CIHEAM Press Review
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Events in Euro-Mediterranean Agriculture, Food, Fisheries and Environment
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EGYPT: Water, Policy, and Productivity in Agriculture 

EGYPT: Water, Policy, and Productivity in Agriculture  | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it
When water scarcity restricts agricultural production, expanding water resources is only one option to increase or maintain output; investments in research to raise productivity can also release constraints on growth. In this paper, we construct a model of optimal resource allocation with both public and private inputs in production—the public sector invests in research and irrigation infrastructure to supply technology and water, respectively, whereas the private sector supplies other inputs.
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Portugal: Algarve dams only have enough water to last until the end of this year

Portugal: Algarve dams only have enough water to last until the end of this year | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

The Algarve’s dams only have enough water available to last until the end of the year, if there is no significant rainfall over the next few months, the Permanent Drought Monitoring Commission revealed in its most recent report.
According to the group, “it can be said that, at the end of June 2020, the situation in terms of availability of surface water in the water sources of the Algarve Multi-municipal Water Supply and Sanitation System (SMAASA), associated with management measures and strategies implemented, allow only to ensure the estimated consumption for the rest of the calendar year of 2020.

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Arab states face water emergency, urgent action needed: UN

Arab states face water emergency, urgent action needed: UN | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it
UN Food and Agriculture Organisation tells Cairo conference per capita water resources set to fall by 50 percent by 2050
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Water scarcity affecting 40% of world's population, UN boss says

Water scarcity affecting 40% of world's population, UN boss says | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

United Nations secretary-general Antonio Guterres has said 40% of the world's population faces water scarcity. The UN chief, speaking on World Water Day, told diplomats and activists at Thursday's launch of the International Decade for Action on Water for Sustainable Development that "water is a matter of life and death", stressing that humans, cities, industries and agriculture depend on it.

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The Dead River? How the waters of the Jordan run foul

The Dead River? How the waters of the Jordan run foul | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

As Syria’s farmers once again cultivate their lands, so the taps for irrigating crops are turned back on. But not everyone is happy.
For Jordan, Syria’s neighbour to the south, what is a dire water shortage problem could, with the end of the war, suddenly become worse.
The River Jordan, which rises on the slopes of Mt Hermon on the Syria-Lebanon border and flows 250km to end its journey emptying into the Dead Sea, is a vital source of water for the country which is named after it.
The trouble is that Syria – along with Israel and Jordan itself – has been taking vast amounts of water out of the river over the years.

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Crop trade depletes global groundwater - News - Nature Middle East

The import and export of crops drawing on groundwater is threatening food and water security in the Middle East and elsewhere.
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TURKEY: cities face drought as lack of rain hits water levels in dams

TURKEY: cities face drought as lack of rain hits water levels in dams | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it
Concerns running high as rainfall drops to five-year lows in western and central parts of the country

Mayors of the largest cities in Turkey are concerned by the lack of rainfall since the summer, which has led to very low water levels in dams and raised concerns that drinking water will become scarce and agriculture impacted.

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Jordan: The people creating an oasis with seawater

Jordan: The people creating an oasis with seawater | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

hile the coronavirus pandemic has highlighted the weakness of supply chains, for many people the fragility of our food networks is nothing new. Rising populations in water-stressed areas of the world increase the demand for food in the places it is hardest to grow, and the climate crisis is only making matters worse. The lack of freshwater is a serious threat to the survival of many people worldwide and drought caused by climate change compounds the issue.

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Malta warned of low groundwater levels

Malta warned of low groundwater levels | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it
Malta continues to have “significant problems” with its groundwater levels, according to the EU’s environmental watchdog.
The European Environment Agency’s European Waters report for 2018 says that Malta is among the three southern member states, the others being Cyprus and Spain, wher
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Drought Likely to Continue in Parts of Spain

Drought Likely to Continue in Parts of Spain | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

While the north of Spain and Portugal are in for an unusually wet spring, the threat of drought remains in Spanish olive country.
“The warm and dry weather will come at a cost as the threat for drought conditions will grow in eastern Spain,” AccuWeather senior meteorologist Alan Reppert said.
“Prolonged dry spells during spring may cause problems for agriculture due to a lack of soil moisture in areas that typically see very infrequent rainfall during the summer.”

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How climate change might affect the Nile

How climate change might affect the Nile | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan will have to learn to share water, or their people will suffer. By 2050 around a billion people will live in the countries through which the Nile and its tributaries flow. That alone will put enormous stress on the water supply. 

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How to scale-up greywater reuse in Jordan and Egypt

How to scale-up greywater reuse in Jordan and Egypt | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it
Much time, money and energy has been put into trialing greywater treatment technology in Jordan, but success rates are low. What can be learned from the work that has already been done to spread the use of the technology, both in Jordan and in Egypt?
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