Venezuela, Amber Spencer
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Summary

Venezuela was discovered by Christopher Columbus in the 1900s. The reason they first put seven stars on their flag is because of the seven provinces that supported Venezuela's independence. Soon after that they inserted another star to honor Simón Bolívar. Venezuela's literacy rate is around the mid ninetys and that is very good! Venezuela is known for being a Catholic Nation. It is also known for its tourism site, Angel Falls. Angel Falls was actually named after the name who landed near it. 

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Area

Land area: 340,560 sq mi (882,050 sq km); total area: 352,144 sq mi (912,050 sq km). Venezuela, a third larger than Texas, occupies most of the northern coast of South America on the Caribbean Sea. It is bordered by Colombia to the west, Guyana to the east, and Brazil to the south. Mountain systems break Venezuela into four distinct areas: (1) the Maracaibo lowlands; (2) the mountainous region in the north and northwest; (3) the Orinoco basin, with the llanos (vast grass-covered plains) on its northern border and great forest areas in the south and southeast; and (4) the Guiana Highlands, south of the Orinoco, accounting for nearly half the national territory.

http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0108140.html

 

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Weather

Venezuela has one dry season (roughly November/December to April/May) and one wet season (the rest of the year). Venezuela is close to the equator, so average temperatures vary little throughout the year. You’ll experience temperatures between 70°F and 85°F. Venezuela is December-May, when the weather is at its driest. December and January are especially cool and pleasant. April-September is very warm, and it's usually rainy May-December. 

http://www.timeanddate.com/weather/venezuela/caracas

 

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Important People

Simon Bolivar was born on July 24, 1783, Simon Bolivar embodied the title of El Libertador or The Liberator, being a military leader, a revolutionary and later a political leader who provided the leadership to be independent from Spain. Alejandro Chataing was born on February 24, 1873 in Caracas, Venezuela, Alejandro Chataing was a very productive and eclectic architect that designed many of the buildings that gave a new look to Caracas. Martin Tovar y Tovar was born on February 10, 1827, Martin Tovar y Tovar was a very prominent painter In Venezuela during the 19th century. Most of his most famous works were depictions of battles in his native Venezuela, including the Battler of Junin, the Batlle of Ayacucho and the most famous one, the Battle of Carabobo. Jesús Rafael Soto was born on June 5, 1923 in Ciudad Bolivar, Venezuela and started his art career as a cinema poster painter while still a young boy. He specialized in op and kinetic art as a sculptor and painter.

http://www.daytranslations.com/famousvenezuelan

 

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Timeline

1535 The Spanish conquistadors start to colonize the area of Venezuela. 1800s Venezuela torn by civil war. 1830 Ecuador and Venezuela leave Gran Colombia to became totally independent.1950 Marcos Perez Jimenez becomes dictator. 1999 Venezuela adopted its current constitution.

http://www.history-timelines.org.uk/places-timelines/42-venezuela-timeline.htm

 

 

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Typical Food

Veneszuela has many different types of food. Especially Italian, Spanish and French.

Arepa is the most famous dish from Venezuela, and is a cornmeal cake that can be grilled, baked or fried. . Unlike in neighbouring Colombia where it is normally eaten unadorned, here in Venezuela it is split open and filled with a variety of cheese and meats. Arepa is a basic part of the Venezuelan diet and is eaten in place of bread in most meals. 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xdiUcPuZ7-A&amp;amp;amp;nbsp;  <<video 

http://www.southamerica.cl/Venezuela/Food.htm;

        <<website

 

 

 

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Type of Government

The Government that Venezuela has is Federal Republic.They gained independence July 5, 1811. The Constitution was on December 20, 1999. Federal Republic is a form of government made up of a federal state with a constitution and self-governing subunits. It is a democractic rule. Meaning it governs itself. United States has a Federal Republic also.

 http://www.personal.psu.edu/dwb186/venezuela.html

 

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Currency & Exchange Rate

1 VEB is equal to 0.2331 USD. 1 USD is equal to 4.2893 VEB, Like the United States, Venezuela has 10,20,50,100, and 500 and like we do. Besides it being called one hundred dollars it would be called one hundred notes. The name "bolívar fuerte" is only used temporarily to distinguish it from the older currency that is being used along with the bolívar fuerte. In 1879, silver coins were introduced in denominations of 1⁄5, &frac12;, 1, 2, and 5 bolívares, together with gold 20 bolívares. Gold 100 bolívares were also issued between 1886 and 1889. In 1894, silver &frac14; bolívar coins were introduced, followed by cupro-nickel 5 and 12&frac12; céntimos in 1896.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venezuelan_bol%C3%ADvar

 

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Population and Racial Demographics

The population of Venezulela is 28,047,938 (July 2011 est.)

The age structure is 0-14 years: 29.5% (male 4,149,781/female 4,002,931)

15-64 years: 65.1% (male 8,846,945/female 9,130,561)
65 years and over: 5.4% (male 665,436/female 840,089) (2011 est.)

Median age

The total of years the people of Venezuela is 26.1 years.
male: 25.4 years
female: 26.8 years (2011 est.)

Population growth rate is 1.468% (2011 est.)

The birth rate is 19.88 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)

Death rate is 5.2 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)

http://www.indexmundi.com/venezuela/demographics_profile.html

 

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Map of Country

Map of Country | Venezuela, Amber Spencer | Scoop.it

This land was discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1498, and named Venezuela (Little Venice) by Amerigo Vespucci in 1499. It remained a colony of Spain until declaring its independence in 1811. After the defeat of the Spanish by Simon Bolivar and his armies in 1819, it, along with Colombia, Ecuador, and Panama, formed the independent Republic of Gran. Venezuela emerged from that coalition in 1830 to become an independent nation. Since then, and for most of the first half of the 20th century, the country was ruled by generally benevolent military strongmen, who promoted the oil industry and allowed for some social reforms.

http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/samerica/ve.htm

 

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Industries Important to Countries

Some important industries that are important to Venezuela is petroleum, iron ore mining, construction materials, food processing, textiles, steel, aluminum, motor vehicle assembly. In 1989 the petroleum industry provided almost 13 percent of the GDP, 51 percent of government revenues, and 81 percent of exports. Perhaps the most important thing to know about Venezuela is that it is an oil exporting country, the fifth largest in the world, with the largest reserves of conventional oil (light and heavy crude) in the western hemisphere and the largest reserves of non-conventional oil (extra-heavy crude) in the world. After oil, iron is the second most-mined mineral in Venezuela. It is estimated that Venezuela has 1.8 billion tons of high-grade iron ore reserves.

http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/economies/Americas/Venezuela.html#ixzz2DfOmKfQ5

 

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Additional Topics

I think it is interesting that their Christmas besides Santa coming, Jesus himself brings the presents. I also think that its interesting that on December eighth they celebrate Mary for giving birth to Jesus because they are catholics. Another interesting thing to me was  Los Diablos Danzante. It's a festival for their religion. They have a dress code and the dance to the "dancing devils'' for Jesus Christ. I thought it was interesting that the Angel Falls was named after American aviator Jimmy Angel. He landed his plane at the top of the falls in 1936 and the waterfall was named after him.

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Tourist Attractions

Venezuela is home to the world's highest waterfall, Angel Falls and the second longest river in South America, the Orinoco. It also has the longest coastline to the Caribbean sea. Venezuela is the world's fifth-largest oil exporter and also has vast untapped reserves of natural gas. Venezuela is a country in South America. Having a shoreline along the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, Venezuela borders Colombia to the west, Guyana to the east and Brazil to the south, and is situated on the major sea and air routes linking North and South America.

http://wikitravel.org/en/Venezuela

 

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Important Holidays

One of the most famous of the holiday traditions of Venezuela is "Feliz Navidad" or as we know it, Christmas. Families get together to enjoy the traditional holiday meal: "hallacas," "pan de jamón," "dulce de lechoza." The pan de "jamón" is a long bread filled with cooked ham and raisins. The "dulce de lechoza" is a dessert made of green papaya and brown sugar, slowly cooked for hours and served cold.On December 25 children awake to find their gifts around the Nacimiento or the Christmas tree.Tradition has it that it is the Child Jesus who brings gifts to the Venezuelan children instead of Santa Claus.

http://www.californiamall.com/holidaytraditions/traditions-Venezuela.htm

 

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Crops/ Agriculture

The principal crop of this area is coffee. Before oil came to dominate the economy, coffee accounted for 40–60% of all income from exports.

The main field crops are sugarcane, rice, corn, and sorghum, and the chief fruits are bananas, plantains, oranges, coconuts, and mangoes. The most important agricultural items for industrial use are cotton, tobacco, and sisal. Sisal is grown and widely used to make cordage and bags for sacking grains and coffee.Agricultural production in 1999 (in tons) included sugarcane, 7,080,000; bananas, 1,000,000; corn, 1,024,000; rice, 670,000; sorghum, 402,000; plantains, 578,000; oranges, 332,000; potatoes, 352,000; cotton, 12,000; tobacco, 11,000; sisal, 15,000; and tomatoes, 171,000.

http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Americas/Venezuela-AGRICULTURE.html#b

 

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Religion

Venezuela, like most South American nations, is a predominantly Catholic nation. The influence of the Catholic Church was introduced in its colonization by Spain. According to government estimates, 92 percent of the population is at least nominally Roman Catholic, and the remaining 8 percent Protestant, a member of another religion, or atheist.[1] The Venezuelan Evangelical Council estimates that evangelical Protestants constitute 10 percent of the population. There are small but influential Muslim and Jewish communities.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Religion_in_Venezuela

 

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Literacy Rate

Of Venezuelans aged 15 and older, 95.2% can read and write, one of the highest literacy rates in the region. The literacy rate in 2007 was estimated to be 95.4% for males and 94.9% for females. In 2007 primary education enrollment was around 93%. Free and compulsory education for ages 7 to 14 was established by decree on 27 June 1880, under President Antonio Guzmán Blanco, and was followed by the creation of the Ministry of Public Instruction in 1881, also under Guzmán Blanco.[4] In 15 years from 1870, the number of primary schools quadrupled to nearly 2000 and the enrolment of children expanded ten-fold, to nearly 100,000. 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_Venezuela

 

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President/Leader

President of Venezuela, 1999-present.

Hugo Chavez was elected president of Venezuela in 1998 and took office 2 February 1999 Hugo Chavez was a career military man who formed a revolutionary force within the Venezuelan army and led a failed attempt to overthrow President Carlos Andres Perez in 1992. After two years in prison, Chavez was pardoned by President Rafael Caldera and made the transition from soldier to politician. An engaging speaker and charismatic personality, he was elected to the presidency as a leftist reformer and modern-day Simón Bolívar.Hugo Chávez is a vocal critic of the United States of America, in particular former President George W. Bush, who he once famously and publicly called a “donkey.” He is very popular with poor Venezuelans, who in February of 2009 voted to abolish term limits, allowing him to run for re-election indefinitely.

 http://latinamericanhistory.about.com/od/presidentsofsouthamerica/p/09HChavez.htm

 

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Flag of Country

Flag of Country | Venezuela, Amber Spencer | Scoop.it

Venezuela's flag is a yellow, blue, and red horizontal tricolor with eight white stars in a semicircle in the center and the coat of arms on the yellow stripe on the hoist side. The Venezuelan independence leader Francisco de Miranda designed the basic tricolor flag in 1806. Seven stars were added in 1836; they represent the seven provinces that supported Venezuela's independence in 1830. The eighth star, the "Bolívar Star," was added in 2006 to honor Simón Bolívar. The red in the flag represents courage and the blue represents Venezuela's independence from Spain.

http://www.enchantedlearning.com/southamerica/venezuela/flag/

 

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Country Name and Capital

Venezuela , Carcus.

Venezuela's capital and largest city is the center of commerce, culture, economics and the base for touring the country's attractions. Tourism, attractions, art, culture, entertainment, sports, recreation, accommodations, food and also drinks. It's noisy as any large city with millions of inhabitants, yet it boasts a city park with a waterfall and hundreds of tropical plants. Many people pass through Caracas, Venezuela on their way to other destinations, such as Angel Falls, Margarita Island or Los Roques. Caracas blends a modern cityscape and a colonial heritage with a lush, temperate climate.

http://gosouthamerica.about.com/od/venregcaracas/Caracas.htm

 

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