CIHEAM Press Review
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Events in Euro-Mediterranean Agriculture, Food, Fisheries and Environment
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TURKISH Farming Faces Devastating Decline

TURKISH Farming Faces Devastating Decline | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it
Turkey is rich in fertile land, water and skilled farmers. But its agricultural industry is in sharp decline, blamed by critics on failing government policies, spiralling costs and meagre state support.
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The Fair Value of Bread: TUNISIA, 28 December 1983–6 January 1984

The Fair Value of Bread: TUNISIA, 28 December 1983–6 January 1984 | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

The “Bread Riots” that broke out in Tunisia on 28 December 1983 lasted barely ten days. Yet, they cost the lives of over one hundred people. The revolt studied here centred on two popular neighbourhoods of Tunis in the wake of massive, World Bank-sponsored development plans. This article seeks to understand how the inhabitants in these quarters reacted to the establishment of a new welfare state that was more concerned with fighting poverty – or fighting the poor – than with equalizing conditions or offering the same opportunities for everyone. Based on this case study, I argue that the great Bread Revolt of 1983–1984 marked a break with past practices of state reform and popular protest and suggest that International Monetary Fund and World Bank prescriptions and state implementations reconfigured the political and social landscape of independent Tunisia.

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LEBANON: Hardships Shift Focus to Exports

LEBANON: Hardships Shift Focus to Exports | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

A devaluing local currency coupled with the scarcity of hard currencies has made production more expensive. Producers are turning to exports as a solution.

Lebanese olive oil pro­duc­tion is expected to reach 26,000 tons in the 2020/21 crop year, accord­ing to the lat­est data from the International Olive Council.
While this fig­ure is not too much higher than the rolling five-year aver­age (23,500 tons), a shift is begin­ning to take place in the sec­tor.

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SYRIA: Food insecurity reaches record levels

SYRIA: Food insecurity reaches record levels | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it
The number of Syrians who lack access to sufficient food has reached a record 12.4 million, or nearly 60 per cent of the population, the World Food Programme (WFP) reported on Wednesday, citing “alarming” new national data.  Economic crisis, job losses stemming from the COVID-19 pandemic, and soaring food prices have added to the plight […]
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TURKEY: Youth unemployment reaches alarming level

TURKEY: Youth unemployment reaches alarming level | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it
ANKARA — Twenty-five-year-old Fatih, a graduate of economics from Istanbul’s Marmara University, remains jobless despite his degree from the respected college and several internships at corporate businesses during his studies. Like hundreds of thousands of other university graduates in Turkey, he is grappling with an uncertain future in a country mired in economic turmoil, which the COVID-19 pandemic has only worsened.

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The reason we’re running out of farmers

The reason we’re running out of farmers | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it
Gender inequality and few opportunities for migrant workers mean that farmers are starting to look alike: old. These groups have ideas for how to reverse that.
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SPAIN: Andalusian Festival Inaugurates Virtual Event

SPAIN: Andalusian Festival Inaugurates Virtual Event | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

Forty kilo­me­ters north of Málaga, in the heart of Andalusia’s Axorquia region, the tiny vil­lage of Riogordo will cel­e­brate its annual olive oil cul­ture fes­ti­val despite cur­rent COVID-19 con­tain­ment mea­sures.
This year, La Molienda de Riogordo will also inau­gu­rate an online com­pan­ion event, which will take place a few days before the fes­ti­val and is ded­i­cated to the many English-speak­ing res­i­dents of the region.

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SPAIN: Domestic Olive Oil Market Improves

SPAIN: Domestic Olive Oil Market Improves | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

The 2020/21 crop year con­tin­ues to move in the right direc­tion in Spain, with olive oil sales in October and November increas­ing by 1.8 per­cent com­pared with the same period in the pre­vi­ous year.
According to the lat­est data released by the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, a total of 293,900 tons of olive oil were sold in the first two months of the cur­rent crop year.

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SYRIA: Food Security in Decline as Wheat Shortages Loom

SYRIA: Food Security in Decline as Wheat Shortages Loom | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

Syria’s food security issues seem set to continue this year, as the government warns that the country will need to import up to 200,000 tonnes of wheat each month to make up for domestic shortfalls. According to Mohammad Samer al-Khalil, the Minister of Economy and Foreign Trade, the imports are likely to cost around US$400 million ($565 million). Syria’s economy has weakened in recent months, following the economic crisis in neighbouring Lebanon. The crisis has had serious economic consequences for Damascus, which was already struggling after years of civil war. Concerns over government procurement of wheat also grew earlier this year when Kurdish wheat growers increased purchasing prices, directly competing with the government in Damascus.

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Climate and COVID Worry Farmers Preparing for Harvest

Climate and COVID Worry Farmers Preparing for Harvest | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

An Olive Oil Times survey reveals a season of growing uncertainties and challenges for olive oil producers.

It is an indus­try known for its hard­ships. But even the resilient olive tree and the stal­wart farm­ers used to the ever-chang­ing cir­cum­stances of nature are bend­ing under the stresses of the 2020 har­vest now under­way in the Northern Hemisphere.

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Europe: Slight increase in EU27 agri-food trade despite Coronavirus and Brexit challenges

Europe: Slight increase in EU27 agri-food trade despite Coronavirus and Brexit challenges | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it
The latest monthly agri-food trade report shows that between January and May 2020, the total value of EU-27 agri-food exports rose by 2% compared to the same period in 2019, reaching €75.8 billion, while the value of imports increased to €52.7bn (a rise of nearly 1%). However the monthly values of EU-27 exports and imports […]
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The role of farmers during the COVID-19 crisis

The role of farmers during the COVID-19 crisis | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it
The COVID-19 pandemic had brought new appreciation for the pivotal role that South Africa’s agriculture sector plays in the provision of healthy, sufficient and affordable food, according to Derek Mathews, chairperson of Grain SA.
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Mounting Concerns in Greece as Harvest Nears

Mounting Concerns in Greece as Harvest Nears | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

The per­sis­tent novel coro­n­avirus has cast its shadow on the upcom­ing har­vest­ing sea­son in Greece, spread­ing anx­i­ety among grow­ers and pro­duc­ers.
Apart from shak­ing up the agri­cul­tural sec­tor of the coun­try, the pan­demic has brought along travel restric­tions and local quar­an­tines, threat­en­ing the avail­abil­ity of for­eign work­ers at har­vest time.

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TURKEY: More food, less tourism: Pandemic affects consumer habits

TURKEY: More food, less tourism: Pandemic affects consumer habits | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

Household expenses witnessed a new shift as the coronavirus pandemic, which has had a varied impact on the economy, changed consumer habits in Turkey, according to statistics. Last year, money spent on services like education and tourism decreased, while people spent more on appliances and food, according to Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat) data. Still, expenses continued increasing and exceeded TL 2.9 trillion ($396 billion), a 10% rise.

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Three Mediterranean countries will need external food aid in 2021

Three Mediterranean countries will need external food aid in 2021 | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

MEDITERRANEAN. The Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) lists forty-five countries that will need external food aid in 2021. Three of them are in the Mediterranean. 

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GREECE: Olive Oil Permeates Social Fabric in Time of Need

GREECE: Olive Oil Permeates Social Fabric in Time of Need | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

From charitable efforts to reversing desertification, olive trees and olive oil continue to play a fundamental role in Greek society.

Harvest chal­lenges, prices and inter­na­tional and domes­tic mar­kets tend to be the pre­vail­ing con­cerns in the Greek olive oil sec­tor.
However, there are plenty of other ways the olive tree plays a role in Greek soci­ety, out­side of busi­ness bound­aries.
In Crete, the ben­e­fi­cia­ries of the Heraklion social ser­vices pro­gram received free olive oil through a local gro­cery store.

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Covid-19 and FOOD SECURITY: can emerging economies mitigate rising prices?

Covid-19 and FOOD SECURITY: can emerging economies mitigate rising prices? | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it
An increase in food prices following the coronavirus pandemic has intensified concerns related to global food security. For emerging markets, this has further underlined the importance of regional cooperation and innovative solutions to help overcome the challenges.
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Covid-19 lockdowns hit hard global fisheries and aquaculture 

Covid-19 lockdowns hit hard global fisheries and aquaculture  | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it
Global fisheries and aquaculture have been hard hit by the COVID-19 pandemic and could face further disruption in 2021 as lockdowns affect supply and demand across the sector, according to a report by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
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LEBANON's domestic agricultural production is faltering

LEBANON's domestic agricultural production is faltering | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

SULTAN YAQOUB, Western Bekaa — In a shed on Najib Fares’ farm in the Western Bekaa, next to a broken-down tractor, sacks of unsold wheat from June’s harvest are piled up on pallets, a visible reminder of the collapse of some of the key systems set up to support local farmers and maintain the country’s food security.

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One Planet Summit: launch of PREZODE, initiative to prevent future pandemics

One Planet Summit: launch of PREZODE, initiative to prevent future pandemics | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it
PREZODE, an initiative to prevent emerging zoonotic risks and pandemics, was announced on the occasion of the One Planet Summit for biodiversity held on 11 January. Initiated by three French research institutes – INRAE, CIRAD and IRD – PREZODE already mobilised more than 1,000 researchers from 50 countries on 5 continents. 
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MEDITERRANEAN: Report MED2020: Navigating the Pandemic 

MEDITERRANEAN: Report MED2020: Navigating the Pandemic  | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

The MED Report 2020, Navigating the Pandemic, provides analyses, policy recommendations and a vast array of data and infographics to stimulate discussion and inspire innovative ideas during the 6th edition of Rome MED Dialogues. Following MED’s four traditional thematic sections – shared security; shared prosperity; migration; civil society, culture and media –the Report focuses on a selection of topics that are crucial to the region, highlighting both the challenges and the dynamics taking shape in an area that has been hard hit by the coronavirus pandemic

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Lebanon: 'Money is worth nothing now': how Lebanon is finding a future in farming 

Lebanon: 'Money is worth nothing now': how Lebanon is finding a future in farming  | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

With food in short supply and prices rocketing, a wave of new farmers are growing produce on roofs, balconies and beyond.

Long before the Covid-19 pandemic and the devastating explosion in Beirut on 4 August, Lebanon was already deep in economic crisis. For many, farming is emerging as a solution.

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Malta: Drought dries up grape production

Malta: Drought dries up grape production | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it
This year’s grape harvest was 25% lower than the average crop yield because of the very little rain, with the rain being so abundant the few times it poured that it actually did more harm than good, according to one of Malta’s main wine producers.
Marsovin chief executive Jeremy Cassar sai
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Transforming Africa’s Agriculture by Tony Blair

Transforming Africa’s Agriculture by Tony Blair | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

Strengthening Africa’s agriculture systems will not only make the continent more self-reliant and resilient to future shocks, but will also boost global health, prosperity, and security. The international community therefore has both moral and self-interested reasons to support this process.

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Italy: Bad Weather Ahead of Harvest Dampens Spirits of Olive Oil Producers

Italy: Bad Weather Ahead of Harvest Dampens Spirits of Olive Oil Producers | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

Heavy rains, hail­storms and other extreme weather events have wreaked havoc in Italy over the past few weeks, caus­ing severe dam­age to olive trees, grape vines and a num­ber of other crops.
In the north of the coun­try, thou­sands of olive trees have been dam­aged by strong storms. Citing data pro­vided by the European Severe Weather Database (ESWD), the Italian farm­ing asso­ci­a­tion, Coldiretti, said that the coun­try has expe­ri­enced up to nine storms per day, severely impact­ing many farm­ing oper­a­tions across the coun­try.

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