Psicología Positiva,Felicidad y Bienestar. Positive Psychology,Happiness & Well-being
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Positive Psychology Articles - a topical Collection

Positive Psychology Articles - a topical Collection | Psicología Positiva,Felicidad y Bienestar. Positive Psychology,Happiness & Well-being | Scoop.it
On this page, I collect a wide array of research articles on Positive Psychology - sorted by sub-domains. In most cases, links lead to PDFs that are available for free. This page is work in progres...
Margarita Tarragona's insight:

Fantástica colección de artículos de psicología positiva, organizados por temas. ¡Gracias Nico Rose! #psicologiapositiva #PosPsy

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Psicología Positiva,Felicidad y Bienestar. Positive Psychology,Happiness & Well-being
Investigaciones y ensayos sobre la psicología de la felicidad y el bienestar.
Research and essays about the psychology of happiness and wellbeing.
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Four causes for ‘Zoom fatigue’ and their solutions

Four causes for ‘Zoom fatigue’ and their solutions | Psicología Positiva,Felicidad y Bienestar. Positive Psychology,Happiness & Well-being | Scoop.it
It’s not just Zoom. Popular video chat platforms have design flaws that exhaust the human mind and body. But there are easy ways to mitigate their effects.
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Gratitude across the life span: Age differences and links to subjective well-being.

Gratitude has been described as an adaptive evolutionary mechanism that is relevant to healthy psychological and interpersonal outcomes. Questions remain as to whether the presence and benefits of gratitude are consistent from young adulthood to old age; prior research has yielded mixed evidence. We examined the magnitude and direction of age differences in gratitude in three samples (combined N = 31,206). We also examined whether gratitude was associated with greater/lesser well-being at different periods in the life course. We found that the experience of gratitude was greatest in older adults and least in middle aged and younger adults. Further, we found that the associations between gratitude and subjective well-being remained relatively constant across the lifespan. Findings are discussed from a developmental perspective.


Via Dr James Hawkins
Margarita Tarragona's insight:

La gratitud está asociada al bienestar a lo largo de la vida, y la gente mayor es la que tiende a sentir más gratitud.

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Associations between the Application of Signature Character Strengths, Health and Well-being of Health Professionals

Associations between the Application of Signature Character Strengths, Health and Well-being of Health Professionals | Psicología Positiva,Felicidad y Bienestar. Positive Psychology,Happiness & Well-being | Scoop.it

(Available in free full text) Previous research has shown a positive relation between character strengths, well-being and health. The aim of this analysis was to identify relations between the application of signature character strengths (ASCS) at work, and well-being and health, among medical students (study 1) and resident physicians (study 2). We expected positive direct links between the constructs and indirect effects through emotional exhaustion. To test these hypotheses, 387 medical students in their first year and 136 resident physicians completed five scales measuring well-being, mental/ physical health, character strengths, the application of their five individual signature strengths, and emotional exhaustion as an indicator of burnout. Partial correlations were examined, and mediation analyses performed. ASCS at work was positively linked with well-being and mental health but not with physical health. All links were mediated by emotional exhaustion in study 1 and (except for mental health) also in study 2. Future studies would therefore do well to investigate the promotion of ASCS at work of people operating in medical education and its potential in fostering well-being and preventing burnout from the outset.  Previous research has shown a positive relation between character strengths, well-being and health. The aim of this analysis was to identify relations between the application of signature character strengths (ASCS) at work, and well-being and health, among medical students (study 1) and resident physicians (study 2). We expected positive direct links between the constructs and indirect effects through emotional exhaustion. To test these hypotheses, 387 medical students in their first year and 136 resident physicians completed five scales measuring well-being, mental/ physical health, character strengths, the application of their five individual signature strengths, and emotional exhaustion as an indicator of burnout. Partial correlations were examined, and mediation analyses performed. ASCS at work was positively linked with well-being and mental health but not with physical health. All links were mediated by emotional exhaustion in study 1 and (except for mental health) also in study 2. Future studies would therefore do well to investigate the promotion of ASCS at work of people operating in medical education and its potential in fostering well-being and preventing burnout from the outset.


Via Dr James Hawkins
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Twenty eight recent & intriguing research studies on Positive Psychology

28 recent research papers on Positive Psychology, including Haridas on the importance of zest, hope & kindness for mental health, Kardos on empathic people's increased number of close friends, and Warner on the happiness boost associated with eating more fruit & vegetables.


Via Dr James Hawkins
Margarita Tarragona's insight:

28 investigaciones recientes de psicología positiva

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Our Brains Synchronize During Conversation

Our Brains Synchronize During Conversation | Psicología Positiva,Felicidad y Bienestar. Positive Psychology,Happiness & Well-being | Scoop.it
Neuroscience News has recent neuroscience research articles, brain research news, neurology studies and neuroscience resources for neuroscientists, students, and science fans and is always free to join. Our neuroscience social network has science groups, discussion forums, free books, resources, science videos and more.

Via Kasia Hein-Peters
Margarita Tarragona's insight:

Nuestros cerebros se sincronizan cuando conversamos

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AASM position: Delaying middle school, high school start times is beneficial to students

AASM position: Delaying middle school, high school start times is beneficial to students | Psicología Positiva,Felicidad y Bienestar. Positive Psychology,Happiness & Well-being | Scoop.it
A new position statement from the American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) asserts that the school day should begin at 8:30 a.m. or later for middle school and high school students.
Margarita Tarragona's insight:

Si la escuela empezara a las 8:30 am para los jóvenes de secundaria y preparatoria, dormirían más, mejoraría su bienestar y se reducirían varias conductas de riesgo entre los adolescentes.

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Let them eat fruit! The effect of fruit and vegetable consumption on psychological well-being in young adults: A randomized controlled trial

Let them eat fruit! The effect of fruit and vegetable consumption on psychological well-being in young adults: A randomized controlled trial | Psicología Positiva,Felicidad y Bienestar. Positive Psychology,Happiness & Well-being | Scoop.it
This study tested the psychological benefits of a 14-day preregistered clinical intervention to increase fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption in 171 low-FV-consuming young adults (67% female, aged 18–25). Participants were randomly assigned into a diet-as-usual control condition, an ecological momentary intervention (EMI) condition involving text message reminders to increase their FV consumption plus a voucher to purchase FV, or a fruit and vegetable intervention (FVI) condition in which participants were given two additional daily servings of fresh FV to consume on top of their normal diet. Self-report outcome measures were depressive symptoms and anxiety measured pre- and post-intervention, and daily negative and positive mood, vitality, flourishing, and flourishing behaviors (curiosity, creativity, motivation) assessed nightly using a smartphone survey. Vitamin C and carotenoids were measured from blood samples pre- and post-intervention, and psychological expectancies about the benefits of FV were measured post-intervention to test as mediators of psychological change. Only participants in the FVI condition showed improvements to their psychological well-being with increases in vitality, flourishing, and motivation across the 14-days relative to the other groups. No changes were found for depressive symptoms, anxiety, or mood. Intervention benefits were not mediated by vitamin C, carotenoids, or psychological expectancies. We conclude that providing young adults with high-quality FV, rather than reminding them to eat more FV (with a voucher to purchase FV), resulted in significant short-term improvements to their psychological well-being. These results provide initial proof-of-concept that giving young adults fresh fruit and vegetables to eat can have psychological benefits even over a brief period of time. Trial registration: Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry ACTRN12615000183583
Margarita Tarragona's insight:

Comer frutas y verduras aumenta el bienestar psicológico de los jóvenes.

Margarita Tarragona's curator insight, February 9, 2017 1:13 PM

Comer frutas y verduras aumenta el bienestar psicológico de los jóvenes.

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Happier People Live More Active Lives: Using Smartphones to Link Happiness and Physical Activity

Happier People Live More Active Lives: Using Smartphones to Link Happiness and Physical Activity | Psicología Positiva,Felicidad y Bienestar. Positive Psychology,Happiness & Well-being | Scoop.it
Physical activity, both exercise and non-exercise, has far-reaching benefits to physical health. Although exercise has also been linked to psychological health (e.g., happiness), little research has examined physical activity more broadly, taking into account non-exercise activity as well as exercise. We examined the relationship between physical activity (measured broadly) and happiness using a smartphone application. This app has collected self-reports of happiness and physical activity from over ten thousand participants, while passively gathering information about physical activity from the accelerometers on users' phones. The findings reveal that individuals who are more physically active are happier. Further, individuals are happier in the moments when they are more physically active. These results emerged when assessing activity subjectively, via self-report, or objectively, via participants' smartphone accelerometers. Overall, this research suggests that not only exercise but also non-exercise physical activity is related to happiness. This research further demonstrates how smartphones can be used to collect large-scale data to examine psychological, behavioral, and health-related phenomena as they naturally occur in everyday life.
Margarita Tarragona's insight:

La actividad física (tanto el deporte como simplemente el moverse) se correlacionan con la felicidad. Y las personas están especialmente felices cuando están haciendo una actividad física.

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5 Rules For A Happier Life

5 Rules For A Happier Life | Psicología Positiva,Felicidad y Bienestar. Positive Psychology,Happiness & Well-being | Scoop.it
What if there was a study dedicated to unearthing the secrets to a happy and purposeful life? It would have to be conducted over the course of many decades, following the lives of real people fro

Via Sandeep Gautam
Margarita Tarragona's insight:

Entrevista con George Vaillant sobre los principales hallazgos sobre la felicidad del Grant Study de Harvard (una investigación  sobre el desarrollo adulto que lleva más de 75 años)

Sandeep Gautam's curator insight, January 7, 2017 11:54 AM
based on the Grant study
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Humor-based online positive psychology interventions: A randomized placebo-controlled long-term trial

Humor-based online positive psychology interventions: A randomized placebo-controlled long-term trial | Psicología Positiva,Felicidad y Bienestar. Positive Psychology,Happiness & Well-being | Scoop.it

While correlational evidence exists that humor is positively associated with well-being, only few studies addressed causality. We tested the effects of five humor-based activities on happiness and depression in a placebo-controlled, self-administered online positive psychology intervention study (N = 632 adults). All of the five one-week interventions enhanced happiness, three for up to six months (i.e. three funny things, applying humor, and counting funny things), whereas there were only short-term effects on depression (all were effective directly after the intervention). Additionally, we tested the moderating role of indicators of a person ? intervention-fit and identified early changes in well-being and preference (liking of the intervention) as the most potent indicators for changes six months after the intervention. Overall, we were able to replicate existing work, but also extend knowledge in the field by testing newly developed interventions for the first time. Findings are discussed with respect to the current literature.


Via Dr James Hawkins
Margarita Tarragona's insight:

Las intervenciones relacionadas con el sentido del humor, hechas en línea, aumentan los niveles de bienestar.

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Finding kids' strengths (and why being good at singing isn't the same as being a superstar) | Lea Waters

Finding kids' strengths (and why being good at singing isn't the same as being a superstar) | Lea Waters | Psicología Positiva,Felicidad y Bienestar. Positive Psychology,Happiness & Well-being | Scoop.it
We live in a success-obsessed society that narrowly defines strengths as things we are good at. That’s not the whole story
Margarita Tarragona's insight:

Excelente artículo de Lea Waters sobre la importancia de descubrir las fortalezas de los niños.

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Why We Think We Can Keep Those New Year's Resolutions

Why We Think We Can Keep Those New Year's Resolutions | Psicología Positiva,Felicidad y Bienestar. Positive Psychology,Happiness & Well-being | Scoop.it
When we think about taking action sometime in the future, we tend to neglect the constraints we’ll face when the future actually arrives
Margarita Tarragona's insight:

Cuando nos ponemos metas para el futuro,tendemos a minimizar las restricciones que enfrentaremos. PERO podemos hacer cosas para superarlas.

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What the Aztecs can teach us about happiness and the good life – Sebastian Purcell | Aeon Ideas

In the spring semester of the school year, I teach a class called ‘Happiness’. It’s always packed with students because, like most people, they want to learn the secret to feeling fulfilled.
‘How many of you want to be happy in life?’ I ask

Via Sandeep Gautam
Margarita Tarragona's insight:

No sabía nada sobre la filosofía de los aztecas sobre qué es una buena vida. Muy interesante.

Sandeep Gautam's curator insight, January 2, 2017 12:14 AM
A different perspective on happiness  - much more rooted !
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Marital Happiness, Marital Status, Health, and Longevity.

Marital Happiness, Marital Status, Health, and Longevity. | Psicología Positiva,Felicidad y Bienestar. Positive Psychology,Happiness & Well-being | Scoop.it

Married individuals are healthier and live longer than those who are never married, divorced, or widowed. But not all marriages are equal: unhappy marriages provide fewer benefits than happy ones. This study examined health and longevity across a nationally representative sample of U.S. adults, combining measures of marital status and marital happiness to compare those who were “very happy” in marriage to those who were “pretty happy” in marriage, “not too happy” in marriage, never married, divorced or separated, or widowed. We employed the General Social Survey–National Death Index to illuminate the associations among marital status, marital happiness, general happiness, and self-rated health and mortality risk. Compared to individuals who were “very happily” married, those who were “not too happy” in marriage were over twice as likely to report worse health and almost 40% more likely to die over the follow-up period, net of socioeconomic, geographic, and religiosity factors. Those not too happy in marriage also had equal or worse health and mortality risk compared to those who were never married, divorced or separated, or widowed. Results further indicate that general happiness underlies much of the relationship between marital happiness and better health and longevity. The literature on the health and longevity benefits of marriage is well established, but our results suggest that individuals in unhappy marriages may be a vulnerable population. We conclude that subjective well-being and relationship quality contribute to the health benefits of marriage.


Via Dr James Hawkins
Margarita Tarragona's insight:

En general, las personas casadas viven más que las solteras, divorciadas y viudas, pero la calidad de las relaciones influye: los matrimonios infelices ofrecen menos beneficios de salud que los felices.

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Human thriving: A conceptual debate and literature review

Human thriving: A conceptual debate and literature review | Psicología Positiva,Felicidad y Bienestar. Positive Psychology,Happiness & Well-being | Scoop.it

(Available in free full text) Abstract. Human beings have an inherent drive for self-improvement and growth (Maslow, 1965; Ryan & Deci, 2002). In a quest to understand how human beings achieve fulfillment, researchers have sought to explain why some individuals thrive in certain situations, whereas others merely survive or succumb. The topic of thriving has become popular with scholars, resulting in a divergent body of literature and a lack of consensus on the key processes that underpin the construct. In view of such differences, the purpose of this paper is threefold: (i) to review a number of existing theoretical and conceptual debates, and to propose a conceptualization of thriving applicable across different populations and domains; (ii) to consolidate pertinent bodies of extant thriving research and identify key personal and contextual enablers to inform applied practice; and (iii) to identify noteworthy gaps within existing literature so as to make recommendations for future research and, ultimately, support the development of effective psychosocial interventions for thriving.


Via Dr James Hawkins
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Distinguishing Relational Aspects of Character Strengths with Subjective and Psychological Well-being

Distinguishing Relational Aspects of Character Strengths with Subjective and Psychological Well-being | Psicología Positiva,Felicidad y Bienestar. Positive Psychology,Happiness & Well-being | Scoop.it

(Available in free full text) Research has shown that character strengths are positively linked with well-being in general. However, there has not been a fine-grained analysis up to date. This study examines the individual relational aspects between the 24 character strengths, subjective well-being (SWB), and different aspects of psychological well-being (PWB) at two times of measurement (N=117). Results showed that overall the “good character” was significantly stronger related with PWB than with SWB. The character strength “hope” was at least moderately correlated with the PWB aspects meaning, optimism and autonomy, and “zest” with the PWB aspects relationships and engagement. “Persistence” showed the highest correlation with the PWB aspect mastery. Out of the 24 character strengths, the happiness-related strengths (hope, zest, gratitude, curiosity, and love) were more likely to correlate with PWB and SWB than any other character strength. This study offers a more fine-grained and thorough understanding of specific relational aspects between the 24 character strengths and a broad range of well-being aspects. Future studies should take up a detailed strategy when exploring relationships between character strengths and well-being.


Via Dr James Hawkins
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How Gratitude Changes You and Your Brain

How Gratitude Changes You and Your Brain | Psicología Positiva,Felicidad y Bienestar. Positive Psychology,Happiness & Well-being | Scoop.it
New research is starting to explore how gratitude works to improve our mental health.

Via Sandeep Gautam
Margarita Tarragona's insight:

La relación entre la gratitud y la felicidad es uno de los hallazgos más consistentes de la psicología positiva.

Sandeep Gautam's curator insight, August 9, 2017 1:14 AM
Brief gratitude interventions have lasting effects on your well-being. 
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A neural link between generosity and happiness

A neural link between generosity and happiness | Psicología Positiva,Felicidad y Bienestar. Positive Psychology,Happiness & Well-being | Scoop.it
Article
Margarita Tarragona's insight:

Puede haber una conexión neurológica entre la generosidad y la felicidad

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A List of 26 Gratitude Exercises, Activities, Worksheets, Games, and Ideas

A List of 26 Gratitude Exercises, Activities, Worksheets, Games, and Ideas | Psicología Positiva,Felicidad y Bienestar. Positive Psychology,Happiness & Well-being | Scoop.it
Use this list of 26 gratitude exercises to develop your own gratitude practice or use these worksheets to teach others about the science of happiness!

Via Kasia Hein-Peters
Margarita Tarragona's insight:

26 ejercicios de gratitud

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Everyday creative activity as a path to flourishing

Everyday creative activity as a path to flourishing | Psicología Positiva,Felicidad y Bienestar. Positive Psychology,Happiness & Well-being | Scoop.it
(2016). Everyday creative activity as a path to flourishing. The Journal of Positive Psychology. Ahead of Print. doi: 10.1080/17439760.2016.1257049
Margarita Tarragona's insight:

Hacer una cosa creativa cada día aumenta el nivel de bienestar al día siguiente, ¡independientemente de si la hacemos bien!

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Which Personality Traits Are Most Predictive of Well-Being?

Which Personality Traits Are Most Predictive of Well-Being? | Psicología Positiva,Felicidad y Bienestar. Positive Psychology,Happiness & Well-being | Scoop.it
The real link between personality and well-being
Margarita Tarragona's insight:

Estos 5 rasgos de personalidad son los que más predicen el bienestar. De uno de mis investigadores preferidos, Scott Barry Kaufman y Jessie Sun.

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Affect and Affect Regulation Strategies Reciprocally Influence Each Other in Daily Life: The Case of Positive Reappraisal, Problem-Focused Coping, Appreciation and Rumination

Affect and Affect Regulation Strategies Reciprocally Influence Each Other in Daily Life: The Case of Positive Reappraisal, Problem-Focused Coping, Appreciation and Rumination | Psicología Positiva,Felicidad y Bienestar. Positive Psychology,Happiness & Well-being | Scoop.it

Feelings of positive or negative affect are not restricted to temporary states. They can also determine future affective experiences, by influencing the building of an individual’s personal resources. The present study was designed to understand the daily fluctuations in positive and negative affect more fully. To this end, we examined the involvement of a variety of affect regulation strategies in these fluctuations. The affect regulation strategies we explored included positive reappraisal, problem-focused coping, appreciation and rumination. We adopted an experience sampling method, consisting of five daily assessments over a 2-week period. As expected, within a few hours of experiencing more positive affect, participants engaged in greater positive reappraisal, problem-focused coping and appreciation. In turn, greater use of each of these three strategies was followed by more intense experiences of positive affect. We observed analogous reciprocal influences between rumination and the experience of negative affect, within the same time interval. Changes in affective experience over several hours were also directly influenced by concurrent use of these strategies. More specifically, greater positive reappraisal, problem-focused coping and appreciation accelerated the rise in positive affect that follows low feelings of positive affect, and slowed the decline in positive affect that follows high feelings. Rumination had an analogous influence on change in negative affect. The clinical implications of these findings are discussed.


Via Dr James Hawkins
Margarita Tarragona's insight:

Las estrategias de regulación del afecto y las emociones positivas se influyen mutuamente. El reencuadre positivo, el manejo de los problemas y el aprecio aumentan las emociones positivas y éstas a su vez favorecen el uso de estas estrategias. Lo mismo pasa con la rumiación y los afectos negativos: se refuerzan mutuamente.

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Your Strengths are Calling: Preliminary Results of a Web-Based Strengths Intervention to Increase Calling

Your Strengths are Calling: Preliminary Results of a Web-Based Strengths Intervention to Increase Calling | Psicología Positiva,Felicidad y Bienestar. Positive Psychology,Happiness & Well-being | Scoop.it

Cross-sectional research indicated that the application of signature strengths at work seemed to be crucial for perceiving a job as a calling. The present study aimed at testing this assumed causality in a random-assignment, placebo-controlled web-based intervention study. The intervention group (n = 83) was instructed to use their four highest character strengths more often at work for 4 weeks. Meanwhile the control group (n = 69) reflected about four situations (independent from the current workplace) where they excelled. For the evaluation of the effects of the two conditions, participants completed measures on calling and global life satisfaction before (Pretest), directly after the four-week training period (Posttest 1), and 3 (Posttest 2) and 6 months (Posttest 3) later. Calling significantly increased in the intervention group but not in the control group from Pretest to Posttest 1, and remained constant until Posttest 3. Global life satisfaction significantly increased in the intervention group but not in the control group from Pretest to Posttest 2 and from Posttest 1 to Posttest 3. That indicated that the changes on global life satisfaction were less steep than the changes in calling and lagged, but significant long lasting changes were observed likewise. Results supported the assumption that the application of strengths at work impacts calling and life satisfaction. Limitations as well as implications for research and practice are discussed.


Via Dr James Hawkins
Margarita Tarragona's insight:

Aplicar las fortalezas en el trabajo aumenta el sentido de propósito

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Are Most People Happy? Exploring the Meaning of Subjective Well-Being Ratings

Are Most People Happy? Exploring the Meaning of Subjective Well-Being Ratings | Psicología Positiva,Felicidad y Bienestar. Positive Psychology,Happiness & Well-being | Scoop.it

(Available in free full text) The claim that most people are happy and satisfied, assuming that high self-ratings on numerical scales indicate good lives, is cross-checked against extensive verbal reports in a large-scale mixed-methods validation study. For a sample of 500 qualitative interviews conducted in Austria, the usual 10-point-scale self-ratings of life satisfaction and happiness were linked to the content of respondents’ actual narrations. Additionally, the narrated well-being was classified according to an alternative evaluation scheme by external raters. The results show that many persons report substantial restrictions to their hedonic experience in spite of high or even very high ratings, and that the narrated well-being evaluation is much more critical than the self-rating. Therefore it is argued that a naïve interpretation of high self-rating values as top life experience systematically ignores negative aspects of life. The claimed predominance of happiness should be substantially reformulated. In particular, more attention should be drawn to resilient satisfaction in the presence of substantial psychological burden, and to the non-negligible group of highly positive life satisfaction ratings which lack evidence of corresponding hedonic experience in the life narratives.


Via Dr James Hawkins
Margarita Tarragona's insight:

Las "evaluaciones narrativas" sobre el bienestar son más críticas que las respuestas a escalas de auto reporte, sobretodo respecto a los aspectos hedónicos (de disfrute) de la felicidad.

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How optimism may help you live longer

How optimism may help you live longer | Psicología Positiva,Felicidad y Bienestar. Positive Psychology,Happiness & Well-being | Scoop.it
New research suggests people with a positive outlook on life have a lower risk of dying from several major diseases

Via Kasia Hein-Peters
Margarita Tarragona's insight:

Hay evidencia de que el optimismo puede contribuir a la salud física

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