Biodiversité
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Biodiversité
Revue de presse et du net par la Mission valorisation et documentation de l'Agence française pour la biodiversité
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Best practices for making reliable inferences from citizen science data: case study using eBird to estimate species distributions

Citizen science data are valuable for addressing a wide range of ecological research questions, and there has been a rapid increase in the scope and volume of data available. However, data from large-scale citizen science projects typically present a number of challenges that can inhibit robust ecological inferences. These challenges include: species bias, spatial bias, variation in effort, and variation in observer skill. To demonstrate key challenges in analysing citizen science data, we use the example of estimating species distributions with data from eBird, a large semi-structured citizen science project.

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@ali__johnston l'un des auteurs donne également ce lien " Best Practices for Using eBird Data "Matthew Strimas-Mackey, Alison Johnston, Wesley M. Hochachka, Viviana Ruiz-Gutierrez, Orin J. Robinson, Eliot T. Miller, Tom Auer, Steve Kelling, Daniel Fink

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How to take a census of Earth’s biodiversity? One team of researchers has a plan 

How to take a census of Earth’s biodiversity? One team of researchers has a plan  | Biodiversité | Scoop.it
How do you monitor the number and location of Earth’s plants and animals at any given time? It’s a daunting, planet-sized problem, but an international team of researchers has published a proposal …
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L'étude : Essential biodiversity variables for mapping and monitoring species populations Nature Ecology & Evolution (2019https://www.nature.com/articles/s41559-019-0826-1

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Detecting spatiotemporal interactions between species from camera trapping data

A video by RSEC based on the paper 'Assessing analytical methods for detecting spatiotemporal interactions between species from camera trapping data' by Niedballa et al. 2019 Read the full paper here: https://zslpublications.onlinelibrary...

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A voir ! 4 minutes pour comprendre

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What underwater sounds tell us about marine life

What underwater sounds tell us about marine life | Biodiversité | Scoop.it
The water appeared opaque the deeper we travelled. An occasional peach-coloured butterscotch jellyfish would emerge from the depths, the bell breaking the surface to tread water, with its tentacles swirling below. In seconds, it would disappear from sight, as if pulling shut an undulating, bottle green curtain behind it. In comparison to the activity on …
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Identifying priority conservation areas for recovering large carnivores using citizen science data

Understanding the processes related to wildlife recoveries is not only essential in solving human - wildlife conflicts, but also for identifying priority conservation areas and in turn, for effective conservation planning. We used data from a large citizen science program to study the spatial processes related to the demographic and genetic recovery of brown bears in Greece and to identify new areas for their conservation. This was achieved by visually comparing our data with an estimation of the past distribution of brown bears in Greece and by using a Point Process Model to model habitat suitability, and then comparing our results with the current distribution of brown bear records and with that of protected areas.

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Auteurs : Anne-Sophie Bonnet-Lebrun, Alexandros Karamanlidis, Miguel de Gabriel Hernando, Ian Renner, Olivier Gimenez

bioRxiv 454603; doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/454603
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Bretagne: Mission accomplie! Les mystérieux requins désormais suivis à la trace par des scientifiques

Bretagne: Mission accomplie! Les mystérieux requins désormais suivis à la trace par des scientifiques | Biodiversité | Scoop.it
Une association étudiant le mystérieux requin pèlerin a posé quatre balises sur troi
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via  @BretagneActu 5 juil.

 

ils posent deux balises sur un même #requin pèlerin, une première mondiale https://actu.fr/?p=17621985  via @CoteBrest @AssoAPECS

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Mission : Saint-Pierre et Miquelon - IGN

Mission : Saint-Pierre et Miquelon - IGN | Biodiversité | Scoop.it
Du 22 mai au 6 juillet, une équipe de sept agents IGN a parcouru l'archipel de Saint-Pierre et Miquelon et vécu une aventure scientifique et humaine hors du commun. Sa mission : constituer un réseau de points de repères pour l'équipement cartographique du territoire, un préalable indispensable aux travaux d'aménagement.
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Apports de la télédétection au suivi des milieux humides

Apports de la télédétection au suivi des milieux humides | Biodiversité | Scoop.it
Le 22 mars dernier, le Pôle-relais lagunes méditerranéennes et l’équipe de l’Observatoire des Zones Humides Méditerranéennes porté par la Tour du Valat, ont restitué des travaux de recherche en télédétection pour appuyer le suivi des milieux humides.   L’équipe de l’observatoire des zones humides méditerranéennes met à disposition ses présentations du 22 mars portant sur : …
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Where are Europe’s last primary forests ? Diversity and Distributions

Where are Europe’s last primary forests ? Diversity and Distributions | Biodiversité | Scoop.it

Researchers from the Geography Department of Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin (HU) led the creation of the first map of Europe’s last wild forests, including more than 1.4 million hectares in 34 European countries. „It is not that these forests were never touched by man, this would be hard to believe in Europe”, explains Dr. Francesco Maria Sabatini, lead author of the study.

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Lire "L’Europe dénombre ses dernières forêts primaires"

https://www.sciencesetavenir.fr/nature-environnement/plantes-et-vegetaux/la-premiere-cartographie-des-forets-primaires-europeennes-vient-d-etre-publiee_124674

Le blog du chercheur, Francesco Maria Sabatini : https://forestsandco.wordpress.com/

 

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Traquer la biodiversité grâce à l’ADN

Traquer la biodiversité grâce à l’ADN | Biodiversité | Scoop.it
Détecter des espèces discrètes, voire invisibles, c’est aujourd’hui possible, grâce à l’ADN présent dans l’environnement. Une technique qui révolutionne les études naturalistes et les comptages écologiques, dans tous les milieux où la vie se cache.
DocBiodiv's insight:

La lecture complète de cet article est réservé aux abonnés.

Revoyez le communiqué du CNRS du début du mois : "Protection de la mégafaune : la diversité invisible des requins révélée à partir de fragments d'ADN dans l'océan " à propose de l'étude internationale, conduite en Nouvelle-Calédonie : http://www2.cnrs.fr/presse/communique/5587.htm

Voir aussi : https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/1755-0998.12900

 

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Animal Recognition and Identification with Deep Convolutional Neural Networks for Automated Wildlife Monitoring

Efficient and reliable monitoring of wild animals in their natural habitats is essential to inform conservation and management decisions. Automatic covert cameras or "camera traps" are being an increasingly popular tool for wildlife monitoring due to their effectiveness and reliability in collecting data of wildlife unobtrusively, continuously and in large volume. However, processing such a large volume of images and videos captured from camera traps manually is extremely expensive, time-consuming and also monotonous. This presents a major obstacle to scientists and ecologists to monitor wildlife in an open environment. 

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Auteurs : Hung Nguyen  Sarah J. Maclagan  Tu Dinh Nguyen  Thin Nguyen  Paul Flemons  Kylie Andrews  Euan G. Ritchie 

Published in: Data Science and Advanced Analytics (DSAA), 2017 IEEE International Conference 19-21 Oct. 2017 et en ligne en janv 2018
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Modéliser la nature à l’aide de superordinateurs, ça sert à quoi ?

Modéliser la nature à l’aide de superordinateurs, ça sert à quoi ? | Biodiversité | Scoop.it

Contrairement à ce que l’on croit souvent, la recherche en écologie ne consiste pas seulement à observer la nature. Et certains chercheurs étudient des espèces et des écosystèmes virtuels qu’ils ont eux-mêmes créés. C’est ce qu’on appelle « faire de la modélisation ».


Via Hubert MESSMER @Zehub on Twitter, Les Sentinelles du climat
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Scientists' warning to humanity 'most talked about paper' - EurekAlert ! Science News

Scientists' warning to humanity 'most talked about paper' - EurekAlert ! Science News | Biodiversité | Scoop.it
Twenty-five years after the first World Scientists' Warning to Humanity, a new report is continuing to gain momentum and is already one of the most talked about papers globally since Altmetric records began. Three letters in comment, as well as a response companion piece by the Warning authors publish today in the peer-reviewed journal BioScience, highlighting two key areas for action in policy and science.
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D’importants changements vont bouleverser la biodiversité marine

D’importants changements vont bouleverser la biodiversité marine | Biodiversité | Scoop.it
Une équipe internationale de chercheurs est parvenue, grâce à un modèle numérique inédit, à prédire un an à l’avance les effets attendus du dérèglement climatique sur la biodiversité marine.

Les programmes d’observation de la biodiversité marine couvrent aujourd'hui une très faible superficie des océans et prennent le plus souvent place dans des régions proches des côtes. Difficile donc de déterminer l’évolution de cette biodiversité présente dans l'eau qui recouvre 70 % de la surface de notre planète. C’est pourtant ce qu’a réalisé une équipe internationale de chercheurs, menée par des scientifiques du CNRS.

DocBiodiv's insight:

Retour sur l'étude  avec Grégory Beaugrand, directeur de recherche au Laboratoire d’Océanologie et de Géosciences du CNRS 

Pour mémoire : publié le 01 juin 2015 dans Le Monde : "Le réchauffement climatique va bouleverser la biodiversité marine

Une équipe internationale conduite par le CNRS estime qu’au-delà d’un réchauffement de 2 °C, l’adaptation des espèces sera très difficile." https://www.lemonde.fr/biodiversite/article/2015/06/01/le-rechauffement-climatique-va-bouleverser-la-biodiversite-marine_4645108_1652692.html

Et récemment : Marine heatwaves threaten global biodiversity and the provision of ecosystem services

Nature Climate Change (2019) 

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41558-019-0412-1

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Retour sur l'étude  avec Grégory Beaugrand, directeur de recherche au Laboratoire d’Océanologie et de Géosciences du CNRS 

Pour mémoire : publié le 01 juin 2015 dans Le Monde : "Le réchauffement climatique va bouleverser la biodiversité marine

Une équipe internationale conduite par le CNRS estime qu’au-delà d’un réchauffement de 2 °C, l’adaptation des espèces sera très difficile." https://www.lemonde.fr/biodiversite/article/2015/06/01/le-rechauffement-climatique-va-bouleverser-la-biodiversite-marine_4645108_1652692.html

Et récemment : Marine heatwaves threaten global biodiversity and the provision of ecosystem services

Nature Climate Change (2019) 

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41558-019-0412-1

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Connecting data and expertise: a new alliance for biodiversity knowledge

Connecting data and expertise: a new alliance for biodiversity knowledge | Biodiversité | Scoop.it

There has been major progress over the last two decades in digitising historical knowledge of biodiversity and in making biodiversity data freely and openly accessible. Interlocking efforts bring together international partnerships and networks, national, regional and institutional projects and investments and countless individual contributors, spanning diverse biological and environmental research domains, government agencies and non-governmental organisations, citizen science and commercial enterprise.

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A novel method for using ecoacoustics to monitor post‐translocation behaviour in an endangered passerine - Metcalf - Methods in Ecology and Evolution - Wiley Online Library

A novel method for using ecoacoustics to monitor post‐translocation behaviour in an endangered passerine - Metcalf - Methods in Ecology and Evolution - Wiley Online Library | Biodiversité | Scoop.it

 

Conservation translocations are an important tool in wildlife management, but monitoring of translocations has traditionally suffered from a lack of techniques for effective post‐release monitoring. Increasing understanding of post‐release movements is vital in improving the success of translocations, but few methods exist to efficiently monitor highly mobile and cryptic species post‐release.

We present a novel approach to using dynamic occupancy modelling in combination with data derived from autonomous acoustic recording units to monitor the post‐release behaviour of hihi (Notiomystis cincta), a threatened endemic bird, at a translocation site in New Zealand.

 

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Auteurs : Oliver C. Metcalf, John G. Ewen, Mhairi McCready, Emma M. Williams, J. Marcus Rowcliffe First published: 04 February 2019

Lire aussi : How do you assess if a reintroduced species is thriving? Listen for it by Sue Palminteri on 8 February 2019

https://news.mongabay.com/2019/02/how-do-you-assess-if-a-reintroduced-species-is-thriving-listen-for-it/

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Estimating densities of terrestrial wildlife using passive acoustic recordings: A pragmatic approach using paired human observations

The use of passive using acoustic monitoring is a rapidly growing field in terrestrial ecology, particularly in ornithology. Much recent work has focused on using recording technologies for large-scale occupancy monitoring, while local scale studies have focused on acoustic localization for density estimation. Density estimation offers numerous advantages for answering key conservation questions but may seem impractical to employ at national or continental scales using current acoustic localization techniques.

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The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 144, 1849 (2018); https://doi.org/10.1121/1.5068142

Steven Van Wilgenburg

Environment and Climate Change Canada, Canadian Wildlife Service

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Maintenir la biodiversité pour stabiliser le fonctionnement des écosystèmes

Maintenir la biodiversité pour stabiliser le fonctionnement des écosystèmes | Biodiversité | Scoop.it

Pour la première fois à l'échelle mondiale, une équipe internationale impliquant un chercheur Inra du Centre d'études biologiques de Chizé (CNRS/Université de La Rochelle) et des scientifiques argentins et espagnols, montre les effets positifs de la biodiversité végétale sur la stabilité et le fonctionnement des écosystèmes terrestres. Grâce à l'analyse de données satellitaires et des observations sur 123 sites dans le monde, les chercheurs révèlent que l'influence de la biodiversité sur les écosystèmes est tout aussi importante que celle du climat ou du sol. Leurs résultats sont publiés dans la revue [i]PNAS.[/i]

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Centre d'études biologiques de Chizé http://www.cebc.cnrs.fr/

Communiqué INRA http://presse.inra.fr/Communiques-de-presse/biodiversite-stabiliser-le-fonctionnement-des-ecosystemes

Climate mediates the biodiversity-ecosystem stability relationship globally. Pablo García-Palacios, Nicolas Gross, Juan Gaitán et Fernando T. Maestre. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 30 juillet 2018. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1800425115

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A decision tree for assessing the risks and benefits of publishing biodiversity data

A decision tree for assessing the risks and benefits of publishing biodiversity data | Biodiversité | Scoop.it
Information on species abundances and distributions is essential for developing conservation policy and assessing change. Yet publically available data increases exploitation potential. This Perspective presents a decision framework to assess the risks and benefits of publically sharing biodiversity data.
DocBiodiv's insight:

Nature Ecology & Evolutionvolume 2, pages1209–1217 (2018)

Lire aussi l'édito : Open data offer risks and rewards for conservation

Scientists have a new tool to help them judge how widely wildlife data should be shared. https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-05800-y
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Spatial variation in determinants of agricultural land abandonment in Europe - ScienceDirect

Spatial variation in determinants of agricultural land abandonment in Europe - ScienceDirect | Biodiversité | Scoop.it
Agricultural abandonment is widespread and growing in many regions worldwide, often because of agricultural intensification on productive lands, conservation policies, or the spatial decoupling of agricultural production from consumption. Abandonment has major environmental and social impacts, which differ starkly depending on the geographical context, as does its potential to serve as a land reservoir for recultivation.
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Science of The Total Environment

Volume 644, 10 December 2018, Pages 95-111
via l'un des auteurs  Christian Levers‏ @lvrs83
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Ecological Modelling - ScienceDirect

Ecological Modelling - ScienceDirect | Biodiversité | Scoop.it

Parmi les articles :

 - Species extinctions strengthen the relationship between biodiversity and resource use efficiency

Original research article

Pages 75-86

Evangelia Smeti, Daniel L. Roelke, George Tsirtsis, Sofie Spatharis
- Process-based vs. ad-hoc methods to estimate mortality using carcass surveys data: A review and a note about evidence complacency
Original research article Pages 111-118
Guillaume Péron
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Nouvel article - Participatory mapping: Exploring landscape values associated with an iconic species

Nouvel article - Participatory mapping: Exploring landscape values associated with an iconic species | Biodiversité | Scoop.it

Cet article a été publié dans la revue Applied Geography en juin 2018. Il concerne un projet de cartographie participative des valeurs socio-culturelles, en prenant exemple sur le cas du Flamant rose en Camargue.

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Référence bibliographique : Ernoul L., Wardell-Johnson A., Willm L., Béchet A., Boutron O., Mathevet R., Arnassant S., Sandoz A. 2018. Participatory mapping: Exploring landscape values associated with an iconic species. Applied Geography 95:71–78. doi: 10.1016/j.apgeog.2018.04.013

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Trade travel for tweets to prevent pollution and boost equity - UQ News - The University of Queensland, Australia

Trade travel for tweets to prevent pollution and boost equity - UQ News - The University of Queensland, Australia | Biodiversité | Scoop.it

University of Queensland environmental scientists are trading travel for tweets in an effort to cut down on greenhouse gas emissions and improve accessibility leading talks in a new conference.

The Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Environmental Decisions (CEED) are holding an online-only environmental science conference hosted on Twitter on 22 May, where a dozen UQ researchers will present.

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Moment : 

“What happened at the #CEEDTC2018 Twitter Conference?” https://twitter.com/i/moments/998793807457017856

La démarche des scientifiques de l'université du Queensland en Australie qui a choisi le modèle de la conférence sur Twitter.

 

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La démarche des scientifiques de l'université du Queensland en Australie qui a choisi le modèle de la conférence sur Twitter.

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Conservation technology: The next generation - Berger‐Tal - Conservation Letters - Wiley Online Library

Attitudes among conservation biologists towards technological innovations and solutions have changed over the years from mistrusting and dismissive to widely accepting. However, the time has come for the conservation community to move from being technology consumers to become innovation leaders and to actively seek to create novel technologies to provide conservation tools and solutions.

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Freshwater ecoacoustics as a tool for continuous ecosystem monitoring - Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment

Passive acoustic monitoring is gaining popularity in ecology as a practical and non‐invasive approach to surveying ecosystems. This technique is increasingly being used to monitor terrestrial systems, particularly bird populations, given that it can help to track temporal dynamics of populations and ecosystem health without the need for expensive resampling.
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Simon Linke Toby Gifford Camille Desjonquères Diego Tonolla Thierry Aubin Leah Barclay Chris Karaconstantis Mark J Kennard Fanny Rybak Jérôme Sueur First published: 15 March 2018 https://doi.org/10.1002/fee.1779
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