Episurveillance
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Episurveillance
21st century Epidemiological Surveillance. New maps, new formulas, new techniques.
Curated by Brian Altonen
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Evidence-Based Approach to Decision Making: The Inclusion of GIS as Part of Ghana's Health Information Systems

Evidence-Based Approach to Decision Making: The Inclusion of GIS as Part of Ghana's Health Information Systems | Episurveillance | Scoop.it
Brian Altonens insight:

GIS serves as one of the most important surveillance tools for evidence-based medicine.  Due to bureaucracy, and perhaps even stubbornness on behalf of the agencies and businesses that need to adapt to this new technology in the U.S., managed care programs outside the US are willing and able to quickly adapt to this new technology for quality of care management and effective epidemiological surveillance.   The maps above demonstrate a number of effective NPHG episurveillance programs that were developed for use in monitoring African and African-American diseases in this country, and focusing on the health care needs of African-American people.

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Without sharing, big data is nothing | Healthcare IT News

Without sharing, big data is nothing | Healthcare IT News | Episurveillance | Scoop.it
Brian Altonens insight:

GIS. HIT, and Managed Care.  The delays now being experienced within the Big Data world are really just delays in meeting our final obligations and taking responsibility for our actions as health care providers.  Improved quality of care with meaningful use is the direct result of this change, far better than unnecessary costs, reduced star ratings and poor population health results.  

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IBM uses Big Data to predict outbreaks of Dengue fever and Malaria

IBM uses Big Data to predict outbreaks of Dengue fever and Malaria | Episurveillance | Scoop.it

IBM has teamed up with university researchers to use big data and analytics to predict the outbreak of deadly diseases such as Dengue fever and Malaria.

The research is aimed at understanding the spread of diseases in real-time in order to better deploy public health resources to combat the spread of infectious diseases


But rather than just predicting the spread of a disease, the researchers are applying analytics from large data sets to see how changes in rainfall, temperature, and even soil acidity can dramatically affect the populations of wild animals and insects that carry the infectious diseases. They’re also merging that information with other data, like airport and highway traffic, to further understand outbreaks.


Via nrip
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Technical Report. Migrant Health . . . infectious diseases in the EU

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Frequently Requested Statistics on Immigrants and Immigration in the United States

Frequently Requested Statistics on Immigrants and Immigration in the United States | Episurveillance | Scoop.it
Interested in information on annual naturalization trends, illegal
immigration, the geographical distribution of immigrants in the United
States, current and historical shares, and a host of other topics?
Hope Schuster's comment, April 9, 2014 8:13 PM
This article talked about the different statistics of immigrants in the United States. It has various information about certain groups of immigrants. This relates to government in the way that many people wonder who the government allows to immigrate here
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Beyond Anthrax

Beyond Anthrax | Episurveillance | Scoop.it
Biological warfare has, unfortunately, in the post 9/11 world become a significant topic of discussion in both the medical and lay presses.
Brian Altonens insight:

Read on bioterrorism

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Archives - Advances in Disease Surveillance

Advances in Disease Surveillance is the official journal of the International Society for Disease Surveillance.
Brian Altonens insight:

Good reads in the field of episurveillance

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CDC Global Health - DPHSWD - Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR)

CDC Global Health - DPHSWD - Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) | Episurveillance | Scoop.it
CDC works 24/7 to save lives, reduce disease, and improve health around the world.
Brian Altonens insight:

More episurveillance.

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Home | Immigrant and Refugee Health | CDC

Home | Immigrant and Refugee Health | CDC | Episurveillance | Scoop.it
This page explains evaluating and updating immunizations during the domestic medical examination for newly arrived refugees.
Brian Altonens insight:

Monitoring disease movement and flow is essential to global health safety.  Homeland security concerns include concerns about issues like the influx of the next ebola or hemorrhagic fever case.   Surveillance for these changes is an important technology that we are fully capable of engagin in but haven;t quite mastered yet.   Two major reasons for more aggressively implementing this technology deal with outbreaks prevention and improving the quality of population health in this country, even if it means providing better health care options for refugees at a considerable cost in order to prevent costly outbreaks.   

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IBIS - Used by Professionals for 20 years. Now it’s Free!

IBIS - Used by Professionals for 20 years. Now it’s Free! | Episurveillance | Scoop.it
The first and most comprehensive medical reference tool for natural medicine and integrative healthcare.
Brian Altonens insight:

IBIS/TM.  Herbal Medicines, like any therapeutic substance taken internally, have the potential for complications and chemical toxicities. This is a software tool developed that uses my 1982 TOXIDROM diagnostics database. TOXIDROM was developed in DataStar (pre-Infostar) with SBasic on a 1982 Sanyo MBC 550, 4 kb ROM, two 5.25 in. floppy ports, ssds, 30-45kb each. This TOXIDROM db has 305 phytotoxicity/phytochemical groups, updated several times since to include prescription drug interactions, phototoxicity, pregnancy warnings, drug/food interaction, and individual hypersensitivity precautions.  Lifetime license granted to AMR'TA (Dr. M.B. Stargrove) for use of TOXIDROM in IBIS beginning in 1990.

Brian Altonen's curator insight, January 2, 2015 9:08 AM

 A couple of times I've mentioned this in my ScoopIt!.  In 1982, on a 4kb hard drive, I wrote my first diagnostic database using Datastar.  It focused on street drugs, household goods and garden plant/herbal medicine toxicology.  I called this database "TOXIDROM", and designed it based on the teachings of the Long Island PCC at the time.  I was enrolled in the medical school MD program at SUNY Stony Brook at the time.   

 

This database then went silent in my life for a while, but the knowledge of its existence took on a life of its own.  PCC workers preferred the very expensive microfiche set then in use of toxicology due to its reputation.  As the herbal medicine OTC industry grew, so did the desire for my database, which I had produced on a CPM/SYS system.     

 

In 1989/90, I was asked to upgrade it to a DOS version, which I did, and it as incorporated into this national complementary alternative medicine database designed for clinicians.  I rewrote Toxidrom/TM to incorporate some nutritional supplements, focus as well upon complications due to reaction with other prescription drugs, renotoxicity and hepatotoxicity, toxicity to patients planning to have a child, phototoxicity and hyperphotosensitivity due to build up of chemicals in certain body tissues, effects upon patients with certain chronic diseases, immunoreactions, and ophthalmo/retinotoxicity.  It was in the national marketplace by February 1991, and upgraded ever since to work on systems that used 286, Windows 3.1 (Mac and IBM), Win95 and then 97, pentium, etc., from 1991 to present.     

 

I consider this my first example of an innovation.  After a few more sales of this database to several other owners over the decades, it finally came back to its original designer and owner(s).    

 

It is now accessible for free via the internet, and is still considered the first and foremost database on herbal medicine/OTC Nutritional Supplements side effects, toxicology and contraindications.

 

 

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Addressing Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care | Agency for Healthcare Research & Quality (AHRQ)

Addressing Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care | Agency for Healthcare Research & Quality (AHRQ) | Episurveillance | Scoop.it
The overall health of the American population has improved over the past few decades, but all Americans have not shared equally in these improvements.
Brian Altonens insight:

One of the most aggressive plans for dealing with social disparities in health involves the work of AHRQ.  The health care systems in general are sensitized to differences in race and health status, but still have to make progress with diagnoses and conditions considered to be very much culturally-linked or bound, like the ways different cultures interpret certain diseases or how specific behavioral patterns may be linked to crises or experiences in like the death of a spouse or one's social and behavioral adaptations.

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Russians in Minnesota - health care issues | Culture Care Connection

Russians in Minnesota - health care issues | Culture Care Connection | Episurveillance | Scoop.it
Social structure, diet, religion, end-of-life issues are covered in this profile of health and medical care issues experienced by Russians in Minnesota.
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The Global Infectious Disease Threat and Its Implications for the United States

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BioWatch and Public Health Surveillance

BioWatch and Public Health Surveillance | Episurveillance | Scoop.it
Following the attacks of September 11, 2001 and the anthrax letters, the ability to detect biological threats as quickly as possible became a top priority.
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National Electronic Disease Surveillance System (NEDSS) | EHRintelligence.com

National Electronic Disease Surveillance System (NEDSS) | EHRintelligence.com | Episurveillance | Scoop.it
Brian Altonens insight:

Electronic Health Records (EHR) and Electronic Medical Records (EMR) are a necessity for the future of improving future quality of life.  Both personal and public health options depend upon adequate systems in place.  Whenever a business or industry fails to commit to EMR, EHR and HIT requirements with health care, it is essentially telling us that it is not concerned at all about our health, which is the reason we often are clients or consumers of these companies in the first place.  This symbolizes the irony that exists today within the health care industry settings.  We pay them for their services, not our desires to achieve great health.

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Emerging Disease Issues - Disease Surveillance

Emerging Disease Issues - Disease Surveillance
Brian Altonens insight:

Emerging diseases are one of the serious concerns epidemiologists have about disease migration.  Lyme disease is probably a recent example of this from around the 1980s, as well as the more recent west nile virus.  More than 200 diseases of public health concern are frequently noted on lists of these diagnoses.  Adequate surveillance systems require sufficient GIS in place, which for the most part have already been developed by a variety of research groups. IDSR is an example of such a program, this Michigan program another.

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NNDSS | National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance Systems

NNDSS | National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance Systems | Episurveillance | Scoop.it
DNDHI provides services that promote and facilitate surveillance systems standards and interoperability of design, operation, and evaluation to improve public health.
Brian Altonens insight:

One of the national monitoring systems in place for disease in-migration and surveillance.

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HEALTH - UNNATURAL CAUSES . Hour 3 | PBS - "Bad Sugar"

HEALTH - UNNATURAL CAUSES . Hour 3 | PBS - "Bad Sugar" | Episurveillance | Scoop.it

Hour 3 is made up of two segments. “Bad Sugar” explores the causes and effects of diabetes within two Native American communities. “Place Matters” connects the dots between health, wealth and zip codes.

 


Via Sarah LittleRedfeather Kalmanson
Brian Altonens insight:

"Place Matters" due to culture, living environments, occupation types and even recreational, ecologic settings.  New methods are being tested for coverting zip code and census block data to powerful suveillance tools for population health monitoring.  Culture plays an important role in health and until recently has been avoided or ignored in the most traditional research programs, with the exception of numerous special studies such as the Native American-Diabetes/Urban Asthma, and African American-Diabetes/Heart disease programs. Health insurance and healthcare industry administrators, care providers and data/HIT specialists now have a lot of catching up to do.

Sarah LittleRedfeather Kalmanson's curator insight, September 21, 2013 12:22 PM

Hour 3 is made up of two segments. “Bad Sugar” explores the causes and effects of diabetes within two Native American communities. “Place Matters” connects the dots between health, wealth and zip codes.