Useful AOD Reports & Resources
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National Wastewater Drug Monitoring Program (Aus)

National Wastewater Drug Monitoring Program (Aus) | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it
The National Wastewater Drug Monitoring Program is a key initiative in establishing an objective evidence base on illicit drug use.
ReGenUC's insight:

Includes links to the summary and full reports for 2017.

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Useful AOD Reports & Resources
A collection of good AOD research and resources
Curated by ReGenUC
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The World Drug Perception Problem: Countering Prejudices About People Who Use Drugs

The World Drug Perception Problem: Countering Prejudices About People Who Use Drugs | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it

"Drug policy reforms have been difficult to design, legislate or implement because current policies and responses are often based on perceptions and passionate beliefs, and what should be factual discussions leading to effective policies are frequently treated as moral debates." 

ReGenUC's insight:

The latest report by the Global Commission on Drug Policy challenges the common perceptions about drugs and the people who use them. The Commission argues that stigmatisation of people who use drugs leads to discrimination, supports repressive drug laws and hinders evidence-based responses to address drug-related harms. 

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Non-medical use of pharmaceuticals: trends, harms and treatment 2006–07 to 2015–16 (Aus)

Non-medical use of pharmaceuticals: trends, harms and treatment 2006–07 to 2015–16 (Aus) | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it

The non-medical use of pharmaceuticals is common—about 1 million Australians (4.8%) aged 14 years or older reported recent non-medical use of a pharmaceutical drug. Prescriptions for opioid analgesics continued to increase and chronic pain and mental illness was higher among people with recent non-medical use of a pharmaceutical. 

ReGenUC's insight:

The new AIHW report finds that, along with increasing prescriptions, overdose deaths where benzodiazepines or other opioids like oxycodone and codeine were present, has more than doubled over the past decade.

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Briefing to the Incoming Parliament 2017 (NZ)

Briefing to the Incoming Parliament 2017 (NZ) | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it

To ensure the 52nd Parliament makes health a central focus of drug policy and law in New Zealand, the Drug Foundation has sent a comprehensive briefing to all MPs. We are all concerned about the harm caused by drugs in New Zealand. But there are solutions. We need our politicians to see that these solutions are sensible and achievable.

ReGenUC's insight:

The NZ Drug Foundation urges the nation's political leaders to focus on four priority areas to prevent AOD related harm:

  1. Keeping young people in school and keeping them safe;
  2. Drug law reform (so AOD use can be treated as a health issue);
  3. More effective investment in prevention, treatment and harm reduction; &
  4. Reducing harm within communities and responding to emerging challenges.
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Best practice portal (EU)

Best practice portal (EU) | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it

The Best practice portal is designed to help you find practical and reliable information on what works (and what doesn’t) in the areas of prevention, treatment, harm reduction and social reintegration. It will help you identify tried and tested interventions quickly, allocate resources to what's effective, and improve interventions applying tools, standards and guidelines.

ReGenUC's insight:

Great set of resources from the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction.

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Policy brief 4: The effects of sentencing policy on re-offending

This Campbell policy brief (click on the download/open icons above) summarises evidence from 12 systematic reviews in the Campbell Library which examine sentencing policies and their effects on re-offending.

ReGenUC's insight:

Review finds:

  • Custodial sentences do not reduce recidivism by any more than non-custodial approaches, which are cheaper and have fewer consequences for offenders’ families.
  • Diverting offenders before they enter the system is likely to produce less offending.
  • Harsh prison regimes such as boot camps are not effective.
  • Programs focused on specific issues such as drug use and sex offenders reduce recidivism.
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Call to end discrimination against older adults within alcohol treatment and policy (UK)

Call to end discrimination against older adults within alcohol treatment and policy (UK) | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it

Calls to better respond to alcohol harms amongst older adults have been reiterated in two new reports highlighting age discrimination within treatment settings, policy and research practice. 

ReGenUC's insight:

Alcohol Research UK study finds 75% of resi rehab centres have arbitrary upper age limits, limited or no disabled access. Older service users report discriminatory attitudes and bullying.

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Drugs and the darknet (EU)

Drugs and the darknet (EU) | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it

Drugs and the darknet: perspectives for enforcement, research and policy, a joint publication by the EMCDDA and Europol, presents the latest understanding of how darknet markets function, the threats they pose to health and security and how Europe can respond. 

ReGenUC's insight:

See today's related coverage of the report's findings: http://sco.lt/5U9yML.

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Mentor Launches Quality Mark for Alcohol and Drugs Education (UK)

Mentor Launches Quality Mark for Alcohol and Drugs Education (UK) | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it

Mentor has launched their Quality Mark for Alcohol and Drugs Education, alongside a set of developmental Quality Standards for schools and practitioners which aim improve the quality of alcohol and drug education and prevention in England.

ReGenUC's insight:

School drug education can be pretty patchy. Good to see initiatives like this to help improve program quality. 

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Do emotions related to alcohol consumption differ by alcohol type? An international cross-sectional survey of emotions associated with alcohol consumption and influence on drink choice in different...

Understanding emotions associated with alcohol consumption is imperative to addressing alcohol misuse, providing insight into what emotions influence drink choice between different groups in the population. The differences identified between sociodemographic groups and influences on drink choice within different settings will aid future public health practice to further comprehend individuals’ drinking patterns and influence behaviour change.

ReGenUC's insight:

See today's related coverage: http://sco.lt/77AadF

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The harm reduction impact of cryptomarkets: inequality and opportunity (UK)

The harm reduction impact of cryptomarkets: inequality and opportunity (UK) | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it

Aldridge and colleagues provide a compelling account of cryptomarkets as both mediators and moderators of drug risk and harm. They are persuasive in arguing that the development of new online drug markets should lead to reconsideration of traditional understandings of the relationships between drug purchases, use and harms, and that these are likely to emerge in complex interacting ways, sometimes with unpredictable results. They raise many important points, but here I offer two brief perspectives inspired by their debate piece.

ReGenUC's insight:

Harry Sumnall urges caution on expectations that online markets can reduce harm.

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Drugs 'fix room' setback leads to call for urgent action (Scotland)

Drugs 'fix room' setback leads to call for urgent action (Scotland) | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it

SCOTTISH drug charities are calling for urgent action to help those in need after a major legal setback to plans for a “fix room”.
ReGenUC's insight:

Delays mean more overdose deaths, deaths that could have been prevented by such a service.

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ReGenUC's curator insight, November 15, 2017 7:22 PM

Delays mean more overdose deaths, deaths that could have been prevented by such a service.

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2017 Global Day of Action - Support. Don't Punish

On 26th June, thousands of people across 205 cities in 93 countries took part in the fifth global day of action for the Support Don't Punish campaign t
ReGenUC's insight:

Did you participate in this year's Global Day of Action? You might see yourself in this new campaign video celebrating the event and preparing for next year's campaign to change global drug policy.

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New developments in national drug strategies in Europe

New developments in national drug strategies in Europe | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it

This paper gives an overview of some recent developments in the tools most commonly used to manage national drug policies: strategies, coordination mechanisms and evaluations. It is based on an analysis of reports on national drug policies compiled by the EMCDDA’s Reitox focal points in the EMCDDA reporting countries (28 EU Member States, plus Turkey and Norway), consultation with experts and scientific literature.

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Does it matter if ‘addiction is a brain disease’ (USA)

Does it matter if ‘addiction is a brain disease’ (USA) | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it

Alan Leshner, then head of the US National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), was in no doubt: “Addiction Is a Brain Disease, and It Matters,” was the title and claim of his pivotal paper published in 1997. His thesis was that repeated drug use rewires and chemically alters the brain in ways which result in compulsive drug seeking and use – “The addicted brain is distinctly different from the non-addicted brain.” For treatment this was said to matter because “a major goal … must be either to reverse or to compensate for those brain changes … through either medications or behavioural treatments … Elucidation of the biology underlying the metaphorical switch is key to the development of more effective treatments, particularly anti-addiction medications.”

ReGenUC's insight:

Drug & Alcohol Findings considers the evidence on the mixed impacts of the disease model on treatment outcomes and the way AOD dependence is framed in US policy and practice debates.

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National Wastewater Drug Monitoring Program (Aus)

National Wastewater Drug Monitoring Program (Aus) | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it
The National Wastewater Drug Monitoring Program is a key initiative in establishing an objective evidence base on illicit drug use.
ReGenUC's insight:

Includes links to the summary and full reports for 2017.

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The diverse reasons for using Novel Psychoactive Substances - A qualitative study of the users' own perspectives

The increasing number of legally ambiguous and precarious Novel Psychoactive Substances (NPS) constitutes a challenge for policy makers and public health. Scientific and more in-depth knowledge about the motivations for using NPS is scarce and often consist
of predetermined, non-systematic, or poorly described reasons deduced from top-down approaches. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to explore and characterize the users’ self-reported reasons for NPS use inductively and more comprehensively.

ReGenUC's insight:

Online study of international NPS users finds a wide range of reasons for their use, including harm reduction, convenience, coping strategy, performance enhancement and pleasure.

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Lithium chloride blunts brain damage linked to fetal alcohol syndrome (USA)

A single dose of lithium chloride, a drug used to treat bipolar disease and aggression, blocks the sleep disturbances, memory loss, and learning problems tied to fetal alcohol syndrome, new experiments in mice show.

ReGenUC's insight:

Hopefully, this research will lead to the development of effective treatment approaches for FASD.

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Alcoholics Anonymous and other 12‐step programs for alcohol use disorder

Alcoholics Anonymous and other 12‐step programs for alcohol use disorder | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it
This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (Intervention). The objectives are as follows:The primary objective of this review is to evaluate the efficacy of Alcoholics Anonymous mutual help groups
ReGenUC's insight:

New Cochrane Review to compare efficiacy of 12-step programs with clinical interventions (CBT, MET etc) and no treatment.

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Shooting Up: infections among people who inject drugs in the UK

This Public Health England report describes the extent of infections among people who inject drugs (PWID) in the United Kingdom.
ReGenUC's insight:

New PHE report highlights increasing harms associated with injecting drug use in the UK, including high rates of bacterial and Hep C infections. See today's related risk on similar concerns in the US: http://sco.lt/5Bs37p

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Warnings ignored: 40 years of inaction on alcohol harm (Aus)

Warnings ignored: 40 years of inaction on alcohol harm (Aus) | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it
Forty years ago, a progressive and prescient Senate Committee report identified alcohol and its harms as a problem of epidemic proportions.
ReGenUC's insight:

FARE Australia's new report highlights the lack of progress in key areas of alcohol policy since the release of the groundbreaking Baume Report.

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Drug testing in schools (EU)

Drug testing in schools (EU) | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it

Although rare, drug testing in schools continues to be practised in some European countries, where it is seen as a deterrent to use. This paper evaluates the effectiveness of random testing in schools, based on studies conducted among students aged 13 to 19 years, in the United States. 

ReGenUC's insight:

EMCDDA paper finds that testing has little or no effect on drug use.

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Pharmacokinetics of concentrated naloxone nasal spray for opioid overdose reversal: Phase I healthy volunteer study (UK)

Pharmacokinetics of concentrated naloxone nasal spray for opioid overdose reversal: Phase I healthy volunteer study (UK) | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it
Take‐home naloxone can prevent death from heroin/opioid overdose, but pre‐provision is difficult because naloxone is usually given by injection. Non‐injectable alternatives, including naloxone nasa
ReGenUC's insight:

UK trial finds a new (more concentrated) intra-nasal naloxone product as as effective as .4mg of intramuscular naloxone.

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Medicaid coverage for methadone improves treatment for opioid use disorder in pregnancy (USA)

Pregnant women with opioid use disorder (OUD) are more likely to receive evidence-based treatment with an 'opioid agonist' -- usually methadone -- in states where those medications are covered by Medicaid, reports a study in the December issue of Medical Care, published by Wolters Kluwer.
ReGenUC's insight:

Pharmacotherapies play a crucial role in reducing risk to pregnant women (and their babies). Increasing their accessibility for all people who are opioid dependent should be a policy priority. Instead, the US Govt is funding Philippines President Duterte's policy of extrajudicial executions (http://sco.lt/7yuAT3) and local authorities in Indiana are closing NSPs (http://sco.lt/5IcFmb).

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Morbidity and mortality in homeless individuals, prisoners, sex workers, and individuals with substance use disorders in high-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Morbidity and mortality in homeless individuals, prisoners, sex workers, and individuals with substance use disorders in high-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it

Inclusion health focuses on people in extremely poor health due to poverty, marginalisation, and multimorbidity. We aimed to review morbidity and mortality data on four overlapping populations who experience considerable social exclusion: homeless populations, individuals with substance use disorders, sex workers, and imprisoned individuals.

ReGenUC's insight:

Review highlights the need to remove exclusionary practice to address the significant health concerns amongst a range of marginalised groups.

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Global Drug Survey 2018

Global Drug Survey 2018 | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it
Global Drug Survey 2018.
ReGenUC's insight:

The next edition of the world's largest AOD survey is now live. If you have used any psychoactive substances in the past year, you can contribute to this important project.

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