Child Labour---Modern & Acient
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Child Labour---Modern & Acient
"child-centred" research of Child labour
Curated by Zhe Chen
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Les Miserables - Offcial Trailer - HD Join The Facebook Page: Copyright © 2012 Universal Pictures In Theaters: December 14th, 2012 Genre:...
Zhe Chen's comment, April 20, 2013 4:46 PM
Insight: This is the new "Les Miserables". I tried to find the short video for the young Cosette, but I only find this trailer. After you see this, maybe you will interested in this movie. Yound Cosette was a child labour before she live with Jean Valjean. She borned in France in the 19th century. The Industrial revolution changed the society, and her mother dead. She became the child slavery in the small hotel. This movie shows how children lived during industrial revolution in France, and how the society changed. Most of people changed to another lifestyle, children work on the street. People started the parade on the street, child labourers are part of them. Child labour became a common phenomenon, and one of main labour forces. You will find the history of France is very interesting, and moving.
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Child labour/Modern day Slavery

Child labour/Modern day Slavery | Child Labour---Modern & Acient |
Child labour is like modern day slavery.Child labour (U.S. child labor) refers to the employment of children at regular and sustained labour. This practice is considered exploitative by many intern...
Zhe Chen's comment, April 20, 2013 5:29 PM
Insight: What's the different between slavery and labour? This question is a very hard question to be answered. Child labour do not like the adult labour force who understand what they can do and earn. Their minds are not adultness, their low salary made them looks like slaveries. The data show, "child labour accounts for 22% of the workforce in Asia, 32% in Africa, 17% in Latin America, 1% in US, Canada, Europe and other wealthy nations. The proportion of child labourers varies a lot among countries and even regions inside those countries." That also means child labour are spread all over the world, as same as the "slavery".
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Statistics by Area - Child labour - Child labour and education

Statistics by Area - Child labour - Child labour and education | Child Labour---Modern & Acient |
Zhe Chen's comment, April 20, 2013 2:33 PM
Insight: This is a summery which show the education of child labour in sub-Saharan Africa. The different parts between boys and girls prove the girls were lower educated than boys, may because those families think boys need more knowledge. Rural areas and urban areas have huge different, that shows most of the child labour are come from rural area. The last few website show the most common work is farm and field job, so this is reasonable. How do you think about the different between gender and areas? And how do you think the child labour distribution around the world? Why?
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History of Child Labor |

Children have always worked, especially in farming, but the Industrial Revolution changed the nature of child labor.
Zhe Chen's comment, April 20, 2013 1:45 PM
Insight: this website page was written for the 6-8 grades children who need to learn the history of child labour. They try to introduce the whole history of child labour to students who living in the 21st century. This is a very good summery for children. This summery mentioned Canada's child labour. Child labour has been less of a problem in Canada, because industry there did not develop until the 1900's. Also, Canada's child labour laws similar to US today. This is first time we know Canada's child labour, and we can understand why the child labour not a main social problem in Canada. Compare to Asia, Africa and Latin America, I think we need to focus on the countries which do not have this problem. We can find out why they do not have the problem, and solve the problem in other countries.
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Philippines and Indonesia: Child Labour in Footwear Industry

(July 2006) The footwear industry in Indonesia and the Philippines is a source of income for many poor families. An ILO training program encourages them to h...
Zhe Chen's comment, April 19, 2013 3:24 AM
Insight: This show is about child labour in Asia, it talks about the footwear industry in Indonesia and the Philippines specificly. These children do not have time to relax and study. I try to pointed out these children were forced by their families and parents. That means almost half of child labour were encouraged by their own families, not by the other social factors. Although the poverty is the root of child labour, some of children still push by the public opinion. The children who live in the poor area must to work and made money for their families.
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Should Child labour be banned?

Should Child labour be banned? | Child Labour---Modern & Acient |
Should child labour be banned? A question where most people would just say "Of course child labour should be banned!" because that's what the media everywhere around them says, so they say it witho...
Zhe Chen's comment, April 20, 2013 5:45 PM
Insight: the opposite opinion for the last website, show how people against child labour.
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Debate Issue: should child labor be allowed |

Debate Issue: should child labor be allowed | | Child Labour---Modern & Acient |

Child labor become an important debate, after the against child labour, people start to think support child labour.

Zhe Chen's comment, April 18, 2013 9:32 PM
Insight: This website provides a very different view point about child labour. Before few decades, people start to focus on the rights of child labour, they try to stop child labour worldwide. However, there appear the different vioce which is a part of people support the voluntary child labour in recent years. This website give the main reasons why people support child labour. The person who post this debate is a supporter of child labour. He talked about some reasons people worried about child labour. The debate draw out the child labour support their families and society, and child labour can be voluntary. Child labour should be legal after government set the basic limitation. This website shows us how people's viewpoints change during these few decades. How do you think about this topic?
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stopchildlabor | Child Labour---Modern & Acient |
the Website of the Child Labor Coalition
Zhe Chen's comment, April 5, 2013 3:36 AM
This website will give you a view of how the lives of different countries and different time's child labour. You will find some impression pictures and articles in this website. I use them to understand what is the meaning of Child Labour.
Ann Marie Murnaghan's comment, April 26, 2013 1:45 PM
The news link on this site and its geographical perspectives are interesting and enlightening
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A History of Children

Life For Children in the Past

How would you survive if you were born 500 years ago? Quite likely you wouldn't! In the past many of the children born died before they could grow up. As many as 25% of children died before their fifth birthday. As many as 40% of the people born died before they were 16. Even if they survived life was hard for children. Most did not go to school. Instead from an early age they had to help the family by doing some work. Both parents and teachers were very strict and beating naughty children was normal. However children did have some time to play and enjoy themselves.

Children in Ancient Egypt

Egyptian children played similar games to the ones children play today. They also played with dolls, toy soldiers, wooden animals, ball, marbles, spinning tops and knucklebones (which were thrown like dice).

Most children in Egypt did not go to school. Instead boys learned farming or other trades from their fathers. Girls learned sewing, cooking and other skills from their mothers. Boys from wealthy families sometimes learned to be scribes. They learned by copying and memorising and discipline was strict. Teachers beat naughty boys. The boys learned reading and writing and also mathematics.

Because the climate in Egypt was very hot children often did not wear clothes. Also they often shaved their heads except for one plait of hair on the side of the head.


Children in Ancient Greece

In Greece when a child was born it was not regarded as a person until it was five days old when a special ceremony was held and the child became part of the family. Parents were entitled, by law, to abandon newborn babies to die of exposure. Sometimes strangers would adopt abandoned babies. However in that case the baby became a slave.

Girls married when they were about 15. Marriages were arranged for them and often their husband was much older than them.

In ancient Greece girls learned skills like weaving from their mothers. Only boys went to school. They started at the age of seven. Boys from a rich family were escorted to school by a slave.

The boys learned reading, writing and arithmetic as well as poetry and music. The Greeks also believed that physical education was very important so boys did dancing and athletics.

Discipline was severe in Greece and children were often beaten. In Sparta children were treated very harshly. At the age of 7 boys were removed from their families and sent to live in barracks. They were treated severely to turn them into brave soldiers. They were deliberately kept short of food so they would have to steal - teaching them stealth and cunning. They were whipped for any offence.

Spartan girls learned athletics and dancing - so they would become fit and healthy mothers of more soldiers.

In Ancient Greece when boys were not at school and girls were not working they played ball games with inflated pig's bladders. They also played with knucklebones. Children also played with spinning tops, dolls, model horses with wheels, hoops and rocking horses.


Children in Rome

Many of the inhabitants of Rome were slaves. Prisoners of war were made slaves and any children slaves had were automatically slaves.

Boys and girls were given a kind of necklace called a bulla. It consisted of a charm inside a pouch. It was worn around the neck. When a boy became a man he discarded his bulla. A girl wore hers until she got married.

The children of well to do Romans went to a primary school called a ludus at the age of 7 to learn to read and write and do simple arithmetic. Girls left school at the age of 12 or 13 and only boys went to secondary school where they would learn geometry, history, literature and oratory (the art of public speaking).

Teachers were often Greek slaves. The teachers were very strict and they frequently beat the children.

Roman children played with wooden or clay dolls and hoops. They also played ball games and board games. They also played with toy carts and with animal knucklebones.

Zhe Chen's comment, April 20, 2013 5:19 PM
Insight: A long history page of the children in ancient world. This short version is the first part of the website. I would like to mention children in Rome. "Many of inhabitants of Rome were slaves. Prisoners of war were made slaves and any children slaves ahd were automatically slaves. Boys and girls were given an kind of necklace called a bulla." This data shows part of children in Ancient Rome were inherited child slaveries. Their lives were seemed cheaper than the noble children. You will find out how children's lives in different ancient coutries. After you read this page, what do you think about children's lives in ancient time? Also, how different between different continents?
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Rural Poverty Portal

Rural Poverty Portal | Child Labour---Modern & Acient |

The rural poverty portal of America, different perspective compare with the original one.

Zhe Chen's comment, April 20, 2013 5:08 PM
Insight: I thought this website is very interesting, because it has a different perspective. Before I saw this website, I thought the North America should be the relative lower poverty area, and Latin America should be the relative higher poverty area. In fact, the website shows us the contrary information. The data present the poorest area is the rural area in US and Canada. That information let me think about the reason why child labour were lower in North America is most children in rural area will support their family by help the field job. I would like to use this website tell you the rural area in different countries have different relatively wealth extent. If you interested in other countries' rural wealth extent, you can see the data in this website. The whole world will represented in a very different way. How do you think about the rural relatively wealth extent affect child labour distribute?
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Child Labor Map – stopchildlabor

Child Labor Map – stopchildlabor | Child Labour---Modern & Acient |
the Website of the Child Labor Coalition
Zhe Chen's comment, April 20, 2013 5:38 PM
Insight: this web is one digital map which can show the child labour coalition around the world. You can find the detail information by using this web. They have a lot of information about the child labour, also show the different perspectives of different countries' people. The US's labels are very interesting, shows multiple perspectives of people who care about child labour. This web help me to find a lot of information and articles, but it is hard to explain one by one. We can know which countries people pay attention to child labour problem from this web. After think through which group people pay attention to children we can understand why child labour is not a main social problem in some specific countries.
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The History Place - Child Labor in America: Investigative Photos of Lewis Hine

The History Place - Child Labor in America: Investigative Photos of Lewis Hine | Child Labour---Modern & Acient |
Sixty-nine extraordinary photographs of children at work from 1908-12, taken by Lewis W. Hine, the investigative photographer for the National Child Labor Beareau.
Zhe Chen's comment, April 19, 2013 7:35 PM
Insight: Finally we start to search the child labour in America. These photographs were taken from 1908-1912 America. As we all know, United States is an immigration country. Most of families which live in US were moved from Europe or Latin America. These families and children need to support their families to live in the new place. These photographs present the children's jobs. They worked in the factory, street, miners, seafood manufactory, farm and small business. They are experienced the industrial revolution in US. After one hundreds years, the situation of children become better than the 20th century. How do you think about the child labour in US in 21st century? Do you think there have a big change? And how do you think about the voluntary "child jobs" around yourself?
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Children In Victorian Times

Working children in “Victorian Times”=“industry revolution" 

Zhe Chen's comment, April 19, 2013 1:42 AM
Insight: This powerpoint's topic is children labour in Victorian Times. The Victorian times is the industrial revolution in British. We can use this resource to compare with the modern children in Europe. These slides shows how the child labour living and working in the industrial revolution which is 1750 to 1850. Acient child labour lived and worked in the poorest situation, they suffered by the disaster working situation and the underdeveloped condition. Since the industry developing, child labours were becoming the main part of labour force. After you read these slides, what's the different between acient and modern child labour situation?
Trevor James Wideman's comment, April 19, 2013 10:23 AM
I wonder if this european situation had exact parallels in North America, or whether it was better or worse. We don't hear as much about North American child labour in the 19th century, but we know that it happened, even in Canada (see Bullen, 1986).
Ann Marie Murnaghan's comment, April 26, 2013 1:50 PM
And interesting linkages when children were sent over from London, England to rural Canada (among other countries) to work on the farms
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Do Not Ban Child Labor... Tackle Poverty Instead

Do Not Ban Child Labor... Tackle Poverty Instead | Child Labour---Modern & Acient |
Child labor should not be banned because it has severe consequences on children and families. Instead, the problem of poverty at large should be tackled.
Zhe Chen's comment, April 18, 2013 10:46 PM
Insight: This website pointed out the root of child labour is poverty, this communities support to solve the problem of poverty instead ban child labour. I agree this point, from the last website, the men draw out the poor families cannot survive without child labour. They give us the data which is the cost of an all-out war on child labor would be over $750 billions over a period of 20 years. However, the society will gains 4 trillion dollars from
economic benefit of educating and preserving a whole generation from diseases. The only problem is this will take 20 years to see the result. What do you think the best solution for save the child labour?
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Modern Child Slavery---Anti-Slavery

Modern Child Slavery---Anti-Slavery | Child Labour---Modern & Acient |

This website shows how to protect children from slavery in modern time.

Zhe Chen's comment, April 15, 2013 11:47 PM
Insight: This academic ardicle talks about the reasons of Children still be the slaveries and labour in modern world. One case study are discussed here, and there is also the example of child soldiers were discussed here too. The most importantly, this website also pointed out the different between child labour and child slavery effect the society and how they changed by environmental change. They use a lot of definitions and examples to show how the child slaveries live in the world. Do you think there would be a way that child slaveries can be saved by other people? And how the child slaveries connect to the environment?
Ann Marie Murnaghan's comment, April 26, 2013 1:38 PM
Interesting linkages between the exploitation of children and the environment. Children often get doubly exploited in these situations of labouring in degraded environments.
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ILO Conventions and Recommendations on child labour

Zhe Chen's comment, April 5, 2013 3:11 AM
International Labour Organization is the most important group for labour protection. If you want to know more thing about the Conventions 182 and 138. These conventions have large impact on Child Labour Protection.
Zhe Chen's comment, April 20, 2013 5:52 PM
Good to know this conventions, because you will know how the international organization let the bad situation better during these years.