noninvasive, cell-type-specific activation of neurons in the brain of mammal by combining ultrasound-induced heating effect and genetics, which they have named sonothermogenetics.


It is also the first work to show that the ultrasound- genetics combination can robustly control behavior by stimulating a specific target deep in the brain.


Results of the three years of research, which was funded in part by the National Institutes of Health's BRAIN Initiative, were published online in Brain Stimulation May 11, 2021.


"Our work provided evidence that sonothermogenetics evokes behavioral responses in freely moving mice while targeting a deep brain site," Chen said. "Sonothermogenetics has the potential to transform our approaches for neuroscience research and uncover new methods to understand and treat human brain disorders."



more at



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Photonics: A Story of Our Quest to Harness the Power of Light

Photonics: A Story of Our Quest to Harness the Power of Light | healthcare technology |

What is photonics? In short, photonics is the scientific study and technological harnessing of light. 

However, it is important to note that the term "photonics" is something of a nebulous one. That being said, it is often used today to refer to a set of emerging technologies that deal with various aspects of light. These include technologies used to store, transfer, or manipulate information, but can also be used to include methods of harvesting energy from light and/or converting it to electricity. To put it another way, photonics, in the technological sense, refers to devices that use photons to send, receive, and process information similar to modern-day electronics. 


Today, one of the major applications of photonics, specifically integrated photonics, is in high-performance computing. Specific examples would be in the servers in large data server farms used by large tech companies like Google or Amazon.


Beyond computing, photonics has applications in many other fields from medical sciences to energy production. 

In medical sciences, for example, photonics is used in a variety of ways including in surgery (such as eye surgery), tattoo removal, and surgical endoscopy. In the future, optical integrated circuits may well lead to the development of smaller, more compact, biosensors and other implantable medical devices freed from the limitation of electronics. 


more at


Mehrban Chawla's curator insight, June 1, 12:20 PM
Without light there is no life. Genesis 1 presents an account of creation. The first thing that happened was light was separated from darkness. Life appeared on planet in the presence of light. At first, there was a source of light that was not from the sun. When sun appeared, day and night became a 24 hours cycle. Then life continued in the presence of sunlight. Light is amazing. There is yet much mystery to discover.
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Capturing COVID-19–Like Symptoms at Scale Using Banner Ads on an Online News Platform

Capturing COVID-19–Like Symptoms at Scale Using Banner Ads on an Online News Platform | healthcare technology |

Identifying new COVID-19 cases is challenging. Not every suspected case undergoes testing, because testing kits and other equipment are limited in many parts of the world. Yet populations increasingly use the internet to manage both home and work life during the pandemic, giving researchers mediated connections to millions of people sheltering in place.

Objective: The goal of this study was to assess the feasibility of using an online news platform to recruit volunteers willing to report COVID-19–like symptoms and behaviors.


Methods: An online epidemiologic survey captured COVID-19–related symptoms and behaviors from individuals recruited through banner ads offered through Microsoft News. Respondents indicated whether they were experiencing symptoms, whether they received COVID-19 testing, and whether they traveled outside of their local area.

Results: A total of 87,322 respondents completed the survey across a 3-week span at the end of April 2020, with 54.3% of the responses from the United States and 32.0% from Japan. Of the total respondents, 19,631 (22.3%) reported at least one symptom associated with COVID-19. Nearly two-fifths of these respondents (39.1%) reported more than one COVID-19–like symptom. Individuals who reported being tested for COVID-19 were significantly more likely to report symptoms (47.7% vs 21.5%; P<.001). Symptom reporting rates positively correlated with per capita COVID-19 testing rates (R2=0.26; P<.001). Respondents were geographically diverse, with all states and most ZIP Codes represented. More than half of the respondents from both countries were older than 50 years of age.

Conclusions: News platforms can be used to quickly recruit study participants, enabling collection of infectious disease symptoms at scale and with populations that are older than those found through social media platforms. Such platforms could enable epidemiologists and researchers to quickly assess trends in emerging infections potentially before at-risk populations present to clinics and hospitals for testing and/or treatment.


source: Credit to Regenstrief Institute


read the entire study here :


nrip's insight:

Wow! Online news tools can be a useful strategy to reach a broad and diverse population during emerging outbreaks. This provides a quick and easy way to capture data on what is happening in the community at large rather than people hospitalized with the disease.


The beauty of this approach is that it offers access to a wide audience, many of whom might not be captured in other data gathering methods. Make no mistake, this is not useful when used in a silo. Its amazing if this is used as a step one tool to bring in participation to more involved mHealth tools for surveying.

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Will virtual primary care become a new model of healthcare delivery?

Will virtual primary care become a new model of healthcare delivery? | healthcare technology |

The pandemic drove many patients to their primary care docs via video. And it worked.


A telehealth expert (Dr. Peter Antall) explains how this shift could become a permanent hybrid with in-person care in an Interview with healthcareITNews


Here is a summary from the interview.


What is Virtual Primary Care

Virtual primary care is allowing patients to see their primary care physician in person or virtually, depending on their needs.


It combines the convenience of telehealth with the ability to strengthen recurring relationships with primary care physicians. It also can help provide a medical home for patients who have no primary care physician, either due to lack of access or lack of engagement.


The emergence of virtual primary care stems from the recognition that the traditional primary care model doesn't work well for many patients.


Access to care remains a major issue for many patients, due to geographical constraints and a growing shortage of primary care physicians, which has only been exacerbated by the pandemic.


Do Patients Want it?

Patients are receptive. A recent Amwell survey shows consumers want a virtual approach to primary care –

  • Most consumers (77%) would prefer to see their existing primary care provider via video.
  • 25% of consumers are willing to switch providers to get it.
  • 80% saying they would prefer to see the same primary care physician regularly via virtual care.


Can virtual primary care provide a simple, seamless care experience? How are patients supported throughout the care process?


The best virtual primary care programs are well coordinated and enable a seamless care experience with the ability to transition patients between in-person and virtual care settings, and to various specialties or allied care providers as needed.


In this way the care is holistic and the patient journey is clear and simple.


Data sharing is an important part of creating a highly coordinated and seamless care experience. Records from all visits should be available to all providers on the telehealth platform across specialties and should be shared with the primary care physician in brick and mortar if one exists. This interoperability improves care and improves the referral and transition process.


To ensure patients are supported, virtual primary care programs should include care coordination capabilities.  For example, secure messaging between patients, healthcare professionals and administrative staff can help patients receive quick answers to their questions and ensure that all of their needs are met in a timely fashion, even after a visit has finished.



Can virtual primary care help with population health?


The flexibility of remote access makes it possible for providers to see patients' living conditions, evaluate social determinants of health, and respond in ways that make a deep impact on patients' lives.


Providers also can leverage virtual primary care to evaluate medication adherence among patients with diabetes, hypertension and high cholesterol. When breakdowns in medication adherence are discovered, providers and support staff can work to engage patients in following their treatment plan more closely. This avoids complications that can occur when patients deviate from recommended treatment.


Improvements in compliance and ongoing care can be accomplished through use of frequent brief touchpoints, care coordination, nudges and team-based care. Prompts and reminders can be used to reinforce the care plan.


With capabilities such as these, virtual primary care positions providers and health plans not only to improve population health, but also to perform well under value-based models of care.


More and more, it's clear that the future of care depends on hybrid models of care delivery such as this and I believe we've only just begun to scratch the surface of what's possible with virtual primary care and how it contributes to the continued transformation of healthcare.


read the unedited article on the interview at




nrip's insight:

As we learn to live the after effects of the pandemic, even the skeptics have started agreeing  that the future of care depends on hybrid models. A healthy mix of physical and tele(read virtual/remote) will be adopted - even by unwilling care providers as the consumers have clearly got a taste for it and liked it. And once we accept the hybrid model opening the doors for a accepted technology driven care process (unlike EHR's in 2010), the doors may widely open up further to allow Algorithmic analysis tools, screeners, diagostics to further add flavor to this mix.

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Effectiveness of ML Approaches for Predicting Gastrointestinal Bleeds in Patients Receiving Antithrombotic Treatment

Effectiveness of ML Approaches for Predicting Gastrointestinal Bleeds in Patients Receiving Antithrombotic Treatment | healthcare technology |

Anticipating the risk of gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) when initiating antithrombotic treatment (oral antiplatelets or anticoagulants) is limited by existing risk prediction models. Machine learning algorithms may result in superior predictive models to aid in clinical decision-making.


Objective: To compare the performance of 3 machine learning approaches with the commonly used HAS-BLED (hypertension, abnormal kidney and liver function, stroke, bleeding, labile international normalized ratio, older age, and drug or alcohol use) risk score in predicting antithrombotic-related GIB.


Design, setting, and participants: This retrospective cross-sectional study used data from the OptumLabs Data Warehouse, which contains medical and pharmacy claims on privately insured patients and Medicare Advantage enrollees in the US. The study cohort included patients 18 years or older with a history of atrial fibrillation, ischemic heart disease, or venous thromboembolism who were prescribed oral anticoagulant and/or thienopyridine antiplatelet agents between January 1, 2016, and December 31, 2019.


In this cross-sectional study, the machine learning models examined showed similar performance in identifying patients at high risk for GIB after being prescribed antithrombotic agents. Two models (RegCox and XGBoost) performed modestly better than the HAS-BLED score. A prospective evaluation of the RegCox model compared with HAS-BLED may provide a better understanding of the clinical impact of improved performance.


link to the original investigation paper


read the pubmed article at


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Lab-Grown Mini-Hearts Mimic 25-Day-Old Human Embryo's Heart

Lab-Grown Mini-Hearts Mimic 25-Day-Old Human Embryo's Heart | healthcare technology |

A team of researchers has developed the first human "mini-hearts" in the lab to have clearly beating chambers. The miniature organs, or organoids, are no bigger than sesame seeds and were generated by self-assembly using pluripotent stem cells, according to Science Magazine.


The organoids mimic the functioning heart of a 25-day-old human embryo, and they may help humans solve the heart's many mysteries.


Our capability to model the complexity of the human heart in vitro is still limited, consequently limiting our knowledge of how heart diseases develop.


Congenital heart defects, for example, are the most common birth condition in humans, affecting around 1 percent of all live births. This alone demonstrates the need to create more precise organ-like platforms, which is where the researchers come in, with their newly devised method which was described in a study published in the journal Cell.


The researchers engineered human pluripotent stem cells, which can divide into any kind of tissue, into multiple forms of cardiac cells to create heart organoids whose cells self-organize like those in an embryo. The aim was to create three tissue layers that make up a heart chamber's walls, which are one of the first parts of the heart to form.


The organoids, which are around 2 mm in diameter and have survived more than 3 months in the lab so far, become structurally equal to the heart of a 25-year-old embryo in a week. They only have one chamber and the main types of cells at this point of development. Moreover, the heart's clearly defined chamber beats 60 to 100 times a minute, much like the heart of an embryo at the same age.


read the entire story at



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Future washable smart clothes powered by Wi-Fi will monitor your health

Future washable smart clothes powered by Wi-Fi will monitor your health | healthcare technology |

Purdue University engineers have developed a method to transform existing cloth items into battery-free wearables resistant to laundry. These smart clothes are powered wirelessly through a flexible, silk-based coil sewn on the textile.


In the near future, all your clothes will become smart. These smart clothes will outperform conventional passive garments, thanks to their miniaturized electronic circuits and sensors, which will allow you to seamlessly communicate with your phone, computer, car and other machines.


This smart clothing will not only make you more productive but also check on your health status and even call for help if you suffer an accident. The reason why this smart clothing is not all over your closet yet is that the fabrication of this smart clothing is quite challenging, as clothes need to be periodically washed and electronics despise water.


Purdue engineers have developed a new spray/sewing method to transform any conventional cloth items into battery-free wearables that can be cleaned in the washing machine.


"By spray-coating smart clothes with highly hydrophobic molecules, we are able to render them repellent to water, oil and mud," said Ramses Martinez, an assistant professor in Purdue's School of Industrial Engineering and in the Weldon School of Biomedical Engineering in Purdue's College of Engineering. "These smart clothes are almost impossible to stain and can be used underwater and washed in conventional washing machines without damaging the electronic components sewn on their surface."


read the study at


read the original and unedited version of the article at



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The way forward after COVID-19 vaccination: vaccine passports with blockchain to protect personal privacy

The way forward after COVID-19 vaccination: vaccine passports with blockchain to protect personal privacy | healthcare technology |

As vaccination programmes are gradually launched by various jurisdictions, post-trial surveillance with real-world evidence is of utter importance for close monitoring of their safety and effectiveness. This paper introduces a vaccine passport concept implemented with blockchain technology. In the following, the methods of contact tracing and vaccine efficacy monitoring with intact personal privacy protection will be discussed.


Vaccine passports with health records

Data are an indispensable and valuable commodity in dealing with global health crises. The COVID-19 pandemic, a global public health emergency as declared by the WHO on 30 January 2020, has highlighted the importance of health data sharing. Data sharing at the early phase of an outbreak enabled healthcare professionals, researchers and policy makers in mastering information required for formulating strategies. Trusted dissemination channels are primarily government official records, peer-reviewed journals and authorised open online databases. Capitalising on these dissemination channels, governments and global scholars share important information for public health measures, from release of full viral genome sequences, pathological features and clinical phases of COVID-19 presentations, to development of diagnostic tests and potential medications, and potential therapeutic and prophylactic agents,to name but a few. Contact tracing is a vital strategy in finding out potential and hidden cases. A convincing showcase was made by Taiwan, where the authorities have used PCR alongside contact tracing in assessing the COVID-19’s transmission dynamics from the initial 100 confirmed cases This approach has much contributed to Taiwan’s success in keeping its health system intact with less than 900 cases even after a year into the pandemic.


Aside from contact tracing for infected patients, daily monitoring among community dwellers could be useful in infection control and resumption of normal social activities. Vaccine passports and digital contact tracing applications (apps) could be widely adopted in recording personal health profiles, contacts, and more importantly vaccination status in later stages. Inevitably, the concept of a vaccine passport led to a heated debate among people from all walks of life over its scientific evidence and ethical concerns.


Application of blockchain

Data sharing as an infection control measure only works on wide acceptance and adoption among citizens. Invariably, data security and integrity would come to the spotlight regarding data access and sharing issues; apart from data storage infrastructure, non-functional requirements such as availability, confidentiality and integrity are also fundamental to data storage, communication and mobilisation. Availability refers to the organised input of required data. Confidentiality is tantamount to authentic data access and usage authorisation, while data integrity ensures data safety against breaches.


Electronic health records and personal health records account for an immense portion of data in this digital era, with a 46% growth in 5 years. Nevertheless, solutions for data protection remain limited, primarily stored via content management system with encryption, in designated host servers. According to the Department of Health and Human Services of the USA, at least 3054 healthcare data infringements were observed from 2009 to 2019, involving leakage of 230 954 151 electronic medical records.A solution for data sharing with robust privacy protection is of paramount importance as well as urgently needed, and blockchain technology seems to be a qualified candidate.


Vaccine passport, as a form of portable health data, with adoption of blockchain technology, can be a promising tool for health monitoring and alerts while protecting personal privacy.


more at


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Acceptability of a Mobile Phone Support Tool for Promoting Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy Among Young Adults

Acceptability of a Mobile Phone Support Tool for Promoting Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy Among Young Adults | healthcare technology |

Adherence to treatment is critical for successful treatment outcomes.


Although factors influencing antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence vary, young adults are less likely to adhere owing to psychosocial issues such as stigma, ART-related side effects, and a lack of access to treatment.


The Call for Life Uganda (CFLU) mobile health (mHealth) tool is a mobile phone–based technology that provides text messages or interactive voice response functionalities through a web interface and offers 4 modules of support.

Objective: This study aims to describe the acceptability and feasibility of a mobile phone support tool to promote adherence to ART among young adults in a randomized controlled trial.

Methods: An exploratory qualitative design with a phenomenological approach at 2 study sites was used. A total of 17 purposively selected young adults with HIV infection who had used the mHealth tool CFLU from 2 clinics were included. In total, 11 in-depth interviews and 1 focus group discussion were conducted to examine the following topics: experience with the CFLU tool (benefits and challenges), components of the tool, the efficiency of the system (level of comfort, ease, or difficulty in using the system), how CFLU resolved adherence challenges, and suggestions to improve CFLU. Participants belonged to 4 categories of interest: young adults on ART for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission, young adults switching to or on the second-line ART, positive partners in an HIV-discordant relationship, and young adults initiating the first-line ART. All young adults had 12 months of daily experience using the tool. Data were analyzed using NVivo version 11 software (QSR International Limited) based on a thematic approach.

Results: The CFLU mHealth tool was perceived as an acceptable intervention;


young adults reported improvement in medication adherence, strengthened clinician-patient relationships, and increased health knowledge from health tips.


Appointment reminders and symptom reporting were singled out as beneficial and helped to address the problems of forgetfulness and stigma-related issues.


HIV-related stigma was reported by a few young people. Participants requested extra support for scaling up CFLU to make it more youth friendly.


Improving the tool to reduce technical issues, including network outages and a period of software failure, was suggested. They suggested that in addition to digital solutions, other support, including the promotion of peer support meetings and the establishment of a designated space and staff members for youth, was also important.

Conclusions: This mHealth tool was an acceptable and feasible strategy for improving ART adherence and retention among young adults in resource-limited settings.

read the entire study at


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Acceptability of App-Based Contact Tracing for COVID-19

Acceptability of App-Based Contact Tracing for COVID-19 | healthcare technology |

The COVID-19 pandemic is the greatest public health crisis of the last 100 years. Countries have responded with various levels of lockdown to save lives and stop health systems from being overwhelmed. At the same time, lockdowns entail large socioeconomic costs.


One exit strategy under consideration is a mobile phone app that traces the close contacts of those infected with COVID-19.


Recent research has demonstrated the theoretical effectiveness of this solution in different disease settings. However, concerns have been raised about such apps because of the potential privacy implications. This could limit the acceptability of app-based contact tracing in the general population. As the effectiveness of this approach increases strongly with app uptake, it is crucial to understand public support for this intervention.


Objective: The objective of this study is to investigate the user

acceptability of a contact-tracing app in five countries hit by the pandemic.

Methods: We conducted a largescale, multicountry study (N=5995) to measure public support for the digital contact tracing of COVID-19 infections.


We ran anonymous online surveys in France, Germany, Italy, the United Kingdom, and the United States and measured intentions to use a contact-tracing app across different installation regimes (voluntary installation vs automatic installation by mobile phone providers) and studied how these intentions vary across individuals and countries.

Results: We found strong support for the app under both regimes, in all countries, across all subgroups of the population, and irrespective of regional-level COVID-19 mortality rates.

We investigated the main factors that may hinder or facilitate uptake and found that concerns about cybersecurity and privacy, together with a lack of trust in the government, are the main barriers to adoption.



Epidemiological evidence shows that app-based contact tracing can suppress the spread of COVID-19 if a high enough proportion of the population uses the app and that it can still reduce the number of infections if uptake is moderate. Our findings show that the willingness to install the app is very high. The available evidence suggests that app-based contact tracing may be a viable approach to control the diffusion of COVID-19.


read the study at


nrip's insight:

A lot of research and anecdotal evidence shows that mHealth/Mobile App based contact tracing can suppress the spread of COVID-19 if a high enough proportion of the population uses the app. 

that it can still reduce the number of infections if uptake is moderate is interesting to note.



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Nanomaterial fights back against resistant bacteria

Nanomaterial fights back against resistant bacteria | healthcare technology |

Antibiotic resistance is one of the greatest global health challenges of our time. Wastewater treatment plants are a true breeding ground for antibiotic-resistant germs, as this is where pathogens and antibiotic residues come together. The resistant bacterial strains then re-enter the environment via the treated water and can spread further.


Scientists at the University of Naples Federico II have now developed a nanomaterial to combat this problem. Supported by instrument scientist Dr. Judith Houston from Forschungszentrum Jülich (and meanwhile at the European Spallation Neutron Source ESS in Sweden), they have analyzed it at the Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum. The material is a hybrid of humic acid and titanium dioxide (TiO2). Humic acids (HAs), which occur naturally in humus soils, have useful properties that can counteract water pollution: on the one hand, they have an antibacterial effect, and on the other hand, they can bind small molecules such as antibiotics.



• In situ hydrothermal route is a versatile approach to realize multifunctional hybrid nanomaterials for biowaste valorization.
• The combination at molecular scale of HAs and TiO2 improves the.•OH generation even under visible light;
• Hybrid HA-NDL/TiO2 nanomaterials exert a ROS-mediated antibacterial activity.
• Surface and colloidal properties make the hybrid nanomaterials as valid sequestering agents against antibiotics.
• A high and selective activity is shown in sequestering amoxicillin and tetracycline contaminants.


image © Wenzel Schuermann / TU Muenchen


read the study at


read the entire article/press release at the MLZ website at



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Using AI to help find answers to common skin conditions

Using AI to help find answers to common skin conditions | healthcare technology |

Google's AI-powered tool that will be available later this year helps anyone identify skin conditions using their phone’s camera.


Artificial intelligence (AI) has the potential to help clinicians care for patients and treat disease — from improving the screening process for breast cancer to helping detect tuberculosis more efficiently.


When we combine these advances in AI with other technologies, like smartphone cameras, we can unlock new ways for people to stay better informed about their health, too.  


Google's AI-powered dermatology assist tool is a web-based application that they hope to launch as a pilot later this year, to make it easier to figure out what might be going on with their skin.


Once the user launchs the tool, simply use their phone’s camera to take three images of the skin, hair or nail concern from different angles. They are  then  asked questions about their skin type, how long they’ve had the issue and other symptoms that help the tool narrow down the possibilities. The AI model analyzes this information and draws from its knowledge of 288 conditions to give the user a list of possible matching conditions that they can then research further.


For each matching condition, the tool will show dermatologist-reviewed information and answers to commonly asked questions, along with similar matching images from the web.


The tool is not intended to provide a diagnosis nor be a substitute for medical advice as many conditions require clinician review, in-person examination, or additional testing like a biopsy. Rather Google hopes it gives users access to authoritative information so they can make a more informed decision about their next step.


Developing an AI model that assesses issues for all skin types 

Google's tool is the culmination of over three years of machine learning research and product development. To date, Google has published several peer-reviewed papers that validate their AI model and they claim more are in the works. 


Recently, the AI model that powers the tool successfully passed clinical validation, and the tool has been CE marked as a Class I medical device in the EU.



more at


nrip's insight:

About time we see Google making another healthcare bet ! I have been around a long time to see Google make bets in healthcare and not reach anywhere with them. This may be a different case as its a B2C use case rather than the B2B or B2B2C cases they tried earlier. Google knows users quite well.

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Scientists Develop Efficient Artificial Synaptic Network That Mimics Human Brain

Scientists Develop Efficient Artificial Synaptic Network That Mimics Human Brain | healthcare technology |

Scientists have fabricated a device that can mimic human brain cognitive actions and is more efficient than conventional techniques in emulating artificial intelligence, thus enhancing the computational speed and power consumption efficiency.


Artificial intelligence is now a part of our daily lives, starting from email filters and smart replies in communication to helping battle the Covid-19 pandemic. But AI can do much more such as facilitate self-driving autonomous vehicles, augmented reality for healthcare, drug discovery, big data handling, real-time pattern/image recognition, solving real-world problems, and so on.


These can be realised with the help of a neuromorphic device which can mimic the human brain synapse to bring about brain-inspired efficient computing ability. The human brain comprises of nearly a hundred billion neurons consisting of axons and dendrites. These neurons massively interconnect with each other via axons and dendrites, forming colossal junctions called synapse.

This complex bio-neural network is believed to give rise to superior cognitive abilities.


Software-based artificial neural networks (ANN) can be seen defeating humans in games or helping handle the Covid-19 situation. However, the power-hungry (in megawatts) von Neumann computer architecture slows down ANNs performance due to the available serial processing while the brain does the job via parallel processing consuming just 20 W. It is estimated that the brain consumes 20% of the total body energy. From the calory conversion, it amounts to 20 watts. While the conventional computing platforms consume megawatts, i.e., 1 million watts of energy, to mimic basic human cognition.


To overcome this bottleneck, a hardware-based solution involves an artificial synaptic device that, unlike transistors, could emulate the functions of human brain synapse. Scientists had long been trying to develop a synaptic device that can mimic complex psychological behaviors without the aid of external supporting (CMOS) circuits.


To address this challenge, Scientists from Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bengaluru, an autonomous institute of the Department of Science & Technology, Government of India, devised a novel approach of fabricating an artificial synaptic network (ASN) resembling the biological neural network via a simple self-forming method (the device structure is formed by itself while heating). This work has been recently published in the journal ‘Materials Horizons’.


Nature has had an incredible amount of time and diversity to engineer ever new forms and functions through evolution. Learning and emulating new processes, technologies, materials and devices from the nature and biology are the important pathways to the significant advances of the future which will increasingly integrate the worlds of the living with the man-made technologies,” said Prof Ashutosh Sharma, Secretary, DST.


read the original unedited post at


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Telemedicine and the Consumerization of Healthcare

Telemedicine and the Consumerization of Healthcare | healthcare technology |

If there’s one dialogue that’s been growing louder across the healthcare landscape, it’s the consumerization of healthcare. Market trends are undeniably steering the healthcare experience into a new paradigm where patients are seizing control. Yet this new direction is not always beneficial for patients or providers.


Just as consumer-driven industries like Uber and Netflix offer quick and seamless digital transactions, many patients want greater convenience and speed from care delivery. Many are also seeking more cost-effective options, thanks to climbing medical debt and high-deductible insurance plans. They’re less willing to tolerate care delays and inefficiencies; many will leave a poor online review after a frustrating appointment.


These are all understandable goals and reactions. But as patients climb into the driver’s seat of healthcare, they’re not always given a roadmap to their intended destination. As they navigate their options, some are running up against four dynamics:

1. Dr. Google

In our fast-paced world, many patients don’t want to wait weeks for an appointment or take time off from work to bring their child to the pediatrician.


Instead they take out their smartphone and look up symptoms to get a quick and theoretical diagnosis. Patients can view photographs of lesions, read checklists of cancer symptoms and lurk on forums where people describe surgery experiences – and encourage each other to self-diagnose.

2. Retail Clinics

Retail clinics like CVS and Walgreens have exploded in popularity – and the market is expected to surpass $8 billion USD by 2028. Patients who feel they’re too busy or too peripatetic to maintain a consistent PCP relationship often prefer the extended hours and easy access of these clinics.

3. Cost Avoidance


Patients are paying higher and higher coinsurances, deductibles and copays – and they’re sick of it.


They’re annoyed by a hospital’s inability to give them an accurate procedure cost in advance; many are stuck with “surprise” invoices after checking into a network hospital and receiving care from an out-of-network doctor.

4. Application Chaos


As applications and portals take over the Internet, many healthcare systems have turned a great idea into patient confusion.


Even patients with moderate care needs may find themselves managing an overwhelming collection of healthcare apps for their OB/GYN practice, dentist, dermatologist, PCP, various hospital online payment portals, lab result repositories and data from their wearables.

Via Technical Doctor
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Pandemic Changes What Patients Expect from Their Doctor

Pandemic Changes What Patients Expect from Their Doctor | healthcare technology |

A Recent Harris Poll Survey on behalf of NextGen Healthcare Confirms Patients Seek the Convenience of Self Service and Option to See Providers Virtually


The survey was conducted online and the results are based on the inputs gathered from 2,000 U.S. adults, including 1,733 who typically see a healthcare provider annually (“patients”).


The survey results generated insights into patient experiences and preferences related to online healthcare tools.


Telehealth is here to stay.

  • 84 % of U.S. patients who received telehealth services since March 2020 plan to continue using telehealth appointments in the future citing reasons such as
    • convenience (43 %)
    • or to avoid being around people who are ill (39 %).
  • More than half of U.S. patients (57 %) say they would be more likely to get follow-up medical care if telehealth appointments were an option.
  • 48 % patients indicate they would switch to a different healthcare provider if their current provider did not offer telehealth appointments.WOW!
  • 69 % patients have seen a healthcare provider via telehealth since the COVID-19 pandemic began,
    • 46 % -  primary care physician (PCP) 
    • 19 % - mental healthcare provider.
    • 15% - women’s health provider
    • 9% ophthalmologist
    • 7% orthopedist


Online access is a must.

58 percent patients would like to have more online access to their healthcare provider. Age plays a role in this: Patients from 18-54 are significantly more likely than patients 55 and older to say they would like to have more online access to their healthcare provider (68 percent vs. 43 percent). Topping the list of most important online services patients would look for if seeking a new provider are:

  • online appointment scheduling (49 percent)
  • ability to check-in or complete health forms/appointment paperwork online before an appointment (49 percent)
  • online prescription management (48 percent)
  • online medical records access (47 percent)


John Beck, chief solutions officer for NextGen Healthcare says in the release -  “These survey results confirmed that patients’ overall expectations for healthcare have shifted permanently. Integrated healthcare technology is good for the patient and good for the practice.”



read the original release at



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Rebuilding Graduate Medical Education After a Crisis

Rebuilding Graduate Medical Education After a Crisis | healthcare technology |

The COVID-19 pandemic has had an unprecedented impact on the education and wellbeing of medical trainees. In supporting learning during these times, residency programs have adopted flexible scheduling, focused on frequent and transparent communication, incorporated different strategies to build community and promote psychological wellbeing, and advanced virtual teaching modalities. We are hopeful that these interventions will be long lasting. This pandemic will undoubtedly be a defining moment in our careers and our lives.


We not only learned to be better physicians; the experience has made us better human beings. We shared the same fears and worries of our patients and their families and became more compassionate; we grew more patient, flexible and understanding. We were taught important lessons in courage and teamwork.


From this experience, we have learned not to fear the unknown, but to grow from the process and rebuild stronger.


The aim of this article is to share strategies that have helped us to move forward in the aftermath of the first phases of the pandemic, whilst we prepare for the uncertainty of the future.


We hope that the lessons we have learned can help inform other programs as they react and adapt to the global after-effects of this crisis.




  • Prioritize Residents' Wellbeing
  • Incorporate Leadership Training into the Curriculum
  • Establish Frequent and Active Communication
  • Continue to Build Community – Even Virtually
  • Embrace Technology
  • Every Day, Small Gestures Can Have a Large Impact


read the entire paper at



nrip's insight:

Building communities and online learning/discussion groups was an important information therapy concept. Whether its using expensive tools like private social network platforms or free options like WhatsApp and Telegram groups, its important to create, use and improve on this front.


Technology as a medium to teach and learn was and is being used by schools all over the world for the past 15-16 months and there has been so much learning for everyone here. Healthcare must not shy away.

Mehrban Chawla's curator insight, May 31, 3:45 AM

I would also add spiritual training. There are a number of health issues that have spiritual roots. Be In Health has been a leading organization offering spiritual help to patients especially with chronic or incurable diseases. They have done wonders bringing hope and healing to these ones. We are triune beings. We have a body, a soul and a spirit. Doctors deal with body, psychiatrist with soul (minded emotions). Who will take care of human spirits?  That is where pastors and churches can step in and help. Nonetheless, medical field needs basic training in human spirituality. Check out

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Improving healthcare by better managing unstructured content

Improving healthcare by better managing unstructured content | healthcare technology |
Improving the management of unstructured content is crucial when it comes to creating successful healthcare platforms.


Clinicians can build better pictures of their patients when they use healthcare platforms which harness unstructured content, as well as structured content, to create a single source of clinical information.


Analysts estimate that as much as 80 per cent of patient information is currently unstructured and is not contained in Electronic Health Records (EHRs). This means that vital clinical information, such as paper records or medical imaging, which does not tick specific boxes, can be overlooked.


to read more, visit



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AI Toilet Tool Offers Remote Patient Monitoring for Gastrointestinal Health

AI Toilet Tool Offers Remote Patient Monitoring for Gastrointestinal Health | healthcare technology |

Researchers at Duke University are developing an artificial intelligence tool for toilets that would help providers improve care management for patients with gastrointestinal issues through remote patient monitoring.


The tool, which can be installed in the pipes of a toilet and analyzes stool samples, has the potential to improve treatment of chronic gastrointestinal issues like inflammatory bowel disease or irritable bowel syndrome, according to a press release.


When a patient flushes the toilet, the mHealth platform photographs the stool as it moves through the pipes. That data is sent to a gastroenterologist, who can analyze the data for evidence of chronic issues.


A study conducted by Duke University researchers found that the platform had an 85.1 percent accuracy rate on stool form classification and a 76.3 percent accuracy rate on detection of gross blood.


read the entire article at


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Doctors now must provide patients their health data, online and on demand

Doctors now must provide patients their health data, online and on demand | healthcare technology |

In the United States, on April 5, a federal rule went into effect that requires health care providers to give patients electronic access to their health information without delay upon request, at no cost.


Many patients may now find their doctors’ clinical notes, test results and other medical data posted to their electronic portal as soon as they are available.


Advocates herald the rule as a long-awaited opportunity for patients to control their data and health.


But the rollout of the rule has hit bumps, as doctors learn that patients might see information before they do.


Patients have long had a legal right to their medical records but often have had to pay fees, wait weeks or sift through reams of paper to see them.

The rule aims not only to remove these barriers, but also to enable patients to access their health records through smartphone apps, and prevent health care providers from withholding information from other providers and health IT companies when a patient wants it to be shared.

“This levels the playing field, A decade ago, the medical record belonged to the physician.” as per  Jan Walker, co-founder of OpenNotes“


Privacy rules under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, which limit sharing of personal health information outside a clinic, remain in place, although privacy advocates have warned that patients who choose to share their data with consumer apps will put their data at risk.


Studies have shown numerous benefits of note sharing. Patients who read their notes understand more about their health, better remember their treatment plan and are more likely to stick to their medication regimen. Non-white, older or less educated patients report even greater benefits than others.


read the original unedited story at



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