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The Zombie Survival Guide

The Zombie Survival Guide | Virology News | Scoop.it

Those who don’t learn from history are condemned to repeat it. Don’t wait for them to come to you! Organise before they rise!

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In our continuing quest to keep you all safe from the ZA (=Zombie Apocalypse)...B-)  Have a great New Year out there!

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Virology News
Topical news snippets about viruses that affect people.  And other things. Like Led Zeppelin. And zombies B-)
Curated by Ed Rybicki
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I promised you zombies. And their viruses.

I promised you zombies. And their viruses. | Virology News | Scoop.it
An exam question I set for MCB3024S this November B-)
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Merck takes key step toward approval of experimental Ebola vaccine

Merck takes key step toward approval of experimental Ebola vaccine | Virology News | Scoop.it
The FDA indicated in the summer of 2016 that it had given Merck’s vaccine, provisionally called V920, a “breakthrough therapy designation.”...
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Taiwan working to "eradicate" avian influenza

TAIWAN, 13 November 2018 - Taiwan's Council of Agriculture said it plans to eradicate avian influenza virus by stepping up monitoring and prevention measures at domestic poultry farms as it opened its new Research Center for Avian Influenza Control and Prevention...
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Characterization of Haartman Institute snake virus-1 (HISV-1) and HISV-like viruses—The representatives of genus hartmanivirus, family Arenaviridae

Characterization of Haartman Institute snake virus-1 (HISV-1) and HISV-like viruses—The representatives of genus hartmanivirus, family Arenaviridae | Virology News | Scoop.it
Author summary From the 1930s to 2015 arenaviruses were known as mainly rodent-borne viruses, which occasionally infect humans, causing a severe disease. After isolation of novel arenaviruses from snakes, the family Arenaviridae now comprises three genera, Mammarenavirus, Reptarenavirus, and...
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Goodbye 'Gluten-Free'? Celiac Disease Vaccine May Make It Possible

Goodbye 'Gluten-Free'? Celiac Disease Vaccine May Make It Possible | Virology News | Scoop.it
People with celiac disease must follow a very restrictive diet, but an experimental vaccine may offer many of them the freedom to eat more normally.
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Historical Vaccine Safety Concerns Concerns | Vaccine Safety | CDC

Read more about past vaccine safety concerns, how they have been resolved, and what we have learned.
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Enterprise Unveils 5-year Strategic Plan Towards Evolving Effective HIV Vaccine

Enterprise Unveils 5-year Strategic Plan Towards Evolving Effective HIV Vaccine | Virology News | Scoop.it
Global HIV Vaccine Enterprise has launched a five-year strategy to accelerate the development of vaccine toward preventing HIV infection.
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Virus-like particles of recombinant PCV2b carrying FMDV-VP1 epitopes induce both anti-PCV and anti-FMDV antibody responses.

Mixed infection of porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) and foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) is devastating to swine populations. To develop an effective vaccine...
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What is the History of Influenza Vaccine Use in America? - NVIC

The isolation of influenza types A and B in the 1930's fueled an interest in the development of an influenza vaccine that would reduce mortality in future epidemics and pandemics.
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Study of Flu-Related Deaths in Children Shows Healthy Children at Risk

Study of Flu-Related Deaths in Children Shows Healthy Children at Risk | Virology News | Scoop.it
Study of Flu-Related Deaths in Children Shows Healthy Children at Risk - CDC...
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Origin, Genetic Diversity, and Evolutionary Dynamics of Novel Porcine Circovirus 3

Origin, Genetic Diversity, and Evolutionary Dynamics of Novel Porcine Circovirus 3 | Virology News | Scoop.it
Porcine circovirus 3 (PCV3) is a novel virus associated with acute PDNS (porcine dermatitis and nephropathy syndrome)‐like clinical signs identified by metagenomic sequencing from swine. Its high occurrence may pose a potential threat to the swin
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Zimbabwe launches vaccine drive in bid to bring cholera outbreak under control – UK News

Zimbabwe launches vaccine drive in bid to bring cholera outbreak under control – UK News | Virology News | Scoop.it
17 hours Zimbabwe launches vaccine drive in bid to bring cholera outbreak under control Telegraph
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Lion CRISIS: Emergency DRUGS AIRLIFT for dying endangered lions | Nature | News

Lion CRISIS: Emergency DRUGS AIRLIFT for dying endangered lions | Nature | News | Virology News | Scoop.it
PRECIOUS drugs are being airlifted into a lion sanctuary in the battle to save the big cats from deadly pet diseases. Up to 300 doses of vaccine are due to arrive in India’s vast Gir Forest as the death toll of endangered Asiatic lions rises to 23 animals.
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Dust or disease? Perceptions of influenza in rural Southern Malawi

bioRxiv - the preprint server for biology, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, a research and educational institution...
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This Is What Vaccines Have Saved The World From

This Is What Vaccines Have Saved The World From | Virology News | Scoop.it
The polio vaccine changed lives in the mid-1950s, a decade during which thousands of children were being devastated by the disease. At its height in 1952, the virus infected almost 60,000 kids in the United States.
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Pandemic 1918 - News and events,

This talk will use previously unpublished records, memoirs, diaries and government publications to uncover the human story of the Spanish Flu in 1918...
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*Bullshit Alert!!* Did a Military Experimental Vaccine in 1918....

*Bullshit Alert!!* Did a Military Experimental Vaccine in 1918.... | Virology News | Scoop.it
The “Spanish Flu” killed an estimated 50-100 million people during a pandemic 1918-19. What if the story we have been told about this pandemic isn’t true? What if, instead, the killer infection was neither the flu nor Spanish in origin? Newly analyzed documents reveal that the “Spanish Flu” may have been a military vaccine experiment gone awry. In looking back on the 100th anniversary of the end of World War I, we need to delve deeper to solve this mystery. Summary The reason modern technology has not been able to pinpoint the killer influenza strain from this pandemic is because influenza was not the killer. More soldiers died during WWI from disease than from bullets. The pandemic was not flu. An estimated 95% (or higher) of the deaths were caused by bacterial pneumonia, not influenza/a virus. The pandemic was not Spanish. The first cases of bacterial pneumonia in 1918 trace back to a military base in Fort Riley, Kansas. Louise Kuo Habakus (ed... Buy New $14.95 (as of 01:05 EST - Details) From January 21 – June 4, 1918, an experimental bacterial meningitis vaccine cultured in horses by the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research in New York was injected into soldiers at Fort Riley. During the remainder of 1918 as those soldiers – often living and traveling under poor sanitary conditions – were sent to Europe to fight, they spread bacteria at every stop between Kansas and the frontline trenches in France. One study describes soldiers “with active infections (who) were aerosolizing the bacteria that colonized their noses and throats, while others—often, in the same “breathing spaces”—were profoundly susceptible to invasion of and rapid spread through their lungs by their own or others’ colonizing bacteria.” (1) The “Spanish Flu” attacked healthy people in their prime.  Bacterial pneumonia attacks people in their prime. Flu attacks the young, old and immunocompromised. When WW1 ended on November 11, 1918, soldiers returned to their home countries and colonial outposts, spreading the killer bacterial pneumonia worldwide. During WW1, the Rockefeller Institute also sent the antimeningococcic serum to England, France, Belgium, Italy and other countries, helping spread the epidemic worldwide. During the pandemic of 1918-19, the so-called “Spanish Flu” killed 50-100 million people, including many soldiers. Many people do not realize that disease killed far more soldiers on all sides than machine guns or mustard gas or anything else typically associated with WWI. I have a personal connection to the Spanish Flu.  Among those killed by disease in 1918-19 are members of both of my parents’ families. On my father’s side, his grandmother Sadie Hoyt died from pneumonia in 1918. Sadie was a Chief Yeoman in the Navy.  Her death left my grandmother Rosemary and her sister Anita to be raised by their aunt. Sadie’s sister Marian also joined the Navy.  She died from “the influenza” in 1919. On my mother’s side, two of her father’s sisters died in childhood. All of the family members who died lived in New York City. I suspect many American families, and many families worldwide, were impacted in similar ways by the mysterious Spanish Flu. In 1918, “influenza” or flu was a catchall term for disease of unknown origin.  It didn’t carry the specific meaning it does today. It meant some mystery disease which dropped out of the sky.  In fact, influenza is from the Medieval Latin “influential” in an astrological sense, meaning a visitation under the influence of the stars. WHY IS WHAT HAPPENED 100 YEARS AGO IMPORTANT NOW? Between 1900-1920, there were enormous efforts underway in the industrialized world to build a better society.  I will use New York as an example to discuss three major changes to society which occurred in NY during that time and their impact on mortality from infectious diseases. 1. Clean Water and Sanitation In the late 19th century through the early 20th century, New York built an extraordinary system to bring clean water to the city from the Catskills, a system still in use today.  New York City also built over 6000 miles of sewer to take away and treat waste, which protects the drinking water. The World Health Organization acknowledges the importance of clean water and sanitation in combating infectious diseases. (2) 2. Electricity In the late 19th century through the early 20th century, New York built a power grid and wired the city so power was available in every home.  Electricity allows for refrigeration. Refrigeration is an unsung hero as a public health benefit. When food is refrigerated from farm to table, the public is protected from potential infectious diseases.  Cheap renewable energy is important for many reasons, including combating infectious diseases. Suzanne Humphries MD, ... Best Price: $19.95 Buy New $22.78 (as of 08:20 EST - Details) 3. Pharmaceutical In the late 19th century through the early 20th century, New York became the home of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research (now Rockefeller University).  The Institute is where the modern pharmaceutical industry was born. The Institute pioneered many of the approaches the pharmaceutical industry uses today, including the preparation of vaccine serums, for better or worse.  The vaccine used in the Fort Riley experiment on soldiers was made in horses. US Mortality Rates data from the turn of the 20th century to 1965 clearly indicates that clean water, flushing toilets, effective sewer systems and refrigerated foods all combined to effectively reduce mortality from infectious diseases BEFORE vaccines for those diseases became available. Have doctors and the pharmaceutical manufacturers taken credit for reducing mortality from infectious disease which rightfully belongs to sandhogs, plumbers, electricians and engineers? If hubris at the Rockefeller Institute in 1918 led to a pandemic disease which killed millions of people, what lessons can we learn and apply to 2018? THE DISEASE WAS NOT SPANISH While watching an episode of American Experience on PBS a few months ago,  I was surprised to hear that the first cases of “Spanish Flu” occurred at Fort Riley, Kansas in 1918.  I thought, how is it possible this historically important event could be so badly misnamed 100 years ago and never corrected? Why “Spanish”? Spain was one of a few countries not involved in World War I.  Most of the countries involved in the war censored their press. Free from censorship concerns, the earliest press reports of people dying from disease in large numbers came from Spain.  The warring countries did not want to additionally frighten the troops, so they were content to scapegoat Spain. Soldiers on all sides would be asked to cross no man’s land into machine gun fire, which was frightening enough without knowing that the trenches were a disease breeding ground. One hundred years later, it’s long past time to drop “Spanish” from all discussion of this pandemic.  If the flu started at a United States military base in Kansas, then the disease could and should be more aptly named. In order to prevent future disasters, the US (and the rest of the world) must take a hard look at what really caused the pandemic. It is possible that one of the reasons the Spanish Flu has never been corrected is that it helps disguise the origin of the pandemic. If the origin of the pandemic involved a vaccine experiment on US soldiers, then the US may prefer calling it Spanish Flu instead of The Fort Riley Bacteria of 1918, or something similar.  The Spanish Flu started at the location this experimental bacterial vaccine was given making it the prime suspect as the source of the bacterial infections which killed so many. It would be much more difficult to maintain the marketing mantra of “vaccines save lives” if a vaccine experiment originating in the United States during the years of primitive manufacturing caused the deaths of  50-100 million people. “Vaccines save lives … except we may have killed 50-100 million people in 1918-19” is a far less effective sales slogan than the overly simplistic “vaccines save lives.” THE DISEASE WHICH KILLED SO MANY WAS NOT FLU OR A VIRUS.  IT WAS BACTERIAL. During the mid-2000’s there was much talk about “pandemic preparedness.”  Influenza vaccine manufacturers in the United States received billions of taxpayer dollars to develop vaccines to make sure that we don’t have another lethal pandemic “flu,” like the one in 1918-19. Capitalizing on the “flu” part of Spanish flu helped vaccine manufacturers procure billion dollar checks from governments, even though scientists knew at the time that bacterial pneumonia was the real killer. Neil Z. Miller Best Price: $13.25 Buy New $12.60 (as of 11:55 EST - Details) It is not my opinion that bacterial pneumonia was the real killer – thousands of autopsies confirm this fact. According to a 2008 National Institute of Health paper, bacterial pneumonia was the killer in a minimum of 92.7% of the 1918-19 autopsies reviewed.  It is likely higher than 92.7%. The researchers looked at more than 9000 autopsies, and “there were no negative (bacterial) lung culture results.” “… In the 68 higher-quality autopsy series, in which the possibility of unreported negative cultures could be excluded, 92.7% of autopsy lung cultures were positive for ≥1 bacterium. … in one study of approximately 9000 subjects who were followed from clinical presentation with influenza to resolution or autopsy, researchers obtained, with sterile technique, cultures of either pneumococci or streptococci from 164 of 167 lung tissue samples. There were 89 pure cultures of pneumococci; 19 cultures from which only streptococci were recovered; 34 that yielded mixtures of pneumococci and/or streptococci; 22 that yielded a mixture of pneumococci, streptococci, and other organisms (prominently pneumococci and nonhemolytic streptococci); and 3 that yielded nonhemolytic streptococci alone. There were no negative lung culture results.” (3) Pneumococci or streptococci were found in “164 of (the) 167 lung tissue samples” autopsied.  That is 98.2%. Bacteria was the killer. Read the Whole Article
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An example of the utter and complete horseshit out there. It really is our duty to debunk this garbage - and the simple fact is that PEOPLE HAVE ISOLATED THE ACTUAL VIRUS SEQUENCE FROM CORPSES AND TISSUE SAMPLES!!
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Overview of Influenza Surveillance in the United States | Seasonal Influenza (Flu) | CDC

Overview of Influenza Surveillance in the United States | Seasonal Influenza (Flu) | CDC | Virology News | Scoop.it
Overview of Influenza Surveillance in the United States - CDC...
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Wellingtonians become guinea pigs in search for universal flu vaccine | Stuff.co.nz

Wellingtonians become guinea pigs in search for universal flu vaccine | Stuff.co.nz | Virology News | Scoop.it
Currently the flu jab only lasts a season, but Kiwis are one step closer will drawing that out longer.
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False claim resurfaces that flu vaccine is ‘designed to spread cancer’

False claim resurfaces that flu vaccine is ‘designed to spread cancer’ | Virology News | Scoop.it
Have you seen this article claiming flu vaccines are “designed to spread cancer”? Don’t be fooled by anti-vaccine sentiments - this claim is incorrect.
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Why HIV vaccine research is now about much more than HIV

Why HIV vaccine research is now about much more than HIV | Virology News | Scoop.it
Scientists think that the lessons learned over the past couple of decades could help foster the development of vaccines for diseases other than HIV.
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Genetic characterization and diversity of porcine circovirus type 2 in non-vaccinated South African swine herds.

The porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is a swine infectious viral pathogen of great significance in global swine herds. It was recently detected at another Provi...
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10/18/18:*Acute Flaccid Myelitis Is CDC Medical Fraud,Caused By Any Variant Of Flu Vax/Doctors Know This | Poppen Report Show's tracks

10/18/18:*Acute Flaccid Myelitis Is CDC Medical Fraud,Caused By Any Variant Of Flu Vax/Doctors Know This | Poppen Report Show's tracks | Virology News | Scoop.it
Source:vaxtruth.org/poppenreport.com...
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This is actually cynical fraud and alarmism. But crap like this is EVERYWHERE.
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Flu drug speeds relief from symptoms in at-risk patients: Roche

Flu drug speeds relief from symptoms in at-risk patients: Roche | Virology News | Scoop.it
FILE PHOTO: Logo of Swiss drugmaker Roche is seen at its headquarters in Basel Thomson Reuters ZURICH (Reuters) - Influenza drug baloxavir marboxil significantly sped time to relief for patients highly vulnerable to serious complications, a late-stage clinical trial has shown, Swiss drugmaker...
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Debunked: The Polio Vaccine and HIV Link | History of Vaccines

Debunked: The Polio Vaccine and HIV Link | History of Vaccines | Virology News | Scoop.it
When the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) was discovered in the 1980s, people immediately wondered where it had come from and how it had found its way into humans.One conjecture that arose in the 1990s put the blame for HIV on a public…...
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