CIHEAM Press Review
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Events in Euro-Mediterranean Agriculture, Food, Fisheries and Environment
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FOOD: Almost 1 Billion Tons of Food Is Wasted Each Year, U.N. Report Finds

FOOD: Almost 1 Billion Tons of Food Is Wasted Each Year, U.N. Report Finds | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

report published by the United Nations estimates that 17 percent of the food produced globally – around 930 million tons – is thrown away each year

The quantity of food wasted is enough to load 23 million 40-ton trucks, equal to seven times the Earth’s perimeter when lined-up.

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The Fair Value of Bread: TUNISIA, 28 December 1983–6 January 1984

The Fair Value of Bread: TUNISIA, 28 December 1983–6 January 1984 | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

The “Bread Riots” that broke out in Tunisia on 28 December 1983 lasted barely ten days. Yet, they cost the lives of over one hundred people. The revolt studied here centred on two popular neighbourhoods of Tunis in the wake of massive, World Bank-sponsored development plans. This article seeks to understand how the inhabitants in these quarters reacted to the establishment of a new welfare state that was more concerned with fighting poverty – or fighting the poor – than with equalizing conditions or offering the same opportunities for everyone. Based on this case study, I argue that the great Bread Revolt of 1983–1984 marked a break with past practices of state reform and popular protest and suggest that International Monetary Fund and World Bank prescriptions and state implementations reconfigured the political and social landscape of independent Tunisia.

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MIDDLE EAST: Food Security During the Covid-19 Pandemic: From Bad to Worse

MIDDLE EAST: Food Security During the Covid-19 Pandemic: From Bad to Worse | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

Many Middle Eastern countries were experiencing heightened levels of food insecurity even before the Covid-19 pandemic. Economic shocks related to regional and global lockdown measures, and conflict in some parts of the region have further reduced food security. It is expected that the regional food security situation will remain precarious for the foreseeable future.

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SYRIA: Food insecurity reaches record levels

SYRIA: Food insecurity reaches record levels | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it
The number of Syrians who lack access to sufficient food has reached a record 12.4 million, or nearly 60 per cent of the population, the World Food Programme (WFP) reported on Wednesday, citing “alarming” new national data.  Economic crisis, job losses stemming from the COVID-19 pandemic, and soaring food prices have added to the plight […]
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LEBANON's domestic agricultural production is faltering

LEBANON's domestic agricultural production is faltering | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

SULTAN YAQOUB, Western Bekaa — In a shed on Najib Fares’ farm in the Western Bekaa, next to a broken-down tractor, sacks of unsold wheat from June’s harvest are piled up on pallets, a visible reminder of the collapse of some of the key systems set up to support local farmers and maintain the country’s food security.

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MALTA: Agricultural land 'being killed off' to highest bidder

MALTA: Agricultural land 'being killed off' to highest bidder | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

Farmers are calling on the government to enforce a capping on prices of agricultural land, as budding growers are finding it impossible to acquire their own fields to till.
With one tumolo of land going for at least €40,000, and an average of 12 tumoli needed to start a full-time agribusiness, young farmers are expected to fork out half a million euros in land, over and above their investment in cultivation machinery and tools.

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EUROPE: Can low-income households afford a healthy diet? 

EUROPE: Can low-income households afford a healthy diet?  | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it
In Europe, food insecurity is still a serious concern for individual and public health. Although progress has been made in reducing undernourishment, other types of malnutrition such as obesity and overweight are on the rise. Policies that aim at improving healthy eating and addressing food insecurity tend to focus on food aid, nutritional education and financial incentives. These policies are generally not targeted at the problem of insufficient income as a key barrier to access a healthy diet.
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EUROPE, AFRICA: Food security | A future international research consortium to boost the impact of projects

EUROPE, AFRICA: Food security | A future international research consortium to boost the impact of projects | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

There are fields, such as food security, where there is strength in numbers. This is the reasoning behind a new international research consortium (IRC) currently being built, in line with the EU-Africa roadmap for food and nutrition security and sustainable agriculture (FNSSA). The consortium was initiated by the H2020 project LEAP4FNSSA (2018-2022), and will enable its members to coordinate their operations and generate greater impact on both continents, notably backed by an entirely new knowledge management system.

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EGYPT: The Invisible Transformations of the Food Subsidy System

EGYPT: The Invisible Transformations of the Food Subsidy System | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

In 2014, the Egyptian government launched a major reform of the ration card system (RCS) through which citizens access food subsidies, shifting from in-kind to cash transfers. Prior to 2014, beneficiaries could buy a set quota of three basic commodities—rice, sugar, and cooking oil—at a very low price (LE10 for about 5.5 kg of food per person). In contrast, the new RCS provides beneficiaries with smart cards credited with a monthly cash allotment of LE50 per person to purchase commodities from ration shops. In addition, the list of available commodities was diversified to include about 30 different goods, among them meat and cheese, but also soap or washing powder. In essence, the RCS’s new design aims at gradually reducing the share of food subsidies in state expenditures.

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IOC - Tomorrow tastes Mediterranean

IOC - Tomorrow tastes Mediterranean | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

Changing  what we grow, cook, and eat is more imperative than ever if we want to have a chance to save the planet from the effects of climate change. Thankfully, we need to look no further than to the health, sustainability, and flavor principles of the Mediterranean Diet to adopt a road map to a better future.

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Big payoff if nature 'restored' in the right places

Big payoff if nature 'restored' in the right places | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

Reverting agricultural land to a wild state in a world still plagued by hunger and anticipating another two billion mouths to feed also raises the spectre of food shortages.

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Lebanon: 'Money is worth nothing now': how Lebanon is finding a future in farming 

Lebanon: 'Money is worth nothing now': how Lebanon is finding a future in farming  | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

With food in short supply and prices rocketing, a wave of new farmers are growing produce on roofs, balconies and beyond.

Long before the Covid-19 pandemic and the devastating explosion in Beirut on 4 August, Lebanon was already deep in economic crisis. For many, farming is emerging as a solution.

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Jordan: The people creating an oasis with seawater

Jordan: The people creating an oasis with seawater | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

hile the coronavirus pandemic has highlighted the weakness of supply chains, for many people the fragility of our food networks is nothing new. Rising populations in water-stressed areas of the world increase the demand for food in the places it is hardest to grow, and the climate crisis is only making matters worse. The lack of freshwater is a serious threat to the survival of many people worldwide and drought caused by climate change compounds the issue.

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FOOD: Turning food waste into three million meals

FOOD: Turning food waste into three million meals | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

Small beginnings can lay the foundation of great success. This holds true for SA Harvest, a food rescue and distribution organisation. Ali Conn, regional manager at SA Harvest, spoke to Jeandré van der Walt about the organisation’s journey over the past year and its future plans.

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Three Mediterranean countries will need external food aid in 2021

Three Mediterranean countries will need external food aid in 2021 | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

MEDITERRANEAN. The Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) lists forty-five countries that will need external food aid in 2021. Three of them are in the Mediterranean. 

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CIHEAM: International Women Day 2021

CIHEAM: International Women Day 2021 | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it
The CIHEAM is a partner of the UfM webinar for International Women's Day 2021 by co-organizing a session dedicated to food security and women in agriculture #IWD2021
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Covid-19 and FOOD SECURITY: can emerging economies mitigate rising prices?

Covid-19 and FOOD SECURITY: can emerging economies mitigate rising prices? | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it
An increase in food prices following the coronavirus pandemic has intensified concerns related to global food security. For emerging markets, this has further underlined the importance of regional cooperation and innovative solutions to help overcome the challenges.
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MALTA : Supermarket chains urged to work with farmers for better food security

MALTA : Supermarket chains urged to work with farmers for better food security | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

An agricultural lobby group has urged supermarket chains to collaborate more closely with farmers to help the country achieve better food security.
The appeal was made by Malcolm Borg, coordinator of the farmers’ association Għaqda Bdiewa Attivi, in reaction to the news that the country could have faced a serious food shortage in April had the port of Genoa shut down after workers threatened to strike.

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WORLD: Covid crisis is fuelling food price rises for world's poorest

WORLD: Covid crisis is fuelling food price rises for world's poorest | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

Over the last year, Covid-19 has undone the economic, health and food security of millions, pushing as many as 150 million people into extreme poverty. While the health and economic impacts of the pandemic have been devastating, the rise in hunger has been one of its most tangible symptoms.

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TUNISIA: People are hungry’: why youth are taking to the streets 

TUNISIA: People are hungry’: why youth are taking to the streets  | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

Ettadhamen, a marginalised district on the outskirts of Tunis, wears unrest well. Over the weekend and into this week, violent protests have dominated life in this overlooked and restive place.
The district is not unique. Over the past few days, protests have erupted in working-class neighbourhoods in at least 15 locations across Tunisia, in response to declining living conditions, poverty and endemic unemployment, especially among the country’s young people.

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LEBANON: Food Insecurity and the Path Toward Agricultural Reform 

LEBANON: Food Insecurity and the Path Toward Agricultural Reform  | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

One hundred years after its creation, Lebanon is invited to rethink its economic model in the context of a profound internal crisis and regional turmoil. The collapse of its financial and banking sectors, paired with the domination of a corrupt and incompetent political elite, has led the country to the verge of becoming a failed state in which people cannot access food and basic services. Within this overall environment, rethinking agriculture is a key element in building a sustainable economic model that reduces geographical inequalities and ensures food security.

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SYRIA: Food Security in Decline as Wheat Shortages Loom

SYRIA: Food Security in Decline as Wheat Shortages Loom | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

Syria’s food security issues seem set to continue this year, as the government warns that the country will need to import up to 200,000 tonnes of wheat each month to make up for domestic shortfalls. According to Mohammad Samer al-Khalil, the Minister of Economy and Foreign Trade, the imports are likely to cost around US$400 million ($565 million). Syria’s economy has weakened in recent months, following the economic crisis in neighbouring Lebanon. The crisis has had serious economic consequences for Damascus, which was already struggling after years of civil war. Concerns over government procurement of wheat also grew earlier this year when Kurdish wheat growers increased purchasing prices, directly competing with the government in Damascus.

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FAO - CIHEAM Partnership - Advancing sustainable rural development in the Mediterranean

FAO - CIHEAM Partnership - Advancing sustainable rural development in the Mediterranean | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

FAO-CIHEAM Partnership – Advancing sustainable rural development in the Mediterranean

For almost four decades, the partnership between the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the International Centre for Advanced Mediterranean Agronomic Studies (CIHEAM) has generated advanced knowledge and expertise in support of achieving food security, sustainable agriculture and rural development in the Mediterranean. Driven by these shared goals, FAO and CIHEAM have jointly contributed to policy dialogue, the implementation of programmes and projects, awareness raising and the capacity development of different actors in the region. 

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UN International Rural Women's Day - 15 October

UN International Rural Women's Day - 15 October | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

Celebrated on the 15 October, the International Day of Rural Women recognizes the critical role and contribution of rural women, including indigenous women, in enhancing agricultural and rural development, improving food security, and eradicating rural poverty.

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Egypt: “Beyond COVID-19: Strengthening Climate Resilience in Egypt’s Agricultural Sector”

Egypt: “Beyond COVID-19: Strengthening Climate Resilience in Egypt’s Agricultural Sector” | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

The COVID-19 pandemic is a powerful reminder of the importance of a resilient agricultural sector for food security and livelihoods. In fact, the agri-food system has been critical in many countries to cushion the negative impacts of the current crisis on economic growth, jobs and household incomes, including in Egypt. However, the changing climate is posing a significant threat to the future of agriculture in Egypt and solutions as to how to make the agricultural sector climate resilient are urgently needed.

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