CIHEAM Press Review
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Events in Euro-Mediterranean Agriculture, Food, Fisheries and Environment
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EU: Project Helps Growers Prepare for Challenges Posed by Climate Change

EU: Project Helps Growers Prepare for Challenges Posed by Climate Change | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

The first phase of the Med-Gold project is approach­ing com­ple­tion and the results could rev­o­lu­tion­ize how olive grow­ers plan for the future.
The four-year project funded by the European Union seeks to pro­vide olive, grape and wheat grow­ers with infor­ma­tion that can be used to develop short, inter­me­di­ate and long-term strate­gies to com­bat cli­mate change and pests.

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MENA: The power of soil: How our precarious climate shaped the Arab Spring

MENA: The power of soil: How our precarious climate shaped the Arab Spring | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it
The history of the Middle East, and the recent teachings of the 2010-11 uprisings, highlight an important lesson: Ignore ecological integrity at your peril
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MEDITERRANEAN: First Mediterranean Assessment Report – MedECC

MEDITERRANEAN: First Mediterranean Assessment Report – MedECC | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

The First Mediterranean Assessment Report (MAR1) prepared by the independent network of Mediterranean Experts on Climate and environmental Change (MedECC) founded in 2015 is now finished. MedECC assesses the best available scientific knowledge on climate and environmental change and associated risks in the Mediterranean Basin in order to render it accessible to policymakers, stakeholders and citizens. The report includes a Summary for Policy-makers (SPM), which comprises the key messages of the MAR1.T

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MEDITERRANEAN: Climate Change and Migration

MEDITERRANEAN: Climate Change and Migration | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

The objective of this living report is to compile, analyze, and disseminate inspiring local solutions on how to address the challenges of climate change and its effects on migration through territorial resilience in the Mediterranean region. 

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Migration and Agroecology in West Africa 

Migration and Agroecology in West Africa  | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

Mobility in West African countries has long been a traditional adaptation strategy to climatic stressors. Present environmental changes are stressing the agricultural sector, which accounts for 35 per cent of West Africa’s GDP and employs over 80 per cent of the workforce. Employment in agriculture is so high that decay in agricultural production is one factor that leads to forced migration – which gives access to complementary income or better opportunities. Agroecology can play an important role in building resilience and adapting to climate change by optimizing interactions between plants, animals, humans and the environment for a sustainable and fair food system. 

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IFPRI Climate adaptation and job prospects for young people in agriculture 

IFPRI Climate adaptation and job prospects for young people in agriculture  | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

According to the United Nations, the world’s population will grow by 2 billion people over the coming decades to reach 9.7 billion by 2050 (UNDESA-DP 2019a). The dignity and life prospects of those additional 2 billion people will depend on their ability to meet basic needs, such as food, clothing, and shelter, and their access to adequate employment. The most pressing need for jobs will be felt in those regions and countries that have not yet gone through the demographic transition, and where the cohort of young people is growing rapidly. The challenge will be compounded by an increasingly crowded, more competitive world with fewer natural resources per capita, and by the threat of climate change, which is projected to affect every sector of the economy (Arent 2014).

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7 Books by Women About the Climate for International Women's Day

7 Books by Women About the Climate for International Women's Day | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

This Sunday, March 8 marks International Women’s Day, an annual holiday that has been observed for more than a century. Women are at the forefront of so many social justice movements, and climate activism is no exception. From the onset of the U.S. environmental movement in the 1960s up until present-day, many women have led the way by writing books about how everything from the chemical industry to capitalism to conspicuous consumption impacts planet Earth. 
So if you're looking for a way to celebrate International Women’s Day this year, consider honoring the most important woman of them all — Mother Earth, of course — by reading a book about protecting her. 

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Climate Change Is Transforming How Plants and Soil Interact

Climate Change Is Transforming How Plants and Soil Interact | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

One of the less-dis­cussed but more dis­rup­tive impacts of cli­mate change on agri­cul­ture will be how chang­ing weather and pre­cip­i­ta­tion pat­terns affect plant-soil feed­back sys­tems, accord­ing to a recent sci­en­tific paper out of Spain.
"There are thou­sands of micro­bial species in each gram of soil that strongly inter­act with each other and with plants. Each, how­ever, has a favorite set of cli­mate con­di­tions, and changes will favor some and harm oth­ers" - Fran­cisco Pug­naire, pro­fes­sor at Spain’s Exper­i­men­tal Sta­tion of Arid Zones
The plants and soils of the Mediter­ranean basin, where the vast major­ity of the world’s olives are grown, will undoubt­edly be impacted as the cli­mate becomes increas­ingly hot and dry.

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Could Abandoned Agricultural Lands Help Save the Planet?

Could Abandoned Agricultural Lands Help Save the Planet? | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it
Agriculture’s global footprint is decreasing — more land globally is now being abandoned by farming than converted to it. This, some researchers contend, presents an opportunity for ecological restoration that could help fight climate change and stem the loss of biodiversity.
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Thousands of Jobs Lost in Italian Olive Oil Sector, Farmers Group Warns

Thousands of Jobs Lost in Italian Olive Oil Sector, Farmers Group Warns | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it
Coldiretti says 100,000 jobs have been lost in the olive oil supply chain as adverse weather and Xylella fastidiosa crippled the country’s olive oil yield.
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How Crowdsourcing Seeds Can Help Farmers Adapt to Climate Change

How Crowdsourcing Seeds Can Help Farmers Adapt to Climate Change | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it
In Ethiopia and other developing nations, scientists are working with small-scale farmers on trials to see which seed varieties perform best in changing conditions. These initiatives are enabling farmers to make smarter crop choices in the face of rising temperatures, drought, and more extreme weather.
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Sustainability | Free Full-Text | Using Local Agroecological Knowledge in Climate Change Adaptation: A Study of Tree-Based Options in Northern Morocco

Sustainability | Free Full-Text | Using Local Agroecological Knowledge in Climate Change Adaptation: A Study of Tree-Based Options in Northern Morocco | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

Communities in northern Morocco are vulnerable to increasing water scarcity and food insecurity. Context specific adaptation options thus need to be identified to sustain livelihoods and agroecosystems in this region, and increase the resilience of vulnerable smallholders, and their farming systems, to undesired effects of social-ecological change. This study took a knowledge-based systems approach to explore whether and how tree-based (i.e., agroforestry) options could contribute to meeting these adaptation needs.

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To slow climate change, Naomi Klein looks to government, business –

To slow climate change, Naomi Klein looks to government, business – | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it
When it comes to acting on climate change, there are two choices, author and activist Naomi Klein told a full house at First Parish Church in Cambridge Wednesday, “We can give up — wait for the apocalypse. That’s one option. The other option is to stand up in a truly unprecedented way.”
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TURKEY: Climate change to affect productivity in the agricultural sector

TURKEY: Climate change to affect productivity in the agricultural sector | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

Climate change will adversely affect productivity in the agricultural sector in the short term, according to a Turkish expert.
A Turkish academic has drawn attention to the importance of the effects of climate change especially on the agricultural sector.
Speaking to state-run Anadolu Agency, Zeynep Zaimoğlu, an academic from Çukurova University’s Department of Environmental Engineering, said the negative effects of climate change on the agricultural sector will begin to be seen in the next few months.

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How to create a net-zero, nature-positive recovery’

How to create a net-zero, nature-positive recovery’ | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

During 2020, many of us saw images of deserted urban areas being reclaimed by animals and heard reports of carbon dioxide emissions plummeting as transportation ground to a halt. A new analysis shows that the US had reached its lowest level of emissions in three decades.
It would be easy to assume that COVID-19 allowed nature to thrive. However, we must not prematurely celebrate nature’s comeback.

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AFRIQUE: La crise climatique menace toujours plus la santé et la sécurité alimentaire

AFRIQUE: La crise climatique menace toujours plus la santé et la sécurité alimentaire | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

Sécheresses, inondations, cyclones : le continent le moins polluant de la planète subit de plein fouet les conséquences du réchauffement. Selon un rapport d’une quinzaine d’organisations, coordonné par l’Organisation météorologique mondiale (OMM) et publié lundi 26 octobre, l’augmentation des températures, l’élévation du niveau de la mer, la modification du régime des précipitations ou encore la multiplication des phénomènes météorologiques extrêmes font peser de graves menaces sur la santé, la sécurité alimentaire et le développement socio-économique en Afrique.

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Mediterranean: Challenges Await Growers As the Region Becomes Hotter and Drier

Mediterranean: Challenges Await Growers As the Region Becomes Hotter and Drier | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

Climate change has a direct, mea­sur­able impact on olive farm­ing in the Mediterranean region. As a result, the vast major­ity of the world’s olive oil-pro­duc­ing areas have become a test­ing ground.
In recent years, sci­en­tists have begun to inves­ti­gate how new rain­fall pat­terns, which increas­ingly resem­ble those of sub­trop­i­cal envi­ron­ments, will affect European farm­ers.

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Italy: Bad Weather Ahead of Harvest Dampens Spirits of Olive Oil Producers

Italy: Bad Weather Ahead of Harvest Dampens Spirits of Olive Oil Producers | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

Heavy rains, hail­storms and other extreme weather events have wreaked havoc in Italy over the past few weeks, caus­ing severe dam­age to olive trees, grape vines and a num­ber of other crops.
In the north of the coun­try, thou­sands of olive trees have been dam­aged by strong storms. Citing data pro­vided by the European Severe Weather Database (ESWD), the Italian farm­ing asso­ci­a­tion, Coldiretti, said that the coun­try has expe­ri­enced up to nine storms per day, severely impact­ing many farm­ing oper­a­tions across the coun­try.

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Agriculture has fundamental role to play in fighting climate change

Agriculture has fundamental role to play in fighting climate change | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

In an interview with EURACTIV’s partner, Le Journal de l’environnement, French socialist MEP Éric Andrieu (S&D) said that climate change and the COVID-19 pandemic make it necessary to put agriculture back at the heart of the debate and to change the agricultural model with targeted tools and resources.

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Farmers facing drought disaster

Farmers facing drought disaster | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

Malta’s few remaining full-time farmers are living in constant fear that the island’s farming industry could soon cease to exist as extreme weather becomes the norm.
The country is in a state of drought and February is forecast to be the driest on record with just 0.6mm of rainfall recorded so far this month. George Mifsud, one of the estimated 150 remaining full-time farmers in the country, made a stark prediction about the future of his profession.

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Climate Change Hits Vulnerable Communities First and Hardest

Climate Change Hits Vulnerable Communities First and Hardest | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

Building resilience in fragile regions must be a priority, not an afterthought, in our efforts to reach global goals. Climate change impacts vulnerable communities hardest.

 We’ve known for a while that conflict and political instability—especially when coupled with extreme weather events such as hurricanes or drought—inevitably leads to poverty, food insecurity, limited access to clean water and sanitation, unreliable infrastructure and displacement.

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Participation: key to the creation of new farming systems

Participation: key to the creation of new farming systems | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

Farmers and the actors that support farming systems face acute challenges caused by the climate emergency. According to CGIAR researchers, overcoming these challenges requires working together to co-design and adopt climate-smart practices. This article explains how climate-smart farming could be achieved through an innovation platform to develop climate-smart practices.

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Mindset Change Is Key to Building Sustainable Communities

Mindset Change Is Key to Building Sustainable Communities | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it
In light of project Forest Forces' completion, implemented in Zimbabwe and funded by the EU and FAO, Naume Guveya looks into why mindset change, in addition to such aid, is crucial to building sustainable communities.
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Eradicating hunger and climate change in Uganda: The role of crop trees

Eradicating hunger and climate change in Uganda: The role of crop trees | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

With increasing demand for land for settlement, agriculture and industrial development has resulted in the destruction of natural resources and forests are no exception. The FAO estimates that global net forest loss is 3.3 million hectares per year, much of which is to make room for agriculture. More so for one out of every three people worldwide wood is the major source of energy for cooking food and sterilising water.

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Taller plants on the tundra - Research Highlights - Nature Middle East

Taller plants on the tundra - Research Highlights - Nature Middle East | CIHEAM Press Review | Scoop.it

Understanding vegetation changes on the tundra could improve predictions on the impacts of climate change.
Plants in tundra ecosystems are getting taller, according to a study conducted by a large consortium of over one hundred scientists, including a researcher affiliated with Qatar University. The changes could lead to a warmer ecosystem and alter how carbon is stored in the soil. Tundra ecosystems, present in northern arctic and alpine regions, lack trees but have an abundance of shrubs, grasses and mosses. 

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