War Crimes
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Is violence against civilians inevitable in war?

Is violence against civilians inevitable in war? | War Crimes | Scoop.it

A survey of officer candidates in 1967 found half willing to use torture to get information, and a very large survey in 1970 found that 15% of officers and enlisted men did not comprehend the rules of war.

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War Crimes/ War Criminals

War crimes are acts committed during the course of a war that violate the Hague Convention of 1907, the Geneva Convention of 1949 and other internationally accepted laws governing the conduct of war. Examples of war crimes include, but are not limited to, genocide, mass rape and torture. During the 1999s, the United Nations initially established ad hoc tribunals, such as the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. The first permanent, independent criminal court soon came into being with the creation of the International Criminal Court (ICC). The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, the treaty that established the ICC, was adopted in 1998, with 120 nations voting in favor. Seven nations voted against the statute: China, Iraq, Libya, Yemen, Qatar, Israel and the United States. In 2002, the ICC was ratified by 60 countries. Those in favor of an international court contend that it is needed to ensure that war crimes do not go unpunished. Critics argue that an international court interferes with the notion of state sovereignty.

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Impact of Armed Conflict on Children

In the past decade alone, an estimated 2 million children have been killed in armed conflict. Three times as many have been seriously injured or permanently disabled. Countless others have been forced to witness or even to take part in horrifying acts of violence. These statistics are shocking enough, but more chilling is the conclusion to be drawn from them: more and more of the world is being sucked into a desolate moral vacuum, a space devoid of the most basic human values, a space in which children are slaughtered, raped and maimed, where children are exploited as soldiers, starved and exposed to extreme brutality.

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BBC NEWS | Europe | What is a war crime?

BBC NEWS | Europe | What is a war crime? | War Crimes | Scoop.it
BBC News Online looks at the concept of war crimes and the history of war crimes trials.
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GENEVA CONVENTION

The Conventions are long and complicated, but they are essentially a series of 'do's' and 'don'ts' to apply during conflict to protect vulnerable and defenceless individuals. Their underlying principles can be simply stated.

The human dignity of all individuals must be respected at all times. Everything possible must be done, without any kind of discrimination, to reduce the suffering of people who have been put out of action by sickness, wounds or captivity whether or not they have taken direct part in the conflict.

The First Protocol extends the Conventions, taking into consideration modern means of warfare and transport and aiming to give further protection to civilians. The Second Protocol provides a code of minimum protection for the combatants and the civilian population during civil wars.

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War Crimes

War crimes are punishable offenses committed in violation of internationally agreed-upon laws of war. These crimes include genocide and other forms of ethnic cleansing—acts of violence committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group—along with systematic rape, torture of prisoners of war, and denial of basic civil rights.

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