Regional Geography 200
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Using 'Geography Education'

Using 'Geography Education' | Regional Geography 200 |

"This story map was created with ArcGIS Online to guide users on how to get the most out of the Geography Education websites on Wordpress and"

Olivia Campanella's insight:
This map is a very helpful, useful and fun guide on how to get the most of this website and to learn about geography and different places and facts of the world. 
ROCAFORT's curator insight, September 23, 2016 2:47 AM
Using 'Geography Education'
Ruth Reynolds's curator insight, December 3, 2016 9:33 PM
Just getting familiar with ArcGis and lots of ideas picked up at #ncss16
Dominic Mappas's curator insight, June 5, 6:41 AM
This source allows its viewers to select countries to direct them to a series of topic links. This allows the audience to interact and explore the world through visual representation of the globe. I can see this being implemented for warm up activities, quizzes and practice questions. Great source! 
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New Zealand panel unveils four alternate flag options, to a largely negative reaction.

New Zealand panel unveils four alternate flag options, to a largely negative reaction. | Regional Geography 200 |
Kiwis aren't showing their enthusiasm toward the final four alternate flags they'll be allowed to choose between. We analyze the results.
Olivia Campanella's insight:
A flag is intended to represent a people and a government while also portraying a common heritage and a sense of timelessness. The symbols on the flags can be incredibly potent politically and culturally, which the Kiwi's aren't enthusiastic about.The four flags below are the final four flags they can choose from.
Gene Gagne's curator insight, December 10, 2015 6:43 PM

a flag is a strong national symbol. How strong? enough to have a change of heart on the black silver fern. This is where globally a crisis in one country can have an impact on what other countries do. New Zealand decided the colors were Isis colors and didn't want to send the wrong message. This reminds me of gang colors. It affects anything from colors of bandanas to professional sport wear. innocent sport fans have been targeted by gang members for the colors of their jersey.

Nicholas A. Whitmore's curator insight, December 19, 2015 4:03 AM

To be honest I feel as though the changing of the new Zealand flag has more to do with outside opinion than their own. Two of the main reasons they wished to change their flag was to first be differentiated from Australia and two please the native population. Unfortunately when you have a long time it is very difficult to change because people identify with it. I personally think they should keep the old flag for they make their identity and culture not the flag. Also if they must choose it should be the second from the left since it looks the closest to the old flag keeping traditionalists happy while adding new elements. Plus the swirl one to be honest looks pretty bad.

Richard Aitchison's curator insight, April 11, 2018 10:16 AM
We might think a flag choice is not that important. However, think about it for one second. Think of the feeling you get when you see a certian flag or a certain symbol. If your a Red Sox fan and see a Yankees symbol think of what that means to you or if your a Red Sox fan and your in a foreign area and see a Red Sox hat and that feeling that you get knowing someone is like you in that area. Symbols are important and how we feel about these symbols are important. New Zealand was looking to unviel a new flag and much of the reaction was negative. Most thought they were uncreative and unorginal and overall just not a fan of the final four choices. I thought a good quote from the article was " This reeks of design by committee. Get enough people in a room and soon something that is good to average is now not." I agree we try to get together to "make everyone happy" and well we end up making no one happy. This is a cruical decsion for these people to vote on and they should be proud of their new symbol of their country.
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New Images Show China Literally Gaining Ground in South China Sea

New Images Show China Literally Gaining Ground in South China Sea | Regional Geography 200 |
Satellite photos show the speed, scale and ambition China has exerted to assert ownership over South China Sea islands, far from the mainland.
Olivia Campanella's insight:
In this article there are satellite images showing China gaining land in the South China seas, and shacks being replaced by actual buildings. By 2012 to 2015 the Mischief Reef is growing where there are several dredgers visible at the northern and western edges of the reef and there is a widened entrance of 275 meters to the south of the Reef.
Marc Meynardi's curator insight, April 13, 2015 2:40 AM

Suprisingly, the other countries dont show a lot of concerns.

Norka McAlister's curator insight, April 15, 2015 10:06 PM

China is a powerful country with a population of 1.357 billion people. China as a regional hegemony, the more land means expansion of territorial control on the region and projecting sea power on international waters. However the main reason why China, the Philippines, and other countries are trying to claim these islands is due to the oil and natural gas exploitation in the South China Sea. Even when geopolitical conflicts between Philippines and other countries arise, any of these countries will have to form powerful armies in order to fight against China. The U.S. would be the only country that could pursue different strategies and mediate agreements between China’s neighbors. However, through military intimidation, China would overpower any country that tried to claim these islands as part of their territory. 

Lora Tortolani's curator insight, April 20, 2015 1:37 PM

China has its hopes on securing the land that is rich in oil to bring prosperity to the country.  China is building a great wall of sand and seems as though they are not fearful of others stopping it even though China has been warned that these actions create tension from Taiwan, the Philippines, and Vietnam.  

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Five ways China's past has shaped its present

Five ways China's past has shaped its present | Regional Geography 200 |">;

"The country is perhaps more aware of its own history than any other major society on earth. That remembering is certainly partial - events like Mao's Cultural Revolution are still very difficult to discuss within China itself. But it is striking how many echoes of the past can be found in its present."

Olivia Campanella's insight:
In this interesting article you can learn a lot about the Chinese history. The country is more aware of its own history than any other. major society on earth. some of the ways include: 

Trouble with Neighbors
Information flow
Freedom of Religion
and Technology
Kami Romeike's curator insight, July 4, 2018 3:20 AM

This is a very interesting can make too much of a country's history as a casual factors, and yet make too little of historical patterns at your own peril.  "To understand China's approach today to trade, foreign policy or censorship, consider its history."  This article considers a few of  China's current policies that may seem peculiar today but that make much more sense with a longer and deeper history.  Some of the topics considered include:

  • trade
  • trouble with neighbors
  • Information flow
  • Religious freedoms
  • Technology


Tags: China, East Asia, historical.

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China's one-child policy and the lessons for America

China's one-child policy and the lessons for America | Regional Geography 200 |
Let's review exactly what population has to do with economic growth
Olivia Campanella's insight:
In 1997 the policy of just one chid was instituted , preventing an estimated 400 million births by either abortion, infanticide, forced sterilization, and a dramatic gender imbalance. Ironically, the policy was inspired wholly based out of paranoia that population growth would stifle the Chinese economy
Sarah Nobles's curator insight, November 27, 2015 7:57 AM

Unit 2

Claudia Patricia Parra's curator insight, December 3, 2015 8:03 AM

añada su visión ...

Richard Aitchison's curator insight, March 29, 2018 9:49 AM
For years growing up you always heard about China's one child policy. It was well known growing up that China was trying to limit its population. However, that practice in China has finally come to an end. After years of trying to limit the population they have finally run into the problem they all should have seen coming. The population simply has become to old to support itself. Eventually, if you limit the amount of births you end up with more older people that can work than younger people supporting them. This eventually could cause a major economic slip and as China continues to try to gain in the global world this could really hinder their efforts. The US always worries about when all the baby boomers retire and how will we keep up social security, but China's problems far outlast the United States at the is point. China now should see a slowly growing work force, but it will take years before they see the outcome of removing their one child policy. Countries through the years have continued to try to control population and worries about population however every time they try to correct it they see a bounce in a direction that cannot be sustainable. Like the economic system it should be a free market in the baby market.
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Territorial Disputes in the Waters Near China

Territorial Disputes in the Waters Near China | Regional Geography 200 |
China has recently increased its pursuit of territorial claims in nearby seas, leading to tense exchanges with neighboring countries. A map of some of the most notable disputes.
Olivia Campanella's insight:
In this article China has increased in its pursuit of territorial claims in the East and South China seas leading to very tense exchanges with neighboring countries. For example, china claimed airspace that overlapped with standing clams by South Korea and Japan. China also stationed an oil rig near the coast of Vietnam in early May increasing tensions between countries.
Jordan Schemmel's curator insight, May 21, 2014 1:07 PM

Another key article regarding the ongoing disputes of the South China Sea - this article, when paired with our later discussion of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, will help us understand why this issue will be increasing in importance in the coming year.

James Hobson's curator insight, November 21, 2014 7:33 PM

(East Asia topic 4)

Though international politics are nothing to be taken lightly, this scenario resembles that of children drawing on a chalkboard and fighting for the space on their sides (or maybe it's just me since this happened a lot in my elementary school...). I admit that there seems to be no one right way of solving these disputes, but perhaps a god starting point would be a historical stance: Who found an island first? Which nation first used it? How historically significant is a place to each country?  Those islands which lie outside the EEZs or which there is no clear primary holder could be made into a jointly-managed zone, in which each country with a legitimate claim shares equal profits and usage of the resources. Though nations will argue that they don't want such a settlement, it may end up being beneficial, since one particular place may turn out being much more profitable than another one nearby. So even if China were to inherit 90% of these islands and territory, theoretically a large amount of oil or gems could be discovered in the other 10%, making aggression a bad move over a sharing compromise.

Matt Ramsdell's curator insight, December 14, 2015 4:38 PM

Why do we care so much about smaller islands? Some of these islands are very useful when it comes to gaining access to minerals and deep sea drilling off its shores. Someof these countries can also claim the land and have their own government and be run themselves. These islands have a special economic zone of 200 miles.

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India's Census: Lots Of Cellphones, Too Few Toilets

"The results of India's once-in-a-decade census reveal a country of 1.2 billion people where millions have access to the latest technology, but millions more lack sanitation and drinking water."

Olivia Campanella's insight:
In the last few decades the population in India grew to 181 million, but now, the population is more that 1.2 billion people and is on track to overtake China. India's rapid economic growth also reflects in census too. Almost all households in India have cellphones but fewer households don't even have toilets!
Samuel D'Amore's curator insight, December 17, 2014 12:59 AM

This sound clip highlights an interesting issue today in India, as the population has exploded the logistics to support these people is nonexistent while access to modern technology is present. Its an odd concept that one can readily find cheap accessible technology such as cell phones or TVs yet something as basic as a toilet or running water is out of reach for many. This is the problem when a population expands faster than it is possible to increase its logistical capacity.

Matt Ramsdell's curator insight, December 14, 2015 2:18 PM

With the lack of toilets and the uprising in the use of cell phones in India, the sanitation and living standards of the people of the country are lacking which in turn comes to a place of hazard. With more people moving into the country and from other areas it is causing a massive uprise in the use of technology but government funding and jobs do not create enough money to continuously keep up with the upgrades needed in sanitation and public safety.

Martin Kemp's curator insight, December 17, 2015 3:27 PM

there is a constantly recurring theme here, mass population growth and the government of said country not being able to grow at the same rate to provide simple services to its people

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The Spread of AIDS

The Spread of AIDS | Regional Geography 200 |
A handful of AIDS cases were first recognized in the U.S. at the beginning of the 1980s. By 1990, there was a pandemic. In 1997, more than 3 million people became newly infected with HIV.
Olivia Campanella's insight:
This article gives us the information about HIV over the past few decades. At first, there were only a few cases in the U.S in 1980. By 1990, the world had its first pandemic. 1997 more than 3 million people had become infected with HIV. A treatment was proved effected in the mid 1990s and changed HIV from death to chronic illness. Most of the regions that were hit hardest were the ones with little or no health care infrastructure such as Africa, but many nations have stepped up in prevention towards HIV. 
Melissa Marie Falco-Dargitz's curator insight, November 23, 2014 12:36 PM

Lack of education, social stigma, and poverty all play into the role of the spread of HIV in the sub sahara African region. This is a stoppable disease, but only with understanding of how it is passed, and education on how to stop the spread. Condoms, monogamy, good hygiene around bodily fluids and education on intravenous drug use are the only ways to slow the progress of AIDS.


Martin Kemp's curator insight, December 17, 2015 3:07 PM

you always hear about the aids problem in africa but this graph really puts it into context and you can see how huge of a problem this is. obviously better doctors/education is needed in these places to halt this pandemic

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The 10 Worst River Basins Contributing to Ocean Plastics

The 10 Worst River Basins Contributing to Ocean Plastics | Regional Geography 200 |

"[A new paper], published in the journal Environmental Science and Technology, calculates that rivers contribute between 410,000 and 4 million tonnes a year to oceanic plastic debris, with 88 to 95% [of that total] coming from only 10. Those rivers are the Yangtze, Yellow, Hai He, Pearl, Amur and Mekong in east Asia, the Indus and Ganges Delta in south Asia, and the Niger and Nile in Africa."

Olivia Campanella's insight:
In East Asia the Yangtze, Yellow, Hai He, Pearl Amur, Mekong. South Asia, Indus, Ganges Delta and in Africa the Niger and Nile River are responsible for dumping 4 million tonnes of plastic into the sea each year. Previous research has found 1/4 of plastic and trash comes from marine activity such as ships, fishing boats or drilling platforms. The 4/5 left comes from land totals 4.8 to 12 million tonnes. 
Matt Richardson's curator insight, January 3, 2018 1:22 PM
Baltimore harbor has an odd contraption that is scooping plastic out of Jones Falls before it reaches the outer harbor. If only this machine could operate in these 10 river systems, which are contributing waste to our embattled/trashed/overfished/warming oceans. .
Matt Manish's curator insight, April 4, 2018 12:44 PM
It struck me as odd to learn that the majority of plastic that winds up in the ocean isn't actually from ocean activities. Also, that these ten rivers contribute up to 88 to 95% of plastics in the ocean. This is a huge margin of these materials coming from these ten major river systems, most of them being in Asia. This makes me wonder why are mostly Asia's rivers carrying so much trash to ocean. It could be the major cities sitting along the banks that are dumping trash into the river and letting float down steam. Also, I wonder if there possibly isn't an efficient enough sanitation system set up in Asia which could lead to more people just throwing their trash into these rivers. To summarize, something from the data in this article tells me that their is a common denominator as to why most of the rivers that carry the largest amount of plastic materials to the ocean every year are located in Asia.
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Infographic: Palestinian homes demolished

Infographic: Palestinian homes demolished | Regional Geography 200 |
Report by an Israeli non-governmental organisation says 2011 was a record year for Palestinian displacement.


This infographic comes from the group Visualizing Palestine. This corresponds with the UN's recent statement that Gaza 'will not be liveable by 2020' given Israeli policies.

Olivia Campanella's insight:
This article explains the devastating demolitions that are caused by large -scale  military operations such as the War on Gaza in 2008-09. Ten years ago, a 23 year old man (Corrie) was killed by an Israeli army bulldozer when he and his group of activists were acting as human shields to try to stop the Israeli army from demolishing Palestinian homes and clearing out the land around the Palestinian town of Rafah.
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The Golan Heights

The Golan Heights | Regional Geography 200 |

In early November 2012, three Syrian tanks entered the demilitarized zone (DMZ) of the Golan Heights. The move by Syria is the first violation of the zone in 40 years and concerns countries of the region. Since then some of the Syrian rebels have also been reported operating in Golan Heights.

Olivia Campanella's insight:
In this article it is a great way to learn about the geopolitical significance of the Golan Heights. The Golan Heights are a rough plateau - like highland located at the southern end of the Antilebanon Mountains (they rise over 10,000 feet). The Golan Heights geography makes it strategic to Israel. It is one of the Jordan river's major sources of water, but they also overlook the best Isreali farmland in the Jordan Valley. 
Louis Culotta's curator insight, April 4, 2013 6:35 PM

Heres some info on how poeple have been living in regards to a troubled area of the world.

Elizabeth Bitgood's curator insight, March 19, 2014 9:08 AM

This article stresses the importance of geography when discussing political situation with neighboring countries.  The fact that the heights are such a strategic advantage to whoever owns them explains why they are so contested.  As long as these two countries are not friendly nations this disagreement over the strategic point will continue.

Martin Kemp's curator insight, December 17, 2015 2:26 PM

i never even heard of the Golan Heights before this and i would have never known the significance of this DMZ until now. this just sheds more light on what is happening in syria today.

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Gender Divisions in Iran

Gender Divisions in Iran | Regional Geography 200 |

For my non-Farsi speaking readers, this map displays a 'male' province and a 'female' province.  These two provinces are separated by barbed wire, 20-meter trench and the Great Wall of China with ground-to-air missiles.  


While not a "cartographically accurate" map of the divisions within Iran, it does symbolically highlight the enormous gulf between men and women.  Men and women are not in separate provinces, but what might the symbolic spatial gender division on this map represent for Iranian society? 

Olivia Campanella's insight:
In this article it is shown on the map the separation of the female and male province. These two provinces are separated by barbed wire along a 20 meter trench with crocodiles at the bottom. There is also the Great Wall of china with ground- to- air missiles.
Amy Marques's curator insight, April 24, 2014 2:01 PM

I think this picture shows how Iranian society thinks and operates. There is an entirely different set of rules, ideals, and codes men and women follow in their society. Women are typically held inside, wear head coverings, are not allowed to be in the public sector unless accompanied by a man or her husband. This map isn't real, but it does show that if they were in separate provinces, there would be a gender division that could spring a revolution for women to be educated and empowered, and it could also hurt the economy because ultimately a society needs women to have children to ensure there is a workforce.

Jacob Crowell's curator insight, December 15, 2014 1:15 PM

An extreme exaggeration that still addresses a real issue in Iran. Although there is no barb wire and missiles that divide genders in Iran there are cultural as well as structural barriers that keep men in the public sphere while women are kept in the private sphere. 

Matt Ramsdell's curator insight, December 14, 2015 10:16 PM

This map here shows the gender division of men and women sides of the country. Running down the middle would be a a barbed wire with ground to air missles. One issue of this would be the fact that birth rates would drastically drop with the separation of the men and women. However the women would be allowed to go out the house and not have a man with them and be able to be out without fear of being hurt or killed. This would be a sure way to demolish a country.

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Alluvial Fans

Alluvial Fans | Regional Geography 200 |

"When a mountain stream carries a lot of sediment (clay, silt, sand, gravel, cobbles, and boulders) and leaves the confines of the canyon, the sediment is deposited. Over time, this process creates a fan-shaped deposit. The sediment is deposited not because the gradient of the stream decreased, but because the power of the stream dissipates beyond the canyon mouth as the water is spread thin and infiitrates. Many cities are built on alluvium fans, often leading to hazards from flash floods and mudflows."

Olivia Campanella's insight:
What is an Alluvial Fan? 

An Alluvial fan is a fan or cone shaped deposit of sediments ( clay silt, sand, gravel, cobbles or boulders) that cross and build up in streams and over time creates this fan shaped deposit. The sediment is not deposited because the slope of the stream decreased, but because the power and velocity of the stream became too thin. Many villages and towns build around Alluvial fans but there is always often floods and mudflows.
othni lindor's curator insight, October 20, 2018 3:41 AM
This post explains when a mountain stream carries a lot of sediment and leaves a canyon, the sediment is deposited. "The sediment is deposited not because the gradient of the stream decreased, but because the power of the stream dissipates." Over time, it creates a fan-shaped deposit. This called an alluvial fan. Many cities are built on alluvium fans, which can cause flash floods and mud flows. Alluvial fans are found in deserts and humid regions.

Corey Rogers's curator insight, December 15, 2018 11:09 AM
The Alluvial Fans have a unique layout and supports the cities that have formed around it. Yes, there can be flash floods and mud-flows but the resources there keep the agriculture flourishing. 
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Star Forts, the Premier Defense System of the Late 1500s

Star Forts, the Premier Defense System of the Late 1500s | Regional Geography 200 |
Fort Bourtange remains perfectly preserved, with historic structures strewn across the 11-acre pentagon.


Star forts, five-sided forts designed to give guards a panoramic view of any potential attackers, originated in Italy in the 15th century. Providing the optimal structure for protection from threats, star forts were used in Italian warfare for years and eventually diffused to the Groningen region of the Netherlands, where the Bourtange star fort was constructed in 1593.


Tags:  military, historical, landscape.

Olivia Campanella's insight:
The Star Forts, a five sided star carved into the ground surrounded by a swampy moat was the premier Defense system of the Late 1500's. These forts were designed to give guards a panoramic view of any attackers. Bourtange is the most fascinating and unique historical area and was originated in Italy in the 15th Century. Inside these forts are historical churches and wooden windmills with cobblestone streets. There are Beautiful bridges and old military barracks. The Forts were used in Italian warfare for years but they were eventually diffused to the Netherland region where Bourtange Star Fort was constructed.
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Maldives | Regional Geography 200 |
Olivia Campanella's insight:
The Maldives is a Republic south west of the Indian subcontinent. It is made up of a chain of 1200 islands which most of them are uninhabited. The economy on Maldives resolves around tourism and scores of islands have been developed for the top end of the tourism market.
Matt Ramsdell's curator insight, December 14, 2015 8:54 PM

The creation of the Maldives was a evolutionary process that was created with hotspots in the Pacific Ocean. However most of the 1200 or so islands are disappearing. As many of these islands have been created and built upon, the soils are losing their strength. Now we have a process of erosion not only from rain but also from the sea waves. As this eats away at the islands they are getting smaller and smaller and unless they start bringing in artificial land area they will someday disappear.

Adam Deneault's curator insight, December 14, 2015 10:39 PM

The Maldives Islands were created by Hotspots in the Pacific Ocean. Many of the one thousand islands that are there are slowly disappearing. The islands are being destroyed by rain and from sea waves that crash onto the island itself. Soon the land, just like Kiribati will disappear because they just keep shrinking in size more and more. Their economy revolves mostly around tourist money and parts of the islands have been highly developed for high end tourist marketing.  

Nicholas A. Whitmore's curator insight, December 19, 2015 4:33 AM

Honestly a nation like the Maldives would only be possible with today's technology. the lack of resources, land and linking landmass would have made it stuck in an era with villages at best. The modern country if you ask me is also a disaster waiting to happen. Their cities are right on sea level. A single tsunami or storm would devastate them never mind rising sea levels. I just think they are acting unsustainable and their growth without lack of native resources will lead to their nations ultimate failure. While I wish these people success their islands are also eroding due to reefs so geography is pretty much against them at every turn. In the future hopefully a solution to these problems can be found but until then this will likely be an area that will have to be evacuated in the future like many others.

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30 charts and maps that explain China today

30 charts and maps that explain China today | Regional Geography 200 |

"China's mind-boggling size, economy and history, visualized.""

Olivia Campanella's insight:
In this article shows a map of how incredibly huge the Chinese population really is. each country and land area is sized proportionate to the population of each
Benjamin Jackson's curator insight, December 13, 2015 8:06 AM

These charts are fantastic at explaining the impact that china is having on the world. their economy is massive, and they tend to use a massive amount of global resources. it also amazes me how big their population is.

Colleen Blankenship's curator insight, March 30, 2016 12:10 PM

This article is an enjoyable hodge-podge of maps, charts and graphs that collectively attempt to explain China's role the world today.  This is similar to, and complements this article which answers 7 question about China and the United States.  

Tags: economic, China, development.

BrianCaldwell7's curator insight, April 5, 2016 8:05 AM

This article is an enjoyable hodge-podge of maps, charts and graphs that collectively attempt to explain China's role the world today.  This is similar to, and complements this article which answers 7 question about China and the United States.  

Tags: economic, China, development.

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The Chinese Art of the Crowd

The Chinese Art of the Crowd | Regional Geography 200 |
After viewing news photographs from China for years, one of my favorite visual themes is "large crowd formations." Whether the subject is military parades or world-record attempts, mass exercises or enormous performances, the images are frequently remarkable. The masses of people can look beautiful or intimidating, projecting a sense of strength and abundance. Individuals can become pixels in a huge painting, or points on a grid, or echoes of each other in identical uniforms or costumes.

Tags: China, East Asia, culture, art, landscape.

Olivia Campanella's insight:
In this article it lists photographs of the art of large crowds. Some of these are breathtaking 
Nidhal Bk's curator insight, May 20, 2015 8:34 AM

Mark Hathaway's curator insight, November 24, 2015 7:19 AM

These photos invoke both a sense of beauty and intimidation. The photos themselves are majestic. They are almost perfect creations of art. The photos also invoke a sense of intimidation and dread. The Chinese have mastered the art of propaganda. They know how to put on a display that invokes both power and fear. Many of their photos involve military parades. The entire point of parading your military is to show both power and intimidation. It is both a threat and honor at the same time.

Benjamin Jackson's curator insight, December 6, 2015 4:30 PM

there were two things i learned from this. first, the Chinese are an insanely regimented society. the government can instill in soldiers the discipline to march in such an exact manner that it looks like a lineup of mirrors. second, the Chinese will beat you at any numbers based world record that catches their attention.

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The Fastest Growing Economies

The Fastest Growing Economies | Regional Geography 200 |
See how the world's largest and fastest growing economies change over time.
Olivia Campanella's insight:
In this article lists the worlds largest economies.

1. Unites States
2. China
3. Japan
4. Germany
5. India
6. France
7. United Kingdom
8. Brazil 
9. Italy
10. Canada
11. Korea
12. Russia
13. Australia
14. Spain
15. Mexico
Luis Cesar Nunes's curator insight, November 4, 2015 6:01 AM


Martin Kemp's curator insight, December 17, 2015 3:49 PM

the most surprising thing about this is how india has one of the worlds largest economies but is far behind both the united states and china as well as many european countries in economic growth. also how china can have the worlds number one economy but the united states is so far ahead in economic growth numbers, i suppose that china will not be on top for very long.

Loic's curator insight, June 16, 2017 9:17 AM

This interactive is simple but conveys some very powerful data.  Above is a still shot of 2014's fastest growing economies (you can also view the largest overall economies).  Another telling statistical ranking is the UN's Human Development Index; explore more global data on Google's Public Data

Tags: economic, visualizationstatisticsdevelopment, google.

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Diwali: Festival of Lights

Diwali: Festival of Lights | Regional Geography 200 |
In India, one of the most significant festivals is Diwali, or the Festival of Lights. It's a five-day celebration that includes good food, fireworks, colored sand, and special candles and lamps.
Olivia Campanella's insight:
This National Geographic video is a beautiful introduction to the cultural practices of the people of India and of Diwali. Diwali is a fall festival symbolizing the triumph of light over darkness. It is a 5 day celebration that includes food, fireworks colored vibrant clothing and sands, and special candles and lamps.
Alex Vielman's curator insight, December 15, 2015 12:40 AM

In India, one of the most significant festivals in the region is in Diwali, known as the Festival of Lights. The festival symbolizes the forces of lights over the force of darkness. In other words, it symbolizes the good of the country over the evil. This is a festival around the Christmas time which allows families and friends to join together in order to represent the good. The day is followed by rituals, going to the temple, food, etc. and of course the lights. It is truly fascinating how thousands of people reunite in order to make this festival happen over and over each year. It is a day for sure that describes peace against the problems occurring in the country and it is a ray of hope for others. Some critics, are concerned about the thousands of fireworks that are lit up because they say it causes too much pollution but it is  day to rejoice and forget the bad to others.

Martin Kemp's curator insight, December 17, 2015 3:35 PM

this is a great example of cultural diffusion. you can see events like this all over the U.S including here in providence with the waterfires, very cool.

David Stiger's curator insight, November 12, 2018 3:48 PM
Learning about the cultural practices of other societies and civilizations has a way of humanizing unknown people. Of course Westerners can intellectually understand the people in South Asia are human beings, but seeing the images and features of Diwali - especially the parallels with Christianity - makes India seem less foreign and more relatable. Indians celebrating Diwali can also probably relate to the mixed feelings of a shamelessly commercialized holiday. The commercialization in America is borderline manipulative as it pressures people to worry about gifts, money, and shopping.  Christmas shopping in the Western world suffocates the holy nature of the birth of Christ - making the whole season overly materialistic, stressful, and self-indulgent. It distorts the human ego creating its own form of darkness. India's festival of lights may be encountering a similar form of dark commercialization where values such as family and goodwill are set aside for spending and material desires. Hopefully, for both Christmas and Diwali, light can be restored by studying and reflecting on our materialist ways and reverting back to the old ways. 
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Special Economic Zones

Special Economic Zones | Regional Geography 200 |

"Special Economic Zones (SEZs) are the most rapidly spreading kind of city, having catapulted exports and growth from Mauritius and the Dominican Republic to Shenzhen and Dubai -- and now across Africa. Today more than 4000 SEZs dot the planet, a major indication of our transition towards the "supply chain world" explored in Connectography.  See more maps from Connectography and order the book here."


Tags: globalization, urban, economic, industry, regions.

Olivia Campanella's insight:
Thus article explains the Special Economic Zones (SEZ) are the most rapidly spreading city having exports and growth from Mauritius to the DR and now even Africa. Today more than 4000 SEZ cover the planet.
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Shrinking cities: the rise and fall of global urban populations – mapped

Shrinking cities: the rise and fall of global urban populations – mapped | Regional Geography 200 |

"The world is experiencing rapid urbanisation, but not every city is growing. Population is likely to decline in 17% of large cities in developed regions and 8% of cities across the world from 2015 to 2025, according to a McKinsey report."

Olivia Campanella's insight:
In this article the maps below are a good tool for Regional Geography classes. These maps show how the world is experiencing rapid urbanization, but not all cities are growing. Population is likely to decline in 17% in developed regions
Courtney Barrowman's curator insight, March 9, 2017 11:59 AM
unit 7
James Hardie's curator insight, April 17, 2017 9:12 PM

Geographical skills and concepts: place / space / scale / change 

Geographical knowledge: "Causes and consequences of urbanisation, drawing on a study from Indonesia, or another country of the Asia region (ACHGK054)" 

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Oldest and Youngest Populations

Oldest and Youngest Populations | Regional Geography 200 |

"There are 1.2 billion people between the ages of 15 and 24 in the world today — and that means that many countries have populations younger than ever before.  Some believe that this 'youth bulge' helps fuel social unrest — particularly when combined with high levels of youth unemployment.  Youth unemployment is a 'global time bomb,' as long as today’s millennials remain 'hampered by weak economies, discrimination, and inequality of opportunity.'  The world’s 15 youngest countries are all in Africa.  Of the continent’s 200 million young people, about 75 million are unemployed.

On the flip side, an aging population presents a different set of problems: Japan and Germany are tied for the world’s oldest countries, with median ages of 46.1. Germany’s declining birth rate might mean that its population will decrease by 19 percent, shrinking to 66 million by 2060. An aging population has a huge economic impact: in Germany, it has meant a labor shortage, leaving jobs unfilled."

Olivia Campanella's insight:
In the article there are 1.2 billion people between the ages of 15 and 24 in the world today. Meaning that, countries around the world have populations younger than ever! 15 of the youngest countries are in Africa. And of the 200 million young people of Africa, about 75 million are unemployed. The worlds youngest country is Niger with a population and median age of 15.1 and coming in a close second is Uganda with 15.5, but Japan and Germany are some of the Worlds oldest countries ranging in a median age of 46.1! 
Kristen Trammell's curator insight, March 23, 2015 12:05 PM

I. Using the data from CIA Facebook, global post created a map illustrating the median ages of countries around the world. The world’s fifteen youngest countries are all located in Africa. The high number of teenagers in developed countries leads to youth unemployment which leads to the countries being “hampered by weak economies.” 


II. The distribution of ages effects countries by “weak economies, discrimination, and inequality of opportunity.” Although countries with a fixed population of a young age can be detrimental, a country with an aging population can lead to a declining birth rate. This leads to labor shortages in the future which additionally stifles the economy.  

Brian Wilk's curator insight, March 23, 2015 7:08 PM

Demographics seemingly started with age as a metric many years ago and have evolved into marketing tools, political footballs, and ways to combat everything from obesity to social security. Africa is clearly the youngest and probably for a very morbid reason; AIDS and Ebola among other diseases have taken their toll on the sexually active and thus have reduced the average age of their population.

Germany seems to be the place to go for a job as the labor shortage will mean higher wages for the folks who are left. Japan has another issue; a healthy aging population that will strain the government's ability to financially take care of them.

I wonder if the unevenness of Europe is an indication of the two World wars that were fought mostly on the turf. Did some countries lose more than others? If more soldiers, presumably of baby making age, perished did this affect the countries ability to keep pace with the Germany's and Spain's of Europe?

Diet seems to play a large part as well as the Mediterranean is well represented in terms of age. Does their healthy diet of fish, nuts, legumes and olive oil make a difference?

I could spend all day postulating, but I'll leave some of the findings for you to discover...

Deanna Metz's curator insight, March 1, 2016 8:05 PM

The median age of a population call be a quite telling statistic--almost a surrogate for a population pyramid.  I post this with a special attention to Sub-Saharan Africa; the youngest 15 countries in the world are all in Africa, one of the major demographic realities confronting African economies and politics.  Here is a map with the median age of U.S. counties.

Tag: population, demographic transition model, population pyramids.

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On Israel's system of segregated roads in the occupied Palestinian territories

On Israel's system of segregated roads in the occupied Palestinian territories | Regional Geography 200 |

Tags: MiddleEast, territoriality, transportation, borders, conflict, governance, political, unit 4 political. 

Olivia Campanella's insight:
In this article you can see a map of how the roads in the Palestinian territories were split. There is a key down at the bottom to see which roads were for Israel and which were for Palestinians.
Cam E's curator insight, March 4, 2014 11:32 AM

A relatively grim reminder that even things as clear-cut as road systems can be inherently political. This system forces segregation by the law of which roads can be driven on, but it's a good jumping point to remember that even the placement of roads can exclude or include communities. I'm reminded of the proposed idea for a NAFTA superhighway running through Mexico, Canada, and the US. One of the criticisms was that the highway would not provide exits for anywhere but major economics centers, effectively cutting off small towns from the rest of the area.

Zach & Wafeeq's curator insight, November 4, 2014 5:04 PM

Area/Geography: This is a diagram of what Israel is like for Palestinians and Israelis. It shows extremely restricted access for Palestinians. Whereas Israelis have all of the roads. This diagram fairly falls under the Area/Geography category because of the fact of how the Israeli government is manipulating the area/geography of the land of Israel to suit their best interest. 

Jacqueline Garcia pd1's curator insight, March 22, 2015 3:33 PM

Here one can see the political territoriality among Israel. For example in this article webpage we saw that people with Palestinian license plates can not drive on Israeli roads. This is one of the many instances where people are segregated according to their beliefs. 

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Saudia Arabia To Build Women-Only City

Saudia Arabia To Build Women-Only City | Regional Geography 200 |
In a bid to reconcile strict gender-segregation laws with a desire to increase employment opportunities for women, Saudi Arabia is planning to construct a new industrial "city" exclusively for female workers, Russian news agency RT reports.


The idea is mind-blowing to say the least.  More women would be able to be a part of the workforce and move freely about women-only cities in Saudi Arabia than they could in 'regular' cities. 

Question to ponder: would the implementation of this idea represent a cultural step forward for Saudi Arabia towards gender equality or would it be a step that further isolated women and is repressive?  What do you think of the idea given the ingrained gender norms of Saudi Arabia? 

Olivia Campanella's insight:
Saudi Arabia is planning on constructing a new industrial "city" exclusively for female workers. It would increase female employment opportunities, and help women be part of a workforce and to move more freely. But, would this city help Saudi Arabia grow? Or would it bring this country a step back?
Kendra King's curator insight, February 27, 2015 1:09 AM

I can see how this might sound appealing, but this isn't the right solution. On the one hand, the women would be able to enter the work force more so as to close the disparity between women who are unemployed. That gap is actually huge since the article mentioned the number of Saudi women who work is somewhere in the low teens despite the fact that "60%" of college graduates are women. At the same time, this environment might prove to be more freeing for women in regards to their movement as well. As the article mentioned women always have to be "accompanied by a male," which is just ridiculously restricting.


Yet all of these benefits come at the price of isolation. That whole "separate, but equal" thing played out in the US and it wasn't actually equality. Nor did it actually make for a harmonious environment. In order to actually change people's minds, the government can't just push the women workers out of site in a corner.Without men being around women workers, they will continue to treat them poorly as second class citizens. Furthermore,separating them almost makes it seem like they are second class thereby exacerbating the gender norms within the country even more. 

Mark Hathaway's curator insight, October 23, 2015 6:49 AM

This women only city policy, has a lot in common with the racial segregation polices in the United States. In 1896, in Plessy v Ferguson the Supreme Court ruled that as long as the facilities for whites and blacks were equal, segregation was constitutionally permissible. The idea that facilities can be separate and equal is a fallacy. The dominate group will always be provided with the better facilities , because they have the economic and the social means to build a better facility. The less group will suffer do to a lack of political and economic means. This women only city will likely pale in comparison to the other cities of Saudi Arabia. True equality comes through integration, not separation.

Martin Kemp's curator insight, December 17, 2015 2:20 PM

this would 100% be a step back, that is the worst kind of segregation and "equality" did we not have this in the united states and it was scrapped shortly after because "separate is inherently not equal"

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Kazakhstan to switch from Cyrillic to Latin alphabet

Kazakhstan to switch from Cyrillic to Latin alphabet | Regional Geography 200 |

"Kazakh was written in Arabic script until 1920 when it was substituted by the Latin alphabet. In 1940, it was replaced by a Cyrillic one. 'Given that over 100 countries in the world use the Latin script, it is crucial for Kazakhstan's integration into the global educational and economic environment,' said Gulnar Karbozova.

The former Soviet Republic declared independence in 1991. Its state language is Kazakh, a member of the Turkic family.

Yet, Russian is widely spoken across Kazakhstan and is its second official language."

Olivia Campanella's insight:
In this article it is explained how Kazakhstan is to switch from a Cyrillic alphabet to a Latin one. Kazakhstan President, Nursultan Narzarbeyeu signed a decree stating the switch of the country's alphabet from Cyrillic to Latin. Uzbekistan and Azerbaijan have already switched theirs. Kazakh was written in Arabic in the 1920's until it was switched to Latin. In the 1940's the Latin alphabet was replaced with a Cyrillic one. 
Stevie-Rae Wood's curator insight, October 28, 2018 10:07 PM
I couldn't imagine having to learn a new alphabet if your familiar and dominate it what was your nations national alphabet. The President of Kazakhstan is switching the national alphabet from Cyrillic to Latin. This transition of the alphabet is projected to take citizens seven years to learn. Kazakh's neighbors have made the switch to Latin and the main reason for Kazakh's switch is so that it can integrate into the global educational and economic environment.
Matt Danielson's curator insight, October 30, 2018 11:29 PM
The culture of Kazakhstan has had so many different regions influencing it over the years it has affected and changed its language, writing, and culture overall. The originally wrote in san script (Arabic influence) then in Cryillic(in influence from Eastern Europeans south Eastern Europeans  Now to Latin (under western cultural influence). 
Kelvis Hernandez's curator insight, November 1, 2018 11:42 AM
Kazakhstan's President has signed a decree to switch the official alphabet from Cyrillic to Latin. They are just one of several ex-soviet nations who has switched to the Latin alphabet. It will be extremely hard to do and will take a lot of time, but it is not the first time Kazakh has been changed. Originally it was written in Arabic, switches to Latin in 1920 and in 1940 replaced by the Cyrillic one. Think about why they want to change to a Latin Alphabet. Are they attempting to move away from Russia's sphere of influence to become more involved with the west?
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Russian Orthodox believers mark Epiphany with icy plunge

Russian Orthodox believers mark Epiphany with icy plunge | Regional Geography 200 |
Thousands of members of the Russian Orthodox Church marked Epiphany on January 19 with a dip in freezing waters blessed by a cleric. Epiphany is a celebration of the baptism of Jesus Christ and the...
Olivia Campanella's insight:
In this article it is explained how thousands of Russian Orthodox Church members mark Epiphany by dipping themselves in single digit and/or below zero degrees waters on January 19th. The members cut cross shaped holes into lakes and ponds. They believe that on that day the waters are considered holy and pure, blessed by the cleric and have special healing and protection powers that last until the next years celebration.
Matt Ramsdell's curator insight, November 25, 2015 2:18 PM

This Russian tradition is based solely on the church and their beliefs. This is a cleansing of the body and soul. The ice ia cut out into shapes of crosses. The people then jump in for this icy plunge. Many believe this is a rite of passage for the church. Done in the monthon January when the waters are at their coldest.

Adam Deneault's curator insight, December 14, 2015 1:18 PM

The fact that these people are jumping into pretty much frozen water in January is insane. I know we do a polar plunge here in RI, but I do not know of anyone who completely gets wet, I always knew of people just going in up to their knees or waist. Anyway, they obviously do not do it for a charity reason though, they do it to show religious dedication and proving themselves to the Russian Orthodox church. What baffles me most though, is since Russia is the largest country in the world and cold travels harder over larger masses of land, geographically, they are way low in the single digits and negatives while they are doing this. At least here our water is not already pre frozen and we could be in the 20s to 30s in January. 

Martin Kemp's curator insight, December 17, 2015 1:30 PM

all i could think about while reading this article was cultural diffusion, this is a great example of how cultures spread and gets adapted from place to place. here in the united states, also more specifically in Rhode Island and Massachusetts, you can take part in a similar event called the penguin plunge.